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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691797/designing-a-score-based-method-for-the-evaluation-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-the-gluten-free-bakery-products-and-their-gluten-containing-counterparts
#1
Federico Morreale, Donato Angelino, Nicoletta Pellegrini
Gluten-free (GF) products are consumed both by individuals with celiac disease and by an increasing number of people with no specific medical needs. Although the technological quality of GF products has been recently improved, their nutritional quality is still scarcely addressed. Moreover, the few published studies report conflicting results, mostly because the information from product nutrition facts is the only considered factor. The aim of the present study was to develop a score-based method for the nutritional evaluation of 134 packaged Italian GF bakery products and to compare it with that of 162 matched gluten-containing (GC) food items...
April 25, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691247/sex-differences-in-macronutrient-intake-and-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#2
Elizabeth Bennett, Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward
OBJECTIVES: To characterise sex differences in macronutrient intakes and adherence to dietary recommendations in the UK Biobank population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: UK Biobank Resource. PARTICIPANTS: 210 106 (52.5% women) individuals with data on dietary behaviour. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Women-to-men mean differences in nutrient intake in grams and as a percentage of energy and women-to-men ORs in non-adherence, adjusting for age, socioeconomic status and ethnicity...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688765/iodine-nutrition-in-the-republic-of-artsakh-nagorno-karabakh
#3
Nicholas Hutchings, Sisak Baghdasaryan, Mushegh Qefoyan, Araz Chiloyan, Mariam Manoukian, Karine Atayan, John P Bilezikian
OBJECTIVE: Iodine is a required nutrient for thyroid function. The mountainous terrain in the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) in the south Caucasus suggests that it is likely to be endogenously deficient in iodine. The region is heavily dependent on neighboring Armenia for food imports including iodized salt. Since 2005, iodine is a government-sanctioned compulsory supplemental ingredient in salt in Armenia. However, there has never been a study of iodine nutrition in Artsakh. We sought to determine the level of iodine nutrition in Artsakh and the iodine content of table salt in the region...
April 24, 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688616/metabolomics-based-dietary-biomarkers-in-nutritional-epidemiology-current-status-and-future-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Lorraine Brennan, Frank B Hu
The application of metabolomics in nutrition epidemiology holds great promise and there is a high expectation that it will play a leading role in deciphering the interactions between diet and health. However, while significant progress has been made in identification of putative biomarkers more work is needed to address the use of the biomarkers in dietary assessment. The aim of this review to critically evaluate progress in these areas and to identify challenges that need to be addressed going forward. The notable applications of dietary biomarkers in nutritional epidemiology include (1) Determination of food intake based on biomarkers levels and calibration equations from feeding studies (2) Classification of individuals into dietary patterns based on the urinary metabolic profile and (3) Application of metabolome-wide-association studies...
April 24, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686945/more-massive-but-potentially-less-healthy-black-vultures-feeding-in-rubbish-dumps-differed-in-clinical-and-biochemical-parameters-with-wild-feeding-birds
#5
Pablo Ignacio Plaza, Sergio Agustin Lambertucci
Background: Organic waste is one of the most important anthropogenic food subsidies used by different species. However, there is little information about the health impact that rubbish dumps produce on species foraging in these sites. Methods: We studied the effect that rubbish dumps produce on the health of a scavenging bird from the Americas, the black vulture ( Coragyps atratus ). We sampled and studied clinical and biochemical parameters in 94 adult black vultures from two different sites in North Western Patagonia, a rubbish dump and the wild steppe...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686491/early-life-environment-and-social-determinants-of-cardiac-health-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#6
REVIEW
Peter Wong, Avram Denburg, Malini Dave, Leo Levin, Julia Orkin Morinis, Shazeen Suleman, Jonathan Wong, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Aideen M Moore
Congenital heart disease is a significant cause of infant mortality. Epidemiology and social context play a crucial role in conditioning disease burden and modulating outcomes, while diagnosis and treatment remain resource intensive. This review will address the role of social demographics, environmental exposure, epigenetics and nutrition in the aetiology of congenital heart disease. We then discuss the determinant effect of social factors on the provision and outcomes of care for congenital heart disease and implications for practice...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685128/distributional-patterns-of-item-responses-and-total-scores-on-the-phq-9-in-the-general-population-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#7
Shinichiro Tomitaka, Yohei Kawasaki, Kazuki Ide, Maiko Akutagawa, Hiroshi Yamada, Yutaka Ono, Toshiaki A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Recently, item responses and total scores on depression screening scales have been reported to have characteristic distributions in the general population. The distributional pattern of responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in the general population has not been well studied. Thus, we carried out a pattern analysis of the PHQ-9 item responses and total scores in US adults. METHODS: Data (5372 individuals) were drawn from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States...
