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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634332/predicting-the-potential-risk-area-of-illegal-vaccine-trade-in-china
#1
Yilan Liao, Yanhui Lei, Zhoupeng Ren, Huiyan Chen, Dongyue Li
Since the disclosure of the "Illegal vaccine operation series case in Jinan, Shandong" in March, 2016, this issue has attracted a great deal of attention and has led to public concerns about the safety and efficacy of the vaccines involved in this case. The main purpose of this paper is to scientifically and scrupulously predict the possible geographic distribution of illegal vaccines in China, and provide a foundation to guide future governmental policies and actions. A species distribution model was used because of the advantages of using presence/pseudo-absence or presence-only data, and it performs well with incomplete species distribution data...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633634/the-development-and-appraisal-of-a-tool-designed-to-find-patients-harmed-by-falsely-labelled-falsified-counterfeit-medicines
#2
Marija Anđelković, Einar Björnsson, Virgilio De Bono, Nenad Dikić, Katleen Devue, Daniel Ferlin, Miroslav Hanževački, Freyja Jónsdóttir, Mkrtich Shakaryan, Sabine Walser
BACKGROUND: Falsely labelled, falsified (counterfeit) medicines (FFCm's) are produced or distributed illegally and can harm patients. Although the occurrence of FFCm's is increasing in Europe, harm is rarely reported. The European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & Health-Care (EDQM) has therefore coordinated the development and validation of a screening tool. METHODS: The tool consists of a questionnaire referring to a watch-list of FFCm's identified in Europe, including symptoms of their use and individual risk factors, and a scoring form...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624673/a-geographical-analysis-of-trafficking-on-a-popular-darknet-market
#3
Julian Broséus, Damien Rhumorbarbe, Marie Morelato, Ludovic Staehli, Quentin Rossy
Cryptomarkets are online marketplaces, located on the darknet, that facilitate the trading of a variety of illegal goods, mostly drugs. While the literature essentially focus on drugs, various other goods and products related to financial or identity fraud, firearms, counterfeit goods, as well as doping products are also offered on these marketplaces. Through the analysis of relevant data collected on a popular marketplace in 2014-2015, Evolution, this research provides an analysis of the structure of trafficking (types and proportions of products, number of vendors and shipping countries)...
June 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624604/user-characteristics-and-effect-profile-of-butane-hash-oil-an-extremely-high-potency-cannabis-concentrate
#4
Gary C K Chan, Wayne Hall, Tom P Freeman, Jason Ferris, Adrian B Kelly, Adam Winstock
BACKGROUND: Recent reports suggest an increase in use of extremely potent cannabis concentrates such as Butane Hash Oil (BHO) in some developed countries. The aims of this study were to examine the characteristics of BHO users and the effect profiles of BHO. DESIGN: Anonymous online survey in over 20 countries in 2014 and 2015. Participants aged 18 years or older were recruited through onward promotion and online social networks. The overall sample size was 181,870...
June 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621556/exposure-to-sexual-stimuli-induces-greater-discounting-leading-to-increased-involvement-in-cyber-delinquency-among-men
#5
Wen Cheng, Wen-Bin Chiou
People frequently encounter sexual stimuli during Internet use. Research has shown that stimuli inducing sexual motivation can lead to greater impulsivity in men, as manifested in greater temporal discounting (i.e., a tendency to prefer smaller, immediate gains to larger, future ones). Extant findings in crime research suggest that delinquents tend to focus on short-term gains while failing to adequately think through the longer-term consequences of delinquent behavior. We experimentally tested the possibility that exposure to sexual stimuli is associated with the tendency to engage in cyber delinquency among men, as a result of their overly discounting remote consequences...
