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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#1
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343112/the-impact-of-australian-legislative-changes-on-synthetic-cannabinoid-exposures-reported-to-the-new-south-wales-poisons-information-centre
#2
Rose Cairns, Jared A Brown, Naren Gunja, Nicholas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: The emergence of new psychoactive substances (NPS), including synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) poses novel challenges for drug regulation and public health. Misconceptions of safety and legality, coupled with the fact that NPS are undetectable on routine drugs screens contributes to their popularity. Concerns over the unpredictable toxicity and abuse potential of NPS has led to a variety of legislative responses worldwide. We wish to describe Australian trends in SCRA use, examining the effects of legislative changes on calls to Australia's largest poisons centre...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338282/don-t-forget-to-look-down%C3%A2-%C3%A2-collaborative-approaches-to-predator-conservation
#3
Steve M Redpath, John D C Linnell, Marco Festa-Bianchet, Luigi Boitani, Nils Bunnefeld, Amy Dickman, R J Gutiérrez, R J Irvine, Maria Johansson, Aleksandra Majić, Barry J McMahon, Simon Pooley, Camilla Sandström, Annelie Sjölander-Lindqvist, Ketil Skogen, Jon E Swenson, Arie Trouwborst, Juliette Young, E J Milner-Gulland
Finding effective ways of conserving large carnivores is widely recognised as a priority in conservation. However, there is disagreement about the most effective way to do this, with some favouring top-down 'command and control' approaches and others favouring collaboration. Arguments for coercive top-down approaches have been presented elsewhere; here we present arguments for collaboration. In many parts of the developed world, flexibility of approach is built into the legislation, so that conservation objectives are balanced with other legitimate goals...
March 24, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334460/social-costs-of-illegal-drugs-alcohol-and-tobacco-in-the-european-union-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Pablo Barrio, Jillian Reynolds, Anna García-Altés, Antoni Gual, Peter Anderson
ISSUES: Drug use accounts for one of the main disease groups in Europe, with relevant consequences to society. There is an increasing need to evaluate the economic consequences of drug use in order to develop appropriate policies. Here, we review the social costs of illegal drugs, alcohol and tobacco in the European Union. APPROACH: A systematic search of relevant databases was conducted. Grey literature and previous systematic reviews were also searched. Studies reporting on social costs of illegal drugs, alcohol and tobacco were included...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332413/interlaboratory-validation-of-an-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-determination-of-melamine-and-cyanuric-acid-in-animal-feed
#5
Hildburg Fry, Kerstin Mietle, Eileen Mähnert, Sebastian Zinke, Mandy Schwieters, Emanuele Pydde, Angelika Preiß-Weigert
Melamine and cyanuric acid have been mixed illegally into food and feed to increase the nitrogen content which results in deceptively high protein contents. As a consequence a maximum level for melamine of 2.5 mg kg(-1) feed was established by the European Union under directive 2002/32/EC. A method is required to quantify melamine and cyanuric acid for control of the maximum level. Therefore Technical Committee (TC) 327 of the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) commissioned the standardisation of a method for the analysis of melamine and cyanuric acid in animal feed...
March 23, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331751/subcutaneous-oleomas-following-sunflower-oil-injection-a-novel-case-and-review-of-literature
#6
Özgür Sarıca, Arda Kayhan, Hüseyin Cengiz Demirkürek, Ayşenur Akyıldız İğdem
Liquid foreign material injection has been used as an early medical intervention since the end of nineteenth century for the augmentation of body shape. Nowadays, these types of procedures have been abandoned by health professionals due to late onset of serious complications. However, it is still misused by some subcultures such as bodybuilders, passive homosexuals, transsexuals, and patients with mental illness. This article discusses a male patient who injected himself with a large amount of sunflower oil, which became complicated by an inflammatory response-abscess formation and sclerosing lipogranuloma of breasts...
