Read by QxMD icon Read

functional outcome after revision hip arthroplasty

Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Munjed Al Muderis, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Maria-Angela Clifford, Andreas Toepfer
BACKGROUND: Cementless fixation of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is often favored in young, high-demanding patients due to the conservation of valuable bone-stock and easier revision if loosening has occurred. Long-term outcome data of the spongy metal structured implant used in the present study in patients younger than 65 years are still lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and functional investigation (Merle d'Aubigné score, SF-12) of patients younger than 65 years at implantation treated with a spongy metal structured THA (n = 79) from one orthopedic university center from 1985 to 1989...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Kathryn Gill, Sarah L Whitehouse, Matthew J W Hubble, Matthew J Wilson
BACKGROUND: Dislocation following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a complication with an incidence of 2%-5%. This study examines the clinical and radiological outcome of a constrained acetabular implant used in primary THA in high-risk patients to prevent dislocation. METHODS: 54 patients with 55 constrained implants for primary THA were reviewed clinically and radiologically. Oxford, Harris Hip and Charlson scores were recorded. RESULTS: 54 patients, with an average age of 83...
October 8, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Baochao Ji, Boyong Xu, Wentao Guo, Aili Rehei, Wenbo Mu, Desheng Yang, Li Cao
PURPOSE: Removal of an infected prosthesis was considered the gold standard for eradication of infection. However, removal of well-fixed components can result in structural bone damage and compromised reconstruction. In these situations we questioned whether the infection after the total hip arthroplasty could be treated effectively and retain the well-fixed implant in a single-stage exchange. METHODS: A retrospective analysis which included 31 patients with chronic infected THA who underwent major partial single-stage revision, including routinely exchanged femoral head and liner components, aggressive soft tissue debridement, removal of the femoral stem or acetabular cup and retention of the well-fixed component, thorough exposed component brushing, and adequate surgical soaking...
September 20, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Juan Miguel Rodríguez-Roiz, Guillem Bori, Xavier Tomas, Jenaro A Fernández-Valencia, Ana Isabel García-Díez, Jaume Pomés, Sebastián Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophy of the tensor fascia lata muscle (HTFLM) is a rare complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and is a potential source of pain, palpable mass, or both. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1285 primary THAs and 482 THA revisions (THAR) performed at our center from 2008 to 2014. Among these, five patients had HTFLM (average age 68.8 years). The type of surgery and symptoms were evaluated, as were imaging studies (CT or MRI) of both hips (10 hips), and functional outcomes with the Merle d'Aubigné score...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jonathon M Spanyer, Christopher M Beaumont, Jonathan G Yerasimides
BACKGROUND: Anterior column deficiency of the pelvis may pose a serious threat to the stability of the acetabular component after total hip arthroplasty and, thus, jeopardize the overall success of the procedure. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective review was undertaken to identify all patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty with anterior column augmentation through an extended direct anterior approach. Demographics and surgical details were collected, and subjects were followed for a 2-year minimum period to measure patient outcomes and to evaluate for the stability of construct fixation...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
J Schmolders, S Koob, P Schepers, S Gravius, D C Wirtz, C Burger, P H Pennekamp, A C Strauss
Introduction/Background: With extended life expectancy, the number of primary joint arthroplasties has also increased. Revision surgery is also more often necessary, due to aseptic or septic loosening of the prosthesis or periprosthetic fracture. Large bone defects often occur in these patients and several non-modular, conventional implants are available to handle this difficult situation. Custom made implants offer an individually designed and defect-adapted shape with perfect covering of the lesion, but may delay the operation...
September 15, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Yavuz Saglam, Irfan Ozturk, Mehmet Fevzi Cakmak, Mustafa Ozdemir, Onder Yazicioglu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred five hips of 61 AS patients (mean age: 41.3 ± 10.2 years) who underwent THA between 1997 and 2012 were included into the study. Dorr's classification of proximal femoral geometry, acetabular protrusio, bone ankylosis, acetabular protrusion, Brooker classification of heterotopic ossification (HO), Gruen and Charnley classifications of implant loosening were used in radiographic assessments...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Imran Ilyas, Husam Alrumaih, Samar Rabbani
BACKGROUND: Femoral bone deficiency is a challenging problem in revision femoral arthroplasty in younger patients. We evaluated outcomes of revision femoral arthroplasty using a freeze-dried allograft prosthetic composite (APC). METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 16 patients (12 men and 4 women) who had unilateral proximal femoral deficiencies (Paprosky type III B, 13 patients; type IV, 3 patients) revised with freeze-dried APC. Follow-up at mean 7 years included assessment with Merle D'Aubigné score and radiographs...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ewout S Veltman, Dirk Jan F Moojen, Mathias Glehr, Rudolf W Poolman
BACKGROUND: 2-stage revision with the use of an antibiotic-loaded interval spacer is therapy of choice in late periprosthetic joint infection for most surgeons. For the spacer, either a prefabricated, functional articulating or custom-made spacer can be used. Little is known about which type of spacer provides optimal outcome after 2-stage revision. The aim of this study was to determine which type of spacer provides the best results, when used in 2-stage revision of an infected THA. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature to analyse which type of interval spacer provides highest infection eradication rate and best functional outcome after a minimum 2 year follow-up...
July 25, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Jan Schmolders, Grigoris Amvrazis, Peter H Pennekamp, Andreas Christian Strauss, Max Julian Friedrich, Matthias D Wimmer, Yorck Rommelspacher, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Thomas Wallny
PURPOSE: Compared to older patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) younger patients are considered to be more active, thereby exposing the implant to significantly higher loads over a much longer period of time. Additionally, cases of secondary osteoarthritis caused by hip dysplasia, femoral head necrosis or rheumatic diseases are much more frequent than among the average patient population. Therefore, durable implant fixation and low wear rates are extremely important to achieve good long-term implant survival in this group of patients...
