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milk and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326003/effects-of-organic-food-consumption-on-human-health-the-jury-is-still-out
#1
Marcin Barański, Leonidas Rempelos, Per Ole Iversen, Carlo Leifert
The most recent systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses have indicated significant and nutritionally-relevant composition differences between organic and conventional foods. This included higher antioxidant, but lower cadmium and pesticide levels in organic crops, and higher omega-3 fatty acids concentrations in organic meat and dairy products. Also, results from a small number of human cohort studies indicate that there are positive associations between organic food consumption and reduced risk/incidence of certain acute diseases (e...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299944/streptococcus-thermophilus-fermented-milk-reduces-serum-mda-ldl-and-blood-pressure-in-healthy-and-mildly-hypercholesterolaemic-adults
#2
M Ito, S Kusuhara, W Yokoi, T Sato, H Ishiki, S Miida, A Matsui, K Nakamori, C Nonaka, K Miyazaki
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL), MDA-LDL/LDL-cholesterol in serum, and blood pressure are considered useful risk markers of cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to examine whether a fermented milk containing Streptococcus thermophilus YIT 2001 (ST), which has high anti-oxidative activity, would benefit healthy and mildly hyper-LDL-cholesterolaemic adults via a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. ST-fermented milk or non-fermented placebo milk (PC) was consumed once a day for 12 weeks by 29 and 30 subjects, respectively, with average serum LDL-cholesterol levels of about 140 mg/dl...
March 16, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294173/the-effect-of-uht-processed-dairy-milk-on-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors
#3
C K Hansen, L Klingenberg, L B Larsen, J K Lorenzen, K V Sørensen, A Astrup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a major cause of death worldwide. Whereas dairy generally is associated with a neutral or a beneficial CVD effect, the consumption of ultra-high temperature (UHT)-treated milk has been reported to increase levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in an uncontrolled study. Our aim was to examine whether semi-skimmed UHT dairy milk increases the risk of CVD development compared with pasteurized (PAST) dairy milk in overweight healthy adults...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264492/lifestyle-and-dietary-determinants-of-serum-apolipoprotein-a1-and-apolipoprotein-b-concentrations-cross-sectional-analyses-within-a-swedish-cohort-of-24-984-individuals
#4
Kasper Frondelius, Madelene Borg, Ulrika Ericson, Yan Borné, Olle Melander, Emily Sonestedt
Low serum apolipoprotein (Apo) A1 concentrations and high serum ApoB concentrations may be better markers of the risk of cardiovascular disease than high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). However, the associations between modifiable lifestyle factors and Apo concentrations have not been investigated in detail. Therefore, this study investigated the associations between Apo concentrations and education, lifestyle factors and dietary intake (macronutrients and 34 food groups). These cross-sectional associations were examined among 24,984 individuals in a Swedish population-based cohort...
February 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241975/chronic-administration-of-the-soluble-nonbacterial-fraction-of-kefir-attenuates-lipid-deposition-in-ldlr-mice
#5
Adriélly F Santanna, Placielle F Filete, Ewelyne M Lima, Marcella L Porto, Silvana S Meyrelles, Elisardo C Vasquez, Denise C Endringer, Dominik Lenz, Dulcineia S P Abdalla, Thiago M C Pereira, Tadeu U Andrade
OBJECTIVES: Kefir is obtained by the action of acidic bacteria and yeasts that exist in symbiotic association in kefir grains. Recently, this fermented milk drink has been recommended for the treatment of several clinical conditions, such as inflammatory, gastrointestinal, or cardiovascular-related diseases, or a combination of these diseases. However, its effects on atherosclerosis are not yet clear. The aim of this study was to prove that chronic treatment with a soluble, nonbacterial fraction of kefir could reduce the progression of atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (LDLr(-/-)) mice...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229097/pediatric-hypovitaminosis-d-molecular-perspectives-and-clinical-implications
#6
Rafiu Ariganjoye
Vitamin D, a secosteroid, is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bone in both the adult and pediatric populations. Low level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)-D) is highly prevalent in children worldwide and has been linked to various adverse health outcomes including rickets, osteomalacia, osteomalacic myopathy, sarcopenia, and weakness, growth retardation, hypocalcemia, seizure and tetany, autism, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancers (prostate, colon, breast), infectious diseases (viral, tuberculosis), and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225891/soy-milk-versus-simvastatin-for-preventing-atherosclerosis-and-left-ventricle-remodeling-in-ldl-receptor-knockout-mice
#7
L Santos, A P Davel, T I R Almeida, M R Almeida, E A Soares, G J M Fernandes, S F Magalhães, V G Barauna, J A D Garcia
Functional food intake has been highlighted as a strategy for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases by reducing risk factors. In this study, we compared the effects of oral treatment with soy milk and simvastatin on dyslipidemia, left ventricle remodeling and atherosclerotic lesion of LDL receptor knockout mice (LDLr-/-) fed a hyperlipidic diet. Forty 3-month old male LDLr-/- mice were distributed into four groups: control group (C), in which animals received standard diet; HL group, in which animals were fed a hyperlipidic diet; HL+SM or HL+S groups, in which animals were submitted to a hyperlipidic diet plus soy milk or simvastatin, respectively...
