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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928894/the-renaissance-of-life-near-the-boiling-point-at-last-genetics-and-metabolic-engineering
#1
Michael W W Adams, Robert M Kelly
We discuss here the prospects for biotechnology of extreme thermophilic microorganisms.
December 8, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916502/renaissance-of-isoprenoids-research
#2
EDITORIAL
Vladimir A Khripach, Pavel B Drašar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916188/editorial-commentary-renaissance-of-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-is-history-repeating-itself
#3
EDITORIAL
Erik Hohmann
In a comparative Level III study, Achtnich et al. compared suture anchor repair of acute proximal anterior cruciate ligament avulsion tears with single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with the quadrupled semitendinosus tendon. Short-term follow-up at a mean of 28 months showed that the between-group differences were not different. These results are encouraging but not different from other published series 25+ years ago. Only time will tell whether the long-term outcomes are identical and whether these techniques will also die a slow death...
December 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908937/the-centrosome-a-multitalented-renaissance-organelle
#4
REVIEW
Anastassiia Vertii, Heidi Hehnly, Stephen Doxsey
The centrosome acts as a microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) from the G1 to G2 phases of the cell cycle; it can mature into a spindle pole during mitosis and/or transition into a cilium by elongating microtubules (MTs) from the basal body on cell differentiation or cell cycle arrest. New studies hint that the centrosome functions in more than MT organization. For instance, it has recently been shown that a specific substructure of the centrosome-the mother centriole appendages-are required for the recycling of endosomes back to the plasma membrane...
December 1, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908674/renaissance-of-protein-crystallization-and-precipitation-in-biopharmaceuticals-purification
#5
REVIEW
Raquel Dos Santos, Ana Luísa Carvalho, A Cecília A Roque
The current chromatographic approaches used in protein purification are not keeping pace with the increasing biopharmaceutical market demand. With the upstream improvements, the bottleneck shifted towards the downstream process. New approaches rely in Anything But Chromatography methodologies and revisiting former techniques with a bioprocess perspective. Protein crystallization and precipitation methods are already implemented in the downstream process of diverse therapeutic biological macromolecules, overcoming the current chromatographic bottlenecks...
November 28, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899070/multigene-phylogenetic-analysis-redefines-dung-beetles-relationships-and-classification-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-scarabaeinae
#6
Sergei Tarasov, Dimitar Dimitrov
BACKGROUND: Dung beetles (subfamily Scarabaeinae) are popular model organisms in ecology and developmental biology, and for the last two decades they have experienced a systematics renaissance with the adoption of modern phylogenetic approaches. Within this period 16 key phylogenies and numerous additional studies with limited scope have been published, but higher-level relationships of this pivotal group of beetles remain contentious and current classifications contain many unnatural groupings...
November 29, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#7
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888682/affective-temperaments-as-measured-by-temps-a-among-self-poisoning-nonlethal-suicide-attempters
#8
Amir Rezaei Ardani, Farhad Farid Hosseini, Zahra Asadpour, Amir Masoud Hashemian, Bita Dadpour, Mahsa Nahidi
Suicidal behaviors are serious public health problems. The prominent association of mood disorders with suicide, along with the renaissance of the spectrum concept of psychiatric disorders in the recent decades, prioritizes the investigation of temperament variants in suicidal individuals. This study aimed to explore the relationship between affective temperaments and nonviolent suicide attempts. We administered Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto questionnaire (TEMPS-A) to 141 (27 males and 114 females) consecutive self-poisoning non-lethal suicide attempters at a Medical Toxicology Center and a sex and age matched group of healthy individuals (28 males, 112 females)...
November 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875640/an-untold-story-the-important-contributions-of-muslim-scholars-for-the-understanding-of-human-anatomy
#9
REVIEW
Malak A Alghamdi, Janine M Ziermann, Rui Diogo
It is usually assumed that Galen is one of the fathers of anatomy and that between the Corpus Galenicum and the Renaissance there was no major advance in anatomical knowledge. However, it is also consensually accepted that Muslim scholars had the intellectual leadership from the 8th/9th to 13th centuries, and that they made remarkable progresses in numerous scientific fields including medicine. So, how is it possible that they did not contribute to advance human anatomy during that period? According to the dominant view Muslim scholars exclusively had a passive role: their transmission of knowledge from the Greeks to the West...
November 22, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864316/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#10
Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863684/sandy-florence-the-renaissance-man
#11
Gregory Gregoriadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852139/the-handedness-of-historiated-spiral-columns
#12
Robert Couzin
Trajan's Column in Rome (AD 113) was the model for a modest number of other spiral columns decorated with figural, narrative imagery from antiquity to the present day. Most of these wind upwards to the right, often with a congruent spiral staircase within. A brief introductory consideration of antique screw direction in mechanical devices and fluted columns suggests that the former may have been affected by the handedness of designers and the latter by a preference for symmetry. However, for the historiated columns that are the main focus of this article, the determining factor was likely script direction...
