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Metal transporter plant

Jiyu Li, Lihua Wang, Lu Zheng, Yuerong Wang, Xi Chen, Wei Zhang
Arabidopsis thaliana natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 3 (AtNRAMP3) is involved in the transport of cadmium (Cd), iron (Fe), and manganese (Mn). Here, we present a structure-function analysis of AtNRAMP3 based on site-directed mutagenesis and metal toxicity growth assays involving yeast mutants, combined with three-dimensional (3D) structure modeling based on the crystal structure of the Eremococcus coleocola NRAMP family transporter, EcoDMT. We demonstrated that two conservative sites, D72 and N75, are essential for the transport activity...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yupeng Chen, Jingxin Meng, Zhongpeng Zhu, Feilong Zhang, Luying Wang, Zhen Gu, Shutao Wang
Underwater superoleophobic surfaces have attracted great attention due to their broad applications such as anti-oil adhesion, oil capture and transportation, and oil/water separation. However, it is often fairly complex and time-consuming, involving in the construction of micro/nanostructures and the regulation of chemical compositions, there is an urgent need to develop new strategies to conquer these problems. Inspired by the strong anchoring capability and easy accessibility of plant polyphenols, we can readily and rapidly fabricate tannic acid (TA) coated copper surfaces with the excellent underwater super oil-repellent property...
May 8, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Monika Kofroňová, Petra Mašková, Helena Lipavská
This review provides insights into As toxicity in plants with focus on photosynthesis and sugar metabolism as important arsenic targets and simultaneously defence tools against accompanying oxidative stress. Heavy metal contamination is a great problem all over the world. Arsenic, a metalloid occurring naturally in the Earth's crust, also massively spreads out in the environment by human activities. Its accumulation in crops poses a severe health risk to humans and animals. Besides the restriction of human-caused contamination, there are two basic ways how to cope with the problem: first, to limit arsenic accumulation in harvestable parts of the crops; second, to make use of some arsenic hyperaccumulating plants for phytoremediation of contaminated soils and waters...
May 7, 2018: Planta
Bin Zhang, Chi Zhang, Congge Liu, Yanping Jing, Yuan Wang, Ling Jin, Lei Yang, Aigen Fu, Jisen Shi, Fugeng Zhao, Wenzhi Lan, Sheng Luan
Manganese (Mn) is an essential catalytic metal in the Mn-cluster that oxidizes water to produce oxygen during photosynthesis. However, the transport protein(s) responsible for Mn2+ import into the chloroplast remains unknown. Here, we report the characterization of Arabidopsis CMT1 (Chloroplast Manganese Transporter 1), an evolutionarily conserved protein in the Uncharacterized Protein Family 0016 (UPF0016), that is required for manganese accumulation into the chloroplast. The CMT1 gene was expressed primarily in green tissues and the CMT1 protein was localized in the inner envelope membrane of the chloroplast...
May 5, 2018: Molecular Plant
Lunlin Chen, Heping Wan, Jiali Qian, Jianbin Guo, Chengming Sun, Jing Wen, Bin Yi, Chaozhi Ma, Jinxing Tu, Laiqiang Song, Tingdong Fu, Jinxiong Shen
Cadmium is a potentially toxic heavy metal to human health. Rapeseed ( Brassica napus L.), a vegetable and oilseed crop, might also be a Cd hyperaccumulator, but there is little information on this trait in rapeseed. We evaluated Cd accumulation in different oilseed accessions and employed a genome-wide association study to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) related to Cd accumulation. A total of 419 B. napus accessions and inbred lines were genotyped with a 60K Illumina Infinium SNP array of Brassica...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Jing Dai, Wei Qiu, Nanqi Wang, Hiromi Nakanishi, Yuanmei Zuo
Intercropping is a vital technology in resource-limited agricultural systems with low inputs. Peanut/maize intercropping enhances iron (Fe) nutrition in calcareous soil. In this study, the transcriptome of peanut and maize roots was analyzed by suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and microarray analysis separately. We constructed four SSH libraries using the cDNA of peanut roots based on two cropping patterns: monocropping and intercropping, and two growth stages: vegetative stage and reproductive stage...
April 23, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Xian Duo Zhang, Kai Xuan Zhao, Zhi Min Yang
The plant ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters are one of the integral membrane proteins responsible for uptake and allocation of a wide range of metabolites and xenobiotics including heavy metals (e.g. zinc, manganese and cadmium). They play multiple roles in plant growth, development and environmental stress responses. Although the ABC transporters have been identified in model plants such as Arabidopsis and rice, they are have not been annotated and identified in rapeseed (Brassica napus) and also, little is known about functionality of these metal transporters...