July 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330856/-my-friend-who-bought-it-for-me-she-has-had-an-abortion-before-the-influence-of-ghanaian-women-s-social-networks-in-determining-the-pathway-to-induced-abortion
#7
Sarah D Rominski, Jody R Lori, Emmanuel Sk Morhe
BACKGROUND: Even given the liberal abortion law in Ghana, abortion complications are a large contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. This study sought to understand why young women seeking an abortion in a legally enabling environment chose to do this outside the formal healthcare system. METHODS: Women being treated for complications arising from a self-induced abortion as well as for elective abortions at three hospitals in Ghana were interviewed. Community-based focus groups were held with women as well as men, separately...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#8
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329542/silicone-granulomas-with-ulcers
#9
Lisa R Rothman, Randie H Kim, Shane A Meehan, Alisa Femia
We present a 42-year-old transgender womanwith woody induration over her buttocks andlower extremities as well as persistent ulcers of thebuttocks. The lesions developed ten years prior to herpresentation and approximately five years after shereceived illegal silicone injections to her buttocks.Histopathologic examination was consistent witha silicone granuloma. Silicone granuloma is a notan uncommon side effect of silicone injections andmore often occurs when the filler is administeredby non-physician practitioners, as is the case in thispatient...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329506/n%C3%A3-dulos-subcut%C3%A3-neos-faciales-de-3-meses-de-evoluci%C3%A3-n
#10
Antonio Martinez-Lopez, Israel Pérez-Lopez, Daniel Sánchez-Cano, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
Siliconomas are subcutaneous nodules that usuallyappear as a consequence of the migration of freesilicon implanted in other locations. They are morefrequent in women with abnormal breast implants,such as poly implant prostheses (PIP), but they may alsoappear after illegal injection of free silicone. We reporta 57-year-old woman who attended our Dermatologyclinic complaining of relapsing facial panniculitis ofunknown origin. After a thorough work-up, thesenodules were determined to be the consequence ofdermal filler made with fluid silicone, which had beeninjected 20 years prior...
February 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329002/emergency-department-outpatient-treatment-of-alcohol-intoxicated-bicyclists-increases-the-cost-of-medical-care-in-japan
#11
Yosuke Homma, Sunao Yamauchi, Michiko Mizobe, Yoshiyuki Nakashima, Jin Takahashi, Hiraku Funakoshi, Kevin Y Urayama, Sachiko Ohde, Osamu Takahashi, Takashi Shiga
Riding a bicycle under the influence of alcohol is illegal in Japan. Nevertheless, intoxicated bicyclists are frequently treated at hospital emergency departments for bicycle-related injuries. This patient population usually requires more hospital resources, even for relatively minor injuries. Therefore, we hypothesized that bicycle-related crashes involving bicyclists under the influence of alcohol cost more to treat than those that do not involve alcohol intoxication. The aim of the present study was to examine the costs associated with bicycle-related minor injuries and alcohol intoxication of the bicyclist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324199/high-hiv-prevalence-and-risk-among-male-clients-of-female-sex-workers-in-hanoi-and-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#12
Patrick Nadol, Tran Vu Hoang, Linh-Vi Le, Tuan Anh Nguyen, John Kaldor, Matthew Law
In Vietnam's concentrated HIV epidemic, female sex workers (FSWs) are at increased risk for acquiring and transmitting HIV, largely through their male clients. A high proportion of males in Vietnam report being clients of FSWs. Studying HIV-related risk factors and prevalence among male clients is important, particularly given the potential for male clients to be a 'bridge' of HIV transmission to the more general population or to sex workers. Time-location sampling was used to identify FSW in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam's largest cities, in 2013-2014...
March 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322048/residues-of-salbutamol-and-identification-of-its-metabolites-in-beef-cattle
#13
Kai Zhang, Chaohua Tang, Qingshi Meng, Wei Du, Tao Bo, Qingyu Zhao, Xiaowei Liang, Shengsheng Liu, Zhixu Zhang, Junmin Zhang
Salbutamol, a selective β2-agonist, endangers the safety of animal products because of illegal use in food animals. Residues of salbutamol and its metabolites were investigated to select appropriate targets and marker residues for monitoring the illegal use of salbutamol. Ten metabolites of salbutamol were identified from plasma, urine, liver, and kidney samples; of these, six were newly identified. There were significant differences (P < 0.01) between the concentrations of parent (non-conjugated) and total (conjugated + non-conjugated) salbutamol in plasma, urine, liver, and kidney tissues...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321911/the-increasing-consumption-of-unprescribed-antibiotics-by-greek-preschool-children-amounts-to-unacceptable-malpractice
#14
Fotini Andritsou, Vassiliki Benetou, Koralia A Michail, Nikolaos Pantazis, Ioanna D Pavlopoulou
In Greece, the illegal dispensing of prescription-only medicines, including antibiotics, by pharmacies without the necessary medical prescription, remains standard practice (1,2). This has continued, despite the fact that the country has the highest rates of antibiotic consumption, both in hospitals and the community, as well as antibiotic resistance, compared to other European countries (3). The frequency of antibiotic administration without a prescription, and the factors associated with this practice, was evaluated in a sample of preschool children under the age of six years (range 10-65 months) in the Municipality of Athens, Greece...
