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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052503/intensive-follow-up-for-women-with-breast-cancer-review-of-clinical-economic-and-patient-s-preference-domains-through-evidence-to-decision-framework
#1
Alessandra Lafranconi, Liisa Pylkkänen, Silvia Deandrea, Anke Bramesfeld, Donata Lerda, Luciana Neamțiu, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson, Margarita Posso, David Rigau, Ivan Sola, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Women treated for breast cancer are followed-up for monitoring of treatment effectiveness and for detecting recurrences at an early stage. The type of follow-up received may affect women's reassurance and impact on their quality of life. Anxiety and depression among women with breast cancer has been described, but little is known about how the intensity of the follow-up can affect women's psychological status. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intensive vs...
October 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052017/fertility-after-uterine-artery-embolization-of-fibroids-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
K Karlsen, A Hrobjartsson, M Korsholm, O Mogensen, P Humaidan, P Ravn
PURPOSE: The impact of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for the purpose of diminishing the effect of uterine fibroids on fertility is unclear. We have investigated the reported rates of pregnancy and miscarriage after treatment of uterine fibroids with UAE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched for relevant information in PubMed and Embase for randomized controlled trials (RCT), controlled clinical trials, comparative before-after trials, cohort studies, case-control studies and case series where UAE treatment of premenopausal women was performed for uterine fibroids with and where a control intervention was included...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048965/the-effectiveness-of-hiv-prevention-interventions-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-ethnic-minority-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Isabel Ruiz-Perez, Matthew Murphy, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Antonio Rojas-García, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco
BACKGROUND: Surveys in the United States and Europe have shown a plateau of new HIV cases, with certain regions and populations disproportionately affected by the disease. Ethnic minority women and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are disproportionately affected by HIV. Previous reviews have focused on prevention interventions targeting ethnic minority men who have sex with men, have not accounted for socioeconomic status, or have included only interventions carried out in clinical settings...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047207/effects-of-probiotics-on-body-weight-body-mass-index-fat-mass-and-fat-percentage-in-subjects-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
H Borgeraas, L K Johnson, J Skattebu, J K Hertel, J Hjelmesaeth
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to examine the effects of probiotic supplementation on body weight, body mass index (BMI), fat mass and fat percentage in subjects with overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg m(-2) ) or obesity (BMI ≥30 kg m(-2) ). MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for studies published between 1946 and September 2016. A meta-analysis, using a random effects model, was performed to calculate the weighted mean difference between the intervention and control groups...
October 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of oral anti-diabetic agents in women with established diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance or previous gestational diabetes who are planning a pregnancy, or pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes, on maternal and infant health...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040334/advanced-maternal-age-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Samantha C Lean, Hayley Derricott, Rebecca L Jones, Alexander E P Heazell
BACKGROUND: Advanced maternal age (AMA; ≥35 years) is an increasing trend and is reported to be associated with various pregnancy complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of stillbirth and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in women of AMA. SEARCH STRATEGY: Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ClinicalTrials.gov, LILACS and conference proceedings were searched from ≥2000. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort and case-control studies reporting data on one or more co-primary outcomes (stillbirth or fetal growth restriction (FGR)) and/or secondary outcomes in mothers ≥35 years and <35 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038188/probiotics-administered-intravaginally-as-a-complementary-therapy-combined-with-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-bacterial-vaginosis-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Liyan Ma, Jianrong Su, Yanli Su, Wei Sun, Zhaoying Zeng
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a highly prevalent vaginal polymicrobial disorder commonly encountered in women of childbearing age. Therapy with only recommended antibiotics results in low cure rates and unacceptably high recurrence rates. The use of probiotics as a complementary approach for use with antibiotics for the treatment of BV remains unclear. This review aims to assess the efficacy of lactobacilli administered intravaginally in conjunction with antibiotics for the treatment of BV...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036756/acupuncture-or-acupressure-for-induction-of-labour
#8
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction. The use of complementary therapies is increasing. Women may look to complementary therapies during pregnancy and childbirth to be used alongside conventional medical practice. Acupuncture involves the insertion of very fine needles into specific points of the body. Acupressure is using the thumbs or fingers to apply pressure to specific points. The limited observational studies to date suggest acupuncture for induction of labour has no known adverse effects to the fetus, and may be effective...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035013/prebiotics-for-the-prevention-of-allergies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Carlos Cuello-Garcia, Alessandro Fiocchi, Ruby Pawankar, Juan José Yepes-Nuñez, Gian Paolo Morgano, Yuan Zhang, Arnav Agarwal, Shreyas Gandhi, Luigi Terracciano, Holger J Schünemann, Jan L Brozek
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of allergic diseases in infants is approximately 10% reaching 20 to 30% in those with an allergic first-degree relative. Prebiotics are selectively fermented food ingredients that allow specific changes in composition/activity of the gastrointestinal microflora. They modulate immune responses and their supplementation has been proposed as an intervention to prevent allergies. OBJECTIVE: To assess in pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and infants (populations) the effect of supplementing prebiotics (intervention) versus no prebiotics (comparison) on the development of allergic diseases and to inform the World Allergy Organization guidelines...
