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Disseminated intravascular coagulation

Sayyeda Ghazala Irfan Kazi, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Irfan Habib, Saadia Tabassum, Badar Afzal, Irum Qamar Khan
Neonatal Purpura Fulminans is a rare and fatal disorder associated with perivascular haemorrhage and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Early clinical recognition, timely investigation and treatment is utmost important. A 6 days old baby boy was brought to emergency with blackish ulcers all over the body. Initially these were over the feet and scalp but later appeared on the abdomen. On examination, child was vitally stable, mildly icteric and had multiple erythematous large bullous blackish lesions on scalp, lower abdomen, perineum, back and soles...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Gülsüm Özkan, Gaye Kübra Emeksiz, Reşit Volkan Atar, Samet Sedef, Pınar Sonat Kara, Meltem Öznur, Burhan Turgut
Purpura fulminans associated with antithrombin 3 (AT 3) deficiency is very rare in adults and neonates. It can be categorized into three principal forms - neonatal, idiopathic and acute infectious. Purpura fulminans has been reported to cause cardiac, pulmonary and renal damage in rare cases. We describe an adult case of purpura fulminans developing in association with AT 3 deficiency without infection following a surgical procedure, and acute kidney injury (AKI) developing secondary to rhabdomyolysis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Michitaka Funayama, Taketo Takata, Akihiro Koreki, Satoyuki Ogino, Masaru Mimura
OBJECTIVE: Although catatonia can occur secondary to a general medical condition, catatonia itself has been known to lead to various medical compolications. Although case reports on the association of catatonia with subsequent medical complications have been documented, no comprehensive large-scale study has been performed. To investigate specific medical complications following catatonia, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of specific medical complications of schizophrenia patients with catatonia...
March 8, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Mathies Appel Laursen, Julie Brogaard Larsen, Anne-Mette Hvas
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) has a well-examined pathophysiology, yet some essential elements remain undetermined. During DIC, platelets play an important role in the development of micro thrombosis, but changes in platelet function parameters and their association with development of DIC have not been established. The present systematic review investigated reported associations between platelet function (activation, aggregation, and adhesion) and DIC. We performed a literature search in Embase and PubMed, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
March 8, 2018: Platelets
Mineji Hayakawa, Kazuma Yamakawa, Daisuke Kudo, Kota Ono
Low-dose antithrombin supplementation therapy (1500 IU/d for 3 days) improves outcomes in patients with sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). This retrospective study evaluated the optimal antithrombin activity threshold to initiate supplementation, and the effects of supplementation therapy in 1033 patients with sepsis-induced DIC whose antithrombin activity levels were measured upon admission to 42 intensive care units across Japan. Of the 509 patients who had received antithrombin supplementation therapy, in-hospital mortality was significantly reduced only in patients with very low antithrombin activity (≤43%; bottom quartile; adjusted hazard ratio: 0...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Kota Ouchi, Shin Takahashi, Sonoko Chikamatsu, Shukuei Ito, Yoshikazu Takahashi, Sadayuki Kawai, Akira Okita, Yuki Kasahara, Yoshinari Okada, Hiroo Imai, Keigo Komine, Ken Saijo, Masahiro Takahashi, Hidekazu Shirota, Masanobu Takahashi, Makio Gamoh, Chikashi Ishioka
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) has been established and introduced in the clinic as a standard treatment for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, the efficacy and safety of rTM for DIC associated with solid tumors (DIC-STs) have not been fully established. Here, we performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical outcomes of rTM for DIC-STs and considered a treatment strategy with rTM for DIC-STs. METHODS: Patients with DIC-STs between November 2009 and March 2016 in 2 cancer core hospitals were retrospectively analyzed...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Takashi Ishihara, Keiji Nogami, Yasufumi Takeshita, Satoshi Ochi, Midori Shima
Thrombosis and hemorrhage are serious complications in pediatric patients with solid tumors, and enhanced fibrinolysis associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is often observed. Fibrinolytic enzymes also play an important role in metastasis. Limited information is available, however, on the assessment of overall hemostatic function in children with malignant solid tumors. Methods We have investigated comprehensive hemostatic potential in these circumstances using simultaneous thrombin/plasmin generation assay (T/P-GA)...
