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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#1
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228457/impact-of-workplace-physical-activity-interventions-on-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-among-working-age-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Cara G Elliott, Kerri-Anne Mullen, Heather E Tulloch, Swapnil Hiremath, Lisa M Cotie, Andrew L Pipe, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in high-income Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Physical activity is protective for cardiovascular disease. The realities of modern life require working-age women to address work-related, family, and social demands. Few working-age women meet current moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) recommendations. Given that working-age women spend a substantial proportion of their waking hours at work, places of employment may be an opportune and a controlled setting to implement programs, improving MVPA levels and enhancing cardiometabolic health...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225769/management-of-vesicovaginal-fistulas-vvfs-in-women-following-benign-gynaecologic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Engelbert Hanzal, Eleonore Pablik, Heinz Koelbl, Klaus Bodner
BACKGROUND: Vesicovaginal fistulas (VVF) are the most commonly acquired fistulas of the urinary tract, but we lack a standardized algorithm for their management. Surgery is the most commonly preferred approach to treat women with primary VVF following benign gynaecologic surgery. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of operative techniques or conservative treatment for patients with postsurgical VVF. Our secondary objective was to define the surgical time and determine the types of study designs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222074/integrative-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-interactive-programs-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-treatment
#4
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Internet-based interactive programs have been developed to address health needs for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment, but evidence has been inadequate to establish the effectiveness of these programs. This article aims to synthesize studies published in English or Chinese regarding the effectiveness of these programs on the outcomes of symptom distress, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, and psychological well-being for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220653/systematic-review-of-the-oncological-and-functional-outcomes-of-pelvic-organ-preserving-cystectomy-compared-with-standard-radical-cystectomy-in-women-who-undergo-curative-surgery-and-orthotopic-neobladder-substitution-for-bladder-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Erik Veskimäe, Yann Neuzillet, Mathieu Rouanne, Steven MacLennan, Thomas B L Lam, Yuhong Yuan, Eva Compérat, Nigel C Cowan, Georgios Gakis, Antoine G van der Heijden, Maria J Ribal, J Alfred Witjes, Thierry Lebrét
CONTEXT: Pelvic-organ preserving radical cystectomy (POPRC) for female patients may improve postoperative sexual and urinary functions without compromising the oncological outcome compared with standard radical cystectomy (RC). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of POPRC on sexual, oncological and urinary outcomes compared with RC in women who undergo standard curative surgery and orthotopic neobladder substitution for bladder cancer (BCa). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medline, Embase, Cochrane controlled trials databases and clinicaltrial...
February 20, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219350/women-s-experiences-of-personalised-support-for-asthma-care-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Graham R Williamson, Anita O'Connor, Elmslie-Jones Kayleigh
BACKGROUND: Asthma and pregnancy are both sources of anxiety for women. Although there has been a focus on physiological management of asthma and pregnancy, there has been little research on the impact that personalised support can have on asthma care during pregnancy. This systematic review and narrative synthesis of the literature set out to answer the question 'What are women's experiences of asthma care, its management and education, during pregnancy?' METHODS: This systematic review was carried out using accepted methodology from the York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213797/long-term-outcomes-of-tot-and-tvt-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Marco Soligo, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Alex Digesu, Maurizio Serati
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESES: One of the most relevant topics in the field of pelvic floor dysfunction treatment is the long-term efficacy of surgical procedures, in particular, the use of prosthesis. Hence, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of midurethral sling (MUS) procedures for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), as reported in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies. METHODS: This systematic review is based on material searched and obtained via PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library between January 2000 and October 2016...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213600/caesarean-sections-and-for-profit-status-of-hospitals-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Ilir Hoxha, Lamprini Syrogiannouli, Xhyljeta Luta, Kali Tal, David C Goodman, Bruno R da Costa, Peter Jüni
OBJECTIVE: Financial incentives may encourage private for-profit providers to perform more caesarean section (CS) than non-profit hospitals. We therefore sought to determine the association of for-profit status of hospital and odds of CS. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the first year of records through February 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: To be eligible, studies had to report data to allow the calculation of ORs of CS comparing private for-profit hospitals with public or private non-profit hospitals in a specific geographic area...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#9
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212958/economic-evaluations-comparing-a-trial-of-labor-with-an-elective-repeat-cesarean-delivery-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Anna Joy Rogers, Nathaniel G Rogers, Meredith L Kilgore, Akila Subramaniam, Lorie M Harper
BACKGROUND: For women who have had a previous low transverse cesarean delivery, the decision to undergo a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) or an elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCD) has important clinical and economic ramifications. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the alternative choices of a TOLAC and an ERCD for women with low-risk, singleton gestation pregnancies. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EconLit, and the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry with no language, publication, or date restrictions up until October 2015...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205207/home-uterine-monitoring-for-detecting-preterm-labour
