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MT2A gene

Masanori Horie, Kaori Shimizu, Yosuke Tabei
Metal oxide nanoparticles have an industrial value, although their harmful effects are also known. Induction of respiratory inflammation through their inhalation is a serious indicator of their toxicity. Although the phenomenon of metal ion release is involved in the induction of inflammation, all metal ions are not necessarily toxic. However, currently, no particular index to evaluate cytotoxicity caused by nanoparticles exists. An index based on biological response is critical. In the present study, we examined the gene expression-based index for nanoparticles-derived cytotoxicity...
June 8, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Wissam Chiha, Chrisna J LeVaillant, Carole A Bartlett, Alex W Hewitt, Phillip E Melton, Melinda Fitzgerald, Alan R Harvey
BACKGROUND: Partial transection (PT) of the optic nerve is an established experimental model of secondary degeneration in the central nervous system. After a dorsal transection, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) with axons in ventral optic nerve are intact but vulnerable to secondary degeneration, whereas RGCs in dorsal retina with dorsal axons are affected by primary and secondary injuries. Using microarray, we quantified gene expression changes in dorsal and ventral retina at 1 and 7 days post PT, to characterize pathogenic pathways linked to primary and secondary degeneration...
2018: PloS One
Sylvia Lui, Cyntia Duval, Farkhondeh Farrokhnia, Sylvie Girard, Lynda K Harris, Clare L Tower, Adam Stevens, Rebecca L Jones
Preterm deliveries remain the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Current therapies target only myometrial contractions and are largely ineffective. As labor involves multiple coordinated events across maternal and fetal tissues, identifying fundamental regulatory pathways of normal term labor is vital to understanding successful parturition and consequently labor pathologies. We aimed to identify transcriptomic signatures of human normal term labor of two tissues: in the fetal-facing choriodecidua and the maternal myometrium...
March 1, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
H L Fan, S F Liu, J H Sun, Y Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the time-dependent expression of metallothionein (MT) 1A mRNA and MT2A mRNA in contused skeletal muscle of rats. METHODS: A total of 54 Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. The rats were divided into two parts: control group ( n =6) and contusion groups (0.5, 1, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 h after contusion, n =6). Total RNA was extracted from skeletal muscle. The expression levels of MT1A mRNA and MT2A mRNA were detected by SYBR Green I real-time PCR...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
Ankica Sekovanić, Jasna Jurasović, Martina Piasek, Daria Pašalić, Tatjana Orct, Antonija Sulimanec Grgec, Sandra Stasenko, Karmen Branović Čakanić, Anamarija Jazbec
The main source of exposure for all essential and toxic elements in the general population is diet. In smokers, the main route for cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) intake is the inhalation of tobacco smoke. Besides gender, age, nutrition, lifestyle, and physiological conditions such as pregnancy, specific genetic characteristics also influence individual element uptake. Metallothionein MT2 is a cysteine-rich low-weight protein found ubiquitously throughout the body. Specific gene polymorphism may influence MT2 expression and subsequent binding, transfer and organ accumulation of metals, though data on these influences are lacking, especially in human mother-newborn pairs...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Gal Haimovich, Christopher M Ecker, Margaret C Dunagin, Elliott Eggan, Arjun Raj, Jeffrey E Gerst, Robert H Singer
RNAs have been shown to undergo transfer between mammalian cells, although the mechanism behind this phenomenon and its overall importance to cell physiology is not well understood. Numerous publications have suggested that RNAs (microRNAs and incomplete mRNAs) undergo transfer via extracellular vesicles (e.g., exosomes). However, in contrast to a diffusion-based transfer mechanism, we find that full-length mRNAs undergo direct cell-cell transfer via cytoplasmic extensions characteristic of membrane nanotubes (mNTs), which connect donor and acceptor cells...
