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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#1
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151094/glossolalia-and-aphasia-related-but-different-worlds
#2
Leila Chouiter, Jean-Marie Annoni
The word glossolalia, also referred to as "speaking in tongues," originates from the Greek "glossa" which means "language" and "Lalia" which means "speak." It simply means to talk language. On a linguistic perspective, glossolalia is characterized by almost no recognizable words or semantic content, apart from biblical words and phrases, with an overrepresentation of a small phonemes number, accelerated speech output, and modification of accents and melody. Its phonemic properties have been said to resemble those of the language(s) of the speaker...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151048/early-vasopressor-use-following-traumatic-injury-a-systematic-review
#3
Mathieu Hylands, Augustin Toma, Nicolas Beaudoin, Anne Julie Frenette, Frédérick D'Aragon, Émilie Belley-Côté, Emmanuel Charbonney, Morten Hylander Møller, Jon Henrik Laake, Per Olav Vandvik, Reed Alexander Siemieniuk, Bram Rochwerg, François Lauzier, Robert S Green, Ian Ball, Damon Scales, Srinivas Murthy, Joey S W Kwong, Gordon Guyatt, Sandro Rizoli, Pierre Asfar, François Lamontagne
OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines suggest limiting the use of vasopressors following traumatic injury; however, wide variations in practice exist. Although excessive vasoconstriction may be harmful, these agents may help reduce administration of potentially harmful resuscitation fluids. This systematic review aims to compare early vasopressor use to standard resuscitation in adults with trauma-induced shock. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150985/general-illness-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-chronic-nasal-symptoms
#4
Naveed Kara, Alexander C Yao, Julia Newton, Vincent Deary, James O'Hara, Janet A Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Only a minority of patients referred to specialists with sinonasal symptoms have clear evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of and associations between (i) general illness factors (fatigue, autonomic dysfunction) and (ii) psychological factors (anxiety, depression, somatisation, personality traits) in patients presenting with sinonasal symptoms. DESIGN: The following validated questionnaires were administered to patients: the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) to identify symptom burden, Composite Autonomic Symptom Score-31 (COMPASS-31) measuring autonomic function, Chalder fatigue questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) addressing somatisation symptoms, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the International Personality Item Pool-50 (IPIP-50)...
November 18, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150922/prospective-evaluation-of-a-nonsurgical-device-for-rhinoplasty
#5
M A Deggeller, D Holzmann, M B Soyka
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty represents one of the most challenging and frequently performed procedures in plastic surgery and non-surgical rhinoplasty is rarely considered. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the Nasella Nose Former (NNF), a newly developed non-surgical rhinoplasty device, could improve objective and subjective results following surgical rhinoplasty and even correct the shape of the nose without any surgery at all. METHODOLOGY: In this prospective, monocentric, two-armed, non-blinded randomized, controlled clinical trial, a total of 43 participants were included...
November 18, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#6
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149772/natural-history-of-infantile-onset-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#7
Stephen J Kolb, Christopher S Coffey, Jon W Yankey, Kristin Krosschell, W David Arnold, Seward B Rutkove, Kathryn J Swoboda, Sandra P Reyna, Ai Sakonju, Basil T Darras, Richard Shell, Nancy Kuntz, Diana Castro, Julie Parsons, Anne M Connolly, Claudia A Chiriboga, Craig McDonald, W Bryan Burnette, Klaus Werner, Mathula Thangarajh, Perry B Shieh, Erika Finanger, Merit E Cudkowicz, Michelle M McGovern, D Elizabeth McNeil, Richard Finkel, Susan T Iannaccone, Edward Kaye, Allison Kingsley, Samantha R Renusch, Vicki L McGovern, Xueqian Wang, Phillip G Zaworski, Thomas W Prior, Arthur H M Burghes, Amy Bartlett, John T Kissel
OBJECTIVE: Infantile-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the most common genetic cause of infant mortality, typically resulting in death prior to age 2. Clinical trials in this population require an understanding of disease progression and identification of meaningful biomarkers to hasten therapeutic development and predict outcomes. METHODS: A longitudinal, multi-center, prospective natural history study enrolled 26 SMA infants, and 27 control infants less than six months of age...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149549/workflow-for-target-oriented-parametrization-of-an-enhanced-mechanistic-cell-culture-model
#9
Sophia Ulonska, Paul Kroll, Jens Fricke, Christoph Clemens, Raphael Voges, Markus Michael Müller, Christoph Herwig
The goal of this study was to develop a macroscopic mechanistic model describing growth and production within fed-batch cultivations of CHO cells. The model should be used for process characterization as well as for process monitoring including real-time parameter adaptations. The model proved to be able to describe a data-set of 40 processes differing in clones, scales and process conditions with a normalized root mean square error of approximately 10%. However, due to limited parameter identifiability and limited knowledge about physiologically meaningful parameter values, a broad range of parameters could describe the data with similar quality...