April 27, 2018: Gene
Snehalata Majumdar, Bratati Chakraborty, Rita Kundu
Constant exposure of the living ecosystems to heavy metals, like cadmium (Cd), induces a detectable change at the biochemical and genetic level. Repeated application of phosphate fertilizers in paddy fields, leads to increase in Cd content of soil. Cd being highly mobile is transported to shoot and grain, thereby entering into the food chain of animal system. In the present study, treatment of 7-day old rice seedlings with 10 μM cadmium chloride resulted in Cd toxicity across the seven non-aromatic and six aromatic rice cultivars and landraces used for the study...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hernán Ricardo Hadad, María de Las Mercedes Mufarrege, Gisela Alfonsina Di Luca, María Alejandra Maine
The aim of this work was to study Cr, Ni, Zn, and P bioaccumulation in different compartments of Typha domingensis plants and sediment in a free-water surface constructed wetland for the treatment of a metallurgical effluent for 5 years. Removal efficiencies were satisfactory. To increase metal tolerance, its transport from belowground to aboveground tissues is reduced, being metal concentrations in the roots and rhizomes significantly higher than in the aerial and submerged parts of leaves. Regarding belowground tissues, metals were retained in the roots, while P was mainly accumulated in rhizomes...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ying Li, Jiewen Luo, Jiaoda Yu, Lidan Xia, Chuifan Zhou, Liping Cai, Xiangqing Ma
Slow plant growth, low biomass, and low bioavailability of heavy metals in soil are important factors that limit remediation efficiencies. This study adopted a pot cultivation method to evaluate the phytoremediation efficiency of Neyraudia reynaudiana, planted in contaminated soil from a lead-zinc mining area. The soil was inoculated with earthworms (Eisenia fetida), and mixed with the chelating agent ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) one month after planting. The addition of earthworms significantly increased the aboveground biomass of N...
April 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiong Li, Yuansheng Wu, Boqun Li, Wenqi He, Yonghong Yang, Yongping Yang
The cation diffusion facilitator (CDF) family is one of the gene families involved in metal ion uptake and transport in plants, but the understanding of the definite roles and mechanisms of most CDF genes remain limited. In the present study, we identified 18 candidate CDF genes from the turnip genome and named them BrrMTP1.1 - BrrMTP12 . Then, we performed a comparative genomic analysis on the phylogenetic relationships, gene structures and chromosome distributions, conserved domains, and motifs of turnip CDFs...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Felipe K Ricachenevsky, Artur T de Araújo Junior, Janette P Fett, Raul A Sperotto
Plant nutrient uptake is performed mostly by roots, which have to acquire nutrients while avoiding excessive amounts of essential and toxic elements. Apoplastic barriers such as the casparian strip and suberin deposition block free diffusion from the rhizosphere into the xylem, making selective plasma membrane transporters able to control elemental influx into the root symplast, efflux into the xylem and therefore shoot translocation. Additionally, transporters localized to the tonoplast of root cells have been demonstrated to regulate the shoot ionome, and may be important for seed elemental translocation...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
T V Raudina, S V Loiko, A Lim, R M Manasypov, L S Shirokova, G I Istigechev, D M Kuzmina, S P Kulizhsky, S N Vorobyev, O S Pokrovsky
Soil pore waters are a vital component of the ecosystem as they are efficient tracers of mineral weathering, plant litter leaching, and nutrient uptake by vegetation. In the permafrost environment, maximal hydraulic connectivity and element transport from soils to rivers and lakes occurs via supra-permafrost flow (i.e. water, gases, suspended matter, and solutes migration over the permafrost table). To assess possible consequences of permafrost thaw and climate warming on carbon and Green House gases (GHG) dynamics we used a "substituting space for time" approach in the largest frozen peatland of the world...
April 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Michaela S Matthes, Janlo M Robil, Thu Tran, Ashten Kimble, Paula McSteen
Loss-of-function mutations of the tassel-less1 (tls1) gene in maize, which is the co-ortholog of the Arabidopsis boron (B) importer NIP5;1, leads to the loss of reproductive structures (tassels and ears). The tls1 phenotypes can be rescued by B supplementation in the field and in the greenhouse. As the rescue with B supplementation is variable in the field, we investigated additional abiotic factors, potentially causing this variation in controlled greenhouse conditions. We found that the B-dependent rescue of the tls1 mutant tassel phenotype was enhanced when plants were grown with a mix of high pressure sodium (HPS) and metal halide (MH) lamps...
