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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410467/examination-of-the-interpersonal-model-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-the-laboratory
#1
Lisa M Shank, Ross D Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
BACKGROUND: The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. METHOD: 117 healthy adolescent girls (BMI: 75th-97th %ile) were recruited for a prevention trial targeting excess weight gain in adolescent girls who reported LOC eating...
April 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398769/potential-involvement-of-the-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-ligand-epiregulin-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-1-in-pathogenesis-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#2
Tetsuya Homma, Atsushi Kato, Masafumi Sakashita, Tetsuji Takabayashi, James E Norton, Lydia A Suh, Roderick G Carter, Kathleen E Harris, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Jin-Young Min, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Bruce K Tan, Kevin Welch, David B Conley, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer
RATIONALE: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous chronic inflammatory disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses that presents without (CRSsNP) or with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Features of CRSwNP are the frequent presence of type 2 allergic inflammation and high prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) colonization. As inflammation persists, sinus tissue undergoes epithelial damage and repair along with polyp growth. Since one feature of damaged tissue is enhancement of growth factor signaling, we evaluated the presence of EGFR ligands and MMPs in CRS...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394438/stimulus-processing-and-error-monitoring-in-more-able-kindergarteners-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-short-review-and-a-preliminary-erp-study
#3
So Hyun Kim, Jennie Grammer, Nurit Benrey, Frederick Morrison, Catherine Lord
Deficits in executive functions (EF) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been identified. However, there is limited evidence about patterns of deficits in EF-related skills, especially at the neurobiological level, in young children with ASD and little is known about how these skills are related to other domains of functioning and symptom severity. In this study, we provide a focused review of EF-related Event-Related Potentials (ERP) studies in children with ASD, accompanied by preliminary data for neurophysiological correlates of EF on a child-friendly Go/No-go task...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360221/nfat5-and-slc4a10-loci-associate-with-plasma-osmolality
#4
Carsten A Böger, Mathias Gorski, Gearoid M McMahon, Huichun Xu, Yen-Pei C Chang, Peter J van der Most, Gerjan Navis, Ilja M Nolte, Martin H de Borst, Weihua Zhang, Benjamin Lehne, Marie Loh, Sian-Tsung Tan, Eric Boerwinkle, Morgan E Grams, Peggy Sekula, Man Li, Beth Wilmot, James G Moon, Paul Scheet, Francesco Cucca, Xiangjun Xiao, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Graciela Delgado, Tanja B Grammer, Marcus E Kleber, Sanaz Sedaghat, Fernando Rivadeneira, Tanguy Corre, Zoltan Kutalik, Sven Bergmann, Carrie M Nielson, Priya Srikanth, Alexander Teumer, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Anne Catharina Brockhaus, Arne Pfeufer, Wolfgang Rathmann, Annette Peters, Martha Matsumoto, Mariza de Andrade, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Ian H de Boer, Shih-Jen Hwang, Iris M Heid, Martin Gögele, Maria Pina Concas, Toshiko Tanaka, Stefania Bandinelli, Mike A Nalls, Andrew Singleton, Salman M Tajuddin, Adebowale Adeyemo, Jie Zhou, Ayo Doumatey, Shannon McWeeney, Joanne Murabito, Nora Franceschini, Michael Flessner, Michael Shlipak, James G Wilson, Guanjie Chen, Charles N Rotimi, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans, Luigi Ferrucci, Olivier Devuyst, Mario Pirastu, Alan Shuldiner, Andrew A Hicks, Peter Paul Pramstaller, Bryan Kestenbaum, Sharon L R Kardia, Stephen T Turner, LifeLines Cohort Study, Tamara Ellefson Briske, Christian Gieger, Konstantin Strauch, Christa Meisinger, Thomas Meitinger, Uwe Völker, Matthias Nauck, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Murielle Bochud, Gerard Waeber, Mika Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Winfried März, Abbas Dehghan, Oscar H Franco, Andre G Uitterlinden, Albert Hofman, Herman A Taylor, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Caroline S Fox, Robert Hitzemann, Eric S Orwoll, Cristian Pattaro, David Schlessinger, Anna Köttgen, Harold Snieder, Afshin Parsa, David M Cohen
Disorders of water balance, an excess or deficit of total body water relative to body electrolyte content, are common and ascertained by plasma hypo- or hypernatremia, respectively. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study meta-analysis on plasma sodium concentration in 45,889 individuals of European descent (stage 1 discovery) and 17,637 additional individuals of European descent (stage 2 replication), and a transethnic meta-analysis of replicated single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 79,506 individuals (63,526 individuals of European descent, 8765 individuals of Asian Indian descent, and 7215 individuals of African descent)...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319787/motor-impulsivity-differentiates-between-psychiatric-inpatients-with-multiple-versus-single-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#5