November 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Beata Wojtczak, Bartosz Pula, Agnieszka Gomulkiewicz, Mateusz Olbromski, Marzena Podhorska-Okolow, Paweł Domoslawski, Marek Bolanowski, Jacek Daroszewski, Piotr Dziegiel
BACKGROUND: Metallothioneins (MTs) are involved in numerous cell processes such as binding and transport of zinc and copper ions, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis, therefore contributing to carcinogenesis. Scarce data exist on their expression in benign and malignant lesions of the thyroid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA expression of functional isoforms of MT genes (MT1A, MT1B, MT1E, MT1F, MT1G, MT1H, MT1X, MT2A, MT4) was studied in 17 nodular goiters (NG), 12 follicular adenomas (FA) and 26 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC)...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
Maria Claudia Barrera, Laura Jimena Rojas, Austin Weiss, Olga Fernandez, Diane McMahon-Pratt, Nancy G Saravia, Maria Adelaida Gomez
The mechanisms of Leishmania resistance to antimonials have been primarily determined in experimentally derived Leishmania strains. However, their participation in the susceptibility phenotype in field isolates has not been conclusively established. Being an intracellular parasite, the activity of antileishmanials is dependent on internalization of drugs into host cells and effective delivery to the intracellular compartments inhabited by the parasite. In this study we quantified and comparatively analyzed the gene expression of nine molecules involved in mechanisms of xenobiotic detoxification and Leishmania resistance to antimonial drugs in resistant and susceptible laboratory derived and clinical L...
December 2017: Acta Tropica
D Braga, M Barcella, F D'Avila, S Lupoli, F Tagliaferri, M H Santamaria, F A DeLano, G Baselli, G W Schmid-Schönbein, E B Kistler, F Aletti, C Barlassina
Hemorrhagic shock is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Significant blood loss may lead to decreased blood pressure and inadequate tissue perfusion with resultant organ failure and death, even after replacement of lost blood volume. One reason for this high acuity is that the fundamental mechanisms of shock are poorly understood. Proteomic and metabolomic approaches have been used to investigate the molecular events occurring in hemorrhagic shock but, to our knowledge, a systematic analysis of the transcriptomic profile is missing...
August 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yu Liu, Jun Liu, Lei Xu, Hui Lai, Yu Chen, Zhimin Yang, Bingru Huang
Seashore paspalum ( Paspalum vaginatum ) is among the most salt- and cadmium-tolerant warm-season perennial grass species widely used as turf or forage. The objective of this study was to select stable reference genes for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis of seashore paspalum in response to four abiotic stresses. The stability of 12 potential reference genes was evaluated by four programs (geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and RefFinder). U2AF combined with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) showed stable expression in Cd-treated leaves and cold-treated roots...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Montserrat García, Lydia Álvarez, Ángela Fernández, Héctor González-Iglesias, Julio Escribano, Beatriz Fernández-Vega, Eva Villota, Luis Fernández-Vega Cueto, Álvaro Fernández-Vega, Miguel Coca-Prados
BACKGROUND: To elucidate the potential role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the metallothionein (MT) genes in Northern Spanish patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A total of 130 unrelated Northern Spanish natives diagnosed with AMD (46 dry, 35 neovascular, and 49 mixed) and 96 healthy controls, matched by age and ethnicity, were enrolled in a case-control study. DNA was isolated from peripheral blood and genotyped for 14 SNPs located at 5 MT genes (MT1A: rs11076161, rs 11640851, rs8052394, and rs7196890; MT1B: rs8052334, rs964372, and rs7191779; MT1M: rs2270836 and rs9936741; MT2A: rs28366003, rs1610216, rs10636, and rs1580833; MT3: rs45570941) using TaqMan probes...
September 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
Rebecca Justiniano, Jessica Perer, Anh Hua, Mohammad Fazel, Andrea Krajisnik, Christopher M Cabello, Georg T Wondrak
Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy in the United States representing a considerable public health burden. Pharmacological suppression of skin photocarcinogenesis has shown promise in preclinical and clinical studies, but more efficacious photochemopreventive agents are needed. Here, we tested feasibility of harnessing pharmacological disruption of intracellular zinc homeostasis for photochemoprevention in vitro and in vivo. Employing the zinc ionophore and FDA-approved microbicidal agent zinc pyrithione (ZnPT), used worldwide in over-the-counter (OTC) topical consumer products, we first demonstrated feasibility of achieving ZnPT-based intracellular Zn(2+) overload in cultured malignant keratinocytes (HaCaT-ras II-4; SCC-25) employing membrane-permeable fluorescent probes...
November 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Chen-Cheng Yang, Chih-Shien Chuang, Chia-I Lin, Chao-Ling Wang, Yung-Cheng Huang, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Lead in blood can stimulate lipid oxidation in phosphatidylcholine and increase peroxidation in lipids. Metallothionein (MT) is a cysteine-rich protein that can influence the detoxification of heavy metals and scavenge oxidative stress for free radicals. One of the most expressive functional genes in humans is the MT2A gene. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if the association of the blood lead level and lipid biomarkers was influenced by MT2A polymorphisms...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Faiz M M T Marikar, Guanghui Jin, Wang Sheng, Dingyuan Ma, Zichun Hua
BACKGROUND: The rapid increase in the incidence rate of colorectal cancer has led to the search and identification of biomarkers that can predict risk for and future behavior of this malignancy and management. To study the biological role of the phosphorylated Fas associated death domain (pFADD) gene in colorectal cancer, we performed a GAL4-based yeast two-hybrid screening of a human heart cDNA library. METHODS: A series of two yeast hybrid method was used to identification of protein-protein interaction...
