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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732303/do-analog-number-representations-underlie-the-meanings-of-young-children-s-verbal-numerals
#1
Susan Carey, Anna Shusterman, Paul Haward, Rebecca Distefano
Children learn to count, and even learn the cardinal meanings of the first three or four verbal numerals ("one" through "three" or "four"), before they master the numerical significance of counting. If so, it follows that the cardinal meanings of those first few numerals cannot be derived, initially, from their place in the count list and the counting routine. What non-verbal representations, then, support the cardinal meanings of verbal numerals before children have mastered how counting does so? Four experiments addressed the commonly adopted assumption that in the earliest period of learning the meanings of number words, children map verbal numerals to regions of the analog number system (ANS), a system of representation with numerical content that is widely attested in animals and in human infants...
July 18, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732260/differences-in-emotional-stimuli-processing-in-subjects-with-mtle-with-and-without-depression
#2
Lidija Preglej, Ksenija Marinković, Hrvoje Hećimović
In healthy people, a preference in attention maintenance and memory for words with emotional valence comparing to neutral words has been shown. The pattern of emotional stimuli processing may be different in people with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and it may be sensitive to the presence of depressive symptoms. In order to explore these possibilities, we applied the emotional spatial cueing attentional task and the free recall memory task to participants (N=39) with MTLE and compared them with healthy controls...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732230/maximum-likelihood-optimal-and-robust-support-vector-regression-with-lncosh-loss-function
#3
Omer Karal
In this paper, a novel and continuously differentiable convex loss function based on natural logarithm of hyperbolic cosine function, namely lncosh loss, is introduced to obtain Support Vector Regression (SVR) models which are optimal in the maximum likelihood sense for the hyper-secant error distributions. Most of the current regression models assume that the distribution of error is Gaussian, which corresponds to the squared loss function and has helpful analytical properties such as easy computation and analysis...
June 30, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732193/what-should-a-website-dedicated-to-the-postnatal-period-contain-a-delphi-survey-among-parents-and-professionals
#4
J Slomian, P Emonts, M Erpicum, L Vigneron, J Y Reginster, O Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: Mothers have a great need for information during the postnatal period. Trying to meet this need, mothers are increasingly turning to the Internet. Nevertheless, many women have stated that they often or always found that the information that they found on the Internet was incomplete or wrong. Many women therefore believe that health professionals should suggest reliable Internet websites for new mothers. The aim of this study was therefore to find a consensus on the content of a reliable and centralized website dedicated to mothers from the end of pregnancy to 1 year after childbirth...
July 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732152/secukinumab-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
M Abrouk, J Gandy, M Nakamura, K Lee, M Brodsky, R Singh, H Zhu, B Farahnik, T Bhutani, J Koo
While there are several commercially available treatment options for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, there remains a large number of individuals who are refractory to current modalities. In the recent past, there has been increasing evidence that interleukin (IL)-17 plays a vital role in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. Preclinical, phase II, and phase III studies of secukinumab (Cosentyx®) targeting IL-17 and its receptor have thus far proved to be promising. We reviewed the results of phase II and phase III clinical trials for secukinumab in the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis...
July 2017: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731963/audiologic-gain-of-incus-short-process-vibroplasty-with-conventional-incus-long-process-vibroplasty-a-retrospective-analysis-of-36-patients
#6
Jeon Mi Lee, Young Ho Lee, Jinsei Jung, Sung Huhn Kim, In Seok Moon, Jae Young Choi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the audiological and non-audiological benefits of incus short process (SP) vibroplasty with those of conventional incus long process (LP) vibroplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Thirty-six patients with sensorineural hearing loss were treated with the semi-implantable middle ear hearing device. Of these, 22 were treated with conventional LP vibroplasty, and 14 were treated with SP vibroplasty using SP couplers...
July 20, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731819/the-close-up-imager-onboard-the-esa-exomars-rover-objectives-description-operations-and-science-validation-activities
#7
Jean-Luc Josset, Frances Westall, Beda A Hofmann, John Spray, Charles Cockell, Stephan Kempe, Andrew D Griffiths, Maria Cristina De Sanctis, Luigi Colangeli, Detlef Koschny, Karl Föllmi, Eric Verrecchia, Larryn Diamond, Marie Josset, Emmanuelle J Javaux, Francesca Esposito, Matthew Gunn, Audrey L Souchon-Leitner, Tomaso R R Bontognali, Oleg Korablev, Suren Erkman, Gerhard Paar, Stephan Ulamec, Frédéric Foucher, Philippe Martin, Antoine Verhaeghe, Mitko Tanevski, Jorge L Vago
The Close-Up Imager (CLUPI) onboard the ESA ExoMars Rover is a powerful high-resolution color camera specifically designed for close-up observations. Its accommodation on the movable drill allows multiple positioning. The science objectives of the instrument are geological characterization of rocks in terms of texture, structure, and color and the search for potential morphological biosignatures. We present the CLUPI science objectives, performance, and technical description, followed by a description of the instrument's planned operations strategy during the mission on Mars...
