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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909506/the-influence-of-in-vitro-pectin-fermentation-on-the-human-fecal-microbiome
#1
So-Jung Bang, Gayoung Kim, Mi Young Lim, Eun-Ji Song, Dong-Hyun Jung, Jun-Seok Kum, Young-Do Nam, Cheon-Seok Park, Dong-Ho Seo
Pectin is a complex dietary fiber and a prebiotic. To investigate pectin-induced changes in the gut microbiome and their effects on the short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production, we performed in vitro pectin fermentation using the feces of three Korean donors. The pectin degradations in all three donors were observed. While the donors displayed differences in baseline gut microbiota composition, commonly increased bacteria after pectin fermentation included Lachnospira, Dorea, Clostridium, and Sutterella. Regarding SCFAs, acetate levels rapidly increased with incubation with pectin, and butyrate levels also increased after 6 h of incubation...
June 16, 2018: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908894/microrna-499a-decelerates-glioma-cell-proliferation-while-accelerating-apoptosis-through-the-suppression-of-notch1-and-the-mapk-signaling-pathway
#2
Bang-Qing Wang, Bin Yang, Hua-Chao Yang, Jun-Yi Wang, Sen Hu, Yu-Shuai Gao, Xing-Yao Bu
As the most common and lethal of intracranial tumors, glioma accounts for 81% of all malignant brain tumors. Research data has identified the role of microRNAs (miRs) as functional suppressers in the progression of Glioma. The present study aimed to, ascertain as to whether microRNA-499a (miR-499a) influences cell proliferation and apoptosis through the MAPK signaling pathway by targeting Notch1 in glioma. Both glioma and adjacent tissues between 2012~2016, were obtained from People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University (Henan Provincial People's Hospital)...
June 14, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908788/prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-in-extensive-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-outcomes-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-centre
#3
Andrew Bang, Wayne S Kendal, Scott A Laurie, Graham Cook, Robert M MacRae
PURPOSE: The role of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) remains controversial in extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) with the publication of 2 randomized control trials demonstrating differing outcomes in overall survival. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of PCI on survival and the development of brain metastasis while addressing the disparate use of postchemotherapy brain imaging in the aforementioned trials. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The medical records of 397 consecutive patients with ES-SCLC between Jan...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907767/all-depth-dispersion-cancellation-in-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-using-numerical-intensity-correlations
#4
Mikkel Jensen, Niels Møller Israelsen, Michael Maria, Thomas Feuchter, Adrian Podoleanu, Ole Bang
In ultra-high resolution (UHR-) optical coherence tomography (OCT) group velocity dispersion (GVD) must be corrected for in order to approach the theoretical resolution limit. One approach promises not only compensation, but complete annihilation of even order dispersion effects, and that at all sample depths. This approach has hitherto been demonstrated with an experimentally demanding 'balanced detection' configuration based on using two detectors. We demonstrate intensity correlation (IC) OCT using a conventional spectral domain (SD) UHR-OCT system with a single detector...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906611/renewed-classification-within-goniurosaurus-squamata-eublepharidae-uncovers-the-dual-roles-of-a-continental-island-hainan-in-species-evolution
#5
Bin Liang, Run-Bang Zhou, Yan-Lin Liu, Bei Chen, L Lee Grismer, Ning Wang
Continental islands are often dynamic in regard to the origin and evolution of their biota. Although colonizations from mainland Southeast Asia to Hainan Island have been reported, the role of Hainan Island as a source for continental biota has not been considered. Goniurosaurus is a genus comprised of nocturnal ground geckos. We reexamined the evolutionary history of Goniurosaurus using both molecular phylogenetics and morphological comparisons. All phylogenetic trees recovered G. zhoui as sister to G. hainanensis + G...
June 12, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906203/radiographic-review-of-current-therapeutic-and-monitoring-devices-in-the-chest
#6
Christopher J G Sigakis, Susan K Mathai, Thomas D Suby-Long, Nicole L Restauri, Daniel Ocazionez, Tami J Bang, Carlos S Restrepo, Peter B Sachs, Daniel Vargas
Chest radiographs are obtained as a standard part of clinical care. Rapid advancements in medical technology have resulted in a myriad of new medical devices, and familiarity with their imaging appearance is a critical yet increasingly difficult endeavor. Many modern thoracic medical devices are new renditions of old designs and are often smaller than older versions. In addition, multiple device designs serving the same purpose may have varying morphologies and positions within the chest. The radiologist must be able to recognize and correctly identify the proper positioning of state-of-the-art medical devices and identify any potential complications that could impact patient care and management...
