Read by QxMD icon Read

anjiang tan

Zhiqian Li, Lang You, Dong Yan, Anthony A James, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
Sex determination is a hierarchically-regulated process with high diversity in different organisms including insects. The W chromosome-derived Fem piRNA has been identified as the primary sex determination factor in the lepidopteran insect, Bombyx mori, revealing a distinctive piRNA-mediated sex determination pathway. However, the comprehensive mechanism of silkworm sex determination is still poorly understood. We show here that the silkworm PIWI protein BmSiwi, but not BmAgo3, is essential for silkworm sex determination...
February 2018: PLoS Genetics
Xi'en Chen, Yanghui Cao, Shuai Zhan, Yong Zhang, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
The yellow gene family has been identified in several model insects, but yellow genes were poorly identified in non-model insects and the functions of yellow genes are largely unknown. In this study, we identified seven yellow genes in an important agricultural pest Agrotis ipsilon. Each gene encodes a protein containing a major royal jelly domain. Phylogenetic analysis defined these genes as yellow-y, -b, -b2, -c, -d, -e, and -h, respectively. The A. ipsilon yellow genes yellow-b, -b2, and -c were stably expressed in all developmental stages and tissues analyzed, whereas the other four yellow genes had unique expression patterns, suggesting distinct physiological roles of each gene...
March 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Zulian Liu, Lin Ling, Jun Xu, Baosheng Zeng, Yongping Huang, Peng Shang, Anjiang Tan
MicroRNAs (miRNA) regulate multiple physiological processes including development and metamorphosis in insects. In the current study, we demonstrate that a conserved invertebrate miRNA-14 (miR-14) plays an important role in ecdysteroid regulated development in the silkworm Bombyx mori, a lepidopteran model insect. Ubiquitous transgenic overexpression of miR-14 using the GAL4/UAS system resulted in delayed silkworm larval development and smaller body size of larva and pupa with decrease in ecdysteriod titers...
February 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Baosheng Zeng, Yuping Huang, Jun Xu, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Hua Bai, Subba Reddy Palli, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
Forkhead box O (FOXO) functions as the terminal transcription factor of the insulin signaling pathway and regulates multiple physiological processes in many organisms, including lifespan in insects. However, how FOXO interacts with hormone signaling to modulate insect growth and development is largely unknown. Here, using the transgene-based CRISPR/Cas9 system, we generated and characterized mutants of the silkworm Bombyx mori FOXO ( BmFOXO ) to elucidate its physiological functions during development of this lepidopteran insect...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Shuqing Chen, Chengxiang Hou, Honglun Bi, Yueqiang Wang, Jun Xu, Muwang Li, Anthony A James, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
We developed a novel antiviral strategy by combining transposon-based transgenesis and the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 (Cas9) system for the direct cleavage of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) genome DNA to promote virus clearance in silkworms. We demonstrate that transgenic silkworms constitutively expressing Cas9 and guide RNAs targeting the BmNPV immediate early-1 ( ie-1 ) and me53 genes effectively induce target-specific cleavage and subsequent mutagenesis, especially large (∼7-kbp) segment deletions in BmNPV genomes, and thus exhibit robust suppression of BmNPV proliferation...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
Jun Xu, Shuqing Chen, Baosheng Zeng, Anthony A James, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
Manipulation of sex determination pathways in insects provides the basis for a wide spectrum of strategies to benefit agriculture and public health. Furthermore, insects display a remarkable diversity in the genetic pathways that lead to sex differentiation. The silkworm, Bombyx mori, has been cultivated by humans as a beneficial insect for over two millennia, and more recently as a model system for studying lepidopteran genetics and development. Previous studies have identified the B. mori Fem piRNA as the primary female determining factor and BmMasc as its downstream target, while the genetic scenario for male sex determination was still unclear...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
Zhongjie Zhang, Xiaojing Liu, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Zhisheng Wang, Xia Xu, Yongping Huang, Muwang Li, Kai Li, Anjiang Tan
Two major hormones, juvenile hormone (JH) and 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), regulate insect growth and development according to their precisely coordinated titres, which are controlled by both biosynthesis and degradation pathways. Juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) is the primary JH-specific degradation enzyme that plays a key role in regulating JH titers, along with JH epoxide hydrolase (JHEH) and JH diol kinase (JHDK). In the current study, a loss-of-function analysis of JHE in the silkworm, Bombyx mori, was performed by targeted gene disruption using the transgenic CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/RNA-guided Cas9 nucleases) system...
