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metal toxicity

Hamed Tashakkorian, Moslem Mansour Lakouraj, Rahimeh Maldar, Zahra Moulana
Polythiacalix[4]amides as a novel category of polyamides, with high sorption capability towards some environmentally hazardous metal cations, especially Hg2+, have been synthesized via direct polycondensation protocol using a thiacalix[4] arene dicarboxylic acid and commercial diamines. The polyamides were obtained in high yields and possess inherent viscosities in the range of 0.55-0.75 dl/g. The photophysical characteristic was studied by looking for the maximum absorption wavelength of each polymer using UV absorption spectroscopy...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Ali Serol Ertürk, Mustafa Ulvi Gürbüz, Metin Tülü, Abdürrezzak Emin Bozdoğan
Different generations (G3-G4) of amine-terminated Jeffamine® T-403 core poly(amidoamine) PAMAM dendrimers (JCPDs) were used as new macromolecular heavy metal chelating agent templates in polymer assisted ultrafiltration (PAUF) for the investigation of their removal ability for some of the divalent metal ions: Cu, Co, Ni, Cd, and Zn from aqueous solutions under competitive conditions. The effects of pH and generation size of JCPDs were also investigated. Extent of binding (EOB) data can be appropriately expressed by a tetradentate coordination for JCPDs at pH 9 where the maximum removal of metal ions was observed...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Muhammad Imran Din, Aneela Rani
The green fabrication of nanoparticles (NPs) by using plants as reducing and capping agents involves energy efficient, less toxic, safer and simpler pathways. These pathways have been related to the rational use of numerous substances in fabrication of NPs and synthetic strategies, which have been mainly discussed in this article. The subject matter of this review is to discuss how a chemist can follow the green chemistry principles in terms of selection of substances and protocols used for NPs fabrication...
March 21, 2018: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Sukhmeen Kaur Kohli, Neha Handa, Anket Sharma, Vandana Gautam, Saroj Arora, Renu Bhardwaj, Leonard Wijaya, Mohammed Nasser Alyemeni, Parvaiz Ahmad
Lead (Pb) is considered one the most hazardous pollutant, and its accumulation in soil and plants is of prime concern. To understand the role of plant hormones in combating heavy metal stress, the present study was planned to assess the interactive effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) (10-7  M) and salicylic acid (SA) (1 mM) in regulating growth, pigment contents, antioxidative defense response, and gene expression in Brassica juncea L. seedlings exposed to different concentrations of Pb metal (0.25, 0.50, and 0...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mikael Larsson, Ataollah Nosrati, Simarpreet Kaur, Jochen Wagner, Ulf Baus, Magnus Nydén
Mine waters and tailings generated from mining and mineral processing activities often have detrimental impact on the local environment. One example is acid mine drainage, in which sulphides in the mining waste react with water and oxygen to produce an acidic environment that subsequently dissolves host rock minerals from the waste containing toxic metals and trace elements. Copper is one such metal of significance, as it is mined at large volumes in sulphide containing ores. It has strong biocidal activity that greatly affects ecosystems...
