keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

metal toxicity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145289/mercury-poisoning-through-intravenous-administration-two-case-reports-with-literature-review
#1
Qiuying Lu, Zilong Liu, Xiaorui Chen
RATIONALE: Metallic mercury poisoning through intravenous injection is rare, especially for a homicide attempt. Diagnosis and treatment of the disease are challenging. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 34-year-old male presented with pyrexia, chill, fatigue, body aches, and pain of the dorsal aspect of right foot. Another case is that of a 29-year-old male who committed suicide by injecting himself metallic mercury 15 g intravenously and presented with dizzy, dyspnea, fatigue, sweatiness, and waist soreness...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145136/lead-cadmium-and-arsenic-in-human-milk-and-their-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-in-lebanon
#2
Maya Bassil, Farah Daou, Hussein Hassan, Osama Yamani, Joelle Abi Kharma, Zouheir Attieh, Jomana Elaridi
INTRODUCTION: Exposure of newborns to toxic metals is of special interest due to their reported contamination in breast milk and potential harm. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and factors associated with lead, cadmium and arsenic contamination in breast milk collected from lactating mothers in Lebanon. METHODS: A total of 74 breast milk samples were collected from primaparas according to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. A survey was administered to determine the demographic and anthropometric characteristics of participating lactating mothers...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145129/high-contamination-in-the-areas-surrounding-abandoned-mines-and-mining-activities-an-impact-assessment-of-the-dilala-luilu-and-mpingiri-rivers-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#3
Emmanuel K Atibu, Pierre Lacroix, Periyasamy Sivalingam, Nicolas Ray, Gregory Giuliani, Crispin K Mulaji, Jean-Paul Otamonga, Pius T Mpiana, Vera I Slaveykova, John Poté
Abandoned mines and mining activities constitute important sources of toxic metals and Rare Earth Elements (REEs) affecting surrounding environmental compartments and biota. This study investigates the contamination degree and distribution of toxic metals and REEs in contrasting sediment, soil and plant samples surrounding rivers in the African copperbelt area characterized by the presence of numerous abandoned mines, artisanal and industrial mining activities. ICP-MS results highlighted the highest concentration of Cu, Co and Pb in sediments reaching values of 146,801, 18,434 and 899 mg kg(-1), respectively...
October 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144431/bioabsorption-and-bioaccumulation-of-cadmium-in-the-straw-and-grain-of-maize-zea-mays-l-in-growing-soils-contaminated-with-cadmium-in-different-environment
#4
Jorge Retamal-Salgado, Juan Hirzel, Ingrid Walter, Iván Matus
There is a worldwide increase of heavy metal or potentially toxic element (PTE), contamination in agricultural soils caused mainly by human and industrial action, which leads to food contamination in crops such as in maize. Cadmium (Cd) is a PTE often found in soils and it is ingested through food. It is necessary to determine the bioabsorption, distribution, and accumulation levels in maize to reduce or prevent food chain contamination. Cadmium absorption and accumulation in three maize cultivars were evaluated in three agricultural environments in Chile by increasing CdCl₂ rates (0, 1, and 2 mg·kg(-1))...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144015/elucidating-the-impact-of-chalcogen-content-on-the-photovoltaic-properties-of-oxychalcogenide-perovkskites-namo3-xqx-m-nb-ta-and-q-s-se-te
#5
Heesoo Park, Fahhad H Alharbi, Stefano Sanvito, Nouar Tabet, Fedwa El-Mellouhi
In the quest for non-toxic and stable perovskites for solar cells, we conduct a systematic study of the effect of chalcogen content in oxychalcogenide perovskite using density functional theory (DFT) and quasi-particle perturbation theory. We explore the changes in the electronic structure due to the substitution of O atoms in NaNbO 3 and NaTaO 3 perovskite structures with various chalcogen (S, Se, Te) at different concentrations. Interestingly, the introduction of the chalcogen atoms results in a drastic reduction of the electronic band gap, making some of them fall within the visible range of the solar spectrum...