April 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684301/association-between-tinnitus-and-mental-health-among-korean-adolescents-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Ji-Su Kim
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology of tinnitus is not clearly understood, but its prevalence is relatively high. Persistent symptoms of tinnitus are linked to various mental health conditions, and in particular, tinnitus prevalence is high in Korean adolescents. Accordingly, this study aimed to reveal the associations between tinnitus and mental health in Korean adolescents using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Original data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed by logistic regression analysis...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684114/exploring-genetic-outcomes-as-frailty-biomarkers
#9
Vanessa Valdiglesias, María Sánchez-Flores, Diego Marcos-Pérez, Laura Lorenzo-López, Ana Maseda, José C Millán-Calenti, Eduardo Pásaro, Blanca Laffon
Frailty has emerged as a reliable measure of the aging process. Since the early detection of frailty is crucial to prevent or even revert it, the use of biomarkers would allow an earlier and more objective identification of frail individuals. In order to improve the understanding of the biological features associated with frailty as well as to explore different biomarkers for its early identification, several genetic outcomes - mutagenicity, different types of genetic damage, and cellular repair capacity - were analysed in a population of older adults classified into frail, pre-frail and non-frail...
April 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684086/frequency-of-appearance-of-transverse-harris-lines-reflects-living-conditions-of-the-pleistocene-bear-ursus-ingressus-sudety-mts-poland
#10
Dariusz Nowakowski
Transverse lines, called Harris Lines (HL), osteological markers of recovery from growth arrest episodes, are visible in radiograms of recent and Pleistocene fossil bones. Since on the one hand they mark stressful episodes in life, and on the other are mainly used to trace health fluctuations in prehistoric human communities, I used a cave bear population to check if the processes that could affect the specie' condition were in any way reflected in the bone structure. 392 bear bones from Bear Cave in Kletno (collection: Department of Palaeozoology, University of Wrocław), dated as 32 100 ±1300 to >49 000 years BP, were radiologically examined...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683500/exposure-to-occupational-noise-and-periodontitis-in-korean-workers
#11
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to occupational noise is reported to cause a wide range of health problems. But, there are no reports on studies investigating the association between noise exposure and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational noise exposure and periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682004/investigating-plasma-amino-acids-for-differentiating-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-typically-developing-peers
#12
Troy Vargason, Uwe Kruger, Deborah L McGuinness, James B Adams, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, Devon Coleman, Juergen Hahn
Background: Plasma amino acid measurements have been extensively investigated in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Results thus far have been inconclusive as studies generally disagree on which amino acids are different in individuals with ASD versus their typically developing (TD) peers, due in part to methodological limitations of several studies. Method: This paper investigates plasma amino acids in children and adults with ASD using data from Arizona State University's Comprehensive Nutritional and Dietary Intervention Study...
