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Pancreas surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734722/guidelines-for-the-understanding-and-management-of-pain-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#1
REVIEW
Asbjørn M Drewes, Stefan A W Bouwense, Claudia M Campbell, Güralp O Ceyhan, Myriam Delhaye, Ihsan Ekin Demir, Pramod K Garg, Harry van Goor, Christopher Halloran, Shuiji Isaji, John P Neoptolemos, Søren S Olesen, Tonya Palermo, Pankaj Jay Pasricha, Andrea Sheel, Tooru Shimosegawa, Eva Szigethy, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav
Abdominal pain is the foremost complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Pain can be related to recurrent or chronic inflammation, local complications or neurogenic mechanisms with corresponding changes in the nervous systems. Both pain intensity and the frequency of pain attacks have been shown to reduce quality of life in patients with CP. Assessment of pain follows the guidelines for other types of chronic pain, where the multidimensional nature of symptom presentation is taken into consideration. Quantitative sensory testing may be used to characterize pain, but is currently used in a research setting in advanced laboratories...
July 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733926/perioperative-management-of-endocrine-insufficiency-after-total-pancreatectomy-for-neoplasia
#2
REVIEW
Ajay V Maker, Raashid Sheikh, Vinita Bhagia
PURPOSE: Indications for total pancreatectomy (TP) have increased, including for diffuse main duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and malignancy; therefore, the need persists for surgeons to develop appropriate endocrine post-operative management strategies. The brittle diabetes after TP differs from type 1/2 diabetes in that patients have absolute deficiency of insulin and functional glucagon. This makes glucose management challenging, complicates recovery, and predisposes to hospital readmissions...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733739/variation-and-treatment-of-vessels-in-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy
#3
Kai Ye, Jianan Lin, Yafeng Sun, Yiyang Wu, Jianhua Xu, Songbing He
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of complete mesocolic excision (CME) and the application of laparoscopic technique, surgery for colon cancer has become more standardized and the curative effect has improved [1]. The key points in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy are high ligation of main vessels and root dissection of lymph nodes. The wide range of variations in vascular architecture and intraoperative bleeding are common causes of prolonged surgical time, wound hemorrhage, and even transfer to the opening operation...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733257/analysis-of-fnb-vs-fna-in-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-and-abdominal-masses-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Bin Cheng, Yueming Zhang, Qian Chen, Bo Sun, Zhuang Deng, Hongbo Shan, Lizhou Dou, Jinglin Wang, Yawen Li, Xiujiang Yang, Tianan Jiang, Guoliang Xu, Guiqi Wang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needles with side fenestrations are used to collected aspirates for cytology analysis and biopsy samples for histologic analysis. We conducted a large, multicenter study to compare the accuracy of diagnosis via specimens collected with fine-needle biopsy (FNB) vs fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for patients with pancreatic and non-pancreatic masses. METHODS: We performed a prospective single-blind study at 5 tertiary care centers in China...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731996/-pancreatitis-genes-and-islet-cells-auto-transplant-updates-and-new-horizons
#5
Edgardo D Rivera Rivera
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that can progress from an acute presentation to an acute recurring presentation and eventually to chronic pancreatitis, which is characterized by irreversible morphological changes and scarring of the pancreas. The entity known as hereditary pancreatitis has been recognized in the literature for years and certainly the discovery of the PRSS1 gene in 1996 marked the beginning of a new era of genetic discoveries associated with the disease. Since then, multiple genes have been described as the causing agents of pancreatitis or disease modifiers, some of the most important ones being the PRSS1, SPINK1, CFTR, CASR, CTRC, CLDN2, and CPA1...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730678/prognosis-following-cancer-surgery-during-holiday-periods
#6
Jesper Lagergren, Fredrik Mattsson, Pernilla Lagergren
Surgery is the mainstay curative treatment in most cancer. We aimed to test the new hypothesis that cancer surgery performed during holiday periods is associated with worse long-term prognosis than for non-holiday periods. This nationwide Swedish population-based cohort study included 228,927 patients during 1997-2014 who underwent elective resectional surgery for a cancer where the annual number of resections was over 100. The 16 eligible cancer sites were grouped into 10 cancer groups. The exposure, holiday periods, was classified as wide (14-weeks) or narrow (7-weeks)...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718090/a-large-retroperitoneal-lymphatic-malformation-successfully-treated-with-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-in-combination-with-surgery
#7
Toko Shinkai, Kouji Masumoto, Fumiko Chiba, Nao Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Current treatment options for lymphatic malformations (LMs) are multimodal. Recently, the effectiveness of treating LMs with Eppikajyutsuto (TJ-28) has been reported. TJ-28 is a kind of oral herbal medicine classified as the traditional Japanese Kampo medicine. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital for intermittent upper abdominal pain. Radiological examinations revealed a large (9.5 × 5.8 × 10.0 cm) retroperitoneal LM, which was suspected to adhering and stretching both pancreas head and duodenum...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711377/pancreas-exocrine-replacement-therapy-is-associated-with-increased-survival-following-pancreatoduodenectomy-for-periampullary-malignancy
#8
Keith J Roberts, Harald Schrem, James Hodson, Roberta Angelico, Bobby V M Dasari, Chris A Coldham, Ravi Marudanayagam, Robert P Sutcliffe, Paolo Muiesan, John Isaac, Darius F Mirza
BACKGROUND: Although many patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for cancer have pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) is not routinely used, and effects upon post-operative survival are unclear. METHODS: This review of patients undergoing PD for periampullary malignancy sought to test for an association between PERT and overall survival, with post-hoc subgroup analysis performed after stratifying patients by the year of surgery, pancreatic duct width and tumour type...
