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Cochrane women

Mieke L G Ten Eikelder, Kelly Mast, Annemarie van der Velden, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Ben W Mol
Importance: Induction of labor is a widely used obstetric intervention, occurring in one in four pregnancies. When the cervix is unfavorable, still many different induction methods are used. Objective: We compared Foley catheter alone to different misoprostol dosages and administration routes, and the combination of Foley catheter with misoprostol. Evidence acquisition: We reviewed the literature on the best induction method regarding their safety and effectiveness, using the outcome measures hyperstimulation, fetal distress, neonatal morbidity and mortality as well as cesarean delivery, vaginal instrumental delivery, and maternal morbidity...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Verinder Sharma, Sapna Sharma
Many women with bipolar disorder experience significant morbidity during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The use of evidence-based and up-to-date guidelines has the potential to improve maternal and neonatal care. We review the latest clinical practice guidelines to gather recommendations for the peripartum management of bipolar disorder. Areas covered: Three electronic databases, MEDLINE/PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the National Guidelines Clearinghouse were searched using various combinations of the following terms: bipolar disorder, pregnancy, postpartum, peripartum, puerperal, antenatal, postnatal, and guidelines...
October 21, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
M E Pennant, R Mehta, P Moody, G Hackett, A Prentice, S J Sharp, R Lakshman
BACKGROUND: Endometrial biopsies are undertaken in premenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding but the risk of endometrial cancer or atypical hyperplasia is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic literature review to establish the risk of endometrial cancer and atypical hyperplasia in premenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding. SEARCH STRATEGY: Search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library from database inception to August 2015...
October 20, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Lingling Gao, Yang Gu, Xianghua Yin
The objective of the study is to assess the TNF-α levels in PCOS patients and healthy controls. A comprehensive electronic search in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database was conducted up to July 2016. Random-effects model was used to estimate the standardized mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Twenty-nine studies with a total of 1960 participants (1046 PCOS patients and 914 controls) were included in this meta-analysis. The TNF-α levels in PCOS patients were significantly higher than those in controls (random-effects, SMD = 0...
2016: PloS One
Minan Y Al-Ezzi, Neha Pathak, Anwar R Tappuni, Khalid S Khan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of dryness caused by primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) on smell, taste and sexual function in female patients, and its influence on quality of life. METHODS: Electronic databases including MEDLINE via Ovid, Web of Science, SCOUPUS, EMBASE and COCHRANE LIBRARY were searched until April 2016. Studies that assessed the function of smell, taste and sexuality in pSS patients, defined by the American European Consensus Group (AECG) criteria...
October 20, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Mark S Corbett, Judith Watson, Alison Eastwood
BACKGROUND: We recently published a systematic review of different healthcare settings (such as outpatient, community or home) for administering intravenous chemotherapy, and concluded that performing conventionally designed randomised trials was difficult. The main problems were achieving adequate trial accrual rates and recruiting a study population which adequately represented the target population of interest. These issues stemmed from the fact that potential participants may have had pre-trial perceptions about the trial settings they may be allocated; such preferences will sometimes be strong enough for patients to decline an invitation to participate in a trial...
October 19, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Carmel T Collins, Jennifer Gillis, Andrew J McPhee, Hiroki Suganuma, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants start milk feeds by gavage tube. As they mature, sucking feeds are gradually introduced. Women who choose to breast feed their preterm infant are not always able to be in hospital with their baby and need an alternative approach to feeding. Most commonly, milk (expressed breast milk or formula) is given by bottle. Whether using bottles during establishment of breast feeds is detrimental to breast feeding success is a topic of ongoing debate. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effects of avoidance of bottle feeds during establishment of breast feeding on the likelihood of successful breast feeding, and to assess the safety of alternatives to bottle feeds...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xu Zhao, Jing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a novel hormone therapy, drospirenone combined with 17-β-estradiol (DRSP/E2) in postmenopausal hypertensive women. DESIGN AND METHOD: A systemic literature search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science (up to Oct. 2015) was performed. Studies were screened independently by two researchers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria which included only the randomized controlled trials (RCT) about the drospirenone with 17-β-estradiol for postmenopausal women with hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jacobo Á Rubio-Arias, Elena Marín-Cascales, Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Alejandro Martínez, Linda H Chung, Pedro E Alcaraz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate published, randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of whole-body vibration training (WBVT) on lean mass in postmenopausal women. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched from September to October 2015: PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane. Two different authors tabulated, independently, the selected indices in identical predetermined forms...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Edna Pereira Gomes Morais, Rachel Riera, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Cristiane R Macedo, Vivian Sarmento Vasconcelos, Alexsandra de Souza Pedrosa, Maria R Torloni
