Read by QxMD icon Read

DMT1 gene

Guenievre Roussel, Valerie Stevens, Sarah Cottin, Harry J McArdle
Iron (Fe) metabolism is modified by many nutritional factors. Amino acids (AA) play a central role in various biological processes, such as protein synthesis and energy supply. However, the influence of AA status on iron metabolism has not been investigated. Here, we test whether AA alters iron metabolism in an intestinal cell model. Both Fe uptake and transfer across the cell monolayer were significantly increased by non-essential AA deficiency (both p<0.001) while only Fe transfer was increased by essential AA deficiency (p<0...
March 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Bo Jiang, Guohao Liu, Jiashuo Zheng, Mengxia Chen, Zaitunamu Maimaitiming, Min Chen, Shunli Liu, Ruiwei Jiang, Brie K Fuqua, Joshua L Dunaief, Chris D Vulpe, Gregory J Anderson, Hongwei Wang, Huijun Chen
Multicopper ferroxidases (MCFs) play an important role in cellular iron homeostasis. However, the role of MCFs in renal metabolism remains unclear. We used Hephaestin (Heph) and Ceruloplasmin (Cp) single or double (Heph/Cp) knockout (KO) mice to study the roles of MCFs in the kidney. Renal iron levels and the expression of iron metabolism genes were examined. The non-heme iron content both in the renal cortex and medulla of Heph/Cp KO mice was significantly increased. Perls' Prussian blue staining showed iron accumulation on the apical side of renal tubular cells in Heph/Cp KO mice...
December 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nana Owusu-Boaitey, Kyle A Bauckman, Tingxuan Zhang, Indira U Mysorekar
INTRODUCTION: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), the causative agent of over 85% of urinary tract infections (UTIs), elaborate a number of siderophores to chelate iron from the host. On the other hand, the host immune imperative is to limit the availability of iron to the bacteria. Little is known regarding the mechanisms underlying this host-iron-UPEC interaction. Our objective was to determine whether macrophages, in response to UPEC infection, retain extracellular siderophore-bound and free iron, thus limiting the ability of UPEC to access iron...
December 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Gaetano Bergamaschi, Antonio Di Sabatino, Alessandra Pasini, Cristina Ubezio, Filippo Costanzo, Davide Grataroli, Michela Masotti, Costanza Alvisi, Gino R Corazza
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Through inhibition of iron absorption and iron mobilization from tissue stores, hepcidin exerts a negative control on iron homeostasis. Hepcidin, in fact, promotes the degradation of ferroportin (Fpn1), the iron exporter molecule expressed on the membrane of hepatocytes and macrophages, thus preventing iron release from cells to plasma. Hepcidin effects on enterocytes, however, are less clear. Aim of the present study was to further investigate the regulation of iron absorption by hepcidin...
September 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Jung-Heun Ha, Caglar Doguer, James F Collins
Intestinal iron absorption is highly regulated since no mechanism for iron excretion exists. We previously demonstrated that expression of an intestinal copper transporter (Atp7a) increases in parallel with genes encoding iron transporters in the rat duodenal epithelium during iron deprivation (Am. J. Physiol.: Gastrointest. Liver Physiol., 2005, 288, G964-G971). This led us to postulate that Atp7a may influence intestinal iron flux. Therefore, to test the hypothesis that Atp7a is required for optimal iron transport, we silenced Atp7a in rat IEC-6 and human Caco-2 cells...
September 1, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Saïd Nemmiche, Pascale Guiraud
Cadmium (Cd), a potent toxic heavy metal, is a widespread environmental contaminant. Its cellular traffic via pathways dedicated to transition metals contributes to the toxicity mechanisms. Zinc (Zn) homeostasis is complex, involving both zinc importers (Zip) and zinc exporters (ZnT). Cellular signal transduction pathways are influenced by Zn and redox status of the cell. The aim of the present study is to examine if the accumulation of Cd in the human lymphocyte B cell line BJAB and its capacity to promote oxidative stress and adverse effects could result from changes in the mRNA expression pattern of Zn transporters and metallothioneins...
