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Taurine AND Transcription factor

Szu Yuan Li, Katalin Susztak
An increasing amount of evidence suggests that metabolic alterations play a key role in chronic kidney disease (CKD) pathogenesis. In this issue of the JCI, Long et al. report that the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) taurine-upregulated 1 (Tug1) contributes to CKD development. The authors show that Tug1 regulates mitochondrial function in podocytes by epigenetic targeting of expression of the transcription factor PPARγ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α, encoded by Ppargc1a). Transgenic overexpression of Tug1 specifically in podocytes ameliorated diabetes-induced CKD in mice...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Bin Dai, Jinqiu Zhang, Ming Liu, Jinye Lu, Yuanshu Zhang, Yuanyuan Xu, Jinfeng Miao, Yulong Yin
To provide insight into the mechanisms of taurine attenuation of pro-inflammatory response in mouse mammary epithelial cell line (EpH4-Ev, purchased by ATCC, USA) after Streptococcus uberis (S. uberis, 0140J) challenge, we infected MECs with S. uberis (2.5×10(7)cfumL(-1), MOI=10) for 3h and quantified changes in TLR-2 and calcium (Ca(2+)) mediated signaling pathways. The results indicate that S. uberis infection significantly increases the expression of TLR-2, intracellular Ca(2+) levels, PLC-γ1 and PKC-α, the activities of transcription factors NF-κB and NFAT, and related cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, G-CSF, IL-2, KC, IL-15, FasL, MCP-1, and LIX) in culture supernatants...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Boel De Paepe, Jean-Jacques Martin, Sandrine Herbelet, Cecilia Jimenez-Mallebrera, Estibaliz Iglesias, Cristina Jou, Joachim Weis, Jan L De Bleecker
Alongside well-known nuclear factor κB (NFκB) and its associated cytokine networks, nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5), the master regulator of cellular osmoprotective programs, comes forward as an inflammatory regulator. To gain insight into its yet unexplored role in muscle disease, we studied the expression of NFAT5 target proteins involved in osmolyte accumulation: aldose reductase (AR), taurine transporter (TauT), and sodium myo-inositol co-transporter (SMIT). We analyzed idiopathic inflammatory myopathy and Duchenne muscular dystrophy muscle biopsies and myotubes in culture, using immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting...
August 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Yanan Zhang, Dongliang Li, Haiou Li, Dailiang Hou, Jingdong Hou
Isoflurane, a commonly used inhalation anesthetic, may induce neurocognitive deficits, especially in elderly patients after surgery. Recent study demonstrated that isoflurane caused endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and subsequent neuronal apoptosis in the brain, contributing to cognitive deficits. Taurine, a major intracellular free amino acid, has been shown to inhibit ER stress and neuronal apoptosis in several neurological disorders. Here, we examined whether taurine can prevent isoflurane-induced ER stress and cognitive impairment in aged rats...
October 2016: Neurochemical Research
Ian M Johnston, Jonathan D Nolan, Sanjeev S Pattni, Richard N Appleby, Justine H Zhang, Sarah L Kennie, Gaganjit K Madhan, Sina Jameie-Oskooei, Shivani Pathmasrirengam, Jeremy Lin, Albert Hong, Peter H Dixon, Catherine Williamson, Julian R F Walters
OBJECTIVES: Chronic diarrhea caused by primary bile acid diarrhea (PBAD) is a common condition. We have previously shown PBAD is associated with low fasting serum levels of the ileal hormone, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19). FGF19 is a negative regulator of hepatic bile acid synthesis and is stimulated by farnesoid X receptor agonists, which produce symptomatic improvement in PBAD. We aimed to assess possible causes for low serum FGF19 in patients with PBAD. METHODS: Patients with PBAD, defined by reduced (75)Se-labelled homocholic acid taurine (SeHCAT) retention, and idiopathic diarrhea controls had measurements of fasting lipids and fasting/post-prandial FGF19 serum profiles...
March 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Qunzheng Wu, Xiang Zhang, Mingwei Zhong, Haifeng Han, Shaozhuang Liu, Teng Liu, Meng Wei, Wei Guo, Haibin Xie, Sanyuan Hu, Guangyong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Serum bile acids (BAs) are elevated following bariatric surgery and have emerged as a potential glucose-lowering beneficial factor. The change of BA components and its underlying mechanisms may be of great significance during bariatric surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of different bariatric procedures on serum BA composition and explore the potential mechanisms using a diabetic rat model. METHODS: Duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and sham operation were performed in diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ)...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
D B R K Gupta Udatha, Evangelos Topakas, Margarita Salazar, Lisbeth Olsson, Mikael R Andersen, Gianni Panagiotou
BACKGROUND: The gene expression and secretion of fungal lignocellulolytic enzymes are tightly controlled at the transcription level using independent mechanisms to respond to distinct inducers from plant biomass. An advanced systems-level understanding of transcriptional regulatory networks is required to rationally engineer filamentous fungi for more efficient bioconversion of different types of biomass. RESULTS: In this study we focused on ten chemically defined inducers to drive expression of cellulases, hemicellulases and accessory enzymes in the model filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae and shed light on the complex network of transcriptional activators required...
