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Clinical pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733156/a-structured-patient-identification-model-for-medication-therapy-management-services-in-a-community-pharmacy
#1
Gina M Pagano, Brigid K Groves, Catherine H Kuhn, Kyle Porter, Bella H Mehta
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and implementation of a structured patient identification model for medication therapy management (MTM) services within traditional dispensing activities of a community pharmacy to facilitate pharmacist-provided completion of MTM services. DESIGN: A daily clinical opportunity report was developed as a structured model to identify MTM opportunities daily for all MTM-eligible patients expecting to pick up a prescription. Pharmacy staff was trained and the standardized model was implemented at study sites...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733155/implementation-of-a-health-information-exchange-into-community-pharmacy-workflow
#2
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Christina A Spivey, Samantha Boldin, Tara B Moore, Marie Chisholm-Burns
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and report preliminary outcomes of the integration of a health information exchange (HIE) into community pharmacy workflow clinical service delivery. SETTING: Independent pharmacy in eastern Tennessee. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The pharmacy offers medication reconciliation services via HIE access, as well as other clinical pharmacy services. The average number of prescriptions filled weekly is 1900, and staffing included 3...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729228/tangled-history-of-the-european-uses-of-sphagnum-moss-and-sphagnol
#3
REVIEW
Jacek Drobnik, Adam Stebel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sphagnum mosses and peat could have been utilized as wound dressings for centuries, however reliable data on this subject are ambiguous; sometimes even no distinction between peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) and peat is made or these terms become confused. The first scientific account on surgical use of peat comes from 1882: a peat digger who successfully, by himself and in the way unknown to the then medicine, cured an open fracture of his forearm with peat. The peat, and very soon the peat moss itself (which is the major constituent of peat) drew attention of the 19(th)-century surgeons...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725147/shortage-of-psychotropic-medications-in-community-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-solutions
#4
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Wael Mansy, Mohammad Barasin, Yazeed Mohammad Ghawaa, Mohammed AlSultan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Solaiman Alhawas, Sultan AlGhadeer
Background: Patients with mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, who seek medical care in private psychiatric clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, have recently expressed concerns to doctors about difficulty in filling psychotropic medications, such as Amitriptyline and Aripiprazole, at retail community pharmacies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a shortage of some commonly prescribed psychotropic medications in retail community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia, and if so, to explore the possible reasons behind the shortage of these medications...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721095/chemotherapy-associated-paronychia-treated-with-2-povidone-iodine-a-series-of-cases
#5
Kara Capriotti, Joseph Capriotti, Jesse Pelletier, Kevin Stewart
BACKGROUND: Nail changes are known to occur during the use of chemotherapy for a variety of malignancies, particularly those treated with taxanes and EGFR inhibitors. There are currently no actively recruiting prospective clinical trials investigating potential treatments. There are also no US Food and Drug Administration-approved medical treatments for chemotherapy-associated paronychia and no consensus on the best way to treat these common chemotherapy-induced events. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases presenting to a single dermatology private practice from June 2016 to January 2017 identified nine patients with chemotherapy-associated paronychia seeking treatment...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721024/cost-of-medication-adherence-and-persistence-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Kristina S Boye, Xiaomei Peng
PURPOSE: To explore published evidence on health care costs associated with adherence or persistence to antidiabetes medications in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Primary research studies published between January 2006 and December 2015 on compliance, adherence, or persistence and treatment in patients with T2DM that document a link with health care costs were identified through literature searches in bibliographic databases and 2015 abstract books for relevant DM congresses...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720915/evaluation-of-the-use-of-a-virtual-patient-on-student-competence-and-confidence-in-performing-simulated-clinic-visits
#7
Catherine A Taglieri, Steven J Crosby, Kristin Zimmerman, Tulip Schneider, Dhiren K Patel
Objective. To assess the effect of incorporating virtual patient activities in a pharmacy skills lab on student competence and confidence when conducting real-time comprehensive clinic visits with mock patients. Methods. Students were randomly assigned to a control or intervention group. The control group completed the clinic visit prior to completing virtual patient activities. The intervention group completed the virtual patient activities prior to the clinic visit. Student proficiency was evaluated in the mock lab...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720557/comparing-mobile-health-strategies-to-improve-medication-adherence-for-veterans-with-coronary-heart-disease-mobile4meds-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Linda G Park, Eileen G Collins, Janet K Shim, Mary A Whooley
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiplatelet medications is critical to prevent life threatening complications (ie, stent thrombosis) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), yet rates of nonadherence range from 21-57% by 12 months. Mobile interventions delivered via text messaging or mobile apps represent a practical and inexpensive strategy to promote behavior change and enhance medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: The Mobile4Meds study seeks to determine whether text messaging or a mobile app, compared with an educational website control provided to all Veterans, can improve adherence to antiplatelet therapy among patients following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or PCI...
