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Delayed onset muscle sites

James J O'Byrne, Maja Tarailo-Graovac, Aisha Ghani, Michael Champion, Charu Deshpande, Ali Dursun, Riza K Ozgul, Peter Freisinger, Ian Garber, Tobias B Haack, Rita Horvath, Ivo Barić, Ralf A Husain, Leo A J Kluijtmans, Urania Kotzaeridou, Andrew A Morris, Colin J Ross, Saikat Santra, Jan Smeitink, Mark Tarnopolsky, Saskia B Wortmann, Johannes A Mayr, Michaela Brunner-Krainz, Holger Prokisch, Wyeth W Wasserman, Ron A Wevers, Udo F Engelke, Richard J Rodenburg, Teck Wah Ting, Robert McFarland, Robert W Taylor, Ramona Salvarinova, Clara D M van Karnebeek
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial diseases, a group of multi-systemic disorders often characterized by tissue-specific phenotypes, are usually progressive and fatal disorders resulting from defects in oxidative phosphorylation. MTO1 (Mitochondrial tRNA Translation Optimization 1), an evolutionarily conserved protein expressed in high-energy demand tissues has been linked to human early-onset combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, often referred to as combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-10 (COXPD10)...
January 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Adriane Aver Vanin, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Eduardo Foschini Miranda, Gianna Móes Albuquerque-Pontes, Thiago De Marchi, Vanessa Dos Santos Grandinetti, Paulo Roberto Vicente de Paiva, Treice Beatriz Gonçalves Imperatori, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has recently been used to alleviate postexercise muscle fatigue and enhance recovery, demonstrating positive results. A previous study by our research group demonstrated the optimal dose for an infrared wavelength (810 nm), but the outcomes could be optimized further with the determination of the optimal output power. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PBMT (through low-level laser therapy) on postexercise skeletal muscle recovery and identify the best output power...
November 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Stefan Soltesz, Christian Stark, Karl G Noé, Michael Anapolski, Thomas Mencke
BACKGROUND: Adequate muscle relaxation is important for ensuring optimal conditions for intubation. Although acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis muscle is commonly used to assess conditions for intubation, we hypothesized that acceleromyography of the trapezius is more indicative of optimal intubating conditions. The primary outcome was the difference between both measurement sites with regard to prediction of good or acceptable intubating conditions. METHODS: Neuromuscular blockade after injection of rocuronium 0...
August 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Tessho Maruyama, Toshiyuki Nakasone, Fumikazu Nimura, Akira Matayoshi, Toshihiro Kawano, Kazuhide Nishihara, Akira Arasaki
Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) is a neoplasm of the soft tissue characterized by myofibroblastic differentiation. This type of tumor has been observed in various sites in the whole body, but frequently occurs in the head and neck region. It typically presents as a slow-growing painless mass, which is often mistaken for a benign lesion due to its indolent growth; however, LGMS is a malignant neoplasm. In the present study, a 43-year-old female presented with a 14-mm LGMS lesion in the buccal subcutaneous tissues of the buccinator muscle...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
Danièle Ranoux, Gaëlle Martiné, Gaëlle Espagne, Henri Salle, François Caire
We report here the case of four patients presenting with delayed-onset temporal pain after pterional craniotomy. They reported similar symptoms: attacks of pain over the temporal region, ipsilateral to the operative site, irradiating around the eye and lasting from 10 min to 1 h. All patients had hypertrophy of at least one part of the temporalis muscle. All responded dramatically to botulinum toxin A injection (25 to 50 Botox® units) into the temporalis muscle. We suggest that the headaches were caused by aberrant nerve regeneration following surgical injury to the frontal branch of the facial nerve...