December 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Juliana Frossard Ribeiro Mendes, Egle Machado de Almeida Siqueira, João Gabriel Marques de Brito E Silva, Sandra Fernandes Arruda
BACKGROUND: Considering that vitamin A deficiency modulates hepcidin expression and consequently affects iron metabolism, we evaluated the effect of vitamin A deficiency in the expression of genes involved in the hemojuvelin (HJV)-bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6)-small mothers against decapentaplegic protein (SMAD) signaling pathway. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were treated: control AIN-93G diet (CT), vitamin A-deficient diet (VAD), iron-deficient diet (FeD), vitamin A- and iron-deficient diet (VAFeD), or 12 mg all-trans retinoic acid (atRA)/kg diet...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
Xiang Xue, Sadeesh K Ramakrishnan, Kevin Weisz, Daniel Triner, Liwei Xie, Durga Attili, Asha Pant, Balázs Győrffy, Mingkun Zhan, Christin Carter-Su, Karin M Hardiman, Thomas D Wang, Michael K Dame, James Varani, Dean Brenner, Eric R Fearon, Yatrik M Shah
Dietary iron intake and systemic iron balance are implicated in colorectal cancer (CRC) development, but the means by which iron contributes to CRC are unclear. Gene expression and functional studies demonstrated that the cellular iron importer, divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), is highly expressed in CRC through hypoxia-inducible factor 2α-dependent transcription. Colon-specific Dmt1 disruption resulted in a tumor-selective inhibitory effect of proliferation in mouse colon tumor models. Proteomic and genomic analyses identified an iron-regulated signaling axis mediated by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), JAK1, and STAT3 in CRC progression...
September 13, 2016: Cell Metabolism
Feng Chen, Zhi Luo, Guang-Hui Chen, Xi Shi, Xu Liu, Yu-Feng Song, Ya-Xiong Pan
The present study was conducted to explore the effects of waterborne Cu exposure on intestinal Cu transport and lipid metabolism of Synechogobius hasta. S. hasta were exposed to 0, 0.4721 and 0.9442μM Cu, respectively. Sampling occurred on days 0, 21 and 42, respectively. Growth performance, intestinal lipid deposition, Cu content, and activities and mRNA expression of enzymes and genes involved in Cu transport and lipid metabolism were analyzed. Cu exposure decreased WG and SGR on days 21 and 42. Cu exposure increased intestinal Cu and lipid contents...
September 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Ali Shawki, Melinda A Engevik, Robert S Kim, Patrick B Knight, Rusty A Baik, Sarah R Anthony, Roger T Worrell, Gary E Shull, Bryan Mackenzie
Divalent metal-ion transporter-1 (DMT1), the principal mechanism by which nonheme iron is taken up at the intestinal brush border, is energized by the H(+)-electrochemical potential gradient. The provenance of the H(+) gradient in vivo is unknown, so we have explored a role for brush-border Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) isoforms by examining iron homeostasis and intestinal iron handling in mice lacking NHE2 or NHE3. We observed modestly depleted liver iron stores in NHE2-null (NHE2(-/-)) mice stressed on a low-iron diet but no change in hematological or blood iron variables or the expression of genes associated with iron metabolism compared with wild-type mice...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Feng Chen, Zhi Luo, Yao-Fang Fan, Kun Wu, Ya-Xiong Pan, Xu Liu, Li-Han Zhang, Yu-Feng Song
Two isoforms of Cu transporter (CTR1 and CTR2) and metallothionein (MT1 and MT2), and divalent metal ion transporter 1 (DMT1) were cloned and characterized in Synechogobius hasta, respectively. The protein sequences of S. hasta CTRs possessed two methionine-rich regions (MxM and MxxxM) and three transmembrane regions. At the C-terminus, CTR1 contained a sequence of conserved cysteine and histidine residues (HCH), while CTR2 did not contain the conserved sequence. The protein sequence of S. hasta DMT1 possessed all the characteristic features of DMT1, including twelve conserved hydrophobic cores of transmembrane domains...
September 2016: Chemosphere
Gretchen L Seim, Elad Tako, Cedric Ahn, Raymond P Glahn, Sera L Young
The causes and consequences of geophagy, the craving and consumption of earth, remain enigmatic, despite its recognition as a behavior with public health implications. Iron deficiency has been proposed as both a cause and consequence of geophagy, but methodological limitations have precluded a decisive investigation into this relationship. Here we present a novel in vivo model for assessing the impact of geophagic earth on iron status: Gallus gallus (broiler chicken). For four weeks, animals were gavaged daily with varying dosages of geophagic material or pure clay mineral...
June 13, 2016: Nutrients
A Zetzsche, N Schunter, J Zentek, R Pieper
A study was conducted to determine the effect of high dietary zinc (Zn) oxide on trace element accumulation in various organs with special emphasis on the kidney. A total of 40 weaned piglets were allocated into two groups with 16 and 24 piglets each receiving a diet containing normal (NZn; 100mg Zn/kg) or high (HZn; 2,100mg Zn/kg) Zn concentration, respectively. After two weeks, eight piglets from each treatment were killed and organ samples were taken. Eight piglets from the remaining 16 pigs fed HZn diets were changed to NZn diets (CZn)...
