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fungal secreted protein

Yoshitake Orikasa, Yuji Oda, Takuji Ohwada
Rhizopus microsporus NBRC 32995 was found to hydrolyze fructooligosaccharides (FOS), as well as sucrose, almost completely into monosaccharides through the production of sufficient amounts of organic acids, indicating that the complete hydrolysis of FOS was caused by the secretion of β-fructofuranosidase from fungal cells. Thus, the sucA gene, encoding a β-fructofuranosidase, was amplified by degenerate PCR, and its complete nucleotide sequence was determined. The total length of the sucA gene was 1590 bp, and the SucA protein of R...
March 13, 2018: Microorganisms
Javier Viña-Gonzalez, Katarina Elbl, Xavier Ponte, Francisco Valero, Miguel Alcalde
Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO) plays a fundamental role in the fungal ligninolytic secretome, acting as a supplier of H2 O2 . Despite its highly selective mechanism of action, the presence of this flavooxidase in different biotechnological settings has hitherto been hampered by the lack of appropriate heterologous expression systems. We recently described the functional expression of the AAO from Pleurotus eryngii in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by fusing a chimeric signal peptide (preαproK) and applying structure-guided evolution...
March 13, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Daria Feldman, David J Kowbel, N Louise Glass, Oded Yarden, Yitzhak Hadar
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yusuke Sone, Shuto Nakamura, Makoto Sasaki, Fumihito Hasebe, Seung-Young Kim, Nobutaka Funa
1,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene (1,8-DHN) is a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of DHN melanin, which is specific to fungi. In this study, we characterized the enzymatic properties of the gene products of an operon consisting of soceCHS1 , bdsA , and bdsB from the gram-negative bacterium, Sorangium cellulosum Heterologous expression of soceCHS1 , bdsA , and bdsB in Streptomyces coelicolor caused secretion of a dark-brown pigment into the broth. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of the broth revealed that the recombinant strain produced 1,8-DHN, indicating that the operon encoded a novel enzymatic system for the synthesis of 1,8-DHN...
March 2, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Paradorn Muangnil, Saravut Satitsri, Kwanruthai Tadpetch, Patchreenart Saparpakorn, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Supa Hannongbua, Vatcharin Rukachaisirikul, Chatchai Muanprasat
Overstimulation of CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion plays an important role in the pathogenesis of secretory diarrheas, which remain an important global health problem. This study aimed to identify inhibitors of CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion from a library of fungus-derived compounds and to evaluate their pharmacological properties and anti-diarrheal utility. We identified zearalenone, 7'-dehydrozearalenone and 8'-hydroxyzearalenone isolated from the seagrass-derived fungus Fusarium sp. PSU-ES123 as inhibitors of CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion in human intestinal epithelial (T84) cells...
February 20, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Abdulsamie Hanano, Mari Alkara, Ibrahem Almousally, Mouhnad Shaban, Farzana Rahman, Mehedi Hassan, Denis J Murphy
Aflatoxins (AF) are highly detrimental to human and animal health. We recently demonstrated that the Aspergillus flavus caleosin, AfPXG, had peroxygenase activity and mediated fungal development and AF accumulation. We now report the characterization of an AfPXG -deficient line using reference strain NRRL3357. The resulting fungal phenotype included a severe decrease in mycelium growth, failure to sporulate, and reduced AF production. Increasing cellular oxidative status by administration of hydrogen peroxide and cumene hydroperoxide did not restore the AfPXG -deficient phenotype, which suggests that AfPXG -deficiency is not directly related to oxidative stress...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Eman M Khalaf, Manish N Raizada
The cucurbit vegetables, including cucumbers, melons and pumpkins, have been cultivated for thousands of years without fungicides. However, their seed germination stage is prone to be infected by soil-borne fungal and oomycete pathogens. Endophytes are symbionts that reside inside plant tissues including seeds. Seed endophytes are founders of the juvenile plant microbiome and can promote host defense at seed germination and later stages. We previously isolated 169 bacterial endophytes associated with seeds of diverse cultivated cucurbits...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sawsan Amara, Thomas Perrot, David Navarro, Aurélie Deroy, Amine Benkhelfallah, Amani Chalak, Marianne Daou, Didier Chevret, Craig B Faulds, Jean Guy Berrin, Mélanie Morel-Rouhier, Eric Gelhaye, Eric Record
Trametes versicolor is a wood inhabiting Agaricomycete known for its ability to cause strong white rot decay on hardwood and for its high tolerance toward phenolic compounds. The goal of the present work was to give insights on the molecular biology and biochemistry of heme-including class-II and dye-decolorizing peroxidases secreted from this fungus. Proteomic analysis of the secretome of T. versicolor BRFM1218 grown on oak wood revealed a set of 200 secreted proteins among which were a dye-decolorizing peroxidase Tv DyP1 and a versatile peroxidase Tv VP2...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Brian D Rutter, Roger W Innes
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are lipid compartments capable of trafficking proteins, lipids, RNA and metabolites between cells. Plant cells have been shown to secrete EVs during immune responses, but virtually nothing is known about their formation, contents or ultimate function. Recently developed methods for isolating plant EVs have revealed that these EVs are enriched in stress response proteins and signaling lipids, and appear to display antifungal activity. Comparison to work on animal EVs, and the observation that host-derived small interfering RNAs and microRNAs can silence fungal genes, suggests that plant EVs may also mediate trans-kingdom RNA interference...