June 15, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905301/egd-core-curriculum
#7
Richard S Kwon, Raquel E Davila, Daniel K Mullady, Mohammad A Al-Haddad, Ji Young Bang, Juliane Bingener-Casey, Brian P Bosworth, Jennifer A Christie, Gregory A Cote, Sarah Diamond, Jennifer Jorgensen, Thomas E Kowalski, Nisa Kubiliun, Joanna K Law, Keith L Obstein, Waqar A Qureshi, Francisco C Ramirez, Robert E Sedlack, Franklin Tsai, Shivakumar Vignesh, Mihir S Wagh, Daniel Zanchetti, Walter J Coyle, Jonathan Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: VideoGIE: an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905071/cu-mediated-stereoselective-4-2-annulation-between-n-hydroxybenzimidoyl-cyanide-and-norbornene
#8
Kui Liu, Zhen-Bang Chen, Fang-Ling Zhang, Chun Qian, Shou-Wei Tao, Qiong Ming Xu, Yong-Ming Zhu
A Cu-mediated stereoselective [4+2] annulation between N-hydroxybenzimidoyl cyanide and NBE has been developed for the synthesis of 4H-1,2-oxazin-4-ones. The reaction proceeds through sequentially forming C-O/C-C bond. The advantage of this reaction includes high stereoselectivity, atom economy, excellent yields, as well as simple and mild reaction conditions. A total of 26 examples are presented along with some control experiments.
June 15, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902577/early-metastatic-colorectal-cancers-show-increased-tissue-expression-of-mir-17-92-cluster-members-in-the-invasive-tumor-front
#9
Rikke Karlin Jepsen, Guy Wayne Novotny, Louise Laurberg Klarskov, Claus Heiner Bang-Bertelsen, Ida Trondhjem Haakansson, Anker Hansen, Ib Jarle Christensen, Lene Buhl Riis Ass, Estrid Høgdall
Accurate prediction of regional lymph node metastases (LNM) in endoscopically resected pT1 colorectal cancer (CRC) is crucial in treatment stratification for subsequent radical surgery. Several miRNAs have been linked to CRC invasion and metastasis, including the oncogenic miR-17/92 cluster, and expression levels might have predictive value in the risk assessment of early metastatic progression in CRC. We performed global miRNA microarray using tissue samples from the invasive front of pT1 CRC and investigated associations of the miR-17/92 cluster and presence of LNM...
June 11, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901585/abdominal-peripheral-nerve-block-as-the-only-anesthetic-technique-for-totally-extraperitoneal-endoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-two-case-reports
#10
Woojin Kwon, Seunguk Bang, Hyojung Soh, Won Jun Jeong, Sang Chul Lee, Byung Jo Choi
RATIONALE: Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair is a rapidly evolving, minimally invasive treatment modality for inguinal hernia. Compared with open hernia repair, this method requires a smaller incision, has cosmetic advantages, and facilitates rapid recovery and early return to daily activities because of less postoperative pain. Because general anesthesia is essential for TEP hernia repair, it cannot be performed on patients who have an increased risk of developing complications when placed under general anesthesia...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898721/optimization-of-%C3%AA-ornithine-production-in-recombinant-corynebacterium-glutamicum-s9114-by-cg3035-overexpression-and-manipulating-the-central-metabolic-pathway
#11
Bin Zhang, Miao Yu, Wen-Ping Wei, Bang-Ce Ye
BACKGROUND: ʟ-Ornithine is an important amino acid with broad applications in pharmaceutical and food industries. Despite lagging ʟ-ornithine productivity and cost reduction, microbial fermentation is a promising route for sustainable ʟ-ornithine production and thus development of robust microbial strains with high stability and productivity is essential. RESULTS: Previously, we systematically developed a new strain, SO1 originate from Corynebacterium glutamicum S9114, for ʟ-ornithine production...
June 13, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897979/increased-risk-of-suicide-in-new-south-wales-men-with-prostate-cancer-analysis-of-linked-population-wide-data
#12
David P Smith, Ross Calopedos, Albert Bang, Xue Qin Yu, Sam Egger, Suzanne Chambers, Dianne L O'Connell
BACKGROUND: An elevated risk of suicide after a diagnosis of prostate cancer has been reported previously in the USA and Sweden. We aimed to identify whether prostate cancer survivors resident in New South Wales Australia are at higher risk of suicide and if so, who is most at risk. METHODS: Data were obtained from the New South Wales (NSW) Cancer Registry for all men diagnosed with prostate cancer in NSW during 1997 to 2007. These were linked by the Centre for Health Record Linkage (CHeReL) to Australian Bureau of Statistics Mortality Data to the end of 2007 to determine vital status and cause of death...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896594/a-silver-metal-complex-as-a-luminescent-probe-for-enzymatic-sensing-of-glucose-in-blood-plasma-and-urine
#13
Zheng-Bang Pan, Ying-Chu Wang, Gomathy Chakkaradhari, Jian Fan Zhu, Rong-Yu He, Yu-Ci Liu, Chia-Hui Hsu, Igor O Koshevoy, Pi-Tai Chou, Sheng-Wei Pan, Mei-Lin Ho
In this work, we present a facile preparation of a paper-based glucose assay for rapid, sensitive, and quantitative measurement of glucose in blood plasma and urine. Two copper phosphorescent complexes [Cu(2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline)(2,6-dimethylphenylisocyanide)2][B(C6H3(CF3)2)4] (Cu1) and [Cu(2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)(2,6-dimethylphenylisocyanide)2][B(C6H3(CF3)2)4] (Cu2) and a new silver congener [Ag(P3)CNAg(P3)][B(C6H3(CF3)2)4] (Ag3) (P3 = PPh2C6H4-PPh-C6H4PPh2 [bis(o-diphenylphosphinophenyl)phenylphosphine]) have been synthesized and their oxygen sensing abilities were investigated...