November 16, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143931/antioxidant-enzyme-activities-of-folsomia-candida-and-avoidance-of-soil-metal-contamination
#6
Wencai Dai, Xin Ke, Zhu Li, Ming Gao, Longhua Wu, Peter Chiristie, Yongming Luo
Induction of the antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the avoidance of potentially toxic metals in soil by Folsomia candida were investigated. Both laboratory-spiked and field-polluted agricultural soils were used. Cadmium (Cd) concentrations in body tissues, animal avoidance behaviour and physico-chemical properties of the field soils were also determined. In laboratory Cd-spiked soils, the CAT and SOD activities in the Cd treatments were 71.1-94.7 and 1.31-4...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143265/is-caenorhabditis-elegans-representative-of-freshwater-nematode-species-in-toxicity-testing
#7
Arne Haegerbaeumer, Sebastian Höss, Peter Heininger, Walter Traunspurger
Multi-species toxicity tests were conducted using a broad range of freshwater nematode species to assess interspecific differences in sensitivity to chemical stress and to compare the toxicity to that on the standard test organism Caenorhabditis elegans. The lethal effects of nine different chemical treatments, including metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in single and mixture application, were determined for nematodes exposed for 48 h to spiked aqueous solutions. The investigated freshwater nematodes exhibited distinct differences in their sensitivity...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143263/enhanced-stabilization-of-pb-zn-and-cd-in-contaminated-soils-using-oxalic-acid-activated-phosphate-rocks
#8
Zhuo Zhang, Guanlin Guo, Mei Wang, Jia Zhang, Zhixin Wang, Fasheng Li, Honghan Chen
Phosphate amendments, especially phosphate rock (PR), are one of the most commonly used materials to stabilize heavy metals in contaminated soils. However, most of PR reserve consists of low-grade ore, which limits the efficiency of PR for stabilizing heavy metals. This study was to enhance the stabilization of heavy metals through improving the available phosphorous (P) release of PR by oxalic acid activation. Raw PR and activated PR (APR) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface analysis, and laser diffraction to determine the changes of structure and composition of APR...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143261/river-sediment-metal-and-nutrient-variations-along-an-urban-agriculture-gradient-in-an-arid-austral-landscape-implications-for-environmental-health
#9
Tatenda Dalu, Ryan J Wasserman, Qihang Wu, William P Froneman, Olaf L F Weyl
The effect of metals on environmental health is well documented and monitoring these and other pollutants is considered an important part of environmental management. Developing countries are yet to fully appreciate the direct impacts of pollution on aquatic ecosystems and as such, information on pollution dynamics is scant. Here, we assessed the temporal and spatial dynamics of stream sediment metal and nutrient concentrations using contaminant indices (e.g. enrichment factors, pollution load and toxic risk indices) in an arid temperate environment over the wet and dry seasons...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143154/deciphering-the-molecular-events-during-arsenic-induced-transcription-signal-cascade-activation-in-cellular-milieu
#10
REVIEW
Harishkumar Madhyastha, Radha Madhyastha, Yuichi Nakajima, Masugi Maruyama
Anthropogenic sources of arsenic poses and creates unintentional toxico-pathological concerns to humans in many parts of the world. The understanding of toxicity of this metalloid, which shares properties of both metal and non-metal is principally structured on speciation types and holy grail of toxicity prevention. Visible symptoms of arsenic toxicity include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. In this review, we focused on the dermal cell stress caused by trivalent arsenic trioxide and pentavalent arsanilic acid...
