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Cadmium plant

Lucas J Albano, Sheila M Macfie
A typical plant response to any biotic or abiotic stress, including cadmium (Cd), involves increased ethylene synthesis, which causes senescence of the affected plant part. Stressed plants can experience reduced ethylene and improved growth if they are inoculated with bacteria that have the enzyme ACC deaminase, which metabolizes the ethylene precursor ACC (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate). We investigated whether one such bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens UW4, reduces the production of ethylene and improves the growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) sown in Cd-contaminated potting material (PRO-MIX® BX)...
July 22, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Ravdeep Kaur, Poonam Yadav, Ashwani Kumar Thukral, Amandeep Walia, Renu Bhardwaj
Plant growth regulator-assisted phytoremediation has been assessed as a novel strategy to improve phytoremediation potential of plants. In the present work, potential of castasterone, a plant growth regulator, combined with citric acid was explored for phytoremediation of cadmium in Brassica juncea seedlings. The seedlings were raised under controlled laboratory conditions for 7 days. Results revealed that 0.6 mM cadmium exposure induced toxicity in the seedlings, which was reflected through root growth inhibition, accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde, and loss of cell viability...
October 17, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jiang Zhu, Wen-Shu Wang, Dan Ma, Lin-Yu Zhang, Feng Ren, Ting-Ting Yuan
Protein kinase CK2, which consists of two α and two β subunits, plays an essential role in plant development and is implicated in plant responses to abiotic stresses, including salt and heat. However, the function of CK2 in response to heavy metals such as cadmium (Cd) has not yet been established. In this study, the transgenic line CKB4ox, which overexpresses CKB4 encoding the CK2β subunit and has elevated CK2 activity, was used to investigate the potential role of CK2 in response to Cd stress in Arabidopsis thaliana...
October 8, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Gagan Preet Singh Sidhu, Harminder Pal Singh, Daizy R Batish, Ravinder Kumar Kohli
The potential of a wild, unpalatable plant Coronopus didymus was investigated for the first time in terms of its capability to tolerate and accumulate cadmium (Cd) for phytoremediation purposes. A screenhouse experiment for 6 weeks was conducted to evaluate the effect of Cd from 100 to 400mgkg(-1) on growth, biomass, photosynthetic apparatus, Cd uptake and accumulation in C. didymus plants. Application of Cd facilitates the growth of the plants whereas at higher levels a slight reduction was noticed. The concentration of Cd in roots and shoots reached a maximum of 867...
October 12, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Maryam Nourimand, Christopher D Todd
Plants apply various molecular, physiological, and morphological strategies in response to undesirable environmental conditions. One of the possible responses which may contribute to surviving stressful conditions is the accumulation of ureides. Ureides are recognized as important nitrogen-rich compounds involved in recycling nitrogen in plants to support growth and reproduction. Amongst them, allantoin not only serves as a transportable nitrogen-rich compound, but has also been suggested to protect plants from abiotic stresses via minimizing oxidative damage...
October 13, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Vinod Kumar, A K Chopra, Sachin Srivastava, Jogendra Singh, Roushan Kumar Thakur
The present study was carried out to probe the agronomic response of hybrid cultivar of okra (Hibiscus esculentus L. var. JK 7315) grown in secondary treated municipal wastewater irrigated soil with field investigations. The concentrations of the municipal wastewater viz., 10%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% along with the control (groundwater) were used for the irrigation of the H. esculentus. The study revealed that the concentrations of the municipal wastewater showed significant (P<0.05/P<0.01) effect on the soil parameters after wastewater fertigation in comparison to groundwater in both the seasons...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Mohammad Farhadur Rahman, Anubrata Ghosal, Mohammad Firoz Alam, Ahmad Humayan Kabir
Cadmium (Cd) is an important phytotoxic element causing health hazards. This work investigates whether and how silicon (Si) influences the alleviation of Cd toxicity in field peas at biochemical and molecular level. The addition of Si in Cd-stressed plants noticeably increased growth and development as well as total protein and membrane stability of Cd-stressed plants, suggesting that Si does have critical roles in Cd detoxification in peas. Furthermore, Si supplementation in Cd-stressed plants showed simultaneous significant increase and decrease of Cd and Fe in roots and shoots, respectively, compared with Cd-stressed plants...
