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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319482/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-emotional-wellbeing-and-support-needs-of-new-mothers-from-afghanistan-living-in-melbourne-australia
#1
Alana Russo, Belinda Lewis, Andrew Joyce, Belinda Crockett, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: The Afghan community is a priority population for many health and social services within the southeast region of Melbourne, which is home to the largest population of Afghanistan-born people within the state of Victoria. The majority of Afghan women arriving in Australia are of childbearing age, and evidence suggests that they are at increased risk of emotional challenges following birth as a result of the refugee and migration experience. This research aimed to explored the experiences of Afghan women living in Melbourne throughout pregnancy, birth, and early motherhood, and gain insight into the aspects of their experiences that they perceive as positively and negatively impacting their emotional wellbeing...
2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26018208/depression-anxiety-and-pharmacotherapy-around-the-time-of-pregnancy-in-hawaii
#2
Emily K Roberson, Eric L Hurwitz, Dongmei Li, Robert V Cooney, Alan R Katz, Abby C Collier
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common conditions among pregnant and postpartum women, but population-based information is lacking on treatments and help-seeking behaviors. PURPOSE: This study described the prevalence of depression, anxiety, pharmaceutical treatment, and help-seeking behaviors among a multiethnic population of women with recent live births in Hawaii. METHOD: Hawaii Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data from 4735 respondents were weighted to be representative of all pregnancies resulting in live births in Hawaii in 2009-2011 and were used to estimate the prevalence of several indicators related to anxiety and depression before, during, and after pregnancy among women with recent live births...
August 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25416557/task-sharing-of-a-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-in-khayelitsha-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Crick Lund, Marguerite Schneider, Thandi Davies, Memory Nyatsanza, Simone Honikman, Arvin Bhana, Judith Bass, Paul Bolton, Michael Dewey, John Joska, Ashraf Kagee, Landon Myer, Inge Petersen, Martin Prince, Dan J Stein, Graham Thornicroft, Mark Tomlinson, Atalay Alem, Ezra Susser
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression carries a major public health burden for mothers and their infants, yet there is a substantial treatment gap for this condition in low-resourced regions such as sub-Saharan Africa. To address this treatment gap, the strategy of "task sharing" has been proposed, involving the delivery of interventions by non-specialist health workers trained and supervised by specialists in routine healthcare delivery systems. Several psychological interventions have shown benefit in treating maternal depression, but few have been rigorously evaluated using a task sharing approach...
2014: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24349745/determining-the-latent-tuberculosis-infection-by-ifn-%C3%AE-elispot-assay-in-healthcare-workers-from-university-hospitals-of-shiraz-south-west-of-iran
#4
Mohammad Taheri, Hamid Bazrafkan, Mojtaba Habibagahi
BACKGROUND: Classical screening methods are incapable to properly detect LTBI (Latent TB Infection) and HCWs (Healthcare Workers) are at the high risk of exposure. Only few reports estimated the prevalence of LTBI among Iranian HCWs and they mostly used the TST (Tuberculin Skin Test), rather than assessing the response against TB-specific antigens. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to determine the frequency of IFN - γ producing blood cells of microbiology and radiology ward technicians by an in-house IFN - γ ELISPOT assay in the University hospitals of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) against recombinant ESAT - 6 and PPD antigens...
June 2013: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24206796/providing-detailed-information-about-latent-tuberculosis-and-compliance-with-the-ppd-test-among-healthcare-workers-in-israel-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Danielle Taubman, Nava Titler, Hana Edelstein, Mazen Elias, Walid Saliba
BACKGROUND: The compliance of screening for latent tuberculosis (TB) with the tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) test is very low among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Israel. METHODS: This randomized controlled study uses the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a conceptual framework to examine whether providing more information about latent TB and the PPD test increases the response rate for PPD screening among HCWs. All candidate HCWs for latent TB screening were randomly allocated to one of the following two invitations to perform the PPD test: regular letter (control group, n=97), and a letter with information about latent TB and the PPD test (intervention group, n=196)...
December 2013: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23805600/the-relationships-between-postpartum-adaptation-and-postpartum-depression-symptoms-of-first-pregnancy-mothers-in-taiwan
#6
Ciao-Lin Ho, Lu-I Chang, Kong-Sang Wan
BACKGROUND: Motherhood is a critical situation characterized by role conflicts. These conflicts between the roles of mother, worker, and wife are the norm in the postpartum period and may jeopardize a mother's well-being. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between postpartum adaptation and depression among new mothers who live in northern Taiwan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 186 first pregnancy mothers were recruited via convenience sampling methods and they completed mailed questionnaires between 1 week and 2 months after giving birth...
