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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340509/liver-transplant-lt-recipients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-nash-have-lower-risk-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hcc
#1
Sara M Lewin, Neil Mehta, R Kate Kelley, John P Roberts, Francis Y Yao, Danielle Brandman
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is a well-established treatment for HCC in carefully selected patients. Risk factors for tumors with poor prognostic features on explant have not been well described in a national cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of adult LT recipients with HCC transplanted from 4/8/12 (when explant pathology in UNOS became available) until 9/30/2014. We evaluated the association between listing diagnosis and other demographic factors with tumor features on explant using logistic regression...
March 24, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331563/%C3%A2-evaluation-of-serum-hbv-viral-load-transaminases-and-histological-features-in-chronic-hbeag-negative-hepatitis-b-patients
#2
Abbas Esmaeelzadeh, Hassan Saadatnia, Bahram Memar, Elham Mokhtari Amirmajdi, Azita Ganji, Ladan Goshayeshi, Zahra Meshkat, Alireza Pasdar, Hassan Vosoughinia, Mohammadreza Farzanehfar, Shahrzad Tehranian, Kamran Ghaffarzadehgan, Farnood Rajabzadeh, Mitra Ahadi
AIM: To evaluate the association between biochemical, virologic and histologic features in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB). BACKGROUND: Hepatitis-B e-antigen (HBeAg)-negative is common in Iran, is progressive with poor prognosis. Therefore, it seems necessary to perform a comprehensive evaluation of different spectrum of laboratory measurements accompanying histological findings. METHODS: HBeAg- negative CHB patients referring to two university hospitals during two years were enrolled...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316226/-basic-characteristics-and-survival-analysis-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
C T Guan, H Zhao, X Q Li, C X Qu, J Q Cai, W W Wei, Y L Qiao
Objective: To analyze the basic characteristics of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and further explore the major factors affecting the prognosis of HCC patients. Methods: A total of 800 HCC patients were randomly selected from the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Their clinical and follow-up information was obtained from medical record. Univariate analysis of variance, Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze the patients' age at diagnosis and survival time, etc...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306597/diagnosis-of-viral-hepatitis
#4
Philippa J Easterbrook, Teri Roberts, Anita Sands, Rosanna Peeling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and HIV-HBV and HCV coinfection are major causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Testing and diagnosis is the gateway for access to both treatment and prevention services, but there remains a large burden of undiagnosed infection globally. We review the global epidemiology, key challenges in the current hepatitis testing response, new tools to support the hepatitis global response (2016-2020 Global Hepatitis Health Sector strategy, and 2017 WHO guidelines on hepatitis testing and their key recommendations) and future directions and innovations in hepatitis diagnostics...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294511/ugt1a-polymorphisms-as-genetic-biomarkers-for-hcc-risk-in-caucasian-population
#5
Elena De Mattia, Erika Cecchin, Jerry Polesel, Francesco Lupo, Claudio Tiribelli, Marina Crovatto, Angela Buonadonna, Giuseppe Toffoli
BACKGROUND&AIMS: The definition of new biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk, especially in high-risk HBV/HCV-positive population, is urgently needed to improve HCC clinical management. This study focused on variants of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A (UGT1A) enzymes, that catalyse the reaction of glucuronidation, one of the most important chemical defence pathway of the body. Aim of the study was to elucidate the contribution of UGT1A polymorphisms in predicting HCC susceptibility in Caucasians...
March 12, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267620/cancer-associated-circulating-large-extracellular-vesicles-in-cholangiocarcinoma-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Henrike Julich-Haertel, Sabine K Urban, Marcin Krawczyk, Arnulf Willms, Krzysztof Jankowski, Waldemar Patkowski, Beata Kruk, Maciej Krasnodębski, Joanna Ligocka, Robert Schwab, Ines Richardsen, Sebastian Schaaf, Angelina Klein, Sebastian Gehlert, Hanna Sänger, Markus Casper, Jesus M Banales, Detlef Schuppan, Piotr Milkiewicz, Frank Lammert, Marek Krawczyk, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Miroslaw Kornek
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: we previously reported that large extracellular vesicles, specifically AnnexinV(+)EpCAM(+)CD147(+) tumour-associated microparticles (taMPs), facilitate the detection of colorectal carcinoma (CRC), non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) as well as pancreas carcinoma (PaCa). Here we assess the diagnostic value of taMPs for detection and monitoring of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Specifically, we aim to differentiate liver taMPs from other cancer taMPs, such as CRC and NSCLC...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259653/deciphering-molecular-properties-and-docking-studies-of-hepatitis-c-and-non-hepatitis-c-antiviral-inhibitors-a-computational-approach
#7
Arthi Venkatesan, J Febin Prabhu Dass
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C is an infectious liver disease with high mortality rate which is caused by Hepatitis C virus. Several treatment methods have been applied to combat this deadly virus including interferons, vaccine and direct acting antivirals (DAAs). However, the later shows promising effects in HCV treatment with lower adverse effect. Specifically, the DAAs target the non-structural proteins (NS3 and NS5B). PURPOSE: The objective of the present study is to hypothesize an alternative antiviral inhibitor for HCV from the available other antivirals...