2015: BMC Systems Biology
Bing Ma, Meng Li, Lei Zhang, Ming Huang, Jun-Bin Lei, Gui-Hong Fu, Chun-Xin Liu, Qi-Wen Lai, Qing-Quan Chen, Yi-Lian Wang
The pathogenesis of osteosarcoma involves complex genetic and epigenetic factors. This study was to explore the impact and clinical relevance of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), Taurine up-regulated gene 1 (TUG1) on patients with osteosarcoma. Seventy-six osteosarcoma tissues and matched adjacent normal tissues were included for analysis. The plasma samples were obtained from 29 patients with osteosarcoma at pre-operation and post-operation, 42 at newly diagnosed, 18 who experienced disease progression or relapse, 45 post-treatment, 36 patients with benign bone tumor, and 20 healthy donors...
April 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Ming-De Huang, Wen-Ming Chen, Fu-Zhen Qi, Ming Sun, Tong-Peng Xu, Pei Ma, Yong-Qian Shu
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide, and the biology of this cancer remains poorly understood. Recent evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are found to be dysregulated in a variety of cancers, including HCC. Taurine Up-regulated Gene 1 (TUG1), a 7.1-kb lncRNA, recruiting and binding to polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), is found to be disregulated in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC)...
2015: Molecular Cancer
Hyun-Soo Shin, Eun-Sun Ryu, Eok-Soo Oh, Duk-Hee Kang
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and apoptosis of peritoneal mesothelial cells are known to be the earliest mechanisms of peritoneal fibrosis in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress with an unfolded protein response is regarded to have a role in the development of organ fibrosis. To investigate the potential role of ER stress as a target to prevent and/or delay the development of peritoneal fibrosis, we examined the effect of ER stress on EMT or apoptosis of human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) and elucidated the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of ER stress preconditioning on TGF-β1-induced EMT...
October 2015: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Heng Cai, Yixue Xue, Ping Wang, Zhenhua Wang, Zhen Li, Yi Hu, Zhiqing Li, Xiuli Shang, Yunhui Liu
Blood-tumor barrier (BTB) limits the delivery of chemotherapeutic agent to brain tumor tissues. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play critical regulatory roles in various biologic processes of tumors. However, the role of lncRNAs in BTB permeability is unclear. LncRNA TUG1 (taurine upregulated gene 1) was highly expressed in glioma vascular endothelial cells from glioma tissues. It also upregulated in glioma co-cultured endothelial cells (GEC) from BTB model in vitro. Knockdown of TUG1 increased BTB permeability, and meanwhile down-regulated the expression of the tight junction proteins ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-5...
August 14, 2015: Oncotarget
P Gharibani, J Modi, J Menzie, A Alexandrescu, Z Ma, R Tao, H Prentice, J-Y Wu
We have recently reported on the efficacy of an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor partial antagonist, S-Methyl-N,N-diethylthiolcarbamate sulfoxide (DETC-MeSO), in improving outcome following stroke, including reduced infarct size and calcium influx, suppressing the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis as well as improving behavioral outcome. DETC-MeSO was shown to suppress the protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) pathway, one of the major ER stress pathways. Several studies including ours have provided evidence that taurine also has neuroprotective effects through reducing apoptosis and inhibiting activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) and inositol requiring enzyme 1 (IRE-1) pathways...
August 6, 2015: Neuroscience
Phil-Dong Moon, Min-Ho Kim, Hun-Sun Lim, Hyun-A Oh, Sun-Young Nam, Na-Ra Han, Myong-Jo Kim, Hyun-Ja Jeong, Hyung-Min Kim
Oysters (Oys) contain various beneficial components, such as, antioxidants and amino acids. However, the effects of Oys or taurine (Tau), a major amino acid in Oys on bone growth have not been determined. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of Oys or Tau on linear bone growth in a mouse model of protein malnutrition. To make the protein malnutrition in a mouse, we used a low protein diet. Growth plate thickness was increased by Oys or Tau. Bone volume/tissue volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, connection density, and total porosity were also improved by Oys or Tau...
