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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242711/effect-of-point-of-care-diagnostics-on-maternal-outcomes-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Rebecca L Morgan, Benn Sartorius, Brittany Dennis, Paul K Drain, Lehana Thabane
Introduction: The World Health Organization advocates for increased accessibility of HIV-related point-of-care (POC) diagnostics in settings that lack laboratory infrastructure. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of POC diagnostics on maternal health outcomes in HIV-infected women. Methods: A systematic literature review used multiple data sources as follows: Cochrane Infectious Disease Group Specialized Register; Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials, published in The Cochrane Library; PubMed; EBSCOhost and LILACS from January 2000 to October 2015...
June 2017: Point of Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237472/supply-kits-for-antenatal-and-childbirth-care-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Alicia Aleman, Giselle Tomasso, María Luisa Cafferata, Mercedes Colomar, Ana Pilar Betran
INTRODUCTION: It is critical to increase the uptake of interventions proven to be effective to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes. Supply kits have been suggested to be a feasible strategy designed to ensure timely availability and effective follow-up of care. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence on the uptake, effectiveness and safety of supply kits for maternal care. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register, Campbell Collaboration, Lilacs, Embase and unpublished studies were searched...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234813/hormone-therapy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#3
Gerald Gartlehner, Sheila V Patel, Cynthia Feltner, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Rachel Long, Kelly Mullican, Erin Boland, Linda Lux, Meera Viswanathan
Importance: Postmenopausal status coincides with increased risks for chronic conditions such as heart disease, osteoporosis, cognitive impairment, or some types of cancers. Previously, hormone therapy was used for the primary prevention of these chronic conditions. Objective: To update evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force on the benefits and harms of hormone therapy in reducing risks for chronic conditions. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries from June 1, 2011, through August 1, 2016...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233167/interventions-for-domestic-violence-among-pregnant-women-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito, Debra Anderson
BACKGROUND: Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is still in its infancy, and the majority of findings are primarily from high-income countries (HICs). Therefore, there is an urgent need for generating evidence of DV interventions among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines will be employed to structure the review...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230208/ramadan-fasting-exerts-immunomodulatory-effects-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#5
Mohammad Adawi, Abdulla Watad, Stav Brown, Khadija Aazza, Hicham Aazza, Mohamed Zouhir, Kassem Sharif, Khaled Ghanayem, Raymond Farah, Hussein Mahagna, Stefano Fiordoro, Samir Giuseppe Sukkar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Naim Mahroum
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is observed by Muslims as a month of fasting. All Muslim adults are expected to fast; nevertheless certain subgroups, including sick, frail subjects, and pregnant women, among others, are exempted. Ramadan fasting has been shown to impact on body systems in different manners. The influence of Ramadan fasting on immune system regulation remains elusive; however, immune system changes, such as the modulation of body response to various infectious, stressful, and other harmful events, are of great interest during fasting...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229741/accuracy-of-blood-pressure-measurement-devices-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-validation-studies
#6
Natalie A Bello, Jonathan J Woolley, Kirsten Lawrence Cleary, Louise Falzon, Bruce S Alpert, Suzanne Oparil, Gary Cutter, Ronald Wapner, Paul Muntner, Alan T Tita, Daichi Shimbo
The accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy is essential to guide medical decision making that affects both mother and fetus. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the accuracy of ambulatory, home, and clinic BP measurement devices in pregnant women. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL EBSCO, Clinicaltrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and dabl from inception through August 3, 2017 for articles that assessed the validity of an upper arm BP measurement device against a mercury sphygmomanometer in pregnant women...
December 11, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227165/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-an-important-biomarker-for-predicting-pcos-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Ritu Deswal, Arun Yadav, Amita Suneja Dang
Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein which regulates bioavailability of sex steroid hormones. Interest in SHBG has escalated in recent years because of its inverse association with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes type II. This meta-analysis was performed to examine the associations of SHBG with PCOS and to correlate serum SHBG levels with various PCOS associated endocrine and metabolic dysregulation as well as to determine the effects of various therapeutic agents on serum SHBG levels in PCOS patients in order to assess the true accuracy of SHBG in the prediction of PCOS...
