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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317515/howard-wilcox-haggard-and-the-institutionalization-of-modern-alcohol-studies
#1
Nicholas Allred, William Bejarano, Judit Ward
OBJECTIVE: This biographical sketch and accompanying bibliography provide a new look at Howard Wilcox Haggard, M.D., Ph.D., whose career highlights the consolidation of alcohol studies as a field in twentieth-century America. METHOD: The article relies in large part on the works of Haggard assembled for the bibliography project, supplemented by published and unpublished documents and records from collections at Rutgers University. RESULTS: Haggard began his career in respiratory physiology, influenced by his work on chemical weapons for the Army during the First World War...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293963/raav-integration-and-genotoxicity-insights-from-animal-models
#2
Randy Joseph Chandler, Mark Sands, Charles Paul Venditti
Currently, clinical gene therapy is experiencing a Renaissance with new products for clinical use approved in Europe and clinical trials for multiple diseases reporting positive results, especially those using recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors. Amidst this new success, it is prudent to recall that the field of gene therapy experienced tragic setbacks in 1999 and 2002 because of the serious adverse events related to retroviral and adenoviral gene delivery in two clinical trials that resulted in the death of two patients...
March 15, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284502/palaeopathology-of-the-earlobe-crease-frank-s-sign-new-insights-from-renaissance-art
#3
Francesco M Galassi, Claudio Borghi, Roberta Ballestriero, Michael E Habicht, Maciej Henneberg, Frank J Rühli
Several studies have associated the earlobe crease sign, discovered by Sanders T. Frank in 1973, with cardiovascular pathology, yet very few studies have focused on the antiquity of this trait, with the most ancient one thought to date back to the Roman Emperor Hadrian (76-138CE). This article presents two more cases from the Italian Renaissance in the works of the artist Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506) and examines them in a multidisciplinary fashion.
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283341/neoclassical-canons-of-facial-beauty-do-we-see-the-deviations
#4
Andrej Pavlic, Magda Trinajstic Zrinski, Visnja Katic, Stjepan Spalj
AIM: To explore the presence of neoclassical canons of facial beauty among young people in Croatia and to question possible psychosocial repercussions occurring in those who demonstrate deviations in relation to canons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and the sample included 249 subjects (60% female) aged 12-39 (median 20). Their en face and profile photographs were taken in Natural Head Position. Photogrammetry included analysis of nine neoclassical canons of facial beauty originating from the Renaissance...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270789/universal-principles-of-depicting-oneself-across-the-centuries-from-renaissance-self-portraits-to-selfie-photographs
#5
Claus-Christian Carbon
Selfie-photography is generally thought of as a cultural mass phenomenon of the early 21st century, inseparably related to the development and triumph of the smartphone with integrated camera. Western culture, however, has been highly familiar with self-depictions since the Renaissance days. Putting the contemporary selfie into this historic context covering more than five centuries of cultural development from Dürer's (1500) famous "Self-Portrait at 28" (also known as "Selbstbildnis im Pelzrock") to today's Instagram galleries allows for identifying central parallels concerning the technical and social antecedents as well as common underlying psychological factors and shared properties of different kinds of self-depiction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266134/a-small-plant-with-big-benefits-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-linn-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#6
REVIEW
Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata, Debasis Bagchi, Anupam Bishayee
Plant-derived natural products have long-standing utility towards treating degenerative diseases. It is estimated that about two-third of world population depend on traditional medicine for primary medical needs. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.), a short-living annual medicinal plant belonging to Fabaceae family, is used extensively in various parts of the world as herb, food, spice and traditional medicine. Fenugreek is considered as one of the oldest medicinal plants and its health-promoting effects have been cited in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214051/effects-of-a-straw-phonation-protocol-on-acoustic-measures-of-an-satb-chorus-singing-two-contrasting-renaissance-works
#7
Jeremy N Manternach, Chad Clark, James F Daugherty
BACKGROUND: Researchers have found that semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) exercises may increase vocal economy by reducing phonation threshold pressure and effort while increasing or maintaining consistent acoustic output. This research has focused solely on individual singers. Much singing instruction, however, takes place in choral settings. Choral singers may use different resonance strategies or unconsciously adjust their singing based on the ability to hear their own sound in relation to others...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213331/mitochondrial-metabolism-and-energy-sensing-in-tumor-progression
#8
REVIEW
Luisa Iommarini, Anna Ghelli, Giuseppe Gasparre, Anna Maria Porcelli
Energy homeostasis is pivotal for cell fate since metabolic regulation, cell proliferation and death are strongly dependent on the balance between catabolic and anabolic pathways. In particular, metabolic and energetic changes have been observed in cancer cells even before the discovery of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, but have been neglected for a long time. Instead, during the past 20years a renaissance of the study of tumor metabolism has led to a revised and more accurate sight of the metabolic landscape of cancer cells...