November 15, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142432/inhibition-of-glycation-induced-cytotoxicity-protein-glycation-and-activity-of-proteolytic-enzymes-by-extract-from-perovskia-atriplicifolia-roots
#11
Mehran Miroliaei, Akram Aminjafari, Sylwester Ślusarczyk, Izabela Nawrot-Hadzik, Mehdi Rahimmalek, Adam Matkowski
Background: Protein glycation and glycotoxicity belong to the main oxidative-stress related complications in diabetes. Perovskia species are used in Asian folk medicine as antidiabetic herbs. Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the ability of the methanolic extract from Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth. roots to diminish glycation of albumin and to prevent cell damage in vitro. Furthermore, we tested the extract for in vitro antioxidant activity and inhibition of elastase and collagenase...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141909/local-fitness-landscapes-predict-yeast-evolutionary-dynamics-in-directionally-changing-environments
#12
Florien A Gorter, Mark G M Aarts, Bas J Zwaan, J Arjan G M de Visser
The fitness landscape is a concept that is widely used for understanding and predicting evolutionary adaptation. The topography of the fitness landscape depends critically on the environment, with potentially far-reaching consequences for evolution under changing conditions. However, few studies have assessed directly how empirical fitness landscapes change across conditions, or validated the predicted consequences of such change. We previously evolved replicate yeast populations in the presence of either gradually increasing or constant high concentrations of the heavy metals cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn), and analysed their phenotypic and genomic changes...
November 15, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141536/development-and-tailoring-of-hybrid-lipid-nanocarriers
#13
German A Islan, Maximiliano L Cacicedo, Boris Rodenak-Kladniew, Nelson Duran, Guillermo R Castro
BACKGROUND: Lipid nanoparticles are considered one of the most promising systems for controlled release of therapeutic molecules highly hydrophobic and with low biodisponibility. Solid lipid nanoparticles and nanostructured lipids carriers are widely seen as the workhorses of drug delivery systems because of low toxicity, enhanced encapsulation capacity, controlled drug kinetic release, easy tailoring and targeting and practicable scale up. CONCLUSIONS: A new generation of hybrid lipid nanoparticles has emerged by combining the lipidic properties with polymers, proteins and metallic structures...
November 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141107/metal-transformation-as-a-strategy-for-bacterial-detoxification-of-heavy-metals
#14
Ashraf M M Essa, Mohamed A Al Abboud, Sayeed I Khatib
Microorganisms can modify the chemical and physical characters of metals leading to an alteration in their speciation, mobility, and toxicity. Aqueous heavy metals solutions (Hg, Cd, Pb, Ag, Cu, and Zn) were treated with the volatile metabolic products (VMPs) of Escherichia coli Z3 for 24 h using aerobic bioreactor. The effect of the metals treated with VMPs in comparison to the untreated metals on the growth of E. coli S1 and Staphylococcus aureus S2 (local isolates) was examined. Moreover, the toxic properties of the treated and untreated metals were monitored using minimum inhibitory concentration assay...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139577/copper-uptake-patterns-of-bioaccumulation-and-effects-in-glochidia-larvae-of-the-freshwater-mussel-lampsilis-cardium
#15
Marianna Basso Jorge, Adalto Bianchini, Chris M Wood, Patricia L Gillis
The early life stages of freshwater mussels are particularly sensitive to Cu contamination. We measured the acute toxicity, bioaccumulation and sublethal effects of Cu in glochidia. Additionally, we used radiolabeled Cu ((64) Cu) to examine the time-dependent kinetics of uptake over 24 h. (64) Cu uptake by live and dead glochidia exposed to 0.11 μmol/L exhibited similar hyperbolic patterns over the first 40 min, indicating an adsorptive phase independent of larval metabolism. Thereafter, uptake was linear with time, with a 10-fold lower bioaccumulation rate in live than in dead animals, representing a close to steady state of Cu regulation...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138910/metabolic-synergies-in-the-biotransformation-of-organic-and-metallic-toxic-compounds-by-a-saprotrophic-soil-fungus
#16
Andrea Ceci, Flavia Pinzari, Carmela Riccardi, Oriana Maggi, Lucia Pierro, Marco Petrangeli Papini, Geoffrey Michael Gadd, Anna Maria Persiani
The saprotrophic fungus Penicillium griseofulvum was chosen as model organism to study responses to a mixture of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers (α-HCH, β-HCH, γ-HCH, δ-HCH) and potentially toxic metals (vanadium, lead) in solid and liquid media. The P. griseofulvum FBL 500 strain was isolated from polluted soil containing high concentrations of HCH isomers and potentially toxic elements (Pb, V). Experiments were performed in order to analyse the tolerance/resistance of this fungus to xenobiotics and to shed further light on fungal potential in inorganic and organic biotransformations...