December 11, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223972/intravaginal-boric-acid-is-it-an-alternative-therapeutic-option-for-vaginal-trichomoniasis
#8
Nicola Thorley, Jonathan Ross
OBJECTIVES: Trichomoniasis, caused by Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Current guidance in the UK is to treat TV with a nitroimidazole antibiotic. The high prevalence of TV, high rate of antibiotic resistance and limited tolerability to nitroimidazoles suggest that alternative treatment regimens are needed. Intravaginal boric acid (BA) has been used safely for the treatment of candida vulvovaginitis and bacterial vaginosis, and in vitro studies suggest BA is active against TV...
December 9, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223750/choosing-pre-conception-planning-for-women-families-counselling-and-informed-consent-part-2-pre-conception-reproductive-planning-lifestyle-immunization-and-psychosocial-issues
#9
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for reproductive planning, lifestyle modification, immunization status and attitudes, and psychosocial issues. OPTIONS: This counselling information can be used for patient education and planning and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow for improved risk assessment when pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families is used...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223207/commentary-on-a-cochrane-review-of-screening-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-health-care-settings
#10
Chloe Gaines
Intimate partner violence is a universal phenomenon that warrants awareness by all health care providers. This article summarizes a Cochrane Review on screening women for intimate partner violence in health care settings. The review authors identified 13 randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials that assessed the effectiveness of screening for intimate partner violence. The authors concluded that there was insufficient evidence to justify implementation of universal screening for intimate partner violence...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221211/the-prevalence-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-reproductive-aged-women-of-different-ethnicity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Tao Ding, Paul J Hardiman, Irene Petersen, Fang-Fang Wang, Fan Qu, Gianluca Baio
The prevalence of PCOS was investigated in many studies in different continents. However, there is no established prevalence of PCOS for distinct ethnic groups. In the current analysis, we conducted searches in PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL up to Jan. 2017 to identify studies reporting prevalence of PCOS in the general female population. Forty-two studies were identified, with 13 eligible for evidence synthesis. The prevalence among different ethnicity was estimated using random effect modelling...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220732/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-iran-during-1999-2016-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad, Hamed Aminiahidashti, Iraj Goli Khatir, Seyed Khosro Ghasempouri, Ali Jabbari, Mahmoud Khandashpour
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a common cause of emergency department (ED) visits worldwide with high levels of morbidity and mortality. No inclusive nationally statistics of CO poisoning in Iran is available. The present review aimed to describe and review the pattern of CO poisoning in Iran. METHODS: The search of Medline, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, Magiran, IranDoc and SID (Scientific Information Database) yielded only 10 studies discussing the epidemiology of CO poisoning in Iran...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216881/risks-benefits-size-and-clinical-implications-of-combined-oral-contraceptive-use-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Sebastião Freitas de Medeiros
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex condition with high risk for dyslipidemia, dysglycemia, venous thromboembolism, cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Because the combined oral contraceptive (COC) use has also been associated with impaired fasting glucose, insulin resistance and increased risk of thromboembolism disease, it is rationale to think that the combination of oral contraceptive and PCOS could make it worse or increase the risks. OBJECTIVE: To examine the current data regarding potential additional risks and benefits of contraceptive use, highlights the major gap in knowledge for designing future studies and, when possible, suggests an adequate COC formulation for a determined PCOS phenotype...
December 8, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214917/programme-potential-for-the-prevention-of-and-response-to-sexual-violence-among-female-refugees-a-literature-review
#14
Gianna Maxi Leila Robbers, Alison Morgan
Continuing international conflict has resulted in several million people seeking asylum in other countries each year, over half of whom are women. Their reception and security in overburdened camps, combined with limited information and protection, increases their risk and exposure to sexual violence (SV). This literature review explores the opportunities to address SV against female refugees, with a particular focus on low-resource settings. A systematic literature review of articles published between 2000 and 2016 was conducted following PRISMA guidelines...
