keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preop

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699172/outcomes-of-medialization-laryngoplasty-with-and-without-arytenoid-adduction
#1
Joseph Chang, Sarah L Schneider, James Curtis, Jonelyn Langenstein, Mark S Courey, Katherine C Yung
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the effect of medialization laryngoplasty (ML) performed alone compared to ML with arytenoid adduction (AA) on glottic gap and voice quality in unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: UVFP patients treated with ML alone and ML with AA at the University of California San Francisco Voice and Swallowing Center were identified. Demographic information and history of laryngeal procedures were collected...
July 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696877/multicenter-quality-improvement-project-to-prevent-sternal-wound-infections-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients
#2
Cathy Woodward, Richard Taylor, Minnette Son, Roozbeh Taeed, Marshall L Jacobs, Lauren Kane, Jeffrey P Jacobs, S Adil Husain
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing cardiac surgery are at risk for sternal wound infections (SWIs) leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Single-center quality improvement (QI) initiatives have demonstrated decreased infection rates utilizing a bundled approach. This multicenter project was designed to assess the efficacy of a protocolized approach to decrease SWI. METHODS: Pediatric cardiac programs joined a collaborative effort to prevent SWI. Programs implemented the protocol, collected compliance data, and provided data points from local clinical registries using Society of Thoracic Surgery Congenital Heart Surgery Database harvest-compliant software or from other registries...
July 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668947/perioperative-systemic-inflammatory-response-following-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-cystectomy-vs-open-mini-laparotomy-cystectomy-a-prospective-study
#3
Pernille Skjold Kingo, Johan Palmfeldt, Rikke Nørregaard, Michael Borre, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
INTRODUCTION: Surgeries, such as radical cystectomy (RC), induce a systemic inflammatory response (SIR). SIR plays an important role in controlling the human immune system. This study aims at comparing the SIR in robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy (RALC) to open mini-laparotomy cystectomy (OMC) with a urinary diversion (UD). Comparison was based on immunologic markers of SIR, thus quantifying the degree of tissue trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two male patients underwent RC with an ileal conduit...
July 1, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630725/endoscopic-repair-of-hip-abductor-tears-outcomes-with-two-year-follow-up
#4
J W Thomas Byrd, Kay S Jones
Abductor lesions are increasingly recognized as a source of recalcitrant laterally based hip pain and dysfunction. There is a growing body of evidence that many of these may be amenable to endoscopic repair. To report the demographic data and outcomes of endoscopic hip abductor repair. Twelve patients underwent endoscopic abductor repair with 2-year follow-up. These patients were prospectively assessed with modified Harris hip and iHOT scores. The indications for surgery were clinical and MRI findings of symptomatic abductor tears that had failed conservative treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578801/sagittal-tibiotalar-translation-and-clinical-outcomes-in-mobile-and-fixed-bearing-total-ankle-replacement
#5
Federico G Usuelli, Luigi Manzi, Giovanni Brusaferri, Robert E Neher, Matteo Guelfi, Camilla Maccario
BACKGROUND: Sagittal implant malalignment after total ankle replacement (TAR) has been considered to be a possible cause for premature implant failure. In a prior study, the change over time of the tibiotalar ratio (T-T ratio), which is the ratio between the posterior longitudinal talar length and the full longitudinal talar length, was assessed in 66 TARs where an unconstrained, mobile-bearing implant was implanted. The analysis documented an increase in the T-T ratio between 2 and 6 months post-surgery (on average from 34...
June 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575478/the-preservation-of-cognition-1-yr-after-carotid-endarterectomy-in-patients-with-prior-cognitive-decline
#6
Robert J Dempsey, Daren C Jackson, Stephanie M Wilbrand, Carol C Mitchell, Sara E Berman, Sterling C Johnson, Nirvedh H Meshram, Tomy Varghese, Bruce P Hermann
BACKGROUND: Vascular cognitive decline is critically important in the course of atherosclerosis and stroke. OBJECTIVE: To explore the hypothesis that carotid endarterectomy (CEA) by removing an unstable plaque may slow the course of vascular cognitive decline in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. METHODS: Patients with clinically significant (>60%) carotid stenosis were studied preop and 1 yr post-CEA for clinical symptoms, vascular cognitive decline, instability of carotid plaque-presence of microemboli, brain white matter changes, and medical risk factors...