August 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
R Bucci, F Lobbezoo, A Michelotti, C Orfanou, M Koutris
Masticatory muscle-pain patients often complain about sensorimotor changes, but the effects of pain on the psychophysical properties remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) on the jaw's position sense (PS) and occlusal sensitivity (OS). In all, 12 participants underwent intense concentric-eccentric jaw exercises. Self-reported muscle fatigue and pain, pain-free maximum mouth opening (MMO), pain pressure thresholds (PPTs) at right and left masseter and right and left anterior temporalis, maximum voluntary bite force (MVBF), PS and OS were recorded before, immediately after, 24 h, 48 h and 1 week after the exercises...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Lauren Taylor Rosenblum, Shashirekha Shamamandri-Markandaiah, Biswarup Ghosh, Emily Foran, Angelo C Lepore, Piera Pasinelli, Davide Trotti
Downregulation in the astroglial glutamate transporter EAAT2 in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and mutant SOD1 mouse models of ALS is believed to contribute to the death of motor neurons by excitotoxicity. We previously reported that caspase-3 cleaves EAAT2 at a unique cleavage consensus site located in its c-terminus domain, a proteolytic cleavage that also occurs in vivo in the mutant SOD1 mouse model of ALS and leads to accumulation of a sumoylated EAAT2 C-terminus fragment (CTE-SUMO1) beginning around onset of disease...
June 2017: Experimental Neurology
Kristin L Garlanger, William H Fredericks, Alexander Do, Brent A Bauer, Edward R Laskowski
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the use and effectiveness of acupuncture in adults after exercise have been well documented. Fewer studies involving acupuncture have been completed in the adolescent athlete population. To our knowledge, there are no published studies that investigate the use of acupuncture in adolescent athletes within their field of play. OBJECTIVE: To primarily assess the feasibility of performing acupuncture in adolescent Nordic skiers within their athletic environment, and secondarily to measure the effect of acupuncture on muscle soreness and sense of well-being...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Adriane Aver Vanin, Thiago De Marchi, S S Tomazoni, Olga Tairova, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the medium-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT or photobiomodulation) in postexercise skeletal muscle recovery and performance enhancement and to identify the optimal dose of 810 nm LLLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed, with voluntary participation of 28 high-level soccer athletes. We analyzed maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), creatine kinase (CK) activity, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Jonathan A Knibb, Noa Keren, Anna Kulka, P Nigel Leigh, Sarah Martin, Christopher E Shaw, Miho Tsuda, Ammar Al-Chalabi
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and usually fatal neurodegenerative disease. Survival from diagnosis varies considerably. Several prognostic factors are known, including site of onset (bulbar or limb), age at symptom onset, delay from onset to diagnosis and the use of riluzole and non-invasive ventilation (NIV). Clinicians and patients would benefit from a practical way of using these factors to provide an individualised prognosis. METHODS: 575 consecutive patients with incident ALS from a population-based registry in South-East England register for ALS (SEALS) were studied...
December 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Hideaki Hasuo, Tatsuhiko Ishihara, Kenji Kanbara, Mikihiko Fukunaga
Myofascial pain syndrome is started to be recognized as one of important factors of pain in cancer patients. However, no reports on features of myofascial trigger points were found in terminally-ill cancer populations. This time, we encountered 5 patients with myofascial pain syndrome and terminal cancer in whom delirium developed due to increased doses of opioid without a diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome on initial presentation. The delirium subsided with dose reductions of opioid and treatment of myofascial pain syndrome...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Sébastien Lévesque, Christiane Auray-Blais, Elaine Gravel, Michel Boutin, Laura Dempsey-Nunez, Pierre-Etienne Jacques, Sébastien Chenier, Sandrine Larue, Marie-France Rioux, Walla Al-Hertani, Amelie Nadeau, Jean Mathieu, Bruno Maranda, Valérie Désilets, Paula J Waters, Joan Keutzer, Stephanie Austin, Priya Kishnani
BACKGROUND: Late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) is a rare treatable lysosomal storage disorder characterized by progressive lysosomal glycogen accumulation and muscle weakness, with often a limb-girdle pattern. Despite published guidelines, testing for LOPD is often overlooked or delayed in adults, owing to its low frequency compared to other muscle disorders with similar muscle patterns. Next-generation sequencing has the capability to test concurrently for several muscle disorders. This could potentially lead to increased diagnosis of LOPD, disorders with non-specific muscle weakness or atypical patients...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Melanie Abongwa, Samuel K Buxton, Alan P Robertson, Richard J Martin
Nematode parasites may be controlled with drugs, but their regular application has given rise to concerns about the development of resistance. Drug combinations may be more effective than single drugs and delay the onset of resistance. A combination of the nicotinic antagonist, derquantel, and the macrocyclic lactone, abamectin, has been found to have synergistic anthelmintic effects against gastro-intestinal nematode parasites. We have observed in previous contraction and electrophysiological experiments that derquantel is a potent selective antagonist of nematode parasite muscle nicotinic receptors; and that abamectin is an inhibitor of the same nicotinic receptors...