#11
REVIEW
Christine Urquhart, Rosemary Currell, Francoise Harlow, Liz Callow
BACKGROUND: To reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with preterm birth, home uterine activity monitoring aims for early detection of increased contraction frequency, and early intervention with tocolytic drugs to inhibit labour and prolong pregnancy. However, the effectiveness of such monitoring is disputed. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether home uterine activity monitoring is effective in improving the outcomes for women and their infants considered to be at high risk of preterm birth, when compared with care that does not include home uterine activity monitoring...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204994/prevalence-of-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
David Beckwée, Laurence Leysen, Kaipo Meuwis, Nele Adriaenssens
BACKGROUND: Although aromatase inhibitors have proven to be an effective treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women, aromatase inhibitor-induced arthralgia (AIA) is an adverse event associated with low compliance with treatment. The aim of this literature study is to assess the prevalence of AIA and to provide an overview of significant predictors for the development of AIA. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202321/anxiety-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women-and-men-in-sweden-is-the-risk-equally-spread-within-the-sexual-minority-population
#13
Charlotte Björkenstam, Emma Björkenstam, Gunnar Andersson, Susan Cochran, Kyriaki Kosidou
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority individuals have a higher risk of anxiety and depression compared with heterosexuals. However, whether the higher risk is spread equally across the sexual minority population is not clear. AIM: To investigate the association between sexual orientation and self-reported current anxiety and a history of diagnosis of depression, paying particular attention to possible subgroup differences in risks within the sexual minority population, stratified by sex and to examine participants' history of medical care for anxiety disorders and depression...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#14
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#15
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194870/participation-in-clinical-trials-improves-outcomes-in-women-s-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
S K Nijjar, M I D'Amico, N A Wimalaweera, Nam Cooper, J Zamora, K S Khan
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews examining the effect of participation in trials on outcomes have not consistently shown benefit. Obstetrics and gynaecology is a unique disease area posing challenges for both researchers and patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether participation in randomised controlled trials (RCTs), compared with non-participation, has a beneficial effect on women's health. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and PsycInfo were searched up to December 2015...
February 14, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194755/withdrawn-exercise-for-dysmenorrhoea
#17
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Stephen Brown
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is characterised by cramping lower abdominal pain that may radiate to the lower back and upper thighs and is commonly associated with nausea, headache, fatigue and diarrhoea. Physical exercise has been suggested as a non-medical approach to the management of these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. SEARCH METHODS: A search was conducted using the methodology of the Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group (August 2009)...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193255/a-narrative-synthesis-of-factors-that-affect-women-speaking-up-about-early-warning-signs-and-symptoms-of-pre-eclampsia-and-responses-of-healthcare-staff
#18
Wendy Carter, Debra Bick, Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: One of the challenges for treating pre-eclampsia and preventing further deterioration is determining how best to enable early detection. If women or their partners and families are able to raise early warnings about potential signs and symptoms of pre-eclampsia in pregnancy, birth and in the postnatal period, women may be able to receive earlier intervention to prevent severe pre-eclampsia from developing. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of factors affecting the ability of women to recognise symptoms and signs of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and seek appropriate medical help and factors affecting health care professionals' responses to women and their families who 'speak up' about early warning signs and symptoms...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191626/intermittent-auscultation-ia-of-fetal-heart-rate-in-labour-for-fetal-well-being
#19
REVIEW
Ruth Martis, Ova Emilia, Detty S Nurdiati, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: The goal of fetal monitoring in labour is the early detection of a hypoxic baby. There are a variety of tools and methods available for intermittent auscultation (IA) of the fetal heart rate (FHR). Low- and middle-income countries usually have only access to a Pinard/Laënnec or the use of a hand-held Doppler device. Currently, there is no robust evidence to guide clinical practice on the most effective IA tool to use, timing intervals and length of listening to the fetal heart for women during established labour...
February 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191333/effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Alireza Ostadrahimi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Mozhgan Mirgafourvand, Sina Yaghoubi, Elham Shahrisa, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
CONTEXT: One of the most common complications of pregnancy is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is increasing worldwide. Experimental and epidemiological studies have shown that higher intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids may decrease the risk of various diseases such as diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil supplementation on the prevention and treatment of GDM. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This systematic review was performed by searching several databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Science Direct SID, Magiran and IranMedex since 1983...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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