March 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250664/potential-of-cannabidiol-for-the-treatment-of-viral-hepatitis
#8
Henry I C Lowe, Ngeh J Toyang, Wayne McLaughlin
Viral hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) pose a major health problem globally and if untreated, both viruses lead to severe liver damage resulting in liver cirrhosis and cancer. While HBV has a vaccine, HCV has none at the moment. The risk of drug resistance, combined with the high cost of current therapies, makes it a necessity for cost-effective therapeutics to be discovered and developed. The recent surge in interest in Medical Cannabis has led to interest in evaluating and validating the therapeutic potentials of Cannabis and its metabolites against various diseases including viruses...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249574/reactivation-of-occult-hbv-infection-in-an-hiv-hcv-co-infected-patient-successfully-treated-with-sofosbuvir-ledipasvir-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Gabriele Fabbri, Ilaria Mastrorosa, Alessandra Vergori, Valentina Mazzotta, Carmela Pinnetti, Susanna Grisetti, Mauro Zaccarelli, Adriana Ammassari, Andrea Antinori
BACKGROUND: Reactivation of occult or inactive Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during immunosuppressant treatments is well known and widely described in literature. The same observation has been made in Hepatitis C (HCV)-infected patients previously exposed to HBV and treated with interferon-free DAA treatments. Because of common transmission routes, persons may have been exposed to HCV, HBV and HIV, but few cases have been reported in this scenario to date. Frequency of HBV reactivation in HIV/HCV co-infected patients previously exposed to HBV and treated with DAA remains unclear...
March 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231488/the-value-of-elastpq-for-the-evaluation-of-liver-stiffness-in-patients-with-b-and-c-chronic-hepatopathies
#10
Ruxandra Mare, Ioan Sporea, Raluca Lupuşoru, Roxana Şirli, Alina Popescu, Mirela Danila, Corina Pienar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a point shear wave elastography using ARFI technique - ElastPQ, in patients with B and C chronic hepatopathies, using Transient Elastography (TE) as the reference method, since it is a validated method for liver fibrosis assessment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: the study included 228 consecutive subjects with chronic hepatopathies (26% HBV, 74% HCV) from whom 51% had liver cirrhosis. Liver stiffness (LS) was evaluated in the same session by means of 2 elastographic methods: TE (FibroScan, EchoSens) and ElastPQ (Affinity, Philips) techniques...
February 9, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215541/evaluation-of-a-combinational-use-of-serum-micrornas-as-biomarkers-for-liver-diseases
#11
Ping Xu, Anliang Guo, Junchi Xu, Jianer Yao, Hui Chen, Fengping Wang, Chuanwu Zhu
Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) have been widely recognized as a novel noninvasive biomarker in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions. In order to assess the sensitivity and reliability of potential miRNAs as diagnostic markers for liver disease related to viral infection, alcohol abuse, or chemical exposure, we collected serum samples from 326 participants and evaluated the single and combination diagnostic values of three serum miRNAs (miR-122, miR-125b, miR-192) compared with a conventional marker ALT...
February 16, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196636/impact-of-schistosomiasis-on-increase-incidence-of-occult-hepatitis-b-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-in-egypt
#12
Hanan H Omar, Samaa A Taha, Wafaa H Hassan, Hamdy H Omar
Co-infection of schistosomiasis, HBV and HCV is common in countries where schistosomiasis is endemic. Occult hepatitis B occurs in patients at high risk for HBV infection (e.g., patients on hemodialysis, patients receiving blood transfusions). Schistosomal infection is a risk factor of HBV infection that can increase the incidence of occult hepatitis B. We aimed to determine the prevalence of occult hepatitis B in chronic hepatitis C patients with and without schistosomiasis and to assess the effect of schistosomal infection on the increased risk of exposure to HBV infection and to occult hepatitis B...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180193/acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-elastography-for-non%C3%A2-invasive-evaluation-of-hepatic-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Xiangdong Hu, Lanyan Qiu, Dong Liu, Linxue Qian
AIM: The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) elastography in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B and C patients through Meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four databases (PubMed, the Cochrane Library, WanFang data, and CNKI) were searched. The key words were: ("ARFI" or "acoustic radiation force impulse") combined with "liver fibrosis" and ("chronic hepatitis" or "HBV HCV"). Heterogeneity (I2) was assessed, and its source was analyzed through meta-regression...