November 17, 2016: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834010/three-saints-with-deformed-extremities-in-an-italian-renaissance-altarpiece
#13
W R Albury, G M Weisz
A fifteenth-century Florentine altarpiece painted by the Pollaiuolo brothers, Antonio (1433-1498) and Piero (1443-1496), shows three saints with evident deformities of the hands and feet. The pathologies concerned are tentatively identified, and various rationales for their presence in the painting are discussed. Of particular importance is the location of the altarpiece in a chapel which houses the tomb of the Cardinal of Portugal, Prince James of Lusitania (1433-1459). It is argued that both the artistic style of the day and the religious symbolism of the Cardinal's funeral chapel contributed to the artists' decision to portray the saints with deformities...
November 11, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829499/botallo-s-error-or-the-quandaries-of-the-universality-assumption
#14
REVIEW
Paolo Bartolomeo, Tal Seidel Malkinson, Stefania de Vito
One of the founding principles of human cognitive neuroscience is the so-called universality assumption, the postulate that neurocognitive mechanisms do not show major differences among individuals. Without negating the importance of the universality assumption for the development of cognitive neuroscience, or the importance of single-case studies, here we aim at stressing the potential dangers of interpreting the pattern of performance of single patients as conclusive evidence concerning the architecture of the intact neurocognitive system...
October 19, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814488/from-protein-rna-predictions-toward-a-peptide-rna-code
#15
Kristopher W Brannan, Gene W Yeo
The RNA field is undergoing a renaissance, with a deluge of proteins being identified to bind RNA. Two reports now introduce proteome-wide approaches that identify the peptides that are crosslinked to RNA (Castello et al., 2016; He et al., 2016).
November 3, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812339/aesthetic-preferences-for-eastern-and-western-traditional-visual-art-identity-matters
#16
Yan Bao, Taoxi Yang, Xiaoxiong Lin, Yuan Fang, Yi Wang, Ernst Pöppel, Quan Lei
Western and Chinese artists have different traditions in representing the world in their paintings. While Western artists start since the Renaissance to represent the world with a central perspective and focus on salient objects in a scene, Chinese artists concentrate on context information in their paintings, mainly before the mid-19th century. We investigated whether the different typical representations influence the aesthetic preference for traditional Chinese and Western paintings in the different cultural groups...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807716/the-contribution-of-intellectuals-to-the-history-of-traumatology-during-the-renaissance-treatment-of-femoral-fracture-through-fran%C3%A3-ois-rabelais-glossocomion
#17
REVIEW
Francesco Manzini, Claudio Manzini, Giancarlo Cesana, Michele Augusto Riva
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, intellectuals often included clinical cases and medical descriptions in their literary works. These authors appeared to be more interested in internal and infectious diseases rather than in musculoskeletal disorders and orthopaedics. François Rabelais (1490-1553) was one of the most renowned humanists and philologists of the sixteenth century. He was also a physician with an interest in translating ancient texts of medical authors. Rabelais rediscovered a device for treating femoral fracture originally described by the Roman physician Galen and named as glossocomion...
November 2, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799428/raman-spectroscopic-analysis-of-a-noli-me-tangere-painting
#18
Stephen Hibberts, Howell G M Edwards, Mona Abdel-Ghani, Peter Vandenabeele
The discovery of an oil painting in seriously damaged condition with an important historical and a heterodox detail with possible origins in the late fifteenth century has afforded the opportunity for Raman microscopic analysis prior to its restoration being undertaken. The painting depicts a risen Christ following His crucifixion in a 'noli me tangere' pose with three women in an Italian terrace garden with a stone balustrade overlooking a rural landscape and an undoubted view of late-medieval Florence. The picture has suffered much abuse and is in very poor condition, which is possibly attributable to its controversial portrayal of a polydactylic Christ with six toes on His right foot...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799425/raman-spectroscopic-analysis-of-an-important-visigothic-historiated-manuscript
#19
Elizabeth A Carter, Fernando Rull Perez, Jesús Medina Garcia, Howell G M Edwards
Raman spectroscopy has been used to study fragments of early Visigothic historiated manuscripts from the important mediaeval library at Santo Domingo de Silos which were a part of a Beato dating from the tenth to the mid-eleventh centuries. These fragments are from some of the oldest manuscripts in the scriptorium of the monastery. In this study, a comparison is made between the pigments and inks used on these manuscripts and those used in a previous study of the unique Visigothic Beato de Valcavado in Santa Cruz, Valladolid, completed in the year 970, which is noted for its quality of execution as well as its content and is remarkable eschatologically in being identifiable as the complete work of only a single scribe...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783034/aptamers-a-new-technological-platform-in-cancer-immunotherapy
#20
REVIEW
Fernando Pastor
The renaissance of cancer immunotherapy is, nowadays, a reality. In the near future, it will be very likely among the first-line treatments for cancer patients. There are several different approaches to modulate the immune system to fight against tumor maladies but, so far, monoclonal antibodies may currently be the most successful immuno-tools used to that end. The number of ongoing clinical trials with monoclonal antibodies has been increasing exponentially over the last few years upon the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of the first immune-checkpoint blockade antibodies...
October 24, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
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