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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335558/modeling-the-development-of-audiovisual-cue-integration-in-speech-perception
#1
Laura M Getz, Elke R Nordeen, Sarah C Vrabic, Joseph C Toscano
Adult speech perception is generally enhanced when information is provided from multiple modalities. In contrast, infants do not appear to benefit from combining auditory and visual speech information early in development. This is true despite the fact that both modalities are important to speech comprehension even at early stages of language acquisition. How then do listeners learn how to process auditory and visual information as part of a unified signal? In the auditory domain, statistical learning processes provide an excellent mechanism for acquiring phonological categories...
March 21, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335547/genomic-loads-and-genotypes-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-viral-factors-during-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-chilean-hospitalized-infants
#2
Yazmín Espinosa, Camila San Martín, Alejandro A Torres, Mauricio J Farfán, Juan P Torres, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Pedro A Piedra, Lorena I Tapia
The clinical impact of viral factors (types and viral loads) during respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is still controversial, especially regarding newly described genotypes. In this study, infants with RSV bronchiolitis were recruited to describe the association of these viral factors with severity of infection. RSV antigenic types, genotypes, and viral loads were determined from hospitalized patients at Hospital Roberto del Río, Santiago, Chile. Cases were characterized by demographic and clinical information, including days of lower respiratory symptoms and severity...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335478/lactational-stage-of-pasteurized-human-donor-milk-contributes-to-nutrient-limitations-for-infants
#3
Christina J Valentine, Georgia Morrow, Amanda Reisinger, Kelly A Dingess, Ardythe L Morrow, Lynette K Rogers
BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk is the first choice for feeding preterm infants, but when not available, pasteurized human donor milk (PDM) is often used. Infants fed PDM have difficulties maintaining appropriate growth velocities. To assess the most basic elements of nutrition, we tested the hypotheses that fatty acid and amino acid composition of PDM is highly variable and standard pooling practices attenuate variability; however, total nutrients may be limiting without supplementation due to late lactational stage of the milk...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335374/beverage-consumption-among-u-s-children-aged-0-24-months-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#4
Carley A Grimes, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Theresa A Nicklas
Data on beverage consumption patterns in early life are limited. The aim of this study was to describe beverage consumption by sociodemographic characteristics, along with water intake and sources of water among U.S. children aged 0-24 months. Data from 2740 children in the 2005-2012 NHANES were analysed. Food intake was determined via one 24-h dietary recall. Beverages were categorised according to What We Eat In America groups. Poverty-Income ratio was used to define household income. During infancy (0-5...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334968/postoperative-stridor-following-repair-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-a-case-report
#5
Showkat Hussain Tali, Nandkishore Shrikishanji Kabra, Javed Ahmed, Jui Mandke, Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Manohar Shaan, Swarup Kumar Dash, Shagufta Yousuf
We report a case of prolonged post-operative stridor in a full-term neonate who was operated for tracheoesophageal fistula. Initial evaluation including an endoscopy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan was normal. Repeat endoscopic evaluation under anesthesia revealed tight aryepiglottic folds. Aryepiglottic split was performed and stridor improved dramatically. Tight aryepiglottic folds should be kept in differential diagnosis in a case of postoperative stridor in an infant.
