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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388704/a-novel-anti-cancer-agent-fpdhp-induces-anoikis-in-various-human-cancer-cells-through-activation-of-calpain-and-downregulation-of-anoikis-related-molecules
#1
Seon Goo Kim, Ji Hea Yooun, Dong Eun Kim, Eung-Seok Lee, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Shin Kim, Jong Wook Park
Resistance to anoikis and growth in anchorage-independent conditions are hallmarks of highly metastatic cancer cells. Anoikis is a type of apoptosis induced by inadequate cell/extracellular matrix (ECM) attachment and an attractive anti-cancer therapeutic strategy in cancer chemotherapeutic field. Therefore, the development of anoikis-inducing agents is useful and promising to overcome cancer. When FPDHP, a novel anoikis-inducing agent, was treated within 3h, FPDHP induced massive cell detachment in various human cancer cells, irrespective of apoptosis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222028/sodium-butyrate-enhanced-physical-barrier-function-referring-to-nrf2-jnk-and-mlck-signaling-pathways-in-the-intestine-of-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#2
Pei Wu, Li Tian, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Fei Xie, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Juan Yang, Yong-An Zhang, He-Qun Shi, Lin Feng
This study evaluated the effect of dietary sodium butyrate (SB) supplementation on the intestinal physical barrier function of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The fish were fed one powdery sodium butyrate (PSB) diet (1000.0 mg kg-1 diet) and five graded levels of microencapsulated sodium butyrate (MSB) diets: 0.0 (control), 500.0, 1000.0, 1500.0 and 2000.0 mg kg-1 diet for 60 days. Subsequently, a challenge test was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila to explore the effect of SB supplementation on intestinal physical barrier function and the potential mechanisms in fish...
February 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201181/long-term-exposure-to-ethanol-downregulates-tight-junction-proteins-through-the-protein-kinase-c%C3%AE-signaling-pathway-in-human-cerebral-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#3
Hao Yu, Changliang Wang, Xiaolong Wang, Hongbo Wang, Chunan Zhang, Jiabin You, Pengfei Wang, Chunmei Feng, Guohui Xu, Rui Zhao, Xu Wu, Guohua Zhang
Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) are the primary component of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Tight junction (TJ) proteins, including claudin, occludin and zonula occludens (ZO)-1, ZO-2 and ZO-3, maintain the structural integrity of BMECs. Ethanol activates the assembly and disassembly of TJs, which is a process that is regulated by protein kinase C (PKC). In addition, ethanol treatment leads to the loss of structural integrity, which damages the permeability of the BBB and subsequently affects central nervous system homeostasis, thus allowing additional substances to enter the brain...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199076/tension-dependent-stretching-activates-zo-1-to-control-the-junctional-localization-of-its-interactors
#4
Domenica Spadaro, Shimin Le, Thierry Laroche, Isabelle Mean, Lionel Jond, Jie Yan, Sandra Citi
Tensile forces regulate epithelial homeostasis, but the molecular mechanisms behind this regulation are poorly understood. Using structured illumination microscopy and proximity ligation assays, we show that the tight junction protein ZO-1 exists in stretched and folded conformations within epithelial cells, depending on actomyosin-generated force. We also show that ZO-1 and ZO-2 regulate the localization of the transcription factor DbpA and the tight junction membrane protein occludin in a manner that depends on the organization of the actin cytoskeleton, myosin-II activity, and substrate stiffness, resulting in modulation of gene expression, cell proliferation, barrier function, and cyst morphogenesis...
December 18, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187366/cell-confluence-regulates-claudin-2-expression-possible-role-for-zo-1-and-rac
#5
Yasaman Amoozadeh, Shaista Anwer, Qinghong Dan, Shruthi Venugopal, Yixuan Shi, Emily Branchard, Elisabeth Liedtke, Menachem Ailenberg, Ori D Rotstein, Andras Kapus, Katalin Szaszi
Claudin-2 (Cldn-2) is a channel-forming tight junction (TJ) protein in the proximal tubules that mediates paracellular Na+ transport and has also emerged as a regulator of proliferation and migration. Expression of Cldn-2 is altered by numerous stimuli, but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Here we show that Cldn-2 protein and mRNA expression were low in sub-confluent tubular cells and increased during junction maturation. Cldn-1 or occludin did not exhibit similar confluence-dependence...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100986/dietary-threonine-deficiency-depressed-the-disease-resistance-immune-and-physical-barriers-in-the-gills-of-juvenile-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-under-infection-of-flavobacterium-columnare
#6
Yu-Wen Dong, Lin Feng, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary threonine on the disease resistance, gill immune and physical barriers function of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 1080 juveniles were fed six iso-nitrogenous diets containing graded levels of threonine (3.99-21.66 g kg-1 diet) for 8 weeks, and then challenged with Flavobacterium columnare. Results showed that threonine deficiency (3.99 g kg-1 diet): (1) increased the gill rot morbidity after exposure to F. columnare; (2) attenuated the gill immune barrier function by decreasing antimicrobial substances production, up-regulating the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (except IL-12p40), and down-regulating the anti-inflammatory cytokines partly due to the modulation of NF-κB and TOR signaling...