June 2018: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681909/evaluation-of-seaweed-extracts-from-laminaria-and-ascophyllum-nodosum-spp-as-biostimulants-in-zea-mays-l-using-a-combination-of-chemical-biochemical-and-morphological-approaches
#13
Andrea Ertani, Ornella Francioso, Anna Tinti, Michela Schiavon, Diego Pizzeghello, Serenella Nardi
Seaweed extracts can be employed as biostimulants during crop cultivation owing to their positive effects on plant performance. Therefore, in this study one extract from Laminaria (A) and five extracts from Ascophyllum nodosum (B-F) were assayed on maize ( Zea mays L.) plants supplied for 2 days with 0.5 mL L-1 of single products to evaluate their capacity to stimulate root growth and morphology, nutrition, and sugars accumulation. Firstly, extracts were chemically characterized via Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and FT-Raman spectroscopies, and their content in carbon, nitrogen, phenolic acids and hormones (indole-3-acetic acid, IAA, and Isopentenyladenosine, IPA) was quantified...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680699/the-additive-effect-of-adherence-to-multiple-healthy-lifestyles-on-subclinical-atherosclerosis-insights-from-the-awhs
#14
Irina Uzhova, Rocio Mateo-Gallego, Belén Moreno-Franco, Esther Molina-Montes, Montserrat Leon-Latre, José A Casasnovas Lenguas, Fernando Civeira, José L Peñalvo
BACKGROUND: Public health strategies targeting multiple healthy behaviors, rather than individual factors, have been proposed as more efficient strategies to promote cardiovascular health. However, the additive effect of multiple targets on primary prevention has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE: To examine how adherence to multiple healthy behaviors is associated with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis, a measure of early cardiovascular disease...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680588/tree-nut-allergens
#15
Sabine Geiselhart, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Merima Bublin
Tree nuts are considered as part of a healthy diet due to their high nutritional quality. However, they are also a potent source of allergenic proteins inducing IgE mediated hypersensitivity often causing serious, life-threatening reactions. The reported prevalence of tree nut allergy is up to 4.9% worldwide. The general term "tree nuts" comprises a number of nuts, seeds, and drupes, derived from trees from different botanical families. For hazelnut and walnut several allergens have been identified which are already partly applied in component resolved diagnosis, while for other tree nuts such as macadamia, coconut, and Brazil nut only individual allergens were identified and data on additional allergenic proteins are missing...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679993/net-mineral-requirements-for-the-growth-and-maintenance-of-somali-lambs
#16
E S Pereira, F W R Lima, A C N Campos, M S S Carneiro, L P Silva, M W F Pereira, A N Medeiros, L R Bezerra, R L Oliveira
Minerals are limiting factors in animal production, and the knowledge of mineral requirements for livestock is crucial to the success of a commercial enterprise. Hair sheep may have different mineral requirements than those presents by the international committees. A study was carried to evaluate the net calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), potassium (K), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and copper (Cu) requirements for the growth and maintenance of Brazilian Somali lambs. A total of 48 hair lambs (13...
April 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679986/development-and-relative-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-french-canadian-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#17
Sophia Morel, Olivia Portolese, Yasmine Chertouk, Jade Leahy, Laurence Bertout, Caroline Laverdière, Maja Krajinovic, Daniel Sinnett, Emile Levy, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) experience cardiometabolic and bone complications after treatments. This study aimed at developing and validating an interview-administrated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that will serve to estimate the impact of nutrition in the development of long-term sequalea of French-Canadian cALL survivors. METHODS: The FFQ was developed to assess habitual diet, Mediterranean diet score, nutrients promoting bone health and antioxidants...
April 21, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679620/longitudinal-association-between-periodontitis-and-development-of-diabetes-running-title-periodontitis-and-diabetes-development
#18
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Bruce A Dye, Brian G Leroux, Margarita Ramírez-Vick, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown very modest short-term improvements in glycemic control among participants with diabetes after periodontitis treatment. Few longitudinal studies suggest that periodontitis may be related to prediabetes/diabetes risk. METHODS: We evaluated 1,206 diabetes free participants in the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS) and 941 with complete 3-year follow-up data were included. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) methods were used to assess periodontitis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679395/placental-adaptations-to-micronutrient-dysregulation-in-the-programming-of-chronic-disease
#19
Pierre Hofstee, Daniel McKeating, Anthony V Perkins, James S M Cuffe
Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they impact long term disease in humans requires further investigation...
April 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678821/individual-differences-in-torpor-expression-in-adult-mice-are-related-to-relative-birth-weight
#20
Goro A Kato, Shinsuke H Sakamoto, Takeshi Eto, Yoshinobu Okubo, Akio Shinohara, Tetsuo Morita, Chihiro Koshimoto
Daily torpor is a physiological adaptation in small mammals and birds, characterised by drastic reductions in metabolism and body temperature. Energy-constraining conditions, such as cold and starvation, are known to cause the expression of daily torpor. However, the reason for high degrees of inter- and intra- individual variation in torpor expression (TE) in similar situations is not clear. As littermates of altricial animals are exposed to an uneven allocation of maternal resources from conception to weaning, we tested whether early nutritional experiences have long-term effects on TE in adults...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
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