March 26, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
Yuanqing Ren, Yanhui Chen, Jie An, Zhongxian Zhao, Guangqiang Zhang, Yong Wang, Wei Wang
Cadmium (Cd) is a severe and toxic heavy metal pollutant that affects plant growth and development. In this study, we found that the expression of an expansin gene, TaEXPA2, was upregulated in wheat leaves under CdCl2 toxicity. We characterized the involvement of TaEXPA2 in conferring Cd tolerance. Tobacco plants overexpressing TaEXPA2 showed higher germination rate, root elongation, and biomass accumulation compared to the wild-type (WT) plants upon CdCl2 treatment. The improved photosynthetic parameters and lesser cellular damage in transgenic plants exposed to Cd compared to that in the WT plants suggest that TaEXPA2 overexpression improves Cd tolerance in plants...
May 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Yi Wang, Chao Wang, Yujing Liu, Kangfu Yu, Yonghong Zhou
A single point-mutation in GmHMA3 (Glycine max heavy metal-associated ATPase; a wild type allele cloned from a low Cd-accumulated soybean) is closely associated with seed cadmium (Cd) concentration. It is linked to Cd transportation in yeast, and is primarily expressed in the roots of plants. We hypothesized that the function of GmHMA3w in soybean would be akin to that of OsHMA3 in rice, which expresses in the root tonoplast and sequestrates Cd into the root vacuole to reduce Cd translocation to the shoots and limit its accumulation in the seeds...
May 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Paula S M Celis-Plá, Murray T Brown, Alex Santillán-Sarmiento, Nathalie Korbee, Claudio A Sáez, Félix L Figueroa
Global scenarios evidence that contamination due to anthropogenic activities occur at different spatial-temporal scales, being important stressors: eutrophication, due to increased nutrient inputs; and metal pollution, mostly derived from industrial activities. In this study, we investigated ecophysiological and metabolic responses to copper and nutrient excess in the brown macroalga Cystoseira tamariscifolia. Whole plants were incubated in an indoor system under control conditions, two levels of nominal copper (0...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ying Feng, Yingjie Wu, Jie Zhang, Qian Meng, Qiong Wang, Luyao Ma, Xiaoxiao Ma, Xiaoe Yang
SaNRAMP3 gene cloned from a Zn/Cd hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii was ectopicly expressed in Brassica juncea, a fast-growing and high-biomass crop plant. In a tissue culture experiment, transgenic plants were grown on MS medium with 0, 25, 50, 100, 200 μM Cd. It was shown that, at the same Cd treatment, the Cd tolerance of transgenic plants had no significant difference with those of wild-type plants (WT). However, the shoot Cd content and accumulation were improved significantly while the root Cd content and accumulation were descended significantly by SaNRAMP3 gene expression, which obviously enhanced the Cd root-to-shoot translocation factor (TF)...
March 19, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
De-Ju Cao, Xun Yang, Geng Geng, Xiao-Chun Wan, Ru-Xiao Ma, Qian Zhang, Yue-Gan Liang
A hydroponic experiment was performed to investigate the Cd absorption and subcellular distribution in tea plant, Camellia sinensis. Increased Cd accumulation potential was observed in the tea plant in a Cd-enriched environment, but most of the Cd was absorbed by the roots of C. sinensis. The Cd in all the root fractions was mostly distributed in the soluble fraction, followed by the cell wall fraction. By contrast, the Cd was least distributed in the organelle fraction. The adsorption of Cd onto the C. sinensis roots was described well by the Langmuir isotherm model than the Freundlich isotherm...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Guillaume Dubeaux, Julie Neveu, Enric Zelazny, Grégory Vert
Plant roots forage the soil for iron, the concentration of which can be dramatically lower than those needed for growth. Soil iron uptake uses the broad metal spectrum IRT1 transporter that also transports zinc, manganese, cobalt, and cadmium. Sophisticated iron-dependent transcriptional regulatory mechanisms allow plants to tightly control the abundance of IRT1, ensuring optimal absorption of iron. Here, we uncover that IRT1 acts as a transporter and receptor (transceptor), directly sensing excess of its non-iron metal substrates in the cytoplasm, to regulate its own degradation...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cell
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