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Migraine fertility

(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
November 2017: Lancet Neurology
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. METHODS: We estimated prevalence and incidence for 328 diseases and injuries and 2982 sequelae, their non-fatal consequences...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
Samantha Warhurst, Christopher J Rofe, Bruce J Brew, Deborah Bateson, Kevin McGeechan, Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Raymond Garrick, Susan E Tomlinson
Background Migraine is highly prevalent in women (18%). Peak morbidity affects their most productive years, coinciding with peak fertility. Hormonal contraception is often tailored for migraine prevention. Estrogen-containing contraceptives may be contraindicated in women experiencing migraine with aura due to the risk of vascular events. While improvements in migraine with a progestin-only pill (POP), which inhibits ovulation are documented, the strength and quality of evidence has not been formally evaluated...
April 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Siri Amundsen, Torunn G Øvrebø, Netta Marie S Amble, Anne Christine Poole, Hedvig Nordeng
PURPOSE: Migraine is highly prevalent among women of fertile age. The main objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence and patterns of use of antimigraine medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding and to identify maternal and migraine-related factors associated with medication use during pregnancy. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional internet-based survey among pregnant women and new mothers with migraine conducted in Norway from October 1, 2013 to February 1, 2014...
December 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Brennan C Kahan, Andrew B Forbes, Caroline J Doré, Tim P Morris
BACKGROUND: Recruitment to clinical trials is often problematic, with many trials failing to recruit to their target sample size. As a result, patient care may be based on suboptimal evidence from underpowered trials or non-randomised studies. METHODS: For many conditions patients will require treatment on several occasions, for example, to treat symptoms of an underlying chronic condition (such as migraines, where treatment is required each time a new episode occurs), or until they achieve treatment success (such as fertility, where patients undergo treatment on multiple occasions until they become pregnant)...
November 5, 2015: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Helena Hanosová, Radoslav Koprna, Josef Valík, Lucie Knoppová, Ivo Frébort, Lenka Dzurová, Petr Galuszka
Ergot alkaloids are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry in drug preparations for treating migraines and Parkinson's disease, inducing uterine contraction, and other purposes. Phytopathogenic fungi of the genus Claviceps (e.g. C. purpurea) comprise a major biological source of ergot alkaloids. Worldwide industrial production of these alkaloids derives almost equally from two biotechnological procedures: submerged culture of the fungus in fermenters and field parasitic production in dormant fungal organs known as sclerotia (also termed ergot)...
December 25, 2015: New Biotechnology
M Viana, E Terreno, P J Goadsby, R E Nappi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Rossella E Nappi, Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Erica Terreno, Alice Pellegrinelli, Michele Viana
A significant number of women with migraine has to face the choice of reliable hormonal contraception during their fertile life. Combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) may be used in the majority of women with headache and migraine. However, they carry a small, but significant vascular risk, especially in migraine with aura (MA) and, eventually in migraine without aura (MO) with additional risk factors for stroke (smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and thrombophilia, age over 35 years). Guidelines recommend progestogen-only contraception as an alternative safer option because it does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and ischemic stroke...
August 1, 2013: Journal of Headache and Pain
Neelakanteswar Aluru, Kristina L Deak, Matthew J Jenny, Mark E Hahn
Congenital malformations are a prevalent cause of infant mortality in the United States and their induction has been linked to a variety of factors, including exposure to teratogens. However, the molecular mechanisms of teratogenicity are not fully understood. MicroRNAs are an important group of small, non-coding RNAs that regulate mRNA expression. MicroRNA roles in early embryonic development are well established, and their disruption during development can cause abnormalities. We hypothesized that developmental exposure to teratogens such as valproic acid alters microRNA expression profiles in developing embryos...
November 2013: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Todd D Rozen, Royce S Fishman
OBJECTIVE: To present results from the United States Cluster Headache Survey regarding gender differences in cluster headache demographics, clinical characteristics, diagnostic delay, triggers, treatment response and personal burden. BACKGROUND: Very few studies have looked at the gender differences in cluster headache presentation. The United States Cluster Headache Survey is the largest study of cluster headache sufferers ever completed in the United States and it is also the largest study of female cluster headache patients ever presented...
June 15, 2012: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Danielle L Herbert, Jayne C Lucke, Annette J Dobson
OBJECTIVE: To identify early users (women aged <34 years) of fertility treatment with hormones and in vitro fertilisation (IVF). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of infertile women from fertility clinics (n=59) and from the community (Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health participants) who had (n=121) or had not (n=110) used hormones/IVF as treatment for infertility. Associations between socio-demographic, reproductive and lifestyle factors, medical conditions and recurrent symptoms and using treatment (or not) were analysed using multivariable logistic regression...
