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Arsenic plant

Geeta Yadav, Prabhat Kumar Srivastava, Parul Parihar, Sanjesh Tiwari, Sheo Mohan Prasad
In order to know the impact of elevated level of UV-B on arsenic stressed Helianthus annuus L. var. DRSF-113 plants, certain physiological (growth - root and shoot lengths, their fresh masses and leaf area; photosynthetic competence and respiration) and biochemical parameters (pigments - Chl a and b, Car, anthocyanin and flavonoids; reactive oxygen species - superoxide radicals, H2O2; reactive carbonyl group, electrolyte leakage; antioxidants - superoxide dismutase, peroxidise, catalase, glutathione-S-transferase, proline) of their seedlings were analysed under the simultaneous exposures of two arsenic doses (6mgkg(-1) soil, As1; and 12mgkg(-1) soil, As2) and two UV-B doses (1...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
M S Kabir, M A Salam, D N R Paul, M I Hossain, N M F Rahman, Abdullah Aziz, M A Latif
Arsenic pollution became a great problem in the recent past in different countries including Bangladesh. The microlevel studies were conducted to see the spatial variation of arsenic in soils and plant parts contaminated through ground water irrigation. The study was performed in shallow tube well command areas in Sadar Upazila (subdistrict), Faridpur, Bangladesh, where both soil and irrigation water arsenic are high. Semivariogram models were computed to determine the spatial dependency of soil, water, grain, straw, and husk arsenic (As)...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Namrata Singh, Shubhi Srivastava, Sushma Rathaur, Nandita Singh
The arsenic tolerant bacterial strains Staphylococcus arlettae (NBRIEAG-6), Staphylococcus sp. (NBRIEAG-8) and Brevibacillus sp. (NBRIEAG-9) were tested for their roles in enhancing plant growth and induction of stress-related enzymes in rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. NDR-359) plants at two different concentrations, 30 and 15mg/kg of As(V) and As(III), respectively. An experiment was conducted to test the effect of these strains on plant growth promotion and arsenic uptake. We found 30%-40% reduction in total As uptake in bacteria-inoculated plants, with increased plant growth parameters compared to non-inoculated plants...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Ashish Agnihotri, Chandra Shekhar Seth
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) being a widespread and most commonly consumed vegetable all over the world has an important economic value for its producers and related food industries. It is a serious matter of concern as its production is affected by arsenic present in soil. So, the present study, investigated the toxicity of As(V) on photosynthetic performance along with nitrogen metabolism and its alleviation by exogenous application of nitrate. Plants were grown under natural conditions using soil spiked with 25 mg and 20 mM, As(V) and nitrate, respectively...
July 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Xiaoming Wan, Mei Lei, Tongbin Chen, Jie Ma
Arsenic (As) contamination and its harmful consequences have gained increasing attention in research. Phytoextraction, which uses the As hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L., is a well-established technology adopted in many countries. However, the hyperaccumulation mechanisms of this plant remain controversial. This study investigated the species and the micro-distribution of As species in three P. vittata L. ecotypes after exposure to arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) for 7d. Arsenic-accumulating abilities and preferences to As species varied among different ecotypes...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Teresa Fresno, Eduardo Moreno-Jiménez, Jesús M Peñalosa
The efficiency of combining iron sulfate and organic amendments (paper mill sludge, olive mill waste compost and olive tree pruning biochar) for the remediation of an As- and Cu-contaminated soil was evaluated. Changes in As and Cu fractionation and solubility due to the application of the amendments was explored by leachate analysis, single and sequential extractions. Also, the effects on Arrhenatherum elatius growth, germination of Lactuca sativa and toxicity to the bacteria Vibrio fischeri were assessed...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Chuan Wu, Qi Zou, Sheng-Guo Xue, Wei-Song Pan, Xu Yue, William Hartley, Liu Huang, Jing-Yu Mo