November 14, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138774/exploring-the-effect-of-substituent-in-the-hydrazone-ligand-of-a-family-of-%C3%AE-oxidodivanadium-v-hydrazone-complexes-on-structure-dna-binding-and-anticancer-activity
#17
Debashis Patra, Subhabrata Paul, Indira Majumder, Nayim Sepay, Sachinath Bera, Rita Kundu, Michael G B Drew, Tapas Ghosh
The reaction of 2-hydroxybenzoylhydrazine (H2bh) separately with equimolar amounts of [V(IV)O(aa)2] and [V(IV)O(ba)2] in CHCl3 afforded the complexes [VO3(HL(1))2] (1) and [VO3(HL(2))2] (2) respectively in good to excellent yield ((HL(1))(2-) and (HL(2))(2-) represent respectively the dianionic form of 2-hydroxybenzoylhydrazones of acetylacetone (H3L(1)) and benzoylacetone (H3L(2)) (general abbreviation H3L)). From X-ray structure analysis, the V(V)-O-V(V) angle was found to be ∼115° and 180° in 1 and 2 respectively...
November 15, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138306/key-metabolites-and-mechanistic-changes-for-salt-tolerance-in-an-experimentally-evolved-sulfate-reducing-bacterium-desulfovibrio-vulgaris
#18
Aifen Zhou, Rebecca Lau, Richard Baran, Jincai Ma, Frederick von Netzer, Weiling Shi, Drew Gorman-Lewis, Megan L Kempher, Zhili He, Yujia Qin, Zhou Shi, Grant M Zane, Liyou Wu, Benjamin P Bowen, Trent R Northen, Kristina L Hillesland, David A Stahl, Judy D Wall, Adam P Arkin, Jizhong Zhou
Rapid genetic and phenotypic adaptation of the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough to salt stress was observed during experimental evolution. In order to identify key metabolites important for salt tolerance, a clone, ES10-5, which was isolated from population ES10 and allowed to experimentally evolve under salt stress for 5,000 generations, was analyzed and compared to clone ES9-11, which was isolated from population ES9 and had evolved under the same conditions for 1,200 generations...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137888/comparative-effects-of-graphene-and-graphene-oxide-on-copper-toxicity-to-daphnia-magna-role-of-surface-oxygenic-functional-groups
#19
Yingying Liu, Wenhong Fan, Zhizhen Xu, Weihua Peng, Shenglian Luo
Although the risk of graphene materials to aquatic organisms has drawn wide attention, the combined effects of graphene materials with other contaminants such as toxic metals, which may bring about more serious effects than graphene materials alone, have seldom been explored. Herein, the effects of graphene (GN) and graphene oxide (GO, an important oxidized derivative of graphene) on copper (Cu) toxicity to Daphnia magna were systematically investigated. The results indicated that GN remarkably increased the Cu accumulation in D...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137811/improving-the-safety-of-metal-based-drugs-by-tuning-their-metabolism-with-chemoprotective-agents
#20
Jürgen Gailer
Metal-based drugs remain a tiny minority of all drugs that are on the market. The success story of the quintessential metal-based drug cisplatin (CP), which is intravenously administered to 70% of all cancer patients, however, demonstrates the inherent potential of metal-based drugs. A distinct disadvantage of CP is the dose-limiting severe toxic-side effects that it exerts in patients. To better understand the biomolecular basis for its toxicity, we employed a metallomics method to observe all platinum metabolites that are formed in blood plasma...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
97489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"