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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926943/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#1
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926937/occlusal-trauma-and-excessive-occlusal-forces-narrative-review-case-definitions-and-diagnostic-considerations
#2
Jingyuan Fan, Jack G Caton
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review determines the effects of occlusal trauma and excessive occlusal forces on the periodontium, including the initiation and progression of periodontitis, abfraction, and gingival recession. Case definitions, diagnostic considerations, and the effects of occlusal therapy are also reviewed and discussed. IMPORTANCE: The role of occlusal trauma in the initiation and progression of periodontitis remains a controversial subject in periodontology...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926571/-acute-limb-ischemia
#3
Damme H Van, E Boesmans, J O Defraigne
Despite major advances in the contemporary management of peripheral arterial occlusive disease, acute ischemia of the lower limb is still characterized by an important morbidity, limb threat, and mortality, and continues to pose a challenge to the vascular surgeon. Ageing of the population increases the prevalence of acute lower limb ischemia. The two principal etiologies of acute ischemia of the lower limbs are arterial embolism and in situ thrombosis of an atherosclerotic artery or of a bypass graft. Popliteal aneurysm thrombosis and vascular trauma are less common causes of severe limb ischemia...
May 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926500/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#4
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926498/occlusal-trauma-and-excessive-occlusal-forces-narrative-review-case-definitions-and-diagnostic-considerations
#5
Jingyuan Fan, Jack G Caton
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review determines the effects of occlusal trauma and excessive occlusal forces on the periodontium, including the initiation and progression of periodontitis, abfraction, and gingival recession. Case definitions, diagnostic considerations, and the effects of occlusal therapy are also reviewed and discussed. IMPORTANCE: The role of occlusal trauma in the initiation and progression of periodontitis remains a controversial subject in periodontology...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925721/traumatic-basilar-artery-entrapment-without-longitudinal-clivus-fracture-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ayumu Yamaoka, Kei Miyata, Naofumi Bunya, Hirotoshi Mizuno, Hideto Irifune, Naoya Yama, Yukinori Akiyama, Takeshi Mikami, Masahiko Wanibuchi, Nobuhiro Mikuni
In blunt cerebrovascular injury, reported traumatic basilar artery occlusions have involved dissection of the basilar artery, distal embolization due to traumatic vertebral artery dissection, or entrapment of the basilar artery into the clivus fracture. To date, however, there are no reports of traumatic basilar artery entrapment without a clivus fracture. Here, we report the first case of traumatic basilar artery occlusion caused by entrapment into an originally existing bone defect. A 67-year-old man with a history of treatment for intracranial aneurysm suffered multiple traumatic injuries in a fall...
June 20, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925719/endovascular-intervention-in-basilar-artery-entrapment-within-the-longitudinal-clivus-fracture-a-case-report
#7
Fumiaki Kanamori, Takashi Yamanouchi, Yuya Kano, Naoki Koketsu
Although vascular complications after head trauma is well recognized, basilar artery entrapment within the longitudinal clivus fracture is rare. A 69-year-old man presented with progressive disturbance of consciousness and right hemiplegia after trauma. Computed tomography scan showed a right-sided acute subdural hematoma and multiple skull fractures, including a longitudinal clivus fracture. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed basilar artery occlusion and a small infarction at the ventral part of the pons...