May 30, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Egbert J D Veen, Joost C M Schrier, Esther Van't Riet, Mark J Breslau, Alexander F W Barnaart
INTRODUCTION: There is current debate about which type of total hip prosthesis implants are best for the elderly patient. Implanting uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) in elderly people remains contested. The aim of present study was to evaluate the outcome of the uncemented Zweymüller BICON-PLUS THA in those with a minimum of 80 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective data collection was performed in a regional teaching hospital in the Netherlands...
June 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
S Konan, C P Duncan, B A Masri, D S Garbuz
AIMS: Reconstruction of the acetabulum after failed total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be a surgical challenge in the presence of severe bone loss. We report the long-term survival of a porous tantalum revision acetabular component, its radiological appearance and quality of life outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the results of 46 patients who had undergone revision of a failed acetabular component with a Paprosky II or III bone defect and reconstruction with a hemispherical, tantalum acetabular component, supplementary screws and a cemented polyethylene liner...
June 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Robert Döring, Thorsten Jentzsch, Max J Scheyerer, William Pfäffli, Clément M L Werner
BACKGROUND: Displaced femoral neck fractures are common in the elderly patient. The surgical treatment options consist of a hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the best surgical choice is still under debate. Bipolar HAs do not address preexisting arthritic changes of the acetabulum, which may lead to an unfavorable clinical outcome. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a long term follow-up analysis of the bipolar hemiarthroplasty with particular focus on the influence of preoperative acetabular osteoarthritis on the functional outcome...
May 23, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Roland P Walker, Matthew Gee, Fabian Wong, Zameer Shah, Marc George, Marcus J K Bankes, Adil Ajuied
INTRODUCTION: Young adult hip surgery is a growing subspecialty. Increasingly total hip arthroplasty (THA) is offered to patients aged 30 or less suffering from end-stage hip arthropathy from a variety of congenital, developmental and acquired conditions. There is a paucity of evidence to advise such patients and surgeons alike on the functional outcomes of THA in this age group, as individual studies tend to include small cohorts. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess whether THA in patients aged 30 years or less provides significant functional improvement...
May 11, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Jasvinder A Singh, Robert C Colligan, Megan M O'Byrne, David G Lewallen
BACKGROUND: Seligman's theory of causal attribution predicts that patients with a pessimistic explanatory style will have less favorable health outcomes. We investigated this hypothesis using self-reported hip pain and hip function 2- years after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Most THA patients had completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) during their usual clinical care long before THA (median, 14.7 to 16.6 years). Scores from the MMPI Optimism-Pessimism (PSM) scale were used to categorize patients as pessimistic (t-score >60) or non-pessimistic (t score ≤60)...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Roger Erivan, Guillaume Villatte, Youcef Reda Khelif, Bruno Pereira, Myriam Galvin, Stéphane Descamps, Stéphane Boisgard
BACKGROUND: The M.E. Müller (MEM) prosthesis is a self-locking straight stem. Although this prosthesis is widely used, few outcomes have been published thus far. METHODS: We examined long-term outcomes with the MEM cemented self-locking total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a polyethylene liner and 28-mm head. Between 1993 and 1994, 167 patients (173 hips) underwent primary THA implantation and were invited for clinical and radiological review a mean of 20.6 (20.1 - 21...
April 25, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Mohamed Ghanem, Almuth Glase, Dirk Zajonz, Andreas Roth, Christoph-E Heyde, Christoph Josten, Georg von Salis-Soglio
INTRODUCTION: Revision arthroplasty of the hip is becoming increasingly important in recent years. Early primary arthroplasty and longer life expectancy of the patients increases the number of revision surgery. Revision surgery of hip arthroplasty is major surgery for the patients, especially the elderly, with significant risks concerning the general condition of the patient. The aim of this work is to evaluate the outcome of bipolar hip arthroplasty as a salvage procedure for treatment of loosening of the acetabular cup with significant acetabular bone defects after total hip replacement (THR) in multi-morbid patients...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
Anna Rienmüller, Olivier Borens
BACKGROUND: With improved diagnostic methods and longer prosthesis indwelling time, the frequency of diagnosed Propionibacterium prosthetic joint infections (PJI) is increasing. Data on clinical, microbiological, radiological and surgical treatment are limited, and importance of this organism in PJI is probably underestimated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with PJI caused by Propionibacterium spp. diagnosed at our institution between 2000 and 2012...
May 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
M J Reidy, A Faulkner, B Shitole, B Clift
AIMS: The long-term functional outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed by trainees is not known. A multicentre retrospective study of 879 THAs was undertaken to investigate any differences in outcome between those performed by trainee surgeons and consultants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 879 patients with a mean age of 69.5 years (37 to 94) were included in the study; 584 THAs (66.4%) were undertaken by consultants, 138 (15.7%) by junior trainees and 148 (16...
March 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Julian Joestl, Marcus Hofbauer, Nikolaus Lang, Thomas Tiefenboeck, Stefan Hajdu
INTRODUCTION: Revision arthroplasty is currently the recommended treatment for periprosthetic femoral fractures after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and stem loosening (Vancouver B2). However, open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) utilizing locking compression plate (LCP) might be an effective treatment with a reduced surgical time and less complex procedure in a typically elderly patient collective with multiple comorbidities. The purpose of this study was to compare the functional and radiographic outcomes in two cohorts with Vancouver B2 periprosthetic femoral fractures after primary THA, treated either by ORIF with LCP fixation, or by revision arthroplasty utilizing a non-cemented long femoral stem...
April 2016: Injury
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"