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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754403/label-free-differential-proteomics-and-quantification-of-exoenzymes-from-isolates-of-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana
#1
Giuseppe Dionisio, Per Kryger, Tove Steenberg
Beauveria bassiana is an entomopathogenic fungus that grows both in vivo and in vitro. In vivo it can colonize live insect hosts, and tissue digestion occurs by secreted hydrolytic exoenzymes. It can also colonize dead insect tissue provided this is free from competing microorganisms. Depending on whether the host is alive or dead the expression (quality/quantity) of the exoenzymes may vary. We have grown several isolates of B. bassiana in shaking flasks for 120 h at 25 °C in order to evaluate the maximal exoenzyme production using two diet regimes...
October 14, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693371/jak-stat-signaling-pathway-mediated-immune-response-in-silkworm-bombyx-mori-challenged-by-beauveria-bassiana
#2
Tao Geng, Ding-Ding Lv, Yu-Xia Huang, Cheng-Xiang Hou, Guang-Xing Qin, Xi-Jie Guo
Innate immunity was critical in insects defensive system and able to be induced by Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription cascade transduction (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway. Currently, it had been identified many JAK/STAT signaling pathway-related genes in silkworm, but little function was known on insect innate immunity. To explore the roles of JAK/STAT pathway in antifungal immune response in silkworm (Bombyx mori) against Beauveria bassiana infection, the expression patterns of B. mori C-type lectin 5 (BmCTL5) and genes encoding 6 components of JAK/STAT signaling pathway in silkworm challenged by B...
December 20, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448694/coevolution-of-parasitic-fungi-and-insect-hosts
#3
REVIEW
Gerrit Joop, Andreas Vilcinskas
Parasitic fungi and their insect hosts provide an intriguing model system for dissecting the complex co-evolutionary processes, which result in Red Queen dynamics. To explore the genetic basis behind host-parasite coevolution we chose two parasitic fungi (Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae, representing the most important entomopathogenic fungi used in the biological control of pest or vector insects) and two established insect model hosts (the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella and the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum) for which sequenced genomes or comprehensive transcriptomes are available...
August 2016: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043942/genome-wide-host-pathogen-interaction-unveiled-by-transcriptomic-response-of-diamondback-moth-to-fungal-infection
#4
Zhen-Jian Chu, Yu-Jun Wang, Sheng-Hua Ying, Xiao-Wei Wang, Ming-Guang Feng
Genome-wide insight into insect pest response to the infection of Beauveria bassiana (fungal insect pathogen) is critical for genetic improvement of fungal insecticides but has been poorly explored. We constructed three pairs of transcriptomes of Plutella xylostella larvae at 24, 36 and 48 hours post treatment of infection (hptI) and of control (hptC) for insight into the host-pathogen interaction at genomic level. There were 2143, 3200 and 2967 host genes differentially expressed at 24, 36 and 48 hptI/hptC respectively...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26496616/antagonism-of-entomopathogenic-fungi-by-bacillus-spp-associated-with-the-integument-of-cicadellids-and-delphacids
#5
Andrea Toledo, Silvina López, Mónica Aulicino, Ana María de Remes-Lenicov, Pedro Balatti
Entomopathogenic fungi are potential tools to biocontrol cicadellids and delphacids, two groups of insects that cause extensive damage to agricultural crops. However, bacteria living on the host cuticle may inhibit fungal growth. In the present work, following the molecular characterization of 10 strains of Bacillus isolated from the integument of cicadellids and delphacids, we selected isolates of the fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae that are resistant to the antimicrobials secreted by these bacterial strains...