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334949/mycoplasma-hominis-ureaplasma-urealyticum-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-respiratory-colonization-in-malaysian-preterm-infants
#6
Khuen Foong Ng, Kah Kee Tan, Mi-Chelle Chok, Nurul Zamil Mohd Muzzamil, Pauline Choo, Umathevi Paramasivam, Marlindawati Mohd Ali, Jun Yan Goh, Wan Ying Gan
This prospective observational study aims to determine the incidence, predictors and clinical features of Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) respiratory colonization in infants <37 weeks of gestation. A total of 200 preterm newborns admitted to a tertiary center in Malaysia between 2013 and 2015 for increased breathing effort had their respiratory secretions tested for these bacteria by polymerase chain reaction. Fifteen of the 200 (7.5%) infants were detected to have these organisms in their respiratory tracts...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334845/infantile-tremor-syndrome-and-subdural-hemorrhage-in-an-infant-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Anirban Mandal, Mayank Priyadarshi, Kanaram Jat, Sushil Kumar Kabra
Cystic fibrosis (CF), an autosomal recessive disease with multi-system involvement, may present with bleeding in infancy owing to vitamin K malabsorption. Infantile tremor syndrome (ITS) is an obscure condition associated with vitamin B12 and other micronutrient deficiencies, described predominantly in Indian subcontinent. We describe an infant presenting with ITS and chronic subdural hemorrhage. He was subsequently diagnosed to have CF. The ITS and subdural hemorrhage is rarely reported in children with CF...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334813/construction-of-ductal-diameter-centiles-in-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-and-their-relation-to-cerebral-blood-flow-in-neonates-weighing-less-than-1250%C3%A2-g-in-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life
#8
Sunil Pawar, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki, Sreeram Subramaniam, Hemashree Kandraju
Aims and objectives: To evaluate the ductal diameter centiles in the first 24 h of life and their relation to cerebral blood flow in neonates weighing <1250 g in the first 24 h of life. Method and material: This prospective observational cohort study enrolled 44 infants with birth weight <1250 g. Two-dimensional echocardiography and color Doppler were performed within the first 12 h of life and were repeated again in the next 12 h of life to assess the ductal size and middle cerebral artery (MCA) flows [peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), mean velocity (MV) and pulsatility index (PI)]...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334811/causes-and-predictors-of-neonatal-post-neonatal-and-maternal-deaths-in-india-analysis-of-a-nationwide-district-level-household-survey-4-dlhs-4-2012-13
#9
Jaya P Tripathy, Sanskruti Mishra
Introduction: There is lack of reliable mortality estimates in India about maternal, neonatal and infant deaths. As we move towards achieving the targets under Sustainable Development Goals, information on cause of death is essential to prioritize our resources and planning. Therefore, the present study describes the causes and characteristics of neonatal, post-neonatal and maternal deaths in India. Methods: The study analysed nationwide District-Level Household Survey-4 conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in 2014...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334746/a-newborn-with-transient-diabetes-mellitus-accompanied-by-ketoacidosis-attributable-to-a-zfp57-mutation
#10
Fatma Iyigun, Beyza Ozcan, Ferit Kulali, Istemi Han Celik, Semra Cetinkaya, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Nihal Demirel
Hyperglycemia commencing within the first 6 months of life requires exogenous insulin therapy and, if the condition persists for >2 weeks, is termed neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). This rare illness is of two types: transient and permanent NDM. Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight gain. In the present article, we describe an infant who smelt of ketones during examination and who was diagnosed with transient NDM caused by a ZFP57 mutation, accompanied by ketoacidosis...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334569/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-caesarean-section-in-preterm-breech-births-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Elsa Lorthe, Mathilde Quere, Loïc Sentilhes, Pierre Delorme, Gilles Kayem
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of breech presentation at 22-34 weeks' gestation, estimate the incidence of cesarean section delivery by cause of prematurity, and assess the factors associated with caesarean delivery in preterm breech births with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: EPIPAGE 2 is a French national prospective population-based cohort study of preterm births that occurred in 546 maternity units in 2011. We estimated the overall incidence of breech presentation and the incidence of cesarean delivery by cause of prematurity...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334397/does-post-implementation-vaccine-effectiveness-data-support-pre-implementation-predictions-of-4cmenb-utility
#13
Jamie Findlow, Ray Borrow
Meningococcal serogroup B vaccines have been licensed on the basis of safety and immunogenicity data without efficacy studies. Establishing the breadth of coverage of these new vaccines has proved difficult and relied on correlates of protection such as serum bactericidal antibody and a novel assays such as the Meningococcal Antigen Typing System. The demonstration of the effectiveness of 4CMenB in a reduced infant dose schedule together with detailed phenotypic and genotypic information gained from isolates and sera from cases of invasive MenB disease in vaccine eligible infants will enable a re-evaluation of our knowledge of correlates of protection...
