keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alternative infection control

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526080/post-weaning-diarrhea-in-pigs-risk-factors-and-non-colistin-based-control-strategies
#1
REVIEW
Mohamed Rhouma, John Morris Fairbrother, Francis Beaudry, Ann Letellier
Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) is one of the most serious threats for the swine industry worldwide. It is commonly associated with the proliferation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in the pig intestine. Colistin, a cationic antibiotic, is widely used in swine for the oral treatment of intestinal infections caused by E. coli, and particularly of PWD. However, despite the effectiveness of this antibiotic in the treatment of PWD, several studies have reported high rates of colistin resistant E. coli in swine...
May 19, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525984/study-protocol-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-cect5716-for-the-prevention-of-mastitis-in-breastfeeding-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Diana M Bond, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Mastitis and accompanying pain have been associated with the cessation of breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast and may be a result of decreased immunity and a lowered resistance to infection. Mastitis affects up to one in five breastfeeding women with most episodes occurring in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum. Antibiotics are often used in the treatment of mastitis, but have not been popular or proven effective as a preventative agent. The WHO has highlighted significant concerns relating to adverse harms of antibiotic use with the production of antibiotic-resistant strains of disease organisms...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523202/identification-of-a-novel-alternatively-spliced-form-of-inflammatory-regulator-swap-70-like-adapter-of-t-cells
#3
Marie Hashimoto, Jun-Ichi Nagao, Shojiro Ikezaki, Sonoko Tasaki, Ken-Ichi Arita-Morioka, Yuka Narita, Tamaki Cho, Kenji Yuasa, Amnon Altman, Yoshihiko Tanaka
Activation of naive CD4(+) T cells results in the development of several distinct subsets of effector Th cells, including Th2 cells that play a pivotal role in allergic inflammation and helminthic infections. SWAP-70-like adapter of T cells (SLAT), also known as Def6 or IBP, is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for small GTPases, which regulates CD4(+) T cell inflammatory responses by controlling Ca(2+)/NFAT signaling. In this study, we have identified a novel alternatively spliced isoform of SLAT, named SLAT2, which lacks the region encoded by exons 2-7 of the Def6 gene...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521256/antibody-detection-tests-improve-the-sensitivity-of-tuberculosis-diagnosis-in-cattle
#4
C Casal, J A Infantes, M A Risalde, A Díez-Guerrier, M Domínguez, I Moreno, B Romero, L de Juan, J L Sáez, R Juste, C Gortázar, L Domínguez, J Bezos
We evaluated the sensitivity (Se) of the single cervical intradermal tuberculin (SIT) test, two interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) assays and three different antibody detection techniques for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) diagnosis in 131 mixed beef breed cattle. The results of the diagnostic techniques performed over the whole herd, and over the animals confirmed as infected based on the presence of lesions compatible with the disease and/or M. bovis isolation were compared to determine apparent prevalence (AP) and Se...
May 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521031/expression-of-host-defense-peptides-in-the-intestine-of-eimeria-challenged-chickens
#5
S Su, D M Dwyer, K B Miska, R H Fetterer, M C Jenkins, E A Wong
Avian coccidiosis is caused by the intracellular protozoan Eimeria, which produces intestinal lesions leading to weight gain depression. Current control methods include vaccination and anticoccidial drugs. An alternative approach involves modulating the immune system. The objective of this study was to profile the expression of host defense peptides such as avian beta-defensins (AvBDs) and liver expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (LEAP2), which are part of the innate immune system. The mRNA expression of AvBD family members 1, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, and 13 and LEAP2 was examined in chickens challenged with either E...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514276/sexual-network-drivers-of-hiv-and-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-hsv-2-transmission-a-comparative-mathematical-modeling-analysis
#6
Ryosuke Omori, Laith J Abu-Raddad
OBJECTIVES: HIV and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections are sexually transmitted and propagate in sexual networks. Using mathematical modeling, we aimed to quantify effects of key network statistics on infection transmission, and extent to which HSV-2 prevalence can be a proxy of HIV prevalence. DESIGN/METHODS: An individual-based simulation model was constructed to describe sex partnering and infection transmission, and was parameterized with representative natural history, transmission, and sexual behavior data...
