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L-Y Hu, J-B Cui, X-M Xu, Z-H Huang, H-T Jiao
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lung injury (TLI) can cause inflammation and oxidative stress, or even leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and death. Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2)-Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-antioxidant response element (ARE) signal pathway participates in disease occurrence and progression via regulating inflammatory and oxidative stress response, but with its expression and functional roles in TLI largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, TLI group by crushing method, and Nrf2 activation group which received Nrf2 specific agonist sulforaphane 30 min before TLI treatment...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Wolfgang Buckel, Rudolf K Thauer
There are two types of electron bifurcation (EB), either quinone- or flavin-based (QBEB/FBEB), that involve reduction of a quinone or flavin by a two-electron transfer and two reoxidations by a high- and low-potential one-electron acceptor with a reactive semiquinone intermediate. In QBEB, the reduced low-potential acceptor (cytochrome b) is exclusively used to generate ΔμH+ . In FBEB, the "energy-rich" low-potential reduced ferredoxin or flavodoxin has dual function. It can give rise to ΔμH+ /Na+ via a ferredoxin:NAD reductase (Rnf) or ferredoxin:proton reductase (Ech) or conducts difficult reductions such as CO2 to CO...
March 21, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Sabrina G Müller, Natália S Jardim, Caroline B Quines, Cristina W Nogueira
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical toxicant that has deleterious effects on human. BPA causes oxidative stress in tissues, including the liver. Diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2 improves the antioxidant response via activation of the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)/Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (keap 1) pathway in macrophage cells. In the present study, we investigated whether (PhSe)2 counteracts hepatic oxidative stress induced by BPA in male and female Swiss mice. Three-week-old mice received by the intragastric (i...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Research
Michael Untch, Gunter von Minckwitz, Bernd Gerber, Christian Schem, Mahdi Rezai, Peter A Fasching, Hans Tesch, Holm Eggemann, Claus Hanusch, Jens Huober, Christine Solbach, Christian Jackisch, Georg Kunz, Jens-Uwe Blohmer, Maik Hauschild, Tanja Fehm, Valentina Nekljudova, Sibylle Loibl
Purpose The GeparQuinto phase III trial demonstrated a lower pathologic complete response (pCR; pT0 ypN0) rate when lapatinib was added to standard anthracycline-taxane chemotherapy compared with trastuzumab in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive breast cancer. Here, we report the long-term outcomes. Methods Patients with HER2-positive tumors (n = 615) received neoadjuvant treatment with epirubicin (E) plus cyclophosphamide (C), followed by docetaxel (T) in combination with either lapatinib (L) or trastuzumab (H; ECH-TH arm: n = 307; ECL-TL arm: n = 308)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Tawfeeq Shekh-Ahmad, Ramona Eckel, Sharadha Dayalan Naidu, Maureen Higgins, Masayuki Yamamoto, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, Stjepana Kovac, Andrey Y Abramov, Matthew C Walker
Hippocampal sclerosis is a common acquired disease that is a major cause of drug-resistant epilepsy. A mechanism that has been proposed to lead from brain insult to hippocampal sclerosis is the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species, and consequent mitochondrial failure. Here we use a novel strategy to increase endogenous antioxidant defences using RTA 408, which we show activates nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2, encoded by NFE2L2) through inhibition of kelch like ECH associated protein 1 (KEAP1) through its primary sensor C151...
March 12, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Sarah A Best, David P De Souza, Ariena Kersbergen, Antonia N Policheni, Saravanan Dayalan, Dedreia Tull, Vivek Rathi, Daniel H Gray, Matthew E Ritchie, Malcolm J McConville, Kate D Sutherland
The lung presents a highly oxidative environment, which is tolerated through engagement of tightly controlled stress response pathways. A critical stress response mediator is the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (NFE2L2/NRF2), which is negatively regulated by Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1). Alterations in the KEAP1/NRF2 pathway have been identified in 23% of lung adenocarcinomas, suggesting that deregulation of the pathway is a major cancer driver. We demonstrate that inactivation of Keap1 and Pten in the mouse lung promotes adenocarcinoma formation...
March 2, 2018: Cell Metabolism
Seyoung Jang, Haemin Gang, Byung-Gee Kim, Kwon-Young Choi
In this study, we engineered E. coli cells to express l-tyrosine converting enzymes, including tyrosine ammonia-lyase (TAL), p-coumarate 3-hydroxylase (C3H), feruloyl-CoA synthetase (FCS), and enoyl-CoA hydratase/aldolase (ECH). A catabolic circuit, which consisted of the protocatechualdehyde and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde production pathways, was reconstituted through combinatorial production of discrete enzymes. First, cells expressing FCS and ECH could convert each 5mM of caffeic acid and ferulic acid into protocatechualdehyde (70...
