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Maria S Yusseppone, Iara Rocchetta, Sebastian E Sabatini, Carlos M Luquet, Maria Del Carmen Ríos de Molina, Christoph Held, Doris Abele
Hypoxia in freshwater ecosystems is spreading as a consequence of global change, including pollution and eutrophication. In the Patagonian Andes, a decline in precipitation causes reduced lake water volumes and stagnant conditions that limit oxygen transport and exacerbate hypoxia below the upper mixed layer. We analyzed the molecular and biochemical response of the North Patagonian bivalve Diplodon chilensis after 10 days of experimental anoxia (<0.2 mg O2 /L), hypoxia (2 mg O2 /L), and normoxia (9 mg O2 /L)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Weihua Hou, Ping Wei, Jianlan Xie, Yuanyuan Zheng, Yanlin Zhang, Xiaoge Zhou
This study concerning mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) investigated retrospectively an association between patient prognosis and the percentage of the total number of lymphoma cells found in the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) meshwork, that is, the degree of overlap of lymphoma cells. Two hundred and nine MCL patients were apportioned to grades I-III, in which the CD21-positive FDC meshwork covered ≤50%, 51%-89%, and ≥90% of the tumor area, respectively. Significant differences among the grades (all, P < 0...
February 21, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Letizia Zullo, Ambra Buschiazzo, Michela Massollo, Mattia Riondato, Alessia Democrito, Cecilia Marini, Fabio Benfenati, Gianmario Sambuceti
This study aimed at developing a method for administration of18 F-Fludeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) in the common octopus and micro-positron emission tomography (micro-PET) bio-distribution assay for the characterization of glucose metabolism in body organs and regenerating tissues. Methods: Seven animals (two with one regenerating arm) were anesthetized with 3.7% MgCl2 in artificial seawater. Each octopus was injected with 18-30 MBq of isosmotic18 F-FDG by accessing the branchial heart or the anterior vena cava. After an uptake time of ~50 minutes, the animal was sacrificed, placed on a bed of a micro-PET scanner and submitted to 10 min static 3-4 bed acquisitions to visualize the entire body...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Madeliene Parrott, Simon Rule
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare but often aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Initial therapy can achieve high response rates but invariably patients relapse and die from their disease. Incorporating a maintenance phase into the treatment strategy may prolong remission duration and ultimately prolong survival. Areas covered: The current literature incorporating a maintenance phase into treatment strategies for newly diagnosed and pre-treated MCL patients has been summarized. A literature search was performed using search terms "mantle cell lymphoma", "indolent NHL", "maintenance", "interferon", "rituximab", "lenalidomide", "bortezomib" and "ibrutinib"...
March 9, 2018: Expert Review of Hematology
Nadia Khan, Brad Kahl
Resistance to apoptosis is one of the hallmarks of cancer and members of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family of proteins are central regulators of apoptosis. Many cancers become resistant to chemotherapy and apoptosis by up-regulating BCL-2 and other family members, making these proteins attractive targets for cancer therapy. Venetoclax is an orally administered, small-molecule apoptosis stimulant that targets BCL-2 proteins by acting as a BCL-2 homology domain 3 (BH3) mimetic. The drug is approved in the USA and EU as a monotherapy for the for the treatment of certain patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and is in phase III clinical development for multiple myeloma (MM), and in phase II or I/II clinical trials for acute myeloid leukemia, and several B-cell malignancies, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia, follicular lymphoma, and mantle-cell lymphoma...
March 8, 2018: Targeted Oncology
Małgorzata Szostakowska, Michał Szymczyk, Kalina Badowska, Barbara Tudek, Anna Fabisiewicz
The main cause of death in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients is relapse due to undetermined minimal residual disease (MRD) and therefore monitoring MRD is crucial for making the best treatment decisions. The gold standard method for MRD analysis is the quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The most commonly used molecular markers for measuring MRD in MCL are: t(11;14)(q13;p32) translocation or CCND1 expression and IGH rearrangement. Such markers can, however, be found in other B cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas...
March 8, 2018: Medical Oncology
Masanori Tachikawa, Hidetoh Toki, Masahiko Watanabe, Masatoshi Tomi, Ken-Ichi Hosoya, Tetsuya Terasaki
The A-subclass of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is a highly conserved superfamily of potent lipid transporters. Although the ABCA1-like subgroup of ABCA1-4, and A7 have been shown to mediate the transport of endogenous lipids, the roles of the ABCA6-like subgroup transporters, which have been identified as a unique gene cluster on human chromosome 17q24 (ABCA5, A6, A8, A9, and A10) and mouse chromosome 11 (Abca5, a6, a8a, a8b, and a9), remains largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the spatial and temporal expression profiles of Abca6-like subgroup transporters in embryonic and postnatal mouse brains by a combination of in situ hybridization and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using magnetically isolated brain vascular endothelial cells...