December 2016: Chinese Clinical Oncology
Y Wang, T Jiang, Z Li, L Lu, R Zhang, D Zhang, X Wang, J Tan
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer related death worldwide. Although great progress in diagnosis and management of HCC have been made, the exact molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. The study aims to identify potential biomarkers for HCC progression, mainly at transcription level. In this study, chip data GSE 29721 was utilized, which contains 10 HCC samples and 10 normal adjacent tissue samples. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between two sample types were selected by t-test method...
2017: Neoplasma
Weitao Cong, Chao Niu, Lingchun Lv, Maowei Ni, Dandan Ruan, Lisha Chi, Yang Wang, Qing Yu, Kungao Zhan, Yuanhu Xuan, Yuehui Wang, Yi Tan, Tiemin Wei, Lu Cai, Litai Jin
AIMS: Cardiac-specific metallothionein (MT) overexpression extends lifespan, but the mechanism underlying the effect of MT protection against age-associated cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remains elusive. To elucidate this, male wild-type and two lines of MT-transgenic (MT-TG) mice, MM and MT-1 (cardiac-specific overexpressing MT about 10- and 80-fold, respectively) at three representative ages (2-3, 9-10, and 18-20 months), were utilized. A stable human MT2A overexpressing cardiomyocytes (H9c2MT7) was also introduced...
December 10, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Ewa Kozela, Ana Juknat, Fuying Gao, Nathali Kaushansky, Giovanni Coppola, Zvi Vogel
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies showed that the non-psychoactive cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD), ameliorates the clinical symptoms in mouse myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model of multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as decreases the memory MOG35-55-specific T cell (TMOG) proliferation and cytokine secretion including IL-17, a key autoimmune factor. The mechanisms of these activities are currently poorly understood. METHODS: Herein, using microarray-based gene expression profiling, we describe gene networks and intracellular pathways involved in CBD-induced suppression of these activated memory TMOG cells...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Yuta Hattori, Mariko Naito, Masahiko Satoh, Masahiro Nakatochi, Hisao Naito, Masashi Kato, Sahoko Takagi, Takashi Matsunaga, Toshio Seiki, Tae Sasakabe, Shino Suma, Sayo Kawai, Rieko Okada, Asahi Hishida, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Kenji Wakai
Metallothioneins (MTs) are proteins that protect cells from toxic agents such as heavy metal ions or reactive oxygen species. MT2A A-5G is a single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region of the MT2A gene, and the minor G allele results in lower transcription efficiency. We aimed to elucidate associations between MT2A A-5G and risks of 2 diseases potentially related to lowered MT expression, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and diabetes mellitus (DM), in a community-dwelling population. Study subjects were Nagoya city residents participating in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study (J-MICC) Daiko Study, comprised 749 men and 2,025 women, aged 39-75 years...
July 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Huihui Fang, Zhiqiang Liu, Zhuping Jin, Liping Zhang, Danmei Liu, Yanxi Pei
Increasing attention has been focused on the health of vegetables and grains grown in the contaminated agricultural soil, it is thus meaningful to find ways to reduce the heavy metals (HMs) accumulation in plants. As sulfur is considered to be an essential macronutrient for plant stress defenses, the important role of sulfur assimilation in plants responding to HMs stress has been followed. However, the potential mechanism of the only sulfur-containing gasotransmitter hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and its main endogenously generated substrate, cysteine (Cys), in plant defense is poorly understood...
June 2016: Environmental Pollution
Tsang-Pai Liu, Yi-Han Hong, Kwang-Yi Tung, Pei-Ming Yang
There are currently no effective molecular targeted therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), a histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27)-specific methyltransferase, has been emerged as novel anticancer target. Our previous study has demonstrated that GSK343, an S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM)-competitive inhibitor of EZH2, induces autophagy and enhances drug sensitivity in cancer cells including HCC. In this study, an in silico study was performed and found that EZH2 was overexpressed in cancerous tissues of HCC patients at both gene and protein levels...
2016: Oncoscience
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