May 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Jorge Moreno-Fernandez, Javier Diaz-Castro, Mario Pulido-Moran, Maria J M Alferez, Christine Boesch, Ana Sanchez-Alcover, Inmaculada López-Aliaga
Despite the crucial roles of duodenal cytochrome b (Dcytb), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), ferritin light chain (Ftl1), ferroportin 1 (FPN1), transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), and hepcidin antimicrobial peptide (Hamp) in Fe metabolism, no studies have investigated the modulations of these genes during Fe repletion with fermented milks. Analysis included Fe status markers and gene and protein expression in enterocytes of control and anemic animals fed fermented milks. Fermented goat's milk up-regulated enterocyte Dcytb, DMT1, FPN1, and Ftl1 and down-regulated TfR1 and Hamp gene expression in control and anemic animals...
March 30, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ailsa Watson, Christopher Lipina, Harry J McArdle, Peter M Taylor, Harinder S Hundal
Iron is an indispensable micronutrient that regulates many aspects of cell function, including growth and proliferation. These processes are critically dependent upon signalling via the mammalian or mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). Herein, we test whether iron depletion induced by cell incubation with the iron chelator, deferoxamine (DFO), mediates its effects on cell growth through mTORC1-directed signalling and protein synthesis. We have used Caco-2 cells, a well-established in vitro model of human intestinal epithelia...
May 2016: Cellular Signalling
Dan Chen, Anumantha G Kanthasamy, Manju B Reddy
Background. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that causes severe brain dopamine depletion. Disruption of iron metabolism may be involved in the PD progression. Objective. To test the protective effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) against 6-hydroxydopamine- (6-OHDA-) induced neurotoxicity by regulating iron metabolism in N27 cells. Methods. Protection by EGCG in N27 cells was assessed by SYTOX green assay, MTT, and caspase-3 activity. Iron regulatory gene and protein expression were measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting...
2015: Parkinson's Disease
Annette Burkhart, Tina Skjørringe, Kasper Bendix Johnsen, Piotr Siupka, Louiza Bohn Thomsen, Morten Schallburg Nielsen, Lars Lykke Thomsen, Torben Moos
The mechanisms for iron transport through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) remain a controversy. We analyzed for expression of mRNA and proteins involved in oxidation and transport of iron in isolated brain capillaries from dietary normal, iron-deficient, and iron-reverted rats. The expression was also investigated in isolated rat brain endothelial cells (RBECs) and in immortalized rat brain endothelial (RBE4) cells grown as monoculture or in hanging culture inserts with defined BBB properties. Transferrin receptor 1, ferrireductases Steap 2 and 3, divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), ferroportin, soluble and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored ceruloplasmin, and hephaestin were all expressed in brain capillaries in vivo and in isolated RBECs and RBE4 cells...
December 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Goichi Beck, Koei Shinzawa, Hideki Hayakawa, Kousuke Baba, Toru Yasuda, Hisae Sumi-Akamaru, Yoshihide Tsujimoto, Hideki Mochizuki
Mutations in PLA2G6 have been proposed to be the cause of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 2. The present study aimed to clarify the mechanism underlying brain iron accumulation during the deficiency of calcium-independent phospholipase A2 beta (iPLA2β), which is encoded by the PLA2G6 gene. Perl's staining with diaminobenzidine enhancement was used to visualize brain iron accumulation. Western blotting was used to investigate the expression of molecules involved in iron homeostasis, including divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and iron regulatory proteins (IRP1 and 2), in the brains of iPLA2β-knockout (KO) mice as well as in PLA2G6-knockdown (KD) SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells...
2015: PloS One
Monika Szeliga, Aleksandra Różycka, Paulina Jędrak, Sylwia Barańska, Piotr Janik, Zygmunt Jamrozik, Jan Albrecht
Recent studies have demonstrated elevated levels of iron (Fe) in brains of patients with Huntington's disease (HD). Striatal cells carrying mutated Huntingtin presented increased sensitivity to cadmium (Cd) toxicity, decreased sensitivity to manganese (Mn) toxicity and deficits in Mn uptake. The hypothesis arose that the observed alterations result from the altered expression and/or activity of proteins engaged in the transport of these metals, that is: transferrin (TF), transferrin receptor (TFR), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and ZIP8 protein...
February 2016: Neurochemical Research
Alina Zetzsche, Robert Pieper, Jürgen Zentek
Increasing litter sizes in modern swine production have raised an urgent need for artificial rearing strategies and formula feeding. The current experiment was conducted to study the influence of formula trace element concentration according to recommendations for weaned piglets on the mRNA concentration of zinc (Zn)-related genes in the jejunum, liver and pancreas of neonatal piglets. Eight artificially reared piglets were fed a cow-milk-based formula (Group FO) containing 100 mg Zn/kg dry matter. Eight of their sow-reared littermates (Group SM) were used as control...
2015: Archives of Animal Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"