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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214051/effects-of-a-straw-phonation-protocol-on-acoustic-measures-of-an-satb-chorus-singing-two-contrasting-renaissance-works
#1
Jeremy N Manternach, Chad Clark, James F Daugherty
BACKGROUND: Researchers have found that semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) exercises may increase vocal economy by reducing phonation threshold pressure and effort while increasing or maintaining consistent acoustic output. This research has focused solely on individual singers. Much singing instruction, however, takes place in choral settings. Choral singers may use different resonance strategies or unconsciously adjust their singing based on the ability to hear their own sound in relation to others...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213331/mitochondrial-metabolism-and-energy-sensing-in-tumor-progression
#2
REVIEW
Luisa Iommarini, Anna Ghelli, Giuseppe Gasparre, Anna Maria Porcelli
Energy homeostasis is pivotal for cell fate since metabolic regulation, cell proliferation and death are strongly dependent on the balance between catabolic and anabolic pathways. In particular, metabolic and energetic changes have been observed in cancer cells even before the discovery of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, but has been neglected for a long time. Instead, during the past 20years a renaissance of the study of tumor metabolism has led to a revised and more accurate sight of the metabolic landscape of cancer cells...
February 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203349/depth-perception-and-the-history-of-three-dimensional-art-who-produced-the-first-stereoscopic-images
#3
Kevin R Brooks
The history of the expression of three-dimensional structure in art can be traced from the use of occlusion in Palaeolithic cave paintings, through the use of shadow in classical art, to the development of perspective during the Renaissance. However, the history of the use of stereoscopic techniques is controversial. Although the first undisputed stereoscopic images were presented by Wheatstone in 1838, it has been claimed that two sketches by Jacopo Chimenti da Empoli (c. 1600) can be to be fused to yield an impression of stereoscopic depth, while others suggest that Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is the world's first stereogram...
January 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192874/lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-transposition-renaissance-of-an-old-concept-in-the-light-of-new-anatomy
#4
Amgad Hanna
INTRODUCTION: Meralgia paresthetica causes pain in the anterolateral thigh. Most surgical procedures involve nerve transection or decompression. We conducted a cadaveric study to determine the feasibility of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) transposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In three cadavers, the LFCN was exposed in the thigh and retroperitoneum. The two layers of the LFCN canal superficial and deep to the nerve were opened. The nerve was then mobilized medially away from the ASIS, by cutting the septum medial to sartorius...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186963/an-oral-quinoline-derivative-mpt0b392-causes-leukemic-cells-mitotic-arrest-and-overcomes-drug-resistant-cancer-cells
#5
Min-Wu Chao, Han-Li Huang, Wei-Chun HuangFu, Kai-Cheng Hsu, Yi-Min Liu, Yi-Wen Wu, Chao-Feng Lin, Yi-Lin Chen, Mei-Jung Lai, Hsueh-Yun Lee, Jing-Ping Liou, Che-Ming Teng, Chia-Ron Yang
Despite great advances in the treatment of acute leukemia, a renaissance of current chemotherapy needs to be improved. The present study elucidates the underlying mechanism of a new synthetic quinoline derivative, MPT0B392 (B392) against acute leukemia and its potential anticancer effect in drug resistant cells. B392 caused mitotic arrest and ultimately led to apoptosis. It was further demonstrated to be a novel microtubule-depolymerizing agent. The effects of oral administration of B392 showed relative potent anti-leukemia activity in an in vivo xenograft model...
February 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177848/chinese-tcm-renaissance-and-the-global-movement-for-integrative-health-and-medicine
#6
John Weeks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174725/2015-james-w-freston-single-topic-conference-a%C3%A2-renaissance%C3%A2-in-the-understanding-and-management-of%C3%A2-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
Lin Chang, Margaret M Heitkemper, John W Wiley, Michael Camilleri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173156/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#8
Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168271/the-oculist-s-eye-connections-between-cataract-couching-anatomy-and-visual-theory-in-the-renaissance
#9
Tawrin Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166525/a-newly-discovered-babinski-sign-in-a-renaissance-painting
#10
Laurent Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155146/enzyme-histochemistry-for-functional-histology-in-invertebrates
#11
Francesca Cima
In invertebrates, enzyme histochemistry has recently found a renaissance regarding its applications in morphology and ecology. Many enzyme activities are useful for the morphofunctional characterization of cells, as biomarkers of biological and pathologic processes, and as markers of the response to environmental stressors. Here, the adjustments to classic techniques, including the most common enzymes used for digestion, absorption, transport, and oxidation, as well as techniques for azo-coupling, metal salt substitution and oxidative coupling polymerization, are presented in detail for various terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152257/imaging-near-orthopedic-hardware
#12
REVIEW
Matthew F Koff, Alissa J Burge, Kevin M Koch, Hollis G Potter
: Over one million total joint replacement surgeries were performed in the US in 2013 alone, and this number is expected to more than double by 2030. Traditional imaging techniques for postoperative evaluation of implanted devices, such as radiography, computerized tomography, or ultrasound, utilize ionizing radiation, suffer from beam hardening artifact, or lack the inherent high contrast necessary to adequately evaluate soft tissues around the implants, respectively. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), due to its ability to generate multiplanar, high-contrast images without the use of ionizing radiation is ideal for evaluating periprosthetic soft tissues but has traditionally suffered from in-plane and through-plane data misregistration due to the magnetic susceptibility of implanted materials...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149297/keeping-it-all-going-complement-meets-metabolism
