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chia seeds and omega-3 fatty acids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882891/a-comparative-mass-spectrometric-study-of-fatty-acids-and-metals-in-some-seed-extracts
#1
Sonia Niculina Suvar, R Bleiziffer, P Podea, A Iordache, C Voica, R Zgavarogea, M Culea
A major cause of cardiovascular diseases and cancer is diet content, so the optimization of micronutrients in food is very important. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation for patients had beneficial effects on subjective global assessment score and metabolic profiles. Fatty acids content and the metal ions in different seeds (e.g. linseed, poppy, grape, hemp, nuts, pumpkin, sesame, watermelon, chia) recommended as food supplements, purchased on the Romanian market, were compared. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used as an excellent technique for fatty acids identification and quantitation, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) for analytical measurements of metals...
2016: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647503/fatty-acids-characterization-oxidative-perspectives-and-consumer-acceptability-of-oil-extracted-from-pre-treated-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-seeds
#2
Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Faisal Manzoor, Amna Javed, Zafar Ali, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtar, Muhammad Ali, Yasir Hussain
BACKGROUND: Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds have been described as a good source of lipids, protein, dietary fiber, polyphenolic compounds and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The consumption of chia seed oil helps to improve biological markers related to metabolic syndrome diseases. The oil yield and fatty acids composition of chia oil is affected by several factors such as pre-treatment method and size reduction practices. Therefore, the main mandate of present investigate was to study the effect of different seed pre-treatments on yield, fatty acids composition and sensory acceptability of chia oil at different storage intervals and conditions...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413203/nutritional-and-therapeutic-perspectives-of-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Rahman Ullah, M Nadeem, A Khalique, M Imran, S Mehmood, A Javid, J Hussain
The ancient grain is becoming enormously popular in modern food regimen in many countries; the higher proportion of α-linolenic acid makes chia the superb source of omega-3 fatty (about 65 % of the oil content). Omega-3 fatty acid has been associated with a large number of physiological functions in human body. Chia seed is a potential source of antioxidants with the presence of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol which are believed to have cardiac, hepatic protective effects, anti-ageing and anti-carcinogenic characteristics...
April 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352915/food-combination-based-on-a-prehispanic-mexican-diet-decreases-metabolic-and-cognitive-abnormalities-and-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-caused-by-a-sucrose-enriched-high-fat-diet-in-rats
#4
Avila-Nava Azalia, Noriega Lg, Tovar Ar, Granados O, Perez-Cruz C, Pedraza-Chaverri José, Torres Nimbe
SCOPE: There is few information about the possible health effects of a food combination based on a prehispanic Mexican diet (PMD). This diet rich in fiber, polyphenols, a healthy ratio of omega 6/omega 3 fatty acids, and vegetable protein could improve carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, gut microbiota and cognitive function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of a PMD in a sucrose enriched high-fat model. The PMD contains corn, beans, tomato, nopal, chia and pumpkin seeds in dehydrated form...
June 29, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136019/effects-of-flaxseed-and-chia-seed-on-ruminal-fermentation-nutrient-digestibility-and-long-chain-fatty-acid-flow-in-a-dual-flow-continuous-culture-system
#5
L G Silva, J Bunkers, E M Paula, T Shenkoru, Y Yeh, B Amorati, D Holcombe, A P Faciola
Flaxseed (FS) and chia seed (CS) are oilseeds rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which may change meat and milk composition when added to ruminants' diets and may have health benefits for humans. Literature on the effects of CS supplementation on ruminal metabolism is nonexistent. A dual-flow continuous culture fermenter system consisting of 6 fermenters was used to assess the effect of FS and CS supplementation in an alfalfa hay-based diet on ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility, microbial protein synthesis, and long-chain fatty acid flow...
April 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26469777/sex-specific-effects-of-diets-high-in-unsaturated-fatty-acids-on-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-guinea-pigs
#6
Matthias Nemeth, Eva Millesi, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Bernard Wallner
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), including omega-3, omega-6 polyunsaturated and omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids, are essential components and modulators of neuromembranes and may affect various aspects of physiology and cognition. UFAs are suggested to positively affect spatial learning and memory and also to diminish the negative consequences of physiological stress on cognitive abilities. Due to pronounced sex differences in neurophysiological functions, we hypothesize that these UFA-related effects might differ between male and female individuals...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25875809/exploring-triacylglycerol-biosynthetic-pathway-in-developing-seeds-of-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-a-transcriptomic-approach
#7
Sreedhar R V, Priya Kumari, Sunny D Rupwate, Ram Rajasekharan, Malathi Srinivasan
Chia (Salvia hispanica L.), a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae), is a rediscovered crop with great importance in health and nutrition and is also the highest known terrestrial plant source of heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acid, alpha linolenic acid (ALA). At present, there is no public genomic information or database available for this crop, hindering research on its genetic improvement through genomics-assisted breeding programs. The first comprehensive analysis of the global transcriptome profile of developing Salvia hispanica L...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25557903/omega-3-fatty-acid-profile-of-eggs-from-laying-hens-fed-diets-supplemented-with-chia-fish-oil-and-flaxseed
#8
Ranil Coorey, Agnes Novinda, Hannah Williams, Vijay Jayasena
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of diets supplemented with fish oil, flaxseed, and chia seed on the omega-3 fatty acid composition and sensory properties of hens' eggs. No significant difference in yolk fat content was found between treatments. The fatty acid composition of egg yolk was significantly affected by the dietary treatments. Inclusion of chia at 300 g/kg into the diet produced eggs with the highest concentration of omega-3 fatty acid. Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid were only detected in eggs from laying hens fed the diet supplemented with fish oil...