February 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210840/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrient-intake-among-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Wen Chen, Kirstie Ducharme-Smith, Laura Davis, Wun Fung Hui, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Alison G Abraham, Aisha Betoko
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to identify the main food contributors to energy and nutrient intake in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of dietary intake assessed using Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) cohort study, we estimated energy and nutrient intake and identified the primary contributing foods within this population. RESULTS: Completed FFQs were available for 658 children...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178180/is-the-proportion-of-carbohydrate-intake-associated-with-the-incidence-of-diabetes-complications-an-analysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-complications-study
#9
Chika Horikawa, Yukio Yoshimura, Chiemi Kamada, Shiro Tanaka, Sachiko Tanaka, Satoshi Matsunaga, Osamu Hanyu, Atsushi Araki, Hideki Ito, Akira Tanaka, Yasuo Ohashi, Yasuo Akanuma, Hirohito Sone
The appropriate proportions of macronutritional intake have been controversial in medical nutritional therapy for diabetes, and evidence of the effects of carbohydrate consumption on diabetes complications in prospective settings is sparse. We investigated the relationships between proportions of carbohydrate intake as the % of total energy and diabetes complications in a nationwide cohort of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-70 years with hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%. The analysis was of 1516 responders to a baseline dietary survey assessed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire based on food groups...
February 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177375/production-composition-fatty-acid-profile-and-sensory-analysis-of-goat-milk-in-goats-fed-buriti-oil
#10
J S Morais, L R Bezerra, A M A Silva, M J Araújo, R L Oliveira, R L Edvan, J N C Torreão, D P D Lanna
This study evaluated the effects of replacing ground corn with buriti oil ( L.) on feed intake and digestibility and on the production, composition, fatty acid profile and sensory characteristics of goat milk. A double Latin square (4 × 4) was used; eight goats were distributed in a completely randomized design. The square comprised four periods and four buriti oil concentration (0.00; 1.50; 3.00 and 4.50% of total DM) replacing corn. Intakes of DM, CP, NDF, ADF, non-fibrous carboydrates (NFC) and TDN were not affected by the replacement of corn with oil in the diet...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140321/systematic-review-of-the-association-between-dairy-product-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-related-clinical-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
Jean-Philippe Drouin-Chartier, Didier Brassard, Maude Tessier-Grenier, Julie Anne Côté, Marie-Ève Labonté, Sophie Desroches, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche
The objective of this systematic review was to determine if dairy product consumption is detrimental, neutral, or beneficial to cardiovascular health and if the recommendation to consume reduced-fat as opposed to regular-fat dairy is evidence-based. A systematic review of meta-analyses of prospective population studies associating dairy consumption with cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, hypertension, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) was conducted on the basis of the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119955/evaluation-of-sensory-and-in-vitro-anti-thrombotic-properties-of-traditional-greek-yogurts-derived-from-different-types-of-milk
#12
Kalliopi Megalemou, Eleni Sioriki, Ronan Lordan, Maria Dermiki, Constantina Nasopoulou, Ioannis Zabetakis
Given that fermented dairy products exhibit high bioactivities against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the anti-thrombotic properties, fatty acid profiles and sensory properties of cow, goat and ewe derived Greek yogurts have been assessed and compared. The total lipids (TL), total polar lipids (TPL), total neutral lipids (TNL) were obtained and the polar lipid fractions were further separated by thin layer chromatography (TLC). These lipid samples (TL, TPL and TLC fractions) were subsequently assessed for their biological activity against atherosclerosis based on the in vitro inhibition of Platelet Activating Factor (PAF)-induced platelet aggregation...