June 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731818/the-adron-rm-instrument-onboard-the-exomars-rover
#8
I G Mitrofanov, M L Litvak, S Y Nikiforov, I Jun, Y I Bobrovnitsky, D V Golovin, A S Grebennikov, F S Fedosov, A S Kozyrev, D I Lisov, A V Malakhov, M I Mokrousov, A B Sanin, V N Shvetsov, G N Timoshenko, T M Tomilina, V I Tret'yakov, A A Vostrukhin
This overview presents the physical principles, design, measurement capabilities, and summary of planned operations of the autonomous detector of radiation of neutrons onboard rover at Mars (ADRON-RM) on the surface of Mars. ADRON-RM is a Russian project selected for the joint European Space Agency-Roscosmos ExoMars 2020 landing mission. A compact passive neutron spectrometer, ADRON-RM, was designed to study the abundance and distribution of water and neutron absorption elements (such as Cl, Fe, and others) in the martian subsurface along the path of the ExoMars rover...
June 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731817/infrared-spectrometer-for-exomars-a-mast-mounted-instrument-for-the-rover
#9
Oleg I Korablev, Yurii Dobrolensky, Nadezhda Evdokimova, Anna A Fedorova, Ruslan O Kuzmin, Sergei N Mantsevich, Edward A Cloutis, John Carter, Francois Poulet, Jessica Flahaut, Andrew Griffiths, Matthew Gunn, Nicole Schmitz, Javier Martín-Torres, Maria-Paz Zorzano, Daniil S Rodionov, Jorge L Vago, Alexander V Stepanov, Andrei Yu Titov, Nikita A Vyazovetsky, Alexander Yu Trokhimovskiy, Alexander G Sapgir, Yurii K Kalinnikov, Yurii S Ivanov, Alexei A Shapkin, Andrei Yu Ivanov
ISEM (Infrared Spectrometer for ExoMars) is a pencil-beam infrared spectrometer that will measure reflected solar radiation in the near infrared range for context assessment of the surface mineralogy in the vicinity of the ExoMars rover. The instrument will be accommodated on the mast of the rover and will be operated together with the panoramic camera (PanCam), high-resolution camera (HRC). ISEM will study the mineralogical and petrographic composition of the martian surface in the vicinity of the rover, and in combination with the other remote sensing instruments, it will aid in the selection of potential targets for close-up investigations and drilling sites...
June 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731650/efficacy-and-safety-of-caspofungin-in-children-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
María T Rosanova, David Bes, Pedro Serrano Aguilar, Leticia Cuellar Pompa, Norma Sberna, Roberto Lede
INTRODUCTION: Invasive fungal infections are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Caspofungin is an echinocandin used as an alternative treatment in the prevention and/or treatment of certain invasive fungal infections in children, although compared to the standard treatment there is little evidence on its efficacy and safety. OBJETIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of caspofungin compared with other antifungal drugs for the prevention and/or treatment of invasive fungal infections in children...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731538/meta-analysis-of-quality-of-life-improvement-after-cochlear-implantation-and-associations-with-speech-recognition-abilities
#11
REVIEW
Theodore R McRackan, Michael Bauschard, Jonathan L Hatch, Emily Franko-Tobin, H Richard Droghini, Shaun A Nguyen, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVES: Determine the impact of cochlear implantation on quality of life (QOL) and determine the correlation between QOL and speech recognition ability. STUDY DESIGN: Two authors independently searched PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature to identify studies reporting hearing-specific or cochlear implant (CI)-specific QOL outcomes before and after cochlear implantation, and studies reporting correlations between QOL and speech recognition after cochlear implantation...
