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Geriatric incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180932/-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-a%C3%A2-geriatric-rehabilitation-department-global-urinary-incontinence-assessment-incorporating-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnare-urinary-incontinence-short-form-iciq-ui-sf
#2
Sigrid Ege
Although it is generally agree that older people have a high prevalence of urinary incontinence with a significant influence on health and quality of life, there is no standardized generally accepted assessment. The pathophysiology of urinary incontinence in frail elderly people requires a broad medical and functional scope to address the multifactorial nature of urinary incontinence, especially to identify treatable, potentially reversible conditions. To incorporate the multiple aspects into the daily routine, we developed a global urinary incontinence assessment at the Clinic for Geriatric Rehabilitation of the Robert Bosch Hospital including the validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnare - Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF), a symptom score and results of a comprehensive geriatric assessment for mobility and cognition...
February 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144788/-expectations-and-attitudes-concerning-geriatric-counseling-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-among-general-practitioners-and-hospital-based-providers-in-two-german-states
#3
H Burkhardt, C Trojan
BACKGROUND: Expertise in geriatrics in the field of ambulatory and hospital-based treatment does not have access to comparable medical specialist structures, such as those in internal medicine and neurology; therefore, it is recommended that geriatric diagnostics by general practitioners can be supported by networking with hospital-based geriatric centers for geriatric counseling. The attitudes and experiences of both faculties in Germany are, however, not well known. METHODS: Representative samples of general practitioners and hospital-based faculty departments for internal medicine in two regions of Germany (Baden-Württemberg and Hessen) were identified using a systematic selection method...
January 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120284/prevalence-of-fecal-incontinence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-elderly-outpatients-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nurhan Demir, Mehmet Yuruyen, Kadri Atay, Hakan Yavuzer, Ibrahim Hatemi, Alper Doventas, Deniz Suna Erdincler, Ahmet Dobrucalı
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence of fecal incontinence in elderly patients admitted to outpatient clinics in Turkey are scarce. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of fecal incontinence and the associated risk factors in the elderly outpatients. METHODS: Patients 60 years and older admitted to a geriatrics outpatient clinic between October 2013 and March 2014 were included. Demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, marital status, educational status, parity (for females), fecal incontinence (FI), urinary incontinence (UI), constipation, comorbid conditions, and medications were recorded...
January 24, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068906/cherish-collaboration-for-hospitalised-elders-reducing-the-impact-of-stays-in-hospital-protocol-for-a-multi-site-improvement-program-to-reduce-geriatric-syndromes-in-older-inpatients
#5
Alison M Mudge, Merrilyn D Banks, Adrian G Barnett, Irene Blackberry, Nicholas Graves, Theresa Green, Gillian Harvey, Ruth E Hubbard, Sharon K Inouye, Sue Kurrle, Kwang Lim, Prue McRae, Nancye M Peel, Jessica Suna, Adrienne M Young
BACKGROUND: Older inpatients are at risk of hospital-associated geriatric syndromes including delirium, functional decline, incontinence, falls and pressure injuries. These contribute to longer hospital stays, loss of independence, and death. Effective interventions to reduce geriatric syndromes remain poorly implemented due to their complexity, and require an organised approach to change care practices and systems. Eat Walk Engage is a complex multi-component intervention with structured implementation, which has shown reduced geriatric syndromes and length of stay in pilot studies at one hospital...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060444/mediating-effect-of-decline-in-social-activities-on-urinary-incontinence-and-negative-mood-do-sex-and-marital-differences-exist
#6
Xue Bai, Doris Yin Ping Leung, Claudia Kam Yuk Lai, Alice Ming Lin Chong, Iris Chi
AIM: We tested the mediating effect of decline in social participation on urinary incontinence (UI) and negative mood in older adults by sex and marital status. METHODS: We carried out secondary analysis of data collected from 5301 Chinese adults aged 60 years or older in Hong Kong who had completed an initial screening instrument for subsidized long-term care services in 2010. Path analysis within structural equation modeling was carried out. RESULTS: Satisfactory model fit was obtained: male-married group (n = 1949, standardized root means squared residual [SRMR] = 0...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035933/frontal-lobe-function-correlates-with%C3%A2-one-year-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-elderly-with-alzheimer-disease
#7
Taiki Sugimoto, Masaki Yoshida, Rei Ono, Shunsuke Murata, Naoki Saji, Shumpei Niida, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is frequently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although previous works highlight the association between frontal lobe-related function and UI, causal relationship is unclear. OBJECTS: To clarify the longitudinal association between frontal lobe function and the incidence of UI at 1 year in patients with AD. METHODS: The subjects were 215 continent AD patients who attended the Memory Clinic of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology of Japan during the period from March 2011 to December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988385/polypharmacy-in-older-adults-association-rule-and-frequent-set-analysis-to-evaluate-concomitant-medication-use
#8
Fabian Held, David G Le Couteur, Fiona M Blyth, Vasant Hirani, Vasi Naganathan, Louise M Waite, Markus J Seibel, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming, Heather G Allore, Danijela Gnjidic
The aim of this study was to apply Association Rule and Frequent-Set analysis, and novel means of data visualisation to ascertain patterns of medication use and medication combinations contributing to medication group clusters according to geriatric syndrome status in older adults. Participants were community-dwelling men (aged ≥70 years, n=1686), Sydney, Australia. Medication exposure was categorised at medication class level and data were analysed according to geriatric syndrome status (presence of at least one syndrome including frailty, falls, cognitive impairment and urinary incontinence)...