January 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#13
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057921/no-modifying-effect-of-education-level-on-the-association-between-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiovascular-mortality-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#14
Eri Eguchi, Hiroyasu Iso, Kaori Honjo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Tamakoshi
We examined the effect of education level on the association between healthy lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular mortality in the Japanese population. A total of 42,647 community-based men and women aged 40-79 years were enrolled at baseline (1988-1990), followed through 2009. The components of the healthy lifestyle score included the intake of fruits, fish, and milk; body mass index; exercise; avoidance of smoking; moderate alcohol intake; and moderate sleep duration. During the 19.3 years of follow-up, 8,314 all-cause and 2,377 total cardiovascular mortality cases were noted...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012280/whey-and-casein-proteins-and-medium-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-from-milk-do-not-increase-low-grade-inflammation-in-abdominally-obese-adults
#15
Mette Bohl, Ann Bjørnshave, Søren Gregersen, Kjeld Hermansen
BACKGROUND: Low-grade inflammation is involved in the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Inflammation can be modulated by dietary factors. Dairy products are rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA), which are known to possess pro-inflammatory properties. However, different fatty acid compositions may exert different effects. Other components such as milk proteins may exert anti-inflammatory properties which may compensate for the potential negative effects of SFAs. Generally, the available data suggest a neutral role of dairy product consumption on inflammation...
July 2016: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974606/dairy-food-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-risk-of-hypertension-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#16
Mohammad Talaei, An Pan, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence from Western populations suggests that dairy food intake may reduce the risk of hypertension, probably through its calcium content. However, there are no epidemiological studies among Asian populations with generally lower dairy and calcium consumption. OBJECTIVE: The relation between dairy or calcium intake and risk of hypertension was evaluated in a Chinese population in Singapore. METHODS: The analysis included 37,124 Chinese men and women aged 45-74 y who participated in the Singapore Chinese Health Study in 1993-1998...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968879/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-jiangsu-province-china-a-nested-case-control-study
#17
Shurong Lu, Hao Yu, Renqiang Han, Jian Su, Xiaoqun Pan, Yongqing Zhang, Jinyi Zhou, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns are reported to be influential to the risk of cardiovascular disease, but few studies have explored this among Chinese people. We aimed to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and the risk of cardiovascular diseases among the general population in Jiangsu Province, China. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, representative adults without a history of cardiovascular disease were recruited from Jiangsu Province. Face-to-face interviews were used to assess dietary intake using a validated food frequency questionnaire, in which more than 85% of foods consumed in Jiangsu were covered...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906713/milk-fat-biomarkers-and-cardiometabolic-disease
#18
Ulf Risérus, Matti Marklund
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dairy is a major food group with potential impact on cardiometabolic health. Self-reported dairy intake has limitations that can partly be avoided by using biomarkers. This review aims to summarize the evidence of odd-chain saturated fatty acids (OCFAs), that is, pentadecanoic acid (C15 : 0) and heptadecanoic acid (17 : 0), as biomarkers of dairy fat intake. In addition, the associations of OCFA biomarkers with cardiometabolic disease will be overviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Adipose tissue 15 : 0 is the preferred biomarker but also circulating 15 : 0, and to a weaker extent 17 : 0, reflects both habitual and changes in dairy intake...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894411/allele-specific-pcr-and-melting-curve-analysis-showed-relatively-high-frequency-of-%C3%AE-casein-gene-a1-allele-in-iranian-holstein-simmental-and-native-cows
#19
M Gholami, S H Hafezian, G Rahimi, A Farhadi, Z Rahimi, D Kahrizi, S Kiani, H Karim, S Vaziri, S Muhammadi, F Veisi, K Ghadiri, H Shetabi, J Zargooshi
There are two allelic forms of A1 and A2 of β-casein gene in dairy cattle. Proteolytic digestion of bovine β-casein A1 type produces bioactive peptide of β-casomorphin-7 known as milk devil. β-casomorphin-7 causes many diseases, including type 1 diabetes, cardiovascular disease syndrome, sudden death and madness. The aim of the present study was to determine the different allelic forms of β-casein gene in Iranian Holstein, Simmental and native cattle in order to identify A1 and A2 variants. The blood samples were collected randomly and DNA was extracted using modified salting out method...
October 31, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882862/milk-and-dairy-products-good-or-bad-for-human-health-an-assessment-of-the-totality-of-scientific-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Ian Givens, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
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