July 21, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731199/achilles-a-homeric-hero-enamoured-with-the-absolute
#12
Nicolas Evzonas
This article explores through a psychoanalytical lens the character of Achilles in Homer's Iliad, the matrix behind the Western conception of heroism. The contribution reveals the psychological link binding the words and acts of the most valiant of warriors in Antiquity, which is situated in myth and termed "the Eros of the absolute." The paroxystic ideality underlying the aforementioned myth, which is rooted in the anthropological need to believe, is at the origin of Achilles' legendary μῆνις, that is, the flood of rage triggered by contests for supremacy, aggravated by the loss of his war comrade, aroused by the drama of aging and death, and then transfigured through song and memory...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730883/affected-aspects-regarding-literacy-and-numeracy-in-children-treated-for-brain-tumors
#13
Malin Lönnerblad, Riikka Lovio, Eva Berglund, Ingrid Van't Hooft
The aim of this study was to investigate the test results of reading speed, reading comprehension, word comprehension, spelling, basic arithmetic skills, and number sense (intuitive understanding of numbers) by children treated for brain tumors. This is a retrospective study based on medical records, including standardized academic tests. In the years of 2010 to 2014, all children in the area of Stockholm between 7 and 18 years (IQ <70) who had no major linguistic or motor difficulties after they had undergone treatment for brain tumors were offered a special education assessment one year after treatment, at school start, or the year before a transition from one stage to another...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730866/managing-acute-coronary-syndrome-caused-by-plaque-erosion-without-stent-implantation-a-word-of-caution
#14
Maarten Vanhaverbeke, Tom Adriaenssens, Kaatje Goetschalckx, Jan Bogaert, Peter R Sinnaeve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729956/predicting-the-host-of-influenza-viruses-based-on-the-word-vector
#15
Beibei Xu, Zhiying Tan, Kenli Li, Taijiao Jiang, Yousong Peng
Newly emerging influenza viruses continue to threaten public health. A rapid determination of the host range of newly discovered influenza viruses would assist in early assessment of their risk. Here, we attempted to predict the host of influenza viruses using the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier based on the word vector, a new representation and feature extraction method for biological sequences. The results show that the length of the word within the word vector, the sequence type (DNA or protein) and the species from which the sequences were derived for generating the word vector all influence the performance of models in predicting the host of influenza viruses...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729843/is-a-transdisciplinary-theory-of-engagement-in-organized-settings-possible-a-concept-analysis-of-the-literature-on-employee-engagement-consumer-engagement-and-patient-engagement
#16
REVIEW
Guendalina Graffigna
Organizations are experiencing increased competition, disruptive innovation, and continuous changes in their social and economic context. Furthermore, the decrease of resources (economic and human) in such a demanding context make it imperative for organizations to find new models and strategies to make their service delivery more sustainable at the economic, environmental and psychological levels. In such a complex scenario the concept of engagement of the individuals involved in organized settings (either as service providers or as final receivers) is a promising lever for innovation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729753/gesture-and-intonation-are-sister-systems-of-infant-communication-evidence-from-regression-patterns-of-language-development
#17
David P Snow
This study investigates infants' transition from nonverbal to verbal communication using evidence from regression patterns. As an example of regressions, prelinguistic infants learning American Sign Language (ASL) use pointing gestures to communicate. At the onset of single signs, however, these gestures disappear. Petitto (1987) attributed the regression to the children's discovery that pointing has two functions, namely, deixis and linguistic pronouns. The 1:2 relation (1 form, 2 functions) violates the simple 1:1 pattern that infants are believed to expect...
January 2017: Language Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729587/must-or-should-interpreting-standards-for-the-dental-team
#18
P Affleck, J Holt, R Baker
The General Dental Council's Standards for the dental team sets out guidance for the conduct of dental professionals. In a departure from its predecessor, Standards for dental professionals, the words 'must' and 'should' are defined and employed in particular ways. However, this provision of more detailed guidance paradoxically creates greater uncertainty.
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729108/no-214-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pregnancy-at-41-0-to-42-0-weeks
#19
Martina Delaney, Anne Roggensack
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence-based guidelines for the management of pregnancy at 41+0 to 42+0 weeks. OUTCOMES: Reduction of perinatal mortality associated with Caesarean section at 41+0 to 42+0 weeks of pregnancy. EVIDENCE: The Medline database, the Cochrane Library, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, were searched for English language articles published between 1966 and March 2007, using the following key words: prolonged pregnancy, post-term pregnancy, and postdates pregnancy...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729106/no-223-content-of-a-complete-routine-second-trimester-obstetrical-ultrasound-examination-and-report
#20
Yvonne Cargill, Lucie Morin
OBJECTIVE: To review the benefits of and requirements for a complete second trimester ultrasound and the documentation needed. OUTCOMES: A complete second trimester ultrasound provides information about the number of fetuses, the gestational age, the location of the placenta, and fetal and maternal anatomy. EVIDENCE: In the production of this document, the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine's "Practice Guideline for the Performance of Obstetric Ultrasound Examinations," the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' practice bulletin, "Ultrasound in Pregnancy," and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists' Working Party Report, "Ultrasound Screening" were reviewed...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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