2013: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23784766/diagnosing-peritoneal-tuberculosis
#7
C Clancy, Y Bokhari, P M Neary, M Joyce
A 37-year-old male healthcare worker presented to the medical assessment unit complaining of a 3-month history of lethargy, weight loss, night sweats and intermittent abdominal discomfort. On examination there was some dullness to percussion at the right lung base and decreased breath sounds. He had mild generalised tenderness in his abdomen. Blood tests were normal. Chest x-ray and CT of the thorax showed small bilateral pleural effusions with no other abnormality. CT of the abdomen and pelvis however, showed ascites with extensive thickening of the peritoneum and marked induration of the mesentery and omentum...
June 19, 2013: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20937012/pain-as-a-confounding-factor-in-postnatal-depression-screening
#8
Renaud Jardri, Michel Maron, Pierre Delion, Pierre Thomas
BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression (PND) is one of the most serious complications following delivery in developed countries today. Thus, early screening strategies by first-line healthcare workers are of primary importance. Pain following childbirth has been proposed as a possible risk-marker for later depressive disorder. We tested this assumption and explored the possible link between pain and overestimation of PND risk in routine clinical screenings. METHODS: We assessed 320 women between the third and fifth day after delivery as well as at 8 weeks post-partum (PP)...
December 2010: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19236281/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-on-quantiferon-tb-gold-assay-results
#9
Nira R Pollock, Suely S Kashino, Danielle R Napolitano, Alex Sloutsky, Swati Joshi, Jasmine Guillet, Michael Wong, Edward Nardell, Antonio Campos-Neto
To evaluate the utility of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold assay for monitoring latent tuberculosis treatment efficacy, the assay was performed serially for healthcare workers receiving isoniazid therapy. After 9 months of isoniazid therapy, all of these healthcare workers remained QuantiFERON-TB Gold positive, and cellular proliferation assays revealed persistently strong purified protein derivative responses. These results do not support the use of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold assay to monitor therapy.
April 2009: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18713053/discordant-quantiferon-tb-gold-test-results-among-us-healthcare-workers-with-increased-risk-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-a-problem-or-solution
#10
Nira R Pollock, Antonio Campos-Neto, Suely Kashino, Danielle Napolitano, Samuel M Behar, Daniel Shin, Alex Sloutsky, Swati Joshi, Jasmine Guillet, Michael Wong, Edward Nardell
OBJECTIVE: In late 2006, our hospital implemented use of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) assay, a whole-blood interferon-gamma release assay, for detection of tuberculosis infection. All newly hired healthcare workers (HCWs) with positive Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST) results were routinely tested with the QFT-G assay, to take advantage of its higher specificity. We then undertook a quality assurance review to evaluate the QFT-G test results in HCWs with multiple risk factors for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI)...
September 2008: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18403047/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-german-radiologists
#11
V Barsegian, K D Mathias, P Wrighton-Smith, H Grosse-Wilde, M Lindemann
Healthcare workers have an increased risk of tuberculosis infection compared with the general population. There have been few attempts to quantify the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection amongst German healthcare workers, due to inadequacy of the current tuberculin skin test (TST). Therefore, it was our aim to investigate the prevalence of latent tuberculosis in this cohort using a tuberculosis-specific ELISpot (T-SPOT.TB) test and to compare the performance of this test to that of the TST. Ninety-five healthy participants working in departments of radiology were examined by ELISpot, lymphocyte transformation test and TST...
May 2008: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18399144/-a-survey-on-the-infection-rate-of-tuberculosis-among-employees-of-the-antituberculosis-institutions-in-henan-province-china
#12
Guo-jie Wang, Shi-wen Ma, Xin-an Zhen, Lan-tao Meng, Ji-ying Xu, Yan-qiu Zhang, Zhan-feng Liu, Dong-liang Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the situation of tuberculosis (TB) infection among the employees of the anti-TB institutions in Henan. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was adopted the employees working in all municipal-level- anti-TB institutions and 40 anti-TB institutions at county-level selected randomly from 109 counties of the province were regarded as surveyed objects. Tuberculin skin test (TST) was used to test the infection with PPD. RESULTS: 2153 employees accepting the TST and the positive rate was 60...
October 2007: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17955356/postpartum-depression-racial-differences-and-ethnic-disparities-in-a-tri-racial-and-bi-ethnic-population
#13
Guo Wei, Linda B Greaver, Stephen M Marson, Cynthia H Herndon, James Rogers et al.
OBJECTIVES: This research investigated the differences and disparities of postpartum depression in a sample of African American, Hispanic, Native American, and White women. METHODS: A sample of 586 women were administered the Beck-Gable PDSS at 6-weeks postpartum. Factor analysis was applied to analyze the similarities among African American, Hispanic, Native American, and White participants. Confidence intervals of the rates of depression by group were estimated, followed by statistical tests to determine the differences among these rates...
