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Rebecca A Clark-Snow, Cheryl Vidall, Sussanne Börjeson, Patrick Jahn
BACKGROUND: Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can be improved with guideline-consistent use of antiemetics. However, adherence to antiemetic guidelines remains often insufficient. Therefore, new strategies that improve adherence are needed. OBJECTIVES: To review the latest antiemetic guideline recommendations and provide an update on the use of NEPA, a fixed combination antiemetic composed of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (RA) netupitant and the 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 RA palonosetron (Akynzeo®)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
So-Yeon Jeon, Hye Sook Han, Woo Kyun Bae, Moo-Rim Park, Hyeok Shim, Sang-Cheol Lee, Se-Il Go, Hwan Jung Yun, Yong-Jin Im, Eun-Kee Song
Purpose: Data on the efficacy of olanzapine in patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC) are limited. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of olanzapine versus placebo in controlling nausea and vomiting in patients receiving MEC. Materials and Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine whether olanzapine can reduce the frequency of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and improve the quality of life (QOL) in patients receiving palonosetron and dexamethasone as prophylaxis for MEC-induced nausea and vomiting...
February 27, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Hidehito Horinouchi, Kaoru Kubota, Akihiko Miyanaga, Shinji Nakamichi, Masahiro Seike, Akihiko Gemma, Yuki Yamane, Futoshi Kurimoto, Hiroshi Sakai, Shintaro Kanda, Yutaka Fujiwara, Hiroshi Nokihara, Noboru Yamamoto, Tomohide Tamura, Yuichiro Ohe
Background: The aim of this trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral hydration as a substitute for intravenous hydration after cisplatin (CDDP) administration. Methods: The major eligibility criteria included patients with lung cancer, indications for a CDDP-based regimen at a dose of 60 mg/m2 or higher, an age of between 20 and 74 years and adequate renal function. Antiemetic prophylaxis consisted of an appropriate dose of palonosetron, aprepitant, dexamethasone and magnesium sulfate (8 mEq)...
2018: ESMO Open
Yuka Ito, Takashi Tsuda, Hiroko Minatogawa, Sayaka Kano, Kentaro Sakamaki, Masahiko Ando, Koichiro Tsugawa, Yasuyuki Kojima, Naoki Furuya, Kunihiro Matsuzaki, Mamoru Fukuda, Sadatoshi Sugae, Ichiro Ohta, Hitoshi Arioka, Yutaka Tokuda, Kazutaka Narui, Ayako Tsuboya, Takashi Suda, Satoshi Morita, Narikazu Boku, Takeharu Yamanaka, Takako Eguchi Nakajima
Purpose We evaluated the noninferiority of dexamethasone (DEX) on day 1, with sparing on days 2 and 3, combined with neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (NK1-RA) and palonosetron (Palo) compared with the 3-day use of DEX in highly-emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC). Patients and Methods Patients who were scheduled to receive HEC (cisplatin ≥ 50 mg/m2or anthracycline plus cyclophosphamide) were randomly assigned to receive either DEX on days 1 to 3 (Arm D3) or DEX on day 1 and placebo on days 2 and 3 (Arm D1) combined with NK1-RA and Palo...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Naomi Mizuta, Tsutomu Nakagawa, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Tatsuya Nishioka, Manabu Kume, Hiroo Makimoto, Ikuko Yano, Hironobu Minami, Midori Hirai
Albumin-bound paclitaxel (Abraxane®, nab-paclitaxel) is not recommended to be administered concurrently or sequentially with other drugs due to concern for instability. The need to administer drugs separately increases infusion time. We evaluated the compatibility and stability of solutions containing nab-paclitaxel and other drugs, including gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, granisetron hydrochloride, and palonosetron hydrochloride. We visually examined changes in appearance, pH, and concentration of the mixed solutions of nab-paclitaxel and other drugs for up to 24 h...
July 20, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Jeffrey Vacirca, Dennis Caruana, George Calcanes, Michael Mosier, Ralph Boccia, Ali McBride
AIM: This retrospective analysis evaluated chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)-related hydration needs with palonosetron or granisetron extended-release subcutaneous (GERSC), approved in 2016 for CINV prevention. MATERIALS & METHODS: At a community practice, CINV-related hydration per chemotherapy cycle was determined following highly (HEC) or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC) and a guideline-recommended antiemetic regimen: neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist, dexamethasone and either palonosetron only, GERSC only, or palonosetron switched to GERSC...
