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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221158/-urinary-lithiasis-treatment-by-laparoscopy-combined-techniques
#1
Inmaculada Fernández González, Ricardo Brime Menendez, Guillermo Celada Luis, Marco Antonio Acosta Reveles, Eduardo Mariano Albers Acosta, Pilar Mejía Celemin, Luis Alberto San José Manso, Javier Casado Varela
Over the last 30 years, the treatment of urinary lithiasis has changed dramatically. With the advent of extracorporeal lithotripsy and the advances on ureterorenoscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy, the need to turn to open and laparoscopic/robotic surgery has diminished. The objective of this article is to review the different indications for open and/or laparoscopic treatment of urinary lithiasis, to achieve its complete elimination with the less invasive possible means and trying to minimize the number of secondary procedures as well as complications...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217301/risk-factors-for-perineal-wound-infection-after-abdominoperineal-resection-of-advanced-lower-rectal-cancer
#2
Takatoshi Nakamura, Takeo Sato, Kazushige Hayakawa, Yoko Takayama, Masanori Naito, Takahiro Yamanashi, Atsuko Tsutsui, Hirohisa Miura, Masahiko Watanabe
PURPOSE: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) of advanced lower rectal cancer carries a high incidence of perineal wound infection. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate risk factors for perineal wound infection after APR. METHODS: The study group comprised 154 patients who underwent APR for advanced lower rectal cancer in our department from January 1990 through December 2012. The following 15 variables were studied as potential risk factors for perineal wound infection: sex, age, body-mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, diabetes mellitus, preoperative albumin level, preoperative hemoglobin level, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(NCRT), surgical procedure (open surgery vs...
March 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213593/randomised-double-blind-parallel-group-placebo-controlled-study-to-evaluate-the-analgesic-efficacy-and-safety-of-vvz-149-injections-for-postoperative-pain-following-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#3
Srdjan S Nedeljkovic, Darin J Correll, Xiaodong Bao, Natacha Zamor, Jose L Zeballos, Yi Zhang, Mark J Young, Johanna Ledley, Jessica Sorace, Kristen Eng, Carlyle P Hamsher, Rajivan Maniam, Jonathan W Chin, Becky Tsui, Sunyoung Cho, Doo H Lee
INTRODUCTION: In spite of advances in understanding and technology, postoperative pain remains poorly treated for a significant number of patients. In colorectal surgery, the need for developing novel analgesics is especially important. Patients after bowel surgery are assessed for rapid return of bowel function and opioids worsen ileus, nausea and constipation. We describe a prospective, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a novel analgesic drug, VVZ -149, is safe and effective in improving pain compared with providing opioid analgesia alone among adults undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212257/matched-case-control-comparative-study-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-malignant-lesions
#4
Yazan S Khaled, Kavi Fatania, Jenifer Barrie, Nicola De Liguori, Rahul Deshpande, Derek A O'Reilly, Basil J Ammori
INTRODUCTION: Advances in surgical technologies allowed safe laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). The aim of this study is to compare the oncologic outcomes of LPD to open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) in terms of safety and recurrence rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 30 patients were matched for age, sex, American Society of Anaesthesiologists, tumor size, pancreatic duct diameter, and histopathologic diagnosis on a 1:1 basis (15 LPD, 15 OPD). Comparison between groups was performed on intention-to-treat basis...
February 16, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207849/inhibition-of-peritoneal-dissemination-of-colon-cancer-by-hyperthermic-co2-insufflation-a-novel-approach-to-prevent-intraperitoneal-tumor-spread
#5
Yuanfei Peng, Hua Yang, Qing Ye, Houming Zhou, Minhua Zheng, Yinghong Shi
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of laparoscopic surgery for advanced gastrointestinal cancer raises concerns about intra-peritoneal tumor spread. Prevention of peritoneal dissemination is extremely important but a preventive modality is lacking. The aim of this study was to examine a novel approach (hyperthermic CO2 insufflation, HT-CO2) for preventing peritoneal dissemination during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A peritoneal dissemination model was established in Balb/c nu/nu mice by intraperitoneal injection of human colon cancer cells (SW1116, 1×106)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205030/safety-and-feasibility-of-reduced-port-robotic-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-phase-i-ii-clinical-trial
#6
Seungho Lee, Jin Kyong Kim, Youn Nam Kim, Dong-Su Jang, Yoo Min Kim, Taeil Son, Woo Jin Hyung, Hyoung-Il Kim
INTRODUCTION: Theoretically, reducing the number of ports required in minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer would further minimize trauma associated therewith. Advances in single-site surgery have afforded surgeons the ability to perform reduced-port distal gastrectomy via a robotic approach using the Single-Site™ system, eliminating restrictions on the movement of surgical instruments. METHODS: This phase I/II study was designed as a single-arm prospective trial of reduced-port robotic distal gastrectomy (RRDG) by a single surgeon (NCT02347956)...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183345/robot-assisted-single-site-compared-with-laparoscopic-single-incision-cholecystectomy-for-benign-gallbladder-disease-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Lukasz Filip Grochola, Christopher Soll, Adrian Zehnder, Roland Wyss, Pascal Herzog, Stefan Breitenstein
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in robotic technology suggest that the utilization of the da Vinci Single-Site™ platform for cholecystectomy is safe, feasible and results in a shorter learning curve compared to conventional single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Moreover, the robot-assisted technology has been shown to reduce the surgeon's stress load compared to standard single-incision laparoscopy in an experimental setup, suggesting an important advantage of the da Vinci platform...
