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Seon Goo Kim, Ji Hea Yooun, Dong Eun Kim, Eung-Seok Lee, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Shin Kim, Jong Wook Park
Resistance to anoikis and growth in anchorage-independent conditions are hallmarks of highly metastatic cancer cells. Anoikis is a type of apoptosis induced by inadequate cell/extracellular matrix (ECM) attachment and an attractive anti-cancer therapeutic strategy in cancer chemotherapeutic field. Therefore, the development of anoikis-inducing agents is useful and promising to overcome cancer. When FPDHP, a novel anoikis-inducing agent, was treated within 3 h, FPDHP induced massive cell detachment in various human cancer cells, irrespective of apoptosis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Hao Yu, Changliang Wang, Xiaolong Wang, Hongbo Wang, Chunan Zhang, Jiabin You, Pengfei Wang, Chunmei Feng, Guohui Xu, Rui Zhao, Xu Wu, Guohua Zhang
Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) are the primary component of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Tight junction (TJ) proteins, including claudin, occludin and zonula occludens (ZO)-1, ZO-2 and ZO-3, maintain the structural integrity of BMECs. Ethanol activates the assembly and disassembly of TJs, which is a process that is regulated by protein kinase C (PKC). In addition, ethanol treatment leads to the loss of structural integrity, which damages the permeability of the BBB and subsequently affects central nervous system homeostasis, thus allowing additional substances to enter the brain...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Philipp F Secker, Lisanne Luks, Nadja Schlichenmaier, Daniel R Dietrich
The proximal tubule is the primary site for renal solute reabsorption and secretion and thus a main target for drug-induced toxicity. Current nonclinical methods using 2D cell cultures are unable to fully recapitulate clinical drug responses mainly due to limited in vitro functional lifespan. Since extracellular matrices are known to be key regulators of cell development, culturing cells on classic 2D plastic surfaces inevitably results in loss of differentiation. Hence, 3D models of the human proximal tubule that recapitulate the in vivo morphology would allow for improved drug screening and disease modeling...
December 2, 2017: ALTEX
Min Wen, Hua Zhao, Guangmang Liu, Xiaoling Chen, Bing Wu, Gang Tian, Jingyi Cai, Gang Jia
The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of zinc supplementation on the growth performance, intestinal morphology, and the transcription of the barrier function related genes in Pekin ducks. Seven-hundred and sixty-eight 1-day-old Pekin ducks were randomly assigned into six dietary treatments. Each treatment had eight replicates with 16 ducks per replicates. The ducks were fed either a corn-soybean meal basal diet or basal diets supplemented with 15, 30, 60, 120, and 240 mg zinc/kg from zinc sulfate...
September 11, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
Ekaterina Vasileva, Sophie Sluysmans, Marie-Luce Bochaton-Piallat, Sandra Citi
Tight and adherens junctions play critical roles in the barrier, adhesion, and signaling functions of epithelial and endothelial cells. How the molecular organization of these junctions is tuned to the widely diverse physiological requirements of each tissue type is not well understood. Here, we address this question by examining the expression, localization, and interactions of major cytoplasmic plaque proteins of tight and adherens junctions in different cultured epithelial and endothelial cell lines. Immunoblotting and immunofluorescence analyses show that the expression profiles of cingulin, paracingulin, ZO-1, ZO-2, ZO-3, PLEKHA7, afadin, PDZD11, p120-catenin, and α-catenin, as well as the transmembrane junctional proteins occludin, E-cadherin, and VE-cadherin, are significantly diverse when comparing kidney cells (MDCK, mCCD), keratinocytes (HaCaT), lung carcinoma (A427, A549), and endothelium-derived cells (bEnd...
October 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Jinwei Zhang, Yue Lu, Jianan Wei, Li Li, Ling Han
This study was carried out to study the protective effect of carboxytmethylpachymaran (CMP) on TNF-α-induced intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction in Caco-2 cell monolayers and the underlying mechanism. The Caco-2 cell monolayers were pretreated with 50, 100 or 150μg/mL CMP for 72h, and then they were exposed to 100ng/mL tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) for 72h. The results showed that CMP alleviated the drop of trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and the increase of phenol red flux induced by TNF-α...
December 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Wei Li, Kaiji Sun, Yun Ji, Zhenlong Wu, Weiwei Wang, Zhaolai Dai, Guoyao Wu
BACKGROUND: Glycine traditionally is classified as a nutritionally nonessential amino acid in humans and animals. Because of its abundance in the body and its extensive use via multiple pathways, requirements for glycine are particularly high in neonates. Our recent studies show that dietary glycine supplementation is needed for optimal intestinal development in piglets. Importantly, reduced concentrations of glycine in the lumen of the small intestine are associated with gut dysfunction in low-birth-weight piglets...
