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brain tumor spectroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688336/the-biochemical-nanomechanical-and-chemometric-signatures-of-brain-cancer
#1
Halina Abramczyk, Anna Imiela
Raman spectroscopy and imaging combined with AFM topography and mechanical indentation by AFM have been shown to be an effective tool for analysis and discrimination of human brain tumors from normal structures. Raman methods have potential to be applied in clinical practice as they allow for identification of tumor margins during surgery. In this study, we investigate medulloblastoma (grade IV WHO) (n=5) and the tissue from the negative margins used as normal controls. We compare a high grade medulloblastoma (IV grade), and non-tumor samples from human central nervous system (CNS) tissue...
June 30, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667395/-intra-axial-brain-tumors-in-adults-on-the-basis-of-the-2016-who-classification
#2
REVIEW
N Peitgen, P Papanagiotou
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: The influence of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification from 2016 on the radiological diagnosis for tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) in adults. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopy. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: In order to come as close as possible to the correct diagnosis of CNS tumors, MRI is the long-standing accepted method of choice that can in some cases be supported by the use of CT to demonstrate calcification or bone destruction...
June 30, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640699/brain-tumor-imaging
#3
Kevin M Brindle, José L Izquierdo-García, David Y Lewis, Richard J Mair, Alan J Wright
Modern imaging techniques, particularly functional imaging techniques that interrogate some specific aspect of underlying tumor biology, have enormous potential in neuro-oncology for disease detection, grading, and tumor delineation to guide biopsy and resection; monitoring treatment response; and targeting radiotherapy. This brief review considers the role of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy, and positron emission tomography in these areas and discusses the factors that limit translation of new techniques to the clinic, in particular, the cost and difficulties associated with validation in multicenter clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631186/association-between-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-amplification-and-adp-ribosylation-factor-1-methylation-in-human-glioblastoma
#4
Concha López-Ginés, Lara Navarro, Lisandra Muñoz-Hidalgo, Enrique Buso, José Manuel Morales, Rosario Gil-Benso, Mariela Gregori-Romero, Javier Megías, Pedro Roldán, Remedios Segura-Sabater, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Daniel Monleón, Miguel Cerdá-Nicolás
PURPOSE: Glioblastoma (GB) is the most frequent and most malignant primary brain tumor in adults. Previously, it has been found that both genetic and epigenetic factors may play critical roles in its etiology and prognosis. In addition, it has been found that the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) is frequently over-expressed and amplified in primary GBs. Here, we assessed the promoter methylation status of 10 genes relevant to GB and explored associations between these findings and the EGFR gene amplification status...
June 19, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558795/non-caloric-sweetener-provides-magnetic-resonance-imaging-contrast-for-cancer-detection
#5
Puneet Bagga, Mohammad Haris, Kevin D'Aquilla, Neil E Wilson, Francesco M Marincola, Mitchell D Schnall, Hari Hariharan, Ravinder Reddy
BACKGROUND: Image contrast enhanced by exogenous contrast agents plays a crucial role in the early detection, characterization, and determination of the precise location of cancers. Here, we investigate the feasibility of using a non-nutritive sweetener, sucralose (commercial name, Splenda), as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent for cancer studies. METHODS: High-resolution nuclear-magnetic-resonance spectroscopy and MR studies on sucralose solution phantom were performed to detect the chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) property of sucralose hydroxyl protons with bulk water (sucCEST)...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555065/a-novel-micro-cold-atmospheric-plasma-device-for-glioblastoma-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#6
Zhitong Chen, Hayk Simonyan, Xiaoqian Cheng, Eda Gjika, Li Lin, Jerome Canady, Jonathan H Sherman, Colin Young, Michael Keidar
Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) treatment is a rapidly expanding and emerging technology for cancer treatment. Direct CAP jet irradiation is limited to the skin and it can also be invoked as a supplement therapy during surgery as it only causes cell death in the upper three to five cell layers. However, the current cannulas from which the plasma emanates are too large for intracranial applications. To enhance efficiency and expand the applicability of the CAP method for brain tumors and reduce the gas flow rate and size of the plasma jet, a novel micro-sized CAP device (µCAP) was developed and employed to target glioblastoma tumors in the murine brain...
May 30, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548710/measurement-of-glycine-in-healthy-and-tumorous-brain-by-triple-refocusing-mrs-at-3%C3%A2-t-in-vivo
#7
Vivek Tiwari, Zhongxu An, Sandeep K Ganji, Jeannie Baxter, Toral R Patel, Edward Pan, Bruce E Mickey, Elizabeth A Maher, Marco C Pinho, Changho Choi
Glycine (Gly) has been implicated in several neurological disorders, including malignant brain tumors. The precise measurement of Gly is challenging largely as a result of the spectral overlap with myo-inositol (mI). We report a new triple-refocusing sequence for the reliable co-detection of Gly and mI at 3 T and for the evaluation of Gly in healthy and tumorous brain. The sequence parameters were optimized with density-matrix simulations and phantom validation. With a total TE of 134 ms, the sequence gave complete suppression of the mI signal between 3...