February 9, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#8
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166115/morbidity-of-staging-inframesenteric-paraaortic-lymphadenectomy-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-compared-with-infrarenal-lymphadenectomy
#9
Clothilde Petitnicolas, Henri Azaïs, Louise Ghesquière, Emmanuelle Tresch-Bruneel, Abel Cordoba, Fabrice Narducci, Lucie Bresson, Eric Leblanc
OBJECTIVE: Extended-field chemoradiation is typically used for the management of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. Given the low rate of skipped metastases above the inferior mesenteric artery, ilioinframesenteric dissection seems to be an acceptable pattern of paraaortic lymph node dissection (LND). Our objective is to compare the surgical morbidity of inframesenteric LND (IM-LND) with infrarenal LND (IR-LND). METHODS: In our center, all of the patients with locally advanced cervical cancer and negative magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography-computed tomography imaging at the paraaortic level were offered laparoscopic staging including a diagnostic laparoscopy followed, if negative, by an extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161495/should-the-presence-of-metastatic-para-aortic-lymph-nodes-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-lead-to-more-aggressive-treatment-strategies
#10
Virginia Benito, Sonia Carballo, Patricia Silva, Miriam Esparza, Octavio Arencibia, Mario Federico, Miguel Andújar, Marta Mori, Norberto Medina, Amina Lubrano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) undergoing pretherapeutic laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy (LPL), as well as the progression-free and overall survival rates specifically in the subgroup of patients with metastatic paraaortic lymph nodes (PLN). DESIGN: Retrospective study conducted on demographic data, pathological and surgical findings, complications and disease-status, recorded for LACC patients undergoing LPL during the period 2009-2015...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138363/perforated-peptic-ulcer-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Kin Tong Chung, Vishalkumar G Shelat
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) affects 4 million people worldwide annually. The incidence of PUD has been estimated at around 1.5% to 3%. Perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) is a serious complication of PUD and patients with PPU often present with acute abdomen that carries high risk for morbidity and mortality. The lifetime prevalence of perforation in patients with PUD is about 5%. PPU carries a mortality ranging from 1.3% to 20%. Thirty-day mortality rate reaching 20% and 90-d mortality rate of up to 30% have been reported...
January 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133299/-laparoscopic-lateral-lymph-node-dissection-for-rectal-cancer-with-lateral-lymph-node-metastasis-a-case-report
#12
Hiroyuki Jin, Hajime Morohashi, Kentaro Sato, Satoko Umetsu, Tatsuya Yoshida, Yusuke Wakasa, Daichi Ichinohe, Hiroshi Ogasawara, Tatsuya Hasebe, Takuya Miura, Yoshiyuki Sakamoto, Kenichi Hakamada
BACKGROUND: Lateral lymph node dissection(LLND)for locally advanced lower rectal cancer is the standard treatment procedure in Japan. We performed LLND with an extraperitoneal approach. Recently, we introduced laparoscopic surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer and laparoscopic LLND. We performed laparoscopic LLND in a patient havinglower rectal cancer with lateral lymph node metastasis that was detected via preoperative imaging. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a woman in her 50s who experienced melena and visited a physician...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133252/-a-case-of-locally-far-advanced-colon-cancer-resected-by-laparoscopic-surgery-after-colonic-stent-insertion-and-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#13
Yasushi Ishii, Yosuke Hirano, Taro Munechika, Keita Tanaka, Yoshihiro Yonemitsu, Masako Nomi, Ryosuke Shibata, Tatsuya Okamoto, Hiroshi Maeno, Jun Yanagisawa, Shunji Kawamoto, Tomoaki Noritomi
We report a case of locally far-advanced colon cancer resected by laparoscopic surgery after colonic stent insertion and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A 71-year-old man with obstructive symptoms was admitted to our hospital in July 2015. CT revealed a sigmoid colon tumor infiltrating the retroperitoneum and small intestine. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a sigmoid colon cancer. Self-expandable metallic stent insertion for obstructive colon cancer alleviated the patient's symptoms quickly. Four courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy(XELOX)reduced the primary tumor in size, allowing for laparoscopic surgical resection...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133164/-two-cases-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-in-the-upper-portion-of-the-stomach-with-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#14
Kazuki Odagiri, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Tomoki Makino, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
Case 1: A 55-year-old woman was diagnosed with type 3 gastric cancer(U, post, 30 mm, por, cT4aN2M0)of cStage III B. She received 3 courses of a DOS regimen, which consisted of docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and S-1, as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). She subsequently underwent curative laparoscopic total gastrectomy with D2+No.16a2lat dissection, and resection of part of the right crus of the diaphragm, which was suspected to have cancer infiltration. S-1 was started as adjuvant chemotherapy 37 days after gastrectomy...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133037/-a-case-of-port-site-recurrence-after-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-advanced-gastric-cancer
