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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909925/phosphate-fertilizer-affected-rhizospheric-soils-speciation-of-cadmium-and-phytoremediation-by-chlorophytum-comosum
#1
Youbao Wang, Chengfeng Zhu, Hongfei Yang, Xiaowei Zhang
Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of phosphate fertilization on chemical speciation of cadmium (Cd) in the rhizospheric soil of Chlorophytum comosum, a potential cadmium hyperaccumulator. The results revealed that when 200 mg kg(-1) phosphate was applied into the soil, the Cd contents in the exchangeable fraction (EXC), carbonate-binding fraction (CA), and Fe-Mn oxides-binding fraction (Fe-Mn) were the highest, and the Cd content in the residual fraction (RES) was the lowest. Phosphate fertilization could enhance Cd conversion from RES into CA and weak RES, thereby improving the bioavailability of Cd and enhancing Cd enrichment and adsorption by C...
December 1, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908623/effects-of-growing-seasons-and-genotypes-on-the-accumulation-of-cadmium-and-mineral-nutrients-in-rice-grown-in-cadmium-contaminated-soil
#2
Yang Liu, Changbo Zhang, Yanling Zhao, Shoujun Sun, Zhongqi Liu
Heavy metals naturally occur in soil but their concentrations may be changed by seasonal rainfall under double-rice cropping system. The field trials at three sites, which represent low, medium and high cadmium (Cd) content in soil, revealed significant genotypic and environmental variations in grain Cd concentrations. Most cultivars in late rice at three sites produced grains with Cd content over the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) 0.20mgkg(-1). However, grain Cd content in early rice was over MPC only at high Cd site...
November 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902938/functional-components-of-the-bacterial-czccba-efflux-system-reduce-cadmium-uptake-and-accumulation-in-transgenic-tobacco-plants
#3
Andrea Nesler, Giovanni DalCorso, Elisa Fasani, Anna Manara, Gian Pietro Di Sansebastiano, Emanuele Argese, Antonella Furini
Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic trace element released into the environment by industrial and agricultural practices, threatening the health of plants and contaminating the food/feed chain. Biotechnology can be used to develop plant varieties with a higher capacity for Cd accumulation (for use in phytoremediation programs) or a lower capacity for Cd accumulation (to reduce Cd levels in food and feed). Here we generated transgenic tobacco plants expressing components of the Pseudomonas putida CzcCBA efflux system. Plants were transformed with combinations of the CzcC, CzcB and CzcA genes, and the impact on Cd mobilization was analysed...
November 27, 2016: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888434/a-novel-heavy-metal-atpase-peptide-from-prosopis-juliflora-is-involved-in-metal-uptake-in-yeast-and-tobacco
#4
Nisha S Keeran, G Ganesan, Ajay K Parida
Heavy metal pollution of agricultural soils is one of the most severe ecological problems in the world. Prosopis juliflora, a phreatophytic tree species, grows well in heavy metal laden industrial sites and is known to accumulate heavy metals. Heavy Metal ATPases (HMAs) are ATP driven heavy metal pumps that translocate heavy metals across biological membranes thus helping the plant in heavy metal tolerance and phytoremediation. In the present study we have isolated and characterized a novel 28.9 kDa heavy metal ATPase peptide (PjHMT) from P...
November 25, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882494/role-of-rhizophagus-irregularis-in-alleviating-cadmium-toxicity-via-improving-the-growth-micro-and-macroelements-uptake-in-phragmites-australis
#5
Li Wang, Xiaochen Huang, Fang Ma, Shih-Hsin Ho, Jieting Wu, Shishu Zhu
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi have been used to alleviate heavy metal stress on plant growth and uptake of micro- and macroelements. A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to verify the effects of AM fungus Rhizophagus irregularis on the growth, physiological characteristics, total Cd, and element uptake of Phragmites australis under different Cd stress (in the range of 0-20 mg L(-1)). The results showed that the symbiosis could effectively alleviate Cd toxicity with greater root biomass, higher photosynthesis rate, and lower levels of malonaldehyde (MDA) and proline than non-mycorrhizal plants could...