May 26, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516076/primary-central-nervous-system-vasculitis-mimicking-a-cortical-brain-tumor-a-case-report
#8
Joo-Seok Lee, Tae-Young Jung, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Seul-Kee Kim
We report a case of primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV) mimicking a cortical brain tumor. A 25-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of headache and transient right hemiparesis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a cortical-involving lesion on the left frontal lobe. The 6-cm sized lesion showed low signal intensity on T1-weighted images and high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. The lesion had continual linear enhancement on the subcortical white matter and leptomeninges...
April 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506858/accuracy-of-1h-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-for-quantification-of-2-hydroxyglutarate-using-linear-combination-and-j-difference-editing-at-9-4t
#9
Ulf Neuberger, Philipp Kickingereder, Xavier Helluy, Manuel Fischer, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland
Non-invasive detection of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) by magnetic resonance spectroscopy is attractive since it is related to tumor metabolism. Here, we compare the detection accuracy of 2HG in a controlled phantom setting via widely used localized spectroscopy sequences quantified by linear combination of metabolite signals vs. a more complex approach applying a J-difference editing technique at 9.4T. Different phantoms, comprised out of a concentration series of 2HG and overlapping brain metabolites, were measured with an optimized point-resolved-spectroscopy sequence (PRESS) and an in-house developed J-difference editing sequence...
May 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Medizinische Physik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486641/current-clinical-brain-tumor-imaging
#10
Javier E Villanueva-Meyer, Marc C Mabray, Soonmee Cha
Neuroimaging plays an ever evolving role in the diagnosis, treatment planning, and post-therapy assessment of brain tumors. This review provides an overview of current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods routinely employed in the care of the brain tumor patient. Specifically, we focus on advanced techniques including diffusion, perfusion, spectroscopy, tractography, and functional MRI as they pertain to noninvasive characterization of brain tumors and pretreatment evaluation. The utility of both structural and physiological MRI in the post-therapeutic brain evaluation is also reviewed with special attention to the challenges presented by pseudoprogression and pseudoresponse...
May 9, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415660/accuracy-of-raman-spectroscopy-in-differentiating-brain-tumor-from-normal-brain-tissue
#11
REVIEW
Jing Zhang, Yimeng Fan, Min He, Xuelei Ma, Yanlin Song, Ming Liu, Jianguo Xu
Raman spectroscopy could be applied to distinguish tumor from normal tissues. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the accuracy of Raman spectroscopy in differentiating brain tumor from normal brain tissue. PubMed and Embase were searched to identify suitable studies prior to Jan 1st, 2016. We estimated the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and constructed summary receiver operating characteristics (SROC) curves to identity the accuracy of Raman spectroscopy in differentiating brain tumor from normal brain tissue...
May 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385884/classification-of-high-grade-glioma-into-tumor-and-nontumor-components-using-support-vector-machine
#12
D T Blumenthal, M Artzi, G Liberman, F Bokstein, O Aizenstein, D Ben Bashat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current imaging assessment of high-grade brain tumors relies on the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria, which measure gross volume of enhancing and nonenhancing lesions from conventional MRI sequences. These assessments may fail to reliably distinguish tumor and nontumor. This study aimed to classify enhancing and nonenhancing lesion areas into tumor-versus-nontumor components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 MRI scans obtained from 32 patients with high-grade gliomas and 6 patients with brain metastases were included...
April 6, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358926/genetically-engineered-rat-gliomas-pdgf-driven-tumor-initiation-and-progression-in-tv-a-transgenic-rats-recreate-key-features-of-human-brain-cancer
#13
Nina P Connolly, Jesse A Stokum, Craig S Schneider, Tatsuya Ozawa, Su Xu, Rebeca Galisteo, Rudolph J Castellani, Anthony J Kim, J Marc Simard, Jeffrey A Winkles, Eric C Holland, Graeme F Woodworth
Previously rodent preclinical research in gliomas frequently involved implantation of cell lines such as C6 and 9L into the rat brain. More recently, mouse models have taken over, the genetic manipulability of the mouse allowing the creation of genetically accurate models outweighed the disadvantage of its smaller brain size that limited time allowed for tumor progression. Here we illustrate a method that allows glioma formation in the rat using the replication competent avian-like sarcoma (RCAS) virus / tumor virus receptor-A (tv-a) transgenic system of post-natal cell type-specific gene transfer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355722/-a-clinical-analysis-of-5-patients-with-infratentorial-primary-angiitis-of-central-nervous-system
#14
L J Peng, H R Qian, L L Mao, D Y Xia, X K Qi
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of infratentorial primary angiitis in central nervous system(PACNS). Methods: A total of 5 cases diagnosed as infratentorial PACNS in the neurology department of Navy General Hospital of PLA in 2015 were enrolled in the study. The clinical, imaging and pathological data were collected and analyzed. Results: All the 5 cases were male with the median onset age of thirty-four. Five cases presented with dizziness, two with headache, three with walking unstable, two with facial numbness and one with dysarthria...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331947/-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-of-brain-tumors
#15
P Ditter, E Hattingen
BACKGROUND: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) under consideration of clinical information enables the correct diagnosis and therapy for the majority of cerebral space-occupying lesions. Some important differential diagnoses, e. g. low vs. high-grade tumors, require additional MRI methods. OBJECTIVE: This article critically discusses the importance of magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) in brain tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The concentration of normal and pathological brain metabolites can be non-invasively measured by (1)H-MRS...