February 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
L García-Calvo, R V Ullán, M Fernández-Aguado, A M García-Lino, R Balaña-Fouce, C Barreiro
Lignocellulosic plant biomass is the most abundant carbon source in the planet, which makes it a potential substrate for biorefinery. It consists of polysaccharides and other molecules with applications in pharmaceutical, food and feed, cosmetics, paper and textile industries. The exploitation of these resources requires the hydrolysis of the plant cell wall, which is a complex process. Aiming to discover novel fungal natural isolates with lignocellulolytic capacities, a screening for feruloyl esterase activity was performed in samples taken from different metal surfaces...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Cyrille Saintenac, Wing-Sham Lee, Florence Cambon, Jason J Rudd, Robert C King, William Marande, Stephen J Powers, Hélène Bergès, Andy L Phillips, Cristobal Uauy, Kim E Hammond-Kosack, Thierry Langin, Kostya Kanyuka
Deployment of fast-evolving disease-resistance genes is one of the most successful strategies used by plants to fend off pathogens1,2. In gene-for-gene relationships, most cloned disease-resistance genes encode intracellular nucleotide-binding leucine-rich-repeat proteins (NLRs) recognizing pathogen-secreted isolate-specific avirulence (Avr) effectors delivered to the host cytoplasm3,4. This process often triggers a localized hypersensitive response, which halts further disease development 5 . Here we report the map-based cloning of the wheat Stb6 gene and demonstrate that it encodes a conserved wall-associated receptor kinase (WAK)-like protein, which detects the presence of a matching apoplastic effector6-8 and confers pathogen resistance without a hypersensitive response 9 ...
February 12, 2018: Nature Genetics
Rahul Kumar, Sunil Kumar Yadav, Durga M Swain, Gopaljee Jha
Fungal pathogens are responsible for approximately two third of the infectious plant diseases. Historically they have been associated with several devastating famines, causing death and disabilities in humans. Mostly fungal diseases are being controlled by using fungicides which otherwise have adverse side effects on the health of consumers as well as environment. Due to extensive usages, pathogens have evolved resistance against most of the commonly used fungicides and rendered them ineffective. Controlling fungal disease in a sustainable and eco-friendly fashion remains a challenge...
December 31, 2017: Microbial Cell
Sarah Sze Wah Wong, Manjusha Rani, Eswari Dodagatta-Marri, Oumaima Ibrahim-Granet, Uday Kishore, Jagadeesh Bayry, Jean-Paul Latgé, Arvind Sahu, Taruna Madan, Vishukumar Aimanianda
Surfactant protein D (SP-D), a C-type lectin and pattern-recognition soluble factor, plays an important role in immune surveillance to detect and eliminate human pulmonary pathogens. SPD has been shown to protect against infections with the most ubiquitous airborne fungal pathogen, <em>Aspergillus fumigatus</em>, but the fungal surface component(s) interacting with SP-D is unknown. Here, we show that SP-D binds to melanin pigment on the surface of <em>A. fumigatus</em> dormant spores (conidia)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ángel Orts, Manuel Tejada, Juan Parrado, Patricia Paneque, Carlos García, Teresa Hernández, Isidoro Gómez-Parrales
In this work okara (OK), a by-product of the soy milk manufacturing, is submitted to an enzymantic hydrolysis and a fermentative process to produce different soil biostimulants (BS): EH, hydrolysate obtained by the enzymatic process; FHEB, fermentation broth with B. licheniformis and the enzymes secreted during the fermentation; FHE, fermententaion broth without bacteria and FH, the FHE hydrolysate in which enzymes were denatured. Enzymatic hydrolysates showed a different chemical composition compared with fermented hidrolysates and OK...
