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Salmonella kentucky

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800246/risk-of-salmonellosis-from-chicken-parts-prepared-from-whole-chickens-sold-in-flow-pack-wrappers-and-subjected-to-temperature-abuse
#1
T P Oscar
The flow pack wrapper is a popular packaging choice for retail sale of whole chickens. However, it may provide a favorable environment for growth and spread of Salmonella within the package, leading to an outbreak of salmonellosis. To investigate this possibility, a process risk model was developed that predicted the risk of salmonellosis from chicken parts prepared from whole chickens sold in flow pack wrappers and subjected to proper storage (6 h at 4°C) or improper storage (72 h at 15°C) before preparation...
September 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558253/sugar-sulfates-are-not-hydrolyzed-by-the-acid-inducible-sulfatase-asla-from-salmonella-enterica-enteritidis-nal-r-and-kentucky-3795-at-ph-5-5
#2
Arpeeta Ganguly, Rolf D Joerger
The open reading frames SEN0085 and SeKA_A4361, from Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis Nal(R) and serovar Kentucky 3795, respectively, corresponding to the acid-inducible sulfatase gene aslA from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, were previously suggested by microarray analysis to be differentially expressed under acid conditions. However, growth and enzyme activity tests in the present study demonstrated that both wild-type strains exhibited sulfatase activity with 4-nitrophenyl sulfate and 5-bromo-4-chloro-3 indolyl sulfate at pH 5...
May 30, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526020/salmonella-serotypes-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from feces of apparently healthy dogs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. RESULTS: Of the total 360 dogs examined, 42 (11.7%; 95% Confidence limit of 8...
May 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506272/prevalence-and-clonal-relationship-of-esbl-producing-salmonella-strains-from-humans-and-poultry-in-northeastern-algeria
#4
Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal, Jean-Marc Rolain
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluate the relationship between avian and human Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates. Salmonella was screened in different sample matrices collected at thirty-two chicken farms and five slaughterhouses. The human isolates were recovered from clinical specimens at the University Teaching Hospital of Constantine (UTH)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488474/prevalence-of-salmonella-spp-in-environmental-samples-from-table-egg-barns-in-alberta
#5
Joan A St Amand, Rashed Cassis, Robin K King, Colleen B Annett Christianson
Some Salmonella spp. are zoonotic, a frequent cause of food borne illness in Canada, and known to infect humans through contaminated poultry and poultry products. Certain serotypes of Salmonella spp. have been demonstrated to be vertically transmitted from hen to egg. The incidence of Salmonella spp. isolation in the flock has been correlated to its isolation from the environment. Twenty-one producers were enrolled in this study to examine the occurrence of Salmonella spp. in 48 table egg layer flocks housed in 35 barns in Alberta...
May 10, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481935/genotypic-and-phenotypic-characterization-of-multidrug-resistant-salmonella-typhimurium-and-salmonella-kentucky-strains-recovered-from-chicken-carcasses
#6
Rizwana Tasmin, Nur A Hasan, Christopher J Grim, Ar'Quette Grant, Seon Young Choi, M Samiul Alam, Rebecca Bell, Christopher Cavanaugh, Kannan V Balan, Uma S Babu, Salina Parveen
Salmonella Typhimurium is the leading cause of human non-typhoidal gastroenteritis in the US. S. Kentucky is one the most commonly recovered serovars from commercially processed poultry carcasses. This study compared the genotypic and phenotypic properties of two Salmonella enterica strains Typhimurium (ST221_31B) and Kentucky (SK222_32B) recovered from commercially processed chicken carcasses using whole genome sequencing, phenotype characterizations and an intracellular killing assay. Illumina MiSeq platform was used for sequencing of two Salmonella genomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463083/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolates-from-chicken-carcasses-in-retail-markets-in-yangon-myanmar
#7
Aung Zaw Moe, Peter Paulsen, Duangporn Pichpol, Reinhard Fries, Herlinde Irsigler, Maximilian P O Baumann, Kyaw Naing Oo
A cross-sectional investigation was conducted concerning prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, multidrug resistance patterns, and serovar diversity of Salmonella in chicken meat sold at retail in Yangon, Myanmar. The 141 chicken meat samples were collected at 141 retail markets in the Yangon Region, Myanmar, 1 November 2014 to 31 March 2015. Information on hygienic practices (potential risk factors) was retrieved via checklists. Salmonella was isolated and identified according to International Organization for Standardization methods (ISO 6579:2002) with minor modifications...