June 16, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616737/serum-concentrations-of-selected-organochlorine-pesticides-in-a-lebanese-population-and-their-associations-to-sociodemographic-anthropometric-and-dietary-factors-enasb-study
#6
Mireille Harmouche-Karaki, Joseph Matta, Khalil Helou, Yara Mahfouz, Nicole Fakhoury-Sayegh, Jean-François Narbonne
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were banned by the Stockholm Convention many years ago; however, they are still detected in the environment due to their high persistence, their current illegal use, and their import from countries where they have not been banned. We evaluated the serum concentrations of selected OCPs (hexachlorobenzene (HCB), β-hexachlorocyclohexanes (β-HCH), p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolite p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in a sample of Lebanese adults using gas chromatography coupled to an ion trap mass spectrometer detector...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613454/changes-in-undergraduates-marijuana-heavy-alcohol-and-cigarette-use-following-legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-use-in-oregon
#7
David C R Kerr, Harold Bae, Sandi Phibbs, Adam C Kern
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recreational marijuana legalization (RML) went into effect in Oregon in July 2015. RML is expected to influence marijuana use by adolescents and young adults in particular, and by those with a propensity for substance use. We sought to quantify changes in rates of marijuana use among college students in Oregon from pre- to post-RML relative to college students in other states across the same time period. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional survey data from the 2012-2016 administrations of the Healthy Minds Study...
June 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612683/determination-of-26-anti-diabetic-compounds-in-dietary-supplements-using-a-validated-uplc-method
#8
Nam Sook Kim, Kyu Yeon Kim, Geum Joo Yoo, Ji Hyun Lee, Han Na Park, Sung-Kwan Park, Sun Young Baek
The purpose of this study was to validate a rapid, simple, and accurate method using ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) for the simultaneous determination of 26 anti-diabetic compounds in illegally adulterated dietary supplements. The method was validated for specificity, linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantitation, precision, accuracy, recovery, and stability. All compounds were separated with a resolution of over 1.5. The limits of detection and quantitation were 0.10-1.70 and 0.30-5...
June 14, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#9
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609723/a-rural-urban-comparison-of-privacy-and-confidentiality-concerns-associated-with-providing-sensitive-location-information-in-epidemiologic-research-involving-persons-who-use-drugs
#10
Abby E Rudolph, April M Young, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND: Analyses that link contextual factors with individual-level data can improve our understanding of the "risk environment"; however, the accuracy of information provided by participants about locations where illegal/stigmatized behaviors occur may be influenced by privacy/confidentiality concerns that may vary by setting and/or data collection approach. METHODS: We recruited thirty-five persons who use drugs from a rural Appalachian town and a Mid-Atlantic city to participate in in-depth interviews...
June 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609224/towards-a-poststructural-understanding-of-abortion-and-social-class-in-england
#11
Gillian Love
Despite previous research suggesting that social class influences experiences of and attitudes to abortion, there is a dearth of research which studies the intersection of abortion and social class in England. Across the UK, abortion rates and experiences differ by region and socio-economic status, reflecting broader health inequalities. Contemporary austerity in the UK creates an imperative for new research which contextualises the experience of abortion within this socio-historical moment, and the worsening inequalities which have accompanied it...
June 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607917/thrombotic-microangiopathy-associated-with-synthetic-cannabinoid-receptor-agonists
#12
Michael Karass, Savneek Chugh, Gabriela Andries, Aleksandra Mamorska-Dyga, John C Nelson, Praveen N Chander
Marijuana is one of the most commonly used recreational drugs in the United States. As marijuana is illegal in the majority of countries, the use of readily available and unregulated synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs) has increased. Little is known about the potential adverse effects of SCBs especially in regards to their nephrotoxicity. Case reports of acute kidney injury (AKI) from acute tubular injury secondary to their use have been reported. However, the exact pathology, mechanism, and extent of renal injury remain unknown...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606338/forensic-intelligence-applied-to-questioned-document-analysis-a-model-and-its-application-against-organized-crime
#13
Josep De Alcaraz-Fossoul, Katherine A Roberts
The capability of forensic sciences to fight crime, especially against organized criminal groups, becomes relevant in the recent economic downturn and the war on terrorism. In view of these societal challenges, the methods of combating crime should experience critical changes in order to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the current resources available. It is obvious that authorities have serious difficulties combating criminal groups of transnational nature. These are characterized as well structured organizations with international connections, abundant financial resources and comprised of members with significant and diverse expertise...