2016: PloS One
Marie Collet, Zahra Assouline, Damien Bonnet, Marlène Rio, Franck Iserin, Daniel Sidi, Alice Goldenberg, Caroline Lardennois, Metodi Dimitrov Metodiev, Birgit Haberberger, Tobias Haack, Arnold Munnich, Holger Prokisch, Agnès Rötig
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family, member 9 (ACAD9) mutation is a frequent, usually fatal cause of early-onset cardiac hypertrophy and mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I deficiency in early childhood. We retrospectively studied a series of 20 unrelated children with cardiac hypertrophy and isolated complex I deficiency and identified compound heterozygosity for missense, splice site or frame shift ACAD9 variants in 8/20 patients (40%). Age at onset ranged from neonatal period to 9 years and 5/8 died in infancy...
August 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Allister Vale, Marcello Lotti
Both organophosphorus (OP) and carbamate insecticides inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which results in accumulation of acetylcholine (ACh) at autonomic and some central synapses and at autonomic postganglionic and neuromuscular junctions. As a consequence, ACh binds to, and stimulates, muscarinic and nicotinic receptors, thereby producing characteristic features. With OP insecticides (but not carbamates), "aging" may also occur by partial dealkylation of the serine group at the active site of AChE; recovery of AChE activity requires synthesis of new enzyme in the liver...
2015: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Wing Yin Lau, Anthony J Blazevich, Michael J Newton, Sam Shi Xuan Wu, Kazunori Nosaka
CONTEXT: Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a common muscle pain that many people experience and is often used as a model of acute muscle pain. Researchers have reported the effects of various interventions on DOMS, but different DOMS assessment protocols used in these studies make it difficult to compare the effects. OBJECTIVE: To investigate DOMS characteristics after elbow-flexor eccentric exercise to establish a standardized DOMS assessment protocol. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
November 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Romain K Gherardi, Josette Cadusseau, François-jérôme Authier
Aluminium oxyhydroxide (alum), a nanocrystalline compound that forms agglomerates, has been widely used as a vaccine adjuvant since 1927, but the mechanisms by which it stimulates immune responses remain poorly understood. Although generally well tolerated, alum may occasionally cause chronic health problems in presumably susceptible individuals. Some individuals may rarely develop delayed-onset diffuse myalgia, chronic exhaustion and cognitive dysfunction, associated with long-term persistence (up to 12 years) of alum-loaded macrophages at site of i...
January 2014: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
Gustaf M Van Acker, Carl W Luchies, Paul D Cheney
Numerous studies have reported large disparities between short cortico-muscle conduction latencies and long recorded delays between cortical firing and evoked muscle activity. Using methods such as spike- and stimulus-triggered averaging of electromyographic (EMG) activity, previous studies have shown that the time delay between corticomotoneuronal (CM) cell firing and onset of facilitation of forelimb muscle activity ranges from 6.7 to 9.8 ms, depending on the muscle group tested. In contrast, numerous studies have reported delays of 60-122 ms between cortical cell firing onset and either EMG or movement onset during motor tasks...
August 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Silvia Lo Vecchio, Lars J Petersen, Sara Finocchietti, Parisa Gazerani, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous hyperalgesia is prominent in the ultraviolet-B (UVB) model of inflammatory pain. This study investigated possible interactions between cutaneous and deep tissues hyperalgesia. METHODS: A total of 16 healthy volunteers participated in the study. Skin inflammation was induced unilaterally by UVB irradiation (three times of the individual minimal erythema dose) in square-shaped areas on the upper-trapezius and lower-back. Moderate delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was induced bilaterally in the low-back by eccentric exercise...
November 2015: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Zaki Alsahafi, Clayton T Dickson, Silvia Pagliardini
KEY POINTS: This study investigates the effects on ventilation of an excitatory stimulus delivered in a spatially and temporally precise manner to the inspiratory oscillator, the preBötzinger complex (preBötC). We used an adeno-associated virus expressing channelrhodopsin driven by the synapsin promoter to target the region of the preBötC. Unilateral optogenetic stimulation of preBötC increased respiratory rate, minute ventilation and increased inspiratory modulated genioglossus muscle activity...
August 15, 2015: Journal of Physiology
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