May 6, 2015: BioFactors
Amit Kishore, Manishi Mukesh, Ranbir C Sobti, Bishnu P Mishra, Monika Sodhi
Regulatory region of milk protein alpha S1-casein (αS1-CN) gene was sequenced, characterized, and analyzed to detect variations among 13 Indian cattle (Bos indicus) breeds. Comparative analysis of 1,587 bp region comprising promoter (1,418 bp), exon-I (53 bp), and partial intron-I (116 bp) revealed 35 nucleotide substitutions (32 within promoter region, 1 in exon-I, and 2 in partial intron-I region) and 4 Indels. Within promoter, 15 variations at positions -1399 (A > G), -1288 (G > A), -1259 (T > C), -1158 (T > C), -1016 (A > T), -941 (T > G), -778 (C > T), -610 (G > A), -536 (A > G), -521 (A > G), -330 (A > C), -214 (A > G), -205 (A > T), -206 (C > A), and -175 (A > G) were located within the potential transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs), namely, NF-κE1/c-Myc, GATA-1, GATA-1/NF-E, Oct-1/POU3F2, MEF-2/YY1, GATA-1, AP-1, POU1F1a/GR, TMF, GAL4, YY1/Oct-1, HNF-1, GRalpha/AR, GRalpha/AR, and AP-1, respectively...
2013: ISRN Biotechnology
Chaekyun Kim, In Soon Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Wonki Kim, Hoon-Ui Kim, Ha-Na Lee, Seung Hyeon Kim, Chaekyun Kim, Young-Nam Cha, Yeonsoo Joe, Hun Taeg Chung, Jaebong Jang, Kyeojin Kim, Young-Ger Suh, Hyeon-Ok Jin, Jin Kyung Lee, Young-Joon Surh
AIMS: To examine the pro-resolving effects of taurine chloramine (TauCl). RESULTS: TauCl injected into the peritoneum of mice enhanced the resolution of zymosan A-induced peritonitis. Furthermore, when the macrophages obtained from peritoneal exudates were treated with TauCl, their efferocytic ability was elevated. In the murine macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells exposed to TauCl, the proportion of macrophages engulfing the apoptotic neutrophils was also increased. In these macrophages treated with TauCl, expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was elevated along with increased nuclear translocation of the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)...
July 10, 2015: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Qin Liu, Zhenhui Lu, Huayu Wu, Li Zheng
Articular cartilage is characterized by the lack of blood vessels and has a poor self-healing potential. Limited cell numbers and dedifferentiation of chondrocytes when expanded in vitro are the major obstacles of autologous chondrocyte implantation. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is a cell-based treatment that can be used as a second-line measure to regenerate chondral or osteochondral defects in younger, active patients. There is an urgent need to find an effective chondrogenic protection agent alleviating or inhibiting chondrocyte dedifferentiation...
2015: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Rebecca L Krisher, Adam L Heuberger, Melissa Paczkowski, John Stevens, Courtney Pospisil, Randall S Prather, Roger G Sturmey, Jason R Herrick, William B Schoolcraft
The advent of metabolomics technology and its application to small samples has allowed us to non-invasively monitor the metabolic activity of embryos in a complex culture environment. The aim of this study was to apply metabolomics technology to the analysis of individual embryos from several species during in vitro development to gain an insight into the metabolomics pathways used by embryos and their relationship with embryo quality. Alanine is produced by both in vivo- and in vitro-derived human, murine, bovine and porcine embryos...
May 2015: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Fei-Fei Xu, Xiu-Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Calreticulin (CRT) is major Ca 2+ -binding chaperone mainly resident in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen. Recently, it has been shown that non-ER CRT regulates a wide array of cellular responses. We previously found that CRT was up-regulated during hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) and this study was aimed to investigate whether CRT nuclear translocation aggravates ER stress (ERS)-associated apoptosis during H/R injury in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Apoptosis rate and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage in culture medium were measured as indices of cell injury...
February 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
Chien-Te Chou, Hong-Ting Lin, Pai-An Hwang, Shang-Ta Wang, Cheng-Hong Hsieh, Deng-Fwu Hwang
The goal of the study is to investigate the preventive effect of taurine against arsenite-induced arrest of neuronal differentiation in N2a cells. Our results revealed that taurine reinstated the neurite outgrowth in arsenite-treated N2a cells. Meanwhile, arsenite-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction as well as degradation of mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) were also inhibited by co-treatment of taurine. Since oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction is closely associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, we further examined indicators of ER stress, 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), and C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP) protein expression...
April 2015: Amino Acids
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