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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353387/inter-individual-variation-in-health-and-disease-associated-with-pulmonary-infectious-agents
#1
Kirsten C Verhein, Heather L Vellers, Steven R Kleeberger
Respiratory infectious diseases resulting from bacterial or viral pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), or influenza, are major global public health concerns. Lower respiratory tract infections are leading causes of morbidity and mortality, only behind ischemic heart disease and stroke (GBD 2015 LRI Collaborators in Lancet Infect Dis 17(11):1133-1161, 2017). Developing countries are particularly impacted by these diseases. However, while many are infected with viruses such as RSV (> 90% of all individuals are infected by age 2), only sub-populations develop severe disease...
January 20, 2018: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352597/potential-drug-targets-in-the-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-cytochrome-p450-system
#2
REVIEW
Paul R Ortiz de Montellano
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome encodes twenty cytochrome P450 enzymes, most or all of which appear to have specific physiological functions rather than being devoted to the removal of xenobiotics. However, in many cases their specific functions remain obscure. Considerable spectroscopic, biophysical, crystallographic, and catalytic information is available on nine of these cytochrome P450 enzymes, although gaps exist in our knowledge of even these enzymes. The available evidence indicates that at least three of the better-characterized enzymes are promising targets for antituberculosis drug discovery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352446/mycobacterium-marinum-infection-in-zebrafish-and-microglia-imitates-the-early-stage-of-tuberculous-meningitis
#3
Zhan Chen, Xiao-Yi Shao, Chao Wang, Min-Hui Hua, Cheng-Niu Wang, Xin Wang, Qian-Jin Wang, Jin-Yi Yao, Yi-Hui Fan, Yong-Wei Qin
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) invading and activating microglia causes the most serious subtypes of tuberculosis called tubercular meningitis. However, the developmental process of tubercular meningitis, especially the early phase, is poorly understood due to lacking well-established and well-accepted visible models in vitro and in vivo. Here, consistent with one recent report, we found Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum) invade the zebrafish brain and subsequently cause granuloma-like structures...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352388/cutaneous-granulomatosis-a-comprehensive-review
#4
REVIEW
Benedetta Terziroli Beretta-Piccoli, Carlo Mainetti, Marie-Astrid Peeters, Emmanuel Laffitte
Cutaneous granulomatosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases, characterized by a skin inflammatory reaction triggered by a wide variety of stimuli, including infections, foreign bodies, malignancy, metabolites, and chemicals. From a pathogenic point of view, they are divided into non-infectious and infectious granulomas. Pathophysiological mechanisms are still poorly understood. Non-infectious granulomatous skin diseases include granuloma annulare, necrobiosis lipoidica, rheumatic nodules, foreign body granulomas, cutaneous sarcoidosis, and interstitial granulomatous dermatitis...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352107/mycolyltransferase-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-covalent-complex-with-tetrahydrolipstatin-provides-insights-into-antigen-85-catalysis
#5
Christopher M Goins, Steven Dajnowicz, Micholas D Smith, Jerry M Parks, Donald R Ronning
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Antigen 85 enzymes (Ag85s) catalyze the transfer of mycolic acid (MA) from trehalose monomycolate to produce the mycolyl arabinogalactan (mAG) or trehalose dimycolate (TDM). These lipids define the protective mycomembrane of Mycobacteria. The current model of substrate binding within the active sites of Ag85s for the production of TDM is not sterically and geometrically feasible; additionally, this model does not account for the production of mAG. Furthermore, this model does not address how Ag85s limit the hydrolysis of the acyl-enzyme intermediate while catalyzing acyl transfer...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349532/a-novel-approach-in-treatment-of-tuberculosis-by-targeting-drugs-to-infected-macrophages-using-biodegradable-nanoparticles
#6
REVIEW
Shivangi, Laxman S Meena
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis is now causing death of more than 10 million people. Because of the development of drug-resistant TB, drug delivery to the infected site through nanoparticle had been studied for long time. Nanoparticles indicate different sorts of association with the natural particles of the body. Nanoparticles can be used as controlled or specific drug delivery system. It can be through temporal controlled or can be distribution controlled. Glucose polymer-based nanoparticles might play an important role as drug delivery system in case of targeted drug delivery in the infected site of the body or in infected macrophages, as they are biodegradable so there should not be any side effects of these particles in the body and also they show very slow immune response...