November 17, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149507/registered-nurse-and-midwife-experiences-of-using-videoconferencing-in-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#10
REVIEW
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149452/contextual-and-individual-determinants-of-periodontal-disease-multilevel-analysis-based-on-andersen-s-model
#11
Maria I B Valente, Mario V Vettore
AIM: To investigate the relationship of contextual and individual factors with periodontal disease in dentate adults and older people using the Andersen's behavioural model. METHODS: Secondary individual data from 6011 adults and 2369 older people from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (2010) were combined with contextual data for 27 cities. Attachment loss (AL) categories for each sextant were coded and summed to obtain the periodontal disease measure. The association of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics at city and individual level with periodontal disease was assessed using an adapted version of the Andersen's behavioural model...
November 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149441/evidence-on-the-longitudinal-construct-validity-of-major-generic-and-utility-measures-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-teens-with-depression
#12
John F Dickerson, David H Feeny, Gregory N Clarke, Alex L MacMillan, Frances L Lynch
PURPOSE: To examine the longitudinal construct validity in the assessment of changes in depressive symptoms of widely used utility and generic HRQL instruments in teens. METHODS: 392 teens enrolled in the study and completed HRQL and diagnostic measures as part of the baseline interview. HRQL measures included EuroQol (EQ-5D-3L), Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3), Quality of Well-Being Scale (QWB), Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PEDS-QL), RAND-36 (SF-6D), and Quality of Life in Depression Scale (QLDS)...
November 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149383/diffusion-mri-in-pediatric-brain-injury
#13
Emily L Dennis, Talin Babikian, Christopher C Giza, Paul M Thompson, Robert F Asarnow
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health issue around the world and can be especially devastating in children as TBI can derail cognitive and social development. White matter (WM) is particularly vulnerable to disruption post-TBI, as myelination is ongoing during this period. Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) is a versatile modality for identifying and quantifying WM disruption and can detect diffuse axonal injury (DAI or TAI (traumatic axonal injury)). This review covers dMRI studies of pediatric TBI, including mild to severe injuries, and covering all periods post-injury...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148861/a-new-approach-for-determining-short-term-objective-prognostic-predictive-methods-for-terminal-cancer-patients-based-on-the-change-point-of-laboratory-test-values
#14
Kazuyuki Niki, Yoshiaki Okamoto, Yoshitaka Tabata, Mamiko Tsugane, Taizo Murata, Masao Mizuki, Yasushi Matsumura, Tatsuya Takagi, Etsuko Uejima
BACKGROUND: In terminal phase cancer, predicting a prognosis precisely plays an important role for patients and their families to live meaningful lives. However, there are no established short-term, objective prognostic predictive methods. OBJECTIVE: To develop simple, short-term, objective prognostic predictive methods through detecting a change point for laboratory test values. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Subjects were cancer patients aged ≥16 years and discharged dead from Osaka University Hospital in 2008...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148822/the-effect-of-a-silymarin-phosphatidylserine-and-galega-galactagogue-on-mothers-of-preterm-infants-milk-production
#15
Francesca Serrao, Mirta Corsello, Costantino Romagnoli, Vito D'Andrea, Enrico Zecca
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy of a galactagogue, containing Sylimarin-phosphatidylserine (SILITIDIL) and galega consumed in the first month after delivery by mothers of preterm infants, in maintaining milk production during the first 3-6 months after delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mothers of infants born at gestational age (GA) between 27 and 32 weeks, enrolled in our previous prospective, double-blind, randomized trial and randomly allocated to receive either the galactagogue (GG) or a placebo (PG), were asked about their milk production at 3 and 6 months after delivery...