Four rice genotypes, two hybrid and two indica, were selected to investigate the effects of silicate (Si) application on arsenic (As) accumulation and speciation in rice and As fractionation in soil. There were significant differences in root, straw and grain biomass among genotypes (p < 0.05), and Si application significantly increased root (p < 0.05) and grain biomass (p < 0.001). Silicate addition reduced the proportion of As associated with well-crystallized hydrous oxides of Fe and Al and residual phases, whilst increasing the proportions of specifically-sorbed As and As associated with amorphous and poorly-crystalline Fe and Al hydrous oxides...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Zheyun Zhang, Hee Sun Moon, Satish C B Myneni, Peter R Jaffé
Microbial redox transformations of arsenic (As) are coupled to dissimilatory iron and sulfate reduction in the wetlands, however, the processes involved are complex and poorly defined. In this study, we investigated the effect of dissimilatory iron and sulfate reduction on As dynamics in the wetland rhizosphere and its bioaccumulation in plants using greenhouse mesocosms. Results show that high Fe (50μM ferrihydrite/g solid medium) and SO4(2-) (5mM) treatments are most favorable for As sequestration in the presence of wetland plants (Scirpus actus), probably because root exudates facilitate the microbial reduction of Fe(III), SO4(2-), and As(V) to sequester As(III) by incorporation into iron sulfides and/or plant uptake...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Fernando Uriel Rojas-Rojas, Marcel Huntemann, Alicia Clum, Manoj Pillay, Krishnaveni Palaniappan, Neha Varghese, Natalia Mikhailova, Dimitrios Stamatis, T B K Reddy, Victor Markowitz, Natalia Ivanova, Nikos Kyrpides, Tanja Woyke, Nicole Shapiro, J Antonio Ibarra, Paulina Estrada-de Los Santos
Cupriavidus alkaliphilus ASC-732(T) was isolated from the rhizosphere of agave plant growing in alkaline soils in San Carlos, Tamaulipas, Mexico. The species is able to grow in the presence of arsenic, zinc, and copper. The genome sequence of strain ASC-732(T) is 6,125,055 bp with 5,586 genes and an average G+C content of 67.81%.
2016: Genome Announcements
Shofiqul Islam, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, M R Islam, Ravi Naidu
Rice is an essential staple food and feeds over half of the world's population. Consumption of rice has increased from limited intake in Western countries some 50years ago to major dietary intake now. Rice consumption represents a major route for inorganic arsenic (As) exposure in many countries, especially for people with a large proportion of rice in their daily diet as much as 60%. Rice plants are more efficient in assimilating As into its grains than other cereal crops and the accumulation may also adversely affect the quality of rice and their nutrition...
September 17, 2016: Environment International
Kenan Gedik, Manoch Kongchum, Ronald D DeLaune, John J Sonnier
Louisiana is one of the world's largest producer of crayfish. Arsenic (As) and other metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) concentrations were determined in crayfish tissues, plant and soil samples collected from Louisiana paddy rice fields, where crayfish/rice rotation farming is a common practice. The samples were collected from November 2013 to April 2014 from three different crayfish farming systems. Concentration of As in rice grain, rice straw, and native vegetation ranged between 0.33 and 0.41, 3.14-4.93, and 3...
September 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Yong-He Han, Jing-Wei Fu, Ping Xiang, Yue Cao, Bala Rathinasabapathi, Yanshan Chen, Lena Q Ma
Microbially-mediated arsenic (As) transformation in soils affects As speciation and plant uptake. However, little is known about the impacts of As on bacterial communities and their functional genes in the rhizosphere of As-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. In this study, arsenite (AsIII) oxidase genes (aroA-like) and arsenate (AsV) reductase genes (arsC) were amplified from three soils, which were amended with 50mgkg(-1) As and/or 1.5% phosphate rock (PR) and grew P. vittata for 90 d. The aroA-like genes in the rhizosphere were 50 times more abundant than arsC genes, consistent with the dominance of AsV in soils...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Michael Simmler, Elke Suess, Iso Christl, Tsvetan Kotsev, Ruben Kretzschmar
Riverine floodplains downstream of active or former metal sulfide mines are in many cases contaminated with trace metals and metalloids, including arsenic (As). Since decontamination of such floodplains on a large scale is unfeasible, management of contaminated land must focus on providing land use guidelines or even restrictions. This should be based on knowledge about how contaminants enter the food chain. For As, uptake by plants may be an important pathway, but the As soil-to-plant transfer under field conditions is poorly understood...