June 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553072/preoperative-measurement-vs-intraoperative-aberrometry-for-the-selection-of-intraocular-lens-sphere-power-in-normal-eyes
#7
James A Davison, Richard Potvin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the value of intraoperative aberrometry (IA) in determining the intraocular lens (IOL) sphere power in eyes with no previous ocular surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery where standard preoperative (Preop) measurements and IA were performed. Calculated IOL sphere powers and postoperative refractions, both actual and theoretical, were compared based on the measurement method and lens type; lens types included multifocal, toric and aspheric single-vision non-toric IOLs...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523382/adult-spinal-deformity-effectiveness-of-interbody-lordotic-cages-to-restore-disc-angle-and-spino-pelvic-parameters-through-completely-mini-invasive-trans-psoas-and-hybrid-approach
#8
Giuseppe Barone, Laura Scaramuzzo, Antonino Zagra, Fabrizio Giudici, Andrea Perna, Luca Proietti
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to assess and quantify the effectiveness of interbody lordotic cages applied by trans-psoas approach to improve radiographic parameters, showing the differences between completely mini-invasive and hybrid approach. METHODS: We collected data of 65 patients affected by degenerative lumbar deformity/diseases and underwent mini-invasive lateral interbody fusion followed by percutaneous (group A, completely mini-invasive) or open (group B, hybrid) posterior instrumentation...
May 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458513/perioperative-changes-of-the-intraocular-pressure-during-the-treatment-of-epiretinal-membrane-by-using-25-or-27-gauge-sutureless-vitrectomy-without-gas-tamponade
#9
Hirotsugu Takashina, Akira Watanabe, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative intraocular pressures (IOPs) in 25- or 27-gauge microincision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) and to evaluate the stability of postoperative sclerotomy closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 147 eyes treated for epiretinal membrane by using 25- or 27-gauge MIVS as the initial vitrectomy (25-gauge phacovitrectomy [25-P group]: 73 eyes, 25-gauge vitrectomy alone [25-A group]: 15 eyes, 27-gauge phacovitrectomy [27-P group]: 47 eyes, and 27-gauge vitrectomy alone [27-A group]: 12 eyes)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421317/effect-of-oral-carbohydrate-with-amino-acid-solution-on-serum-oxidative-anti-oxidative-status-in-healthy-volunteers
#10
Yasuo M Tsutsumi, Takuro Oyama, Nami Kakuta, Yousuke T Horikawa, Katsuyoshi Kume, Yoko Sakai, Rie Tsutsumi, Katsuya Tanaka
The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of oral carbohydrate with amino acid [oral nutritional supplement (ONS)] solution on oxidative stress in healthy persons. Fourteen healthy volunteers were segregated into control and ONS groups. Volunteers in the ONS group ingested 250 ml of Arginaid Water (Nestle Japan, Tokyo, Japan) in the evening before the experiment and at 7:00 am on the day of the experiment. Volunteers in the control group fasted after dinner and drank only water until 7:00 am on the day of the experiment...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402458/the-influence-of-pelvic-incidence-and-lumbar-lordosis-mismatch-on-development-of-symptomatic-adjacent-level-disease-following-single-level-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#11
Zachary J Tempel, Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Bryan D Bolinger, Nicolas K Khattar, Philip V Parry, Yue-Fang Chang, David O Okonkwo, Adam S Kanter
BACKGROUND: Annual incidence of symptomatic adjacent level disease (ALD) following lumbar fusion surgery ranges from 0.6% to 3.9% per year. Sagittal malalignment may contribute to the development of ALD. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis (PI-LL) mismatch and the development of symptomatic ALD requiring revision surgery following single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative lumbar spondylosis and/or low-grade spondylolisthesis...
June 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390804/open-vs-endoscopic-cricopharyngeal-myotomy-is-there-a-difference
#12
Colin Huntley, Maurits Boon, Joseph Spiegel
INTRODUCTION: The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) is composed largely of the cricopharyngeus muscle (CP) and acts as the gatekeeper to the esophagus. There are multiple methods of treating UES dysfunction, but myotomy has been shown to be the most definitive means. We aim to evaluate the difference between open and endoscopic CP myotomy (CPM). METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing endoscopic and open CPM was undertaken. We recorded demographic, clinical, operative, hospital, and postoperative data for both groups from January 2010-March 2015...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351516/anterior-cervical-fusion-with-interbody-cage-containing-beta-tricalcium-phosphate-clinical-and-radiological-results
#13
Ali Ender Ofluoglu, Uzay Erdogan, Mehmet Aydogan, Orhun Mete Cevik, Onder Ofluoglu
AIM: Beta tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) is an osteoconductive, resorbable material. Its clinical effectiveness has been proved in many indications. This study was clinical and radiographic study report obtained in patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion ACDF in which PEEK cages were filled beta-TCP in an injectable form. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2010 and June 2011, 16 consecutive patients underwent ACDF using PEEK cages with beta-TCP...