January 2015: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25551380/effects-of-diets-high-in-unsaturated-fatty-acids-on-socially-induced-stress-responses-in-guinea-pigs
#9
Matthias Nemeth, Eva Millesi, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Bernard Wallner
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), such as omega-3 and omega-6 poly- and omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids are important nutrients and major components of neuronal cell membranes. They play a major role in modulating brain functions and physiology and may therefore diminish behavioral and physiological stress reactions in corroboration with decreased cortisol concentrations. Functionally, cortisol itself can modulate several behaviors and also the fatty acid metabolism in the long term. But only little is known about the behavioral and physiological influences of dietary UFAs in a social group, where individuals are regularly exposed to stressful situations...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25336096/down-regulation-of-malignant-potential-by-alpha-linolenic-acid-in-human-and-mouse-colon-cancer-cells
#10
John P Chamberland, Hyun-Seuk Moon
Omega-3 fatty acids (also called ω-3 fatty acis or n-3 fatty acid) are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with a double bond (C=C) at the third carbon atom from the end of the carbon chain. Numerous test tube and animal studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids may prevent or inhibit the growth of cancers, suggesting that omega-3 fatty acids are important in cancer physiology. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is one of an essential omega-3 fatty acid and organic compound found in seeds (chia and flaxseed), nuts (notably walnuts), and many common vegetable oils...
March 2015: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25038671/development-of-gluten-free-bread-using-tartary-buckwheat-and-chia-flour-rich-in-flavonoids-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-as-ingredients
#11
Lara Costantini, Lea Lukšič, Romina Molinari, Ivan Kreft, Giovanni Bonafaccia, Laura Manzi, Nicolò Merendino
In this study, chia seed flour, which is rich in omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid, and common and tartary buckwheat flour, which has a high antioxidant activity, were integrated into different types of bread with the aim of improving their nutritional value and healthy features. Our results indicate that bread made with chia and tartary buckwheat flour was more acceptable in many nutritional aspects compared to the control (common wheat bread); it contained a higher amount of protein (20%), insoluble dietary fibres (74%), ash (51%), and alpha-linolenic acid (67...
December 15, 2014: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24909999/inhibitory-effect-of-a-novel-combination-of-salvia-hispanica-chia-seed-and-punica-granatum-pomegranate-fruit-extracts-on-melanin-production
#12
Ganesh Diwakar, Jatinder Rana, Lisa Saito, Doug Vredeveld, Dorothy Zemaitis, Jeffrey Scholten
In recent years, dietary fatty acids have been extensively evaluated for nutritional as well as cosmetic benefits. Among the dietary fats, the omega-3 (ω3) and omega-6 (ω6) forms of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been found to exhibit many biological functions in the skin such as prevention of transepidermal water loss, maintenance of the stratum corneum epidermal barrier, and disruption of melanogenesis in epidermal melanocytes. In this study, we examined the effect of chia seed extract, high in ω3 (linolenic acid) and ω6 (linoleic acid) PUFAs, for its capacity to affect melanogenesis...
September 2014: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24664549/physical-properties-of-sugar-cookies-containing-chia-oat-composites
#13
George E Inglett, Diejun Chen, Sean Liu
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) and soluble β-glucan of oat products are known for lowering blood cholesterol and preventing coronary heart disease. Nutrim, oat bran concentrate (OBC), and whole oat flour (WOF) were composited with finely ground chia, and used in cookies at 20% replacement of wheat flour for improved nutritional and physical quality. The objective was to evaluate physical properties of chia-oat composites, dough, and cookies. RESULTS: These composites had improved water-holding capacities compared to the starting materials...
December 2014: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24527987/effects-of-hemp-cannabis-sativa-l-seed-oil-press-cake-and-decaffeinated-green-tea-leaves-camellia-sinensis-on-functional-characteristics-of-gluten-free-crackers
#14
Olga Radočaj, Etelka Dimić, Rong Tsao
UNLABELLED: A mixture, simplex centroid, 2 components experimental design was used to evaluate the addition of hemp seed oil press-cake and decaffeinated green tea leaves, as functional ingredients to assess nutritional characteristics and antioxidant properties of gluten-free crackers. All samples with added hemp flour had much better nutritional qualities than the brown rice flour crackers in terms of higher protein, crude fibers, minerals, and essential fatty acids content. Likewise, all samples with added decaffeinated green tea leaves had much better antioxidant properties than crackers with no added green tea leaves...