January 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044161/apical-surface-supracellular-mechanical-properties-in-polarized-epithelium-using-noninvasive-acoustic-force-spectroscopy
#7
Alexander X Cartagena-Rivera, Christina M Van Itallie, James M Anderson, Richard S Chadwick
Maintenance of epithelial tissue integrity requires coordination between cell-cell adherens junctions, tight junctions (TJ), and the perijunctional actomyosin cytoskeleton. Here we addressed the hypothesis that alterations in TJ structure and remodeling of the actomyosin cytoskeleton modify epithelial mechanics. Current methods to measure supracellular mechanical properties disrupt intact monolayers, therefore, we developed a novel method using noncontact acoustic frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy (FM-AFM) and tested it on MDCK polarized monolayers...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034530/gene-expression-and-morphological-changes-in-the-intestinal-mucosa-associated-with-increased-permeability-induced-by-short-term-fasting-in-chickens
#8
S Gilani, G S Howarth, G Nattrass, S M Kitessa, R Barekatain, R E A Forder, C D Tran, R J Hughes
Short-term fasting for 4.5 and 9 hr has been demonstrated to increase intestinal permeability (IP) in chickens. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 0, 4.5, 9 and 19.5 hr fasting on intestinal gene expression and villus-crypt architecture of enterocytes in jejunal and ileal samples. On day 38, Ross-308 male birds were fasted according to their group and then euthanised. Two separate intestinal sections (each 2 cm long, jejunum and ileum) were collected. One section was utilised for villus height and crypt depth measurements...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983606/parp%C3%A2-1-may-be-involved-in-hydroquinone%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-by-poly-adp%C3%A2-ribosylation-of-zo%C3%A2-2
#9
Jiaxian Liu, Qian Yuan, Xiaoxuan Ling, Qiang Tan, Hairong Liang, Jialong Chen, Lianzai Lin, Yongmei Xiao, Wen Chen, Linhua Liu, Huanwen Tang
Hydroquinone (HQ), a major reactive metabolite of benzene, contributes to benzene‑induced leukemia. The molecular mechanisms that underlie this activity remain to be elucidated. Poly ADP‑ribosylation (PARylation) is a type of reversible posttranslational modification that is performed by enzymes in the PAR polymerase (PARP) family and mediates different biological processes, including apoptosis. Zona occludens 2 (ZO‑2) is a tight junction scaffold protein, which is involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961272/sorbin-and-sh3-domain-containing-protein-2-sorbs2-is-a-component-of-the-acto-myosin-ring-at-the-apical-junctional-complex-in-epithelial-cells
#10
Karin Fredriksson-Lidman, Christina M Van Itallie, Amber J Tietgens, James M Anderson
SORBS2 is a scaffolding protein associated with Abl/Arg non-receptor tyrosine kinase pathways and is known to interact with actin and several other cytoskeletal proteins in various cell types. Previous BioID proximity labeling of tight and adherens junction proteins suggested that SORBS2 is a component of the apical junction complex of epithelial cells. We asked whether SORBS2 plays a previously unappreciated role in controlling perijunctional actin and tight junction barrier function. Using super resolution imaging we confirmed that SORBS2 is localized at the apical junction complex but farther from the membrane than ZO-1 and located partially overlapping both the tight- and adherens junctions with a periodic concentration that alternates with myosin IIB in polarized epithelial cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715808/retinoic-acid-facilitates-toll-like-receptor-4-expression-to-improve-intestinal-barrier-function-through-retinoic-acid-receptor-beta
#11
Yingying Li, Yuan Gao, Ting Cui, Ting Yang, Lan Liu, Tingyu Li, Jie Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vitamin A (VA) protects the intestinal epithelial barrier by improving cell migration and proliferation. Our previous studies demonstrated that VA deficiency (VAD) during pregnancy suppresses the systemic and mucosal immune responses in the intestines of offspring and that VA supplementation (VAS) during early life can increase immune cell counts. However, little is known about the mechanisms by which VA regulates intestinal epithelial barrier function. METHODS: Caco-2 cells were treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for 24 hours to determine the optimum ATRA concentration to which the cells in question respond...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617990/cell-specific-diversity-in-the-expression-and-organization-of-cytoplasmic-plaque-proteins-of-apical-junctions
