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milk and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153180/a-100-year-review-progress-on-the-chemistry-of-milk-and-its-components
#1
John A Lucey, Don Otter, David S Horne
Understanding the chemistry of milk and its components is critical to the production of consistent, high-quality dairy products as well as the development of new dairy ingredients. Over the past 100 yr we have gone from believing that milk has only 3 protein fractions to identifying all the major and minor types of milk proteins as well as discovering that they have genetic variants. The structure and physical properties of most of the milk proteins have been extensively studied. The structure of the casein micelle has been the subject of many studies, and the initial views on submicelles have given way to the current model of the micelle as being assembled as a result of the concerted action of several types of interactions (including hydrophobic and the formation of calcium phosphate nanoclusters)...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151136/whole-milk-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-isfahan-cohort-study
#2
Mohammad Talaei, Naeimeh Hosseini, Rob M van Dam, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Shahram Oveisgharan, Minoo Dianatkhah, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: The association between milk intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality risk is still controversial but data from Middle-Eastern populations are scarce. We aimed to study these associations in an Iranian population. METHODS: We used the Isfahan Cohort Study, a population-based prospective study of 6504 adult Iranians. In this analysis, we included 5432 participants free of CVD at baseline with at least one follow-up. Data on whole milk intake and other dietary factors were collected by a food frequency questionnaire at baseline...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#3
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125314/associations-of-calcium-and-dairy-products-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Caroline Y Um, Suzanne E Judd, W Dana Flanders, Veronika Fedirko, Roberd M Bostick
Associations of calcium and dairy product intakes with cardiovascular disease risk and cancer mortality are controversial. We investigated associations of calcium and dairy product intakes with mortality in the prospective REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study (n = 30,239). Of 2,966 total deaths, 32.3% were from CVD and 28.8% from cancer. For those in the upper relative to the lowest quintile of intakes, from Cox proportional hazards regression models, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause mortality were 1...
November 10, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071499/lactase-persistence-milk-intake-and-mortality-in-the-danish-general-population-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#5
Helle Kirstine Mørup Bergholdt, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard, Anette Varbo, Christina Ellervik
Meta-analyses have suggested no association between milk intake and mortality. Since only few studies have been conducted, we investigated the association between the lactase persistent genetic variant LCT-13910 C/T (rs4988235), a proxy for long-term low and high intake of milk, and mortality. We used two Danish population-based studies with self-reported intake of milk and genotyping for LCT-13910 C/T. We obtained information on all-cause and cause-specific mortality (cardiovascular and cancer) from the national Danish registries...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026007/milk-fat-components-with-potential-anticancer-activity-a-review
#6
Luis M Rodríguez-Alcalá, M Pilar Castro-Gómez, Lígia L Pimentel, Javier Fontecha
During many years, the milk fat has been unfairly undervalued due to its association with higher levels of cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidaemia or obesity, among others. However, currently, this relationship is being re-evaluated because some of the dairy lipid components have been attributed potential health benefits. Due to this, and based on the increasing incidence of cancer in our society, this review work aims to discuss the state of the art concerning scientific evidences of milk lipid components and reported anticancer properties...
October 12, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947910/soybean-milk-inhibits-absorption-and-intestinal-transmembrane-transport-of-gegen-in-rats
#7
Xiao Ling, Yuqiang Xiang, Qingfa Tang, Zhen Jin, Feilong Chen, Xiaomei Tan
Puerariae Lobatae Radix, known as Gegen in Chinese, is widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and many other chronic illnesses. Flavonoids are the main active components in Gegen and are found in high concentrations in soybeans. Few studies, however, have focused on the effects of flavonoid-rich food on the absorption of Gegen. Here, we report an in vivo pharmacokinetic study on rats to explore the effects of soybean milk on the absorption of Gegen and an in vitro Ussing chamber study of puerarin intestinal transmembrane absorption...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914660/mediterranean-diet-impact-on-cardiovascular-diseases-a-narrative-review
#8