#13
REVIEW
Martin Kolev, Claudia Kemper
The complement system is an evolutionary old and crucial component of innate immunity, which is key to the detection and removal of invading pathogens. It was initially discovered as a liver-derived sentinel system circulating in serum, the lymph, and interstitial fluids that mediate the opsonization and lytic killing of bacteria, fungi, and viruses and the initiation of the general inflammatory responses. Although work performed specifically in the last five decades identified complement also as a critical instructor of adaptive immunity-indicating that complement's function is likely broader than initially anticipated-the dominant opinion among researchers and clinicians was that the key complement functions were in principle defined...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148521/beyond-melancholy-sadness-and-selfhood-in-renaissance-england
#14
Tom Russ
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140461/pathfinders-in-oncology-from-the-end-of-the-middle-ages-to-the-beginning-of-the-19th-century
#15
Steven I Hajdu
During the 3 centuries reviewed herein, all that was known regarding cancer was limited to Italy, France, Germany, and England. Practically nothing was written about cancer in the rest of the known world, including the newly discovered geographic areas in the Americas, Africa, and Australia. The 7 pioneer physicians considered in this review lived through some of the most turbulent geopolitical, social, and religious upheavals that Europe had experienced during the Renaissance. Despite their diverse social, political, and religious backgrounds and disparate personalities, they were united in their commitment to the advancement of medicine and oncology and to spreading knowledge through printed texts...
January 31, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135839/delivering-successful-randomized-controlled-trials-in-surgery-methods-to-optimize-collaboration-and-study-design
#16
Natalie S Blencowe, Jonathan A Cook, Thomas Pinkney, Chris Rogers, Barnaby C Reeves, Jane M Blazeby
Randomized controlled trials in surgery are notoriously difficult to design and conduct due to numerous methodological and cultural challenges. Over the last 5 years, several UK-based surgical trial-related initiatives have been funded to address these issues. These include the development of Surgical Trials Centers and Surgical Specialty Leads (individual surgeons responsible for championing randomized controlled trials in their specialist fields), both funded by the Royal College of Surgeons of England; networks of research-active surgeons in training; and investment in methodological research relating to surgical randomized controlled trials (to address issues such as recruitment, blinding, and the selection and standardization of interventions)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123116/the-first-organ-based-free-ontology-for-arthropods-ontology-of-arthropod-circulatory-systems-oarcs-and-its-integration-into-a-novel-formalization-scheme-for-morphological-descriptions
#17
Christian S Wirkner, Torben Göpel, Jens Runge, Jonas Keiler, Bastian-Jesper Klussmann-Fricke, Katarina Huckstorf, Stephan Scholz, Istvan Mikó, Matt Yoder, Stefan Richter
Morphology, the oldest discipline in the biosciences, is currently experiencing a renaissance in the field of comparative phenomics. However, morphological/phenotypic research still suffers on various levels from a lack of standards. This shortcoming, first highlighted as the "linguistic problem of morphology", concerns the usage of terminology but also the need for formalization of morphological descriptions themselves, something of paramount importance not only to the field of morphology but also when it comes to the use of phenotypic data in systematics and evolutionary biology...
January 25, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118680/surgical-wisdom-and-genghis-khan-s-pax-mongolica
#18
Jakob Köstenbauer
BACKGROUND: The unrivalled conquests of Genghis Khan (CE c.1162-1227) led to the establishment of the Greater Mongolian Empire. By 1279, the Mongol dynasty controlled a vast Empire which, for the first time in history, unified Europe and China via the famous Silk Road. The ensuing century of peace and stability is referred to by historians as the Pax Mongolica, which facilitated Europe's renaissance and remarkably contributed to the rise of modern medicine and surgery. METHODS: Secondary sources from published literature, primary sources from manuscripts and illustrations courtesy of universities, museum libraries and archives...
January 24, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118009/the-postsynthetic-renaissance-in-porous-solids
#19
Seth M Cohen
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have rapidly grown into a major area of chemical research over the last two decades. MOFs represent the development of covalent chemistry "beyond the molecule" and into extended structures. MOFs also present an unprecedented scaffold for performing heterogeneous organic transformations in the solid state, allowing for deliberate and precise preparation of new materials. The development of these transformations has given rise to the "postsynthetic renaissance", a suite of methods by which these materials can be transformed in a single-crystal-to-single-crystal manner...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114267/the-clubfoot-over-the-centuries
#20
Ilaria Sanzarello, Matteo Nanni, Cesare Faldini
The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years through the documentation present in the literature and art with the aim of better understanding the pathoanatomy of the deformity, but to also clarify factors that allow a safe, logical approach to clubfoot management. The initial part of this paper traces the most representative iconographic representations of clubfoot in history to describe how his presence was witnessed since ancient times. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was the first to present written references about treatment methods of clubfoot...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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