March 5, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Yasuo Ohkoshi, Toyotaka Sato, Takayuki Wada, Yukari Fukushima, Hiromi Murabayashi, Yasunari Takakuwa, Kaoru Nishiyama, Hiroyuki Honda, Tsukasa Shiraishi, Koji Kuronuma, Hiroki Takahashi, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Shin-Ichi Yokota
Multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae strains were isolated from blood and sputum of a patient with disseminated intravascular coagulation in Sapporo city, Japan. These antibiograms were only susceptible to vancomycin, linezolid, daptomycin, some carbapenems, and some fluoroquinolones. Identical antibiograms, serotypes (19F), and sequence types (ST10017) suggested a shared origin of these isolates. Only one ST10017 strain has been isolated in the same city in Japan previously (2014), and the 2014 isolate is still susceptible to macrolides...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Yutaka Umemura, Kazuma Yamakawa, Mineji Hayakawa, Daisuke Kudo, Satoshi Fujimi
BACKGROUND: Antithrombin and recombinant human thrombomodulin (rhTM) are individually reported to improve survival in sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, continuing controversy exists as to which agent is superior and whether concomitant therapy is superior to individual administration. METHODS: This post hoc analysis included adult patients with sepsis-induced DIC from a nationwide multicenter registry database in Japan. We categorized patients into 4 groups: patients who received (1) individual administration of antithrombin, (2) individual administration of rhTM, (3) both, and (4) neither...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Ranit Hizkiyahu, Anat Rabinovich, Jecko Thachil, Eyal Sheiner, Gad Shaked, Gilbert Sebbag, Eli Maymon, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: Liver rupture and hematoma are rare life-threatening complications of pregnancy. The aims of the current study are to: (1) characterize in a population-based study all cases of liver hematoma and/or rupture; and (2) validate the utility of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) modified pregnancy specific disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score in those cases. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study including all patients with liver subcapsular hematoma or rupture between the years 1996 and 2012 was conducted...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
J Fiorellino, A L Elahie, T E Warkentin
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to report a patient with acute haemolytic transfusion reaction (HTR) after transfusing uncross-matched red blood cell (RBC) units and to identify the frequency of this complication. BACKGROUND: Uncross-matched RBC units are commonly transfused in emergencies, but the frequency of acute HTR is unknown. METHODS: We describe a male stabbing victim who received three units of uncross-matched RBC units complicated by acute intravascular HTR, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and renal failure...
February 19, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
Vanessa Andrada Păun, Zamfir-Radu Ionescu, Liliana Voinea, Monica Cîrstoiu, Alexandru Baroș, Ștefan Pricopie, Radu Ciuluvică
Ocular posterior pole modification are a pathological manifestation in complicated pregnancies, especially when pregnancy induced hypertension is present (PIH), as well as in preeclampsia (PE) or eclampsia. Nonetheless, as the pregnancy evolves, the possibility for an aggravated evolution with HELLP syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura may have an ocular manifestation that, mainly, implies a loss of visual field or acuity, that, left unattended, may constitute a permanent impairment...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Thibault Duburcq, Arthur Durand, Antoine Tournoys, Viviane Gnemmi, Valery Gmyr, François Pattou, Mercedes Jourdain, Fabienne Tamion, Emmanuel Besnier, Sebastien Préau, Erika Parmentier-Decrucq, Daniel Mathieu, Julien Poissy, Raphaël Favory
BACKGROUND: Sodium lactate seemed to improve fluid balance and avoid fluid overload. The objective of this study was to determine if these beneficial effects can be at least partly explained by an improvement in disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)-associated renal microvascular thrombosis. METHODS: Ancillary work of an interventional randomized open label controlled experimental study. Fifteen female "Large White" pigs (2 months old) were challenged with intravenous infusion of E...
February 14, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Steven P Grover, Nigel Mackman
Tissue factor (TF) is the high-affinity receptor and cofactor for FVII/VIIa. The TF-FVIIa complex is the primary initiator of blood coagulation and plays an essential role in hemostasis. TF is expressed on perivascular and epithelial cells at organ and body surfaces where it forms a hemostatic barrier. TF also provides additional hemostatic protection to vital organs, such as the brain, lung, and heart. Under pathological conditions, TF can trigger both arterial and venous thrombosis. For instance, atherosclerosis plaques contain high levels of TF on macrophage foam cells and microvesicles that drives thrombus formation after plaque rupture...