March 2014: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22436699/chronic-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-feeding-in-rats-induces-reversible-metabolic-cardiovascular-and-liver-changes
#15
Hemant Poudyal, Sunil K Panchal, Leigh C Ward, Jennifer Waanders, Lindsay Brown
Age-related physiological changes develop at the same time as the increase in metabolic syndrome in humans after young adulthood. There is a paucity of data in models mimicking chronic diet-induced changes in human middle age and interventions to reverse these changes. This study measured the changes during chronic consumption of a high-carbohydrate (as cornstarch), low-fat (C) diet and a high-carbohydrate (as fructose and sucrose), high-fat (H) diet in rats for 32 wk. C diet feeding induced changes without metabolic syndrome, such as disproportionate increases in total body lean and fat mass, reduced bone mineral content, cardiovascular remodeling with increased systolic blood pressure, left ventricular and arterial stiffness, and increased plasma markers of liver injury...
June 15, 2012: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22221241/omega-3-enriched-egg-production-the-effect-of-%C3%AE-linolenic-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-sources-on-laying-hen-performance-and-yolk-lipid-content-and-fatty-acid-composition
#16
A Antruejo, J O Azcona, P T Garcia, C Gallinger, M Rosmini, R Ayerza, W Coates, C D Perez
1. Diets high in total lipids, saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, and having high ω-6:ω-3 fatty acid ratios, have been shown to be related to increased instances of coronary heart disease, while diets high in ω-3 fatty acids have been shown to decrease the risk. 2. Feeding ω-3 fatty acid diets to laying hens has been shown to improve the quality of eggs produced in terms of saturation and ω-3 content. 3. A study was undertaken to determine if the ω-3 fatty acid source, when fed to hens, influences the amount transferred to eggs...
December 2011: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21183832/omega-3-chia-seed-loading-as-a-means-of-carbohydrate-loading
#17
Travis G Illian, Jason C Casey, Phillip A Bishop
The purpose of this study was to determine if Omega 3 Chia seed loading is a viable option for enhancing sports performance in events lasting >90 minutes and allow athletes to decrease their dietary intake of sugar while increasing their intake of Omega 3 fatty acids. It has been well documented that a high dietary carbohydrate (CHO) intake for several days before competition is known to increase muscle glycogen stores resulting in performance improvements in events lasting >90 minutes. This study compared performance testing results between 2 different CHO-loading treatments...
January 2011: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19648503/chia-salvia-hispanica-l-seed-as-an-n-3-fatty-acid-source-for-finishing-pigs-effects-on-fatty-acid-composition-and-fat-stability-of-the-meat-and-internal-fat-growth-performance-and-meat-sensory-characteristics
#18
W Coates, R Ayerza
Coronary heart disease is caused by arteriosclerosis, which is triggered by an unbalanced fatty acid profile in the body. Today, Western diets are typically low in n-3 fatty acids and high in SFA and n-6 fatty acids; consequently, healthier foods are needed. Chia seed (Salvia hispanica L.), which contains the greatest known plant source of n-3 alpha-linolenic acid, was fed at the rate of 10 and 20% to finishing pigs, with the goal to determine if this new crop would increase the n-3 content of the meat as has been reported for other n-3 fatty acid-rich crops...
November 2009: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19491529/the-seed-s-protein-and-oil-content-fatty-acid-composition-and-growing-cycle-length-of-a-single-genotype-of-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-as-affected-by-environmental-factors
#19
Ricardo Ayerza
As a botanical source, variability in chia seed composition could be expected between growing locations, and between years within a location, due to genotype and environment effects as well genetic x environment's interactions. The objective of the present study was to determine the location effect on the growing cycle length, and seed's protein content, lipid content, and fatty acid profiles, of a single chia genotype. Seeds of chia genotype Tzotzol grown on eight sites in five different ecosystems were tested...
2009: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19130110/uptake-and-incorporation-of-pinolenic-acid-reduces-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-and-downstream-prostaglandin-formation-in-murine-macrophage
#20
Lu-Te Chuang, Po-Jung Tsai, Chia-Long Lee, Yung-Sheng Huang
Many reports have shown the beneficial effects of consumption of pine seeds and pine seed oil. However, few studies have examined the biological effect of pinolenic acid (PNA; 5,9,12-18:3), the main fatty acid in pine seed oil. In this study, using murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells as a model, we examined the effect of PNA on polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism, prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. Results showed that PNA was readily taken up, incorporated and elongated to form eicosatrienoic acid (ETrA, 7,11,14-20:3) in macrophage cells...
March 2009: Lipids
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