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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348991/medical-expulsive-therapy-for-distal-ureteral-stones-tamsulosin-versus-silodosin-in-the-turkish-population
#1
Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, Ilkan Yuksel, Esra Akdeniz, Gizem Cetin
Introduction Our aim was to contribute a study that includes a higher patient population to the limited number of studies comparing tamsulosin and silodosin in the treatment of distal ureteral stones. Material and methods Patients who presented with renal colic to the urology emergency clinic and were diagnosed with ureteral stones and followed-up with conservative treatment between January 2010 and January 2016 were retrospectively screened. According to the inclusion-exclusion criteria, the patients were divided into three groups...
November 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346779/predictors-of-recoverability-of-renal-function-after-pyeloplasty-in-adults-with-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#2
Xiao-Dong Li, Yu-Peng Wu, Yong Wei, Shao-Hao Chen, Qing-Shui Zheng, Hai Cai, Xue-Yi Xue, Ning Xu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify factors predicting the recoverability of renal function after pyeloplasty in adult patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 138 adults with unilateral renal obstruction-induced hydronephrosis and who underwent Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty from January 2013 to January 2016. Hydronephrosis was classified preoperatively according to the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading system...
January 18, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343039/-development-of-a-chinese-nomogram-based-on-muti-parametric-magnetic-resonance-for-predicting-the-probability-of-prostate-cancer-in-patients-after-initial-negative-biopsy
#3
C Huang, G J Ji, G Song, H Wang, Y K Chen, L Q Zhou
Objective: To develop a predictive nomogram based on multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) information to identify men more likely to have a cancer diagnosed on repeat prostate biopsy. Methods: The clinical data of 237 patients who received repeat prostate biopsy after initial negative biopsy from Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital between January 2001 and August 2016 was reviewed. Patient age, body mass index (BMI), serum total prostate-specific antigen (PSA), percent free PSA (f/t), prostate volume (PV), PSA density (PSAD), PSA velocity (PSAV), digital rectal examination (DRE), transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)and mpMRI results were included in the univariate and multivariate analysis...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337461/-urology
#4
Patrice Jichlinski
This article points at recent developments in urology in the field of malignant diseases of the urinary system and the diagnostic and therapeutic management of benign conditions as well, that occur frequently in our ageing population.
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337213/military-surgeon-volume-and-stress-incontinence-surgery-complications-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
David L Howard, Andrea McGlynn, Joy A Greer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare 12-month post-operative complication rates in women who underwent sling procedures by high-volume versus low-volume surgeons at US military treatment facilities (MTFs). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) SETTING: US military treatment facilities PATIENTS: Female military beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE INTERVENTIONS: Sling surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2012...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337127/-epidemiology-of-emergency-consultations-for-acute-urine-retention
#6
J Gas, A Liaigre-Ramos, J B Beauval, M Roumiguié, V Tostivint, P-M Patard, E Huyghe, M Soulié, S Charpentier, X Gamé
INTRODUCTION: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common reason for emergency consultation. It may be spontaneous or precipitated and affects both men and women. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of men visiting emergency departments for an AUR. MATERIEL AND METHODS: A retrospective monocentric study including all men who consulted the emergency department between January 2014 and December 2016 for AUR was conducted. RESULTS: In 3 years, 731 patients were admitted for AUR (611 men and 120 women)...
January 11, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336977/the-role-of-extended-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-urologic-pelvic-surgery
#7
Daniel Sagalovich, Rollin Say, Jihad Kaouk, Reza Mehrazin
With the emergence of evidence that venous thromboembolisms (VTE) typically occurs following discharge after urologic pelvic surgery, the focus on extended VTE prophylaxis has intensified. Urologists should have a comprehensive understanding of various VTE risk factors in order to weigh the risk of postoperative hemorrhage with the possibility of fatal pulmonary embolus. Risk factors such as advanced age, obesity, and active malignancy are especially common in patient's undergoing urologic pelvic surgery, and thus this issue becomes particularly relevant to the practicing urologist...
January 11, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336525/complications-of-curative-radiation-treatment-for-early-prostate-cancer
#8
Melissa James, Gabrielle McLean, Stephen Williams, Bridget Robinson, Ma Yi
AIM: To report the incidence of urological complications following curative radiation treatment for early prostate cancer, including minimally invasive urological procedures (MUIP), hospital admissions and open surgical procedures. Second malignancies following radiation are also reported and compared with patients undergoing a prostatectomy. METHODS: Included were patients receiving curative intent external beam radiation treatment for early prostate cancer between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2009...