June 20, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922894/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-for-non-traumatic-intra-abdominal-hemorrhage
#8
Melanie R Hoehn, Natasha Z Hansraj, Amelia M Pasley, Megan Brenner, Samantha R Cox, Jason D Pasley, Jose J Diaz, Thomas Scalea
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock is the second leading cause of death in blunt trauma and a significant cause of mortality in non-trauma patients. The increased use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) as a bridge to definitive control for massive hemorrhage has provided promising results in the trauma population. We describe an extension of this procedure to our hemodynamically unstable non-trauma patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients requiring REBOA for end stage non-traumatic abdominal hemorrhage from our tertiary care facility...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912834/vestibular-outcomes-in-bilateral-posterior-semicircular-canal-occlusion-for-refractory-benign-positional-vertigo
#9
Simon D Carr, John A Rutka
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) occlusion is a successful treatment of bilateral benign positional vertigo (BPV) refractory to particle repositioning manoeuvers. Little about the effects on the vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) postoperatively, which is the intent of this study. METHODS: All patients who underwent bilateral posterior canal occlusion for BPV at the University Health Network by the senior author (J.A.R.) between 2001 and 2017 with pre- and postoperative vestibular testing were included in the study...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910169/proximal-embolization-of-splenic-artery-in-acute-trauma-comparison-between-penumbra-occlusion-device-versus-coils-or-amplatzer-vascular-plug
#10
E Jambon, A Hocquelet, F Petitpierre, Y Le Bras, C Marcelin, V Dubuisson, N Grenier, F Cornelis
PURPOSE: To compare intervention duration and fluoroscopy time for proximal embolization of splenic arteries in acute trauma using the Penumbra occlusion device (POD® ), coils or Amplatzer™ vascular plug (AVP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 29 patients with splenic injury without vascular injury who were treated by proximal splenic artery embolization using POD® (n=12), coils (n=9) or AVP (n=8) were retrospectively included. There were 25 men and 4 women with a median age of 34 years (range: 10-69 years)...
June 14, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901543/early-arterial-access-for-reboa-is-related-to-survival-outcome-in-trauma
#11
Yosuke Matsumura, Junichi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Kondo, Koji Idoguchi, Tokiya Ishida, Yohei Okada, Yuri Kon, Kazuyuki Oka, Kenichiro Ishida, Yukitoshi Toyoda, Tomohiro Funabiki
INTRODUCTION: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been employed in refractory hemorrhagic shock patients. Since the optimal timing of arterial access remains unclear, we evaluated the pre-occlusion status of patients and elapsed time from the arrival to the hospital are associated with the survival outcomes in the REBOA patients. METHODS: From August 2011-December 2016, The DIRECT-IABO investigators registered refractory hemorrhagic shock patients undergoing REBOA from 23 hospitals in Japan...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901090/il%C3%A2-1%C3%AE-and-tnf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-suppress-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-promoted-ngf-expression-in-periodontal-ligament%C3%A2-derived-fibroblasts-through-inactivation-of-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-induced-smad2-3%C3%A2-and-p38-mapk%C3%A2-mediated-signals
#12
Maiko Ohta, Naoyuki Chosa, Seiko Kyakumoto, Seiji Yokota, Naoto Okubo, Akira Nemoto, Masaharu Kamo, Shigeharu Joh, Kenichi Satoh, Akira Ishisaki
Mechanosensitive (MS) neurons in the periodontal ligament (PDL) pass information to the trigeminal ganglion when excited by mechanical stimulation of the tooth. During occlusal tooth trauma of PDL tissues, MS neurons are injured, resulting in atrophic neurites and eventual degeneration of MS neurons. Nerve growth factor (NGF), a neurotrophic factor, serves important roles in the regeneration of injured sensory neurons. In the present study, the effect of pro‑inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin 1β (IL‑1β) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF‑α), on transforming growth factor β1 (TGF‑β1)‑induced NGF expression was evaluated in rat PDL‑derived SCDC2 cells...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889964/methods-for-early-control-of-abdominal-hemorrhage-an-assessment-of-potential-benefit
#13
Paul M Cantle, Matthew J Hurley, Michael D Swartz, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Noncompressible truncal hemorrhage (NCTH) after injury is associated with a mortality increase that is unchanged during the past 20 years. Current treatment consists of rapid transport and emergent intervention. Three early hemorrhage control interventions that may improve survival are placement of a resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), injection of intracavitary self-expanding foam, and application of the Abdominal Aortic Junctional Tourniquet (AAJT™)...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885465/rna-sequencing-reveals-target-genes-of-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-in-rats-after-the-treatment-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound
#14
Dong He, Yanxin An, Yanhua Li, Jing Wang, Gaoyi Wu, Lei Chen, Guoxiong Zhu
PURPOSE: To explore the potential molecular mechanism of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in the treatment of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA), and identify the target genes for therapy of TMJ-OA. METHODS: Rat TMJ-OA was induced by unilateral occlusal trauma (UOT). At 8 weeks, the experimental group rats were treated by LIPUS for 4 weeks (5 days every week). The cartilage was examined by histological techniques. Gene expression profile in control, placebo and LIPUS-treated group were measured by RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq)...