November 2008: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17497307/healthcare-worker-s-perceptions-of-barriers-to-care-by-immigrant-women-with-postpartum-depression-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#14
L Teng, E Robertson Blackmore, D E Stewart
OBJECTIVE: We interviewed healthcare workers working in Toronto, Canada, regarding their experience of providing care to recent immigrant women suffering from postpartum depression. The objective was two-fold: 1) to identify potential barriers to care that recent immigrant women may encounter as perceived by healthcare workers; and 2) to identify challenges healthcare workers felt that they faced as providers of care to this population. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 key informants from various disciplines employed by healthcare agencies providing care to postpartum immigrant women in Toronto...
2007: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16970639/prevalence-of-tuberculous-infection-and-active-tuberculosis-in-old-age-homes-in-hong-kong
#15
Moira Chan-Yeung, Felix H W Chan, Amy H K Cheung, David L K Dai, Leung-Wing Chu, Wah-Kit Lam, Chi-Chiu Leung, Kai-Man Kam, Cheuk-Ming Tam
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of tuberculous infection and active tuberculosis (TB) in old age homes in Hong Kong and to determine whether there is institutional transmission in these homes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Old age homes. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 2,243 residents, representing 84.6% of all residents in 15 old age homes; 1,698 were women, and 545 were men, with an average age of 82. MEASUREMENTS: All residents had a questionnaire-based interview, medical record review, two-stage tuberculin testing using two units purified protein derivative-RT23, and a chest x-ray...
September 2006: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16671023/screening-for-tuberculosis-infection-using-whole-blood-interferon-gamma-and-mantoux-testing-among-japanese-healthcare-workers
#16
Nobuyuki Harada, Yutsuki Nakajima, Kazue Higuchi, Yukie Sekiya, Jim Rothel, Toru Mori
OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that results of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold assay (QFT-G), a whole-blood test for detection of tuberculosis infection, are more significantly related to known risk factors for tuberculosis infection in healthcare workers (HCWs) who have received bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine than are results of the Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST). DESIGN: All HCWs (approximately 510) from a 370-bed general hospital in Tokyo where patients with and patients without tuberculosis are treated were invited to participate in the study...
May 2006: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14649769/utility-of-dual-skin-tests-to-evaluate-tuberculin-skin-test-reactions-of-10-to-14-mm-in-healthcare-workers
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bryan J Marsh, Joshua San Vicente, C Fordham von Reyn
OBJECTIVE: To define the utility of 10- to 14-mm reactions to a Mycobacterium tuberculosis purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test for healthcare workers (HCWs). DESIGN: Blinded dual skin testing, using PPD and M. avium sensitin, of HCWs at a single medical center who had a 10- to 14-mm reaction to PPD when tested by personnel from the Occupational Health Department as part of routine annual screening. SETTING: A single tertiary-care academic medical center...
November 2003: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12710832/recommendations-for-using-smallpox-vaccine-in-a-pre-event-vaccination-program-supplemental-recommendations-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-acip-and-the-healthcare-infection-control-practices-advisory-committee-hicpac
#18
Melinda Wharton, Raymond A Strikas, Rafael Harpaz, Lisa D Rotz, Benjamin Schwartz, Christine G Casey, Michele L Pearson, Larry J Anderson, et al.
This report supplements the 2001 statement by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) (CDC. Vaccinia [smallpox] vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP], 2001. MMWR 2001;50[No. RR-10]:1-25). This supplemental report provides recommendations for using smallpox vaccine in the pre-event vaccination program in the United States. To facilitate preparedness and response, smallpox vaccination is recommended for persons designated by public health authorities to conduct investigation and follow-up of initial smallpox cases that might necessitate direct patient contact...
April 4, 2003: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12400887/tuberculin-skin-testing-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-university-of-malaya-medical-centre-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#19
Lian-Huat Tan, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Chong-Kin Liam, Toong-Chow Lee
OBJECTIVES: To determine the occupational risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers (HCWs) and to examine the utility of tuberculin skin testing in a developing country with a high prevalence of bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccination. DESIGN: Tuberculin skin test (TST) survey. SETTING: A tertiary-care referral center and a teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: HCWs from medical, surgical, and orthopedic wards...
October 2002: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11700874/tuberculosis-and-tuberculin-quality-best-intentions-misleading-results
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M S Rangel-Frausto, S Ponce-De-León-Rosales, C Martinez-Abaroa, K Hasløv
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of three purified protein derivative (PPD) formulations: Tubersol (Connaught); RT23, Statens Serum Institut (SSI); and RT23, Mexico, tested in Mexican populations at low and high risk for tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: A double-blinded clinical trial. SETTING: A university hospital in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: The low-risk population was first or second-year medical students with no patient contact; the high-risk population was healthcare workers at a university hospital...
August 2001: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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