#15
Shotaro Fujita, Shinji Ohki, Koji Kase, Naoto Yamauchi, Shun Chida, Suguru Hayase, Wataru Sakamoto, Tomoyuki Monma, Masashi Takawa, Toru Ohtake, Koji Kono, Seiichi Takenoshita
It has been suggested that port site recurrence is a potential complication after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, especially considering the increased number of laparoscopic surgeries being performed. We encountered a case of an 84-year-old man who was diagnosed with 2 port site recurrences at the navel and right hypochondrium after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy(D2). Pathological diagnosis for the original tumor was tub2, pT4a, pN1(1/38), M0, pStage III A, and HER2(0). As first-line chemotherapy with S-1 plus CDDP for the port site recurrence failed, second-line chemotherapy with ramucirumab plus paclitaxel(RAM plus PTX)was administered...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124830/safety-and-feasibility-of-laparoscopic-multivisceral-resection-for-surgical-t4b-colon-cancers-retrospective-analyses
#16
Ryo Takahashi, Suguru Hasegawa, Kenjiro Hirai, Shigeo Hisamori, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Yoshiharu Sakai
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic (Lap) surgery has not been established as a standard procedure for locally advanced colon cancers. Here, we evaluated the safety and feasibility of Lap multivisceral resection (MVR) for tumors that had invaded adjacent organs (T4b). METHODS: We performed retrospective analyses using a single institutional database. Eighty-four patients who underwent Lap or open MVR for surgical T4b primary colon cancers satisfied the inclusion criteria...
January 26, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123724/clinical-implications-of-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-prior-to-laparoscopic-surgery-for-locally-advanced-low-rectal-cancer
#17
Keisaku Kondo, Taiju Shimbo, Keitaro Tanaka, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshifumi Narumi, Junji Okuda, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
The present study aimed to evaluate whether preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has any adverse effects on laparoscopic surgery (LS) for locally advanced low rectal cancer (LARC). The study was performed at the Osaka Medical College Hospital, and included patients who were operated on between July 2006 and December 2013. The short-term outcomes in 156 patients who underwent surgery for LARC following CRT were evaluated, of whom 152 underwent LS. Among the patients who were followed for >40 months, 77 patients (the CRT group) were compared with 39 patients who underwent LS without CRT (the surgery-alone group) for long-term outcomes...
January 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120274/advanced-gi-surgery-training-a-roadmap-for-the-future-the-white-paper-from-the-ssat-task-force-on-advanced-gi-surgery-training
#18
Matthew M Hutter, Kevin E Behrns, Nathaniel J Soper, Fabrizio Michelassi
There is the need for well-trained advanced GI surgeons. The super specialization seen in academic and large community centers may not be applicable for surgeons practicing in other settings. The pendulum that has been swinging toward narrow specialization is swinging the other way, as many trained subspecialists are having a harder time finding positions after fellowship, and if they do find a position, the majority of their practice can actually be advanced GI surgery and not exclusively their area of focused expertise...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118787/learning-curve-associated-with-an-automated-laparoscopic-suturing-device-compared-with-laparoscopic-suturing
#19
Steven G Leeds, Lizzy Wooley, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Yahya Daoud, James Fleshman, Sanket Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic suturing has proved to be a challenging skill to master which may prevent surgical procedures from being started, or completed, in a minimally invasive fashion. The aim of this study is to compare the learning curves between traditional laparoscopic techniques with a novel suturing device. METHODS: In this prospective single blinded nonrandomized controlled crossover study, we recruited 19 general surgery residents ranging from beginner (PGY1-2, n = 12) to advanced beginner (PGY3-5, n = 7)...
January 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117608/robotic-partial-nephrectomy-expanding-utilization-advancing-innovation
#20
Christopher J D Wallis, Alaina Garbens, Sameer Chopra, Raj Satkunasivam, Inderbir Singh Gill
Robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) is gaining increasing prominence for nephron sparing surgery in the treatment of patients with localized kidney tumors. RPN offers the benefits of minimally invasive surgery with a shorter learning curve compared to its laparoscopic counterpart. While long-term data are awaited, RPN does provide short-term oncological and functional outcomes comparable to open and laparoscopic PN. Further, robotic surgery has facilitated technical innovation including the elimination of warm ischemia, provided minimally invasive alternatives to patients with complex tumors and importantly, has fuelled increased dissemination of PN surgery amongst community urologists...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Endourology
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