December 2010: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Antonio Pereira-Vega, José L Sánchez, Francisco L Gil, José A Maldonado, José M Bravo, José M Ignacio, Rosa Vázquez, Francisco Álvarez, Pedro Romero, Inmaculada Sánchez
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether premenstrual asthma is associated with premenstrual syndrome. The objective of this study is to compare premenstrual symptoms among asthmatic women according to whether they have premenstrual asthma or not. METHODS: A questionnaire on respiratory symptoms during a single menstrual cycle was developed for asthmatics of fertile age, together with another on symptoms related to premenstrual syndrome. These included dysphoric-psychiatric symptoms (anxiety, depression, fatigue, irritability, and mood swings), edematous symptoms (abdominal and mammary tension, swelling, acne, and migraine), and other symptoms (leg pains, nausea, sweating, vomiting, and tiredness)...
October 2010: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Rossella E Nappi, Sarah L Berga
Migraine is prevalent in women during the fertile age. Indeed, both neuroendocrine events related to reproductive stages (menarche, pregnancy, and menopause) and menstrual cyclicity and the use of exogenous sex hormones, such as hormonal contraception and replacement therapy, may cause significant changes in the clinical pattern of migraine. Menstrual migraine may be more severe, long-lasting, and refractory to both acute and prophylactic treatment and, therefore, requires tailored strategies. The use of headache diaries, which makes it possible to record prospectively the characteristics of every attack, is of paramount importance for evaluating the time pattern of headache and for identifying a clear link with menstrual cycle-related features...
2010: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Stephen J Genuis, Thomas P Bouchard
Issues related to family planning have profound public health significance as they directly impact individuals, couples, and families throughout the world. A new method of family planning is now available using a computerized fertility monitor that accurately measures urinary surges in estrone-3-glucuronide (E3G) and luteinizing hormone (LH) prior to ovulation, thus identifying the short-lived fertile phase of the cycle and providing women with the choice to achieve or avoid conception. As well as ease of use and instruction, hand-held computerized fertility monitors are accurate and effective and can be used indefinitely...
December 2010: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Julien Bogousslavsky
Giorgio de Chirico is one of the most admired and at the same time most discredited painters of the 20th century. As the 'inventor' of metaphysical painting, he has been considered as a precursor of Surrealism, while his later works have been harshly criticized as representative of the painter's decay. The mystery and dream-like atmosphere irradiating from his works has led to speculations that de Chirico may have taken his inspiration from migraine attacks or complex partial seizures. However, a careful study of his life and his own writings suggests that while de Chirico probably suffered from recurrent malaria, he had neither migraines nor epilepsy...
2010: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Andrea Cristina Rodrigues Guidoni, Luciana Brites Ribeiro de Castro
OBJECTIVE: Characterization of headaches in premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Although headache is one of the symptoms for PMS, no details on this headache are given by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) criteria. METHOD: A group of 45 fertile age women presenting PMS were invited to complete a registration diary for headache and PMS symptoms for three consecutive months. The diary included details of each headache attack, allowing for classification according to the International Headache Society criteria (IHS-2004)...
March 2009: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Herbert Kuhl, Martin Birkhäuser, Alfred Mueck, Joseph Neulen, Christian Thaler, Ludwig Kiesel, Wilhelm Braendle
Surveys show that most women desire a change in their menstrual pattern in the sense that they would prefer less menstruations or even amenorrhea. On this behalf, there is no difference between women having spontaneous natural cycles and women taking the pill. The main reasons are less menstrual bleedings, better hygienic conditions, a better quality of life and less blood loss. In women wanting regular monthly periods, the opinion is dominant that suppression of menstrual bleedings is "unnatural". It is therefore primordial to inform women that contraceptive safety is even increased in users following the long-cycle principal and that a fertility decrease has not to be feared...
February 2009: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Karl Alstadhaug, Rolf Salvesen, Svein Bekkelund
BACKGROUND: It is a widespread opinion that migraine attacks arise more frequently in the morning and that circadian rhythms may be responsible for the temporal pattern in migraine. However, only one small prospective study has previously been published on this topic. OBJECTIVE: To investigate circadian variation in migraine. METHOD: Eighty-nine females in fertile age who had participated in a previous questionnaire-based study volunteered to prospectively record in detail every migraine attack for 12 consecutive months...
January 2008: Headache
Jose-Antonio Egido, María Alonso de Leciñana
Stroke constitutes a serious socioeconomic and health care problem in women because it is the principal cause of incapacity and the first cause of death in this section of the population in several countries. The incidence of cerebral infarction and myocardial infarction is lower in females than in males, but only up to menopause, when, especially after >65 years of age, the differences disappear. This is attributable to the protective role of the natural estrogens during the fertile part of the woman's life...
2007: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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