May 16, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512603/bactericidal-activity-of-herbal-volatile-oil-extracts-against-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#7
Amornrat Intorasoot, Piyaorn Chornchoem, Siriwoot Sookkhee, Sorasak Intorasoot
AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the antibacterial activity of 10 volatile oils extracted from medicinal plants, including galangal (Alpinia galanga Linn.), ginger (Zingiber officinale), plai (Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.), lime (Citrus aurantifolia), kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix DC.), sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn.), tree basil (Ocimum gratissimum), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus DC.), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), and cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) against four standard strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and 30 clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant A...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512379/evaluation-of-pochonia-chlamydosporia-and-purpureocillium-lilacinum-for-suppression-of-meloidogyne-enterolobii-on-tomato-and-banana
#8
Silas D Silva, Regina M D G Carneiro, Marcos Faria, Daniela A Souza, Rose G Monnerat, Rogerio B Lopes
Meloidogyne enterolobii is one of the most important root-knot nematode in tropical regions, due to its ability to overcome resistance mechanisms of a number of host plants. The lack of new and safe active ingredients against this nematode has restricted control alternatives for growers. Egg-parasitic fungi have been considered as potential candidates for the development of bionematicides. In tissue culture plates, Pochonia chlamydosporia (var. catenulata and chlamydosporia) and Purpureocillium lilacinum strains were screened for their ability to infect eggs of the root-knot nematode M...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508745/natural-leishmania-viannia-infections-of-phlebotomines-diptera-psychodidae-indicate-classical-and-alternative-transmission-cycles-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-the-guiana-shield-brazil
#9
Adelson Alcimar Almeida de Souza, Iorlando da Rocha Barata, Maria das Graças Soares Silva, José Aprígio Nunes Lima, Yara Lúcia Lins Jennings, Edna Aoba Yassui Ishikawa, Ghislaine Prévot, Marine Ginouves, Fernando Tobias Silveira, Jeffrey Shaw, Thiago Vasconcelos Dos Santos
From 1996 to 1999 multi-trapping methods (Center of Diseases Control, CDC) light traps, light-baited Shannon traps, and aspiration on tree bases) were used to study the phlebotomine fauna of the "Serra do Navio" region of the Brazilian State of Amapá, which is part of the Guiana Shield. Fifty-three species were identified among 8,685 captured individuals. The following species, associated with the transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Amazonian Brazil, were captured: Nyssomyia umbratilis (3,388), Psychodopygus squamiventris maripaensis (995), Ny...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508242/preclinical-study-of-a-cost-effective-photodynamic-therapy-protocol-for-treating-oral-candidoses
#10
Nathalia Ramos da Silva, Daniela Garcia Ribeiro, João Paulo Mardegan Issa, Karla Bonfá, Michelli Sobreiro Menezes, Viviane de Cássia Oliveira, Raphael Freitas de Souza
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment for oral candidoses. Its use as an alternative to antifungals prevents several adverse effects, including microbial resistance. However, most PDT protocols do not employ devices and consumables commonly available in dental practice, thus influencing treatment affordability. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a PDT method based on light curing units' blue LEDs combined to a plaque-disclosing composition (5% erythrosine) against C. albicans in culture and in a murine model of oral candidosis...
May 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508164/viability-of-strongyloides-venezuelensis-eggs-and-larvae-in-vermiculite-containing-the-fungus-duddingtonia-flagrans
#11
Laryssa Pinheiro Costa Silva, Carolina Magri Ferraz, Anderson Rocha Aguiar, Jackson Victor Araújo, Steveen Rios Ribeiro, Débora Goldner Rossi, Luanderson Queiroz Mendes, Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira, Narcisa Imaculada Brant Moreira, Fabio Ribeiro Braga
Strongyloidiasis is the most clinically important disease among the infections caused by geohelminths, seeing that this parasite can cause autoinfection. The use of nematophagous fungi like Duddingtonia flagrans, that have predation action on eggs and infecciososas forms of helminths, emerges as an alternative method for environmental control. For this reason, analyzing the viability of larvae and eggs of Strongyloides venezuelensis and the action of Duddingtonia flagrans AC001 in vermiculite, as well as the action of the nematophagous fungi in different growth stages, is important to elaborate and define the best culture conditions that favor the activity of the fungus...
May 15, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506673/high-frequency-of-silver-resistance-genes-in-invasive-isolates-of-enterobacter-and-klebsiella-species
#12
S Sütterlin, M Dahlö, C Tellgren-Roth, W Schaal, Å Melhus
BACKGROUND: Silver-based products have been marketed as an alternative to antibiotics, and their consumption has increased. Bacteria may, however, develop resistance to silver. AIM: To study the presence of genes encoding silver resistance (silE, silP, silS) over time in three clinically important Enterobacteriaceae genera. METHODS: Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 752 bloodstream isolates from the years 1990-2010 were investigated. Age, gender, and ward of patients were registered, and the susceptibility to antibiotics and silver nitrate was tested...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505360/comparative-total-and-unbound-pharmacokinetics-of-cefazolin-administered-by-bolus-versus-continuous-infusion-in-patients-undergoing-major-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
B I Naik, C Roger, K Ikeda, M S Todorovic, S C Wallis, J Lipman, J A Roberts
Background.: Perioperative administration of cefazolin reduces the incidence of perioperative infections. Intraoperative re-dosing of cefazolin is commonly given between 2 and 5 h after the initial dose. This study was undertaken to determine whether intraoperative continuous infusions of cefazolin achieve better probability of target attainment (PTA) and fractional target attainment (FTA) than intermittent dosing. Methods.: Patients undergoing major surgery received cefazolin 2 g before surgical incision...
