keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

illegal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333873/survey-regarding-the-05-blood-alcohol-concentration-limit-for-driving-in-the-united-states
#1
Dary D Fiorentino, Brian D Martin
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT Background: On May 14, 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board ("NTSB") proposed that states lower the blood alcohol concentration ("BAC") illegal limit from .08 g/dL to .05 g/dL (also referred to as the ".08 law" and "the .05 limit," respectively). In March of 2017, this recommendation was signed into law in the State of Utah. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this survey is to investigate perceptions regarding enforcement of the .05 g/dL BAC limit. METHOD: Opinions of law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and defense attorneys were obtained through a series of questionnaires and focus groups...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329793/drug-use-family-support-and-related-factors-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-unihcos-project-data
#2
Jorge Arias-De la Torre, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio José Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José María Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Ana Almaraz, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez-Abellán, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Luis Félix Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328078/special-ciphertext-only-attack-to-double-random-phase-encryption-by-plaintext-shifting-with-speckle-correlation
#3
Shuming Jiao, Guowei Li, Changyuan Zhou, Wenbin Zou, Xia Li
In this paper, a special ciphertext-only attack (COA) scenario to the traditional double random phase encoding (DRPE) technique is proposed based on plaintext shifting. We assume the attacker can illegally manipulate the DRPE system to gain multiple ciphertexts from randomly shifted versions of the same plaintext. The plaintext image can be recovered when our proposed scenario is combined with a speckle correlation attacking method proposed in previous work. Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed scheme can successfully crack the DRPE system even when the speckle correlation method alone fails to work in the conventional single ciphertext scenario due to the small size of the plaintext image...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325708/promising-roles-for-pharmacists-in-addressing-the-u-s-opioid-crisis
#4
Wilson M Compton, Christopher M Jones, Jack B Stein, Eric M Wargo
Overdoses of prescription or illicit opioids claimed the lives of 116 Americans each day in 2016, and the crisis continues to escalate. As healthcare systems evolve to address the crisis, the potential of pharmacists to make a positive difference is significant. In addition to utilizing available prescription drug monitoring programs to help prevent diversion of opioids, practicing pharmacists can be alert for signs of opioid misuse by patients (e.g., multiple prescriptions from different physicians) as well as inappropriate prescribing or hazardous drug combinations that physicians may not be aware of (e...
December 31, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321885/climate-change-affecting-oil-palm-agronomy-and-oil-palm-cultivation-increasing-climate-change-require-amelioration
#5
REVIEW
R Russell M Paterson, Nelson Lima
Palm oil is used in various valued commodities and is a large global industry worth over US$ 50 billion annually. Oil palms (OP) are grown commercially in Indonesia and Malaysia and other countries within Latin America and Africa. The large-scale land-use change has high ecological, economic, and social impacts. Tropical countries in particular are affected negatively by climate change (CC) which also has a detrimental impact on OP agronomy, whereas the cultivation of OP increases CC. Amelioration of both is required...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320415/heavy-environmental-pressure-in-campania-and-other-italian-regions-a-short-review-of-available-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Alfredo Mazza, Prisco Piscitelli, Andrea Falco, Maria Lucia Santoro, Manuela Colangelo, Giovanni Imbriani, Adele Idolo, Antonella De Donno, Leopoldo Iannuzzi, Annamaria Colao
The area of Naples and Campania region, in Italy, are experiencing the dramatic consequences of diffuse and illegal waste dumping, resulting in possible threats to human health. This area has been referred to as the "Land of Fires" because of the common practice of waste burning. International interest in the Campania "waste emergency" has triggered several epidemiological studies. This article is aimed at highlighting the body of evidence available concerning human and environmental contamination in the Campania region, and considers the possible lack of comparable knowledge about the situation in other areas suffering from high environmental pollution...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319805/the-captive-brain-torture-and-the-neuroscience-of-humane-interrogation
#7
Shane O'Mara
Despite it being abhorrent and illegal, torture is sometimes employed for information gathering. However, the extreme stressors employed during torture force the brain away from the relatively narrow, adaptive range of function it operates within. Torture degrades signal-to-noise ratios of information yield, and increases false positive discovery rates. As a discovery methodology, torture fails basic tests of veridical, reliable, and replicable information discovery. Torture fails during interrogation because it is an assault on our core integrated, social, psychological, and neural functioning...