June 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327577/metabolic-profiling-of-idh-mutation-and-malignant-progression-in-infiltrating-glioma
#16
Llewellyn E Jalbert, Adam Elkhaled, Joanna J Phillips, Evan Neill, Aurelia Williams, Jason C Crane, Marram P Olson, Annette M Molinaro, Mitchel S Berger, John Kurhanewicz, Sabrina M Ronen, Susan M Chang, Sarah J Nelson
Infiltrating low grade gliomas (LGGs) are heterogeneous in their behavior and the strategies used for clinical management are highly variable. A key factor in clinical decision-making is that patients with mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1/2) oncogenes are more likely to have a favorable outcome and be sensitive to treatment. Because of their relatively long overall median survival, more aggressive treatments are typically reserved for patients that have undergone malignant progression (MP) to an anaplastic glioma or secondary glioblastoma (GBM)...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323657/histology-and-gadolinium-distribution-in-the-rodent-brain-after-the-administration-of-cumulative-high-doses-of-linear-and-macrocyclic-gadolinium-based-contrast-agents
#17
Jessica Lohrke, Anna-Lena Frisk, Thomas Frenzel, Laura Schöckel, Martin Rosenbruch, Gregor Jost, Diana Constanze Lenhard, Martin A Sieber, Volker Nischwitz, Astrid Küppers, Hubertus Pietsch
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective studies in patients with primary brain tumors or other central nervous system pathologies as well as postmortem studies have suggested that gadolinium (Gd) deposition occurs in the dentate nucleus (DN) and globus pallidus (GP) after multiple administrations of primarily linear Gd-based contrast agents (GBCAs). However, this deposition has not been associated with any adverse effects or histopathological alterations. The aim of this preclinical study was to systematically examine differences between linear and macrocyclic GBCAs in their potential to induce changes in brain and skin histology including Gd distribution in high spatial resolution...
June 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306418/an-mrs-and-pet-guided-biopsy-tool-for-intraoperative-neuronavigational-systems
#18
Matthew Grech-Sollars, Babar Vaqas, Gerard Thompson, Tara Barwick, Lesley Honeyfield, Kevin O'Neill, Adam D Waldman
OBJECTIVE Glioma heterogeneity and the limitations of conventional structural MRI for identifying aggressive tumor components can limit the reliability of stereotactic biopsy and, hence, tumor characterization, which is a hurdle for developing and selecting effective treatment strategies. In vivo MR spectroscopy (MRS) and PET enable noninvasive imaging of cellular metabolism relevant to proliferation and can detect regions of more highly active tumor. Here, the authors integrated presurgical PET and MRS with intraoperative neuronavigation to guide surgical biopsy and tumor sampling of brain gliomas with the aim of improving intraoperative tumor-tissue characterization and imaging biomarker validation...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295679/guiding-brain-tumor-surgery-via-blood-brain-barrier-permeable-gold-nanoprobes-with-acid-triggered-mri-serrs-signals
#19
Xihui Gao, Qi Yue, Zining Liu, Mengjing Ke, Xingyu Zhou, Sihan Li, Jianping Zhang, Ren Zhang, Liang Chen, Ying Mao, Cong Li
Surgical resection is a mainstay in the treatment of malignant brain tumors. Surgeons, however, face great challenges in distinguishing tumor margins due to their infiltrated nature. Here, a pair of gold nanoprobes that enter a brain tumor by crossing the blood-brain barrier is developed. The acidic tumor environment triggers their assembly with the concomitant activation of both magnetic resonance (MR) and surface-enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy (SERRS) signals. While the bulky aggregates continuously trap into the tumor interstitium, the intact nanoprobes in normal brain tissue can be transported back into the blood stream in a timely manner...
June 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287461/alkoxy-and-enediyne-derivatives-containing-1-4-benzoquinone-subunits-synthesis-and-antitumor-activity
#20
Monika Kadela-Tomanek, Ewa Bębenek, Elwira Chrobak, Małgorzata Latocha, Stanisław Boryczka
The compounds produced by a living organism are most commonly as medicinal agents and starting materials for the preparation of new semi-synthetic derivatives. One of the largest groups of natural compounds consists of products containing a 1,4-benzoquinone subunit. This fragment occurs in three enediyne antibiotics, dynemicin A, deoxydynemicin A, and uncilamicin, which exhibit high biological activity. A series of alkoxy derivatives containing 1,4-naphthoquinone, 5,8-quinolinedione, and 2-methyl-5,8-quinolinedione moieties was synthesized...
March 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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