January 19, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349420/common-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-secondary-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-treated-with-resection-and-reconstruction-with-saphenous-vein-graft
#7
Kalenda Kasangana, Michael Shih, Paul Saunders, Robert Rhee
Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms secondary to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection are exceedingly rare. Despite an uncommon location and offending pathogen, the treatment paradigm follows that of all mycotic aneurysms. We report the case of a right common carotid artery pseudoaneurysm caused by a tuberculous infection, successfully treated with antibiotics, resection, and autologous interposition graft.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348876/genome-wide-transcriptional-profiling-identifies-potential-signatures-in-discriminating-active-tuberculosis-from-latent-infection
#8
Liping Pan, Na Wei, Hongyan Jia, Mengqiu Gao, Xiaoyou Chen, Rongrong Wei, Qi Sun, Shuxiang Gu, Boping Du, Aiying Xing, Zongde Zhang
To better understand the host immune response involved in the progression from latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) to active tuberculosis (TB) and identify the potential signatures for discriminating TB from LTBI, we performed a genome-wide transcriptional profile of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.TB)-specific antigens-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with TB, LTBI individuals and healthy controls (HCs). A total of 209 and 234 differentially expressed genes were detected in TB vs...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348586/analogues-of-disulfides-from-allium-stipitatum-demonstrate-potent-anti-tubercular-activities-through-drug-efflux-pump-and-biofilm-inhibition
#9
Cynthia A Danquah, Eleftheria Kakagianni, Proma Khondkar, Arundhati Maitra, Mukhlesur Rahman, Dimitrios Evangelopoulos, Timothy D McHugh, Paul Stapleton, John Malkinson, Sanjib Bhakta, Simon Gibbons
Disulfides from Allium stipitatum, commonly known as Persian shallot, were previously reported to possess antibacterial properties. Analogues of these compounds, produced by S-methylthiolation of appropriate thiols using S-methyl methanethiosulfonate, exhibited antimicrobial activity, with one compound inhibiting the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at 17 µM (4 mg L-1) and other compounds inhibiting Escherichia coli and multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus aureus at concentrations ranging between 32-138 µM (8-32 mg L-1)...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348276/congenital-tuberculosis-presenting-as-otorrhoea-in-a-preterm-infant
#10
Jose Carlos Aldana-Aguirre, Hamdy El-Hakim, Ernest Phillipos, Marc-Antoine Landry
A premature infant of 25 weeks' gestational age presented at 8 weeks after birth with otorrhoea from the left ear. Following a course of topical and systemic antibiotics, the patient deteriorated developing facial nerve paralysis and cervical lymphadenitis. Contrast-enhanced CT and MRI of the head showed a destructive process of the left temporal bone. These findings prompted the clinicians to send swabs from the purulent discharge from the ear for acid-fast bacilli stain. Furthermore, surgical exploration and debridement were undertaken...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348166/clinical-evaluation-of-a-blood-assay-to-diagnose-paucibacillary-tuberculosis-via-bacterial-antigens
#11
Chang Liu, Christopher J Lyon, Yang Bu, Zaian Deng, Elisabetta Walters, Yan Li, Liqun Zhang, Anneke C Hesseling, Edward A Graviss, Ye Hu
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB)10 cases primarily relies on methods that detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) bacilli or their DNA in patient samples (e.g., mycobacterial culture and Xpert MTB/RIF assays), but these tests have low clinical sensitivity for patients with paucibacillary TB disease. Our goal was to evaluate the clinical performance of a newly developed assay that can rapidly diagnose active TB cases by direct detection of Mtb-derived antigens in patients' blood samples...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348046/synthesis-of-sulfamide-analogues-of-deoxthymidine-monophosphate-as-potential-inhibitors-of-mycobacterial-cell-wall-biosynthesis
#12
Kajitha Suthagar, Wanting Jiao, Hélène Munier-Lehmann, Antony J Fairbanks
The recently discovered enzyme Mycobacterium tuberculosis thymidine monophosphate kinase (TMPKmt), which catalyses the phosphorylation of deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) to give deoxythymidine diphosphate (dTDP), is indispensable for the growth and survival of M. tuberculosis as it plays an essential role in DNA synthesis. Inhibition of TMPKmt is an attractive avenue for the development of novel anti-tuberculosis agents. Based on the premise that sulfamide may be a suitable isostere of phosphate, deoxythymidine analogues comprising various substituted sulfamides at C5' were modelled in silico into the active site of TMPKmt (PDB accession code: 1N5K) using induced-fit docking methods...