July 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605853/assessing-drivers-of-benthic-macroinvertebrate-community-structure-in-african-highland-streams-an-exploration-using-multivariate-analysis
#14
Tatenda Dalu, Ryan J Wasserman, Jonathan D Tonkin, Mhairi E Alexander, Mwazvita T B Dalu, Samuel N Motitsoe, Kwanele I Manungo, Onias Bepe, Timothy Dube
Understanding the drivers of community structure is fundamental for adequately managing ecosystems under global change. Here we used a large dataset of eighty-four headwater stream sites in three catchments in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe, which represent a variety of abiotic conditions and levels of impairment, to examine the drivers of benthic macroinvertebrate community structure. We focused our assessment on macroinvertebrate family level community composition and functional feeding group classifications...
June 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#15
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602505/proposal-of-5-methoxy-n-methyl-n-isopropyltryptamine-consumption-biomarkers-through-identification-of-in-vivo-metabolites-from-mice
#16
D Fabregat-Safont, M Barneo-Muñoz, F Martinez-Garcia, J V Sancho, F Hernández, M Ibáñez
New psychoactive substances (NPS) are a new breed of synthetically produced substances designed to mimic the effects of traditional illegal drugs. Synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones are the two most common groups, which try to mimic the effects of the natural compounds (9)Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol and cathinone, respectively. Similarly, synthetic tryptamines are designer compounds which are based on the compounds psilocin, N,N-dimethyltryptamine and 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine found in some mushrooms...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601982/collision-induced-dissociation-pathways-of-h1-antihistamines-by-electrospray-ionization-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#17
Jung-Ah Do, Eunyoung Noh, Soon-Byung Yoon, Ji Hyun Lee, Sung-Kwan Park, Suresh Mandava, Sun Young Baek, Jongkook Lee
Over the past decades, mass spectrometry technologies have been developed to obtain mass accuracies of one ppm or less. Of the newly developed technologies, quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS) has emerged as being well suited to routine and high-throughput analyses of pharmaceuticals. Dietary supplements and functional foods have frequently been found to be contaminated with pharmaceuticals. In our continuous efforts to develop methodologies to protect public health against adulterated dietary supplements, we have constructed a mass spectral database for 21 H1-antihistamines encountered as adulterants by using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization (LC-ESI)/Q-TOF-MS, and have proposed their possible collision-induced dissociation pathways...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599765/don-t-ask-or-tell-pay-secrecy-policies-in-u-s-workplaces
#18
Jake Rosenfeld
How widespread are workplace rules against discussing wages and salaries in the U.S.? And what are the core correlates of whether or not an employer prohibits or discourages this type of speech? Using a unique dataset that includes a measure of whether workers are prohibited or discouraged from discussing pay, this article investigates the prevalence of pay secrecy policies, and what worker- and workplace-level characteristics are associated with these rules. Key findings reveal that these policies are commonplace, despite being illegal, and that they are concentrated in more "coercive" rather than "enabling" organizations...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598528/use-of-radar-detectors-to-track-attendance-of-albatrosses-at-fishing-vessels
#19
H Weimerskirch, D P Filippi, J Collet, S M Waugh, S C Patrick
Despite international waters covering over 60% of the world's oceans, our understanding of how fisheries in these regions shape ecosystem processes is surprisingly poor. Seabirds are known to forage at fishing vessels, with potential deleterious effects for their population, but the extent of overlap and behavior in relation to ships are poorly known. Using novel biologging devices, which can detect radar emissions to record the position of boats and seabirds, we measured the true extent of the overlap between seabirds and fishing vessels, and generated estimates of the intensity of fishing and distribution of vessels in international waters...
June 9, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597921/feasibility-of-canine-detection-of-mass-storage-devices-a-study-of-volatile-organic-compounds-emanating-from-electronic-devices-using-solid-phase-microextraction
#20
Lauryn E DeGreeff, Michelle Cerreta, Mark Rispoli
Detection of canines are well-known to be valuable in the location of contraband, such as explosives or narcotics. More recently, canines have been trained and utilized in the detection of concealed mass storage devices that might contain evidence of illegal activity such as child pornography. To lay the analytical foundation for this detection work, research was carried out to determine the volatile organic compounds associated with mass storage devices (MSD) that could be used by trained canines for detection...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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