June 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459231/salmonella-kentucky-antimicrobial-resistance-and-molecular-analysis-of-clinical-animal-and-environment-isolates-morocco
#8
Bouchra Karraouan, Nadia Ziyate, Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Nadia Amajoud, Rachid Boutaib, Abdellah Akil, Abdellah El Allaoui, Hicham El Ossmani, Khalid Zerouali, Naima Elmdaghri, Brahim Bouchrif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381209/supplemental-invasion-of-salmonella-from-the-perspective-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-kentucky-and-typhimurium
#9
Kevin Howe, Sanaz Salehi, R Hartford Bailey, John P Brooks, Robert Wills, Mark L Lawrence, Attila Karsi
BACKGROUND: Critical to the development of Salmonellosis in humans is the interaction of the bacterium with the epithelial lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Traditional scientific reasoning held type III secretion system (T3SS) as the virulence factor responsible for bacterial invasion. In this study, field-isolated Salmonella enterica serovar Kentucky and a known human pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium were mutated and evaluated for the invasion of human colorectal adenocarcinoma epithelial cells...
April 5, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340000/effects-of-feeding-original-xpc%C3%A2-to-broilers-with-a-live-coccidiosis-vaccine-under-industry-conditions-part-1-growth-performance-and-salmonella-inhibition
#10
S M Roto, S H Park, S I Lee, P Kaldhone, H O Pavlidis, S B Frankenbach, D R McIntyre, K Striplin, L Brammer, S C Ricke
Supplementation of poultry diets with Diamond V Original XPC™ (XPC) has been proposed as a means to ameliorate the commonly observed loss of appetite and depression of growth in birds given a live coccidiosis vaccine. A study was conducted to compare the effects on bird performance of a live coccidiosis vaccine in broilers, with and without the dietary inclusion of XPC (1.25 g/kg). Ross 708 male broilers (n = 1,280) were allocated to one of 4 feed treatments: cocci-vaccine (T1), cocci-vaccine + XPC (T2), cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet only, (T3), and cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet + XPC (T4)...
June 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302786/genome-sequences-of-four-nonhuman-nonclinical-salmonella-enterica-serovar-kentucky-st198-isolates-recovered-between-1972-and-1973
#11
Seon-Woo Kim, Bradd J Haley, Dwayne Roberson, Marc Allard, Thomas S Hammack, Eric W Brown, Jo Ann S Van Kessel
Salmonella enterica serovar Kentucky is a polyphyletic member of S. enterica subclade A1 with multiple sequence types that often colonize the same hosts but in different frequencies on different continents. To evaluate the genomic features involved in S Kentucky host specificity, we sequenced the genomes of four isolates recovered in the 1970s.
March 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278292/salmonella-serovars-and-their-distribution-in-nigerian-commercial-chicken-layer-farms
#12
Idowu Oluwabunmi Fagbamila, Lisa Barco, Marzia Mancin, Jacob Kwaga, Sati Samuel Ngulukun, Paola Zavagnin, Antonia Anna Lettini, Monica Lorenzetto, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Junaidu Kabir, Jarlath Umoh, Antonia Ricci, Maryam Muhammad
Commercial poultry farms (n° 523), located in all the six regions of Nigeria were sampled with a view to generate baseline information about the distribution of Salmonella serovars in this country. Five different matrices (litter, dust, faeces, feed and water) were collected from each visited farm. Salmonella was isolated from at least one of the five matrices in 228 farms, with a farm prevalence of 43.6% (CI95[39.7-48.3%]). Altogether, 370 of 2615 samples collected (14.1%, CI95[12.8; 15.5%]) contained Salmonella...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258000/prevalence-molecular-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-sausages-in-meknes-morocco
#13
Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Bouchra Karraouan, Abdellah El Allaoui, Amal Aboulkacem, Brahim Bouchrif
Salmonella is among the most important food borne pathogens worldwide contaminating a wide range of animal products including meat products. The aims of this study go through two steps: The first step is to estimate the proportion of sausages products contaminated with Salmonella in Meknes city (Morocco), which were collected from various shopping sites: butchery, street vendors, supermarket and souk (Weekly market combines the population of the small villages around Meknes city). The second one is to identify serovars, to determine the antimicrobials resistance patterns of isolates and to detect the invA and spvC genes...