May 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Bongki Kim, Sylvie Breton
The initial segment (IS) in rodents is functionally and structurally distinct from other epididymal segments and plays an important role in sperm maturation. The MAPK/ERK1/2 pathway is maintained active in the IS by testicular luminal factors and plays crucial roles in the maintenance and differentiation of the IS epithelium. Tight junctions (TJs) are constituents of the blood-epididymis barrier, which mediates the paracellular transport of ions, solutes, and water and controls epithelial cell differentiation, thereby contributing to the establishment of a unique luminal environment...
January 2016: Biology of Reproduction
J Li, X Cong, Y Zhang, R L Xiang, M Mei, N Y Yang, Y C Su, S Choi, K Park, L W Zhang, L L Wu, G Y Yu
The tight junction-based paracellular pathway plays an important role in saliva secretion. Zonula occludens (ZO) proteins are submembranous proteins of tight junction complex; however, their function in salivary epithelium is poorly understood. Here, we found that activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) by capsaicin increased rat saliva secretion both in vivo and ex vivo. Meanwhile, TRPV1 activation enlarged the width of tight junctions between neighboring acinar cells, increased the paracellular flux of 4-kDa fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran in submandibular gland (SMG) tissues, and decreased transepithelial electric resistance (TER) in SMG-C6 cells...
December 2015: Journal of Dental Research
Ning Jiao, Zhenlong Wu, Yun Ji, Bin Wang, Zhaolai Dai, Guoyao Wu
BACKGROUND: L-Glutamate (Glu) is a major amino acid in milk and postweaning diets for mammals (including pigs and human infants). However, effects of Glu on intestinal mucosal barrier and antioxidative functions are unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that Glu may enhance the barrier function of intestinal porcine epithelial cell line 1 (IPEC-1) cells by upregulating the expression of tight junction proteins. METHODS: IPEC-1 cells were cultured with or without Glu in the presence or absence of 1 mmol/L diquat (an oxidant) for indicated time points...
October 2015: Journal of Nutrition
Hao Wang, Yun Ji, Guoyao Wu, Kaiji Sun, Yuli Sun, Wei Li, Bin Wang, Beibei He, Qing Zhang, Zhaolai Dai, Zhenlong Wu
BACKGROUND: Besides serving as a substrate for protein synthesis, L-tryptophan (L-Trp) is used via serotonin-, kynurenine-, and niacin-synthetic pathways to produce bioactive compounds crucial for whole-body homeostasis. It is unknown whether L-Trp itself can regulate metabolic pathways in animal cells. OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that L-Trp may activate mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 and enhance expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins in intestinal porcine epithelial cells...
June 2015: Journal of Nutrition
Tao Zuo, Lu Cao, Xuemin Li, Qi Zhang, Changhu Xue, Qingjuan Tang
Gastrointestinal mucositis and infection by chemotherapy treatment are associated with alterations in the functioning of the intestinal barrier, due to the potential damage induced by anticancer drugs on the epithelial tight junctions and adheren junction. We aimed to study the protective effect of dietary polysaccharides on chemotherapy-induced injury in the epithelial cells. In the current study, using mice that were intraperitoneally injected with 50 mg/kg cyclophosphamide for 2 days, we reveal that polysaccharides from the ink of Ommastrephes bartrami (OBP) enhanced the mRNA and protein expression levels of Occludin, zonulae occluden (ZO)-1, and E-cadherin...
2015: Nutrition and Cancer
Hao Wang, Chen Zhang, Guoyao Wu, Yuli Sun, Bin Wang, Beibei He, Zhaolai Dai, Zhenlong Wu
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of tight junction integrity is associated with decreased nutrient absorption and numerous gastrointestinal diseases in humans and piglets. Although l-glutamine has been reported to enhance intestinal-mucosal mass and barrier function under stressful conditions, in vivo data to support a functional role for l-glutamine on intestinal tight junction protein (TJP) expression in weanling mammals are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that glutamine regulates expression of TJPs and stress-related corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) signaling in the jejunum of weanling piglets...
January 2015: Journal of Nutrition
Xiaomu Qiao, Isabelle Roth, Eric Féraille, Udo Hasler
Coordinated cell proliferation and ability to form intercellular seals are essential features of epithelial tissue function. Tight junctions (TJs) classically act as paracellular diffusion barriers. More recently, their role in regulating epithelial cell proliferation in conjunction with scaffolding zonula occludens (ZO) proteins has come to light. The kidney collecting duct (CD) is a model of tight epithelium that displays intense proliferation during embryogenesis followed by very low cell turnover in the adult kidney...