March 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318753/-information-quality-and-health-risks-in-spanish-language-retail-websites-for-chinese-herbal-medicine
#15
Noelia Tejedor-García, Coral García-Pastor, Selma Benito-Martínez, Francisco Javier de Lucio-Cazaña
OBJECTIVE: The growing use of purchase online via Internet retailers favours the access to potentially toxic natural products. It also contributes to the quick dissemination of the claims made by the retailers on efficacy and safety, these claims being not always based upon reliable information. Here, we have conducted an online search to find Spanish-language retail websites for Chinese herbal medicine and we have analysed them for the quality of product information and the potential health risks...
March 16, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318181/risk-factors-associated-with-tobacco-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-adolescents-attending-secondary-school-in-three-cities-from-argentina
#16
Paola Morello, Adriana Pérez, Lorena Peña, Sandra N Braun, Christy Kollath-Cattano, James F Thrasher, James Sargent, Raúl Mejía
Tobacco, alcohol and drug use starts at an early age. It is important to identify risk factors associated with initiation. In 2014, a survey was conducted among students attending first year of secondary schools in Buenos Aires, Córdoba, and Tucumán. A total of 3172 students completed the survey (42% were girls); their mean age was 12.8 years old. Findings showed that 10% had smoked; 32% had consumed alcohol; 17% had a heavy drinking episode in the past month; and 8% had used at least one illegal drug once in their lifetime...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302153/students-as-effective-harm-reductionists-and-needle-exchange-organizers
#17
EDITORIAL
Kyle Barbour, Miriam McQuade, Brandon Brown
BACKGROUND: Needle exchange programs are safe, highly effective programs for promoting health among people who inject drugs. However, they remain poorly funded, and often illegal, in many places worldwide due to fear and stigma surrounding drug use. Continued advocacy, education, and implementation of new needle exchanges are thus essential to improve public health and reduce structural inequality. COMMENTARY: We argue that students, and especially professional and graduate students, have the potential to play an important role in advancing harm reduction...
March 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295787/an-exploratory-wastewater-analysis-study-of-drug-use-in-auckland-new-zealand
#18
Foon Yin Lai, Chris Wilkins, Phong Thai, Jochen F Mueller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: New Zealand is considered to have unusual drug use patterns by international standards. However, this understanding has largely been obtained from social surveys where respondents self-report use. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first wastewater study of drug use in Auckland. DESIGN AND METHODS: Wastewater sampling was completed from 2 May to 18 July 2014 at 2 Auckland wastewater treatment plants which service 1.3 million people. Samples were analysed for 17 drug residues by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
March 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293766/daily-grind-a-comparison-of-causality-orientations-emotions-and-fantasy-sport-participation
#19
Brendan Dwyer, James Weiner
In 2015, daily fantasy football entered the fantasy sports market as an offshoot of the traditional, season-long form of the game. With quicker payouts and less commitment, the new activity has drawn comparisons to other forms of illegal gambling, and the determination of whether it is a primarily a game of skill or chance has become the center of the comparison. For the most part, legal commentators and society, in general, views traditional, season-long fantasy football as an innocuous, social activity governed equally by both skill and chance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293261/determination-of-ten-corticosteroids-in-illegal-cosmetic-products-by-a-simple-rapid-and-high-performance-lc-ms-ms-method
#20
Vita Giaccone, Giuseppe Polizzotto, Andrea Macaluso, Gaetano Cammilleri, Vincenzo Ferrantelli
The aim of our present work was the development of a rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method with electrospray ionization and tandem mass spectrometry detection (LC-ESI-MS/MS) for the determination of several corticosteroids in cosmetic products. Corticosteroids are suspected to be illegally added in cosmetic preparations in order to enhance the curative effect against some skin diseases. Sample preparation step consists in a single extraction with acetonitrile followed by centrifugation and filtration...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
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