October 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034731/effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-bone-turnover-markers-in-postmenopausal-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
D Shen, X Zhang, Z Li, H Bai, L Chen
AIM: There is conflicting evidence regarding the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women. Thus, we systematically reviewed the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids by conducting a meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Scopus were searched in December 2016. The standardized mean difference (SMD) or weighted mean difference (WMD) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a fixed-effects model...
October 16, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030774/effects-of-growth-hormone-therapy-on-bone-density-and-fracture-risk-in-age-related-osteoporosis-in-the-absence-of-growth-hormone-deficiency-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Maya Barake, Asma Arabi, Nancy Nakhoul, Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Sarah El Ghandour, Anne Klibanski, Nicholas A Tritos
PURPOSE: In adults, growth hormone deficiency (GHD) has been associated with low bone mineral density (BMD), an effect counteracted by growth hormone (GH) replacement. Whether GH is beneficial in adults with age-related bone loss and without hypopituitarism is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials. We extracted and analyzed data according to the bone outcome included [bone mineral content (BMC), BMD, and bone biomarker, fracture risk]...
October 13, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030327/the-effectiveness-of-ehealth-technologies-on-weight-management-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Diana Sherifali, Kara A Nerenberg, Shanna Wilson, Kevin Semeniuk, Muhammad Usman Ali, Leanne M Redman, Kristi B Adamo
BACKGROUND: The emergence and utilization of electronic health (eHealth) technologies has increased in a variety of health interventions. Exploiting the real-time advantages offered by mobile technologies during and after pregnancy has the potential to empower women and encourage behaviors that may improve maternal and child health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of eHealth technologies for weight management during pregnancy and the postpartum period and to review the efficacy of eHealth technologies on health behaviors, specifically nutrition and physical activity...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027404/transvaginal-ultrasound-versus-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-preoperative-assessment-of-myometrial-infiltration-in-patients-with-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Juan Luis Alcázar, Begoña Gastón, Beatriz Navarro, Rocío Salas, Juana Aranda, Stefano Guerriero
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting myometrial infiltration (MI) in endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: An extensive search of papers comparing TVS and MRI in assessing MI in endometrial cancer was performed in MEDLINE (PubMed), Web of Science, and Cochrane Database from January 1989 to January 2017. Quality was assessed using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) tool...
