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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820418/pathological-adherence-of-placenta-case-reports
#1
R Sulukhia, L Melia, N Pirtskhalava, A Sukhiashvili
Major obstetric hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In rare cases, life-threatening hemorrhage in pregnant women may result from abnormal adherence of placenta. Three grades of abnormal placental attachment are defined according to the depth of invasion: placenta accreta, placenta increta, and placenta percreta. An important risk factor for placenta abnormal adherence of placenta is placenta previa in the presence of a uterine scar. The increased prevalence of cesarean section, uterine surgery, and increasing parturient age and parity have led to an increased incidence of abnormal placentation, from one in 2,500 a quarter century ago, to one in 533 deliveries currently...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818338/spinal-anesthesia-for-pediatric-urological-surgery-reducing-the-theoretic-neurotoxic-effects-of-general-anesthesia
#2
Emmett E Whitaker, Brianne Z Wiemann, Daniel G DaJusta, Seth A Alpert, Christina B Ching, Daryl J McLeod, Joseph D Tobias, Venkata R Jayanthi
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia (SA) is an effective technique that has been used in children for years. With growing concern with regard to the risks of general anesthesia (GA), we developed a SA program to provide an alternative option. We present our initial experience with this program. OBJECTIVE: To implement a SA program at a large tertiary care pediatric center and assess the safety and efficacy of the technique as an alternative to GA for urologic surgery...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816284/-predictive-factor-analysis-of-time-to-progression-of-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-after-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#3
G J Ji, C Huang, G Song, X S Li, Y Song, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore risk factors including prostate-specific antigen (PSA) kinetics for the prediction of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and to build a practical model for predicting the progression to CRPC after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) so as to facilitate clinicians in decision-making for prostate cancer patients receiving ADT. METHODS: A total of 185 patients with prostate cancer who had received ADT as the primary therapy in Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital from 2003 to 2014 were enrolled retrospectively...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808670/utilization-and-predictors-of-expectant-management-among-elderly-men-with-low-and-intermediate-risk-localized-prostate-cancer-in-u-s-urological-practice
#4
Huei-Ting Tsai, George Philips, Kathryn L Taylor, Keith Kowalczyk, Kuo Huai-Ching, Arnold L Potosky
INTRODUCTION: Expectant management (EM) reduces overtreatment in low-risk but not intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer (PCa). We assessed the use and predictors of EM to understand its uptake in U.S. practice. METHODS: Using the U.S. SEER-Medicare database, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of men 66 years and older diagnosed with low-risk (N=25,506) or intermediate-risk (N=25,597) localized PCa between 2004 - 2011 and followed through December 31, 2012...
March 2017: Urology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801061/european-temporal-trends-in-the-use-of-lymph-node-dissection-in-patients-with-renal-cancer
#5
U Capitanio, G D Stewart, A Larcher, I Ouzaid, B Akdogan, M Roscigno, M Marszalek, P Dell'Oglio, M Salagierski, A Volpe, M C Mir, M Kriegmair, C Terrone, S D Brookman-May, F Montorsi, T Klatte
BACKGROUND: The role of lymph node dissection (LND) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is still under debate. We aimed to assess the utilization rates of LND over time in Europe. METHODS: A multi-institutional database of 13,581 RCC patients who underwent radical nephrectomy (RN) or nephron sparing surgery (NSS) between 1988 and 2014 was created within an European consortium. We analysed temporal trends in the frequency of LND by using Joinpoint regression. Logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of LND...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797517/gynecologic-anatomic-abnormalities-following-anorectal-malformations-repair
#6
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Carlos A Reck, Kate A McCracken, Victoria A Lane, Alessandra C Gasior, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Geri D Hewitt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients may present with gynecologic concerns after previous posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for repair of an anorectal malformation (ARM). Common findings include an inadequate or shortened perineal body, as well as introital stenosis, retained vaginal septum, and remnant rectovestibular fistula. An inadequate or shortened perineal body may impact fecal continence, sexual function and recommendations regarding obstetrical mode of delivery. We describe our experience with female patients referred to our center for evaluation of their previously repaired ARM, with a specific focus on perineal body anatomy and concomitant gynecologic abnormalities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791867/evolution-of-newborns-urinary-metabolomic-profiles-according-to-age-and-growth
#7
Aurélien Scalabre, Elodie Jobard, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Clément Pontoizeau, Pierre Mouriquand, Bénédicte Elena-Herrmann, Pierre-Yves Mure
Improving the management of neonatal diseases and prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood requires a better comprehension of the complex maturational processes associated with newborns development. Urine-based metabolomic studies play a promising role in the fields of pediatrics and neonatology, relying on simple and non-invasive collection procedures while integrating a variety of factors such as genotype, nutritional state, lifestyle and diseases. Here, we investigate the influence of age, weight, height and gender on the urine metabolome during the first 4 months of life...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791222/an-objective-measurement-of-urinary-continence-recovery-with-pelvic-floor-physiotherapy-following-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#8