December 7, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212464/sexual-dysfunction-and-mode-of-delivery-in-chinese-primiparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Dazhi Fan, Song Li, Wen Wang, Guo Tian, Li Liu, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Up to now, there is controversy over the effect of delivery mode cesarean delivery and spontaneous vaginal delivery on sexual function. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis in postpartum women to explore the mode of delivery, cesarean delivery, and spontaneous vaginal delivery and differences in postpartum sexual function (short- and long-term) in Chinese primiparous women. METHODS: Comprehensive electronic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Elsevier Science Direct, Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biological Medical Literature database and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database were conducted to identify any study in each database published to August 31, 2017...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212079/plasma-et-1-concentrations-are-elevated-in-pregnant-women-with-hypertension-meta-analysis-of-clinical-studies
#16
Yong-Ping Lu, Ahmed Abdallah Hasan, Shufei Zeng, Berthold Hocher
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The ET system might be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. The objective is to analyse the impact of ET-1 in hypertensive pregnant women by a strict meta-analysis of published human clinical studies. METHODS: Based on the principle of Cochrane systematic reviews, Cohort studies in PubMed (Medline), Google Scholar and China Biological Medicine Database (CBM-disc) designed to identify the role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the pathophysiology of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia were screened...
November 28, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211328/safety-of-the-balloon-catheter-for-cervical-ripening-in-outpatient-care-complications-during-the-period-from-insertion-to-expulsion-of-a-balloon-catheter-in-the-process-of-labour-induction-a-systematic-review
#17
M Diederen, J S M Gommers, C Wilkinson, D Turnbull, B W J Mol
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that cervical ripening with a balloon catheter for labour induction can be done in an outpatient setting in low-risk pregnancies. Introduction of such an approach needs to be accompanied with monitoring of potential complications. Therefore the existence and frequency of any associated adverse event during cervical ripening needs to be established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the complication rate during cervical ripening with balloon induction...
December 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210789/predicting-severity-of-acute-pain-after-cesarean-delivery-a-narrative-review
#18
Brock H Gamez, Ashraf S Habib
Cesarean delivery is one of the most common surgical procedures in the United States, with over 1.3 million performed annually. One-fifth of women who undergo cesarean delivery will experience severe pain in the acute postoperative period, increasing their risk of developing chronic pain and postpartum depression, and negatively impacting breastfeeding and newborn care. A growing body of research has investigated tools to predict which patients will experience more severe pain and have increased analgesic consumption after cesarean delivery...
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207325/prediction-of-miscarriage-in-women-with-viable-intrauterine-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-diagnostic-accuracy-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Rekha N Pillai, Justin C Konje, Matthew Richardson, Douglas G Tincello, Neelam Potdar
Both ultrasound and biochemical markers either alone or in combination have been described in the literature for the prediction of miscarriage. We performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the best combination of biochemical, ultrasound and demographic markers to predict miscarriage in women with viable intrauterine pregnancy. The electronic database search included Medline (1946-June 2017), Embase (1980-June 2017), CINAHL (1981-June 2017) and Cochrane library. Key MESH and Boolean terms were used for the search...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206132/effect-of-grazing-behavior-on-weight-regain-post-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Nathalia Pizato, Patrícia B Botelho, Vivian S S Gonçalves, Eliane S Dutra, Kênia M B de Carvalho
Grazing, a type of maladaptive eating behavior, has been associated with poor weight outcomes in bariatric patients. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the association between grazing behavior and weight regain post-bariatric surgery. Literature searches, study selection, design of the method, and quality appraisal were carried out by two independent authors. The search strategy was performed until October 2017 in Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and Open Grey...
December 5, 2017: Nutrients
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