January 16, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336339/-training-program-in-oncologic-urology-future-prospectives
#9
Mario Alvarez-Maestro, Juan Gómez Rivas, Alfredo Aguilera Bazán, Luis Martínez-Piñeiro, Alvaro Juarez Soto, Jose Manuel Cozar Olmo, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
Urology is a medical-surgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of the medical and surgical diseases of the urinary apparatus and retroperitoneum in both sexes and the male genital apparatus without age limit, due to congenital, traumatic, septic, metabolic, obstructive and oncological conditions. Urologic oncology is the broadest urological part, where research and new advances make continuous learning essential. In this chapter we treat all academic features related with training in the field of Urooncology...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336326/-current-status-of-urological-education-in-spain
#10
Juan Gómez Rivas, Ramiro Cabello-Benavente, Gonzalo Bueno-Serrano, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
INTRODUCTION: Urology is a medicalsurgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical conditions of the urinary tract and retroperitoneum in both sexes and of the male genital tract without age limit. The traditional method of training is based on the imitation of the skills and behaviors of the tutors, creating variability in the training between different centers and giving a passive role to resident internal physicians (MIR). LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK: The 2006 BOE establishes the specific formative content in its theoretical, practical and scientific facets...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333516/comparison-of-penile-length-at-6-24-months-between-children-with-unilateral-cryptorchidism-and-a-healthy-normal-cohort
#11
Dong Soo Ryu, Won Yeol Cho, Jae Min Chung, Dong Il Kang, Sang Don Lee, Sungchan Park
Purpose: Urologic diseases affected by testosterone can be associated with smaller penis size compared to the normal population. We sought to compare penile length in children with unilateral cryptorchidism and normative data from a cohort of healthy Korean boys. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 259 Korean boys (212, normal cohort; 47, cryptorchidism) aged 6-24 months, each of whom had been brought to an outpatient clinic at one of five tertiary hospitals (Gyeongsangnam-do Province) between April 2014 and June 2015...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332306/current-work-environments-what-problems-are-being-faced-by-japanese-urologists
#12
REVIEW
Kaoru Nemoto, Yasutomo Suzuki, Yukihiro Kondo
Computer technology has contributed to innovative progress in industrial infrastructures and has had a major influence on various work environments. Evaluations of work environments are routinely carried out in Western countries, but historically there has been resistance to such evaluations in Japan. In this mini-review, we discuss the current work environments of urologists in Japan. The number of urologists has increased each year, and the population density of urologists was 5.4 (per 100 000 people) in 2014...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330018/testicular-adrenal-rest-tumor-screening-and-fertility-counseling-among-males-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#13
Monika Chaudhari, Emilie K Johnson, Daniel DaJusta, Leena Nahata
BACKGROUND: Reduced fertility is a common potential problem among males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), with nearly half experiencing impaired sperm production. The major cause of oligo/azoospermia in CAH is testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs). Studies indicate that ultrasound screening for TARTs should begin during childhood, yet it remains unclear whether boys with CAH are routinely screened for TARTs and/or counseled about infertility risk and potential interventions such as fertility testing and/or preservation...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322799/predictors-and-prognostic-implications-of-clinical-decisions-in-patients-with-primary-high-risk-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-results-of-a-cross-country-retrospective-study
#14
S Poletajew, R Biernacki, P Buraczynski, J Chojnacki, S Czarniecki, D Gajewska, T Pohaba, J Sondka-Migdalska, M Skrzypczyk, T Suchojad, D Wojtkowiak, B Zaforemski, L Zapala, A Zemla, P Radziszewski
Adjuvant diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are available to reduce the risk of recurrence or progression in patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). However, their indications and efficacy remain a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to analyze therapeutic decisions in patients with primary high-risk NMIBC and to analyze the adherence to clinical guidelines in this field.545 consecutive patients, aged a median of 70.3 years, diagnosed with primary high-risk NMIBC in thirteen urological institutions, were enrolled into this retrospective study...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322235/-interrater-reliability-and-clinical-impact-of-the-post-ureteroscopic-lesion-scale-puls-grading-system-for-ureteral-lesions-after-ureteroscopy-results-of-the-german-prospective-multicenter-buster-project
#15
M May, M Schönthaler, C Gilfrich, I Wolff, J Peter, A Miernik, H-M Fritsche, M Burger, M Schostak, S Lebentrau
BACKGROUND: The Post-ureteroscopic Lesion Scale (PULS) was designed as a standardized classification system for ureteral lesions after uretero(reno)scopy (URS). This study evaluates its routine use and a possible clinical impact based on a representative patient cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 307 patients in 14 German centers within the BUSTER project were used to test 3 hypotheses (H): PULS score shows a high interrater reliability (IRR) after independent assessment by urologic surgeon and assistance personnel (H1); PULS score is correlated with the frequency of postoperative complications during hospital stay (H2); post-URS stenting of the ureter is associated with higher PULS scores (H3)...