June 6, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878165/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-children-with-excessive-overjet-or-unilateral-posterior-crossbite-with-functional-shift-compared-to-children-with-no-or-mild-orthodontic-treatment-need
#15
Jenny Kallunki, Ola Sollenius, Liselotte Paulsson, Sofia Petrén, Lillemor Dimberg, Lars Bondemark
Objectives: To compare Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 9-year-old children with excessive overjet (EO) to children with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPC) and children with normal occlusion (NO). Materials and methods: The study sample sourced from 19 Public Dental Service Clinics in Sweden. Reported are baseline data originating from two controlled trials, one regarding UPC and the other focusing on EO. The NO children derive from the same trials...
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877971/chronic-intraocular-inflammation-as-a-risk-factor-for-xen-gel-stent-occlusion-a-case-of-microscopic-examination-of-a-fibrin-obstructed-xen-stent
#16
Kevin Gillmann, Kaweh Mansouri, Giorgio Enrico Bravetti, André Mermoud
INTRODUCTION: In recent years microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has risen in popularity. Amongst MIGS options is the XEN gel stent (Allergan Plc, Dublin, Ireland), a 45▒μm wide ab-interno microstent. It has proven effective in lowering IOP with low complication rates. However, XEN gel stents can become obstructed and cause postoperative rise in IOP. The causes and predicting factors for such obstructions still requires further research. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 69-year old male patient, with traumatic glaucoma and chronic intraocular inflammation demonstrated by laser flare photometry, following childhood trauma and anterior segment surgery...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875556/the-relevance-of-root-s-convergence-with-trauma-from-occlusion
#17
Wita Anggraini, Sri Lelyati C Masulili, Robert Lessang
Background: The relevance of root's convergence with trauma from occlusion has not been widely studied. Anatomically, alveolar bone support can be divided into several levels. The root which is convergent gives a critical mass of alveolar bone support to the teeth so that it is inadequate to stabilize the tooth. Aims: The purpose of the study is to observe the relevance of root's convergence with traumatic from occlusion. Settings and Design: This was an observational retrospective design...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862194/central-retinal-artery-occlusion-and-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-following-blunt-ocular-trauma
#18
Jasmin Zvorničanin, Ferenc Kuhn, Meliha Halilbašić, Zlatko Mušanović
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850283/pain-management-associated-with-posttraumatic-unilateral-temporomandibular-joint-anterior-disc-displacement-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Andrea Gómez-González, Adriana Torre-Delgadillo, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
The aim of the present article is to review the etiological risk factors and the general and oral management of anterior disc displacement with reduction caused by a chin trauma, and to describe the diagnostic process and the treatment provided to an affected 7-year-old girl. The patient also experienced frequent and severe cephaleas, which may be related to cervical vertebrae deviation. The patient was successfully treated with an intraoral occlusal splint and analgesics. Pediatric dentists must always be aware of the early signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders in their patients, especially in cases of orofacial trauma history, with the aim of providing an opportune resolution and preventing its progression later in life...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799372/approach-to-the-patient-with-disproportionate-pain
#20
Diana C Patterson, Ronald P Grelsamer
Faced with a patient who presents with unexplained disproportionate pain, a surgeon may be tempted to diagnose a low pain threshold, malingering, poor coping, anxiety, or other emotional condition. However, a variety of conditions must be ruled out before the orthopedist can prescribe watchful waiting. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can detect occult fractures, acute spinal conditions or vascular occlusions, but early on are inadequate to diagnose a compartment syndrome, necrotizing fasciitis, or reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)...
June 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
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