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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808468/treatment-of-a-maxillary-second-molar-with-one-buccal-and-two-palatal-roots-confirmed-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#1
Masoud Parirokh, Mahsa Razifar, Hamed Manochehrifar, Paul V Abbott, Nima Hatami, Nargessaddat Kashi, Aida Farhadi
Root canal configuration is an important subject in endodontic practice and dentists should be familiar with all possible types of root canal configuration. A forty-three year old male was referred for root canal treatment of his maxillary left second molar tooth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Pre-operative radiographs showed a three rooted molar. However, after access cavity preparation two palatal and one buccal orifices were detected. The patient was informed of the unusual root canal anatomy and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was ordered for precise evaluation of the anatomy...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790964/numb-chin-syndrome-leading-to-a-diagnosis-of-salivary-ductal-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Lei Wu, Yifan Zheng, Zhou Zhou, Yanmei Liu, Weixi Zhang, Qi Wu
Numb chin syndrome (NCS) refers to a rare sensory neuropathy characterized by numbness of the chin within the distribution of the mental or inferior alveolar nerve. Although NCS is usually caused by a benign process, it should not be underestimated and a thorough diagnostic evaluation for a new or known progressive malignancy should always be performed. Here, we report a case of salivary ductal adenocarcinoma that mimicked a pulpitis and periodontitis in its early presentation accompanied by numbness of chin...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776717/minimally-invasive-endodontics-a-new-diagnostic-system-for-assessing-pulpitis-and-subsequent-treatment-needs
#3
EDITORIAL
W J Wolters, H F Duncan, P L Tomson, I E Karim, G McKenna, M Dorri, L Stangvaltaite, L W M van der Sluis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754406/antibiotic-use-in-2016-by-members-of-the-american-association-of-endodontists-report-of-a-national-survey
#4
Mark Germack, Christine M Sedgley, Wael Sabbah, Brian Whitten
INTRODUCTION: This study surveyed the antibiotic prescribing practices of endodontists, and data were compared with previous surveys conducted in 1994 and 1999. METHODS: A 17-question survey was sent via www.surveymonkey.com to 3000 active members of the American Association of Endodontists for responses about antibiotic prescribing practices and demographics. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and linear regression analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748395/variation-in-caries-treatment-proposals-among-dentists-in-norway-the-best-interest-of-the-child
#5
A Rønneberg, A B Skaare, B Hofmann, I Espelid
AIM: To explore variation in treatment-related-decisions for severe caries in children among dentists in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Norway. It was also to evaluate the treatment choices in relation to the best interest of children and a child's rights to enjoy the highest standard of health care. METHODS: A pre-coded questionnaire was sent electronically to all general dental practitioners (GDPs) working in the PDS in eight counties in Norway (n = 611)...
July 26, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736921/supplementary-techniques-for-pain-control-during-root-canal-treatment-of-lower-posterior-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Pinpana Tupyota, Pattama Chailertvanitkul, Malinee Laopaiboon, Chetta Ngamjarus, Paul V Abbott, Suttichai Krisanaprakornkit
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate utilisation of supplementary techniques for pain control during root canal treatment of lower molars with irreversible pulpitis. The literature was searched using electronic databases up to year 2012. Seventeen studies with 1504 participants were included and each study compared experimental interventions with a standard treatment, i.e. the inferior alveolar nerve block. Changing the injection techniques or supplemental injection had no significant effect on pulp anaesthesia compared to the standard treatment (P = 1...