Niranjan Jude Sathianathen, Liana Johnson, Damien Bolton, Nathan L Lawrentschuk
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of structured pelvic floor physiotherapy including repeated standardized measurements in regaining urinary continence in those men who have undergone a robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS: A retrospective database was created on men who had undergone a RALP while under the care of two senior urological surgeons between January 2013 and July 2016 and then took part in a formal pelvic floor rehabilitation program were included in the study...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789948/burden-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-urologic-cancer-patients
#9
Tullika Garg, Amanda J Young, Korey A Kost, John F Danella, Sharon Larson, Matthew E Nielsen, H Lester Kirchner
PURPOSE: To describe age, multiple chronic condition (MCC) profiles, and health system contact in urologic cancer patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: Using Geisinger Health System electronic health records, we identified adult primary care patients and a subset with at least one urology encounter between 2001-2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Chronic Condition Indicator and Clinical Classifications Software tools were applied to International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes to identify chronic conditions...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780298/comparative-cost-analysis-teleurology-versus-conventional-face-to-face-clinics
#10
Vitaly Zholudev, Ilan J Safir, Isabella M Issa, Mark N Painter, John A Petros, Christopher P Filson, Muta M Issa
OBJECTIVES: To compare costs associated with teleurology versus face-to-face clinic visits for initial outpatient hematuria evaluation. METHODS: The analysis included three cost domains: transportation, clinic operations, and patient time. Transportation cost was based on standard government travel reimbursement. Clinic staff cost was based on hourly salary plus fringe benefits. For a face-to face clinic encounter, patient time included time spent for travel, parking, walking to and from clinic, check-in and check-out times, nursing evaluation, urological evaluation, laboratory time, and waiting time...
August 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762544/coexisting-depressive-symptoms-do-not-limit-the-benefits-of-chronic-neuromodulation-a-study-of-over-200-patients
#11
Kim A Killinger, Jonathan Fergus, Luke Edwards, Judith A Boura, Jamie Bartley, Priyanka Gupta, Janice Tomakowsky, Jason Gilleran, Kenneth M Peters
AIMS: To examine the relationship between coexisting depressive symptoms and outcomes after staged neuromodulation procedures for refractory urological symptoms. METHODS: Adults who enrolled in a prospective database and completed a Personal Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ-8) at baseline were reviewed. The PHQ-8 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) assessed depressive/anxiety symptoms pre and 6 months post device implant. Urological symptoms were assessed with The Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index/Problem Index (ICSI-PI) and Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q) at baseline, 3 and 6 months, and Global Response Assessments (GRA) post implant...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760118/renal-transplant-in-the-abnormal-bladder-long-term-follow-up
#12
Baher Salman, Ahmed Hassan, Sultan Sultan, Paul Tophill, Ahmed Halawa
OBJECTIVES: Normal urinary bladder stores urine at low pressure, does not leak, and completely empties by natural voiding. An abnormal bladder may be due to neurologic or urologic disorders that render the bladder of small capacity, of high storage pressure, or of poor compliance. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of renal transplant in patients with abnormal bladders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared 30 transplanted kidneys in 25 patients with abnormal bladders with a control group comprising 30 grafts transplanted simultaneously during the same period of time (1990-2014) in 30 patients without bladder abnormality...
July 31, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758433/-the-importance-of-bladder-contractility-index-in-the-management-of-underactive-bladder
#13
Maria Veronica Ghirca, Călin Chibelean, E Anna Frunda, Orsolya Mártha
AIM: To evaluate the importance of BCI in the management of underactive bladder (UB). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study over a period of 3 years and 9 months (January 2013-September 2016) in Mureş County Hospital, Clinic of Urology, including 91 patients. Detrusor underactivity was defined by BCI less than 100 using the formula: PdetQmax+5Qmax. RESULTS: The median of Qmax value was 7 ml/s and the median value of Pdet was 14 cm H2O...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756048/frailty-assessments-in-surgical-practice-what-is-frailty-and-how-can-it-be-used-in-prosthetic-health
#14
REVIEW
Matthew S Brennan, Ryan M Barlotta, Jay Simhan
INTRODUCTION: Surgical frailty is a previously unrecognized clinical entity that objectifies a multiorgan decrease in physiologic reserve in those undergoing surgery. Although penile implantation has been demonstrated to be an effective means of restoring erectile function in patients whose previous conservative measures have failed, there are limited data regarding the assessment of frailty in patients undergoing penile implantation. AIM: To review the various objective methods used to describe surgical frailty in medical and surgical disciplines, report on methodologies of frailty assessment, and discuss the relevance of surgical frailty in the preoperative evaluation of patients undergoing implantation of an inflatable penile prosthesis...