February 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Jun Xu, Shuai Zhan, Shuqing Chen, Baosheng Zeng, Zhiqian Li, Anthony A James, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
The DM domain genes, doublesex (dsx) in insects, or their structural homologs, male abnormal 3 (mab-3) in nematodes and Dmrt1 (doublesex and mab-3-related transcription factor 1) in mammals, are downstream regulators of the sex determination pathway that control sexually dimorphic development. Despite the functional importance of dsx and its potential applications in sterile insect technologies (SITs), the mechanisms by which it controls sexually dimorphic traits and the subsequent developmental gene networks in insects are poorly understood...
January 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Hong-Lun Bi, Jun Xu, An-Jiang Tan, Yong-Ping Huang
Custom-designed nuclease technologies such as the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-associated (Cas) system provide attractive genome editing tools for insect functional genetics. The targeted gene mutagenesis mediated by the CRISPR/Cas9 system has been achieved in several insect orders including Diptera, Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. However, little success has been reported in agricultural pests due to the lack of genomic information and embryonic microinjection techniques in these insect species...
June 2016: Insect Science
Baosheng Zeng, Shuai Zhan, Yueqiang Wang, Yuping Huang, Jun Xu, Qun Liu, Zhiqian Li, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has been proven as a revolutionary genome engineering tool. In most cases, single guide RNA (sgRNA) targeting sites have been designed as GN19NGG or GGN18NGG, because of restriction of the initiation nucleotide for RNA Pol III promoters. Here, we demonstrate that the U6 promoter from a lepidopteran model insect, Bombyx mori, effectively expressed the sgRNA initiated with any nucleotide bases (adenine, thymine, guanine or cytosine), which further expands the CRISPR targeting space. A detailed expansion index in the genome was analysed when N20NGG was set as the CRISPR targeting site instead of GN19NGG, and revealed a significant increase of suitable targets, with the highest increase occurring on the Z sex chromosome...
May 2016: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Zhongjie Zhang, Abu F M Aslam, Xiaojing Liu, Muwang Li, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
Recently established, custom-designed nuclease technologies such as the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-associated system provide attractive genome editing tools. Targeted gene mutagenesis using the CRISPR/Cas9 system has been achieved in several orders of insects. However, outside of studies on Drosophila melanogaster and the lepidopteron model insect Bombyx mori, little success has been reported, which is largely due to a lack of effective genetic manipulation tools that can be used in other insect orders...
August 2015: Journal of Insect Physiology
Zhiqian Li, Lang You, Baosheng Zeng, Lin Ling, Jun Xu, Xu Chen, Zhongjie Zhang, Subba Reddy Palli, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
Metamorphosis in insects includes a series of programmed tissue histolysis and remolding processes that are controlled by two major classes of hormones, juvenile hormones and ecdysteroids. Precise pulses of ecdysteroids (the most active ecdysteroid is 20-hydroxyecdysone, 20E), are regulated by both biosynthesis and metabolism. In this study, we show that ecdysone oxidase (EO), a 20E inactivation enzyme, expresses predominantly in the midgut during the early pupal stage in the lepidopteran model insect, Bombyx mori...
June 22, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Lin Ling, Xie Ge, Zhiqian Li, Baosheng Zeng, Jun Xu, Xu Chen, Peng Shang, Anthony A James, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are post-transcriptional regulators that target specific mRNAs for repression and thus play key roles in many biological processes, including insect wing morphogenesis. miR-2 is an invertebrate-specific miRNA family that has been predicted in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to be involved in regulating the Notch signaling pathway. We show here that miR-2 plays a critical role in wing morphogenesis in the silkworm, Bombyx mori, a lepidopteran model insect. Transgenic over-expression of a miR-2 cluster using a Gal4/UAS system results in deformed adult wings, supporting the conclusion that miR-2 regulates functions essential for normal wing morphogenesis...
