Read by QxMD icon Read

Metal transporter plant

De-Ju Cao, Xun Yang, Geng Geng, Xiao-Chun Wan, Ru-Xiao Ma, Qian Zhang, Yue-Gan Liang
A hydroponic experiment was performed to investigate the Cd absorption and subcellular distribution in tea plant, Camellia sinensis. Increased Cd accumulation potential was observed in the tea plant in a Cd-enriched environment, but most of the Cd was absorbed by the roots of C. sinensis. The Cd in all the root fractions was mostly distributed in the soluble fraction, followed by the cell wall fraction. By contrast, the Cd was least distributed in the organelle fraction. The adsorption of Cd onto the C. sinensis roots was described well by the Langmuir isotherm model than the Freundlich isotherm...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Guillaume Dubeaux, Julie Neveu, Enric Zelazny, Grégory Vert
Plant roots forage the soil for iron, the concentration of which can be dramatically lower than those needed for growth. Soil iron uptake uses the broad metal spectrum IRT1 transporter that also transports zinc, manganese, cobalt, and cadmium. Sophisticated iron-dependent transcriptional regulatory mechanisms allow plants to tightly control the abundance of IRT1, ensuring optimal absorption of iron. Here, we uncover that IRT1 acts as a transporter and receptor (transceptor), directly sensing excess of its non-iron metal substrates in the cytoplasm, to regulate its own degradation...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cell
Soisungwan Satarug
Cadmium (Cd) is a food-chain contaminant that has high rates of soil-to-plant transference. This phenomenon makes dietary Cd intake unavoidable. Although long-term Cd intake impacts many organ systems, the kidney has long been considered to be a critical target of its toxicity. This review addresses how measurements of Cd intake levels and its effects on kidneys have traditionally been made. These measurements underpin the derivation of our current toxicity threshold limit and tolerable intake levels for Cd...
March 10, 2018: Toxics
Suchi Srivastava, Sonal Srivastava, Vidisha Bist, Surabhi Awasthi, Reshu Chauhan, Vasvi Chaudhry, Poonam C Singh, Sanjay Dwivedi, Abhishek Niranjan, Lalit Agrawal, Puneet Singh Chauhan, Rudra Deo Tripathi, Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal
Rice grown in arsenic (As) contaminated areas contributes to high dietary exposure of As inducing multiple adverse effects on human health. The As contamination and application of phosphate fertilizers during seedling stage creates a high P and As stress condition. The flooded paddy fields are also conducive for algal growth and microbial activity. The present study proposes potential role of microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris (CHL) and bacteria, Pseudomonas putida (RAR) on rice plant grown under excess As and phosphate (P) conditions...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Shunhui Yu, Li Sheng, Chunyan Zhang, Hongping Deng
The present paper deals with the physiological response of the changes in chemical contents of the root, stem and leaf of Arundo donax seedlings stressed by excess cadmium using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy technique, cadmium accumulation in plant by atomic absorption spectroscopy were tested after different concentrations cadmium stress. The results showed that low cadmium concentrations (<1.0mg/L) the root tissue of Arundo donax uses osmosis of organic substances (e.g. carbohydrates and amino acids) to improve cadmium tolerance...
February 13, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Fan Peng, Chao Wang, Jianshu Zhu, Jian Zeng, Houyang Kang, Xing Fan, Lina Sha, Haiqin Zhang, Yonghong Zhou, Yi Wang
TpRNAMP5 is mainly expressed in the plasma membrane of roots and basal stems. It functions as a metal transporter for Cd, Mn and Co accumulation. Numerous natural resistance-associated macrophage proteins (NRAMPs) have been functionally identified in various plant species, including Arabidopsis, rice, soybean and tobacco, but no information is available on NRAMP genes in wheat. In this study, we isolated a TpNRAMP5 from dwarf Polish wheat (DPW, Triticum polonicum L.), a species with high tolerance to Cd and Zn...