June 2015: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321153/the-fungistatic-and-fungicidal-effects-of-volatiles-from-metathoracic-glands-of-soybean-attacking-stink-bugs-heteroptera-pentatomidae-on-the-entomopathogen-beauveria-bassiana
#6
Rogério B Lopes, Raul A Laumann, Maria C Blassioli-Moraes, Miguel Borges, Marcos Faria
This study was initially designed to evaluate the differential susceptibility of three soybean-attacking pentatomids to the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana in standardized bioassays. Euschistus heros (Eh) was shown to be significantly less susceptible than Chinavia ubica (Cu), whereas Dichelops melacanthus (Dm) adults were highly susceptible to fungal infections. A deeper look at the mechanisms involved in the possible role of volatiles from metathoracic glands on fungal infections was undertaken, and gland extracts from Nezara viridula (Nv), a species known for its resilience to fungal infections, were also included in the assays...
November 2015: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26056261/tenebrionid-secretions-and-a-fungal-benzoquinone-oxidoreductase-form-competing-components-of-an-arms-race-between-a-host-and-pathogen
#7
Nicolás Pedrini, Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza, Carla Huarte-Bonnet, Yanhua Fan, M Patricia Juárez, Nemat O Keyhani
Entomopathogenic fungi and their insect hosts represent a model system for examining invertebrate-pathogen coevolutionary selection processes. Here we report the characterization of competing components of an arms race consisting of insect protective antimicrobial compounds and evolving fungal mechanisms of detoxification. The insect pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana has a remarkably wide host range; however, some insects are resistant to fungal infection. Among resistant insects is the tenebrionid beetle Tribolium castaneum that produces benzoquinone-containing defensive secretions...
July 14, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25912088/assessing-gene-expression-during-pathogenesis-use-of-qrt-pcr-to-follow-toxin-production-in-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana-during-infection-and-immune-response-of-the-insect-host-triatoma-infestans
#8
Luciana S Lobo, Christian Luz, Éverton K K Fernandes, M Patricia Juárez, Nicolás Pedrini
Entomopathogenic fungi secrete toxic secondary metabolites during the invasion of the insect hemocoel as part of the infection process. Although these compounds have been frequently mentioned as virulence factors, the roles of many of them remain poorly understood, including the question of whether they are expressed during the infection process. A major hurdle to this issue remains the low sensitivity of biochemical detection techniques (e.g., HPLC) within the complex samples that may contain trace quantities of fungal molecules inside the insect...
June 2015: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25453359/til-type-protease-inhibitors-may-be-used-as-targeted-resistance-factors-to-enhance-silkworm-defenses-against-invasive-fungi
#9
Youshan Li, Ping Zhao, Huawei Liu, Xiaomeng Guo, Huawei He, Rui Zhu, Zhonghuai Xiang, Qingyou Xia
Entomopathogenic fungi penetrate the insect cuticle using their abundant hydrolases. These hydrolases, which include cuticle-degrading proteases and chitinases, are important virulence factors. Our recent findings suggest that many serine protease inhibitors, especially TIL-type protease inhibitors, are involved in insect resistance to pathogenic microorganisms. To clarify the molecular mechanism underlying this resistance to entomopathogenic fungi and identify novel genes to improve the silkworm antifungal capacity, we conducted an in-depth study of serine protease inhibitors...
February 2015: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25429897/production-of-antibacterial-bombyx-mori-cecropin-a-in-mealworm-pathogenic-beauveria-bassiana-erl1170
#10
Se Jin Lee, Jeong Seon Yu, Bruce L Parker, Margaret Skinner, Yeon Ho Je, Jae Su Kim
Efforts are underway to produce antimicrobial peptides in yellow mealworms (Tenebrio molitor), which can be developed as more effective and safer animal feed additives. In this work, we expressed Bombyx mori (Bm) cecropin-A in mealworms by the infection of transformed entomopathogenic Beauveria bassiana ERL1170. The active domain of Bm cecropin A gene was tagged with a signal sequence of B. bassiana for extracellular secretion, and the fragment was inserted into ERL1170 by the restriction enzyme-mediated integration method...