September 7, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Pavel Tlustoš, Michal Hejcman, Martin Hůlka, Michaela Patáková, Eva Kunzová, Jiřina Száková
Crop rotation long-term field experiments were established in 1955 and 1956 at three locations in the Czech Republic (Čáslav, Ivanovice, and Lukavec) differing in their climatic and soil physicochemical properties. The effect of long-term application of farmyard manure and farmyard manure + NPK treatments on plant-available, easily mobilizable, potentially mobilizable, and pseudo-total contents of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) contents in soils (in 2013) as well as the uptake of these elements by winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L...
September 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Qinchun Li, Xiaoyan Yang, Hongbin Wang, Haijuan Wang, Shujuan He
A field survey was conducted to evaluate soil metal pollution and endogenous trans-zeatin content in the leaves of plants growing at six sites in a metal-polluted area located in Gejiu, Yunnan, China. Five plant species were collected, and the physicochemical properties and concentrations of five metals in the soil were analyzed. The trans-zeatin content in plant leaves was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Based on the Nemerow pollution index, the six sites were classified into four levels of pollution (i...
September 9, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jurate Kumpiene, Désirée Nordmark, Roger Hamberg, Ivan Carabante, Rūta Simanavičienė, Vladislovas Česlovas Aksamitauskas
Thermal treatment, if properly performed, is an effective way of destroying organic compounds in contaminated soil, while impact on co-present inorganic contaminants varies depending on the element. Leaching of trace elements in thermally treated soil can be altered by co-combusting different types of materials. This study aimed at assessing changes in mobility of As, Cr and Cu in thermally treated soil as affected by addition of industrial by-products prior to soil combustion. Contaminated soil was mixed with either waste of gypsum boards, a steel processing residue (Fe3O4), fly ash from wood and coal combustion or a steel abrasive (96...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Hua Zhang, Yili Zhang, Zhaofeng Wang, Mingjun Ding, Yinghui Jiang, Zhenglei Xie
To understand traffic-related metal(loid) status and uptake by dominant plants growing naturally in roadside soils in the Tibetan plateau, China, aboveground parts and root samples of three dominant plant species (Kalidium slenderbranch, Stipa purpurea, Kobresia pygmaea) were collected along the Qinghai-Tibet highway, and were analyzed for concentrations of traffic-related metal(loid)s such as chromium (Cr), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), and lead (Pb). The results indicated that concentrations of metal(loid)s in plant tissues varied greatly among plant species and sites...
September 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Sudhakar Srivastava, Manoj Shrivastava
The present study was aimed to analyze the effects of external Zn supply on arsenic (As) toxicity in Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle. The plants were exposed to arsenite (AsIII; 10 μM) with or without 50 and 100 μM Zn. The level of As accumulation (μg g(-1) dw) after 2 and 4 days was not significantly affected by Zn supply. The plants showed a significant stimulation of the thiol metabolism (non-protein thiols, cysteine, glutathione-S-transferase activity) upon As(III) exposure in the presence of Zn as compared to As(III) alone treatment...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
X L Otero, W Tierra, O Atiaga, D Guanoluisa, L M Nunes, T O Ferreira, J Ruales
Geogenic arsenic (As) can accumulate and reach high concentrations in rice grains, thus representing a potential threat to human health. Ecuador is one of the main consumers of rice in South America. However, there is no information available about the concentrations of As in rice agrosystems, although some water bodies are known to contain high levels of the element. We carried out extensive sampling of water, soil, rice plants and commercial rice (obtained from local markets). Water samples were analysed to determine physico-chemical properties and concentrations of dissolved arsenic...
August 31, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Shah Md Golam Gousul Azam, Tushar C Sarker, Sabrina Naz
Arsenic (As), a class one carcinogen, reflects a disastrous environmental threat due to its presence in each and every compartment of the environment. The high toxicity of As is notably present in its inorganic forms. Irrigation with As contaminated groundwater in rice fields increases As concentration in topsoil and its bioavailability for rice crops. However, most of the As in paddy field topsoils is present as As(III) form that predominant in rice grain. According to the OECD-FAO, rice is the second most extensively cultivated cereal throughout the world...
August 31, 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
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