July 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720453/parental-acceptance-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccinations-and-community-pharmacies-as-vaccination-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-alabama
#9
Salisa C Westrick, Lindsey A Hohmann, Stuart J McFarland, Benjamin S Teeter, Kara K White, Tessa J Hastings
PURPOSE: To determine parents' knowledge and attitudes regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations in their adolescent children and to describe parents' perceptions of adolescent vaccinations in community pharmacies. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with parents or guardians of children ages 11-17 years from Alabama's Lee and Macon counties. One-hour long, open-ended telephonic or in-person interviews were conducted until the saturation point was reached...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718382/establishing-clinical-pharmacy-services-with-prescribing-privileges-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center-primary-care-clinic
#10
Jeany K Jun
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process and cost of establishing clinical pharmacy services with prescribing privileges in a federally qualified health center (FQHC) primary care clinic. SETTING: The primary care clinic was located in a low-income area of Southern California and served patients with Medicaid and Medicare. The primary care clinic had preventive medicine and family medicine physicians, a family medicine residency program, behavioral health services, and a registered dietician...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717338/perspectives-about-pandemic-influenza-and-its-prophylactic-measures-among-final-year-pharmacy-students-in-karachi-pakistan
#11
Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Sadia Shakeel, Muhammad Iyad Naeem, Faiza Qazi, Mehwish Rizvi, Iqbal Nasiri, Lubna Bashir, Faisal Muhammad Khan, Hina Yaseen, Shazia Jamshed
AIMS: In flu pandemics, pharmacy students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices are critical to save patients life. The objective of study was to determine the knowledge of and attitude toward the pandemic influenza among the pharmacy students of Karachi, Pakistan. SETTINGS AND DESIGNS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2014 by adopting a prevalidated questionnaire distributed to senior pharmacy students (final year) in seven private and public sector universities of Karachi...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707507/marketplace-clinics-complementing-diabetes-care-for-urban-residing-american-indians
#12
Robert Rick, Robert E Hoye, Raymond W Thron, Vibha Kumar
INTRODUCTION: For several decades, the Minneapolis American Indian population has experienced limited health care access and threefold diabetes health disparity. As part of an urban health initiative, the marketplace clinics located in nearby CVS, Target, and Supervalu stores committed financial support, providers, certified educators, and pharmacy staff for a community-based diabetes support group. OBJECTIVES: To measure the extent to which collaborating marketplace clinics and the community-based support group expanded diabetes care and provided self-management education for this largely urban Indian neighborhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707421/safer-and-more-appropriate-opioid-prescribing-a-large-healthcare-system-s-comprehensive-approach
#13
Jan L Losby, Joel D Hyatt, Michael H Kanter, Grant Baldwin, Denis Matsuoka
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The United States is in the midst of a public health epidemic with more than 40 people dying each day from prescription opioid overdoses. Health care systems are taking steps to address the opioid overdose epidemic by implementing policy and practice interventions to mitigate the risks of long-term opioid therapy. Kaiser Permanente Southern California launched a comprehensive initiative to transform the way that chronic pain is viewed and treated. Kaiser Permanente Southern California created prescribing and dispensing policies, monitoring and follow-up processes, and clinical coordination through electronic health record integration...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705689/physical-after-effects-in-men-undergoing-prostate-biopsy-in-routine-clinical-practice-results-from-the-picture-study
#14
Eileen Morgan, Frances J Drummond, Catherine Coyle, Linda Sharp, Anna T Gavin
BACKGROUND: As the incidence of prostate cancer has, until recently, increased in most developed countries, the rates of prostate biopsies, required for histological diagnosis, will also have increased. Little is known about the physical after-effects of prostate biopsy outside randomised control trials. We investigate reports on the physical effect of prostate biopsy undertaken in men in routine practice. METHODS: A self-completed questionnaire was given to men living in the Republic of Ireland (RoI) or Northern Ireland 4 to 6 weeks after prostate biopsy...