November 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026838/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-antibodies-in-fistulizing-crohn-s-disease-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Pardis Zaboli, Mohammad Abdollahi, Shilan Mozaffari, Shekoufeh Nikfar
Medical treatment for fistulizing Crohn's disease (FCD) is changing rapidly over the time by the introduction of novel therapeutic medicines, while no global consensus is available. This study aims to accomplish a systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy of tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibodies (anti-TNF-α antibodies) versus placebo in FCD. A systematic review of published literature was carried out till December 2016, and a meta-analysis of identified studies was done. Data have been explored from PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library Database, and Web of Science...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026432/timely-initiation-of-breastfeeding-and-its-association-with-birth-place-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Animut Alebel, Getiye Dejenu, Getachew Mullu, Nurilign Abebe, Tenaw Gualu, Setegn Eshetie
BACKGROUND: Timely initiation of breastfeeding is defined as putting the newborn to the breast within 1 h of birth. In Ethiopia, different studies have been conducted to assess the prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors. The findings of these studies were inconsistent and characterized by great variability. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the pooled prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding and its association with birth place in Ethiopia using the available studies...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024912/how-important-is-aspirin-adherence-when-evaluating-effectiveness-of-low-dose-aspirin
#16
REVIEW
Kate Navaratnam, Zarko Alfirevic, Munir Pirmohamed, Ana Alfirevic
Low-dose aspirin (LDA) is advocated for women at high-risk of pre-eclampsia, providing a modest, 10%, reduction in risk. Cardiology meta-analyses demonstrate 18% reduction in serious vascular events with LDA. Non-responsiveness to aspirin (sometimes termed aspirin resistance) and variable clinical effectiveness are often attributed to suboptimal adherence. The aim of this review was to identify the scope of adherence assessments in RCTs evaluating aspirin effectiveness in cardiology and obstetrics and discuss the quality of information provided by current methods...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018583/effects-of-nutrition-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-low-birth-weight-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
Katharina da Silva Lopes, Erika Ota, Prakash Shakya, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Olukunmi Omobolanle Balogun, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Luz Maria De-Regil, Rintaro Mori
INTRODUCTION: Low birth weight (LBW, birth weight less than 2500 g) is associated with infant mortality and childhood morbidity. Poor maternal nutritional status is one of several contributing factors to LBW. We systematically reviewed the evidence for nutrition-specific (addressing the immediate determinants of nutrition) and nutrition-sensitive (addressing the underlying cause of undernutrition) interventions to reduce the risk of LBW and/or its components: preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018367/treatment-of-comorbid-alcohol-dependence-and-anxiety-disorder-review-of-the-scientific-evidence-and-recommendations-for-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Carmen Gimeno, Marisa Luisa Dorado, Carlos Roncero, Nestor Szerman, Pablo Vega, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, F Javier Alvarez
Patients with alcohol-use disorders (AUDs) have a high prevalence of anxiety disorders (AnxDs). "Co-occurring disorders" refers to the coexistence of an AUD and/or drug related disorders with another non-addictive psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of psychopharmacological treatments and psychotherapy in patients with AUD and AnxD and to propose recommendations for the treatment of patients with comorbid AnxDs and AUDs. Randomized clinical trials, meta-analyses, and clinical guidelines were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017560/effect-of-intra-pregnancy-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy-on-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Cristine Miron Stefani, Nilce de Santos Melo, Adriano de Almeida de Lima, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, André Luís Porporatti, Graziela De Luca Canto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to analyze the effects of intra-pregnancy nonsurgical periodontal therapy on periodontal inflammatory biomarkers and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: On June 5, 2017, we searched PubMed, Cochrane, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS, ProQuest, Open Grey, and Google Scholar databases. Randomized clinical trials in which pregnant women with chronic periodontitis underwent nonsurgical periodontal therapy, compared with an untreated group, tested for inflammatory biomarkers, and followed till delivery were included...
October 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017552/syphilis-in-the-americas-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-syphilis-prevalence-and-incidence-in-four-high-risk-groups-1980-2016
#20
Ken Kitayama, Eddy R Segura, Jordan E Lake, Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Catherine E Oldenburg, Bethany A Myers, Paria Pourjavaheri, Chinomnso N Okorie, Robinson L Cabello, Jesse L Clark
BACKGROUND: Syphilis infection has recently resurfaced as a significant public health problem. Although there has been a tremendous amount of research on the epidemiology of syphilis, there has been limited work done to synthesize the extensive body of research and systematically estimate patterns of disease within high-risk groups in the Americas. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to (1) summarize recent patterns of syphilis infection in North and South America among four high-risk groups (MSM, transgender women, sex workers, and incarcerated individuals) from 1980 to 2016, (2) identify and differentiate regional geographic epidemiologic characteristics, and (3) compare the epidemics of the economically developed countries of North America from the developing countries and public health systems of Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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