#12
Ekaterina Vasileva, Sophie Sluysmans, Marie-Luce Bochaton-Piallat, Sandra Citi
Tight and adherens junctions play critical roles in the barrier, adhesion, and signaling functions of epithelial and endothelial cells. How the molecular organization of these junctions is tuned to the widely diverse physiological requirements of each tissue type is not well understood. Here, we address this question by examining the expression, localization, and interactions of major cytoplasmic plaque proteins of tight and adherens junctions in different cultured epithelial and endothelial cell lines. Immunoblotting and immunofluorescence analyses show that the expression profiles of cingulin, paracingulin, ZO-1, ZO-2, ZO-3, PLEKHA7, afadin, PDZD11, p120-catenin, and α-catenin, as well as the transmembrane junctional proteins occludin, E-cadherin, and VE-cadherin, are significantly diverse when comparing kidney cells (MDCK, mCCD), keratinocytes (HaCaT), lung carcinoma (A427, A549), and endothelium-derived cells (bEnd...
October 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610850/dietary-myo-inositol-deficiency-decreased-the-growth-performances-and-impaired-intestinal-physical-barrier-function-partly-relating-to-nrf2-jnk-e2f4-and-mlck-signaling-in-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#13
Shuang-An Li, Wei-Dan Jiang, Lin Feng, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xu Tang, He-Qun Shi, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary myo-inositol on the growth and intestinal physical barrier functions of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 young grass carp (221.83 ± 0.84 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of myo-inositol (27.0, 137.9, 286.8, 438.6, 587.7 and 737.3 mg/kg) for 10 weeks. After the growth trial, fish were challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. The results indicated that compared with optimal myo-inositol levels, myo-inositol deficiency (27...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554775/zonula-occludens-2-regulates-rho-proteins-activity-and-the-development-of-epithelial-cytoarchitecture-and-barrier-function
#14
Arturo Raya-Sandino, Alejandro Castillo-Kauil, Alaide Domínguez-Calderón, Lourdes Alarcón, David Flores-Benitez, Francisco Cuellar-Perez, Bruno López-Bayghen, Bibiana Chávez-Munguía, José Vázquez-Prado, Lorenza González-Mariscal
Silencing Zonula occludens 2 (ZO-2), a tight junctions (TJ) scaffold protein, in epithelial cells (MDCK ZO-2 KD) triggers: 1) Decreased cell to substratum attachment, accompanied by reduced expression of claudin-7 and integrin β1, and increased vinculin recruitment to focal adhesions and stress fibers formation; 2) Lowered cell-cell aggregation and appearance of wider intercellular spaces; 3) Increased RhoA/ROCK activity, mediated by GEF-HI recruitment to cell borders by cingulin; 4) Increased Cdc42 activity, mitotic spindle disorientation and the appearance of cysts with multiple lumens; 5) Increased Rac and cofilin activity, multiple lamellipodia formation and random cell migration but increased wound closure; 6) Diminished cingulin phosphorylation and disappearance of planar network of microtubules at the TJ region; and 7) Increased transepithelial electrical resistance at steady state, coupled to an increased expression of ZO-1 and claudin-4 and a decreased expression of claudin-2 and paracingulin...
October 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477369/sorting-nexin-27-interactome-in-t-lymphocytes-identifies-zona-occludens-2-dynamic-redistribution-at-the-immune-synapse
#15
María Tello-Lafoz, Gonzalo Martínez-Martínez, Cristina Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Juan Pablo Albar, Morgan Huse, Severine Gharbi, Isabel Merida
T Lymphocyte recognition of antigens leads to the formation of a highly organized structure termed immune synapse (IS) by analogy with the neuronals synapse. Sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) controls the endosomal traffic of PSD95, Dlg1, ZO-1 (PDZ) domain-interacting proteins, and its alteration is associated with impaired synaptic function and neurological diseases. In T-lymphocytes, SNX27-positive vesicles polarize to the IS, the identity of SNX27 interactors in these conditions nonetheless remains unknown. Here we used proteomics to analyze the SNX27 interactome purified from IS-forming T cells, and confirmed the conserved nature of the SNX27/WASH/retromer association in hematopoietic cells...