November 23, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882324/studies-on-the-ecological-adaptability-of-growing-rice-with-floating-bed-on-the-dilute-biogas-slurry
#6
Qun Kang, Rui Li, Qi Du, Bowen Cheng, Zhiqi Liao, Chengcheng Sun, Zhaohua Li
This study aimed to explore the ecological adaptability and the possibility of growing rice with floating bed on the dilute biogas slurry. The results of the experiments show that the growth stage, rice plant height, and rice yield and quality were significantly affected by multiple dilutions; rice plants cultivated with 45 multiple dilutions had better ecological adaptability than others. In the 45 multiple dilutions' group, the yield of rice was 13.3 g/bucket (8 rice plants), milled rice rate was 63.1%, and the content of crude protein in the rice was 6...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880006/impairing-both-hma4-homeologs-is-required-for-cadmium-reduction-in-tobacco
#7
Verena Liedschulte, Hélène Laparra, James Nicolas Duncan Battey, Joanne Deborah Schwaar, Hervé Broye, Régis Mark, Markus Klein, Simon Goepfert, Lucien Bovet
In tobacco, the heavy metal P1B-ATPases HMA4.1 and HMA4.2 function in root-to-shoot zinc and cadmium transport. We present greenhouse and field data that dissect the possibilities to impact the two homeologous genes in order to define the best strategy for leaf cadmium reduction. In a first step, both genes were silenced using an RNAi approach leading to >90% reduction of leaf cadmium content. To modulate HMA4 function more precisely, mutant HMA4.1 and HMA4.2 alleles of a TILLING population were combined...
November 23, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866260/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-cadmium-regulated-yellow-stripe-like-transporter-snysl3-in-solanum-nigrum
#8
Shanshan Feng, Jinjuan Tan, Yuxiu Zhang, Shuang Liang, Shuqin Xiang, Hong Wang, Tuanyao Chai
SnYSL3 encodes a plasma-localized transporter delivering various metal-nicotianamine complexes. The expression of SnYSL3 is up-regulated by excess Cd, suggesting an important role for SnYSL3 in response to Cd stress. The Yellow Stripe-Like (YSL) transporters have been proposed to participate in metal uptake and long-range transport in model plants. In this study, we isolated and characterized a novel member of the YSL gene family, SnYSL3, from the cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum. SnYSL3 was constitutively expressed and encodes a plasma membrane-localized protein...
November 19, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863794/biotransfer-of-cd-along-a-soil-plant-mealybug-ladybird-food-chain-a-comparison-with-host-plants
#9
Xingmin Wang, Can Zhang, Baoli Qiu, Umair Ashraf, Rashid Azad, Jianhui Wu, Shaukat Ali
Agro-ecosystem contamination by the heavy metals present in different agricultural products is a serious challenge faced by the living organisms. This study explains the cadmium (Cd) transfer from soils contaminated with different cadmium concentrations through a plant (eggplant and tomato) - mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes) - predator (Cryptolaemus-montrouzieri) food chain. The soils were amended with Cd at the rates of 0, 12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg (w/w). Our findings showed that considerably higher Cd transfer through tomato plant...
November 15, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854061/metal-resistant-rhizobacteria-isolates-improve-mucuna-deeringiana-phytoextraction-capacity-in-multi-metal-contaminated-soils-from-a-gold-mining-area
#10
Cácio Luiz Boechat, Patricia Giovanella, Magno Batista Amorim, Enilson Luiz Saccol de Sá, Flávio Anastácio de Oliveira Camargo
Phytoremediation consists of biological techniques for heavy metal remediation, which include exploring the genetic package of vegetable species to remove heavy metals from the environment. The goals of this study were to investigate heavy metal and bioaugmentation effects on growth and nutrient uptake by Mucuna deeringiana; to determine the metal translocation factor and bioconcentration factor and provide insight for using native bacteria to enhance heavy metal accumulation. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions using a 2 × 4 factorial scheme with highly and slightly contaminated soil samples and inoculating M...
