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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139043/early-onset-baldness-and-the-risk-of-aggressive-prostate-cancer-findings-from-a-case-control-study
#1
Nathan P Papa, Robert J MacInnis, Dallas R English, Damien Bolton, Ian D Davis, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Jeremy L Millar, Gianluca Severi, John L Hopper, Graham G Giles
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the associations between androgenetic alopecia at a young age and subsequent development of aggressive prostate cancer (PC). METHODS: Using a case-control design with self-administered questionnaire, we evaluated the association between aggressive PC and very early-onset balding at age 20, and early-onset balding at age 40 years in 1,941 men. Cases were men with high-grade and/or advanced stage cancer and controls were clinic based men who had undergone biopsy and were found to be histologically cancer negative...
November 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138974/medical-complications-and-mortality-in-octogenarians-undergoing-elective-spinal-fusion-surgeries
#2
Sharad Rajpal, E Lee Nelson, Alan T Villavicencio, Jayratna Telang, Roshan Kantha, Kara Beasley, Sigita Burneikiene
BACKGROUND: The consequences of suffering postoperative complications in elderly undergoing spinal surgeries may be different compared to younger patients. The primary objective of this study was to identify the types and frequency of medical complications and mortality rates in patients 80 years of age or older undergoing elective spinal fusion surgeries for degenerative spinal disease. METHODS: A prospective observational study with a retrospective chart review was performed, which included all consecutive patients ≥80 years old undergoing elective spinal fusion surgeries from May 2012 to August 2015...
November 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136246/renal-function-and-urological-complications-after-radical-hysterectomy-with-postoperative-radiotherapy-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-for-cervical-cancer
#3
Masao Okadome, Toshiaki Saito, Shoko Kitade, Kazuya Ariyoshi, Kumi Shimamoto, Hiroyuki Kawano, Kazuhito Minami, Motonobu Nakamura, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Kazuhiro Okushima, Yuichiro Kubo, Naonobu Kunitake
Background: We aimed to clarify renal functional changes long term and serious urological complications in women with cervical cancer who undergo radical hysterectomy followed by pelvic radiotherapy and/or platinum-based chemotherapy to treat the initial disease. Methods: Data on 380 women who underwent radical hysterectomy at the National Kyushu Cancer Center from January 1997 to December 2013 were reviewed. Main outcome measures were the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and monitored abnormal urological findings...
November 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135146/-laparoscopic-heminephrureterectomy-for-duplex-kidney-in-children
#4
I M Kagantsov, V V Sizonov, V I Dubrov, S G Bon-Darenko, N R Akramov, O S Shmyrov, G I Kuzovleva, N V Markov, D E Sablin, R V Surov, A V Pirogov, A A Logval
INTRODUCTION: Duplication of the upper urinary tract is one of the most common congenital urological anomalies. In patients with critically decreased or lost function of one of the renal segments, heminephrureterectomy is usually the treatment of choice. Until recently, this was an open surgery; in cases of complete removal of the ureter, an additional incision in the iliac region was required. Currently, heminephrureterectomy is increasingly performed laparoscopically. We report the experience in laparoscopic heminephrureterectomy (LHNUE) in 10 clinics in Russia and Belarus...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135141/-effectiveness-of-omnic-and-omnic-ocas-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-secondary-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-multi-center-observing-program
#5
B U Shalekenov, Y A Kuandykov, S B Shalekenov
AIM: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of six-month treatment course of Omnic and Omnic Ocas in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a routine urology practice in Kazakhstan. DESIGN: This was a multicenter prospective observational program involving the collection of data from patients with LUTS caused by BPH, who received Omnic Ocas or Omnic as the first line treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program comprised 1513 patients with a verified diagnosis of LUTS/BPH, who received Omnic Ocas or Omnic (tamsulosin) administered by urologists at hospitals in the Republic of Kazakhstan...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133170/hydronephrosis-and-crossing-vessels-in-children-optimization-of-diagnostic-therapeutic-pathway-and-analysis-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-urography-diagnostic-accuracy
#6
M C Y Wong, G Piaggio, M B Damasio, C Molinelli, S M Ferretti, A Pistorio, G Ghiggeri, M L Degl'Innocenti, A Canepa, V Incarbone, G Mattioli
INTRODUCTION: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is one of the most frequent urological diseases affecting the pediatric population. It can be due to both intrinsic stenosis of the junction and extrinsic causes such as the presence of crossing vessels (CVs), which can be detected by color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US). Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) is a good alternative, but sedation and infusion of a contrast agent are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of CD-US and MRU in visualizing CVs in pediatric hydronephrosis, in order to decide the correct diagnostic pathway in the pre-operative phase...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132483/glanular-hypospadias-management-with-modified-circumcision-and-firlit-procedure
#7
Nadeem Iqbal, Ijaz Hussain, Muneeb Ahmad Cheema, Muhammad Taimur Hijazi, Meherunnisa Asif Khan, Omair Ul Haq Lodhi, Saeed Akhter
OBJECTIVE: To document the results of using simple technique of Firlit procedure with modified circumcision for treatment of glanular hypospadias. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Urology, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, from January 2011 till May 2017. METHODOLOGY: The subjects included pediatric patients who underwent repair of glanular hypospadias by using modified circumcision and Firlit procedure...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128297/role-of-geriatric-oncologists-in-optimizing-care-of-urological-oncology-patients
#8
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Helen Boyle, Gilles Albrand, Nicolas Mottet, Martine Puts
CONTEXT: Urological cancers are common. Since the median age of diagnosis is 60-70 yr, many patients require geriatric as well as urological evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual health status including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To review the most important features of geriatric assessment and its expected benefits. We also consider ways in which collaboration between urologists and geriatricians and geriatric teams can benefit patient well-being...