BACKGROUND: Caesarean sections (CS) are the most frequent major surgery in the world. A transient impairment of bowel motility is expected after CS. Although this usually resolves spontaneously within a few days, it can cause considerable discomfort, require symptomatic medication and delay hospital discharge, thus increasing costs. Chewing gum in the immediate postoperative period is a simple intervention that may be effective in enhancing recovery of bowel function in other types of abdominal surgeries...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Montse Palacio, Stefania Ronzoni, Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Kellie E Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of maintenance tocolysis with progestogens compared with placebo or no treatment in women with singleton pregnancies and arrested preterm labor. DATA SOURCES: Studies without language restrictions were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and from inception to June 2015. MeSH headings for progestogens were combined with terms regarding labor, tocolysis, or preterm birth...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Laura R Matthews, Linda OʼDwyer, Erica OʼNeill
OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion failure with and without prior misoprostol administration. Additional outcomes included difficulty of insertion, subjective pain, expulsion, and complications. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were performed in PubMed MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature for articles with the following keywords: "misoprostol," "intrauterine devices," and "IUDs...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Paweł Paśko, Tomasz Rodacki, Renata Domagała-Rodacka, Danuta Owczarek
Background Overactive bladder syndrome is a condition where one or more of the symptoms such as pollakiuria, urgent need to urinate, nocturia and urinary incontinence is observed. Its prevalence ranges between 7 and 27 % in men and 9-43 % in women. The role of a pharmacist is to educate the patient on medications administration scheme, and drug interactions with particular food or food components. Aim of the review To assess a potential impact of food and fruit juice on the pharmacokinetic and therapeutic effects of medications used in treating overactive bladder syndrome...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Frederico S Falcetta, Theresa A Lawrie, Lídia Rf Medeiros, Maria Ines da Rosa, Maria I Edelweiss, Airton T Stein, Alice Zelmanowicz, Anaelena B Moraes, Roselaine R Zanini, Daniela D Rosa
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original review that was first published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 4. Laparoscopy has become an increasingly common approach to surgical staging of apparent early-stage ovarian tumours. This review was undertaken to assess the available evidence on the benefits and risks of laparoscopy compared with laparotomy for the management of International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I ovarian cancer...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Giulio Formoso, Enrica Perrone, Susanna Maltoni, Sara Balduzzi, Jack Wilkinson, Vittorio Basevi, Anna Maria Marata, Nicola Magrini, Roberto D'Amico, Chiara Bassi, Emilio Maestri
BACKGROUND: Tibolone is a synthetic steroid used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, on the basis of short-term data suggesting its efficacy. We considered the balance between the benefits and risks of tibolone. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of tibolone for treatment of postmenopausal and perimenopausal women. SEARCH METHODS: In October 2015, we searched the Gynaecology and Fertility Group (CGF) Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO (from inception), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and clinicaltrials...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kunyan Zhou, Jing Zhang, Liangzhi Xu, Taixiang Wu, Chi Eung Danforn Lim
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common reproductive endocrinology abnormalities, and affects 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age. Western medicines, such as oral contraceptives, insulin sensitizers and laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD), have been used to treat PCOS. Recently, many studies have been published that consider Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an alternative treatment for women with PCOS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of CHM for subfertile women with PCOS...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Amy O'Donnell, Catherine McParlin, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) affects up to 85% of all women during pregnancy, but for the majority self-management suffices. For the remainder, symptoms are more severe and the most severe form of NVP - hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) - affects 0.3-1.0% of pregnant women. There is no widely accepted point at which NVP becomes HG. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments for NVP and HG...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Anna L Altshuler, Brian T Nguyen, Halley E M Riley, Marilyn L Tinsley, Özge Tuncalp
CONTEXT: Although some women may desire the involvement of their partners when obtaining abortion care, male partners are not routinely included in the abortion process. A review of the literature on how male involvement relates to women's abortion experiences may help guide facilities that are considering incorporating male partners in abortion care. METHODS: PubMed, PsycINFO (Ovid), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched without restrictions through September 23, 2015, to identify qualitative and quantitative primary studies investigating male partner accompaniment during the abortion process in noncoercive situations...
October 11, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Sheena Derry, Cathy Stannard, Peter Cole, Philip J Wiffen, Roger Knaggs, Dominic Aldington, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Opioid drugs, including fentanyl, are commonly used to treat neuropathic pain, and are considered effective by some professionals. Most reviews have examined all opioids together. This review sought evidence specifically for fentanyl, at any dose, and by any route of administration. Other opioids are considered in separate reviews. OBJECTIVES: To assess the analgesic efficacy of fentanyl for chronic neuropathic pain in adults, and the adverse events associated with its use in clinical trials...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Zhang Xuan, Yang Zhongpeng, Guo Yanjun, Dai Jiaqi, Zhu Yuchi, Shi Bing, Li Chenghao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between maternal active cigarette smoking and the risk of oral clefts in the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: Oral clefts are divided into three subgroups: total clefts, cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL ± P), and cleft palate only (CP). Data from studies on different levels of smoking were gathered to examine the dose-response effect. RESULTS: The present meta-analysis included 29 case-control and cohort studies through Cochrane, PubMed, and Ovid Medline searches...
August 18, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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