July 26, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755960/hospitalization-before-surgery-and-subsequent-risk-of-infective-complications-after-radical-cystectomy-a-population-based-analysis
#15
Emanuele Zaffuto, Raisa Pompe, Helen Davis Bondarenko, Marco Moschini, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Giorgio Gandaglia, Nicola Fossati, Shahrokh F Shariat, Francesco Montorsi, Alberto Briganti, Pierre I Karakiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The length of stay prior to surgery increases the risk of postoperative infections (PIs) in several surgical settings, such as cardiac, orthopedic, and general surgery. However, data for urological oncology procedures are limited. We examined PI rates after radical cystectomy (RC) according to the length of stay prior to RC (LOSPRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24,242 patients with bladder cancer treated with RC between 1998 and 2013 were abstracted from the National Inpatients Sample database...
July 26, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754280/-prenatal-diagnosis-and-management-of-two-cases-of-bilateral-ureteroceles-on-simplex-ureters
#16
H Ben Hamouda, H Bouchahda, S Ghanmi, S Wannes, H Soua, H Hamza, M Belghith, A Nouri, M T Sfar
Ureterocele is a rare urologic disorder characterized by pseudocystic dilatation of the terminal submucosal ureter. Most cases of ureteroceles are associated with complete ureteral duplicity and ureterohydronephrosis, whereas ureteroceles on simplex ureters are rarer. The authors report two cases of bilateral ureteroceles on simplex ureters diagnosed prenatally at 30 and 32weeks gestation. Fetal ultrasound had revealed bilateral ureterohydronephrosis. The delivery was made at term and renal function was normal at birth...
July 25, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753825/perceived-role-of-social-media-in-urologic-knowledge-acquisition-among-young-urologists-a-european-survey
#17
Juan Gomez Rivas, Moises Rodriguez Socarras, Giulio Patruno, Pieter Uvin, Francesco Esperto, Paulo Jorge Dinis, Morgan Roupret, Hendrik Borgmann
BACKGROUND: Social media (SoMe) are increasingly being integrated into personal and professional life, with urology being a leading medical specialty in SoMe adoption. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the perceived role of SoMe in urologic knowledge acquisition among young urologists across Europe. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Members of the European Society of Residents in Urology designed a 20-item online survey via surveymonkey.com. The survey was designed in accordance with Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES) guidelines and was distributed via e-mail and social media in 23 European countries to urology residents and young urologists...
July 27, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753819/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-to-reduce-morbidity-in-the-aging-patient
#18
Hiten D Patel, Alice Semerjian
Enhanced recovery after surgery protocols have the potential to reduce postoperative morbidity after major urologic surgery for the aging patient.
June 21, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753813/hospital-readmissions-after-urological-surgical-procedures-in-france-a-nationwide-cohort-study-over-3-years
#19
Quentin Manach, Morgan Rouprêt, Jeanne Reboul-Marty, Sarah J Drouin, Cyrille Guillot-Tantay, Xavier Matillon, Jérome Parra, Pierre Mozer, Marc-Oliver Bitker, Jérémie H Lefèvre, Véronique Phé
BACKGROUND: Identifying the predictive factors for hospital readmission is required to target preventive measures. OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of surgical readmissions after a urological procedure and the risk factors associated with readmission. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data from all hospitalizations between January 2010 and November 2012 in France, regarding planned urological surgeries, were retrieved from the national medical database...
June 16, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753632/evolving-use-of-social-media-among-chinese-urologists-opportunity-or-challenge
#20
Xingbo Long, Lin Qi, Zhenyu Ou, Xiongbing Zu, Zhenzhen Cao, Xiting Zeng, Yuan Li, Minfeng Chen, Zhao Wang, Long Wang
BACKGROUND: Social media has revolutionized the way people communicate, and it has been widely incorporated into medical practice. However, limited data are available regarding the use of social media by Chinese urologists in their practice. METHODS: From 2014 to 2016, during the China Urological Association's (CUA) Annual National Minimally Invasive Urology Academic Conference, an anonymous survey on social media usage was distributed to participant urologists...
2017: PloS One
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