May 15, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499434/development-of-a-novel-immunochromatographic-lateral-flow-assay-specific-for-mycobacterium-bovis-cells-and-its-application-in-combination-with-immunomagnetic-separation-to-test-badger-faeces
#14
Linda D Stewart, Nuria Tort, Paul Meakin, Jose M Argudo, Ruramayi Nzuma, Neil Reid, Richard J Delahay, Roland Ashford, W Ian Montgomery, Irene R Grant
BACKGROUND: The European badger is an important wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis implicated in the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Infected badgers are known to shed M. bovis in their urine and faeces, which may contaminate the environment. To aid bovine tuberculosis control efforts novel diagnostic tests for detecting infected and shedding badgers are needed. We proposed development of a novel, rapid immunochromatographic lateral flow device (LFD) as a non-invasive test to detect M...
May 12, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495315/accelerated-mass-production-of-influenza-virus-seed-stocks-in-hek-293-suspension-cell-cultures-by-reverse-genetics
#15
Ernest Milián, Thomas Julien, Rafael Biaggio, Alina Venereo-Sanchez, Johnny Montes, Aziza P Manceur, Sven Ansorge, Emma Petiot, Manuel Rosa-Calatrava, Amine Kamen
Despite major advances in developing capacities and alternative technologies to egg-based production of influenza vaccines, responsiveness to an influenza pandemic threat is limited by the time it takes to generate a Candidate Vaccine Virus (CVV) as reported by the 2015 WHO Informal Consultation report titled "Influenza Vaccine Response during the Start of a Pandemic". In previous work, we have shown that HEK-293 cell culture in suspension and serum free medium is an efficient production platform for cell culture manufacturing of influenza candidate vaccines...
May 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493210/in-search-of-the-optimal-wound-dressing-material-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Gaurav Sharma, Sang Wook Lee, Oliver Atanacio, Javad Parvizi, Tae Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Various types of dressing materials are available for wound care following hip and knee arthroplasty. However, it is unclear if one material is more beneficial than the others in terms of wound complications and fluid handling capacity. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing alternative wound dressing materials for the post-operative management of wounds following THA and TKA with respect to (1) incidence of wound complications including infection and (2) fluid handling capacity...
May 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491143/probiotic-engineering-towards-development-of-robust-probiotic-strains-with-enhanced-functional-properties-and-for-targeted-control-of-enteric-pathogens
#17
REVIEW
Moloko Gloria Mathipa, Mapitsi Silvester Thantsha
There is a growing concern about the increase in human morbidity and mortality caused by foodborne pathogens. Antibiotics were and still are used as the first line of defense against these pathogens, but an increase in the development of bacterial antibiotic resistance has led to a need for alternative effective interventions. Probiotics are used as dietary supplements to promote gut health and for prevention or alleviation of enteric infections. They are currently used as generics, thus making them non-specific for different pathogens...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490589/roles-of-m1-and-m2-macrophages-in-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infectivity
#18
Dhong Hyun Lee, Homayon Ghiasi
Macrophages are the predominant infiltrate in the corneas of mice that have been ocularly infected withHSV-1. However, very little is known concerning the relative roles of M1 (classically activated or polarized) and M2 (alternatively activated or polarized) macrophages in ocular HSV-1 infection. To better understand these relationships, we assessed the impact of directed M1 or M2 activation of RAW264.7 macrophages and peritoneal macrophages (PM) on subsequent HSV-1 infection. In both the RAW264.7 macrophage and PM in vitro models, HSV-1 replication in M1 macrophages was markedly lower than in M2 macrophages and unstimulated controls...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487997/the-effectiveness-of-anti-biofilm-and-anti-virulence-properties-of-dihydrocelastrol-and-dihydrocelastryl-diacetate-in-fighting-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#19
Seung-Gyun Woo, So-Min Lee, So-Yeon Lee, Kyoung-Hee Lim, Eun-Ju Ha, Sa-Hyun Kim, Yong-Bin Eom
Human pathogens have readily been converted into multidrug-resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), because of the long-term use of conventional antibiotics. In addition, the biofilms formed by S. aureus cells are especially problematic and are related to the persistence of chronic infections because they constitute a major mechanism of promoting tolerance to diverse antimicrobial agents. Hence, the inhibitions of biofilm formation and/or toxin production are accepted as alternative means of controlling S...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487811/curcumin-inhibits-nthi-induced-muc5ac-mucin-overproduction-in-otitis-media-via-upregulation-of-mapk-phosphatase-mkp-1
#20
Anuhya Sharma Konduru, Shingo Matsuyama, Byung-Cheol Lee, Kensei Komatsu, Jian-Dong Li
Otitis media (OM), characterized by the presence of mucus overproduction and excess inflammation in the middle ear, is the most common childhood infection. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) pathogen is responsible for approximately one-third of episodes of bacteria-caused OM. Current treatments for bacterial OM rely on the systemic use of antibiotics, which often leads to the emergence of multidrug resistant bacterial strains. Therefore there is an urgent need for developing alternative therapies strategies for controlling mucus overproduction in OM...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
keyword
keyword
9758
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"