February 9, 2018: Future Oncology
George Wu, Dan Powers, Stanley Yeung, Frank Chen
Prophylaxis or therapy with a combination of a neurokinin 1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist (RA), a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) RA, and dexamethasone is recommended by international antiemesis guidelines for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting for patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy and for selected patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy. VARUBI (rolapitant) is a substance P/NK-1 RA that was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an injectable emulsion in combination with other antiemetic agents in adults for the prevention of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of emetogenic cancer chemotherapy, including, but not limited to, highly emetogenic chemotherapy...
January 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Kana Oiwa, Naoko Hosono, Kazuhiro Itoh, Miyuki Ookura, Yasufumi Matsuda, Katsunori Tai, Takanori Ueda, Takahiro Yamauchi
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting(CINV)were prospectively evaluated using MASCC Antiemesis Tool(MAT) in patients with hematological malignancies in our institution. A total of 33 patients receiving 46 chemotherapy courses were evaluated. Although vomiting was not observed in the acute phase, nausea was seen in 22.6% and 32.3% of the patients in the acute and delayed phases, respectively. Thirty percent(25 cases)of the patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy presented nausea in both the phases, while 40%(18 cases)of the patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy presented nausea in the delayed phase...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Mayako Uchida, Tsutomu Nakamura, Kojiro Hata, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yasuo Mori, Koji Kato, Kenjiro Kamezaki, Katsuto Takenaka, Motoaki Shiratsuchi, Keiko Hosohata, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Koichi Akashi
Background: Antiemetic effects and safety of granisetron or palonosetron alone and in combination with a corticosteroid against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) were retrospectively evaluated in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma receiving adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) therapy. Methods: A total of 39 patients were eligible for this study. Before ABVD therapy, granisetron or palonosetron was intravenously administered with or without a corticosteroid (dexamethasone or hydrocortisone) and aprepitant...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
S A Curtis, B R Curtis, A I Lee, J E Hendrickson, J Lacy, N A Podoltsev
OBJECTIVES: We report a case of an 83 year old man who developed oxaliplatin immune-induced syndrome (OIIS) after his 19th cycle of FOLFOX (5FU, leucovorin, oxaliplatin). When oxaliplatin was omitted from his next cycle of chemotherapy he continues to show signs of drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DITP) and was found to have drug-dependent, platelet-reactive antibodies (DDPA) to leucovorin and palonosetron as well as oxaliplatin. METHODS: The patient was admitted for monitoring but required no transfusions and thrombocytopenia resolved without treatment during his first admission...
December 28, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Nikita Mehra, Prasanth Ganesan, Trivadi S Ganesan, Surendran Veeriah, Abirami Boopathy, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Manikandan Dhanushkodi, Swaminathan Rajaraman, Sevaluxmy Ganesharajah, Tenali Gnana Sagar
Chemotherapy-induced nausea-vomiting (CINV) compromises the quality of life of patients with cancer. We present data on the effectiveness of olanzapine after failure of aprepitant in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC). A single-center prospective study was conducted, where patients ≥ 18 years who failed aprepitant, palonosetron, dexamethasone (APD) received olanzapine, palonosetron and dexamethasone (OPD) in the subsequent cycle of HEC. Failure of APD was defined as occurrence of ≥ grade 2 acute and/or delayed nausea ± vomiting...
December 16, 2017: Medical Oncology
Alexandre Chan, Matin M Abdullah, Wan Zamaniah B Wan Ishak, Annielyn B Ong-Cornel, Antonio H Villalon, Ravindran Kanesvaran
A meeting of regional experts was convened in Manila, Philippines, to develop a resource-stratified chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) management guideline. In patients treated with highly emetogenic chemotherapy in general clinical settings, triple therapy with a serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine-3 [5-HT3]) antagonist (preferably palonosetron), dexamethasone, and aprepitant is recommended for acute CINV prevention. In resource-restricted settings, triple therapy is still recommended, although a 5-HT3 antagonist other than palonosetron may be used...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
Shinya Sento, Naoya Kitamura, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Koichi Nakashiro, Hiroyuki Hamakawa, Soichiro Ibaragi, Akira Sasaki, Natsumi Takamaru, Yoji Miyamoto, Isamu Kodani, Kazuo Ryoke, Katsuaki Mishima, Yoshiya Ueyama
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of palonosetron in preventing acute and delayed nausea and vomiting in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) in oral cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Oral cancer patients receiving HEC were enrolled; among the 40 patients, 87 courses of chemotherapy were administered. On day 1, 0.75 mg palonosetron was intravenously administrated just before chemotherapy. RESULTS: The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a complete response (CR) and the secondary endpoint was the proportion of patients with complete control (CC) during the acute and delayed phase...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
Takeshi Ioroi, Junya Furukawa, Manabu Kume, Sachi Hirata, Yuko Utsubo, Naomi Mizuta, Hideaki Miyake, Masato Fujisawa, Midori Hirai
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the antiemetic efficacy and safety of palonosetron, aprepitant and dexamethasone in patients with testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) receiving 5-day cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. METHODS: In this open-label, single-arm, single-centre study, the antiemetic therapy consisted of palonosetron 0.75 mg on day 1, aprepitant 125 mg on day 1 and 80 mg on days 2-7 and dexamethasone 6.6 mg on days 1-7. The primary endpoint was complete response (CR; no vomiting/retching or rescue medication) in the overall period (0-240 h), and secondary endpoints included complete protection (CP; defined as CR and no more than mild nausea) and total control (TC; defined as CR and no nausea)...