July 10, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705122/the-effect-of-using-mobile-applications-for-improving-oral-hygiene-in-patients-with-orthodontic-fixed-appliances-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Omar H Alkadhi, Mohammed N Zahid, Read S Almanea, Husam K Althaqeb, Turki H Alharbi, Nancy M Ajwa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using mobile applications active reminders to improve oral hygiene in comparison to verbal oral hygiene instructions. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: orthodontic clinics at two branches of a university hospitals of the college of dentistry of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four 12-year-old and older subjects...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704478/involvement-of-community-pharmacists-in-public-health-priorities-a-multi-center-descriptive-survey-in-ethiopia
#16
Daniel Asfaw Erku, Amanual Getnet Mersha
Located in the heart of the community and widely distributed geographically, community pharmacies provide a platform for a more proactive involvement in public health services. So far, little information has been gathered in Ethiopia on community pharmacists' level of involvement in public health services. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to document the level of involvement of community pharmacy professionals in the provision of public health services and the barriers to such involvement. This study employed a self-administered questionnaire based survey, which asked participants to indicate their frequency and level of involvement in providing public health services and their perceived barriers in providing such services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703084/case-study-on-an-ipilimumab-cost-containment-strategy-in-an-italian-hospital
#17
Alberto Russi, Vanna Chiarion-Sileni, Vera Damuzzo, Francesca Di Sarra, Jacopo Pigozzo, Angelo Claudio Palozzo
OBJECTIVES: Ipilimumab is the first licensed immune checkpoint inhibitor for treatment of melanoma. The promising results of the registration clinical study need confirmation in real practice and its clinical success comes together with a relevant budget impact due to the high price of this drug. The aim of this work is to describe a new model of economical sustainability of ipilimumab developed in an Italian reference center for melanoma treatment. METHODS: This retrospective, observational, and monocentric study was carried out at the Veneto Institute of Oncology...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701207/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-clinical-trials-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-identification-of-a-core-outcome-set-using-a-delphi-survey
#18
Daniel I Schlessinger, Sanjana Iyengar, Arianna F Yanes, Sarah G Chiren, Victoria Godinez-Puig, Brian R Chen, Anastasia O Kurta, Jochen Schmitt, Stefanie Deckert, Karina C Furlan, Emily Poon, Todd V Cartee, Ian A Maher, Murad Alam, Joseph F Sobanko
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common skin cancer that poses a risk of metastasis. Clinical investigations into SCC treatment are common, but the outcomes reported are highly variable, omitted, or clinically irrelevant. The outcome heterogeneity and reporting bias of these studies leave clinicians unable to accurately compare studies. Core outcome sets (COSs) are an agreed minimum set of outcomes recommended to be measured and reported in all clinical trials of a given condition or disease...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698827/evaluating-student-attitudes-perceptions-of-interprofessional-experiences-following-participation-in-a-student-run-free-clinic
#19
Aleksandr Kovalskiy, Rahim Ismail, Kelvin Tran, Anand Desai, Amna Imran, Caridad Hernandez
It is increasingly evident that patient health outcomes are improved when they are treated by an effective interdisciplinary healthcare team. Many also endorse that learning to function collaboratively in interdisciplinary settings should start at the onset of one's medical education. Student-run free clinics, such as the University of Central Florida College of Medicine's (UCF COM) KNIGHTS (Keeping Neighbors In Good Health Through Service) Clinic, provide opportunities for students to work in concert with other healthcare professionals...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697738/an-evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-pharmacy-students-on-pharmacovigilance-activities-in-nigeria
#20
Kanayo P Osemene, Margaret O Afolabi
BACKGROUND: The use of the modified-prescription event monitoring technique has facilitated the understanding and reporting of pharmacovigilance (PV). However, in Nigeria, PV activities are largely misunderstood. Furthermore, there is a dearth of information on the knowledge and perceptions of pharmacy students on PV activities in relation to demographics. This study investigated and assessed the knowledge and perceptions of pharmacy students about pharmacovigilance as well as the demographic factors that are related to pharmacovigilance activities...
July 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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