August 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456683/patchouli-alcohol-ameliorates-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-experimental-colitis-and-suppresses-tryptophan-catabolism
#16
Chang Qu, Zhong-Wen Yuan, Xiu-Ting Yu, Yan-Feng Huang, Guang-Hua Yang, Jian-Nan Chen, Xiao-Ping Lai, Zi-Ren Su, Hui-Fang Zeng, Ying Xie, Xiao-Jun Zhang
Despite the increased morbidity of ulcerative colitis (UC) in recent years, available treatments remain unsatisfactory. Pogostemon cablin has been widely applied to treat a variety of gastrointestinal disorders in clinic for centuries, in which patchouli alcohol (PA, C15 H26 O) has been identified as the major active component. This study attempted to determine the bioactivity of PA on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice colitis and clarify the mechanism of action. Acute colitis was induced in mice by 3% DSS for 7 days...
July 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420508/a-promising-protein-responsible-for-overactive-bladder-in-ovariectomized-mice
#17
Huey-Yi Chen, Chao-Jung Chen, Wen-Chi Chen, Shih-Jing Wang, Yung-Hsiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: Ovariectomy (OVX) in mice is a model mimicking a neuro-electronic proof of an overactive bladder in postmenopausal women. Overactive bladder (OAB) was recently found to be due to an altered gap junction protein in a rat model. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate changes in cell junction protein expression and composition in the bladder of OVX mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six virgin female mice were randomized into three groups: mice with a sham operation only (control), OVX mice without estradiol (E2) replacement, and OVX mice with E2 replacement (OVX + E2)...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415133/zo-2-a-tight-junction-protein-involved-in-gene-expression-proliferation-apoptosis-and-cell-size-regulation
#18
REVIEW
Lorenza González-Mariscal, Jael Miranda, Arturo Raya-Sandino, Alaide Domínguez-Calderón, Francisco Cuellar-Perez
ZO-2 is a peripheral tight junction protein that belongs to the membrane-associated guanylate kinase protein family. Here, we explain the modular and supramodular organization of ZO-2 that allows it to interact with a wide variety of molecules, including cell-cell adhesion proteins, cytoskeletal components, and nuclear factors. We also describe how ZO proteins evolved through metazoan evolution and analyze the intracellular traffic of ZO-2, as well as the roles played by ZO-2 at the plasma membrane and nucleus that translate into the regulation of proliferation, cell size, and apoptosis...
June 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327343/astilbin-from-engelhardtia-chrysolepis-enhances-intestinal-barrier-functions-in-caco-2-cell-monolayers
#19
Tatsuo Nakahara, Yosuke Nishitani, Shin Nishiumi, Masaru Yoshida, Takeshi Azuma
Astilbin, which is one of polyphenolic compounds isolated from the leaves of Engelhardtia chrysolepis HANCE (Chinese name, huang-qui), is available as the effective component in food and cosmetics because of its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The tight junction (TJ) proteins, which protect the body from foreign substances, are related to adhesion between a cell and a cell. Previously, the enhancement of TJ's functions induced by aglycones of flavonoids has been demonstrated, but the effects of the glycosides such as astilbin have not been observed yet...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287613/knockdown-of-long-non-coding-rna-xist-increases-blood-tumor-barrier-permeability-and-inhibits-glioma-angiogenesis-by-targeting-mir-137
#20
H Yu, Y Xue, P Wang, X Liu, J Ma, J Zheng, Z Li, Z Li, H Cai, Y Liu
Antiangiogenic therapy plays a significant role in combined glioma treatment. However, poor permeability of the blood-tumor barrier (BTB) limits the transport of chemotherapeutic agents, including antiangiogenic drugs, into tumor tissues. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in various diseases, especially malignant tumors. The present study found that lncRNA X-inactive-specific transcript (XIST) was upregulated in endothelial cells that were obtained in a BTB model in vitro. XIST knockdown increased BTB permeability and inhibited glioma angiogenesis...
March 13, 2017: Oncogenesis
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