February 2018: Heliyon
Leili Shafiei, Parvaneh Taymoori, Afshin Maleki, Kourosh Sayehmiri
Background: The effect of instructional models on the changing behavior of consuming fruit and vegetables in the prevention of diseases caused by consumption of foods including rice, contaminated with toxic metals, has not been investigated in Iran yet. Objective: To compare an Ecological-social model (ECO) group and Control group in increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Methods: This research involved implementation of a six-month randomized controlled educational interventionist program into a group of Ecological-social framework along with a control group, totally summing up to 160 women between 18 and 50 years of age in Ilam, Iran in 2014...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Pratishtha Gupta, Rupa Rani, Avantika Chandra, Vipin Kumar
Contamination of agricultural soil with heavy metals has become a serious concern worldwide. In the present study, Cr6+ resistant plant growth promoting Pseudomonas sp. (strain CPSB21) was isolated from the tannery effluent contaminated agricultural soils and evaluated for the plant growth promoting activities, oxidative stress tolerance, and Cr6+ bioremediation. Assessment of different plant growth promotion traits, such as phosphate solubilization, indole-3-acetic acid production, siderophores, ammonia and hydrogen cyanide production, revealed that the strain CPSB21 served as an efficient plant growth promoter under laboratory conditions...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shadpour Mallakpour, Elham Khadem
Chitosan nanocomposites containing 2, 5, 8 wt% of calcium carbonate-γ-aminopropyl triethoxy silane (CS/CC-ATS NCs) were prepared by ultrasonic irradiation. After characterizing of physicochemical properties of the obtained CS/CC-ATS NCs, their performance was evaluated for both the bone-like apatite mineralization and the removal of Cu(II). The field emission-scanning electron microscopy images from the in vitro bioactivity of the CS and the CS/CC-ATS NC 5 wt% displayed that the hydroxyapatite was produced on the samples surface...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Josefine Larsson, Katarzyna Smolarz, Justyna Świeżak, Magda Turower, Natalia Czerniawska, Mats Grahn
Anthropogenic pollution including metals, petroleum, toxins, nutrients and many others is a growing problem in the marine environment. These are important factors altering the environment and by that the fate of many local populations of marine organisms. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of selected point pollution sources on resident populations of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis trossulus) in the Baltic Sea using multiple biomarker approach. The study used a nested sampling scheme in which sites from reference (REF) habitats are geographically paired with selected sites from sewage treatment plants (STP) and harbors (HAR)...
March 1, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Kolla Rajasekhar, Kapilkumar Mehta, Thimmaiah Govindaraju
Amyloid beta (Aβ) aggregation is the key trait responsible for the pathological devastation caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among the various pathways of multifaceted toxicity exhibited by Aβ aggregates in neuronal cells, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Aβ-CuII complex and mitochondrial damage are prominent. Aβ interferes with mitochondrial transport channels, causing mitochondrial dysfunction. Herein, we present nontoxic hybrid multifunctional modulators (HMMs, TGR86-88) developed by integrating the structural and functional features of the metal chelating aggregation modulator, clioquinol (Clq) and the antioxidant epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)...
March 20, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Jacqueline M Zaengle-Barone, Abigail C Jackson, David M Besse, Bradford Becken, Mehreen Arshad, Patrick C Seed, Katherine J Franz
The unabated rise in bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics, coupled with collateral damage to normal flora incurred by overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics, necessitates the development of new antimicrobials targeted against pathogenic organisms. Here, we explore the antibacterial outcomes and mode of action of a prochelator that exploits the production of β-lactamase enzymes by drug-resistant bacteria to convert a non-toxic compound into a metal-binding antimicrobial agent directly within the microenvironment of pathogenic organisms...
March 20, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Shan-Shan Li, Wen-Yi Zhou, Min Jiang, Zheng Guo, Jinhuai Liu, Lizhi Zhang, Xing-Jiu Huang
Developing a new ultra-sensitive interface to detect As(III) is highly desirable because of its seriously toxic and low concentration in drinking water. Recently, Fe3O4 nanoparticles of high adsorption toward As(III) become very promising to be such an interface, which is still limited by the poor understanding of their surface physicochemical properties. Herein, we report that dumbbell-like Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles, when being modified the screen-printed carbon electrode, can serve as an efficient sensing interface for As(III) detection with an excellent sensitivity of 9...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Myeongsang Lee, Jae In Kim, Sungsoo Na, Kilho Eom
Amyloid β (Aβ) aggregates, which are a hallmark for neurodegenerative disease, are formed through a self-assembly process such as aggregation of Aβ peptide chains. This aggregation process depends on the solvent conditions under which the proteins are aggregated. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of the ionic effect on the formation and stability of amyloid aggregates has not been fully understood. Here, we report how metal ions play a role in the formation and stability of Aβ aggregates at different length scales, i...