January 3, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315337/correction-exploitation-rates-of-two-benthic-resources-across-management-regimes-in-central-chile-evidence-of-illegal-fishing-in-artisanal-fisheries-operating-in-open-access-areas
#8
Miguel Andreu-Cazenave, Maria Dulce Subida, Miriam Fernandez
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180012.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314518/adult-consequences-of-prenatal-drug-exposure
#9
Ju Lee Oei
Maternal drug use is not new but over the last few decades, the number of mothers using drugs of addiction has escalated to epidemic levels. These drugs are both legal (e.g. prescription medication) and illegal (e.g. heroin) and all will cross the placental barrier into the developing infant. The most immediate and obvious consequence of intra-uterine drug exposure is newborn withdrawal or the Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) which is now, with prompt recognition and treatment, an uncommon cause of neonatal death...
January 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307046/a-study-on-the-use-and-modeling-of-geographical-information-system-for-combating-forest-crimes-an-assessment-of-crimes-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-forests
#10
Mehmet Pak, Sercan Gülci, Arif Okumuş
This study focuses on the geo-statistical assessment of spatial estimation models in forest crimes. Used widely in the assessment of crime and crime-dependent variables, geographic information system (GIS) helps the detection of forest crimes in rural regions. In this study, forest crimes (forest encroachment, illegal use, illegal timber logging, etc.) are assessed holistically and modeling was performed with ten different independent variables in GIS environment. The research areas are three Forest Enterprise Chiefs (Baskonus, Cinarpinar, and Hartlap) affiliated to Kahramanmaras Forest Regional Directorate in Kahramanmaras...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306816/-you-got-to-love-rosin-solventless-dabs-pure-clean-natural-medicine-exploring-twitter-data-on-emerging-trends-in-rosin-tech-marijuana-concentrates
#11
Francois R Lamy, Raminta Daniulaityte, Mussah Zatreh, Ramzi W Nahhas, Amit Sheth, Silvia S Martins, Edward W Boyer, Robert G Carlson
BACKGROUND: "Rosin tech" is an emerging solventless method consisting in applying moderate heat and constant pressure on marijuana flowers to prepare marijuana concentrates referred to as "rosin." This paper explores rosin concentrate-related Twitter data to describe tweet content and analyze differences in rosin-related tweeting across states with varying cannabis legal statuses. METHOD: English language tweets were collected between March 15, 2015 and April 17, 2017, using Twitter API...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305652/-doping-with-illegal-and-legal-substances-in-old-age
#12
REVIEW
Thomas Münzer
The number of old persons who participate in sports and can even achieve peak performances is increasing steadily. Normal aging, however, is associated with decreased muscle strength and a decline in cardiovascular endurance even in those persons who regularly participate in sports. Thus, it seems obvious to impact on muscle mass and muscle strength by using anabolic substances. The number of older persons who illegally use doping substances is currently unknown. Besides classical anabolic drugs, other proteins and amino acids are used to impact on muscle mass or strength...
January 5, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304792/aberrant-use-and-poor-quality-of-trypanocides-a-risk-for-drug-resistance-in-south-western-ethiopia
#13
T Tekle, G Terefe, T Cherenet, H Ashenafi, K G Akoda, A Teko-Agbo, J Van Den Abbeele, G Gari, P-H Clausen, A Hoppenheit, R C Mattioli, R Peter, T Marcotty, G Cecchi, V Delespaux
BACKGROUND: Trypanocidal drugs have been used to control African animal trypanosomosis for several decades. In Ethiopia, these drugs are available from both authorized (legal) and unauthorized (illegal) sources but documentation on utilization practices and quality of circulating products is scanty. This study looked at the practices of trypanocidal drug utilization by farmers and the integrity of active ingredient in trypanocides sold in Gurage zone, south western Ethiopia. The surveys were based on a structured questionnaire and drug quality determination of commonly used brands originating from European and Asian companies and sold at both authorized and unauthorized markets...
January 5, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302776/epidemiological-situation-of-transboundary-animal-diseases-in-north-african-countries-proposition-of-a-regional-control-strategy
#14
REVIEW
Moustafa Kardjadj
The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) defined transboundary animal diseases (TADs) as those that are of significant economic, trade, and food security importance for a considerable number of countries. TADs can easily spread to other countries, reach epidemic proportions, and where control, management, or exclusion is required cooperation between several countries. The North African countries are vulnerable to several TADs by virtue of its geographical location, its borders with the Sahel region, and peculiar control constraints on the budgets of the national veterinary services of each country and on the livelihoods of livestock owners across the region...