March 8, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334351/effects-of-antenatal-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-socio-economic-status-on-neonatal-brain-development-are-modulated-by-genetic-risk
#14
Anqi Qiu, Mojun Shen, Claudia Buss, Yap-Seng Chong, Kenneth Kwek, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter D Gluckman, Pathik D Wadhwa, Sonja Entringer, Martin Styner, Neerja Karnani, Christine M Heim, Kieran J O'Donnell, Joanna D Holbrook, Marielle V Fortier, Michael J Meaney
This study included 168 and 85 mother-infant dyads from Asian and United States of America cohorts to examine whether a genomic profile risk score for major depressive disorder (GPRSMDD) moderates the association between antenatal maternal depressive symptoms (or socio-economic status, SES) and fetal neurodevelopment, and to identify candidate biological processes underlying such association. Both cohorts showed a significant interaction between antenatal maternal depressive symptoms and infant GPRSMDD on the right amygdala volume...
March 18, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334317/functional-brain-parcellations-of-the-infant-brain-and-the-associated-developmental-trends
#15
Feng Shi, Andrew P Salzwedel, Weili Lin, John H Gilmore, Wei Gao
Resting-state functional connectivity studies have dramatically improved our understanding of the early human brain functional development during the past decade. However, one emerging problem that could potentially impede future progresses in the field is the definition of regions of interest (ROI), since it is well known that functional connectivity estimation can be seriously contaminated by within-ROI signal heterogeneity. In this study, based on a large-scale rsfMRI data set in human infants (230 neonates, 143 1-year olds, and 107 2-year olds), we aimed to derive a set of anatomically constrained, infant-specific functional brain parcellations using functional connectivity-based clustering...
March 14, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334179/bayesian-distributed-lag-interaction-models-to-identify-perinatal-windows-of-vulnerability-in-children-s-health
#16
Ander Wilson, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright, Brent A Coull
Epidemiological research supports an association between maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and adverse children's health outcomes. Advances in exposure assessment and statistics allow for estimation of both critical windows of vulnerability and exposure effect heterogeneity. Simultaneous estimation of windows of vulnerability and effect heterogeneity can be accomplished by fitting a distributed lag model (DLM) stratified by subgroup. However, this can provide an incomplete picture of how effects vary across subgroups because it does not allow for subgroups to have the same window but different within-window effects or to have different windows but the same within-window effect...
February 27, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334033/a-qualitative-study-mothers-of-late-preterm-infants-relate-their-experiences-of-community-based-care
#17
Shahirose S Premji, Genevieve Currie, Sandra Reilly, Aliyah Dosani, Lynnette May Oliver, Abhay K Lodha, Marilyn Young
PURPOSE: In Alberta, the high occurrence of late preterm infants and early hospital discharge of mother-infant dyads has implications for postpartum care in the community. Shortened hospital stay and complexities surrounding the care of biologically and developmentally immature late preterm infants heighten anxiety and fears. Our descriptive phenomenological study explores mothers' experience of caring for their late preterm infants in the community. METHODS: Eleven mothers were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333827/levels-of-silicon-in-maternal-cord-and-newborn-serum-and-their-relation-with-those-of-zinc-and-copper
#18
N Marta Díaz-Gómez, Emmanuel Bissé, Thibault Senterre, Nieves L González-González, Eduardo Domenech, Gabriele Lindinger, Thomas Epting, Flora Barroso
BACKGROUND: Evidence of silicon's importance to health has been gradually accumulating. Nevertheless, there are few studies comparing serum silicon levels in newborns with maternal levels. Likewise, little is known concerning the inter-relation between silicon and other trace elements. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated maternal and newborn levels of serum silicon and their relation to those of zinc and copper. METHODS: We measured serum silicon, copper, and zinc in 66 pregnant women, in the umbilical cord of their infants, and in 44 newborns, by atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333750/topical-lidocaine-reduces-vaccination-pain-in-infants
#19
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333711/completed-weeks-of-gestation-and-risk-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-late-preterm-infants
#20
Shilpi Chabra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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