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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451666/pilates-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Roberta Costa Espíndula, Gabriella Barbosa Nadas, Maria Inês da Rosa, Charlie Foster, Florentino Cardoso de Araújo, Antonio Jose Grande
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer causing death in women worldwide. The incidence of the disease is expected to grow worldwide due to the aging of the population and risk factors related to lifestyle behaviors. Considering the lifestyle of women with breast cancer before or after surgery, pilates exercise may be a complementary intervention additionally to standard treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of pilates compared to other exercises and to no exercise for women with breast cancer diagnosis...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451023/mammographic-screening-attendance-among-immigrant-and-minority-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Sameer Bhargava, Kåre Moen, Samera Azeem Qureshi, Solveig Hofvind
Background Groups of immigrant and minority women are more often diagnosed with advanced stage breast cancer than other women. Mammographic screening aims to reduce mortality from breast cancer through early detection in asymptomatic women. Purpose To compare mammographic screening attendance among immigrant and minority women to that of other women. Material and Methods A literature search of PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane identified 1369 papers published between January 1995 and March 2016. In the review, we included 33 studies investigating mammographic screening attendance among immigrant and/or minority women...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450530/screening-for-ovarian-cancer-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#3
Jillian T Henderson, Elizabeth M Webber, George F Sawaya
Importance: Ovarian cancer is relatively rare but the fifth-leading cause of cancer mortality among United States women. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of ovarian cancer screening among average-risk women to inform the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials; studies published in English from January 1, 2003, through January 31, 2017; ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through November 22, 2017...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447720/no-257-ultrasonographic-cervical-length-assessment-in-predicting-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies
#4
Kenneth Lim, Kimberly Butt, Joan M Crane
OBJECTIVES: To review (1) the use of ultrasonographic-derived cervical length measurement in predicting preterm birth and (2) interventions associated with a short cervical length. OUTCOMES: Reduction in rates of prematurity and/or better identification of those at risk, as well as possible prevention of unnecessary interventions. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and The Cochrane Library up to December 2009, using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words (preterm labour, ultrasound, cervix, incompetent cervix, transvaginal, transperineal, cervical length, fibronectin)...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447716/no-186-conservative-management-of-urinary-incontinence
#5
Magali Robert, Sue Ross
OBJECTIVE: To outline the evidence for conservative management options for treating urinary incontinence. OPTIONS: Conservative management options for treating urinary incontinence include behavioural changes, lifestyle modification, pelvic floor retraining, and use of mechanical devices. OUTCOMES: To provide understanding of current available evidence concerning efficacy of conservative alternatives for managing urinary incontinence; to empower women to choose continence therapies that have benefit and that have minimal or no harm...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447405/the-representation-of-vulnerable-populations-in-quality-improvement-studies
#6
Asaph Rolnitsky, Maksim Kirtsman, Hanna R Goldberg, Michael Dunn, Chaim M Bell
Purpose: A mapping review to quantify representation of vulnerable populations, who suffer from disparity and often inequitable healthcare, in quality improvement (QI) research. Data sources: Studies published in 2004-2014 inclusive from Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases for English language research with the terms 'quality improvement' or 'quality control' or 'QI' and 'plan-do-study-act' or 'PDSA' in the years 2004-2014 inclusively. Study selection: Published clinical research that was a QI-themed, as identified by its declared search terms, MESH terms, abstract or title...
February 13, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445926/single-versus-double-balloon-catheters-for-the-induction-of-labor-of-singleton-pregnancies-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-quasi-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Héctor Lajusticia, Samuel J Martínez-Domínguez, Gonzalo R Pérez-Roncero, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of single- versus double-balloon catheter (SBC vs. DBC) for cervical ripening and labor induction with an unfavorable cervix. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs (qRCT) regarding the use of SBC or DBC for labor induction of live singleton cephalic pregnancies (≥ 35 weeks) of any parity with an unripe cervix (Bishop score ≤ 6). Nine research databases were searched for original articles published in all languages up to November 2017 comparing both devices for labor induction...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442412/effect-of-chewing-gum-on-gastrointestinal-function-after-gynecological-surgery-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Chao Xu, Jie Peng, Su Liu, Dun-Yi Qi
AIM: Recently, several randomized controlled trials (RCT) reported the effect of chewing gum on gastrointestinal function after gynecological surgery; however, these results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to systematically analyze the effect of chewing gum on postoperative gastrointestinal function and complications in women undergoing gynecological surgery. METHODS: Pumbed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Wanfang databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and http://clinicaltrials...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436313/pre-eclampsia-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-offspring-meta-analysis
#9
Berihun Assefa Dachew, Abdullah Mamun, Joemer Calderon Maravilla, Rosa Alati
BACKGROUND: Evidence about the effect of intrauterine exposure to pre-eclampsia on offspring autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) is not well established. Aims To examine the association between pre-eclampsia and ASD. METHOD: PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases were searched. Pooled relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed. Heterogeneity was assessed using Cochran's Q- and the I 2-test. The presence of publication bias was evaluated by Egger's test and visual inspection of the symmetry in funnel plots...
January 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435621/effect-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-bone-mineral-density-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
C Zhou, L Fang, Y Chen, J Zhong, H Wang, P Xie
Our work is the first systematic meta-analysis to investigate the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medication on bone mineral density. Through meta-analyzed 11 studies, our findings suggested that compared with nonusers, use of SSRIs was significantly associated with lumbar spine BMD reduction, particularly for old people. The use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) has already been associated with bone mass loss. Their effects on bone mineral density (BMD) for the different bone sections have, however, thus been inconsistent...