July 12, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702166/venous-occlusion-test-applied-to-the-tributaries-of-the-superior-mesenteric-veins-of-the-pancreas-head-infiltrated-by-tumor
#9
Enio Campos Amico, José Roberto Alves, Samir Assi João, Joafran Alexandre Costa de Medeiros, Rogério Lacerda Sousa
A 64-year-old white woman presented with cholestatic jaundice, weight loss and a solid lesion in the pancreas head. At multislice computed tomography, a superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and one of it tributaries showed signs of tumor infiltration. At surgery, a venous occlusion test applied to the infiltrated tributary of the SMV showed immediate venous congestion in two-thirds of the distal small intestine. No reconstruction attempt was made due to the small size of the vessel. A biliodigestive anastomosis and lymph node biopsy was performed...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699200/ultrasonographic-features-of-insulinoma-in-six-ferrets
#10
Ruey-Shyuan Wu, Yi-Jing Liu, Che-Chu Chu, Hock Gan Heng, Min-Yuan Chia, Hsien-Chi Wang, Kuan-Sheng Chen
Insulinoma is a functional, insulin-secreting tumor, arising from the beta islet cells of the pancreas. It is one of the most common neoplasms in ferrets and has been associated with clinical signs of hypoglycemia, such as ptyalism, pawing at the mouth, seizures, lethargy, and coma. The ultrasonographic features of insulinoma in ferrets have not been previously reported. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe the ultrasonographic features of confirmed insulinoma in a group of ferrets...
July 11, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699131/-pancreas-compressionless-gastrectomy-a-novel-laparoscopic-approach-for-suprapancreatic-lymph-node-dissection
#11
Masahiro Tsujiura, Naoki Hiki, Manabu Ohashi, Souya Nunobe, Koshi Kumagai, Satoshi Ida, Yasuhiro Okumura, Takeshi Sano, Toshiharu Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: In radical operations for gastric cancer, a balance between the quality of lymph node dissection and safety of surgery must be ensured. During suprapancreatic lymphadenectomy in laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG), an adequate operative field should be safely and effectively established to reduce pancreas-related complications. We present a novel approach that avoids direct compression of the pancreas in LG and describe the surgical outcomes of this method. METHODS: We historically compressed the pancreas during suprapancreatic lymph node dissection in LG to obtain an adequate operative field but have since modified our operative technique...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694665/pancreas-preserving-distal-duodenectomy-a-versatile-operation-for-a-range-of-infra-papillary-pathologies
#12
W Kyle Mitchell, Pradeep F Thomas, Abed M Zaitoun, Adam J Brooks, Dileep N Lobo
AIM: To investigate the range of pathologies treated by pancreas preserving distal duodenectomy (PPDD) and present the outcome of follow-up. METHODS: Neoplastic lesions of the duodenum are treated conventionally by pancreaticoduodenectomy. Lesions distal to the major papilla may be suitable for a pancreas-preserving distal duodenectomy, potentially reducing morbidity and mortality. We present our experience with this procedure. Selective intraoperative duodenoscopy assessed the relationship of the papilla to the lesion...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693204/treatment-of-a-mixed-acinar-endocrine-carcinoma-with-uptake-on-68-gallium-dotatoc-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#13
Anneleen De Both, Marc De Man, Roberto Troisi, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Anne Hoorens, Karen Geboes
The case of a 35-year old female patient with a diagnosis of metastatic mixed acinar-endocrine carcinoma (MAEC) is investigated in the present study. The patient was believed to have a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (NET) with a high Ki-67 index and uptake on (68)Gallium-DOTATOC positron emission tomography-computed tomography for 9 years, and was treated accordingly. The patient had long lasting disease control by treatment with sunitinib, and a response was observed in numerous lesions with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT)...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693147/pancreatic-intraductal-tubulopapillary-neoplasm-with-associated-invasive-cancer-successfully-treated-by-total-pancreatectomy-a-case-report
#14
Yuji Fujimoto, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hiromi Tamura, Kozo Noguchi, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Kazuteru Oshima, Tsukasa Tanida, Tomono Kawase, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Masashi Yamamoto, Tsutomu Nishida, Shiro Adachi, Keizo Dono
A 74-year-old male was admitted to Departments of Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital (Osaka, Japan) for treatment of a pancreatic tumor. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass with small cystic lesions in the pancreatic head and body. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/CT revealed an abnormal uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose, corresponding to the mass lesions. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed rough mucosa near the opening of the accessory pancreatic duct, and the mucosa biopsy exhibited adenocarcinoma with no mucin observed...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689866/pancreatic-resection-in-the-era-of-laparoscopy-state-of-art-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Manuela Cesaretti, Lelio Bifulco, Renato Costi, Alban Zarzavadjian Le Bian