November 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126848/evaluation-of-external-vibratory-stimulation-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-scrotal-pain-in-adult-men-a-single-center-open-label-pilot-study
#9
Yash S Khandwala, Fernando Serrano, Michael L Eisenberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic scrotal pain is a common yet poorly understood urologic disease. Current treatment paradigms are sub-optimal and include anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids as well as invasive surgical management such as microdenervation of the spermatic cord. In this study, the efficacy of external vibratory stimulation (EVS) was evaluated as an alternative treatment option for idiopathic scrotal pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten consecutive patients presenting to an academic urology clinic between December 2016 and April 2017 with scrotal pain were prospectively enrolled...
November 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126815/analysis-of-suicide-risk-in-patients-with-penile-cancer-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
William G Simpson, Zachary Klaassen, Rita P Jen, William M Hughes, Durwood E Neal, Martha K Terris
The treatment for penile cancer has been shown to cause harmful psychiatric symptoms as well as have detrimental effects on well-being. In the past several years, alternatives to total or partial penectomy have emerged, such as chemotherapy, radiation, penile sparing, and laser ablation therapies. A more specific breakdown for penile cancer is in order as the therapy has the potential for life changing surgery. We examined the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2013), comprising 28% of the United States population...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125508/urologic-self-management-through-intermittent-self-catheterization-among-individuals-with-spina-bifida-a-journey-to-self-efficacy-and-autonomy
#11
Jonathan Castillo, Kathryn K Ostermaier, Ellen Fremion, Talia Collier, Huirong Zhu, Gene O Huang, Duong Tu, Heidi Castillo
PURPOSE: To describe the age of independence in intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) in a diverse patient population and identify factors associated with ISC in individuals with spina bifida. METHODS: Two hundred patients with myelomeningocele or lipomyelomeningocele, who were ⩾ 3 years of age and utilized catheterization for bladder management were included. Data regarding diagnosis, functional level of lesion, race, ethnicity, presence of shunt, method of catheterization, self-management skills, fine motor skills, and cognitive abilities were collected...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124246/validation-of-apache-ii-scoring-system-at-24-hours-after-admission-as-a-prognostic-tool-in-urosepsis-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Sundaramoorthy VijayGanapathy, VIlvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Jayaram Sreenivas, Ashwin Mallya, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy
Purpose: Urosepsis implies clinically evident severe infection of urinary tract with features of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We validate the role of a single Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score at 24 hours after admission in predicting mortality in urosepsis. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was done in 178 patients admitted with urosepsis in the Department of Urology, in a tertiary care institute from January 2015 to August 2016...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124243/establishment-of-korean-prostate-cancer-database-by-the-korean-urological-oncology-society
#13
Hanjong Ahn, Hyung Jin Kim, Seong Soo Jeon, Cheol Kwak, Gyung Tak Sung, Tae Gyun Kwon, Jong Yeon Park, Sung Hyun Paick
Purpose: Despite the necessity, to date, no detailed database of prostate cancer, especially one that includes clinicopathological data, has been created in Korea. For that reason, the Korean Urological Oncology Society (KUOS) decided to create the Korean Prostate Cancer Database (KPCD). Materials and Methods: The KPCD program was introduced in 2010. After considering regional distribution, a total of 20 hospitals participated in the KPCD. The Database consists of 4 domains (demographic, pretreatment, treatment, and follow-up data) and 135 variables...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124241/us-preventive-services-task-force-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-guidelines-result-in-higher-gleason-score-diagnoses
#14
Glen Gejerman, Patrick Ciccone, Martin Goldstein, Vincent Lanteri, Burton Schlecker, John Sanzone, Michael Esposito, Sergey Rome, Michael Ciccone, Eric Margolis, Robert Simon, Yijun Guo, Sri-Ram Pentakota, Hossein Sadhegi-Nejad
Purpose: To evaluate the impact that the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening guidelines have had on the diagnosis of prostate cancer, we compared the incidence and distribution of new cases diagnosed in 2011-before the USPSTF PSA screening recommendations versus 2014 at which time the guidelines were widely adopted. Materials and Methods: We identified all prostate biopsies performed by a large urology group practice utilizing a centralized pathology lab...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124238/the-future-prospects-of-supply-and-demand-for-urologists-in-korea