October 10, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Ricardo J Stein, Stephan Höreth, J Romário F de Melo, Lara Syllwasschy, Gwonjin Lee, Mário L Garbin, Stephan Clemens, Ute Krämer
Leaf mineral composition, the leaf ionome, reflects the complex interaction between a plant and its environment including local soil composition, an influential factor that can limit species distribution and plant productivity. Here we addressed within-species variation in plant-soil interactions and edaphic adaptation using Arabidopsis halleri, a well-suited model species as a facultative metallophyte and metal hyperaccumulator. We conducted multi-element analysis of 1972 paired leaf and soil samples from 165 European populations of A...
October 13, 2016: New Phytologist
Sébastien Fierens, Javiera Rebolledo, Ann Versporten, Ethel Brits, Vincent Haufroid, Pierre De Plaen, An Van Nieuwenhuyse
BACKGROUND: A previous study revealed an environmental contamination by heavy metals in the vicinity of two non-ferrous metal plants in Ath, Belgium. The purpose of the current cross-sectional study was to estimate exposure of the population to heavy metals in the vicinity of the plants, in comparison with population living further away. METHODS: We did a random sampling in the general population of Ath in two areas: a central area, including the plants, and a peripheral area, presumably less exposed...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Junli Huang, Zhaobing Liu, Shiyu Li, Bo Xu, Yahui Gong, Yan Yang, Hanxiao Sun
Although many bacteria are tolerant to heavy metals and play important roles in the immobilization of heavy metals, they cannot always be dependably reproduced under field conditions. In this work, a cadmium (Cd)-resistant bacterium was isolated from a Cd-contaminated oil field and identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pse-w). We then determined various plant growth promoting features such as the solubilization of phosphate, and the production of indole-3-acetic acid and siderophores. Lastly, we engineered the strain Pse-w-MT by targeting metallothioneins to the cell surface of Pse-w to immobilize Cd(2+) and promote plant growth...
October 3, 2016: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
Murray B McBride, Meredith Frenchmeyer, Sabrina E Kelch, Ludmilla Aristilde
Calcium-oxalates (Ca-Ox), which are widely produced by microorganisms and plants, are ubiquitous and persistent biominerals in the biosphere. We investigated the potential trapping of two phytotoxic metals, cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) by isomorphous substitution into the crystalline structure of Ca-Ox precipitated over a wide range of Cd(2+)/Ca(2+) or Zn(2+)/Ca(2+) ratio in solution. We employed atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and optical microscopy to evaluate our hypotheses that favorable solid-solution conditions and structural framework of crystal habits promote selective metal trapping within Ca-Ox precipitates...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Carla Cruz-Paredes, Álvaro López-García, Gitte H Rubæk, Mads F Hovmand, Peter Sørensen, Rasmus Kjøller
Reutilizing biomass ashes in agriculture can substitute inputs of P from finite primary sources. However, recycling of ashes is disputed due to their content of toxic substances such as heavy metals. This study evaluates the potential risk of replacing easily soluble inorganic P fertilizer with P in biomass ashes in a barley crop grown on soil with adequate P status. Two contrasting doses of three different types of ashes were applied to an agricultural field with spring barley and compared to similar doses of triple-superphosphate fertilizer...
October 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Min Soo Jung, Jae Yoon Kim, Hyun Seung Lee, Chul Gab Lee, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: To identify adverse renal effects due to air pollution derived from a cement plant in Korea. Urinary n-acetyl-B-glucosaminidase (U-NAG) levels in residents living near a cement plant were compared to those in a group who lived farther away from the plant. METHODS: From June to August 2013 and from August to November 2014, laboratory tests for U-NAG and heavy metal were conducted on 547 study participants. Based on the level of air pollution exposure, subjects were divided into the "less exposed group," (LEG) which consisted of 66 persons who lived more than 5 km away from the cement plant, the "more exposed group from the rural area" (MEG-R), which consisted of 272 persons, and the "more exposed group from downtown area" (MEG-D), which consisted of 209 persons who lived within a 1 km radius of the cement plant...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Andrea A E Méndez, Liliana B Pena, María P Benavides, Susana M Gallego
In the present study we evaluated the pre-treatment (priming) of Arabidopsis thaliana plants with sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO-donor, as an interesting approach for improving plant tolerance to cadmium stress. We focused on the cell redox balance and on the methionine sulfoxide reductases (MSR) family as a key component of such response. MSR catalyse the reversible oxidation of MetSO residues back to Met. Five MSRA genes and nine MSRB genes have been identified in A. thaliana, coding for proteins with different subcellular locations...
