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M Akbari Aghdam, M H Soroush Barhaghi, M Aghazadeh, F Jafari, M Beomide Hagh, M Haghdoost, M Y Memar, M Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, H Samadi Kafil
Enterococcus faecalis is occurring in opportunistic infections involving the oral cavity. This study aimed to evaluate the presence of E. faecalis virulence genes in dental root canal isolates recovered from advanced chronic periodontitis patients. One hundred E. faecalis isolated from dental root canal during July 2015 to Oct 2016. After analysis of biofilm formation by the semi-quantitative determination in 96-well flat bottom polystyrene plates, the presence of asa, esp, efaA, ace, ebpR, gel and hyl gene were studied by PCR...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
M Gouya, F Rezaei, A Haghdoost, M Nabavi, K Seif Farahi, E Mostafavi, T Mokhtari Azad, H Akbari, M Soroush, H Riazi, E Bitaraf, M N Dadras, H Barati, H Shakoori, J Bathaei, M Rezvani, P Hemmati
There are few estimates of influenza burden in the WHO Region for the Eastern Mediterranean. In this study we estimated the burden of severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) and influenza-associated SARI (F-SARI) in selected provinces of Islamic Republic of Iran, the trends of SARI and confirmed cases of influenza (F-SARI) over 12 months (seasonality), and the age groups most at risk. Using the electronic Iranian influenza surveillance system and data of cases in sentinel hospitals of 3 selected provinces, we estimated the monthly trend (seasonality) of incidence for SARI and F-SARI, overall incidence of SARI and F-SARI and their disaggregation by age with the aid using the Monte Carlo technique...
October 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Shahla Kakoei, Bahareh Hosseini, Ali-Akbar Haghdoost, Mojgan Sanjari, Ahmad Gholamhosseinian, Vahid F N Afshar
OBJECTIVES: Oral and dental manifestations in diabetic patients can arise due to numerous factors, including elevated salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) levels. This study aimed to evaluate s-IgA concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to investigate the association between s-IgA levels and oral and dental manifestations of T2DM. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out between October 2011 and September 2012 in Kerman, Iran, and included 260 subjects (128 patients with T2DM and 132 healthy controls)...
November 2015: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
U Kulka, L Ainsbury, M Atkinson, S Barnard, R Smith, J F Barquinero, L Barrios, C Bassinet, C Beinke, A Cucu, F Darroudi, P Fattibene, E Bortolin, S Della Monaca, O Gil, E Gregoire, V Hadjidekova, S Haghdoost, V Hatzi, W Hempel, R Herranz, A Jaworska, C Lindholm, K Lumniczky, R M'kacher, S Mörtl, A Montoro, J Moquet, M Moreno, M Noditi, A Ogbazghi, U Oestreicher, F Palitti, G Pantelias, I Popescu, M J Prieto, S Roch-Lefevre, U Roessler, H Romm, K Rothkamm, L Sabatier, N Sebastià, S Sommer, G Terzoudi, A Testa, H Thierens, F Trompier, I Turai, C Vandevoorde, P Vaz, P Voisin, A Vral, F Ugletveit, A Wieser, C Woda, A Wojcik
Creating a sustainable network in biological and retrospective dosimetry that involves a large number of experienced laboratories throughout the European Union (EU) will significantly improve the accident and emergency response capabilities in case of a large-scale radiological emergency. A well-organised cooperative action involving EU laboratories will offer the best chance for fast and trustworthy dose assessments that are urgently needed in an emergency situation. To this end, the EC supports the establishment of a European network in biological dosimetry (RENEB)...
April 2015: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Mohammad Motaghi, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Faraidoon Haghdoost, Mohamadhasan Tajadini, Mohammad Saadatnia, Laleh Rafiee, Alireza Zandifar
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has a key role in migraine pathophysiology. Vitamin D is an effective anti-inflammatory agent. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between migraine and two vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms (TaqI and FokI) and also the relationship between VDR polymorphisms and headache severity. METHODS: In this case-control study we assessed 103 patients with newly diagnosed migraine without aura and 100 healthy subjects. Patients filled headache impact test-6 (HIT-6) as a tool to assess headache severity...