May 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Canyao Zhu, William L Yang, Huijun He, Chunping Yang, Jiaping Yu, Xin Wu, Guangming Zeng, Sheldon Tarre, Michal Green
Saccharomyces cerevisiae and nanoparticles of iron oxide (Fe3 O4 ) which were linked with chitosan (CS) through epichlorohydrin (ECH) were encapsulated in calcium alginate to prepare a novel type of bionanocomposites. Characterization results showed that the Fe3 O4 -ECH-CS nanoparticles were quasi-spherical with an average diameter of 30 nm to which chitosan was successfully attached through epichlorohydrin. The saturation magnetization value of the nanoparticles was 21.88 emu/g, and ferrous and ferric irons were simultaneously observed in the magnetic nanoparticles...
February 21, 2018: Chemosphere
Zhihui Jiang, Bo Zhou, Xinping Li, Gordon M Kirby, Xiaoying Zhang
Male infertility is a major health issue with an estimated prevalence of 4.2% of male infertility worldwide. Our early work demonstrated that Cistanche extracts protect against sperm damage in mice and that echinacoside (ECH) is one of the major active components. Here we report an essential role for ECH, a natural product that reverses or protects against oligoasthenospermia in rats. ECH was assayed by HPLC, the quantity and quality of sperm was evaluated and hormone levels were determined by radioimmunosorbent assay...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
V Pereda-Loth, X Franceries, A S Afonso, A Ayala, B Eche, D Ginibrière, G Gauquelin-Koch, M Bardiès, L Lacoste-Collin, M Courtade-Saïdi
Astronauts are exposed to microgravity and chronic irradiation but experimental conditions combining these two factors are difficult to reproduce on earth. We have created an experimental device able to combine chronic irradiation and altered gravity that may be used for cell cultures or plant models in a ground based facility. Irradiation was provided by thorium nitrate powder, conditioned so as to constitute a sealed source that could be placed in an incubator. Cell plates or plant seedlings could be placed in direct contact with the source or at various distances above it...
February 2018: Life Sciences in Space Research
Zai-Ming Liu, Qian-Xue Chen, Zhi-Biao Chen, Dao-Feng Tian, Ming-Chang Li, Jun-Min Wang, Long Wang, Bao-Hui Liu, Shen-Qi Zhang, Fei Li, Hui Ye, Long Zhou
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of disability and mortality in young adults worldwide. The pathophysiology is not fully understood. Programmed necrosis (necroptosis) is a newly identified mechanism of cell death combining features of both apoptosis and necrosis. Receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) plays an important role in programmed necrosis. However, the effect of RIP3-related pathway in TBI is little to be known. We attempted to explore the significance of RIP3 in regulating TBI in vivo...
February 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Debora Lucia Seguro Danilovic, Evandro Sobroza de Mello, Eliana Salgado Turri Frazzato, Alda Wakamatsu, Alexander Augusto de Lima Jorge, Ana Oliveira Hoff, Suemi Marui
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2) encodes Nrf2, transcription factor of antioxidative genes. In the presence of reactive oxygen species, Keap1 (Kelch-ECH-associating protein-1) inhibitor complex undergoes conformational changes disrupting Keap1-Nrf2 binding and Nrf2 translocates into nucleus. We evaluated the presence of mutations in NFE2L2 and KEAP1 in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and correlated them with clinical presentation. METHODS: Coding regions of NFE2L2 and KEAP1 were sequenced in 131 patients with PTC...
February 22, 2018: Head & Neck
Xiaoqi Jing, Jiaqi Zhang, Zhenlin Huang, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is a rare and life-threatening liver disease. (+)-catechin is a natural dietary flavonol with high antioxidant capacity. This study aims to investigate the involvement of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant signaling pathway in the protection of (+)-catechin hydrate (CAT) against monocrotaline (MCT)-induced HSOS. Results of serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferases (ALT/AST) activities, total bilirubin (TBil) and bile acids (TBA) amounts, liver histological observation, scanning electron microscope evaluation and hepatic metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression all demonstrated the protection of CAT against MCT-induced HSOS in rats...