January 2015: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25368323/functional-analysis-of-insect-molting-fluid-proteins-on-the-protection-and-regulation-of-ecdysis
#11
Jie Zhang, Anrui Lu, Lulu Kong, Qiaoli Zhang, Erjun Ling
Molting fluid accumulates between the old and new cuticles during periodical ecdysis in Ecdysozoa. Natural defects in insect ecdysis are frequently associated with melanization (an immunity response) occurring primarily in molting fluids, suggesting that molting fluid may impact immunity as well as affect ecdysis. To address this hypothesis, proteomic analysis of molting fluids from Bombyx mori during three different types of ecdysis was performed. Many proteins were newly identified, including immunity-related proteins, in each molting fluid...
December 26, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25194143/a-putative-methyltransferase-mtra-contributes-to-development-spore-viability-protein-secretion-and-virulence-in-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana
#12
Yuqi Qin, Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza, Nemat O Keyhani
The filamentous fungus, Beauveria bassiana, is a ubiquitously distributed insect pathogen, currently used as an alternative to chemical pesticides for pest control. Conidiospores are the means by which the fungus disseminates in the environment, and these cells also represent the infectious agent most commonly used in field applications. Little, however, is known concerning the molecular basis for maintenance of spore viability, a critical feature for survival and persistence. Here, we report on the role of a putative methyltransferase, BbmtrA, in conidial viability, normal fungal growth and development, and virulence, via characterization of a targeted gene knockout strain...
November 2014: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25016341/bbsnf1-contributes-to-cell-differentiation-extracellular-acidification-and-virulence-in-beauveria-bassiana-a-filamentous-entomopathogenic-fungus
#13
Xiu-Xiu Wang, Pu-Hong He, Ming-Guang Feng, Sheng-Hua Ying
SNF1/AMPK protein kinase plays important roles in fungal development and activation of catabolite-repressed genes. In this study, we characterized the role of the Beauveria bassiana SNF1 ortholog. The vegetative growth of the ΔBbSNF1 mutant was reduced by 16 to 50 % on diverse carbon/nitrogen sources. Transcriptional analysis revealed a collection of proteases and chitinases that were not induced when the mutant was grown on complex carbon/nitrogen sources. BbSNF1 also contributes to extracellular acidification...
October 2014: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24320078/ablation-of-the-crea-regulator-results-in-amino-acid-toxicity-temperature-sensitivity-pleiotropic-effects-on-cellular-development-and-loss-of-virulence-in-the-filamentous-fungus-beauveria-bassiana
#14
Zhibing Luo, Yuqi Qin, Yan Pei, Nemat O Keyhani
For most organisms, carbon and nitrogen uptake are essential for growth, development and, where applicable, pathogenesis. The role of the carbon catabolite repressor transcription factor homologue BbcreA in the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana was investigated. Deletion of BbcreA resulted in pleiotropic effects, including nutrient toxicity, leading to a novel cell lytic phenotype. Fungal growth in rich media and minimal media containing select amino acids/peptides was severely compromised, with microscopic examination revealing conidial-base germ tube degeneration and cell lysis occurring during growth, a phenomenon exacerbated at higher temperatures (32°C)...
April 2014: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24137288/evaluation-of-eye-irritation-by-s-10-11-dihydroxyfarnesic-acid-methyl-ester-secreted-by-beauveria-bassiana-cs1029
#15
Hyeong-U Son, Sang-Han Lee
The aim of this study was to investigate whether S-(-)-10,11-dihydroxyfarnesic acid methyl ester produced by cell subtype Beauveria bassiana CS1029 causes acute toxicity when used for cosmetic purposes by performing an eye irritation test. New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits were treated with a 100 mg/dose of S-(-)-10,11-dihydroxyfarnesic acid methyl ester according to standard procedure guidelines. No significant changes in terms of ocular lesions of the cornea, turbidity of the cornea, swelling of the eyelid or ocular discharge were observed in the methyl ester-treated groups, while sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate, a positive control, caused severe toxicity...
