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peribulbar block

Poonam Nehra, Vrinda Oza, Vandana Parmar, Pooja Fumakiya
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of addition of fentanyl and clonidine as adjuvants to bupivacaine and lignocaine in peribulbar block. METHODS: The study was conducted on 105 adult patients of either sex, of ASA grade I and II undergoing ophthalmic surgeries. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups of 35 each. All the patients were given peribulbuar block with 5ml lignocaine 2% +3 ml bupivacaine 0.5% +1 ml hyaluronidase (250 IU). In addition to this 1 ml normal saline was added to Group S, 25 μg fentanyl to Group F and 25 μg clonidine to Group C...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
Fábio Caetano Oliveira Leme, Eduardo Toshiyuki Moro, Alexandre Alberto Fontana Ferraz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Peribulbar anesthesia (PBA) has emerged as a safer option compared with intraconal retrobulbar block. Still, PBA may not be considered without risk. Numerous complications have been described when performing this technique. This report aims to describe a rare case of amaurosis and contralateral paralysis while attempting to perform a PBA. CASE REPORT: Male patient, 75-year old, physical status ASA II, undergoing cataract surgery by phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation...
August 20, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Emile Calenda, Marc Muraine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ogbonnaya N Iganga, Oluyemi Fasina, Charles O Bekibele, Benedictus G K Ajayi, Ayobade O Ogundipe
PURPOSE: To compare the akinetic and the analgesic effects of peribulbar and posterior sub-Tenon's anesthesia in patients undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: In a hospital-based randomized comparative interventional study, patients aged 50 years and above who underwent elective surgery for uncomplicated cataract were randomized to receive either peribulbar block or posterior sub-Tenon block. Pain during injection, surgery, and after surgery was assessed using numerical reporting scale (NRS)...
April 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
A R Rajalakshmi, M Ashok Kumar
Peribulbar block, though safe, can cause serious complications such as globe perforation and peribulbar hemorrhage. Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that is used as an adjuvant in peribulbar anesthesia, and it helps in rapid penetration of the anesthetic agent. Hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase is a rare but potentially sight-threatening complication. We report a case of hyaluronidase hypersensitivity following peribulbar injection for cataract surgery mimicking as peribulbar hematoma in the immediate postinjection phase and as orbital cellulitis 48 h later...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Suman Shree Ramaswamy, B Parimala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Midazolam-fentanyl (MDZ:FEN) combination has been routinely used for intravenous sedation in ophthalmic surgeries. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), a recent α2 adrenoreceptor agonist indicated for sedation for ophthalmic use at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg over 10 min, can cause deeper plane of sedation and surgeon dissatisfaction. Therefore, we proposed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two different loading doses of DEX. METHODS: In a prospective study, 60 patients aged 50-70 years, scheduled for retinal surgery under peribulbar block were divided equally to receive either MDZ:FEN or DEX 0...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
R Sinha, A Sharma, B R Ray, R Chandiran, C Chandralekha, R Sinha
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulphate has been used along with local anesthetics in different regional blocks and found to be effective in decreasing the time of onset of the block and increasing the duration of the block. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of addition of magnesium sulfate to standard local anesthetics mixture on the time for onset of the globe and lid akinesia for peribulbar block in ophthalmic surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists status I to III undergoing ophthalmic surgery under peribulbar block were included in this study...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
A M Abdelhamid, Aaa Mahmoud, M M Abdelhaq, H M Yasin, Asm Bayoumi
BACKGROUND: No studies compared parenteral dexmedetomidine with its use as an adjuvant to ophthalmic block. We compared between adding dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine in peribulbar block and intravenous (IV) dexmedetomidine during peribulbar block for cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study on 90 patients for cataract surgery under peribulbar anesthesia. Study included three groups; all patients received 10 ml of peribulbar anesthesia and IV infusion of drugs as follows: Group I: Received a mixture of bupivacaine 0...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Athanassios Kolivras, Curtis Thompson
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between diffuse subacute alopecia areata (AA), in which the peribulbar infiltrate is absent, and pattern hair loss is challenging, particularly in cases that lack marked follicular miniaturization and a marked catagen/telogen shift. OBJECTIVE: We sought to distinguish diffuse AA from pattern hair loss using CD3(+) T lymphocytes. METHODS: A total of 28 cases of subacute AA and 31 cases of pattern hair loss were selected and a 4-mm punch biopsy was performed...
May 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Medhat M Messeha, Abd-Elmonem Elhesy
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare orbital muscle akinesia caused by rocuronium versus hyaluronidase when mixed with the local anesthetic in single-injection peribulbar anesthesia (PBA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were included in the study and subjected to cataract extraction using phacoemulsification technique with intraocular lens implantation. Group I received peribulbar block with 5 ml mixture of 30 IU/ml hyaluronidase and 2% lidocaine...
September 2015: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Irene Huebert, Norbert Heinicke, Daniel Kook, Kim A Boost, Christina V Miller, Wolfgang J Mayer, Christos Haritoglou, Anselm Kampik, Arnd Gandorfer, Christoph Hintschich, Armin Wolf
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of dual platelet inhibition in cases of severe retrobulbar hemorrhage following retrobulbar and peribulbar anesthesia. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilans Universität, München, Germany. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Two groups of patients were screened retrospectively over a 5-year period for the inclusion criterion of severe retrobulbar hematoma after retrobulbar or parabulbar injection...