Anna V Mattioli, Pasquale Palmiero, Olivia Manfrini, Paolo E Puddu, Savina Nodari, Alessandra Dei Cas, Giuseppe Mercuro, Domenico Scrutinio, Pietro Palermo, Susanna Sciomer, Simona Di Francesco, Giuseppina Novo, Salvatore Novo, Roberto F E Pedretti, Annapaola Zito, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pedrinelli, Alberto Farinetti, Maria Maiello, Federica Moscucci, Raffaele L Tenaglia, Vincenzo Sucato, Marco Triggiani, Lucia Cugusi, Pietro Scicchitano, Pier S Saba, Marco M Ciccone
: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more than 17 million deaths per year worldwide. It has been estimated that the influence of lifestyle on CVD mortality amounts to 13.7% for smoking, 13.2% for poor diet, and 12% for inactive lifestyle. These results deeply impact both the healthy status of individuals and their skills in working. The impact of CVD on productivity loss accounts for the 24% in total costs for CVD management.Mediterranean diet (MedD) can positively impact on natural history of CVD. It is characterized by a relatively high consumption of inexpensive and genuine food such as cereals, vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, fresh fruits, and olive oil as the principal source of fat, low meat consumption and low-to-moderate consumption of milk, dairy products, and wine...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903110/flavor-perception-and-preference-development-in-human-infants
#9
Catherine A Forestell
As most parents and caregivers are aware, feeding children a nutritionally balanced diet can be challenging. Children are born with a biological predisposition to prefer sweet and to avoid bitter foods such as green leafy vegetables. It has been hypothesized that this predisposition evolved to attract children to energy-dense foods while discouraging the consumption of toxins. Although this may have enhanced survival in environments historically characterized by food scarcity, it is clearly maladaptive in many of today's food environments where children are surrounded by an abundance of sweet-tasting, unhealthful foods and beverages that place them at risk for excessive weight gain...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888247/fatal-anaphylaxis-mortality-rate-and-risk-factors
#10
Paul J Turner, Elina Jerschow, Thisanayagam Umasunthar, Robert Lin, Dianne E Campbell, Robert J Boyle
Up to 5% of the US population has suffered anaphylaxis. Fatal outcome is rare, such that even for people with known venom or food allergy, fatal anaphylaxis constitutes less than 1% of total mortality risk. The incidence of fatal anaphylaxis has not increased in line with hospital admissions for anaphylaxis. Fatal drug anaphylaxis may be increasing, but rates of fatal anaphylaxis to venom and food are stable. Risk factors for fatal anaphylaxis vary according to cause. For fatal drug anaphylaxis, previous cardiovascular morbidity and older age are risk factors, with beta-lactam antibiotics, general anesthetic agents, and radiocontrast injections the commonest triggers...
September 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828044/nutritional-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-north-west-households-in-iran-is-knowledge-likely-to-become-practice
#11
Sakineh Nouri Saeidlou, Fariba Babaei, Parvin Ayremlou
BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors have an important role in the incidence of non-communicable diseases and they are strong predictors of cardiovascular risk among adolescents. This study was conducted to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of urban and rural households towards the principles of nutrition in West Azerbaijan Province. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross sectional population based study was conducted among 455 urban and rural households. The sampling method at households' level in each area was the single stage cluster sampling...
December 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820277/natural-phospholipids-occurrence-biosynthesis-separation-identification-and-beneficial-health-aspects
#12
Abdelmoneim H Ali, Xiaoqiang Zou, Sherif M Abed, Sameh A Korma, Qingzhe Jin, Xingguo Wang
During the last years, phospholipids (PLs) have attracted great attention because of their crucial roles in providing nutritional values, technological and medical applications. There are considerable proofs that PLs have unique nutritional benefits on human health, such as reducing cholesterol absorption, improving liver functions, and decreasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. PLs are the main structural lipid components of cell and organelle membranes in all living organisms, and therefore, they occur in all organisms and the derived food products...
August 18, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813611/intrauterine-growth-restricted-yucatan-miniature-pigs-experience-early-catch-up-growth-leading-to-greater-adiposity-and-impaired-lipid-metabolism-as-young-adults
#13
Semone B Myrie, Leslie L McKnight, J Christopher King, John J McGuire, Bruce N Van Vliet, Sukhinder K Cheema, Robert F Bertolo
Early nutrition has critical influences on cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. The study objectives were to evaluate the impact of low birth weight on fasting and postprandial lipid metabolism and endothelium function in Yucatan miniature pigs. Intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) piglets (n = 6; 3 days old, 0.73 ± 0.04 kg) were paired with normal-weight (NW) same-sex littermates (n = 6; 1.11 ± 0.05 kg) and fed milk replacer ad libitum for 4 weeks. Thereafter, all pigs were fed a standard diet ad libitum for 5 h/day with growth, intakes, and blood samples collected for 8 months...