March 9, 2018: Planta
Anna Papierniak, Katarzyna Kozak, Maria Kendziorek, Anna Barabasz, Małgorzata Palusińska, Jerzy Tiuryn, Bohdan Paterczyk, Lorraine E Williams, Danuta M Antosiewicz
Tobacco has frequently been suggested as a candidate plant species for use in phytoremediation of metal contaminated soil but knowledge on the regulation of its metal-homeostasis is still in the infancy. To identify new tobacco metal transport genes that are involved in Zn homeostasis a bioinformatics study using the tobacco genome information together with expression analysis was performed. Ten new tobacco metal transport genes from the ZIP, NRAMP, MTP, and MRP/ABCC families were identified with expression levels in leaves that were modified by exposure to Zn excess...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Winfried Bulach, Doris Schüler, Guido Sellin, Tobias Elwert, Dieter Schmid, Daniel Goldmann, Matthias Buchert, Ulrich Kammer
Electromobility will play a key role in order to reach the specified ambitious greenhouse gas reduction targets in the German transport sector of 42% between 1990 and 2030. Subsequently, a significant rise in the sale of electric vehicles (EVs) is to be anticipated in future. The amount of EVs to be recycled will rise correspondingly after a delay. This includes the recyclable power electronics modules which are incorporated in every EV as an important component for energy management. Current recycling methods using car shredders and subsequent post shredder technologies show high recycling rates for the bulk metals but are still associated with high losses of precious and strategic metals such as gold, silver, platinum, palladium and tantalum...
March 1, 2018: Waste Management & Research
Xiaotong Wang, Junkai Zhi, Xinru Liu, Hao Zhang, Huabo Liu, Jichen Xu
Heavy metal ATPase (HMA) plays an important role in phytoremediation via long-distance transportation from root to shoot. In this report, we identified a heavy metal ATPase gene, PtoHMA5, from Populus tomentosa Carr. Its encoded peptide consists of 967 amino acids and has eight trans-membrane motifs inside. Tobacco plants were transformed with this gene via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated method. After exposure to 50 mg/LCdCl2 for 10 d, the transgenic lines displayed higher cadmium accumulation in leaves than did the wild-type plants with an absolute increase of 25...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Tolunay B Aydemir, Robert J Cousins
The SLC39A family of metal transporters was identified through homologies with the Zrt- and Irt-like (ZIP) proteins from yeast and plants. Of all the ZIP transporters, ZIP14 is arguably the most robustly characterized in terms of function at the integrative level. Mice with a global knockout of Zip14 are viable, thus providing the opportunity to conduct physiologic experiments. In mice, Zip14 expression is highly tissue specific, with the greatest abundance in the jejunum > liver > heart > kidney > white adipose tissue > skeletal muscle > spleen > pancreas...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Yunde Zhao
It has been a dominant dogma in plant biology that the self-organizing polar auxin transport system is necessary and sufficient to generate auxin maxima and minima that are essential for almost all aspects of plant growth and development. However, in the past few years, it has become clear that local auxin biosynthesis is required for a suite of developmental processes, including embryogenesis, endosperm development, root development, and floral initiation and patterning. Moreover, it was discovered that local auxin biosynthesis maintains optimal plant growth in response to environmental signals, including light, temperature, pathogens, and toxic metals...
February 28, 2018: Annual Review of Plant Biology
Rasika M Potdukhe, Priyanka Bedi, Bijaya K Sarangi, Ram A Pandey, Sanjog T Thul
Hyperaccumulation of arsenic (As) by brake fern Pteris vittata has been described as an important genetic trait that provides an option for development of a sustainable phytoremediation process for As mitigation. Accumulation of very high concentration of arsenic in above-ground tissues may be the result of arsenic vacuole compartmentalization, but the mechanism(s) of arsenic uptake and transport by underground tissues are largely unknown. In this study, we made an attempt towards understanding the molecular mechanism of As hyperaccumulation in this plant...
March 2018: Journal of Biosciences
Yanlong Jia, Tangfu Xiao, Jialong Sun, Fei Yang, Philippe C Baveye
Thallium (Tl) is a toxic trace metal, whose geochemical behavior and biological effects are closely controlled by its chemical speciation in the environment. However, little tends to be known about this speciation of Tl in soil and plant systems that directly affect the safety of food supplies. In this context, the objective of the present study was to elaborate an efficient method to separate and detect Tl(I) and Tl(III) species for soil and plant samples. This method involves the selective adsorption of Tl(I) on microcolumns filled with immobilized oxine, in the presence of DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid), followed by DTPA-enhanced ultrasonic and heating-induced extraction, coupled with ICP-MS detection...