2013: BioMed Research International
Aa Haghdoost, N Momtazmanesh, F Shoghi, M Mohagheghi, Mh Mehrolhassani
BACKGROUND: In order to improve the quality of education in universities of medical sciences (UMS), and because of the key role of education development centers (EDCs), an accreditation scheme was developed to evaluate their performance. METHOD: A group of experts in the medical education field was selected based on pre-defined criteria by EDC of Ministry of Health and Medical education. The team, worked intensively for 6 months to develop a list of essential standards to assess the performance of EDCs...
2013: Iranian Journal of Public Health
H Najafipour, A Mirzazadeh, Aa Haghdoost, M Shadkam, M Afshari, M Moazenzadeh, Hr Nasri, M Masoomi, F Mirzaiepour, B Sarvar Azimzadeh, A Forood, F Bahreini, Mr Mahmoudi, M Sanjari, T Malek Mohamadi, Gh Banivaheb, Ma Naderi, Gh Moshtaghi Kashanian, R Malekpour Afshar, Z Ghazanfari, S Navadeh, A Shah Esmaeili
BACKGROUND: This article was to present the sampling and measurements methods and the main preliminary findings of the KERCADR cohort study (first round) in an urban and peri-urban setting, Kerman, southeastern Iran 2009-11. METHOD: 5900 (3238 female) people aged between 15 to 75 years were recruited in the household survey by non-proportional to size one-stage cluster sampling. Trained internal specialists, general practitioners, clinical psychologists and dentists have assessed the study subjects by person-assisted questionnaires regarding different NCD risk factors including cigarette and opium smoking, physical activity, nutrition habits, anxiety, depression, obesity, hypertension and oral health...
2012: Iranian Journal of Public Health
U Kulka, L Ainsbury, M Atkinson, J F Barquinero, L Barrios, C Beinke, G Bognar, A Cucu, F Darroudi, P Fattibene, O Gil, E Gregoire, V Hadjidekova, S Haghdoost, R Herranz, A Jaworska, C Lindholm, R Mkacher, S Mörtl, A Montoro, J Moquet, M Moreno, A Ogbazghi, U Oestreicher, F Palitti, G Pantelias, I Popescu, M J Prieto, H Romm, K Rothkamm, L Sabatier, S Sommer, G Terzoudi, A Testa, H Thierens, F Trompier, I Turai, V Vandersickel, P Vaz, P Voisin, A Vral, F Ugletveit, C Woda, A Wojcik
In Europe, a network for biological dosimetry has been created to strengthen the emergency preparedness and response capabilities in case of a large-scale nuclear accident or radiological emergency. Through the RENEB (Realising the European Network of Biodosimetry) project, 23 experienced laboratories from 16 European countries will establish a sustainable network for rapid, comprehensive and standardised biodosimetry provision that would be urgently required in an emergency situation on European ground. The foundation of the network is formed by five main pillars: (1) the ad hoc operational basis, (2) a basis of future developments, (3) an effective quality-management system, (4) arrangements to guarantee long-term sustainability and (5) awareness of the existence of RENEB...
October 2012: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
A A Hanafi-Bojd, H Vatandoost, M A Oshaghi, Z Charrahy, A A Haghdoost, M M Sedaghat, F Abedi, M Soltani, A Raeisi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Malaria is the most important mosquito-borne disease in Iran. It is endemic in south to southeastern part of the country. Knowledge about bio-ecology of vectors will support authorities for appropriate management of the disease. Bashagard district is one of the main endemic areas for malaria in south of Iran. This study was conducted to determine anopheline fauna, diversity and affinity in the area, characterization of larval habitats, and mapping their potential distribution across the district...
