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milk and cancer

Wonnam Kim, John J Wysolmerski
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in normal breast epithelial cells and in breast cancer cells. During lactation, activation of the CaSR in mammary epithelial cells increases calcium transport into milk and inhibits parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) secretion into milk and into the circulation. The ability to sense changes in extracellular calcium allows the lactating breast to actively participate in the regulation of systemic calcium and bone metabolism, and to coordinate calcium usage with calcium availability during milk production...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
L W B Olaniyan, N Mkwetshana, A I Okoh
Triclosan (TCS) is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent present as an active ingredient in some personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes and sterilizers. It is an endocrine disrupting compound and its increasing presence in water resources as well as in biosolid-amended soils used in farming, its potential for bioaccumulation in fatty tissues and toxicity in aquatic organisms are a cause for concern to human and environmental health. TCS has also been detected in blood, breast milk, urine and nails of humans...
2016: SpringerPlus
Abdulrahman K Al-Asmari, Anvarbatcha Riyasdeen, Rajamohamed Abbasmanthiri, Mohammed Arshaduddin, Fahad Ali Al-Harthi
OBJECTIVES: The defective apoptosis is believed to play a major role in the survival and proliferation of neoplastic cells. Hence, the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells is one of the targets for cancer treatment. Researchers are considering scorpion venom as a potent natural source for cancer treatment because it contains many bioactive compounds. The main objective of the current study is to evaluate the anticancer property of Androctonus bicolor scorpion venom on cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scorpions were milked by electrical stimulation of telsons and lyophilized...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Humaira Yasmeen, Abdul Qadir, Mehvish Mumtaz, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani, Jabbir Hussain Syed, Adeel Mahmood, Nadia Jamil, Farva Nazar, Habib Ali, Muhammad Shafiq Ahmad, Zafar Iqbal Tanveer, Gan Zhang
The present study was conducted to highlight the existing level of ∑16 OCPs from human milk (n = 45) and blood serum (n = 40) of cotton picker women in Khanewal district, Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Source apportionment, congener specific analysis and risk surveillance of OCPs was reported from human milk and blood samples. Levels of OCPs (ng g(-1) ) in milk and blood serum samples ranged from 15.7 to 538.3 ng g(-1) and 16.4 to 747. 1 ng g(-1) , respectively and was found lower than previously published reports from other regions of the globe...
September 29, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
Recep Bayram, Muhsine Zeynep Yavuz, Bedri Selim Benek, Ayşenur Aydoğar Bozkurt, Ali Ucbek, Zeynep Güneş Özünal, Akçahan Gepdiremen
AIM: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of calcium at the same concentration as that found in human milk on the viability, proliferation, and adhesion of MCF-7 human breast ductal carcinoma cells by exposing them to calcium at the same frequency as in breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-concentration calcium was applied for 30 minutes every 4 hours for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Cell proliferation and viability were measured using a hemocytometer and the MTT cell viability assay...
September 27, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli, Samantha Caesar de Andrade, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
The use of dietary patterns to assess dietary intake has become increasingly common in nutritional epidemiology studies due to the complexity and multidimensionality of the diet. Currently, two main approaches have been widely used to assess dietary patterns: data-driven and hypothesis-driven analysis. Since the methods explore different angles of dietary intake, using both approaches simultaneously might yield complementary and useful information; thus, we aimed to use both approaches to gain knowledge of adolescents' dietary patterns...
2016: Nutrients
Mashael Alshebly, Badr Sobaih
The aim of the study was to explore the practice and attitudes of Saudi mothers towards breastfeeding. A cross-sectional survey done on a total of 517 Saudi mothers using a questionnaire inquiring about their demographic data, breastfeeding practice in the first 6 months after delivery and longer, different reasons for stopping breastfeeding. Furthermore, their impression on the relation between breastfeeding and breast cancer as well as prevention of infant's allergic and infectious diseases. Only 37.5% of the mothers practiced exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months...
2016: Sudan J Paediatr
Gitane Fuke, José Laerte Nornberg
The term CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) corresponds to a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. Two of these isomers (9c, 11t and 10t, 12c) have biological activity. The milk and dairy products are the most abundant source of conjugated linoleic acid, which refers to a group of positional and geometric isomers of CLA (CLA 18:2 cis-9, cis-12). The following research aims to approach aspects regarding the CLA, as well as its relationship with diseases. Conjugated linoleic acids have been studied for their beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, including obesity, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases...
January 2, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Bo Qin, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
BACKGROUND: No previous study has evaluated the associations of dairy products, lactose, calcium and vitamin D with the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, who are known to have high mortality from the disease, as well as to be at risk for calcium and vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: We evaluated these associations among 490 ovarian cancer cases and 656 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited into the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case-control study in 11 geographical areas in the US...