November 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853967/the-bioconcentration-ability-of-heavy-metal-research-for-50-kinds-of-rice-under-the-same-test-conditions
#11
Wen-Juan Xie, Lei Che, Guang-Yu Zhou, Li-Na Yang, Min-Yu Hu
The aims of this experiment are to explore the accumulation of metal contamination of different varieties of rice planted in paddy fields and to provide a basis for the further research. The rice specimens were grown in and collected from a total area of 8.24 acres of rice planting fields where local farmers cultivated 50 different kinds of rice. The crops were grown using the methods of seedling, transplanting, fertilizing, and irrigation, under the guidance of professional and technical personnel. The 50 kinds of paddy rice contain 20 kinds of conventional rice, 15 kinds of two-line hybrid rice, 15 kinds of three-line hybrid rice, and the whole experiment lasted 100 days...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853965/non-occupational-exposure-to-heavy-metals-of-the-residents-of-an-industrial-area-and-biomonitoring
#12
Luigi Vimercati, Antonio Baldassarre, Maria F Gatti, Tommaso Gagliardi, Maria Serinelli, Luigi De Maria, Antonio Caputi, Angelica A Dirodi, Ida Galise, Francesco Cuccaro, Giorgio Assennato
In areas at high environmental risk, a major issue is the assessment of the exposure of the general population to industrial pollutants. To date, few studies have investigated exposure to heavy metals in a population residing in a high risk environmental area. The aim of this study is to evaluate the exposure to heavy metals in the industrial area of Taranto, Southern Italy, through biological monitoring techniques. We measured the levels of inorganic arsenic and methylated metabolites, lead, cadmium, chromium, and manganese in the urine samples of 279 subjects residing in Taranto and neighboring areas...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853462/ethylene-potentiates-sulfur-mediated-reversal-of-cadmium-inhibited-photosynthetic-responses-in-mustard
#13
Nafees A Khan, Mohd Asgher, Tasir S Per, Asim Masood, Mehar Fatma, M I R Khan
The potential of exogenous ethylene and sulfur (S) in reversal of cadmium (Cd)-inhibited photosynthetic and growth responses in mustard (Brassica juncea L. cv. Pusa Jai Kisan) were studied. Plants grown with 50 μM Cd showed increased superoxide and H2O2 accumulation and lipid peroxidation together with increased activity of 1-aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid synthase (ACS) and ethylene production and inhibition of photosynthesis and growth. Application of 1 mM SO4(2-) or 200 μL L(-1) ethephon (ethylene source) influenced photosynthetic and growth performance equally in presence or absence of Cd...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848205/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-glycyrrhiza-uralensis-root-extracts-produced-using-artificial-hydroponic-and-artificial-hydroponic-field-hybrid-cultivation-systems
#14
H Akiyama, M Nose, N Ohtsuki, S Hisaka, H Takiguchi, A Tada, N Sugimoto, H Fuchino, T Inui, N Kawano, S Hayashi, A Hishida, T Kudo, K Sugiyama, Y Abe, M Mutsuga, N Kawahara, K Yoshimatsu
Glycyrrhiza uralensis roots used in this study were produced using novel cultivation systems, including artificial hydroponics and artificial hydroponic-field hybrid cultivation. The equivalency between G. uralensis root extracts produced by hydroponics and/or hybrid cultivation and a commercial Glycyrrhiza crude drug were evaluated for both safety and efficacy, and there were no significant differences in terms of mutagenicity on the Ames tests. The levels of cadmium and mercury in both hydroponic roots and crude drugs were less than the limit of quantitation...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837364/translocation-of-metal-ions-from-soil-to-tobacco-roots-and-their-concentration-in-the-plant-parts
#15
Cleber Pinto da Silva, Thiago E de Almeida, Rosimara Zittel, Tatiana R de Oliveira Stremel, Cinthia E Domingues, Januário Kordiak, Sandro Xavier de Campos
This paper presents a study on the translocation factors (TFs) and bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), and arsenic (As) ions in roots, stems, and leaves of tobacco. The results revealed that during the tobacco growth, the roots are able to increase the sensitiveness of the physiological control, reducing the translocation of the metals Ni (0.38) and Pb (0.48) to the leaves. Cd and Zn presented factors TF and BCF >1 in the three tissues under analysis, which indicates the high potential for transportation and accumulation of these metals in all plant tissues...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823905/bioassessment-of-heavy-metals-in-the-surface-soil-layer-of-an-opencast-mine-aimed-for-its-rehabilitation