June 2012: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
A A Hanafi-Bojd, H Vatandoost, M A Oshaghi, Z Charrahy, A A Haghdoost, G Zamani, F Abedi, M M Sedaghat, M Soltani, M Shahi, A Raeisi
Bashagard district is one of the important malaria endemic areas in southern Iran. From this region a total of 16,199 indigenous cases have been reported in recent years. The aim of this study was to determine the situation of the disease and provide the risk map for the area. ArcGIS9.2 was used for mapping spatial distribution of malaria incidence. Hot spots were obtained using evidence-based weighting method for transmission risk. Environmental factors including temperature, relative humidity, altitude, slope and distance to rivers were combined by weighted multi criteria evaluation for mapping malaria hazard area at the district level...
April 2012: Acta Tropica
A A Hanafi-Bojd, H Vatandoost, M A Oshaghi, M R Eshraghian, A A Haghdoost, F Abedi, Gh Zamani, M M Sedaghat, A Rashidian, A H Madani, A Raeisi
Iran is in the malaria pre-elimination stage. In this situation community based strategies are important for malaria control. In order to intensify elimination activities we need to have a better understanding of the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of malaria prevention in the community. We carried out a KAP study in one malaria endemic district in southern Iran in 2009 using a structured questionnaire. Five villages with indigenous malaria cases during the previous year and a high potential for anopheline mosquito breeding were selected...
May 2011: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
A A Hanafi-Bojd, H Vatandoost, M A Oshaghi, A A Haghdoost, M Shahi, M M Sedaghat, F Abedi, M Yeryan, A Pakari
Bashagard is an important malaria endemic area in south of Iran. An epidemiological and entomological survey was performed during 2002-2010. The aim of study was to determine malaria situation, species composition of anopheline mosquitoes and susceptibility status of main vectors to insecticides/larvicides. A total of 13,490 malaria cases were recorded, Plasmodium vivax (99.64%), P. falciparum (0.35%) and mix cases (0.01%). The highest and lowest Annual Parasite Incidence (API) were observed in 2007 (145.72/1000) and 2009 (6...
February 2012: Acta Tropica
H Haghdoost-Yazdi, F Rajaei, M Janahmadi
OBJECTIVE: Cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) fire burst of Na(+) spikes riding on a Ca(2+) spike which basically involves the same ionic channels and currents establishing the paroxysmal depolarization shift (PDS) discharges. METHODS: Intracellular recordings were taken from somata of PCs to explore effects of the epileptogenic drugs of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), bicuculline methiodide (BCC) and 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on the firing behavior of these cells. RESULTS: PCs showed spontaneous PDS-like events in presence of these drugs...
January 2011: Neurological Research
H Haghdoost-Yazdi, P Pasbakhsh, J Vatanparast, F Rajaei, G Behzadi
OBJECTIVE: Septal area is a limbic structure that is involved in the regulation of several autonomic, learning-related and behavioral functions. Participation of this area in various physiologic functions is indicative of its extensive connections with different brain areas. It contains two major divisions: lateral septum (LS) and medial septum/diagonal band of Broca (MS/DBB). In the present work, we examined topographical distribution of projecting neurons to these divisions and quantitatively verified them...
June 2009: Neurological Research
Mohammad H Kayedi, Jo D Lines, Ali A Haghdoost
The present study evaluated the efficacy and wash resistance of several commercial deltamethrin-treated nets (PermaNet, from factory (PN-F) and market (PN-M), Yorkool (Y) and AZ net) that were claimed by the manufacturers to be Long-Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs), compared to ITNs conventionally treated with deltamethrin (23-27 mg/m(2), using one K-O Tab tablet (KO) per net). Montpellier washing technique was used for washing the pieces of the nets. Insecticidal activity was assessed on dried pieces of nets after 0, 2, 5, 8, 11, 15, 18 and 21 washes, using two types of bioassay (mean median knock down times and mortality 24 h after a 3-min exposure) and reared female Anopheles stephensi...
August 2009: Acta Tropica
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