February 20, 2018: Free Radical Research
Shijie Li, Zhuoyue Song, Tingting Liu, Jian Liang, Jun Yuan, Zhanchi Xu, Zhanghua Sun, Xiaoping Lai, Qingping Xiong, Danyan Zhang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Ostrea rivularis polysaccharide (ORP) against testicular oxidative stress injury via kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1-nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2/antioxidant response element (Keap1-Nrf2/ARE) pathway. In pharmacological experiments in vivo, ORP administration could dose-dependently inhibit body and testicular weight loss, ameliorate epididymal sperm quality and protect reproductive impairment in cyclophosphamide-induced male Balb/c mice...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Peifang Cong, Yunen Liu, Nannan Liu, Yubiao Zhang, Changci Tong, Lin Shi, Xuelei Liu, Xiuyun Shi, Ying Liu, Zhou Tong, Mingxiao Hou
BACKGROUND: Exposure to cold weather is associated with infaust cardiovascular responses, including myocardial infarction and arrhythmias. However, the exact mechanisms of these adverse changes in the myocardium under cold stress are unknown. This study was designed to investigate the mechanisms of cardiac injury induced by cold stress in mice. METHODS: The mice were randomly divided into three groups, normal control (no handling), 1-week cold stress and 2-week cold stress...
February 15, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Zhonghua Huang, Mengkun Li, Na Li, Xinyuan Tang, Zhiyu Ouyang
Membrane technology is now being widely used in the field of water treatment for its unique advantages. Layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technique is a convenient and versatile method of modified nanofiltration (NF) membranes fabrication, which can be used to control the thickness and the surface properties of membranes by chemical deposition of polyelectrolytes. Herein, a new kind of composite NF membrane with enhanced antibacterial properties was successfully fabricated through LbL self-assembly method, having polyether sulfone (PES) ultrafiltration (UF) membrane as support layer, N-[(2-hydroxy-3-trimethylammonium)propyl] chloride chitosan (HTCC) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) as active layer, and epichlorohydrin (ECH) as crosslinking reagent...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ya-Nan Jia, Hai-Peng Lu, Ya-Lin Peng, Bao-Shun Zhang, Xiao-Bao Gong, Jun Su, You Zhou, Min-Hui Pan, Li Xu
Oxyresveratrol (Oxy) is a natural polyhydroxystilbene abundant in mulberry that has anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant activities. We evaluated the protective effect of Oxy in the context of the lipopolysaccharide and d-galactosamine (LPS/d-GalN) induced acute liver injury. Oxy restricted the development of histopathological changes, markedly reduced the activity of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST), which are indicators of impaired liver function. Oxy significantly regulated the contents of oxidative stress related enzymes and products, and inhibited expressions of inflammatory mediators and cytokines...
January 23, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Zheng-Shun Wen, Li Ma, Xing-Wei Xiang, Zhen Tang, Rong-Fa Guan, You-Le Qu
Organoselemium compounds possess strong antioxidant activity as well as protecting cells from DNA damage, mitochondrial injury, lipid peroxidation, protein denaturation and cell death. Herein, we used an in vitro oxidative model to further investigate the antioxidant effects of a novel organoselemium compound, low molecular-weight seleno-aminopolysaccharides (LSA) in intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-1), and the molecular mechanisms of these effects. Analysis by MTT assay showed that LSA could significantly increase the viability of IPEC-1 cells compared to cells exposed to H2O2...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Solenn M Guilbert, Herman Lambert, Marc-Antoine Rodrigue, Margit Fuchs, Jacques Landry, Josée N Lavoie
BCL2-associated athanogene (BAG)-3 is viewed as a platform that would physically and functionally link distinct classes of molecular chaperones of the heat shock protein (HSP) family for the stabilization and clearance of damaged proteins. In this study, we show that HSPB8, a member of the small heat shock protein subfamily, cooperates with BAG3 to coordinate the sequestration of harmful proteins and the cellular adaptive response upon proteasome inhibition. Silencing of HSPB8, like depletion of BAG3, inhibited targeting of ubiquitinated proteins to the juxtanuclear aggresome, a mammalian system of spatial quality control...
February 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Xiaoxue Zhang, Renpeng Ji, Huijun Sun, Jinyong Peng, Xiaodong Ma, ChangYuan Wang, Yufeng Fu, Liuchi Bao, Yue Jin
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excessive accumulation of hepatic lipids and oxidative injury of hepatocytes. Scutellarin is a flavonoid glycoside having antioxidative stress activity. Our current study aims to investigate the molecular mechanism of scutellarin ameliorating NAFLD. Scutellarin treatment was applied to male C57BL/6 mice maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD) and HepG2 cells challenged with oleic acid. The antioxidation biochemical indicators and lipid levels in the liver and cells were detected by kits...
February 5, 2018: Free Radical Research
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