January 10, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321550/evaluating-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-of-creatinine-and-cystatin-c-for-male-patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Takuro Goto, Yoshihide Kawasaki, Jun Takemoto, Yuko Abe, Takashige Namima
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of estimated serum creatinine (Cre)-based glomerular filtration rates (eGFRcre) and serum cystatin C (CysC)-based eGFR (eGFRcys) for determining renal function in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Department of Urology, Tohoku Rosai Hospital, Japan METHODS: Male patients with SCI for longer than 5 years after injury were eligible for inclusion in this study. eGFRcre and eGFRcys were calculated using the following formulas: eGFRcre = 194 × Cre-1...
January 10, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320304/complications-of-sling-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-among-female-military-beneficiaries
#17
David L Howard, Andrea McGlynn, Joy A Greer
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of complications after sling surgery excluded the large number of women in military treatment facilities (MTFs). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the postoperative complication rates after sling surgery for Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) within MTFs in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women aged 18 and older, with SUI, and who underwent either an outpatient or inpatient mid-urethral sling placement for SUI in any MTF in the United States between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319133/the-assessment-of-testosterone-and-radioisotopic-index-of-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-density-in-men-with-testosterone-deficiency-after-one-year-of-testosterone-therapy
#18
Wieslaw Tryniszewski, Grzegorz Kamiński, Zbigniew Maziarz, Michal Nowak, Mariusz Gadzicki, Maciej Radek
BACKGROUND: Testosterone deficiency in men is characterized by typical symptoms of hypogonadism and negative influence on the preservation of bone mass. In this study, we analysed the relationship between testosterone concentration and bone metabolism. Moreover, we assessed the impact of one-year compensation of testosterone deficiency in elderly men on bone metabolism and bone mineral density. Radioisotopic methods of bone metabolism assessment provide new research opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with total testosterone concentration (TT) ≤ 3 ng/ml were included into this study...
January 10, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312542/the-management-of-active-surveillance-in-prostate-cancer-validation-of-the-canary-prostate-active-surveillance-study-risk-calculator-with-the-spanish-urological-association-registry
#19
Ángel Borque-Fernando, José Rubio-Briones, Luis Mariano Esteban, Argimiro Collado-Serra, Yoni Pallás-Costa, Pedro Ángel López-González, Jorge Huguet-Pérez, José Ignacio Sanz-Vélez, Jesús Manuel Gil-Fabra, Enrique Gómez-Gómez, Cristina Quicios-Dorado, Lluis Fumadó, Sara Martínez-Breijo, Juan Soto-Villalba
The follow up of patients on active surveillance requires to repeat prostate biopsies. Predictive models that identify patients at low risk of progression or reclassification are essential to reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies. The aim of this study is to validate the Prostate Active Surveillance Study risk calculator (PASS-RC) in the multicentric Spanish Urological Association Registry of patients on active surveillance (AS), from common clinical practice. Results: We find significant differences in age, PSA and clinical stage between our validation cohort and the PASS-RC generation cohort (p < ...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300289/urinary-sample-collection-methods-in-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-patients-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Markku H Vaarala
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare bacteriological urinalysis findings using 3 urinary sample collection methods (clean stoma catheterization, urine dripping from the stoma, urine collected from the clean urostomy pouch) in ileal conduit urinary diversion patients. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Twenty-seven patients with ileal conduit urinary diversion from an outpatient urology clinic were enrolled; 9 patients were seen twice, for a total of 36 subjects and comparisons...
January 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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