February 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203349/depth-perception-and-the-history-of-three-dimensional-art-who-produced-the-first-stereoscopic-images
#9
Kevin R Brooks
The history of the expression of three-dimensional structure in art can be traced from the use of occlusion in Palaeolithic cave paintings, through the use of shadow in classical art, to the development of perspective during the Renaissance. However, the history of the use of stereoscopic techniques is controversial. Although the first undisputed stereoscopic images were presented by Wheatstone in 1838, it has been claimed that two sketches by Jacopo Chimenti da Empoli (c. 1600) can be to be fused to yield an impression of stereoscopic depth, while others suggest that Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is the world's first stereogram...
January 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192874/lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-transposition-renaissance-of-an-old-concept-in-the-light-of-new-anatomy
#10
Amgad S Hanna
Meralgia paresthetica causes pain in the anterolateral thigh. Most surgical procedures involve nerve transection or decompression. We conducted a cadaveric study to determine the feasibility of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) transposition. In three cadavers, the LFCN was exposed in the thigh and retroperitoneum. The two layers of the LFCN canal superficial and deep to the nerve were opened. The nerve was then mobilized medially away from the ASIS, by cutting the septum medial to sartorius. It was possible to mobilize the nerve for 2 cm medial to the ASIS...
April 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186963/an-oral-quinoline-derivative-mpt0b392-causes-leukemic-cells-mitotic-arrest-and-overcomes-drug-resistant-cancer-cells
#11
Min-Wu Chao, Han-Li Huang, Wei-Chun HuangFu, Kai-Cheng Hsu, Yi-Min Liu, Yi-Wen Wu, Chao-Feng Lin, Yi-Lin Chen, Mei-Jung Lai, Hsueh-Yun Lee, Jing-Ping Liou, Che-Ming Teng, Chia-Ron Yang
Despite great advances in the treatment of acute leukemia, a renaissance of current chemotherapy needs to be improved. The present study elucidates the underlying mechanism of a new synthetic quinoline derivative, MPT0B392 (B392) against acute leukemia and its potential anticancer effect in drug resistant cells. B392 caused mitotic arrest and ultimately led to apoptosis. It was further demonstrated to be a novel microtubule-depolymerizing agent. The effects of oral administration of B392 showed relative potent anti-leukemia activity in an in vivo xenograft model...
February 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177848/chinese-tcm-renaissance-and-the-global-movement-for-integrative-health-and-medicine
#12
John Weeks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174725/2015-james-w-freston-single-topic-conference-a%C3%A2-renaissance%C3%A2-in-the-understanding-and-management-of%C3%A2-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#13
Lin Chang, Margaret M Heitkemper, John W Wiley, Michael Camilleri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173156/renaissance-surgery-between-learning-and-craft
#14
Domenico Bertoloni Meli, Cynthia Klestinec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168271/the-oculist-s-eye-connections-between-cataract-couching-anatomy-and-visual-theory-in-the-renaissance
#15
Tawrin Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166525/a-newly-discovered-babinski-sign-in-a-renaissance-painting
#16
Laurent Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155146/enzyme-histochemistry-for-functional-histology-in-invertebrates
#17
Francesca Cima
In invertebrates, enzyme histochemistry has recently found a renaissance regarding its applications in morphology and ecology. Many enzyme activities are useful for the morphofunctional characterization of cells, as biomarkers of biological and pathologic processes, and as markers of the response to environmental stressors. Here, the adjustments to classic techniques, including the most common enzymes used for digestion, absorption, transport, and oxidation, as well as techniques for azo-coupling, metal salt substitution and oxidative coupling polymerization, are presented in detail for various terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152257/imaging-near-orthopedic-hardware
#18
REVIEW
Matthew F Koff, Alissa J Burge, Kevin M Koch, Hollis G Potter
Over one million total joint replacement surgeries were performed in the US in 2013 alone, and this number is expected to more than double by 2030. Traditional imaging techniques for postoperative evaluation of implanted devices, such as radiography, computerized tomography, or ultrasound, utilize ionizing radiation, suffer from beam hardening artifact, or lack the inherent high contrast necessary to adequately evaluate soft tissues around the implants, respectively. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), due to its ability to generate multiplanar, high-contrast images without the use of ionizing radiation is ideal for evaluating periprosthetic soft tissues but has traditionally suffered from in-plane and through-plane data misregistration due to the magnetic susceptibility of implanted materials...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149297/keeping-it-all-going-complement-meets-metabolism
#19
REVIEW
Martin Kolev, Claudia Kemper
The complement system is an evolutionary old and crucial component of innate immunity, which is key to the detection and removal of invading pathogens. It was initially discovered as a liver-derived sentinel system circulating in serum, the lymph, and interstitial fluids that mediate the opsonization and lytic killing of bacteria, fungi, and viruses and the initiation of the general inflammatory responses. Although work performed specifically in the last five decades identified complement also as a critical instructor of adaptive immunity-indicating that complement's function is likely broader than initially anticipated-the dominant opinion among researchers and clinicians was that the key complement functions were in principle defined...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148521/beyond-melancholy-sadness-and-selfhood-in-renaissance-england
#20
Tom Russ
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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