February 8, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Fang Peng, Li-Li Zhong, Xiao-Juan Lin, Min Chen, Miao Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution characteristics and clinical features of Burkholderia cepacia infection in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection who were hospitalized between June 2012 and September 2017. RESULTS: All 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection were sporadic cases. A total of 16 strains of Burkholderia cepacia were isolated, among which 8 were detected by sputum culture, 5 were detected by blood culture, 2 were detected by tracheal intubation tip culture, and 1 was detected by lung biopsy culture...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Julie M Rosenthal, Mark W Johnson
Pregnancy leads to significant changes in the body, which potentially affect the retina. Pregnancy can induce disease, such as that seen in hypertensive retinopathy and choroidopathy. It can cause exudative retinal detachments in the HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and provoke arterial and venous retinal occlusive disease. Pregnancy may also exacerbate pre-existing retinal disease, such as idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (ICSC) and diabetic retinopathy...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Yusuke Fujii, Noriyuki Hirahara, Shunsuke Kaji, Yoshiko Miyazaki, Takashi Kishi, Takahito Taniura, Ryoji Hyakudomi, Tetsu Yamamoto, Takeshi Nishi, Hikota Hayashi, Yasunari Kawabata, Yoshitsugu Tajima
A 60s-year-old Japanese male underwent curative resection for an advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction(Stage III C), followed by adjuvant chemotherapy.Twenty -one months later, he was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of marked decline in activities of daily living(ADL).The patient was diagnosed with pancytopenia, disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC), multiple lymph node and bone metastases, and bone marrow carcinomatosis.After completing a sufficient informed consent process, he received chemotherapy along with blood transfusion, and then DIC, pancytopenia, and ADL of the patient improved...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Akio Namikawa, Yuko Shibuya, Haruki Ouchi, Hiroko Takahashi, Yoshitaka Furuto
ABO-incompatible blood transfusion is potentially a life-threatening event. A 74-year-old type O Rh-positive male was accidentally transfused with 280 mL type B Rh-positive red blood cells during open right hemicolectomy, causing ABO-incompatible blood transfusion. Immediately after the transfusion, the patient experienced a hypotension episode followed by acute hemolytic reaction, disseminated intravascular coagulation and acute kidney injury. Plasma exchange therapy was performed to remove anti-B antibody and free hemoglobin because they caused acute hemolytic reaction, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and acute kidney injury...
January 31, 2018: CEN Case Reports
Marlène Cherruault, Marielle Le Goff, Jérôme Tamburini, Frédéric Pène
OBJECTIVES: Hematologic malignancies may result in multiple organ involvement including pulmonary and renal dysfunctions, and the less common acute circulatory failure. We herein addressed the outcome of patients with sepsis-like shock related to aggressive hematologic malignancies. DESIGN: A 10-year (2007-2016) monocenter retrospective study. SETTINGS: A medical ICU in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Patients with circulatory shock requiring vasopressors and who subsequently received chemotherapy...
January 25, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Sarah J Higgins, Karen De Ceunynck, John Kellum, Xiuying Chen, Xuesong Gu, Sharjeel A Chaudhry, Sol Schulman, Towia A Libermann, Shulin Lu, Nathan I Shapiro, David C Christiani, Robert Flaumenhaft, Samir M Parikh
Disordered coagulation contributes to death in sepsis and lacks effective treatments. Existing markers of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) reflect its sequelae rather than its causes, delaying diagnosis and treatment. Here we show that disruption of the endothelial Tie2 axis is a sentinel event in septic DIC. Proteomics in septic DIC patients revealed a network involving inflammation and coagulation with the Tie2 antagonist, Angiopoietin-2 (Angpt-2), occupying a central node. Angpt-2 was strongly associated with traditional DIC markers including platelet counts, yet more accurately predicted mortality in two large independent cohorts (combined N = 1077)...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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