2015: RNA Biology
Zhiqian Li, Baosheng Zeng, Lin Ling, Jun Xu, Lang You, Abu F M Aslam, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
RNA interference has been described as a powerful genetic tool for gene functional analysis and a promising approach for pest management. However, RNAi efficiency varies significantly among insect species due to distinct RNAi machineries. Lepidopteran insects include a large number of pests as well as model insects, such as the silkworm, Bombyx mori. However, only limited success of in vivo RNAi has been reported in lepidoptera, particularly during the larval stages when the worms feed the most and do the most harm to the host plant...
2015: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Yueqiang Wang, Anjiang Tan, Jun Xu, Zhiqian Li, Baosheng Zeng, Lin Ling, Lang You, Yazhou Chen, Anthony A James, Yongping Huang
Transposon-based genetic transformation has facilitated insect functional genomics and new strategies of pest management. However, there is a need for alternative, site-specific approaches to overcome limitations of random integration (and associated position-effects) and potential instability of inserted transgenes. Here we describe a transposon-free, site-specific genetic transformation system mediated by transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) in the silkworm, Bombyx mori, a lepidopteran model insect...
December 2014: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Zhiqian Li, Xie Ge, Lin Ling, Baosheng Zeng, Jun Xu, Abu F M Aslam, Lang You, Subba Reddy Palli, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
Insect development and metamorphosis are regulated by two major hormones, juvenile hormone and ecdysteroids. Despite being the key regulator of insect developmental transitions, the metabolic pathway of the primary steroid hormone, 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), especially its inactivation pathway, is still not completely elucidated. A cytochrome P450 enzyme, CYP18A1, has been shown to play key roles in insect steroid hormone inactivation through 26-hydroxylation. Here, we identified two CYP18 (BmCYP18A1 and BmCYP18B1) orthologs in the lepidopteran model insect, Bombyx mori...
November 2014: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Yazhou Chen, Muwang Li, Iftakher Islam, Lang You, Yueqiang Wang, Zhiqian Li, Lin Ling, Baosheng Zeng, Jun Xu, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
Understanding the mechanism of Bt resistance is one of the key elements of the effective application of Bt in pest control. The lepidopteran model insect, the silkworm, demonstrates qualities that make it an ideal species to use in achieving this understanding. We screened 45 strains of silkworm (Bombyx mori) using a Cry1Ab toxin variant. The sensitivity levels of the strains varied over a wide range. A resistant strain (P50) and a phylogenetically related susceptible strain (Dazao) were selected to profile the expressions of 12 Bt resistance-related genes...
November 2014: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Lin Ling, Xie Ge, Zhiqian Li, Baosheng Zeng, Jun Xu, Abu F M Aslam, Qisheng Song, Peng Shang, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, non-coding, regulatory RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'UTRs of mRNA targets and thus cause their degradation or translational inhibition. In insects, important roles of miRNAs in various biological processes have been demonstrated in Drosophila melanogaster. However, biological roles of miRNAs are barely unveiled in the majority of insect species due to limited genetic tools. In the present study, we introduce the transgenic miRNA sponge (miR-SP) technology combining with the binary GAL4/UAS system in the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, to exploit the biological function of an evolutionally conserved miRNA, let-7...
October 2014: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Zhiqian Li, Jianhao Jiang, Yazhou Chen, Lang You, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan, Zhiqian Li, Jianhao Jiang, Baolong Niu, Zhiqi Meng
The PAR-domain protein 1 (PDP1) is essential for locomotor activity of insects. However, its functions in insect growth and development have not been studied extensively, which prompted our hypothesis that PDP1 acts in energy metabolism. Here we report identification of TcPDP1 in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, and its functional analysis by RNAi. Treating larvae with dsTcPDP1 induced pupae developmental arrestment, accompanied by accelerated fat body degradation. dsTcPDP1 treatments in adults resulted in reduced female fecundity...
March 2014: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Hui Xiang, Xin Li, Fangyin Dai, Xun Xu, Anjiang Tan, Lei Chen, Guojie Zhang, Yun Ding, Qiye Li, Jinmin Lian, Andrew Willden, Qiuhong Guo, Qingyou Xia, Jun Wang, Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: In contrast to wild species, which have typically evolved phenotypes over long periods of natural selection, domesticates rapidly gained human-preferred agronomic traits in a relatively short-time frame via artificial selection. Under domesticated conditions, many traits can be observed that cannot only be due to environmental alteration. In the case of silkworms, aside from genetic divergence, whether epigenetic divergence played a role in domestication is an unanswered question...
September 23, 2013: BMC Genomics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"