January 11, 2018: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347843/combinatorial-design-and-virtual-screening-of-potent-anti-tubercular-fluoroquinolone-and-isothiazoloquinolone-compounds-utilizing-qsar-and-pharmacophore-modelling
#13
S Nandi, S Ahmed, A K Saxena
The virulence of tuberculosis infections resistant to conventional combination drug regimens cries for the design of potent fluoroquinolone compounds to be used as second line antimycobacterial chemotherapeutics. One of the most effective in silico methods is combinatorial design and high throughput screening by a ligand-based pharmacophore prior to experiment. The combinatorial design of a series of 3850 fluoroquinolone and isothiazoloquinolone compounds was then screened virtually by applying a topological descriptor based quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) for predicting highly active congeneric quinolone leads against Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium smegmatis...
February 2018: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346642/rnase7-but-not-psoriasin-nor-spla2-iia-associates-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-during-airway-epithelial-cells-infection
#14
Flor Torres-Juarez, Lousseine Touqui, Juan Leon-Contreras, Cesar Rivas-Santiago, Jose A Enciso-Moreno, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Bruno Rivas-Santiago
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Innate immunity is the first line of defense against Mtb and malfunctions in any of its components is associated with the susceptibility to the disease. Epithelial products, such as host defence peptides (HDP) are the first molecules produced to counteract the infection. Although a wide variety of HDP are produced by epithelial cells only few of them have been studied during Mtb infection. Here, we assessed the expression and production of the HDPs: psoriasin, sPLA2-IIA and RNase 7 in airway epithelial cells (NCI-H292), type II pneumocytes (A549 cells) and monocytes-derived macrophages from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (bMDM) and from the human cell line THP1(MDM) after Mtb in vitro infection...
January 16, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346413/genetic-diversity-and-potential-routes-of-transmission-of-mycobacterium-bovis-in-mozambique
#15
Adelina Machado, Teresa Rito, Solomon Ghebremichael, Nuelma Muhate, Gabriel Maxhuza, Custodia Macuamule, Ivania Moiane, Baltazar Macucule, Angelica Suzana Marranangumbe, Jorge Baptista, Joaquim Manguele, Tuija Koivula, Elizabeth Maria Streicher, Robin Mark Warren, Gunilla Kallenius, Paul van Helden, Margarida Correia-Neves
Bovine tuberculosis is a zoonotic disease with largely unknown impact in Africa, with risk factors such as HIV and direct contact with animals or consumption of Mycobacterium bovis infected animal products. In order to understand and quantify this risk and design intervention strategies, good epidemiological studies are needed. Such studies can include molecular typing of M. bovis isolates. The aim of this study was to apply these tools to provide novel information concerning the distribution of bovine tuberculosis in cattle in Mozambique and thereby provide relevant information to guide policy development and strategies to contain the disease in livestock, and reduce the risk associated with transmission to humans...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345920/acetylation-by-eis-and-deacetylation-by-rv1151c-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-hupb-biochemical-and-structural-insight
#16
Keith D Green, Tapan Biswas, Allan H Pang, Melisa J Willby, Matthew S Reed, Olga Stuchlik, Jan Pohl, James E Posey, Oleg V Tsodikov, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova
Bacterial nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs) are critical to genome integrity and chromosome maintenance. Post-translational modifications of bacterial NAPs appear to function similarly to their better studied mammalian counterparts. The histone-like NAP HupB from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) was previously observed to be acetylated by the acetyltransferase Eis, leading to genome reorganization. We report biochemical and structural aspects of acetylation of HupB by Eis. We also found that the SirT-family NAD+-dependent deacetylase Rv1151c from Mtb deacetylated HupB in vitro and characterized the deacetylation kinetics...