February 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935188/characteristics-of-physical-prefrailty-among-japanese-healthy-older-adults
#9
Eiji Matsushita, Kiwako Okada, Yui Ito, Shosuke Satake, Nariaki Shiraishi, Takahisa Hirose, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of frailty at an early stage (prefrailty) in a healthy elderly Japanese population. METHODS: The participants were 620 healthy older adults (age range 60-89 years) who were current students or graduates of a community college for older adults in Japan. All participants were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist, a tool developed to screen for frailty in Japan. The participants were categorized by the Fried criteria (lost weight, handgrip strength, walking speed, exhaustion, physical activity) into either a prefrailty (1-2 criteria) or a non-frailty (0 criterion) group...
December 9, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912904/changes-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-older-adults-survived-from-intensive-care-unit
#10
Hsin-Ju Tang, Hsin-Yi Jean Tang, Fang-Wen Hu, Ching-Huey Chen
Nearly 90% of the older adult patients discharged from hospital with a cluster of geriatric syndromes. The patterns of geriatric syndromes in older adult ICU survivors are to be further explored. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors and patterns of geriatric syndromes among older adult patients before admitting to ICU and throughout their hospitalization. A total of 137 older adult patients (age 76.9 ± 6.6; 52.6% male) participated in the study. The results showed significant increase in the occurrence of geriatric syndromes from T0 (upon ICU admission) to T1 (transition to inpatient care unit), with improvement at T2 (hospital discharge), but did not return to the baseline...
November 29, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860034/understanding-help-seeking-in-older-people-with-urinary-incontinence-an-interview-study
#11
Natalie Vethanayagam, Alison Orrell, Lena Dahlberg, Kevin J McKee, Susan Orme, Stuart G Parker, Mary Gilhooly
The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) increases with age and can negatively affect quality of life. However, relatively few older people with UI seek treatment. The aim of this study was to explore the views of older people with UI on the process of seeking help. Older people with UI were recruited to the study from three continence services in the north of England: a geriatrician-led hospital outpatient clinic (n = 18), a community-based nurse-led service (n = 22) and a consultant gynaecologist-led service specialising in surgical treatment (n = 10)...
November 16, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837461/ventral-mesh-rectopexy-versus-conventional-suture-technique-a-single-institutional-experience
#12
Gaetano Luglio, Rachele Tarquini, Mariano Cesare Giglio, Viviana Sollazzo, Roberto Peltrini, Michele Sacco, Giovanni Spiezio, Bruno Amato, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Luigi Bucci
AIMS: Anterior mesh rectopexy is a novel surgical technique for the treatment of complete rectal prolapse, a common disorder in female elderly patients. Aim of the study was to evaluate functional outcomes after ventral mesh rectopexy and conventional suture rectopexy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients have been enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were divided into two groups: 20 patients (group A) had a conventional suture rectopexy with a standard technique and 20 patients (group B) underwent an anterior mesh rectopexy...
November 11, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794563/clustering-of-geriatric-deficits-emerges-to-be-an-essential-feature-of-ageing-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-poland
#13
Karolina Piotrowicz, Agnieszka Pac, Anna Barbara Skalska, Jerzy Chudek, Alicja Klich-Rączka, Aleksandra Szybalska, Jean-Pierre Michel, Tomasz Grodzicki
The majority of old people suffer from various clinical conditions that affect health, functioning and quality of life. This research is a part of a cross-sectional, nationwide PolSenior Study that provides a comprehensive assessment of eight geriatric impairments and their co-occurrence in a representative sample (3471 participant aged 65-104 years, mean age 78.3 years) of the old adults living in the community in Poland. The participants were recruited randomly from all administrative regions of Poland by a three-stage, proportional, stratified-by-age group selection process...