August 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783113/-omics-in-human-colostrum-and-mature-milk-looking-to-old-data-with-new-eyes
#14
REVIEW
Flaminia Bardanzellu, Vassilios Fanos, Alessandra Reali
Human Milk (HM) is the best source for newborn nutrition until at least six months; it exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-infective functions, promotes immune system formation and supports organ development. Breastfeeding could also protect from obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, human colostrum (HC) presents a peculiar role in newborn support as a protective effect against allergic and chronic diseases, in addition to long-term metabolic benefits. In this review, we discuss the recent literature regarding "omics" technologies and growth factors (GF) in HC and the effects of pasteurization on its composition...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763005/seasonal-variation-in-fat-quality-and-conjugated-linoleic-acid-content-of-dairy-products-from-the-tropics-evidence-of-potential-impact-on-human-health
#15
Juliana Côrtes Nunes, Monalisa Nilza Lole Ramalho da Silva, Daniel Perrone, Alexandre Guedes Torres
Seasonal variation in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content and atherogenicity index (AI) of retail dairy products (whole milk, butter, and prato, a soft yellow cheese) from Brazil was investigated. CLA content of dairy products ranged from 0.55 to 1.53 g CLA/100 g fatty acids and was on average 25% higher during the rainy season compared to the dry season. Dairy products from the rainy season also had lower AI levels, indicating a lower risk of causing cardiovascular disease in consumers. This seasonality led to estimated seasonal variations of milk fat quality consumed by the population of southeastern Brazil, meaning 15% and 19% variation in daily intake of CLA and AI values, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702643/antioxidant-ace-inhibitory-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-fermented-goat-milk-activity-and-physicochemical-property-relationship-of-the-peptide-components
#16
Miriam Moreno-Montoro, Manuel Olalla-Herrera, José Ángel Rufián-Henares, Rafael Giménez Martínez, Beatriz Miralles, Triana Bergillos, Miguel Navarro-Alarcón, Paula Jauregi
Increasing evidence on goat milk and the health benefits of its derived products beyond its nutritional value show its potential as a functional food. In this study, goat milk fractions were tested for their total antioxidant capacity using different methods (ORAC, ABTS, DPPH and FRAP), as well as their angiotensin-I-converting-enzyme inhibitory and antimicrobial (against Escherichia coli and Micrococcus luteus) activities. Different whey fractions (whey, cation exchange membrane permeate P and retentate R) of two fermented skimmed goat milks (ultrafiltered goat milk fermented with the classical starter bacteria or with the classical starter plus the Lactobacillus plantarum C4 probiotic strain) were assessed...
August 1, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635680/saturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-replacements-for-saturated-fat-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#17
REVIEW
Michelle A Briggs, Kristina S Petersen, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Dietary recommendations to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have focused on reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) for more than 50 years. While the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise substituting both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids for SFA, evidence supports other nutrient substitutions that will also reduce CVD risk. For example, replacing SFA with whole grains, but not refined carbohydrates, reduces CVD risk. Replacing SFA with protein, especially plant protein, may also reduce CVD risk...
June 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608804/phytosterols-and-omega-3-supplementation-exert-novel-regulatory-effects-on-metabolic-and-inflammatory-pathways-a-proteomic-study
#18
Carmen Lambert, Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Joan Sánchez-Hernández, Rosa M Antonijoan, Antonio Perez, Lina Badimon
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the major causes of death and disability worldwide. In addition to drug treatment, nutritional interventions or supplementations are becoming a health strategy for CVD prevention. Phytosterols (PhyS) are natural components that have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels; while poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), mainly omega-3 (ω3) fatty acids, have shown to reduce triglyceride levels. Here we aimed to investigate whether the proteins in the main lipoproteins (low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL)) as well as proteins in the lipid free plasma fraction (LPDP) were regulated by the intake of PhyS-milk or ω3-milk, in overweight healthy volunteers by a proteomic based systems biology approach...
June 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421799/antihypertensive-effect-of-fermented-skim-camel-camelus-dromedarius-milk-on-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#19
Mohammed A Yahya, Omar A Alhaj, Abdullrahman S Al-Khalifah
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in worldwide, thus prevention of hypertension is important in reducing the risks of cardiovascular disease. Milk contains bioactive peptides released during milk fermentation which lead to exhibit angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the antihypertensive effect of fermented skim camel milk on rats and compared with unfermented skim camel milk as control...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374891/short-term-hypoxia-reverses-ox-ldl-induced-cd36-and-glut4-switching-metabolic-pathways-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblast-cells
#20
Yeh-Peng Chen, Hsi-Hsien Hsu, Rathinasamy Baskaran, Su-Ying Wen, Chia-Yao Shen, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Tsung-Jung Ho, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
High levels of circulating low-density lipoproteins (LDL, plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) are associated with type 2 diabetes, arteriosclerosis, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. In the heart, the accumulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been proposed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We obtain cholesterol from animals and animal-derived foods such as milk, eggs, and cheese. In previous studies, the ratio of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was shown to be important for our health...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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