Victoria A Colborn, Jessica M LaCroix, Laura L Neely, Jennifer Tucker, Kanchana Perera, Samantha E Daruwala, Geoffrey Grammer, Jennifer Weaver, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
A history of multiple suicide attempts conveys greater risk for suicide than a single attempt. Impulsivity may partially explain the association between multiple attempts and increased risk. We examined trait impulsivity, ability to engage in goal-directed behaviors, and impulse control among psychiatrically hospitalized United States military personnel and their dependents. Individuals with a history of multiple versus single attempts had significantly higher motor impulsivity, indicating spur of the moment action...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286156/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-asthma-and-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#6
Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Annemarie G Hirsch, Cara M Nordberg, Brian S Schwartz, Dione G Mercer, Mahboobeh Mahdavinia, Leslie C Grammer, Kathryn E Hulse, Robert C Kern, Pedro Avila, Robert P Schleimer
BACKGROUND: Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) comprises the triad of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), asthma, and intolerance to inhibitors of the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) enzyme. The prevalence of AERD remains unclear, and few studies have compared the clinical characteristics of patients with AERD to those with CRSwNP alone, asthma alone, or both CRSwNP and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of AERD within a tertiary care setting, and to identify unique clinical features that could distinguish these patients from those with both CRSwNP and asthma or with CRSwNP alone...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238741/microparticles-in-nasal-lavage-fluids-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-potential-biomarkers-for-diagnosis-of-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#7
Toru Takahashi, Atsushi Kato, Sergejs Berdnikovs, Whitney W Stevens, Lydia A Suh, James E Norton, Roderick G Carter, Kathleen E Harris, Anju T Peters, Kathryn E Hulse, Leslie C Grammer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Bruce K Tan, David B Conley, Robert C Kern, Bruce S Bochner, Robert P Schleimer
BACKGROUND: Microparticles (MPs) are submicron-sized shed membrane vesicles released from activated or injured cells and are detectable by flow cytometry. MP levels have been used as biomarkers to evaluate cell injury or activation in patients with pathological conditions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare MP types and levels in nasal lavage fluids (NLFs) from controls and patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP), chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207778/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-levels-are-u-shaped-in-the-ludwigshafen-risk-and-cardiovascular-health-luric-study-impact-for-mortality
#8
Rainer P Woitas, Hubert Scharnagl, Marcus E Kleber, Graciela E Delgado, Tanja B Grammer, Martin Pichler, Bernhard K Krämer, Winfried März, Tatjana Stojakovic
INTRODUCTION: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a glycoprotein released by damaged renal tubular cells and mature neutrophils. It is elevated in kidney injury, but also in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction. We investigated the prognostic value of NGAL for total and cardiovascular mortality in patients undergoing coronary angiography without history of renal insufficiency at inclusion into the study. PARTICIPANTS: The LURIC study is an ongoing prospective cohort study of patients referred for coronary angiography and is designed to evaluate determinants of cardiovascular health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177596/evaluating-metrics-of-responsiveness-using-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#9
Alcina K Lidder, Kara Y Detwiller, Caroline P E Price, Robert C Kern, David B Conley, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Kevin C Welch, Rakesh K Chandra, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Li-Xing Man, Robert P Schleimer, Bruce K Tan
BACKGROUND: Responsiveness, or sensitivity to clinical change, is important when selecting patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for research and clinical applications. This study compares responsiveness of PROMs used in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) to inform the future development of a highly responsive instrument that accurately portrays CRS patients' symptom experiences. METHODS: Adult CRS patients initiating medical therapy (MT; n = 143) or undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery after failing MT (ESS; n = 123) completed the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), European Position Statement on Rhinosinusitis (EPOS) visual analog scale (VAS), and 29-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS-29) at baseline and 3 months after treatment...