November 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
L Zhang, S Lu, J Feng, A Dechaphunkul, J Chang, D Wang, S Chessari, C Lanzarotti, K Jordan, M Aapro
Background: Co-administration of multiple antiemetics that inhibit several molecular pathways involved in emesis is required to optimize CINV control in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC). NEPA, a fixed combination of a highly selective NK1 receptor antagonist (RA), netupitant (300 mg), and the pharmacologically distinct 5-HT3RA, palonosetron (PALO 0.50 mg), has shown superior CINV prevention compared to PALO in cisplatin and anthracycline/cyclophosphamide-based settings...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Joseph S Bubalo, Jon D Herrington, Marc Takemoto, Patricia Willman, Michael S Edwards, Casey Williams, Alan Fisher, Alison Palumbo, Eric Chen, Charles Blanke, Charles D Lopez
PURPOSE: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) causes significant morbidity among colorectal cancer patients, receiving fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and leucovorin (FOLFOX) chemotherapy even with standard antiemetic prophylaxis. The purpose of this study is to determine if the addition of aprepitant to standard antiemetic therapy improves CINV in these patients. METHODS: Patients receiving FOLFOX for colorectal cancer were given antiemetic prophylaxis with aprepitant 125 mg orally on day 1 and 80 mg on days 2 and 3...
October 31, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Paul J Hesketh, Marco Palmas, Pierre Nicolas
PURPOSE: Patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy are at high risk of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), a distressing side effect of treatment. This post-hoc subgroup analysis of two pivotal trials evaluated the efficacy of NEPA in preventing CINV in subsets of patients with lung cancer who received cisplatin or carboplatin. METHODS: In each study, the efficacy endpoints complete response (CR; defined as no emetic episodes and no rescue medication) and no significant nausea (NSN; defined as a score of < 25 mm on a visual analog scale of 0-100 mm) during the acute (0-24 h), delayed (25-120 h), and overall (0-120 h) phases post-chemotherapy in cycle 1 (study 1) and cycles 1-4 (study 2) were assessed...
October 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Byung-Gun Kim, Hyunzu Kim, Hyun-Kyoung Lim, Chunwoo Yang, Sora Oh, Byung-Wook Lee
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the major concerns after anesthesia and surgery, and it may be more frequent in orthopedic patients receiving patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of palonosetron and dexamethasone on the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty and receiving PCEA. METHODS: Patients scheduled for total hip or knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia/PCEA were randomly allocated to receive either intravenous palonosetron (0...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Takako Yanai, Satoru Iwasa, Hironobu Hashimoto, Fumiyoshi Ohyanagi, Tomomi Takiguchi, Koji Takeda, Masahiko Nakao, Hiroshi Sakai, Toshiaki Nakayama, Koichi Minato, Takahiro Arai, Kenichi Suzuki, Yasuhiro Shimada, Kengo Nagashima, Hiroyuki Terakado, Noboru Yamamoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two doses (10 and 5 mg) of olanzapine in combination with standard antiemetic treatment (aprepitant, palonosetron, and dexamethasone) for patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC). METHODS: A multi-institutional, double-blind, randomized phase II, dose-finding study of olanzapine was performed in patients with a malignant solid tumor who were receiving HEC with cisplatin (≥ 50 mg/m(2))...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Yayoi Sugimori, Tsuyoshi Ota, Takafumi Ujihira, Tomonori Ishiguro, Daiki Ogishima
AIM: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the most frequently encountered side effects of cancer treatment. Severe CINV can lead patients to refuse chemotherapy, which ultimately affects cancer outcomes. The development of fairly new antiemetic agents, 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonists, palonosetron and neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists and aprepitant has reduced the risk and incidence of CINV. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of aprepitant plus palonosetron against palonosetron for CINV in patients receiving moderately emetic cancer chemotherapy (paclitaxel and carboplatin combination [TC] therapy)...
September 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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