March 25, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351071/neurologic-deficits-have-a-negative-impact-on-patient-related-outcomes-in-primary-presentation-adult-symptomatic-lumbar-scoliosis-surgical-treatment-at-one-year-follow-up
#14
Daniel G Kang, Christine Baldus, Steven D Glassman, Christopher I Shaffrey, Jon D Lurie, Keith H Bridwell
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of prospective, multicenter National Institute of Health clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the rate of neurologic complications and impact of new neurologic deficits on 1-year postoperative patient-reported outcomes (PROs). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are limited studies evaluating the impact of new neurologic deficits on PROs following surgery for primary presentation adult lumbar scoliosis...
April 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338577/weight-gain-after-veptr-surgery-may-be-from-nutritional-optimization-rather-than-improvement-in-pulmonary-function
#15
Ying Li, Maksim A Shlykov, Christopher B Robbins, Frances A Farley, Michelle S Caird, Michelle C Burke
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether weight percentile (WP) increases after VEPTR insertion, and whether WP correlates with nutrition labs and pulmonary function. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS) often have "failure to thrive" (WP ≤5). Previous authors have reported an increase in WP after VEPTR surgery. Weight gain was hypothesized to be secondary to improved pulmonary function...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337531/advancement-flap-for-treatment-of-complex-cryptoglandular-anal-fistula-prediction-of-therapy-success-or-failure-using-anamnestic-and-clinical-parameters
#16
Lars Boenicke, Eduard Karsten, Hubert Zirngibl, Peter Ambe
BACKGROUND: Multiple new procedures for treatment of complex anal fistula have been described in the past decades, but an ideal single technique has yet not been identified. Factors that predict the outcome are required to identify the best procedure for each individual patient. The aim of this study was to find those predictors for advancement flap at midterm follow-up. METHODS: From 2012 to 2015 in a tertiary university clinic, all patients who underwent advancement flap for treatment of complex cryptoglandular fistula were prospectively enrolled...
March 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289001/presentation-of-calcinosis-cutis-universalis-in-mixed-connective-tissue-disorder-an-encounter-during-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Munis Ashraf, Krishnanunni Gopikrishnan, Balaji Umamahesvaran, Senthil Nathan Sambandam
A woman aged 23 years with a diagnosis of mixed connective tissue disorder presented with left groin pain extending over 6 months. Workup revealed avascular necrosis of the femoral head (Grade 3) secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus and chronic steroid intake. An uncemented total hip arthroplasty was considered as the patient was only in the third decade of life. During the preop workup, careful clinical assessment had revealed multiple subcutaneous nodules affecting the extensor musculature limited to the gluteal region, anterior and posterior aspects of the thigh...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212907/improving-preoperative-throughput
#18
Jennifer Franklin, Tony Franklin
Preoperative throughput is an important piece in achieving the perioperative goal for first case on time starts. An inefficient preoperative (preop) department can delay surgery starts and impact the patient flow throughout the day. Research is abundant in applying lean six sigma principles in the operating room, however there are minimal studies that specifically apply these tools in the preop. The perioperative process includes the preop, operating room, and the postoperative departments. All areas have to run like a well-oiled machine to improve performance and achieve positive outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185083/posterior-only-surgery-with-preoperative-skeletal-traction-for-management-of-severe-scoliosis
#19
Saeedreza Mehrpour, Reza Sorbi, Reza Rezaei, Keyvan Mazda
PURPOSE: The surgical treatment of severe adolescent spinal deformities is challenging and carries substantial risks of mortality and morbidity. To mitigate this risk, surgeons have employed various methods as this study designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of preoperative halo-femoral or halo gravity traction (HGT) followed by posterior-only surgery in the management of severe scoliosis. METHOD: A total number of 23 patients with severe scoliosis treated by preoperative skeletal traction (halo gravity or halo femoral) followed by posterior fusion and instrumentation in one stage...
April 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178101/iatrogenic-intradiploic-epidermoid-cyst-following-strip-craniectomy-for-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#20
Michael T Friel, Joaquin Hidalgo, J Mason Shiflett
INTRODUCTION: The increased incidence and success of strip craniectomy with postoperative helmet therapy in the treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis has been documented by multiple centers throughout the country and world. The authors report a child with a postoperative implantation intradiploic epidermoid cyst following a strip craniectomy, a complication, that to our knowledge, has not been reported. METHODS: This clinical report involves a 3-year-old boy with a scaphocephalic appearance who was transferred to our center following an interstate adoption...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
9757
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"