March 20, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Tereza Leonhardt, Jan Sácký, Pavel Kotrba
A search of R. atropurpurea transcriptome for sequences encoding the transporters of the Zrt-, Irt-like Protein (ZIP) family, which are in eukaryotes integral to Zn supply into cytoplasm, allowed the identification of RaZIP1 cDNA with a predicted product belonging to ZIP I subfamily; it was subjected to functional studies in mutant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. The expression of RaZIP1, but not RaZIP1H208A or RaZIP1H232A mutants lacking conserved-among-ZIPs transmembrane histidyls, complemented Zn uptake deficiency in zrt1Δzrt2Δ yeasts...
March 19, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Ales Hlavka, Jaroslav Vanasek, Karel Odrazka, Jan Stuk, Martin Dolezel, Vit Ulrych, Martina Vitkova, Jiri Mynarik, Iveta Kolarova, Zdenka Vilasova
Image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) enables the achievement of higher precision in radiation delivery, a reduction in safety margins and a reduced risk of toxicity in healthy tissues. The present study investigated the magnitude of safety margins for the radiation boost setup on skin marks or metal clips implanted into the tumor bed during breast cancer surgery. One hundred eighty-four patients after breast conserving surgery with implanted metal clips into tumor bed were analyzed. The present study investigated the difference in safety margin required for the treatment setup on skin marks and metal clips...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Weixiang Liu, Yukun Qin, Song Liu, Ronge Xing, Huahua Yu, Xiaolin Chen, Kecheng Li, Pengcheng Li
Based on a condensation reaction, a chitosan-derivative-bearing amino pyridine group was prepared and subsequently followed by coordination with cupric ions, zinc ions and nickel ions to synthesize chitosan metal complexes. The calculations using the density functional theory (DFT) show that the copper ions and nickel ions underwent dsp2 hybridization, the zinc ions underwent sp3 hybridization, and they all formed a coordination bond with the carbon atom in the p-π conjugate group. The antifungal properties of O-CSPX-M against Phytophthora capsici (P...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shweta Patel, Sarmita Jana, Rajlakshmi Chetty, Sonal Thakore, Man Singh, Ranjitsinh Devkar
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are among abundantly used metal oxide NPs but their interactions with biomolecules and subsequent embryonic toxicity in higher vertebrates is not extensively reported. Physicochemical interactions of TiO2 NPs with egg albumen reveals that lower doses of TiO2 NPs (10 and 25 µg/ml) accounted for higher friccohesity and activation energy but an increment in molecular radii was recorded at higher doses (50 and 100 µg/ml). FTIR analysis revealed conformational changes in secondary structure of egg albumen as a result of electrostratic interactions between egg albumen and TiO2 NPs...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ashraf M Abdel-Moneim, Mohamed A Al-Kahtani, Omar M Elmenshawy, Hany Elsawy, Aly M Hafez, Marwa A Genena
In this field study, the levels of heavy metals (Pb, Fe, Co, Cu, and Zn) in water and a suite of biochemical and histological biomarkers in the grouper ( Epinephelus tauvina) were assessed at four sites in the Arabian Gulf. Samples were taken from a relatively non-urban reference site, called Salwa (S1), and three effluent-dominated sites, namely Al-aziziyah in southern Dammam city (S2), the Al-Jubail coast (S3), and Manifa (S4). Toxic metals, namely Pb and Co (at all sites) and Fe (at S3), were elevated in water samples relative to the internationally permissible limits...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
João Gomes, Ana Matos, Rosa M Quinta-Ferreira, Rui C Martins
The environmental and economic impact of invasive bivalve species implies the development of suitable pest management strategies. Chemical control is the most usual approach. However, the production of toxic intermediates as well as the unavoidable impact over non target biota is of special concern. Another approach consists on the physical removal of the animals from the invaded sites. The high biofiltration and bioaccumulation capacity of such animals make them interesting for the removal of contaminants from water and wastewater...
February 28, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hassan Etesami, Dinesh K Maheshwari
Increased incidence of abiotic stresses impacting adversely plant growth and productivity in major crops is being witnessed all over the world. Therefore, as a result of such stress factors, plant growth under the stress conditions will be less than the non-stress conditions. Growing concerns and global demand for correct, environmentally-friendly techniques exist to reduce the adverse effects of plant stress. Under such stressful conditions, the role of interactions of plant and beneficial microorganisms is of great significance...
March 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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