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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819682/laparoscopy-or-laparotomy-as-the-way-of-entrance-in-myoma-enucleation
#1
REVIEW
Cristina Cezar, Sven Becker, Attilio di Spiezio Sardo, Anja Herrmann, Angelika Larbig, Vasilis Tanos, Luz Angela Torres de la Roche, Hugo Christian Verhoeven, Markus Wallwiener, Rudy Leon De Wilde
PURPOSE: Uterine myomas are the main cause of benign uterine diseases in premenopausal women. Objective of the present paper is to investigate the current best treatment modalities of myomas, depending on age of the patient and her desire to preserve fertility, as well as on clinical presentation of this pathology, such as size, number, and location of fibroids and, furthermore, on surgical experience of the gynecologist. METHODS: The design of our work is a systematic literature review of existing studies, reviews, and meta-analysis conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Library to identify relevant literature...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816931/effects-of-multicomponent-training-on-lean-and-bone-mass-in-postmenopausal-and-older-women-a-systematic-review
#2
Elena Marín-Cascales, Pedro E Alcaraz, Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to update and examine to what extent multicomponent training interventions could improve lean and bone mass at different anatomical regions of the body in postmenopausal and older women. METHODS: A computerized literature search was performed in the following online databases: PubMed MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Web of Knowledge. The search was performed to include articles up until February 2017. The methodological quality of selected studies was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool...
August 14, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806964/intervention-now-to-eliminate-repeat-unintended-pregnancy-in-teenagers-interupt-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-and-qualitative-and-realist-synthesis-of-implementation-factors-and-user-engagement
#3
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Maggie Hendry, Andrew Booth, Ben Carter, Joanna M Charles, Noel Craine, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Jane Noyes, Lupetu Ives Ntambwe, Diana Pasterfield, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn Williams, Rhiannon Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Unintended repeat conceptions can result in emotional, psychological and educational harm to young women, often with enduring implications for their life chances. This study aimed to identify which young women are at the greatest risk of repeat unintended pregnancies; which interventions are effective and cost-effective; and what are the barriers to and facilitators for the uptake of these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods systematic review which included meta-analysis, framework synthesis and application of realist principles, with stakeholder input and service user feedback to address this...
August 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799251/comparison-of-anticoagulation-regimens-for-pregnant-women-with-prosthetic-heart-valves-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#4
Jing Wang, Kangqi Li, Hongyan Li, Weiwei Zhu, Haiyan Sun, Congxiao Lu
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is associated with a hypercoagulable state, which makes pregnant women with prosthetic heart valves at high risk of thromboembolism. Proper anticoagulation regimen should take both the maternal protection and the fetal outcomes into consideration. However, no consensus on the present anticoagulation regimen for those women has been reached yet, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. AIMS: The present meta-analysis is conducted to compare anticoagulation efficiency and feto-maternal complications of heparin and warfarin in the first trimester...
August 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#5
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796683/vaginal-cleansing-before-cesarean-delivery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Claudia Caissutti, Gabriele Saccone, Fabrizio Zullo, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Laura Felder, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vaginal cleansing before cesarean delivery in reducing postoperative endometritis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Ovid, EMBASE, Scopus, Clinicaltrials.gov, and Cochrane Library were searched from their inception to January 2017. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Selection criteria included all randomized controlled trials comparing vaginal cleansing (ie, intervention group) with a control group (ie, either placebo or no intervention) in women undergoing cesarean delivery...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#7
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795682/effects-of-antenatal-diet-and-physical-activity-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-and-health-economic-evaluation
#8
Ewelina Rogozińska, Nadine Marlin, Louise Jackson, Girish Rayanagoudar, Anneloes E Ruifrok, Julie Dodds, Emma Molyneaux, Mireille Nm van Poppel, Lucilla Poston, Christina A Vinter, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Jodie M Dodd, Julie Owens, Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Jose G Cecatti, Fernanda Surita, SeonAe Yeo, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Helena Teede, Cheryce Harrison, Lene Haakstad, Garry X Shen, Alexis Shub, Nermeen El Beltagy, Narges Motahari, Janette Khoury, Serena Tonstad, Riitta Luoto, Tarja I Kinnunen, Kym Guelfi, Fabio Facchinetti, Elisabetta Petrella, Suzanne Phelan, Tânia T Scudeller, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner, Kristina Renault, Christianne Jm de Groot, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Signe Nilssen Stafne, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Dorte M Jensen, Márcia Vitolo, Arne Astrup, Nina Rw Geiker, Sally Kerry, Pelham Barton, Tracy Roberts, Richard D Riley, Arri Coomarasamy, Ben Willem Mol, Khalid S Khan, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Diet- and physical activity-based interventions in pregnancy have the potential to alter maternal and child outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether or not the effects of diet and lifestyle interventions vary in subgroups of women, based on maternal body mass index (BMI), age, parity, Caucasian ethnicity and underlying medical condition(s), by undertaking an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis. We also evaluated the association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes and assessed the cost-effectiveness of the interventions...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795075/the-effect-of-menstrual-cycle-and-contraceptives-on-acl-injuries-and-laxity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Simone D Herzberg, Makalapua L Motu'apuaka, William Lambert, Rongwei Fu, Jacqueline Brady, Jeanne-Marie Guise
BACKGROUND: Women are at substantially greater risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than are men. PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to clarify the effect of the menstrual cycle and contraceptives on the laxity of and noncontact injuries to the ACL. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Searches were conducted using MEDLINE (1946-August 2016), the Cochrane Library Database, clinical trial registries, and related reference lists...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793149/genotypic-and-phenotypic-features-of-bap1-cancer-syndrome-a-report-of-8-new-families-and-review-of-cases-in-the-literature
#10
Alexandra M Haugh, Ching-Ni Njauw, Jeffrey A Bubley, Anna Elisa Verzì, Bin Zhang, Emily Kudalkar, Timothy VandenBoom, Kara Walton, Brian L Swick, Raj Kumar, Huma Q Rana, Sarah Cochrane, Shelley R McCormick, Christopher R Shea, Hensin Tsao, Pedram Gerami
Importance: Patients with germline mutations in BAP1 may develop several flesh-colored melanocytic BAP1-mutated atypical intradermal tumors (MBAITs). These tumors generally develop earlier than other BAP1-associated tumors, highlighting an important role for dermatologists in identifying and screening patients with a history suggestive of a germline mutation. Objective: To describe 8 new families with germline mutations in BAP1 and provide a comprehensive review of reported cases...