March 8, 2018: Anatomical Science International
Qiang Qiu, James D P Moore, Sylvain Barbot, Lujia Feng, Emma M Hill
Understanding the rheological properties of the upper mantle is essential to develop a consistent model of mantle dynamics and plate tectonics. However, the spatial distribution and temporal evolution of these properties remain unclear. Here, we infer the rheological properties of the asthenosphere across multiple great megathrust earthquakes between 2004 and 2014 along the Sumatran subduction zone, taking advantage of decade-long continuous GPS and tide-gauge measurements. We observe transient mantle wedge flow following these earthquakes, and infer the temporal evolution of the effective viscosity...
March 8, 2018: Nature Communications
Yu Wang, Tomoyoshi Yoshinaga, Naoki Itoh
In order to understand interactions between Perkinsus olseni and its host mollusk species Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum, this study focused on invasion processes of the parasite, particularly the mechanisms of zoospore transformation to trophozoites in its portal entry into the host. We exposed Manila clam to P. olseni zoospores, then periodically quantified parasite intensity in various host organs and tissues. We detected large numbers of parasite cells within gills and labial palps of the host clam from the early to the final stages, moderately within mantle and digestive organs but low numbers within hemolymph, foot and adductor muscles...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Yuk-Ting Lau, Laura Gambino, Bianca Santos, Emmanuelle Pales Espinosa, Bassem Allam
We have recently described the presence of hemocytes associated with mucus covering the pallial organs (mantle, gills, and body wall) 3 of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica. These hemocytes, hereby designated "pallial hemocytes" share common general characteristics with circulating hemocytes but also display significant differences particularly in their cell surface epitopes. The specific location of pallial hemocytes as peripheral cells exposed directly to the marine environment confers them a putative sentinel role...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Yu Liu, Peng Zhang, Weilin Wang, Miren Dong, Min Wang, Changhao Gong, Zhihao Jia, Zhaoqun Liu, Anguo Zhang, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
DM9 is a novel protein domain with unknown function originally discovered in Drosophila melanogaster. Recently, a protein harboring DM9 repeats was identified as mannose-specific lectin (CgCGL1, renamed as CgDM9CP-1) from the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. In the present study, another DM9 containing protein was identified from oyster C. gigas (designated as CgDM9CP-2). The open reading frame of CgDM9CP-2 gene was of 432 bp, encoding a polypeptide of 143 amino acids with two tandem DM9 repeats. The deduced amino acid sequence of CgDM9CP-2 shared 60...
March 5, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
F Nestola, N Korolev, M Kopylova, N Rotiroti, D G Pearson, M G Pamato, M Alvaro, L Peruzzo, J J Gurney, A E Moore, J Davidson
Laboratory experiments and seismology data have created a clear theoretical picture of the most abundant minerals that comprise the deeper parts of the Earth's mantle. Discoveries of some of these minerals in 'super-deep' diamonds-formed between two hundred and about one thousand kilometres into the lower mantle-have confirmed part of this picture. A notable exception is the high-pressure perovskite-structured polymorph of calcium silicate (CaSiO3 ). This mineral-expected to be the fourth most abundant in the Earth-has not previously been found in nature...
March 7, 2018: Nature
Chuan-Gao Xie, Xiao-Ming Xu, Shu-Mei Wei
BACKGROUND Multiple lymphomatous polyposis of the gastrointestinal tract can be associated with the B-cell lymphoma variant, mantle cell lymphoma, with most cases having been described in patients who are more than 50 years-of-age. A rare case of multiple lymphomatous polyposis due to mantle cell lymphoma is reported in a 34-year-old man. CASE REPORT A 34-year-old man presented with paroxysmal abdominal pain followed by spontaneous remission, which had been previously diagnosed as gastritis. An episode of ileocecal intussusception occurred, which was confirmed on imaging studies...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Giuseppe Boriani, Paolo Corradini, Antonio Cuneo, Anna Falanga, Robin Foà, Gianluca Gaidano, Paolo Prospero Ghia, Maurizio Martelli, Roberto Marasca, Massimo Massaia, Francesca Romana Mauro, Giorgio Minotti, Stefano Molica, Marco Montillo, Antonio Pinto, Alessandra Tedeschi, Umberto Vitolo, Pier Luigi Zinzani
The Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib (IB) has attained an important role in the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, mantle cell lymphoma, and Waldenström macroglobulinemia, significantly improving clinical outcomes. However, IB therapy has been associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and bleeding. We report on the expert opinion that a group of Italian haematologists, cardiologists, and pharmacologists jointly released to improve the practical management of patients at risk for AF and bleeding during treatment with IB...