February 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132798/the-clinical-significance-of-specific-antibody-deficiency-sad-severity-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-crs
#10
Anjeni Keswani, Neha M Dunn, Angelica Manzur, Sara Kashani, Xavier Bossuyt, Leslie C Grammer, David B Conley, Bruce K Tan, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer, Anju T Peters
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased identification of specific antibody deficiency (SAD) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), little is known about the relationship between SAD severity and the severity and comorbidities of CRS. The prevalence of an impaired antibody response in the general population is also unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if the SAD severity stratification applies to real-life data of patients with CRS. METHODS: An electronic health record database was used to identify patients with CRS evaluated for humoral immunodeficiency with quantitative immunoglobulins and Streptococcus pneumoniae antibody titers before and after pneumococcal vaccine...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000955/chronic-airway-inflammation-provides-a-unique-environment-for-b-cell-activation-and-antibody-production
#11
S Feldman, R Kasjanski, J Poposki, D Hernandez, J N Chen, J E Norton, L Suh, R G Carter, W W Stevens, A T Peters, R C Kern, D B Conley, B K Tan, S Shintani-Smith, K C Welch, L C Grammer, K E Harris, A Kato, R P Schleimer, K E Hulse
BACKGROUND: B cells play many roles in health and disease. However, little is known about the mechanisms that drive B cell responses in the airways, especially in humans. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease of the upper airways that affects 10% of Europeans and Americans. A subset of CRS patients develop nasal polyps (NPs), which are characterized by type 2 inflammation, eosinophils and group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s). We have reported that NP contain elevated levels of B cells and antibodies, making NP an ideal system for studying B cells in the airways...
April 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993536/neutrophils-are-a-major-source-of-the-epithelial-barrier-disrupting-cytokine-oncostatin-m-in-patients-with-mucosal-airways-disease
#12
Kathryn L Pothoven, James E Norton, Lydia A Suh, Roderick G Carter, Kathleen E Harris, Assel Biyasheva, Kevin Welch, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, David B Conley, Mark C Liu, Atsushi Kato, Pedro C Avila, Qutayba Hamid, Leslie C Grammer, Anju T Peters, Robert C Kern, Bruce K Tan, Robert P Schleimer
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that oncostatin M (OSM) levels are increased in nasal polyps (NPs) of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), as well as in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, after segmental allergen challenge in allergic asthmatic patients. We also showed in vitro that physiologic levels of OSM impair barrier function in differentiated airway epithelium. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine which hematopoietic or resident cell type or types were the source of the OSM expressed in patients with mucosal airways disease...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979430/classical-complement-pathway-activation-in-the-nasal-tissue-of-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#13
Griet A Van Roey, Christopher C Vanison, Jeffanie Wu, Julia H Huang, Lydia A Suh, Roderick G Carter, James E Norton, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, David B Conley, Kevin C Welch, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Kathleen E Harris, Kathryn E Hulse, Atsushi Kato, Whitney W Stevens, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer, Bruce K Tan
BACKGROUND: Complement plays a major role in inflammatory diseases, but its involvement and mechanisms of activation in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are not known. OBJECTIVES: After earlier studies discovering autoantibodies in patients with CRS, we sought to investigate the nature, extent, and location of complement activation in nasal tissue of patients with CRS. Specifically, we were interested in whether antibody-mediated activation through the classical pathway was a major mechanism for complement activation in patients with CRS...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898304/motivational-processes-from-expectancy-value-theory-are-associated-with-variability-in-the-error-positivity-in-young-children
#14
Matthew H Kim, Loren M Marulis, Jennie K Grammer, Frederick J Morrison, William J Gehring
Motivational beliefs and values influence how children approach challenging activities. The current study explored motivational processes from an expectancy-value theory framework by studying children's mistakes and their responses to them by focusing on two event-related potential (ERP) components: the error-related negativity (ERN) and the error positivity (Pe). Motivation was assessed using a child-friendly challenge puzzle task and a brief interview measure prior to ERP testing. Data from 50 4- to 6-year-old children revealed that greater perceived competence beliefs were related to a larger Pe, whereas stronger intrinsic task value beliefs were associated with a smaller Pe...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864091/diurnal-variations-in-subcutaneous-allergen-immunotherapy-reactions
#15
Aakash A Bavishi, Leslie C Grammer, Jacqueline Pongracic, Karen Rychlik, Rajesh Kumar, Phyllis Zee, Paul A Greenberger, Anna B Fishbein
BACKGROUND: Circadian rhythms underlie many immune responses and allergic diseases. Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) can result in adverse reactions; however, it is unclear whether such reactions have a diurnal pattern. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the timing of SCIT affects the rate of adverse reactions. METHODS: This study was a retrospective medical record review of adult patients (n = 289) who received SCIT at the Northwestern Medical Faculty Foundation, Chicago, Illinois, during a 10-year period (2004-2014)...
