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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427355/identifying-and-characterizing-hepatitis-c-virus-hotspots-in-massachusetts-a-spatial-epidemiological-approach
#2
Thomas J Stopka, Michael A Goulart, David J Meyers, Marga Hutcheson, Kerri Barton, Shauna Onofrey, Daniel Church, Ashley Donahue, Kenneth K H Chui
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have increased during the past decade but little is known about geographic clustering patterns. METHODS: We used a unique analytical approach, combining geographic information systems (GIS), spatial epidemiology, and statistical modeling to identify and characterize HCV hotspots, statistically significant clusters of census tracts with elevated HCV counts and rates. We compiled sociodemographic and HCV surveillance data (n = 99,780 cases) for Massachusetts census tracts (n = 1464) from 2002 to 2013...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423087/epidemiological-aspects-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-acl-in-an-endemic-area-of-forest-extractivist-culture-in-western-brazilian-amazonia
#3
Andreia Fernandes Brilhante, Leonardo Augusto Kohatsu Melchior, Vânia Lúcia Brandão Nunes, Cristiane de Oliveira Cardoso, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati
The study sought to analyze clinical and epidemiological aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Xapuri, Acre, Brazil. Data from 2008 to 2014 registered in the notification records of the disease of the Information System of the Complaints of Notification (SINAN), and the data of the Information Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) available from 2007 to 2013 were used and analyzed in the light of the statistics of the temporal series by the Prais-Winsten method and chi-squared test. A total of 906 cases were registered with 60...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422593/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-investigation-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-ii-biostatistical-methods
#4
Amaury Pozos-Guillén, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel
The main purpose of the second part of this series was to provide the reader with some basic aspects of the most common biostatistical methods employed in health sciences, in order to better understand the validity, significance and reliability of the results from any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, as mentioned in the first paper, Pediatric Dentists need basic biostatistical knowledge to be able to apply it when critically appraise a dental article during the Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD) process, or when participating in the development of a clinical study with dental pediatric patients...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419893/carbon-monoxide-related-fatalities-a-60-year-single-institution-experience
#5
Martin Janík, Michaela Ublová, Štepánka Kučerová, Petr Hejna
OBJECTIVE: Though carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings account currently for a relatively small percentage of total non-natural deaths in Europe, they represent a serious public health burden and significant component of avoidable mortality in many countries. Our aim was to investigate long-term trends and to determine epidemiologic characteristics of the CO-related deaths in the Czech Republic, recorded at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Hradec Králové. METHODS: This was an autopsy-based single-centre retrospective cohort study of all fatalities caused by CO poisoning over six decades (1947-2006)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417994/trends-in-epidemiology-of-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-canada-distributed-network-analysis-of-multiple-population-based-provincial-health-administrative-databases
#6
Eric I Benchimol, Charles N Bernstein, Alain Bitton, Matthew W Carroll, Harminder Singh, Anthony R Otley, Maria Vutcovici, Wael El-Matary, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Anne M Griffiths, David R Mack, Kevan Jacobson, Nassim Mojaverian, Divine Tanyingoh, Yunsong Cui, Zoann J Nugent, Janie Coulombe, Laura E Targownik, Jennifer L Jones, Desmond Leddin, Sanjay K Murthy, Gilaad G Kaplan
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing worldwide. We used population-based health administrative data to determine national Canadian IBD incidence, prevalence, and trends over time of childhood-onset IBD. METHODS: We identified children <16 years (y) diagnosed with IBD 1999-2010 from health administrative data in five provinces (Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec), comprising 79.2% of the Canadian population...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416129/increase-in-parkinson-s-disease-related-mortality-among-males-in-northern-italy
#7
Ugo Fedeli, Elena Schievano
BACKGROUND: According to standard mortality statistics based on the underlying cause of death (UCOD), mortality from Parkinson's disease (PD) is increasing in most European countries. However, mortality trends are better investigated taking into account all the diseases reported in the death certificate (multiple causes of death approach, MCOD). METHODS: All deaths of residents in the Veneto Region (Northern Italy) aged≥45 years with any mention of PD were extracted from 2008 to 2015...