April 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248674/prevalence-serotype-distribution-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-food-products-in-morocco
#14
Nadia Amajoud, Brahim Bouchrif, Mohammed El Maadoudi, Nadia Skalli Senhaji, Bouchra Karraouan, Abdeltif El Harsal, Jamal El Abrini
INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases worldwide. The irrational use of antibiotics in medicine and in animal feed has greatly promoted the emergence and spread of resistant strains of non-typhoidal Salmonella. METHODOLOGY: A total of 464 food products were collected in Tetouan from January 2010 to December 2012. The isolation and identification of Salmonella were performed according to Moroccan standard 08.0.116. All isolates were serotyped and were then tested for antibiotic resistance using the disk diffusion method...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160117/characterization-of-salmonella-spp-from-wastewater-used-for-food-production-in-morogoro-tanzania
#15
Ofred J Mhongole, Robinson H Mdegela, Lughano J M Kusiluka, Anita Forslund, Anders Dalsgaard
Wastewater use for crop irrigation and aquaculture is commonly practiced by communities situated close to wastewater treatment ponds. The objective of this study was to characterize Salmonella spp. and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among isolates from wastewater and Tilapia fish. A total of 123 Salmonella spp. isolates were isolated from 52 water and 21 fish intestinal samples. Genotyping of Salmonella spp. isolates was done by Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done by the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) technique...
March 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137797/a-whole-genome-sequencing-approach-to-study-cefoxitin-resistant-salmonella-enterica-serovar-heidelberg-isolates-from-various-sources
#16
Romaine Edirmanasinghe, Rita Finley, E Jane Parmley, Brent P Avery, Carolee Carson, Sadjia Bekal, George Golding, Michael R Mulvey
This study characterized cefoxitin-resistant and -susceptible Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg strains from humans, abattoir poultry, and retail poultry to assess the molecular relationships of isolates from these sources in Québec in 2012. Isolates were collected as part of the Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS). All isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PCR for CMY-2, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and whole-genome sequencing (WGS)...
April 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124965/-bacteremia-caused-by-ciprofloxacin-resistant-salmonella-serotype-kentucky-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-literature
#17
Tuba Müderris, Fatma Yekta Ürkmez, Şeref Alp Küçüker, Muhammet Fethi Sağlam, Gül Ruhsar Yılmaz, Rahmet Güner, Revasiye Güleşen, Ziya Cibali Açıkgöz
Salmonella infections can be seen in four clinical types, namely gastroenteritis, bacteremia/sepsis, enteric fever and carriage. These infections can result in uncomplicated diarrhea in most cases, but can lead to invasive disease requiring antimicrobial therapy and can be life-threatening in elderly or immunocomprimised patients. Broad-spectrum cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones are crucial options in the treatment of the invasive infections. Ciprofloxacin resistance is rarely seen in non-typhoid Salmonella enterica isolates, and only in S...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105330/genetic-markers-associated-with-resistance-to-beta-lactam-and-quinolone-antimicrobials-in-non-typhoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-humans-and-animals-in-central-ethiopia
#18
Tadesse Eguale, Josephine Birungi, Daniel Asrat, Moses N Njahira, Joyce Njuguna, Wondwossen A Gebreyes, John S Gunn, Appolinaire Djikeng, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials are commonly used for treatment of infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) and other pathogens. Resistance to these classes of antimicrobials has increased significantly in the recent years. However, little is known on the genetic basis of resistance to these drugs in Salmonella isolates from Ethiopia. METHODS: Salmonella isolates with reduced susceptibility to beta-lactams (n = 43) were tested for genes encoding for beta-lactamase enzymes, and those resistant to quinolones (n = 29) for mutations in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR) as well as plasmid mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes using PCR and sequencing...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012630/antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-bovine-salmonella-enterica-isolates-submitted-to-the-wisconsin-veterinary-diagnostic-laboratory-2006-2015
#19
J R Valenzuela, A K Sethi, N A Aulik, K P Poulsen
Salmonellosis on the dairy continues to have a significant effect on animal health and productivity and in the United States. Additionally, Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica causes an estimated 1.2 million cases of human illness annually. Contributing to the morbidity and mortality in both human and domestic animal species is emergence of antimicrobial resistance by Salmonella species and increased incidence of multidrug-resistant isolates. This study describes serotype distribution and the antimicrobial resistance patterns for various Salmonella serotypes isolated from bovine samples submitted to the Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (WVDL) over the past 10 yr...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908385/the-mutagenic-assessment-of-an-electronic-cigarette-and-reference-cigarette-smoke-using-the-ames-assay-in-strains-ta98-and-ta100
#20
D Thorne, I Crooks, M Hollings, A Seymour, C Meredith, M Gaca
Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 were used to assess the mutagenic potential of the aerosol from a commercially available, rechargeable, closed system electronic-cigarette. Results obtained were compared to those for the mainstream smoke from a Kentucky reference (3R4F) cigarette. Two different test matrices were assessed. Aerosol generated from the e-cigarette was trapped on a Cambridge filter pad, eluted in DMSO and compared to cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM), which was generated in the same manner for mutagenicity assessment in the Salmonella assay...
December 2016: Mutation Research
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