#16
Vlado Ličina, Milica Fotirić Akšić, Zorica Tomić, Ivana Trajković, Svetlana Antić Mladenović, Milena Marjanović, Jörg Rinklebe
The contemporary reclamation method in an opencast coal mine closure comprises the use of the preserved surface soil layer (SSL) before mining, and can be directly returned to the areas being rehabilitated. The present study emphasizes a risk in the use of such a SSL in mine rehabilitation due to the possible excessive amount of heavy metals which usually derives from a metal-rich sediment or fluvial character of overburden material. This indication was approved by the bioassessment of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) in root and aerial parts of maize (Zea mays), alfalfa (Medicago sativa), sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis), wheat (Triticum aestivum), barley (Hordeum sativum), white clover (Trifolium repens), pasture (Poales sp...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819494/impact-of-chelators-induced-phytoextraction-of-cadmium-on-yield-and-ionic-uptake-of-maize
#17
Sumera Anwar, Shahbaz Khan, M Yasin Ashraf, Sana Ullah Baloch, Sara Zafar, Ali Noman
Enhanced phytoextraction uses soil chelators to increase the bioavailability of heavy metals. This study tested the effectiveness of ethylenediaminetetraaceticacid (EDTA) and citric acid in enhancing cadmium (Cd) phytoextraction, and their effects on the growth, yield, and ionic uptake of maize (Zea mays). Maize seeds of two cultivars were sown in pots treated with 15 (Cd15) or 30 mg Cd kg(-1) soil (Cd30). EDTA and citric acid at 0.5 g kg(-1) each were applied 2 weeks after germination. Results demonstrated that the growth, yield per plant, and total grain weight was reduced by exposure to Cd...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805014/microbial-community-dynamics-in-the-rhizosphere-of-a-cadmium-hyper-accumulator
#18
J L Wood, C Zhang, E R Mathews, C Tang, A E Franks
Phytoextraction is influenced by the indigenous soil microbial communities during the remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Soil microbial communities can affect plant growth, metal availability and the performance of phytoextraction-assisting inocula. Understanding the basic ecology of indigenous soil communities associated with the phytoextraction process, including the interplay between selective pressures upon the communities, is an important step towards phytoextraction optimization. This study investigated the impact of cadmium (Cd), and the presence of a Cd-accumulating plant, Carpobrotus rossii (Haw...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789737/calcium-deficiency-triggers-phloem-remobilization-of-cadmium-in-a-hyperaccumulating-species
#19
Shengke Tian, Ruohan Xie, Haixin Wang, Yan Hu, Jun Ge, Xingcheng Liao, Xiaoyu Gao, Patrick Brown, Xianyong Lin, Lingli Lu
Understanding cadmium (Cd) accumulation in plants is critical for the development of plant-based strategies for soil remediation and crop safety. Sedum alfredii is a nonbrassica plant species known to hyperaccumulate Cd. The characteristics of Cd uptake, distribution, and retranslocation affected by the Ca status were investigated at cellular levels in S. alfredii Low Ca supply significantly increased Cd contents in shoots of S. alfredii, particularly in the young leaves. Micro x-ray fluorescence images confirmed that sequestration of Cd was greatly enhanced in the young leaves under Ca deficiency stress, with a significant amount of Cd localized in mesophyll cells, compared to the young leaves supplied with high Ca levels...
December 2016: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788444/phytostabilisation-potential-of-giant-reed-for-metals-contaminated-soil-modified-with-complex-organic-fertiliser-and-fly-ash-a-field-experiment
#20
Ya-Nan Liu, Zhao-Hui Guo, Xi-Yuan Xiao, Shuo Wang, Zhi-Chao Jiang, Peng Zeng
An orthogonal field experiment of giant reed (Arundo donax) modified with organic complex fertiliser (OCF), and OCF and fly ash (O&F), at different planting densities was carried out in metal-contaminated soil. The available percentage of arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) in soil decreased from 8.45% to 2.19% and from 29.6% to 13.5% by OCF, respectively, and that of cadmium (Cd) was reduced from 25.3% to 6.49% by O&F. The total biomass of giant reed was 631g per individual following application of O&F in contaminated soil...
October 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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