October 27, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749211/depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-institutionalized-elderly
#14
Javier Jerez-Roig, Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Bartolomeu Fagundes de Lima Filho, Maria Amanda de Farias Bezerra, Monayane Grazielly Leite Matias, Lidiane Macedo Ferreira, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Dos Santos Amaral, Dyego Leandro Bezerra Souza, Kenio Costa Lima
: Background/Study Context: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in the elderly that leads to a decrease in quality of life and functional impairment, among other health problems. The study of depressive symptoms in institutionalized elderly is scarce in Latin America and can contribute to plan prevention and treatment actions in order to improve health conditions for the residents as well as quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and identify its associated factors in institutionalized elderly...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682442/protect-trial-a-multicentre-prospective-pragmatic-rct-and-health-economic-analysis-of-the-effect-of-tailored-repositioning-to-prevent-pressure-ulcers-study-protocol
#15
Dorien De Meyer, Nele Van Damme, Karen Van den Bussche, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dimitri Beeckman
AIM: The aims of this trial were as follows: (1) to compare the (cost-) effectiveness of a turning and repositioning system and an algorithm for a tailored repositioning vs. usual care to improve reposition frequency in patients at risk; and (2) to compare the (cost-) effectiveness of standardized incontinence care vs. usual care. BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a serious and common problem for hospitalized patients. In many countries, pressure ulcers are recognized as a national health issue and governments designate pressure ulcers as one of the most important sentinel events for health care...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651115/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-frailty-among-men-aged-80-years-and-older-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and its association with frailty among men aged 80 years and older in Taiwan METHODS: Residents living in four veterans retirement communities were invited for study and 440 men aged 80 years and older weer enrolled. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed for them, including using the following measurements: Clinical Frailty Scale, Northern Health and Social Care Trust (HSC)-Continence Assessment Form, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5), Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
September 21, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591445/-the-prevalence-of-chronic-diseases-and-geriatric-problems-a-comparison-of-nursing-home-residents-in-the-skilled-and-nonskilled-long-term-care-facilities-in-poland
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Violetta Kijowska, Michał Wilga, Katarzyna Szczerbińska
UNLABELLED: In Poland long-term care services are provided by skilled care and treatment facilities (ZOL) and nursing and care facilities (ZPO) both functioning within the health sector as well as by non-skilled nursing homes (DPS) situated in social care sector. Determinants of medical and nursing care provided by both sectors vary considerably in terms of organization (availability) and economic issues (costs of care). AIM: The aim of the study is to compare characteristics of residents in two types of long term care facilities (LTCFs) in Poland with a special focus on geriatric issues...
August 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590650/-the-prevalence-of-chronic-diseases-and-geriatric-problems-a-comparison-of-nursing-home-residents-in-the-skilled-and-nonskilled-long-term-care-facilities-in-poland
#18
REVIEW
Violetta Kijowska, Michał Wilga, Katarzyna Szczerbińska
UNLABELLED: In Poland long-term care services are provided by skilled care and treatment facilities (ZOL) and nursing and care facilities (ZPO) both functioning within the health sector as well as by non-skilled nursing homes (DPS) situated in social care sector. Determinants of medical and nursing care provided by both sectors vary considerably in terms of organization (availability) and economic issues (costs of care). AIM: The aim of the study is to compare characteristics of residents in two types of long term care facilities (LTCFs) in Poland with a special focus on geriatric issues...
July 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590032/stability-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-hospitalized-medicare-beneficiaries-discharged-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#19
Sandra F Simmons, Susan Bell, Avantika A Saraf, Chris S Coelho, Emily A Long, J M L Jacobsen, John F Schnelle, Eduard E Vasilevskis
OBJECTIVES: To assess multiple geriatric syndromes in a sample of older hospitalized adults discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and subsequently to home to determine the prevalence and stability of each geriatric syndrome at the point of these care transitions. DESIGN: Descriptive, prospective study. SETTING: One large university-affiliated hospital and four area SNFs. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-eight hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries discharged to SNFs (N = 58)...
October 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580565/state-of-health-and-quality-of-life-of-women-at-advanced-age
#20
Jarosław Pinkas, Mariusz Gujski, Ewa Humeniuk, Dorota Raczkiewicz, Przemysław Bejga, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
BACKGROUND Evaluation of the state of health, quality of life, and relationship between the level of the quality of life and health status in a group of women at advanced age (90 and more years) in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was conducted in 2014 in an all-Polish sample of 870 women aged 90 and over. The research instruments were: the author's questionnaire, and standardized tests: Katz index of independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) - BREF...
September 1, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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