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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#1
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633920/identifying-underlying-beliefs-about-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-low-income-older-adults-an-elicitation-study-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#2
Seung Eun Jung, Yeon Ho Shin, Sunyoung Kim, Janice Hermann, Crystal Bice
OBJECTIVE: Identify underlying salient behavioral, normative, and control beliefs about fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption among limited-income older adults. DESIGN: The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was used as the framework for conducting semistructured individual interviews in 2016. SETTING: Two congregate meal sites in the city of Tuscaloosa, AL. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 25 low-income older adults aged ≥60 years...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633689/the-relationship-between-community-nutritionists-use-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-prevent-obesity-and-its-determinants-depends-on-networking
#3
Angela H Lu, Katherine L Dickin, Mark A Constas, Jamie S Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the relationship between the constructs of background factors and beliefs towards using policy, systems and environmental (PSE) strategies and reported use of PSE strategies to prevent obesity by a group of professional nutrition educators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-reported survey. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York, USA. SUBJECTS: Nutrition educators (n 58); survey response rate 100 %...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633684/double-burden-of-underweight-and-overweight-among-bangladeshi-adults-differs-between-men-and-women-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#4
Mohammad E Hoque, Md T Hasan, Muntasirur Rahman, Kurt Z Long, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of underweight and overweight among Bangladeshi adults and to determine if the double burden of underweight and overweight differs by gender and other socio-economic characteristics of individuals. DESIGN: We used data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Multinominal logistic regression was used to examine associations between the different nutritional statuses of individuals and related determinants. Interaction effect was checked between gender and various socio-economic factors...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631313/salivary-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-serum-levels-of-ghrelin-and-chemerin-in-patients-with-periodontitis-and-overweight
#5
H F R Jentsch, N Arnold, V Richter, J Deschner, T Kantyka, S Eick
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nutrition and body weight are modifying factors for periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to quantify two molecules (ghrelin and chemerin), released in association with food intake and obesity, in periodontally healthy and diseased individuals with respect to different body mass categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The two main groups (patients with chronic periodontitis and periodontally healthy/gingivitis volunteers) were subdivided into groups of subjects with normal weight [body mass index (BMI) <25] and groups of overweight/obese subjects (BMI ≥25)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#6
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630643/improved-classification-accuracy-of-powdery-mildew-infection-levels-of-wine-grapes-by-spatial-spectral-analysis-of-hyperspectral-images
#7
Uwe Knauer, Andrea Matros, Tijana Petrovic, Timothy Zanker, Eileen S Scott, Udo Seiffert
BACKGROUND: Hyperspectral imaging is an emerging means of assessing plant vitality, stress parameters, nutrition status, and diseases. Extraction of target values from the high-dimensional datasets either relies on pixel-wise processing of the full spectral information, appropriate selection of individual bands, or calculation of spectral indices. Limitations of such approaches are reduced classification accuracy, reduced robustness due to spatial variation of the spectral information across the surface of the objects measured as well as a loss of information intrinsic to band selection and use of spectral indices...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#8
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629424/evaluation-of-the-international-standardized-24-h-dietary-recall-methodology-globodiet-for-potential-application-in-research-and-surveillance-within-african-settings
#9
Elom Kouassivi Aglago, Edwige Landais, Geneviève Nicolas, Barrie Margetts, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Olaide Aderibigbe, Victoire Damienne Agueh, Paul Amuna, George Amponsah Annor, Jalila El Ati, Jennifer Coates, Brooke Colaiezzi, Ella Compaore, Hélène Delisle, Mieke Faber, Robert Fungo, Inocent Gouado, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Amoin Georgette Konan, Saloua Labzizi, James Ledo, Carol Mahachi, Segametsi Ditshebo Maruapula, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Muniirah Mbabazi, Mandy Wilja Mirembe, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Clement Diby Nzi, Pedro Terrence Pisa, Karima El Rhazi, Francis Zotor, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Collection of reliable and comparable individual food consumption data is of primary importance to better understand, control and monitor malnutrition and its related comorbidities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including in Africa. The lack of standardised dietary tools and their related research support infrastructure remains a major obstacle to implement concerted and region-specific research and action plans worldwide. Citing the magnitude and importance of this challenge, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO) launched the "Global Nutrition Surveillance initiative" to pilot test the use of a standardized 24-h dietary recall research tool (GloboDiet), validated in Europe, in other regions...
June 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629199/association-of-education-and-smoking-status-on-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jin-Hyeong Kim, Juhwan Noh, Jae-Woo Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
Background: Exposure to smoke, including environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), is a well-known risk factor for diabetes. Low socioeconomic status, especially lack of education, is also a risk factor for diabetes. Therefore, we assessed the association of demographic, socioeconomic, clinical, and behavior risk factor-related variables and smoking status, including ETS exposure, with the prevalence of diabetes. Methods: Data were from the 2007-2013 Korea National Health and Nutritional Evaluation Survey (KNHANES)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628784/identifying-populations-sensitive-to-environmental-chemicals-by-simulating-toxicokinetic-variability
#11
Caroline L Ring, Robert G Pearce, R Woodrow Setzer, Barbara A Wetmore, John F Wambaugh
The thousands of chemicals present in the environment (USGAO, 2013) must be triaged to identify priority chemicals for human health risk research. Most chemicals have little of the toxicokinetic (TK) data that are necessary for relating exposures to tissue concentrations that are believed to be toxic. Ongoing efforts have collected limited, in vitro TK data for a few hundred chemicals. These data have been combined with biomonitoring data to estimate an approximate margin between potential hazard and exposure...