January 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744098/early-math-and-reading-achievement-are-associated-with-the-error-positivity
#16
Matthew H Kim, Jennie K Grammer, Loren M Marulis, Melisa Carrasco, Frederick J Morrison, William J Gehring
Executive functioning (EF) and motivation are associated with academic achievement and error-related ERPs. The present study explores whether early academic skills predict variability in the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe). Data from 113 three- to seven-year-old children in a Go/No-Go task revealed that stronger early reading and math skills predicted a larger Pe. Closer examination revealed that this relation was quadratic and significant for children performing at or near grade level, but not significant for above-average achievers...
December 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744031/proprotein-convertases-generate-a-highly-functional-heterodimeric-form-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-in-humans
#17
Julie A Poposki, Aiko I Klingler, Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Kathryn E Hulse, Leslie C Grammer, Robert P Schleimer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie S Smith, Douglas M Sidle, David B Conley, Bruce K Tan, Robert C Kern, Atsushi Kato
RATIONALE: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is known to be elevated and truncated in nasal polyps (NPs) of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and might play a significant role in type 2 inflammation in this disease. However, neither the structure nor the role of the truncated products of TSLP has been studied. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the mechanisms of truncation of TSLP in NPs and the function of the truncated products. METHODS: We incubated recombinant human TSLP with NP extracts, and determined the protein sequence of the truncated forms of TSLP using Edman protein sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717558/proton-pump-inhibitors-decrease-eotaxin-3-ccl26-expression-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-possible-role-of-the-nongastric-h-k-atpase
#18
Jin-Young Min, Christopher J Ocampo, Whitney W Stevens, Caroline P E Price, Christopher F Thompson, Tetsuya Homma, Julia H Huang, James E Norton, Lydia A Suh, Kathryn L Pothoven, David B Conley, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Kathleen E Harris, Kathryn E Hulse, Atsushi Kato, Nikolai N Modyanov, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer, Bruce K Tan
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is often characterized by tissue eosinophilia that is associated with poor prognosis. Recent findings that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) directly modulate the expression of eotaxin-3, an eosinophil chemoattractant, in patients with eosinophilic diseases suggest therapeutic potential for PPIs in those with CRSwNP. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of type 2 mediators, particularly IL-13 and eotaxin-3, on tissue eosinophilia and disease severity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
January 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639939/heterogeneous-inflammatory-patterns-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-without-nasal-polyps-in-chicago-illinois
#19
Bruce K Tan, Aiko I Klingler, Julie A Poposki, Whitney W Stevens, Anju T Peters, Lydia A Suh, James Norton, Roderick G Carter, Kathryn E Hulse, Kathleen E Harris, Leslie C Grammer, Robert P Schleimer, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie S Smith, David B Conley, Robert C Kern, Atsushi Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565973/erratum-to-ldl-cholesterol-standards-of-treatment-2016-a-german-perspective
#20
Winfried März, Hubert Scharnagl, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Günther Silbernagel, Alexander Dressel, Tanja B Grammer, Ulf Landmesser, Hans Dieplinger, Eberhard Windler, Ulrich Laufs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
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