2014: Cell Cycle
Shinsaku Tokuda, Tomohito Higashi, Mikio Furuse
ZO-1, ZO-2 and ZO-3 are tight junction-associated scaffold proteins that bind to transmembrane proteins of tight junctions and the underlying cytoskeleton. ZO-1 is involved in the regulation of cytoskeletal organization, but its detailed molecular mechanism is less well understood. Gene knockout is an ideal method to investigate the functions of proteins that might have redundant functions such as ZO proteins, when compared with methods such as RNA interference-mediated suppression of gene expression. In this study we applied transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), a recently developed genome editing method for gene knockout, and established ZO-1 knockout clones in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells...
2014: PloS One
A Sommansson, O Yamskova, H B Schiöth, O Nylander, M Sjöblom
AIM: Increased intestinal epithelial permeability is associated with intestinal inflammation and dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of long-term oral melatonin administration on ethanol-induced increases in duodenal mucosal permeability and hypermotility. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered melatonin in their tap water (0.1 mg mL(-1) or 0.5 mg mL(-1) ) for 2 or 4 weeks. After the treatment period, the rats were anaesthetized with Inactin(®) , and a 30-mm duodenal segment was perfused in situ...
October 2014: Acta Physiologica
Domenica Spadaro, Rocio Tapia, Lionel Jond, Marius Sudol, Alan S Fanning, Sandra Citi
The localization and activities of DbpA/ZONAB and YAP transcription factors are in part regulated by the density-dependent assembly of epithelial junctions. DbpA activity and cell proliferation are inhibited by exogenous overexpression of the tight junction (TJ) protein ZO-1, leading to a model whereby ZO-1 acts by sequestering DbpA at the TJ. However, mammary epithelial cells and mouse tissues knock-out for ZO-1 do not show increased proliferation, as predicted by this model. To address this discrepancy, we examined the localization and activity of DbpA and YAP in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells depleted either of ZO-1, or one of the related proteins ZO-2 and ZO-3 (ZO proteins), or all three together...
August 8, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Tracey A Martin, Malcolm D Mason, Wen G Jiang
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) may impact the metastasis of prostate cancer via its action on prostate stem cells or their progeny. Tight junctions (TJs) are crucial to the process of metastasis and have been previously shown to be regulated by HGF. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of HGF on the function of TJs in human prostate epithelial, prostate stem cell-like and prostate cancer cell lines. Four human prostate cancer cell lines (PC-3, DU-145, PZHPV-7, CaHPV-10), normal adult prostate parental epithelial cells (RWPE-1) and a stem cell-like derivative of RWPE-1 (WPE-STEM) were used to assess HGF-induced changes in TJs...
July 2014: Oncology Reports
David A Katzka, Ravikanth Tadi, Thomas C Smyrk, Eesha Katarya, Anamay Sharma, Deborah M Geno, Michael Camilleri, Prasad G Iyer, Jeffrey A Alexander, Navtej S Buttar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The allergic response associated with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) occurs when food antigens permeate tight junction-mediated epithelial dilated intercellular spaces. We assessed whether levels of tight junction proteins correlate with the dilation of intercellular spaces (spongiosis) and the effects of topical steroids on these parameters. METHODS: We assessed esophageal biopsy samples from 10 patients with active EoE treated with topical fluticasone, 10 untreated patients, and 10 patients without esophageal disease (controls) for degree of spongiosis...
November 2014: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Andreas Traweger, Sebastian Toepfer, Roland N Wagner, Josef Zweimueller-Mayer, Renate Gehwolf, Christine Lehner, Herbert Tempfer, Istvan Krizbai, Imola Wilhelm, Hans-Christian Bauer, Hannelore Bauer
Zonula occludens proteins (ZO-1, ZO-2, ZO-3), which belong to the family of membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) homologs, serve as molecular hubs for the assembly of multi-protein networks at the cytoplasmic surface of intercellular contacts in epithelial and endothelial cells. These multi-PDZ proteins exert crucial functions in the structural organization of intercellular contacts and in transducing intracellular signals from the plasma membrane to the nucleus. The junctional MAGUK protein ZO-2 not only associates with the C-terminal PDZ-binding motif of various transmembrane junctional proteins but also transiently targets to the nucleus and interacts with a number of nuclear proteins, thereby modulating gene expression and cell proliferation...
April 1, 2013: Tissue Barriers
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