January 31, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164598/analysis-of-biochemical-features-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infected-patients-in-southwest-china
#14
Yuzhu Song, Yunsong Shen, Wencheng Lu, Xueshan Xia, A-Mei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in China, and it is necessary to study biochemical indicators of HBV infected patients. METHODS: Biochemical and basic features of 1765 HBV infected patients and 840 general controls were collected and analyzed from Southwest China. RESULTS: A total of 23.5% of the patients were children or young persons (less than 40 years old). The co-infected rate was only 0.3% for those who were co-infected with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) or Treponema pallidum (TPa)...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164327/liver-fibrosis-diagnosis-by-blood-test-and-elastography-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-agreement-or-combination
#15
P Calès, J Boursier, J Lebigot, V de Ledinghen, C Aubé, I Hubert, F Oberti
BACKGROUND: In chronic hepatitis C, the European Association for the Study of the Liver - Asociacion Latinoamericana para el Estudio del Higado recommends performing transient elastography and a blood test to diagnose significant fibrosis; test concordance confirms diagnosis. AIM: To validate this rule and improve it by combining a blood test, FibroMeter (virus second generation, Echosens, Paris, France) and transient elastography (constitutive tests) into a single combined test, as suggested by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America...
February 6, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108987/activation-of-sirt1-by-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-exerts-a-therapeutic-effect-on-hepatic-injury-and-inflammation
#16
Caroline Steinmetz, Anubha Kashyap, Nataliya Zhivkova, Henry Alizor, Isabell Ernst, Daniela Gottfried-Brand, Henning Janssen, Andreas Teufel, Henning Schulze-Bergkamen, Johannes Lotz, Jürgen Kuball, Matthias Theobald, Michael Heise, Hauke Lang, Peter R Galle, Dennis Strand, Susanne Strand
The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory liver diseases has increased over the last years but therapeutic options are limited. Pregnancy induces a state of immune tolerance, which can result in spontaneous improvement of clinical symptoms of certain autoimmune diseases including autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). We investigated the immune suppressive mechanisms of the human pregnancy hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the liver. HCG signaling activates SIRT1, which deacetylates FOXO3a, leading to repression of pro-apoptotic gene expression...
January 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108675/paired-assessment-of-liver-telomere-lengths-in-hepatocellular-cancer-is-a-reliable-predictor-of-disease-persistence
#17
Wen-Du du Feng, De-Cai Cai Yu, Xian-Biao Biao Shi, Bing-Hua Hua Li, Ou-Yang Yang Luo, Chen Yan, Yi Tao Ding
In the present study, we used a small series of highly defined patients, where we had matched timed peripheral blood samples, as well as paired liver biopsies obtained during collection of blood samples from patients with diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and compared the correlation between the changes of telomere lengths in these defined samples. Patients included had either HCC alone or in conjunction with either pre-existing hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. PCR-based assay incorporating primers to the telomeric hexamer repeats to polymerize and detect telomeric DNA was used...
January 20, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100410/comp-serum-levels-a-new-non-invasive-biomarker-of-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-viral-hepatitis
#18
Kalliopi Zachou, Stella Gabeta, Zakera Shums, Nikolaos K Gatselis, George K Koukoulis, Gary L Norman, George N Dalekos
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recently we have shown that cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), a fibrillar collagen assembly regulator, is strongly associated with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma progression. Therefore, we assessed whether serum COMP levels can be used as a non-invasive fibrosis marker in patients with chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) and compared this marker with standard methods for disease stage assessment [histology, transient elastography (TE), APRI, FIB-4]. METHODS: Sera from 116 CVH patients, 66 HBV [24 female; median age 53(22-76)] and 50 HCV [21 female; median age 48...
January 15, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096056/common-issues-in-the-management-of-patients-in-the-waiting-list-and-after-liver-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Patrizia Burra, Luca Saverio Belli, Stefano Ginanni Corradini, Riccardo Volpes, Marco Marzioni, Edoardo Giannini, Pierluigi Toniutto
The present document contains the recommendations of an expert panel of transplant hepatologists, appointed by the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (AISF), on how to manage the most common aspects of liver transplantation: the topics covered include: new treatments for HCV in patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation; antiviral treatments in patients with HCV recurrence after liver transplantation; prophylaxis for HBV recurrence after liver transplantation; indications for liver transplantation in alcoholic liver disease; and Immunosuppressive therapy...
December 31, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075394/coffee-intake-is-associated-with-a-lower-liver-stiffness-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-hepatitis-c-and-hepatitis-b
#20
Alexander Hodge, Sarah Lim, Evan Goh, Ophelia Wong, Philip Marsh, Virginia Knight, William Sievert, Barbora de Courten
There is emerging evidence for the positive effects or benefits of coffee in patients with liver disease. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study on patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection to determine the effects of coffee intake on a non-invasive marker of liver fibrosis: liver stiffness assessed by transient elastography (TE). We assessed coffee and tea intake and measured TE in 1018 patients with NAFLD, HCV, and HBV (155 with NAFLD, 378 with HCV and 485 with HBV)...
January 10, 2017: Nutrients
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