September 15, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Roberto de la Peña-López, Yuly Andrea Remolina-Bonilla
Cancer is a group of diseases which represents a significant public health problem in Mexico and worldwide. In Mexico neoplasms are the second leading cause of death. An increased morbidity and mortality are expected in the next decades. Several preventable risk factors for cancer development have been identified, the most relevant including tobacco use, which accounts for 30% of the cancer cases; and obesity, associated to another 30%. These factors, in turn, are related to sedentarism, alcohol abuse and imbalanced diets...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Deepak Sharma, Sweta Shastri, Pradeep Sharma
BACKGROUND: Lactoferrin (LF) is present in breast milk and have numerous properties including antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer. Recent studies have emphasized the role of LF in neonatal care Aims and objective: To evaluate the various roles of Lactoferrin in Neonatal care in preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: The literature search was done for this systematic review by searching the electronic data base namely Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), SCIWIN (Scientific World Index), Google Scholar, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information System (LILACS), Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region (IMSEAR), Western Pacific Region Index Medicus (WPRIM), various sites for ongoing trials namely clinical trial registry ( www...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
D P Mohanty, S Mohapatra, S Misra, P S Sahu
Milk-derived bioactive peptides have been identified as potential ingredients of health-promoting functional foods. These bioactive peptides are targeted at diet-related chronic diseases especially the non-communicable diseases viz., obesity, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Peptides derived from the milk of cow, goat, sheep, buffalo and camel exert multifunctional properties, including anti-microbial, immune modulatory, anti-oxidant, inhibitory effect on enzymes, anti-thrombotic, and antagonistic activities against various toxic agents...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Arrigo Fg Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Alessandro Colletti
In the last years, a growing interest has been directed to bioactive peptides of animal and plant origin: in particular, researchers focused their attention on their mechanisms of action and their potential role in the prevention and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular and infective diseases. A search strategy was developed to identify studies in PubMed (January 1980 to May 2016); in particular, the authors selected papers reporting comprehensive reviews or meta-analyses, or studies in vitro and in vivo and clinical trials on bioactive peptides with an action on cardiovascular diseases, immunity, cancer or with an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial effects...
August 29, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Jayan Ozhikandathil, Simona Badilescu, Muthukumaran Packirisamy
Lab-on-chip technology is attracting great interest due to its potential as miniaturized devices that can automate and integrate many sample-handling steps, minimize consumption of reagent and samples, have short processing time and enable multiplexed analysis. Microfluidic devices have demonstrated their potential for a broad range of applications in life sciences, including point-of-care diagnostics and personalized medicine, based on the routine diagnosis of levels of hormones, cancer markers, and various metabolic products in blood, serum, etc...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Sepideh Elyasi, Sare Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Niazi Moghadam, Seyed Amir Aledavood, Gholamreza Karimi
Mucositis is a frequent severe complication of radiation therapy in patient with head and neck cancer. Silymarin is a polyphenolic flavonoid extracted from the milk thistle that exhibits strong antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities. In this study, we evaluate silymarin efficacy in prevention of radiotherapy induced mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer, as the first human study. During this pilot, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial, the effect of oral silymarin 420 mg daily in three divided doses starting at the first day of radiotherapy for 6 weeks, on oral mucositis occurrence was assessed...
August 23, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Fabiana Zingone, Chiara Bartalini, Monica Siniscalchi, Monica Ruotolo, Cristina Bucci, Ivonne Morra, Paola Iovino, Carolina Ciacci
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is evidence that food components beyond gluten cause symptoms in patients with gluten sensitivity without celiac disease (nonceliac gluten sensitivity [NCGS]). We investigated the diets and nutritional characteristics of patients with NCGS. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study of 29 patients with NCGS seen at the outpatient clinic for celiac disease and other food intolerances of the University of Salerno in Italy from September 2015 through April 2016...
August 21, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Jennifer E Cohen, Claire E Wakefield, Richard J Cohn
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk of developing health conditions such as osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease than their peers. Health-promoting behaviour, such as consuming a healthy diet, could lessen the impact of these chronic issues, yet the prevalence rate of health-protecting behaviour amongst survivors of childhood cancer is similar to that of the general population. Targeted nutritional interventions may prevent or reduce the incidence of these chronic diseases...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
J Winny Yun, Adam Xiao, Ikuo Tsunoda, Alireza Minagar, J Steven Alexander
Discovered in 1947, microparticles (MP) represent a group of sub-micron cell-derived particles isolated by high speed centrifugation. Once regarded as cellular 'trash', in the past decade MP have gained tremendous attention in both basic sciences and medical research both as biomarkers and mediators of infection, injury and response to therapy. Because MP bear cell surface markers derived from parent cells, accumulate in extracellular fluids (plasma, serum, milk, urine, cerebrospinal fluid) MP based tests are being developed commercially as important components in 'liquid biopsy' approaches, providing valuable readouts in cardiovascular disease and cancer, as well as stroke, Alzheimer's disease and Multiple Sclerosis...
August 12, 2016: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
Navaneethakrishnan Polachi, Guirong Bai, Tingyang Li, Yang Chu, Xiangyang Wang, Shuming Li, Ning Gu, Jiang Wu, Wei Li, Yanjun Zhang, Shuiping Zhou, He Sun, Changxiao Liu
Silibinin, a natural flavanone, derived from the milk thistle plant (Silybum marianum), was illustrated for several medicinal uses such as liver-protective, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammation and many other. However, silibinin has poor absorbance and bioavailability due to low water solubility, thereby limiting its clinical applications and therapeutic efficiency. To overcome this problem, the combination of silibinin with phosphatidylcholine (PC) as a formulation was used to enhance the solubility and bioavailability...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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