#15
Youngho Oh
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to forecast the future supply and demand for urologists and to discuss the possible policy implications. Materials and Methods: A demographic utilization-based model was used to calculate the total urologist requirements for Korea. Utilization rates for ambulatory and inpatient genitourinary specialty services were estimated according to age, sex, and insurance status. These rates were used to estimate genitourinary specialty-specific total service utilization expressed in patient care minutes for future populations and converted to genitourinary physician requirements by applying per-genitourinary-physician productivity estimates...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118538/utilization-of-penile-prosthesis-and-male-incontinence-prosthetics-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Amjad Alwaal, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad
Background: Erectile dysfunction is a prevalent disease affecting over 50% of men between the ages of 40 and 70 years. Penile prosthesis represents the end of the line treatment when other less invasive therapies fail or are contraindicated. Male stress urinary incontinence can significantly diminish quality of life and lead to embarrassment and social withdrawal. Surgical therapies, such as male urethral slings and artificial urinary sphincters (AUS), are considered effective and safe treatments for male stress incontinence...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116382/selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-spastic-cerebral-palsy-efficacy-and-therapeutic-durability-in-gmfcs-grade-iv-and-v-children
#17
Daniel D'Aquino, Ahmad A Moussa, Amr Ammar, Harshal Ingale, Michael Vloeberghs
BACKGROUND: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) has been established as an effective surgical treatment for spastic diplegia. The applicability of SDR to the full spectrum of spastic cerebral palsy and the durability of its therapeutic effects remain under investigation. There are currently limited data in the literature regarding efficacy and outcomes following SDR in Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) IV and V patients. Intrathecal baclofen has traditionally been the surgical treatment of choice for these patients...
November 7, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114110/the-diagnosis-of-obstructive-hydronephrosis-with-color-doppler-ultrasound
#18
Petrit Nuraj, Nexhmi Hyseni
Background: The obstructive hydronephrosis is a term that implicates the structural and functional changes of the kidneys as a result of difficulties in the flow of urine. Hydronephrosis specifically describes dilation and swelling of the kidney. Hydronephrosis is a condition that typically occurs when the kidney swells due to the failure of normal drainage of urine from the kidney to the bladder. Our aim was to evaluate the degree of hydronephrosis, causes and diagnostic method. Material and...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111381/baseline-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-enrolled-in-the-symptoms-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-research-network-lurn-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#19
Anne P Cameron, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Abigail R Smith, Brian T Helfand, John L Gore, J Quentin Clemens, Claire C Yang, Nazema Y Siddiqui, H Henry Lai, James W Griffith, Victor P Andreev, Gang Liu, Kevin Weinfurt, Cindy L Amundsen, Catherine S Bradley, John W Kusek, Ziya Kirkali
PURPOSE: To describe and compare the frequency and type of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) reported by men and women at the time they were recruited from urology and urogynecology clinics into the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN) multi-center, prospective, observational cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six research sites enrolled treatment-seeking men and women who reported any LUTS at a frequency more than "rarely" during the past month on the LUTS tool...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104797/endoscopic-correction-of-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-using-polyacrylate-polyalcohol-copolymer-vantris-5-years-of-prospective-follow-up
#20
Stanisław Warchoł, Grażyna Krzemień, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Przemysław Bombiński, Krzysztof Toth, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł
Introduction: The endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children is a currently well accepted therapy in many pediatric urology centers. Polyacrylate-polyalcohol copolymer (PPC), namely Vantris(®), is one of the tissue-augmenting substances used for endoscopic reflux therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results with PPC in children. Material and methods: From 2012 to 2016, 125 children (73 girls and 52 boys) aged 0.6-17.9 years (mean 4...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
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