October 2015: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Sudarshan Khokhar, Bhagabat Nayak, Bharat Patil, Milind Devidas Changole, Gautam Sinha, Reetika Sharma, Lipika Nayak
A 17-year-old male presented with gradual painless diminution of vision since childhood. Slit lamp examination revealed both eyes having congenital cataract. Right eye lens aspiration was performed but was uneventful, and he prepared for left eye surgery after 7 days. Immediately after giving a peribulbar block, a complete akinesia, tight eyelids, and stony hard eyeball was noted. An abaxial proptosis of 7 mm was noted. Lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis were done and proptosis reduced to 5 mm. Bleeding time-clotting time was normal...
2015: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Haroldo Maciel Carneiro, Kim Ir Sem Santos Teixeira, Marcos Pereira de Ávila, Roberto Murillo Limongi, Leopoldo Magacho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the needle path during retrobulbar ophthalmic block with that during peribulbar ophthalmic block, its relation with anesthetic spread, and the quality of the anesthesia. METHODS: This is a prospective comparative study in selected candidates of ophthalmic blocks for phacoemulsification. The procedure used a 22-gauge 1 needle in a single lateral inferior transcutaneous puncture with 5 mL of anesthetic solution with radiological contrast...
January 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Renu Sinha, Souvik Maitra
Safe anesthesia in premature and ex-premature infants remains a challenge for the anesthesiologist. These infants are at risk of postoperative apnea, desaturation, and bradycardia after general anesthesia. We describe our experience of peribulbar block in 24 infants who underwent vitreoretinal surgery for retinopathy of prematurity. None of our patients had postoperative apnea or required neonatal intensive care admission. A possible opioid and muscle relaxant-sparing effect of peribulbar block might have reduced the incidence of postoperative complications...
January 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Hema L Ramkumar, Azadeh Khatibi, William R Freeman, Giulio Barteselli, Isaac C Ezon, Payam Amini, Lucie Sharpsten, Cheryl A Arcinue, Joseph T Nezgoda, Henry A Ferreyra, Michael H Goldbaum
AIM: To investigate patients' sensory phenomena, especially instrument visualisation, and their emotional reactions during pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) under monitored anaesthesia care (MAC). METHODS: One hundred adults who underwent PPV under MAC plus peribulbar block were prospectively recruited on the day after surgery to complete a questionnaire about sensory phenomena and comfort. Anaesthetics used during surgery were correlated with visual phenomena and patient comfort...
June 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Howard D Palte
In the past decade ophthalmic anesthesia has witnessed a major transformation. The sun has set on the landscape of ophthalmic procedures performed under general anesthesia at in-hospital settings. In its place a new dawn has ushered in the panorama of eye surgeries conducted under regional and topical anesthesia at specialty eye care centers. The impact of the burgeoning geriatric population is that an increasing number of elderly patients will present for eye surgery. In order to accommodate increased patient volumes and simultaneously satisfy administrative initiatives directed at economic frugality, administrators will seek assistance from anesthesia providers in adopting measures that enhance operating room efficiency...
2015: Local and Regional Anesthesia
Mahmoud B Alhassan, Fatima Kyari, Henry O D Ejere
BACKGROUND: Cataract is a major cause of blindness worldwide. Unless medically contraindicated, cataract surgery is usually performed under local (regional) anaesthesia. Local anaesthesia involves the blockage of a nerve subserving a given part of the body. It involves infiltration of the area around the nerve with local anaesthetic. The two main approaches in the eye are retrobulbar and peribulbar. There is debate over whether the peribulbar approach provides more effective, safer anaesthesia for cataract surgery than retrobulbar block...
July 2, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mona P Sune, Pradeep G Sune
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of conjunctival rotation autograft (CRA) as an alternative to conventional conjunctival autograft after pterygium excision and its complications and rate of recurrence. DESIGN: A prospective non-comparative interventional case study. METHODS: Conjunctival rotation autograft was performed under peribulbar block in 50 eyes with primary pterygium as well as recurrent pterygium of grade 1, 2 and 3 according to a morphological grading system...
July 2013: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Shraddha Naik, Akshaya N Shetti, A V Nadkarni, Bhuvna Ahuja
Huntington's chorea (HC) is a rare hereditary disorder of the nervous system. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder and is characterized by progressive chorea, dementia, and psychiatric disturbances. There are only a few case reports regarding the anesthetic management of a patient with HC and the best anesthetic technique is yet to be established for those patients which are at higher risk of perioperative complications. We report the anesthetic management of a 64-year-old patient with HC admitted for cataract surgery...
January 2015: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Shivakumar M Channabasappa, Vijaya R Shetty, Shruthi K Dharmappa, Jahanabi Sarma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of adding dexmedetomidine to lidocaine and bupivacaine for peribulbar block in two different doses. The primary endpoints were the onset and duration of corneal anesthesia, globe akinesia, and duration of analgesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 90 ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective cataract surgery under peribulbar anesthesia. Patients were randomly allocated to one of three groups of 30 each; group C (control) received 3 ml of 2% lidocaine with 3 ml of 0...
January 2013: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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