February 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Brenda Román-Ponce, Juan Ramos-Garza, Ivan Arroyo-Herrera, Jessica Maldonado-Hernández, Yanelly Bahena-Osorio, María Soledad Vásquez-Murrieta, En Tao Wang
Arsenic contamination is an important environmental problem around the world since its high toxicity, and bacteria resist to this element serve as valuable resource for its bioremediation. Aiming at searching the arsenic-resistant bacteria and determining their resistant mechanism, a total of 27 strains isolated from roots of Prosopis laevigata and Spharealcea angustifolia grown in a heavy metal-contaminated region in Mexico were investigated. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and transformation abilities of arsenate (As5+ ) and arsenite (As3+ ), arsenophore synthesis, arsenate uptake, and cytoplasmatic arsenate reductase (arsC), and arsenite transporter (arsB) genes were studied for these strains...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
R Warrings, J Fellner
Aluminum (Al) represents the metal with the highest consumption growth in the last few decades. Beside its increasing usage in the transport (lightweight construction of vehicles) and building sector, Al is used ever more frequently for household goods like packaging material, which represents a readily available source for secondary aluminum due to its short lifetime. The present paper investigates the extent to which this potential source for recycling of Al is already utilized in Austria and highlights areas for future improvements...
February 20, 2018: Waste Management
Siddhi K Jalmi, Prakash K Bhagat, Deepanjali Verma, Stanzin Noryang, Sumaira Tayyeba, Kirti Singh, Deepika Sharma, Alok K Sinha
Plants confront multifarious environmental stresses widely divided into abiotic and biotic stresses, of which heavy metal stress represents one of the most damaging abiotic stresses. Heavy metals cause toxicity by targeting crucial molecules and vital processes in the plant cell. One of the approaches by which heavy metals act in plants is by over production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) either directly or indirectly. Plants act against such overdose of metal in the environment by boosting the defense responses like metal chelation, sequestration into vacuole, regulation of metal intake by transporters, and intensification of antioxidative mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
M D Jiménez, R de Torre, I Mola, M A Casado, L Balaguer
The growing number of road vehicles is a major source of regional and global atmospheric pollution increasing concentrations of CO2 in the air, and levels of metals in air and soil. Nevertheless, the effects of these pollutants on plants growing at roadsides are poorly documented. We carried out an observational study of unmanipulated plants growing by the road, to identify the morpho-physiological responses in a perennial grass Dactylis glomerata. Firstly, we wanted to know the general effect of traffic intensity and ambient CO2 and its interactions on different plant traits...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Liping Sun, Yifeng Ma, Huihong Wang, Weipeng Huang, Xiaozhu Wang, Li Han, Wanmei Sun, Erqin Han, Bangjun Wang
Mercury (Hg) is a highly biotoxic heavy metal that contaminates the environment. Phytoremediation is a green technology for environmental remediation and is used to clean up Hg contaminated soil in recent years. In this study, we isolated an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter gene PtABCC1 from Populus trichocarpa and overexpressed it in Arabidopsis and poplar. The transgenic plants conferred higher Hg tolerance than wild type (WT) plants, and overexpression of PtABCC1 could lead to 26-72% or 7-160% increase of Hg accumulation in Arabidopsis or poplar plants, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Elisa Andresen, Edgar Peiter, Hendrik Küpper
Many trace metals are essential micronutrients, but also potent toxins. Due to natural and anthropogenic causes, vastly different trace metal concentrations occur in various habitats, ranging from deficient to toxic levels. Therefore, one focus of plant research is on the response to trace metals in terms of uptake, transport, sequestration, speciation, physiological use, deficiency, toxicity, and detoxification. In this review, we cover most of these aspects for the essential micronutrients copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, and zinc to provide a broader overview than found in other recent reviews, to cross-link aspects of knowledge in this very active research field that are often seen in a separated way...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Rafael da Rosa Couto, Jéssica Faversani, Carlos Alberto Ceretta, Paulo Ademar Avelar Ferreira, Carina Marchezan, Daniela Basso Facco, Luana Paula Garlet, Jussiane Souza Silva, Jucinei José Comin, Cezar Augusto Bizzi, Erico Marlon Moraes Flores, Gustavo Brunetto
Heavy metals and bromine (Br) derived from organic and industrialized fertilizers can be absorbed, transported and accumulated into parts of plants ingested by humans. This study aimed to evaluate in an experiment conducted under no-tillage for 10 years, totaling 14 applications of pig slurry manure (PS), pig deep-litter (PL), dairy slurry (DS) and mineral fertilizer (MF), the heavy metal and Br contents in soil and in whether the grains produced by corn (Zea mays L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under these conditions could result in risk to human health...
February 6, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"