April 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412165/effects-of-a-community-based-program-for-oral-health-and-nutrition-on-cost-effectiveness-by-preventing-disability-in-japanese-frail-elderly-a-quasi-experimental-study-using-propensity-score-matching
#8
Yasutake Tomata, Takashi Watanabe, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Shu Zhang, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
OBJECTIVE: In the Japanese Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) system, a community-based program for oral health and nutrition (OHN program) has been implemented with the aim of reducing incident disability and care costs. However, the effectiveness of this program has not been confirmed epidemiologically. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the OHN program does reduce incident disability and care costs. DESIGN: A prospective study with a 28-month follow-up period was conducted using data from administrative databases at Tagajo City, Japan...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#9
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407155/benefits-of-being-a-healthy-perfectionist-examining-profiles-in-relation-to-nurses-well-being
#10
Yuhsuan Chang
The aim of the current study was to examine perfectionism in relation to burn-out and depressive symptoms in nurses. The sample comprised 581 nurses from various medical units in several regional hospitals in Taiwan. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey, and Almost Perfect Scale-Revised were used to assess depressive symptoms, burnout, and perfectionism. Response data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson's product-moment correlation, cluster analysis, and one-way analysis of variance...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405229/epidemiologic-burden-of-hospitalisation-for-congestive-heart-failure-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-19%C3%A2-years-in-the-philippines
#11
Bernadette A Tumanan-Mendoza, Victor L Mendoza, April Ann A Bermudez-Delos Santos, Felix Eduardo R Punzalan, Noemi S Pestaño, Rudy Boy Natividad, Louie Alfred Shiu, Renelene Macabeo
OBJECTIVES: The study determined the prevalence of hospitalisation due to congestive heart failure (CHF) among adult patients aged 19 years and above in the Philippines and its 17 regions in 2014. It also determined the demographic profile of these patients, aetiology and type of CHF, comorbidities, duration of hospitalisation and the overall in-hospital mortality rate. METHODS: Data collection was done using the hospitalisation claims database of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth)...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403153/epidemiological-analysis-of-leishmania-tropica-strains-and-giemsa-stained-smears-from-syrian-and-turkish-leishmaniasis-patients-using-multilocus-microsatellite-typing-mlmt
#12
Mehmet Karakuş, Abed Nasereddin, Hüseyin Onay, Emin Karaca, Ahmet Özkeklikçi, Charles L Jaffe, Katrin Kuhls, Ahmet Özbilgin, Hatice Ertabaklar, Samiye Demir, Yusuf Özbel, Seray Töz
Turkey is located in an important geographical location, in terms of the epidemiology of vector-borne diseases, linking Asia and Europe. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the endemic diseases in a Turkey and according to the Ministry Health of Turkey, 45% of CL patients originate from Şanlıurfa province located in southeastern Turkey. Herein, the epidemiological status of CL, caused by L. tropica, in Turkey was examined using multilocus microsatellite typing (MLMT) of strains obtained from Turkish and Syrian patients...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399850/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-general-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-%C3%A2-in-a-french-representative-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Frederic Denis, Mohamad Hamad, Benoit Trojak, Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Corinne Rat, Jean-François Pelletier, Nathalie Rude
BACKGROUND: The "General Oral Health Assessment Index" (GOHAI) was widely used in clinical or epidemiological studies worldwide, as it was available for use in different languages. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the GOHAI in a representative sample of patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 90 schizophrenic patients (in-patients and out-patients) were recruited from the participants of the "buccodor study" (NCT02167724) between March and September 2015...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399572/correction-of-selection-bias-in-survey-data-is-the-statistical-cure-worse-than-the-bias
#14
James A Hanley
In previous articles in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177(5):431-442) and American Journal of Public Health (Am J Public Health. 2013;103(10):1895-1901), Masters et al. reported age-specific hazard ratios for the contrasts in mortality rates between obesity categories. They corrected the observed hazard ratios for selection bias caused by what they postulated was the nonrepresentativeness of the participants in the National Health Interview Study that increased with age, obesity, and ill health...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399354/epidemiology-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-shumadia-district-serbia-a-fifteen-year-retrospective-study
#15
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396367/lyme-disease-and-bell-s-palsy-an-epidemiological-study-of-diagnosis-and-risk-in-england
#16
Lilli Cooper, Michael Branagan-Harris, Richard Tuson, Charles Nduka
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is caused by a tick-borne spirochaete of the Borrelia species. It is associated with facial palsy, is increasingly common in England, and may be misdiagnosed as Bell's palsy.Aim To produce an accurate map of Lyme disease diagnosis in England and to identify patients at risk of developing associated facial nerve palsy, to enable prevention, early diagnosis, and effective treatment.Design and setting Hospital episode statistics (HES) data in England from the Health and Social Care Information Centre were interrogated from April 2011 to March 2015 for International Classification of Diseases 10th revision (ICD-10) codes A69...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395310/national-estimates-of-exposure-to-formaldehyde-in-italian-workplaces
#17
Alberto Scarselli, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Sergio Iavicoli
Purpose: Formaldehyde is classified as human carcinogen and the association with nasopharyngeal cancer has been observed in many epidemiological studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate data about occupational exposure levels to formaldehyde in the Italian working force. Methods: Airborne concentrations of formaldehyde were extracted from the Italian database on occupational exposure to carcinogens and refer to the period 1996-2014. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390661/ambient-air-pollution-and-low-birth-weight-are-some-women-more-vulnerable-than-others
#18
Nadja Westergaard, Ulrike Gehring, Rémy Slama, Marie Pedersen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ambient air pollution is controllable, and it is one of the greatest environmental threats to human health. Studies conducted worldwide have provided evidence that maternal exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy enhances the risk of low birth weight at term (TLBW, <2500g among infants born ≥37 completed weeks of gestation), a maker of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and suggest that some subgroups of pregnant women who are smoking, of low or high body-mass index (BMI), low socioeconomic status (SES) or asthma are more vulnerable towards the effect of ambient air pollution...
April 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387141/nationwide-incidence-of-motor-neuron-disease-using-the-french-health-insurance-information-system-database
#19
Sofiane Kab, Frédéric Moisan, Pierre-Marie Preux, Benoît Marin, Alexis Elbaz
OBJECTIVE: There are no estimates of the nationwide incidence of motor neuron disease (MND) in France. We used the French health insurance information system to identify incident MND cases (2012-2014), and compared incidence figures to those from three external sources. METHODS: We identified incident MND cases (2012-2014) based on three data sources (riluzole claims, hospitalisation records, long-term chronic disease benefits), and computed MND incidence by age, gender, and geographic region...
April 7, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386744/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-korean-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Min Young Kim, Sungmin Boo, Mijung Yoo, Jonghyun Lee, Na Ree Kang
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging issue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD, loss of muscle mass is relatively common finding, and diagnosis of CKD should be based on measured or estimated GFR (Cavailles et al. Eur Respir Rev 22:454-475, 2013; Gosker et al. Am J Clin Nutr 71:1033-1047, 2000; Delanaye and Mariat Nat Rev Nephrol 9:513-522, 2013). We aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of CKD, defined by using chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, in COPD patients...
April 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
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