June 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628373/association-between-urinary-phytoestrogens-and-c-reactive-protein-in-the-continuous-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Michael K Reger, Terrell W Zollinger, Ziyue Liu, Josette Jones, Jianjun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: A reduced risk of some cancers and cardiovascular disease associated with phytoestrogen intake may be mediated through its effect on serum C-reactive protein (CRP; an inflammation biomarker). Therefore, this study examined the associations between urinary phytoestrogens and serum CRP. METHODS: Urinary phytoestrogen and serum CRP data obtained from 6009 participants aged ≥ 40 years in the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 1999-2010 were analyzed...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#13
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#14
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627205/a-low-fermentable-oligo-di-mono-saccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-is-a-balanced-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-with-nutritional-and-symptomatic-benefits
#15
Ana Paula Marum, Cátia Moreira, Pablo Tomas-Carus, Fernando Saraiva, Catarina Sousa Guerreiro
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a chronic rheumatic disease producing widespread pain, associated to a major comorbidity -irritable bowel syndrome. Low FODMAPS diet (low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet) has been effective in controlling irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Overweight is an aggravating factor for fibromyalgia. We studied effects of low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diets on fibromyalgia symptoms and weight status. METHODS: A longitudinal study was performed on 38 fibromyalgia patients using a four-week, repeated assessment as follow: M1 = first assessments/presentation of individual low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet; M2 = second assessments/reintroduction of FODMAPs; M3 = final assessments/nutritional counselling...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625662/experiences-and-perceptions-of-adults-accessing-publicly-available-nutrition-behavior-change-mobile-apps-for-weight-management
#16
Jessica R L Lieffers, Jose F Arocha, Kelly Grindrod, Rhona M Hanning
BACKGROUND: Nutrition mobile apps have become accessible and popular weight-management tools available to the general public. To date, much of the research has focused on quantitative outcomes with these tools (eg, weight loss); little is known about user experiences and perceptions of these tools when used outside of a research trial environment. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to understand the experiences and perceptions of adult volunteers who have used publicly available mobile apps to support nutrition behavior change for weight management...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625218/the-response-of-male-and-female-rats-to-a-high-fructose-diet-during-adolescence-following-early-administration-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-aqueous-calyx-extracts
#17
K G Ibrahim, E Chivandi, F B O Mojiminiyi, K H Erlwanger
Metabolic syndrome is linked to the consumption of fructose-rich diets. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions perinatally can cause epigenetic changes that programme an individual to predispose or protect them from the development of metabolic diseases later. Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) reportedly has anti-obesity and hypocholesterolaemic properties in adults. We investigated the impact of neonatal intake of HS on the programming of metabolism by fructose. A total of 85 4-day-old Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into three groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623287/heritability-and-responses-to-high-fat-diet-of-plasma-lipidomics-in-a-twin-study
#18
Turid Frahnow, Martin A Osterhoff, Silke Hornemann, Michael Kruse, Michal A Surma, Christian Klose, Kai Simons, Andreas F H Pfeiffer
Lipidomics have a great potential as clinical tool for monitoring metabolic changes in health and disease. Nevertheless hardly anything is known about the heritability of lipids. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify how and how much we can affect these progresses in individuals. In our interventional twin study (46 healthy, non-obese twin pairs) we investigated the lipid profile in plasma samples after switching from a low fat diet to an isocaloric high fat diet (HFD) to characterize the metabolic adaptation...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618237/effect-of-sweetened-dried-cranberry-consumption-on-urinary-proteome-and-fecal-microbiome-in-healthy-human-subjects
#19
Nell Bekiares, Christian G Krueger, Jennifer J Meudt, Dhanansayan Shanmuganayagam, Jess D Reed
The relationship among diet, human health, and disease is an area of growing interest in biomarker research. Previous studies suggest that the consumption of cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) could beneficially influence urinary and digestive health. The present study sought to determine if daily consumption of sweetened dried cranberries (SDC) changes the urinary proteome and fecal microbiome, as determined in a prospective sample of 10 healthy individuals. Baseline urine and fecal samples were collected from the subjects in the fasted (8-12 h) state...
June 15, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617708/the-impact-of-nutrition-on-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#20
Luciana D Silva, Tatiana Bering, Gifone A Rocha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to review the most recent aspects of nutrition and its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). RECENT FINDINGS: Low HRQOL scores have been found in all stages of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Of the factors linked to HRQOL, three aspects should be emphasized, nutritional status, physical activity and mental health status. Regarding the nutrition and metabolic conditions, a broad spectrum of nutritional disorders may impact on HRQOL of patients with CHC...
June 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
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