March 7, 2018: Hematological Oncology
M D Ruiz, A Iriel, M S Yusseppone, N Ortiz, P Di Salvatore, A Fernández Cirelli, M C Ríos de Molina, J A Calcagno, S E Sabatini
This study investigated metal accumulation and oxidative effects in mantle, gill and digestive gland of the ribbed mussel Aulacomya atra from the Argentinean North Patagonian coastline. Mussels were transplanted over an 18-month period from a site with low anthropogenic impact to a harbor site with higher seawater concentration of aluminum, chromium, copper, manganese, nickel and zinc. Total trace metal concentration in seawater did not change throughout the 18-month transplant in either site. A. atra bioaccumulated metals in digestive gland, gills and mantle at different levels...
March 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Tilly Varughese, Ying Taur, Nina Cohen, M Lia Palomba, Susan K Seo, Tobias M Hohl, Gil Redelman-Sidi
Background: Ibrutinib is a Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is used for the treatment of lymphoid malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Waldenström's macroglobulinemia and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Several case series have described opportunistic infections among ibrutinib recipients, but the full extent of these infections is unknown. We sought to determine the spectrum of serious infections associated with ibrutinib treatment. Methods: We reviewed the electronic medical records of patients with lymphoid malignancies at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center who received ibrutinib during a five-year period from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Zhen Liu, Jorge Botana, Andreas Hermann, Steven Valdez, Eva Zurek, Dadong Yan, Hai-Qing Lin, Mao-Sheng Miao
Until very recently, helium had remained the last naturally occurring element that was known not to form stable solid compounds. Here we propose and demonstrate that there is a general driving force for helium to react with ionic compounds that contain an unequal number of cations and anions. The corresponding reaction products are stabilized not by local chemical bonds but by long-range Coulomb interactions that are significantly modified by the insertion of helium atoms, especially under high pressure. This mechanism also explains the recently discovered reactivity of He and Na under pressure...
March 5, 2018: Nature Communications
Li Zhang, Hongsheng Yuan, Yue Meng, Ho-Kwang Mao
A deep lower-mantle (DLM) water reservoir depends on availability of hydrous minerals which can store and transport water into the DLM without dehydration. Recent discoveries found hydrous phases AlOOH ( Z = 2) with a CaCl2 -type structure and FeOOH ( Z = 4) with a cubic pyrite-type structure stable under the high-pressure-temperature ( P-T ) conditions of the DLM. Our experiments at 107-136 GPa and 2,400 K have further demonstrated that (Fe,Al)OOH is stabilized in a hexagonal lattice. By combining powder X-ray-diffraction techniques with multigrain indexation, we are able to determine this hexagonal hydrous phase with a = 10...
March 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Dandan Yang, Shaoshuai Liang, Qiankun Yang, Danwen Liu, Zhenkui Qin, Zhifeng Zhang
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is an important transcription factor involving in formation and maintenance of muscles in mammals. However, no data are available on KLF4 function in shellfish muscles which play vital roles in the movement, stress response, and physiology in shellfish. In the present study, we revealed that the Klf4 mRNA of Zhikong scallop Chlamys farreri was expressed in most tissues, which has high level in adductor muscle, mantle, kidney, and testis. Positive signals of the Klf4 mRNA and protein were visible in all skeletal muscle fibers of adductor muscle, and all the cells of C...
March 3, 2018: Development Genes and Evolution
Valerio Matozzo, Carlo Ercolini, Laura Serracca, Roberta Battistini, Irene Rossini, Giulia Granato, Elisabetta Quaglieri, Alberto Perolo, Livio Finos, Giuseppe Arcangeli, Daniela Bertotto, Giuseppe Radaelli, Bruno Chollet, Isabelle Arzul, Francesco Quaglio
The Gulf of La Spezia (northern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy) is a commercially important area both as a shipping port and for mussel farming. Recently, there has been increased concern over environmental disturbances caused by anthropogenic activities such as ship traffic and dredging and the effects they have on the health of farmed mussels. This paper reports the results of microbiological and histological analyses, as well as of measurement of several biomarkers which were performed to assess the health status of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from four rearing sites in the Gulf of La Spezia...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
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