February 5, 2018: Environmental Technology
Gabriel Schweizer, Karin Münch, Gertrud Mannhaupt, Jan Schirawski, Regine Kahmann, Julien Y Dutheil
Plants and fungi display a broad range of interactions in natural and agricultural ecosystems ranging from symbiosis to parasitism. These ecological interactions result in coevolution between genes belonging to different partners. A well-understood example is secreted fungal effector proteins and their host targets, which play an important role in pathogenic interactions. Biotrophic smut fungi (Basidiomycota) are well-suited to investigate the evolution of plant pathogens, because several reference genomes and genetic tools are available for these species...
February 1, 2018: Genome Biology and Evolution
Jenna E Foderaro, Lois M Douglas, James B Konopka
The fungal plasma membrane is critical for cell wall synthesis and other important processes including nutrient uptake, secretion, endocytosis, morphogenesis, and response to stress. To coordinate these diverse functions, the plasma membrane is organized into specialized compartments that vary in size, stability, and composition. One recently identified domain known as the Membrane Compartment of Can1 (MCC)/eisosome is distinctive in that it corresponds to a furrow-like invagination in the plasma membrane. MCC/eisosomes have been shown to be formed by the Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain proteins Lsp1 and Pil1 in a range of fungi...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Daniel Lanver, André N Müller, Petra Happel, Gabriel Schweizer, Fabian B Haas, Marek Franitza, Clément Pellegrin, Stefanie Reissmann, Janine Altmüller, Stefan A Rensing, Regine Kahmann
The corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis is a model organism for elucidating host colonization strategies of biotrophic fungi. Here we performed an in depth transcriptional profiling of the entire plant-associated development of U. maydis wild-type strains. In our analysis we focused on fungal metabolism, nutritional strategies, secreted effectors and regulatory networks. Secreted proteins were enriched in three distinct expression modules corresponding to stages on the plant surface, establishment of biotrophy and induction of tumors...
January 25, 2018: Plant Cell
Jonathan P Richardson, Selene Mogavero, David L Moyes, Mariana Blagojevic, Thomas Krüger, Akash H Verma, Bianca M Coleman, Jacinto De La Cruz Diaz, Daniela Schulz, Nicole O Ponde, Giulia Carrano, Olaf Kniemeyer, Duncan Wilson, Oliver Bader, Simona I Enoiu, Jemima Ho, Nessim Kichik, Sarah L Gaffen, Bernhard Hube, Julian R Naglik
Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen responsible for superficial and life-threatening infections in humans. During mucosal infection, C. albicans undergoes a morphological transition from yeast to invasive filamentous hyphae that secrete candidalysin, a 31-amino-acid peptide toxin required for virulence. Candidalysin damages epithelial cell plasma membranes and stimulates the activating protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor c-Fos (via p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase [MAPK]), and the MAPK phosphatase MKP1 (via extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 [ERK1/2]-MAPK), which trigger and regulate proinflammatory cytokine responses, respectively...
January 23, 2018: MBio
Derry K Mercer, Colin S Stewart
Dermatophytes are the most common cause of superficial fungal infections (tinea infections) and are a specialized group of filamentous fungi capable of infecting and degrading keratinised tissues, including skin, hair, and nail. Essential to their pathogenicity and virulence is the production of a broad spectrum of proteolytic enzymes and other key proteins involved in keratin biodegradation and utilization of its breakdown products. The initial stage of biodegradation of native keratin is considered to be sulfitolysis, in which the extensive disulfide bridges present in keratin are hydrolyzed, although some secreted subtilisins can degrade dye-impregnated keratin azure without prior reduction (Sub3 and Sub4)...
January 17, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Guiqiu Zhao, Ming Hu, Cui Li, Jieun Lee, Kelan Yuan, Guoqiang Zhu, Chengye Che
Fungal keratitis is a major cause of corneal ulcers, resulting in significant visual impairment and blindness. A phosphorylated glycoprotein secreted by immunocompetent cells, osteopontin (OPN) mediates cluster formation of the host fungal receptors and enhances the phagocytosis and clearance of pathogenic fungi. However, whether OPN production and function occurs in fungal keratitis is unknown. OPN expression in Aspergillus fumigatus keratitis patient corneas was assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence...
January 23, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
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