October 2013: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24031220/cuticle-degrading-proteases-produced-by-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana-in-the-presence-of-coffee-berry-borer-cuticle
#16
B A Dias, P M O J Neves, L Furlaneto-Maia, M C Furlaneto
A Brazilian isolate of Beauveria bassiana (CG425) that shows high virulence against the coffee berry borer (CBB) was examined for the production of subtilisin-like (Pr1) and trypsin-like (Pr2) cuticle-degrading proteases. Fungal growth was either in nitrate-medium or in CBB cuticle-containing medium under both buffered and unbuffered conditions. In unbuffered medium supplemented with cuticle, the pH of cultures dropped and Pr1 and Pr2 activities were detected in high amounts only at a pH of 5.5 or higher. In buffered cultures, Pr1 and Pr2 activities were higher in medium supplemented with cuticle compared to activities with nitrate-medium...
April 2008: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23957148/-use-of-entomopathogenic-fungi-to-degrade-wax-secreted-by-ceroplastes-japonicus
#17
Zhijuan Zhang, Yingping Xie, Jiaoliang Xue, Jinhua Fan
OBJECTIVE: We used entomopathogenic fungi to degrade insect wax. METHODS: We used four fungal strains, Lecanicilliurn lecanii V3. 4504, V3. 4505, Beauveria bassiana FDB01, and Metarhizium anisopliae TSL06. Wax coverings of female adults of Ceroplastes japonicus Green (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccoidea) were used as the sole carbon source in the mineral medium. RESULTS: All of the 4 strains could grow, reproduce, produce enzymes, and degrade wax...
May 4, 2013: Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, Acta Microbiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23861870/analysis-of-whitefly-transcriptional-responses-to-beauveria-bassiana-infection-reveals-new-insights-into-insect-fungus-interactions
#18
Jun Xia, Chang-Rong Zhang, Shan Zhang, Fang-Fang Li, Ming-Guang Feng, Xiao-Wei Wang, Shu-Sheng Liu
BACKGROUND: The fungal pathogen, Beauveria bassiana, is an efficient biocontrol agent against a variety of agricultural pests. A thorough understanding of the basic principles of insect-fungus interactions may enable the genetic modification of Beauveria bassiana to enhance its virulence. However, the molecular mechanism of insect response to Beauveria bassiana infection is poorly understood, let alone the identification of fungal virulent factors involved in pathogenesis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, next generation sequencing technology was applied to examine the expression of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) genes in response to the infection of Beauveria bassiana...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23399420/in-vitro-anti-allergic-activity-of-the-fungal-metabolite-pyridovericin
#19
Marcela de Souza Santos, Willian Jonis Andrioli, Maria Perpétua Freire de Morais Del Lama, Jairo Kenupp Bastos, N P Dhammika Nanayakkara, Rose Mary Zumstein Georgetto Naal
Mast cells play a critical role during the development of an allergic response. Upon activation by an antigen and IgE, via FcεRI receptors, mast cells release histamine and other mediators that initiate and propagate immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Mast cells also secrete cytokines that regulate the immune responses. In this way, inhibitors of mast cell activity could work as promising therapeutics for allergic disorders. In the present work, we investigated the capacity of pyridovericin, a natural product isolated from the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana, to inhibit mast cell degranulation and cytokine secretion...
March 2013: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22891860/catalases-play-differentiated-roles-in-the-adaptation-of-a-fungal-entomopathogen-to-environmental-stresses
#20
Zheng-Liang Wang, Long-Bin Zhang, Sheng-Hua Ying, Ming-Guang Feng
The catalase family of Beauveria bassiana (fungal entomopathogen) consists of catA (spore-specific), catB (secreted), catP (peroxisomal), catC (cytoplasmic) and catD (secreted peroxidase/catalase), which were distinguished in phylogeny and structure and functionally characterized by constructing single-gene disrupted and rescued mutants for enzymatic and multi-phenotypic analyses. Total catalase activity decreased 89% and 56% in ΔcatB and ΔcatP, corresponding to the losses of upper and lower active bands gel-profiled for all catalases respectively, but only 9-12% in other knockout mutants...
February 2013: Environmental Microbiology
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