November 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148423/non-invasive-vascular-biomarkers-in-patients-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-review-of-the-data-and-future-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Athanase D Protogerou, Efthimia G Nasothimiou, Petros P Sfikakis, Athanasios G Tzioufas
Vascular inflammation in small to large veins and arteries contributes substantially to mortality above that of the general population in Behçet's disease. Recent data verified also the presence of accelerated classical subclinical arterial damage (atheromatosis, arteriosclerosis, arterial hypertrophy) even in patients free of overt vascular complications, and may be complementary to that of vasculitis. Early detection of such vascular damage might provide helpful pathophysiological insight and potentially even guide treatment management...
October 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148128/step-ergometer-training-augmented-with-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-feasibility-study
#17
Candy Tefertiller, Don Gerber
Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in loss of upright mobility and independence subsequently challenging rehabilitation practitioners for meaningful intervention strategies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential impact on walking function of the stimulation and ergometer training protocol (STEP) in chronic SCI. Fourteen individuals with a chronic motor incomplete SCI (>1-year post injury) were enrolled in the study. The intervention consisted of a 12-week walking training program delivered three times per week from 20 up to 45 min in combination with 10 channels of FES on a step ergometer...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147781/a-dft-study-of-a-set-of-natural-dyes-for-organic-electronics
#18
Igo T Lima, Leonardo Sousa, Renato da S Freitas, Luiz Antonio Ribeiro Junior, Rafael Timóteo de Sousa Júnior, Demétrio A da Silva Filho
We systematically investigate, at density functional theory level, the electronic properties of a set of ten carotenoid molecules with different conjugation length. Ground state geometries were fully optimized using both B3LYP and its long-range corrected version, i.e., the CAM-B3LYP functional. The time-dependent DFT approach (TD-DFT) was also performed for the calculation of the excited states of the optimized geometries and the results were compared to the experimental ones, when available. Our findings indicate a dependence of the transition vertical energies, oscillator strengths, and transition dipole moments on the extension of conjugation, as expected...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146194/association-analyses-of-genetic-variants-in-long-non-coding-rna-malat1-with-breast-cancer-susceptibility-and-mrna-expression-of-malat1-in-chinese-han-population
#19
Rui Peng, Chenglin Luo, Qiaoyun Guo, Jingjing Cao, Qian Yang, Kaiyan Dong, Shuaibing Wang, Kaijuan Wang, Chunhua Song
The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1(MALAT1) has been implicated in breast cancer (BC). Polymorphisms in MALAT1 may play a vital role in the progress of breast cancer by its regulation function. However, potential genetic variants in MALAT1 affecting the development of BC is rarely explored. In our current molecular epidemiology study, all three tagging SNPs (rs3200401, rs619586 and rs7927113) in lncRNA MALAT1 were selected for genotyping in 487BCE patients and 489 cancer-free controls in Chinese Han population, and futher experiment of quantitative real-time (qRT) PCR was conducted to examine the relative expression of MALAT1...
November 13, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146163/a-comparative-biomechanical-study-of-femoral-cortical-suspension-devices-for-soft-tissue-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-adjustable-length-loop-versus-fixed-length-loop
#20
Moon Jong Chang, Tae Soo Bae, Young-Wan Moon, Jin Hwan Ahn, Joon Ho Wang
PURPOSE: To determine whether there are differences between adjustable-length loop and fixed-length loop devices in terms of the amount of displacement, temporal pattern of displacement, and ultimate failure load when tested using 4,500 cycles of sinusoidal loading with high loads (100-400 N). METHODS: Two cortical suspension devices with a fixed- or adjustable-length loop were tested. For our comparisons, a 20-mm fixed-length loop device and a fixed-length loop device with the same loop length were used...
November 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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