August 9, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783051/microcephaly-prevalence-in-infants-born-to-zika-virus-infected-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Sergio Crovella
Zika virus is an emergent flavivirus transmitted by Aedes genus mosquitoes that recently reached the Americas and was soon implicated in an increase of microcephaly incidence. The objective of the present study is to systematically review the published data and perform a meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of microcephaly in babies born to Zika virus-infected women during pregnancy. We searched PubMed and Cochrane databases, included cohort studies, and excluded case reports and case series publications...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780649/de-novo-overactive-bladder-following-midurethral-sling-procedures-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Zini Mudiaga, Despina N Perrea, Stergios K Doumouchtsis
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: De novo overactive bladder (OAB) is a known complication of midurethral sling surgery for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence. To date, differences in the incidence of de novo OAB following the use of different types of midurethral sling remain relatively unknown. The purpose of the present systematic review was to evaluate this incidence and summarize current evidence. METHODS: We systematically searched the literature using the MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
August 5, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779936/psychological-effects-of-yoga-nidra-in-women-with-menstrual-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Sang-Dol Kim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of yoga nidra on psychological problems in women with menstrual disorders. METHODS: A search was conducted using CINAHL, the Cochrane library, Embase, PsycINFO, and PubMed electronic databases, and using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in any language up to and including July 2016, which reported the psychological effects of yoga nidra in women with menstrual disorders...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777482/clinical-conformity-between-heel-ultrasound-and-densitometry-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review
#14
Elżbieta Tabor, Wojciech Pluskiewicz, Kamil Tabor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the conformity between heel ultrasound and densitometry, and the clinical application of densitometry T-score "gold standard" in quantitative ultrasound as a method of osteoporosis diagnosis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: The study is a systematic review of studies published in the last 17 years in PubMed, NLM Gateway, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound sensitivity and specificity were analyzed with regard to densitometry measurements in postmenopausal women...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776324/maternal-and-foetal-outcomes-following-natural-vaginal-versus-caesarean-section-c-section-delivery-in-women-with-bleeding-disorders-and-carriers
#15
REVIEW
Laxminarayan Karanth, Sachchithanantham Kanagasabai, Adinegara Bl Abas
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders are uncommon but may pose significant bleeding complications during pregnancy, labour and following delivery for both the woman and the foetus. While many bleeding disorders in women tend to improve in pregnancy, thus decreasing the haemorrhagic risk to the mother at the time of delivery, some do not correct or return quite quickly to their pre-pregnancy levels in the postpartum period. Therefore, specific measures to prevent maternal bleeding and foetal complications during childbirth, are required...
August 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771519/the-effects-of-various-diets-on-glycemic-outcomes-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#16
Vanessa Ha, Ashley J Bonner, Jaynendr K Jadoo, Joseph Beyene, Sonia S Anand, Russell J de Souza
AIMS: Evidence to support dietary modifications to improve glycemia during pregnancy is limited, and the benefits of diet beyond limiting gestational weight gain is unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized trials was conducted to compare the effects of various common diets, stratified by the addition of gestational weight gain advice, on fasting glucose and insulin, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in pregnant women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#17
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770973/schedules-for-home-visits-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#18
REVIEW
Naohiro Yonemoto, Therese Dowswell, Shuko Nagai, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Maternal complications including psychological and mental health problems and neonatal morbidity have been commonly observed in the postpartum period. Home visits by health professionals or lay supporters in the weeks following the birth may prevent health problems from becoming chronic with long-term effects on women, their babies, and their families. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes for women and babies of different home-visiting schedules during the early postpartum period...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766313/interventions-for-emergency-contraception
#19
REVIEW
Jie Shen, Yan Che, Emily Showell, Ke Chen, Linan Cheng
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) is using a drug or copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) to prevent pregnancy shortly after unprotected intercourse. Several interventions are available for EC. Information on the comparative effectiveness, safety and convenience of these methods is crucial for reproductive healthcare providers and the women they serve. This is an update of a review previously published in 2009 and 2012. OBJECTIVES: To determine which EC method following unprotected intercourse is the most effective, safe and convenient to prevent pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765919/age-at-menopause-and-hormone-replacement-therapy-as-risk-factors-for-head-and-neck-and-oesophageal-cancer%C3%A2-review
#20
Caroline E McCarthy, John K Field, Michael W Marcus
There were ~986,000 cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) and oesophageal cancer diagnosed worldwide in 2012. The incidence of these types of cancer is much higher in males than females, although this disparity decreases in the elderly population, suggesting a role for hormones as a risk factor. This systematic review investigates the potential role of female hormones [age at menopause and use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)] as risk factors for HNC/oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The electronic databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane were searched...
August 1, 2017: Oncology Reports
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