June 13, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896573/oncologic-outcomes-after-radical-surgery-for-periampullary-cancer-in-octogenarians
#14
Sung Hyun Kim, Jae Uk Chong, Jin Hong Lim, Moon Jae Chung, Jeong Youp Park, Seung Min Bang, Seung Woo Park, Ho Kyung Hwang, Chang Moo Kang, Woo Jung Lee, Kyung Sik Kim
Backgrounds/Aims: Interest in treatments for elderly patients has increased with life expectancy, and various studies have reported on the safety and feasibility of radical surgery in elderly patients with cancer. Here, we investigated oncologic outcomes of periampullary cancer in octogenarians. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 68 patients over 80 years of age who were diagnosed with periampullary cancer and were eligible for surgery; we analyzed overall survival (OS) and immediate postoperative complications and mortality...
May 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896325/screening-questionnaires-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-updated-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Babak Amra, Behzad Rahmati, Forogh Soltaninejad, Awat Feizi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder and is associated with significant morbidity. We sought to present an updated systematic review of the literature on the accuracy of screening questionnaires for OSA against polysomnography (PSG) as the reference test. Using the main databases (including Medline, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Scopus) we used a combination of relevant keywords to filter studies published between January 2010 and April 2017. Population-based studies evaluating the accuracy of screening questionnaires for OSA against PSG were included in the review...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896152/a-review-of-scales-to-evaluate-sleep-disturbances-in-movement-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Mónica M Kurtis, Roberta Balestrino, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Maria João Forjaz, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Patients with movement disorders have a high prevalence of sleep disturbances that can be classified as (1) nocturnal sleep symptoms, such as insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movements (PLM), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and REM sleep behavior disorder; and (2) diurnal problems that include excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep attacks. The objective of this review is to provide a practical overview of the most relevant scales that assess these disturbances to guide the choice of the most useful instrument/s depending on the line of research or clinical focus...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895415/white-matter-abnormalities-of-the-tapetum-and-their-associations-with-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-and-symptom-severity-in-first-episode-psychosis
#17
Sun Woo Lee, Arira Lee, Tai Kiu Choi, Borah Kim, Kang-Soo Lee, Minji Bang, Sang-Hyuk Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894585/radiation-safety-with-dose-reduction-technology-the-buck-stops-at-zero-dose
#18
EDITORIAL
Vigyan V Bang, Michael S Levy
Exposure to ionizing radiation in cardiovascular imaging and its adverse impact on health is a growing concern. Cath lab imaging dose-reduction technology is an effective way to reduce patient and operator radiation dose. More clinical trials and studies such as this one are needed to assess the short-and long-term impact of this important technology.
June 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894023/regulation-of-ciliary-membrane-protein-trafficking-and-signalling-by-kinesin-motor-proteins
#19
REVIEW
Stine Kjaer Morthorst, Søren Tvorup Christensen, Lotte Bang Pedersen
Primary cilia are antenna-like sensory organelles that regulate a substantial number of cellular signalling pathways in vertebrates, both during embryonic development as well as in adulthood, and mutations in genes coding for ciliary proteins are causative of an expanding group of pleiotropic diseases known as ciliopathies. Cilia consist of a microtubule-based axoneme core, which is subtended by a basal body and covered by a bilayer lipid membrane of unique protein and lipid composition. Cilia are dynamic organelles, and the ability of cells to regulate ciliary protein and lipid content in response to specific cellular and environmental cues is crucial for balancing ciliary signalling output...
June 12, 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892496/a-method-using-goldmann-stimulus-sizes-i-to-v-measured-sensitivities-to-predict-lead-time-gained-to-visual-field-defect-detection-in-early-glaucoma
#20
Jack Phu, Sieu K Khuu, Bang V Bui, Michael Kalloniatis
Purpose: To predict the lead time (difference in time taken for a visual field [VF] defect to be detected) obtained when using stimulus sizes within or near the size of the critical area of spatial summation (Ac), and to test these predictions using sensitivity measurements from a cohort of glaucoma patients. Methods: Thirty-seven patients with early open-angle glaucoma and 60 healthy observers underwent VF testing on the Humphrey Field Analyzer in full threshold mode using Goldmann stimulus sizes I to V (GI-V) across the 30-2 test grid...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
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