July 24, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728750/trigeminocardiac-reflex-during-non-surgical-root-canal-treatment-of-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#7
James I-Sheng Huang, Hao-Hueng Chang, Chun-Pei Lin, Wan-Chuen Liao, Chia-Tze Kao, Tsui-Hsien Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) is a unique clinical incident of acute change in hemodynamic balance, which may lead to hypotension, bradycardia, and even clinical crisis. Up to date, no study so far considers the impact of non-surgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) of irreversible pulpitis teeth under either local infiltration or block anesthesia on hemodynamic change possibly related to TCR. METHODS: This study enrolled 111 patients with 138 irreversible pulpitis teeth that were treated by two sessions of NSRCT...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694714/sensitivity-specificity-predictive-values-and-accuracy-of-three-diagnostic-tests-to-predict-inferior-alveolar-nerve-blockade-failure-in-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis
#8
Daniel Chavarría-Bolaños, Laura Rodríguez-Wong, Danny Noguera-González, Vicente Esparza-Villalpando, Mauricio Montero-Aguilar, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
INTRODUCTION: The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) is the most common anesthetic technique used on mandibular teeth during root canal treatment. Its success in the presence of preoperative inflammation is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and accuracy of three diagnostic tests used to predict IANB failure in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis (SIP). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the mandibular molars of 53 patients with SIP...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693407/patterns-of-drugs-prescribed-for-dental-outpatients-in-nigeria-findings-and-implications
#9
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Obitade S Obimakinde, Abayomi O Sijuade, Jide M Afolayan, Adeyinka A Adeleke, Brian Godman, Damilola O Ojumu
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future interventions, particularly around antimicrobial prescribing, where there are concerns. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records of patients attending the dental clinic of a leading teaching hospital in Nigeria were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685563/allergic-contact-dermatitis-to-acrylates
#10
P Romita, C Foti, L Masciopinto, E Nettis, E Di Leo, G Calogiuri, D Bonamonte, G Angelini, G Dipalma, A Ballini, F Inchingolo
Acrylates and methacrylates are a large group of chemically reactive monomers that are polymerized into acrylic plastics. These have very broad applications in glues, coatings and various plastic materials. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by acrylates can be occupational, mainly in dentistry workers during the manufacturing and implantation of dental prosthesis, and in nail technicians during the sculpturing and application of artificial nails. The clinical manifestations vary according to the location of the contact...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673494/partial-pulpotomy-in-mature-permanent-teeth-with-clinical-signs-indicative-of-irreversible-pulpitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Nessrin A Taha, Mohammad A Khazali
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the outcome of partial pulpotomy using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) compared with calcium hydroxide (CH) in mature cariously exposed permanent molars. METHODS: Fifty permanent molar teeth with carious exposures in 50 patients >20 years old were included. Preoperative pulpal and periapical diagnosis was established based on a history of presenting pain, results of cold testing, and radiographic findings. After informed consent, the tooth was anesthetized, isolated via a dental dam, and disinfected with 5% sodium hypochlorite before caries excavation...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600966/inflammatory-cytokines-in-normal-and-irreversibly-inflamed-pulps-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Vivian Hirsch, Michael Wolgin, Aleksandr V Mitronin, Andrej M Kielbassa
OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature in regard to the inflammatory process and pulpitis. Setting forth to evaluate if differences in the levels of various cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8) can be observed in clinically diagnosed normal and irreversibly inflamed pulps that could serve as possible markers and/or diagnostic tools to predict and differentiate between certain states of inflammation. Methods used to measure and assess levels of cytokines have been limited to two protein quantification methods ELISA and/or Multiplex Array...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581920/randomized-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-mta-indirect-pulp-capping-in-deep-caries-lesions-after-24-months
#13
U Koc Vural, A Kiremitci, S Gokalp
OBJECTIVE: This clinical study aimed to assess the efficacies of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] in the treatment of deep carious lesions by the direct complete caries removal technique. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 100 permanent molar/premolar teeth were capped with either Ca(OH)2 (n=49) or MTA (n=51) and restored with composite resin in 73 patients. Periapical radiographs were acquired prior to the treatment as well as at six, 12, and 24 months posttreatment...
June 5, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560802/the-effect-of-preoperative-oral-administration-of-prednisolone-on-postoperative-pain-in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-single-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
A Elkhadem, K Ezzat, M Ramadan, S AbdelGhaffar, D Khamis, A Said, A Abdel-Mawgoud, A Mamdouh, M AbouZeid, S Amin
AIM: This single-centre randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial assessed the effect of preoperative, single, oral dose of prednisolone on postoperative pain and postoperative analgesic intake in patients with symptomatic, irreversible pulpitis in mandibular molars. METHODOLOGY: Four hundred participants, randomly assigned into two equal groups, received either 40mg prednisolone or placebo tablets 30min before single-visit root canal treatment...