February 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431861/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-agents-to-induce-regression-and-prevent-the-progression-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#11
REVIEW
Shannon M Grabosch, Osman M Shariff, C William Helm
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in 2014, Issue 4. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) precedes the development of invasive carcinoma of the cervix. Current treatment of CIN is quite effective, but there is morbidity for the patient related to pain, bleeding, infection, cervical stenosis and premature birth in a subsequent pregnancy. Effective treatment with medications, rather than surgery, would be beneficial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, to induce regression and prevent the progression of CIN...
February 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431148/detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-rectal-specimens-in-women-and-its-association-with-anal-intercourse-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Nastassya L Chandra, Claire Broad, Kate Folkard, Katy Town, Emma M Harding-Esch, Sarah C Woodhall, John M Saunders, S Tariq Sadiq, J Kevin Dunbar
OBJECTIVES: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most commonly diagnosed bacterial STI. Lack of prevalence and risk factor data for rectal chlamydia in women has testing and treatment implications, as azithromycin (a first-line urogenital chlamydia treatment) may be less effective for rectal chlamydia. We conducted a systematic review of studies on women in high-income countries to estimate rectal chlamydia prevalence, concurrency with urogenital chlamydia and associations with reported anal intercourse (AI)...
February 3, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430640/comparison-of-self-reported-and-directly-measured-weight-and-height-among-women-of-reproductive-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mariana Seijo, Nicole Minckas, Gabriela Cormick, Daniel Comandé, Agustín Ciapponi, José M Belizan
INTRODUCTION: The use of self-report as a strategy for collecting data of women's weight and height is broadly spread both in clinical practice and epidemiological studies. This study aimed to compare self-reported and directly measured weight and height among women of reproductive age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In July 2015 we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE, CINHAL, LILACS and grey literature. We included women of reproductive age (12 to 49 years old) independently of their weight or height at the time of the study...
February 11, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#14
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427018/advancing-survival-in-nigeria-a-pre-post-evaluation-of-an-integrated-maternal-and-neonatal-health-program
#15
Nancy L Sloan, Andrew Storey, Olufunke Fasawe, Jamila Yakubu, Kelly McCrystal, Owens Wiwa, Lene Jeanette Lothe, Mari Grepstad
Introduction Nigeria contributes more obstetric, postpartum and neonatal deaths and stillbirths globally than any other country. The Clinton Health Access Initiative in partnership with the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health and the state Governments of Kano, Katsina, and Kaduna implemented an integrated Maternal and Neonatal Health program from July 2014. Up to 90% women deliver at home in Northern Nigeria, where maternal mortality ratio and neonatal mortality rates (MMR and NMR) are high and severe challenges to improving survival exist...
February 9, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426322/whether-vitamin-d-was-associated-with-clinical-outcome-after-ivf-icsi-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jing Zhao, Xi Huang, Bin Xu, Yi Yan, Qiong Zhang, Yanping Li
BACKGROUND: There exist contradictive views on whether the vitamin D has association with clinical outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and/or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The present meta-analysis aim to establish whether vitamin D was associated with clinical outcomes of IVF/ICSI. METHODS: MEDLINE, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library from database inception to March 2017 were searched. Clinical studies, which evaluated the association of vitamin D level and the clinical outcomes after IVF/ICSI, were included...
February 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424257/romosozumab-treatment-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Y Liu, Y Cao, S Zhang, W Zhang, B Zhang, Q Tang, Z Li, J Wu
AIM: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of romosozumab in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. METHOD: A comprehensive literature review was performed of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, and Web of Science for RCTs. Outcome measures were changes in lumbar spine, total hip and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), incidence of fractures and adverse events...
February 9, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423911/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes-and-their-infants
#18
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Valerie Smith, Pauline Meskell, Eugene Dempsey, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) have increased rates of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term, because of increased perinatal mortality during the third trimester of pregnancy.This review replaces a review previously published in 2001 that included "diabetic pregnant women", which has now been split into two reviews. This current review focuses on pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) and a sister review focuses on women with gestational diabetes...
February 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423115/association-between-cyp17-t-34c-rs743572-and-breast-cancer-risk
#19
Jing Sun, Hong Zhang, Meiyan Gao, Zhishu Tang, Dongyan Guo, Xiaofei Zhang, Zhu Wang, Ruiping Li, Yan Liu, Wansen Sun, Xi Sun
Association between CYP17 T-34C (rs743572) polymorphism and breast cancer (BC) risk was controversial. In order to derive a more definitive conclusion, we performed this meta-analysis. We searched in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane for eligible publications. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess the strength of association between CYP17 T-34C polymorphism and breast cancer risk. Forty-nine studies involving 2,7104 cases and 3,4218 control subjects were included in this meta-analysis...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419673/aromatherapy-for-managing-menopausal-symptoms-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jiae Choi, Hye Won Lee, Ju Ah Lee, Hyun-Ja Lim, Myeong Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Aromatherapy is often used as a complementary therapy for women's health. This systematic review aims to evaluate the therapeutic effects of aromatherapy as a management for menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Eleven electronic databases will be searched from inception to February 2018. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated any type of aromatherapy against any type of control in individuals with menopausal symptoms will be eligible. The methodological quality will be assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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