January 18, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345365/deletion-of-bcg-hip1-protease-enhances-dendritic-cell-and-cd4-t-cell-responses
#17
Erica Bizzell, Jonathan Kevin Sia, Melanie Quezada, Ana Enriquez, Maria Georgieva, Jyothi Rengarajan
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in the generation of CD4 T cell responses to pathogens. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) harbors immune evasion mechanisms that impair DC responses and prevent optimal CD4 T cell immunity. The vaccine strain Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) shares many of the immune evasion proteins utilized by Mtb, but the role of these proteins in DC and T cell responses elicited by BCG is poorly understood. We previously reported that the Mtb serine protease, Hip1, promotes sub-optimal DC responses during infection...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345364/the-n-terminal-peptide-moiety-of-the-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-19-kda-lipoprotein-harbors-rp105-agonistic-properties
#18
Thomas E Schultz, Karl-Heinz Wiesmüller, Megan Lucas, Karen M Dobos, Alan G Baxter, Antje Blumenthal
Radioprotective 105 kDa (RP105, CD180) is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family that interacts with TLR2 and facilitates recognition of mature lipoproteins expressed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis BCG. In this study, we used synthetic lipopeptide analogs of the M. tuberculosis 19 kDa lipoprotein to define structural characteristics that promote RP105-mediated host cell responses. A tripalmitoylated lipopeptide composed of the first 16 N-terminal amino acids of the M. tuberculosis 19 kDa lipoprotein induced RP105-dependent TNF and IL-6 production by macrophages...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345343/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-rewiring-host-cell-signaling-to-promote-infection
#19
REVIEW
Michael D Stutz, Michelle P Clark, Marcel Doerflinger, Marc Pellegrini
The ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to cause disease hinges upon successfully thwarting the innate defenses of the macrophage host cell. The pathogen's trump card is its armory of virulence factors that throw normal host cell signaling into disarray. This process of subverting the macrophage begins upon entry into the cell, when M. tuberculosis actively inhibits the fusion of the bacilli-laden phagosomes with lysosomes. The pathogen then modulates an array of host signal transduction pathways, which dampens the macrophage's host-protective cytokine response, while simultaneously adapting host cell metabolism to stimulate lipid body accumulation...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345292/preparation-and-characterization-of-the-antibody-recognizing-amacr-inside-its-catalytic-center
#20
Boris V Popov, Gleb I Sutula, Nikolay S Petrov, Ximing J Yang
Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) catalyzes the β-oxidation of fatty acids and is overexpressed in carcinomas in various organs, while its inactivation results in the inhibition of cancer growth. In the present study, we prepared and characterized 20 different mouse monoclonal antibodies against human AMACR. In the course of biopanning of a phage peptide commercial library against in-house prepared 6H9 and 2A5, and commercial 13H4 antibodies, 10 phage mimotopes recognized by each type of the antibody were selected...
February 2018: International Journal of Oncology
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