January 5, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302613/the-risk-of-female-genital-cutting-in-europe-comparing-immigrant-attitudes-toward-uncut-girls-with-attitudes-in-a-practicing-country
#15
Sonja Vogt, Charles Efferson, Ernst Fehr
Worldwide, an estimated 200 million girls and women have been subjected to female genital cutting. Female genital cutting is defined as an intentional injury to the female genitalia without medical justification. The practice occurs in at least 29 countries in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. In addition, globalization and migration have brought immigrants from countries where cutting is commonly practiced to countries where cutting is not traditionally practiced and may even be illegal. In countries receiving immigrants, governments and development agencies would like to know if girls with parents who immigrated from practicing countries are at risk of being cut...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300122/characterizing-blunt-smokers-by-their-acquisition-of-cannabis
#16
David S Timberlake
BACKGROUND: Ethnographers have reported that young, urban males embraced blunt smoking in response to the crack cocaine epidemic that ravaged their neighborhoods in the 1980s. But, recent survey data has indicated high rates of other illicit drug use among blunt smokers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the association between blunt smoking and cannabis acquisition as a potential explanation for the correlation with other illicit drug use. METHODS: The sample consisted of participants from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) who reported use of cannabis or blunts in the prior month (n = 6,040)...
January 4, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299626/top-down-bottom-up-and-sideways-the-multilayered-complexities-of-multi-level-actors-shaping-forest-governance-and-redd-arrangements-in-madre-de-dios-peru
#17
Dawn Rodriguez-Ward, Anne M Larson, Harold Gordillo Ruesta
This study examines the role multilevel governance plays in the adoption of sustainable landscape management initiatives in emerging arrangements aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). It sheds light on the challenges these multiple layers of actors and interests encounter around such alternatives in a subnational jurisdiction. Through transcript analysis of 93 interviews with institutional actors in the region of Madre de Dios, Peru, particularly with regard to five sites of land-use change, we identified the multiple actors who are included and excluded in the decision-making process and uncovered their complex interactions in forest and landscape governance and REDD+ arrangements...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299396/characterization-of-microsatellite-primers-in-the-endangered-orchid-phaius-australis-and-cross-amplification-to-p-bernaysii-orchidaceae
#18
Catherine L Simmons, Robert W Lamont, Alison Shapcott
Premise of the study: The swamp orchid, Phaius australis (Orchidaceae), is nationally endangered due to illegal collection and habitat loss and fragmentation, resulting in a disjunct distribution in spring and coastal wetland ecotones along Australia's east coast. Polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed to study genetic diversity and population structure for conservation and restoration purposes. Methods and Results: Illumina HiSeq high-throughput sequencing was used to develop 15 nuclear microsatellite markers, including 10 polymorphic markers for P...
December 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299273/does-forest-extent-affect-salamander-survival-evidence-from-a-long-term-demographic-study-of-a-tropical-newt
#19
Anthony Lau, Nancy E Karraker, David Dudgeon
Forest loss has been associated with reduced survival in many vertebrates, and previous research on amphibians has mostly focused on effects at early life stages. Paramesotriton hongkongensis is a tropical newt that breeds in streams but spends up to 10 months per year in terrestrial habitats. Populations are threatened by habitat degradation and collection for the pet trade, but the cryptic terrestrial lifestyle of this newt has limited our understanding of its population ecology, which inhibits development of a species-specific conservation plan...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297799/health-assessment-of-captive-psittacine-species-in-prerelease-programs-at-costa-rican-rescue-centers
#20
Esteban Mora-Chavarría, Rodolfo Umaña-Castro, Noha Abou-Madi, Stefany Solano-González, Mónica Retamosa-Izaguirre, Mauricio Jiménez-Soto, Kinndle Blanco-Peña
With stricter laws regulating the capture and possession of wild animals in Costa Rica, local wildlife-rescue centers have been overwhelmed by an influx of confiscated or relinquished illegal pets, specifically of psittacine species. As part of a nationwide health-assessment program targeting these centers, 122 birds representing five psittacine species ( Ara macao, Amazona autumnalis, Amazona auropalliata, Amazona farinosa, Aratinga finschi) and one hybrid macaw ( Ara macao × Ara ambiguus) were examined and tested between January 2011 and October 2012...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
keyword
keyword
97562
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"