BACKGROUND: Innovation in surgical devices and improvement in laparoscopic skills have gradually led to achieve more challenging surgical procedures. Among these demanding interventions is the pancreatic surgery that is seen as intraoperatively risky and with high postoperative morbi-mortality rate. In order to understand the complexity of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery, we performed a systematic review of literature. DATA SOURCE: A systematic review of literature was performed regarding laparoscopic pancreatic resection...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682797/surgery-of-pancreas-transplantation
#16
Mark Reza Laftavi, Angelika Gruessner, Rainer Gruessner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The surgical techniques of pancreas transplantation have been evolving and significantly improved over time. This article discusses different current techniques and their modifications. RECENT FINDING: At this time, the most commonly used technique is systemic venous drainage (for venous outflow) and enteric drainage (for management of exocrine pancreatic secretions). However, new modifications of established techniques such as gastric or duodenal exocrine drainage and venous drainage to the inferior vena cava continue to be introduced...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682431/uptodate-in-the-assessment-and-management-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas
#17
D Pagliari, A Saviano, M L Serricchio, A A Dal Lago, M G Brizi, F Lanza, R Manfredi, A Gasbarrini, F Attili
Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms (IPMNs) are the most common cystic tumors of the pancreas and are considered premalignant lesions. IPMNs are characterized by the papillary growth of the ductal epithelium with rich mucin production, which is responsible for cystic segmental or diffuse dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) and/or its branches. According to the different involvement of pancreatic duct system, IPMNs are divided into main duct type (MD-IPMN), branch duct type (BD-IPMN), and mixed type (MT-IPMN)...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679401/heterotopic-pancreas-in-the-omphalomesenteric-duct-remnant-in-a-9-month-old-girl-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Zitong Zhao, Chiang Khi Sim, Sangeeta Mantoo
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic pancreas most commonly occurs in the upper gastrointestinal tract of adults, usually as an incidental finding. It seldom occurs at the umbilicus, and even rarely in the pediatric age group. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present a case of heterotopic pancreatic tissue in the omphalomesenteric duct remnant of a 9-month-old baby girl. She presented with redness at the base of the umbilicus associated with occasional mild wetness. A urachal fistula was suspected by ultrasound...
July 5, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661312/mixed-donor-chimerism-following-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplant
#19
Armin Rashidi, Daniel C Brennan, Ina E Amarillo, Jason R Wellen, Amanda Cashen
OBJECTIVES: Graft-versus-host disease after solid-organ transplant is exceedingly rare. Although the precise pathogenetic mechanisms are unknown, a progressive increase in donor chimerism is a requirement for its development. The incidence of mixed donor chimerism and its timeline after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After encountering 2 cases of graft-versus-host disease after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant at our institution over a period of < 2 years, a collaborative pilot study was conducted by the bone marrow transplant, nephrology, and abdominal transplant surgery teams...
June 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660333/paraduodenal-pancreatitis-benign-and-malignant-mimics-at-mri
#20
Pardeep K Mittal, Peter Harri, Sadhna Nandwana, Courtney C Moreno, Takashi Muraki, Volkan Adsay, Kelly Cox, Burcin Pehlivanoglu, Lauren F Alexander, Argha Chatterjee, Frank H Miller
Paraduodenal pancreatitis, also known as groove pancreatitis, is a rare form of chronic pancreatitis that masquerades as pancreatic adenocarcinoma affecting the pancreaticoduodenal groove, a potential space between the head of the pancreas, duodenum, and common bile duct. Two forms of groove pancreatitis have been described. The segmental form involves the pancreatic head with development of scar tissue within the groove, whereas the pure form affects the groove only, sparing the pancreatic head. Imaging findings of groove pancreatitis often overlap with primary duodenal, ampullary, or pancreatic neoplasms, which often results in a diagnostic challenge...
June 28, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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