May 31, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527838/pulp-inflammation-diagnosis-from-clinical-to-inflammatory-mediators-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Marjorie Zanini, Elisabeth Meyer, Stéphane Simon
INTRODUCTION: Similar to other tissues, the dental pulp mounts an inflammatory reaction as a way to eliminate pathogens and stimulate repair. Pulp inflammation is prerequisite for dentin pulp complex repair and regeneration; otherwise, chronic disease or pulp necrosis occurs. Evaluation of pulp inflammation severity is necessary to predict the clinical success of maintaining pulp vitality. Clinical limitations to evaluating in situ inflammatory status are well-described. A molecular approach that aids clinical distinction between reversible and irreversible pulpitis could improve the success rate of vital pulp therapy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513520/clinical-assessment-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-in-the-treatment-of-deep-carious-lesions
#16
U K Vural, A Kiremitçi, S Gökalp
OBJECTIVE: This clinical study aimed to assess the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) in the treatment of deep carious lesions using the direct complete caries excavation technique. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hundred permanent molars/premolars were capped either with Ca (OH)2 (n = 49) or MTA (n = 51) and restored with composite resin in 73 patients. Periapical radiographs were taken prior to the treatment, at 6 months and 12 months...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512498/treatment-outcomes-of-full-pulpotomy-as-an-alternative-to-tooth-extraction-in-molars-with-hyperplastic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-case-report
#17
Saeed Asgary, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat
Root canal therapy (RCT) is a common and successful treatment for irreversible pulpitis due to carious pulp exposure in mature permanent teeth. However, it is often an expensive procedure, may require multiple appointments, and requires a high level of training and clinical skill, specifically in molars. Uninsured patients, low-income patients, and patients with limited access to specialist care often elect for extraction of restorable teeth with irreversible pulpitis. There is a need for an alternative affordable treatment option to preserve their teeth and maintain chewing function...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509506/anti-inflammatory-and-regenerative-effects-of-albanian-propolis-in-experimental-vital-amputations
#18
Aida Meto, Agron Meto, Bora Bimbari, Kastriot Shytaj, Mutlu Özcan
This study evaluated the effects of Albanian propolis on the inflamed pulpal tissue after pulpotomy in piglets. In five piglets, two teeth each were infected using special pathogenic microbial flora that was prepared in advance in order to cause inflammation of the pulp. Pulpotomy was performed in the maxillary and mandibular central and lateral incisors. Microbial flora pathogenesis prepared from the section of infected teeth, containing Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus viridans, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus albus and mixed flora were used to cause artificial pulpitis...
September 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503480/intraoperative-discomfort-associated-with-the-use-of-a-rotary-or-reciprocating-system-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Aline Cristine Gomes, Adriana Jesus Soares, Erick M Souza, Alexandre Augusto Zaia, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized, controlled, prospective clinical study was to evaluate patients' intraoperative discomfort during root canal preparations in which either multi-file rotary (Mtwo) or single-file reciprocating (Reciproc) systems were used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five adult patients, aged between 25 and 69 years old, with irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis participated in this study. Either the mesiobuccal or the distobuccal canals for maxillary molars and either the mesiobuccal or the mesiolingual canals for mandibular molars were randomly chosen to be instrumented with Mtwo multi-file rotary or Reciproc single-file reciprocating systems...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501071/in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-articaine-is-3-6-times-more-efficacious-than-lidocaine-in-achieving-anesthetic-success-when-used-for-supplementary-infiltration-after-mandibular-block-anesthesia
#20
Mathilde C Peters, Tatiana M Botero
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Does articaine provide an advantage over lidocaine in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Kung J, McDonagh M, Sedgley CM. J Endod 2015; 41(11):1784-94. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The study was supported by the OHSU Department of Endodontology Les Morgan Endowment Fund and a resident research grant from the American Association of Endodontists Foundation TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
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