October 1, 2016: Biochimie
Zhaofeng Wang, Qien Li, Weiguo Wu, Jie Guo, Yingli Yang
Ascorbic acid (AsA) and nitric oxide (NO) are well known and widespread antioxidants and gaseous molecules that regulate plant tolerance to several stresses. However, the relationship between them in plant response to stress, especially heavy stress, is largely unclear. This study demonstrated that both AsA and NO could enhance the tolerance of wheat seedlings to cadmium stress evidenced by root length change, which resulted from their roles in maintaining the balance in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reducing the absorption of Cd...
September 29, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Renata Matraszek, Barbara Hawrylak-Nowak, Stanisław Chwil, Mirosława Chwil
This study evaluated the possibility of improving the macronutrient status of Cd-stressed white mustard 'Rota' using intensive S nutrition. Three S-SO4 (2, 6, 9 mM S) and four CdCl2 doses (0, 0.0002, 0.02, 0.04 mM Cd) in the Hoagland's nutrient solution were conducted for 14 days. High S supply (6 or 9 mM) appears, to some extent, to affect positively the macronutrient status of Cd-stressed mustard. It increased roots and shoots contents of K and S, without significant changes in P content. Simultaneously, Mg content in shoots and roots remained stable, but Mg bioaccumulation was elevated...
2016: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Ran-Ran Zhang, Yue Liu, Wan-Lei Xue, Rong-Xin Chen, Shao-Ting Du, Chong-Wei Jin
Cadmium (Cd) pollution in vegetable crops has become a serious problem in recent years. Owing to the limited availability of arable land resources, large areas of Cd-contaminated lands are inevitably being used for the production of vegetables, posing great risks to human health via the food chain. However, strategies to improve yield and reduce Cd concentration in crops grown in contaminated soils are being developed. In the present study, using pot experiments, we investigated the effects of two slow-release nitrogen fertilizers (SRNFs), resin-coated ammonium nitrate (Osmocote313s), and resin-coated urea (urea620), on the growth and Cd concentration of the Cd-contaminated pakchoi...
September 27, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Roman V Briskine, Timothy Paape, Rie Shimizu-Inatsugi, Tomoaki Nishiyama, Satoru Akama, Jun Sese, Kentaro K Shimizu
The self-incompatible species Arabidopsis halleri is a close relative of the self-compatible model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. The broad European and Asian distribution and heavy metal hyperaccumulation ability makes A. halleri a useful model for ecological genomics studies.We used long-insert mate-pair libraries to improve the genome assembly of the A. halleri ssp.gemmifera Tada mine genotype (W302) collected from a site with high contamination by heavy metals in Japan. After five rounds of forced selfing, heterozygosity was reduced to 0...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Ecology Resources
Amina Khatun, Sandipan Pal, Aloke Kumar Mukherjee, Palas Samanta, Subinoy Mondal, Debraj Kole, Priyanka Chandra, Apurba Ratan Ghosh
Objectives: Present study deals with the analysis of metal contamination in sediment of East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW), a Ramsar site, which is receiving a huge amount of domestic and industrial wastewater from surrounding areas and their subsequent uptake and accumulation in different macrophytes in regard to phytoremediation potentiality. Methods: Metals like cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and lead (Pb) were estimated in sediment, water and different parts of the macrophytes viz...
September 8, 2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Xiaoyan He, Weite Zheng, Fangbin Cao, Feibo Wu
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is more acclimated to cadmium (Cd) uptake and preferentially enriches Cd in leaves than other crops. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in regulating expression of various stress response genes in plants. However, genome-wide expression of miRNAs and their target genes in response to Cd stress in tobacco are still unknown. Here, miRNA high-throughput sequencing technology was performed using two contrasting tobacco genotypes Guiyan 1 and Yunyan 2 of Cd-sensitive and tolerance...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
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