keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Individualized nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224171/genetic-mapping-and-validation-of-the-loci-controlling-7s-%C3%AE-and-11s-a-type-storage-protein-subunits-in-soybean-glycine-max-l-merr
#1
Jeffrey D Boehm, Vi Nguyen, Rebecca M Tashiro, Dale Anderson, Chun Shi, Xiaoguang Wu, Lorna Woodrow, Kangfu Yu, Yuhai Cui, Zenglu Li
Four soybean storage protein subunit QTLs were mapped using bulked segregant analysis and an F2 population, which were validated with an F5 RIL population. The storage protein globulins β-conglycinin (7S subunit) and glycinin (11S subunits) can affect the quantity and quality of proteins found in soybean seeds and account for more than 70% of the total soybean protein. Manipulating the storage protein subunits to enhance soymeal nutrition and for desirable tofu manufacturing characteristics are two end-use quality goals in soybean breeding programs...
December 9, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223767/evaluation-of-a-national-pediatric-subinternship-curriculum-implemented-through-individual-learning-plans
#2
Linda R Tewksbury, Cristina Carter, Lyuba Konopasek, Sandra M Sanguino, Janice L Hanson
OBJECTIVE: The Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics and Association of Pediatric Program Directors developed a Pediatric Subinternship (CAPS) Curriculum for use with an individualized learning plan (ILP). The authors determined which learning objectives (LOs) pediatric subinterns selected when provided the CAPS Curriculum, summarized students' self-reported progress, and determined feasibility of ILPs in subinternship. METHODS: Students from 10 medical schools completed a standardized ILP during pediatric subinternship...
December 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223686/nourishing-networks-a-social-ecological-analysis-of-a-network-intervention-for-improving-household-nutrition-in-western-kenya
#3
Autumn L DeLorme, Erika R Gavenus, Charles R Salmen, Gor Ouma Benard, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Kathryn J Fiorella
RATIONALE: A growing body of research emphasizes the need to engage social networks in maternal and child nutrition interventions. However, an understanding of how interventions functionally engage not only mothers but fathers, grandparents, friends, and other social network members remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study uses an adaptation of a social-ecological model to analyze the multiple levels at which the Kanyakla Nutrition Program operates to change behavior...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223004/towards-utilization-of-the-human-genome-and-microbiome-for-personalized-nutrition
#4
REVIEW
Stavros Bashiardes, Anastasia Godneva, Eran Elinav, Eran Segal
Generalized dietary and lifestyle guidelines have been formulated and published for decades now from a variety of relevant agencies in an attempt to guide people towards healthy choices. As the pandemic rise in metabolic diseases continues to increase, it has become clear that the one-fit-for-all diet approach does not work and that there is a significant variation in inter-individual responses to diet and lifestyle interventions. Recent technological advances have given an unprecedented insight into the sources of this variation, pointing towards our genome and microbiome as potentially and previously under-explored culprits contributing to individually unique dietary responses...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221846/prevailing-ethical-dilemmas-encountered-by-physicians-in-terminal-cancer-care-changed-after-the-enactment-of-the-natural-death-act-fifteen-years-follow-up-survey
#5
Hsien-Liang Huang, Chien-An Yao, Wen-Yu Hu, Shao-Yi Cheng, Shinn-Jang Huang, Chih-Dao Chen, Wen-Yuan Lin, Yen-Chun Lin, Tai-Yuan Chiu
CONTEXT: Advance directive laws have influences on ethical dilemmas encountered by physicians caring for terminal cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevailing ethical dilemmas among terminal care physicians fifteen years after the Natural Death Act was enacted in Taiwan. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional survey from April 2014 to February 2015 using the clustering sampling method and a well-structured questionnaire. Targeted participants included physicians at oncology and related wards or palliative care units where terminal cancer care may be provided in Taiwan...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221627/alkaline-diet-and-metabolic-acidosis-practical-approaches-to-the-nutritional-management-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Larissa Rodrigues Neto Angéloco, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello
The kidneys play an extremely important role in maintaining the body acid-base balance by excreting nonvolatile acids and regenerating and reabsorbing bicarbonate in the kidney tubules. As the individual loses their kidney function, renal excretion of nonvolatile acid produced by metabolism of the diet is impaired, resulting in low-grade metabolic acidosis. With this in mind, it is relevant to better understand the dietary aspects related to the acid-base balance in chronic kidney disease metabolic acidosis and try to provide possible strategies for the nutritional management of these cases...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220825/effects-of-nutritional-education-on-weight-change-and-metabolic-abnormalities-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-japan-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Norio Sugawara, Toyoaki Sagae, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Manabu Yamazaki, Kazutaka Shimoda, Takao Mori, Takuro Sugai, Hiroshi Matsuda, Yutaro Suzuki, Yuji Ozeki, Kurefu Okamoto, Toshiyuki Someya
OBJECTIVE: Patients with schizophrenia have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) than the general population. Minimizing weight gain and metabolic abnormalities in a population with an already high prevalence of obesity is of clinical and social importance. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of monthly nutritional education on weight change and metabolic abnormalities among patients with schizophrenia in Japan. METHODS: From July 2014 to December 2014, we recruited 265 obese patients who had a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220199/risk-factors-for-gaps-in-care-during-transfer-from-pediatric-to-adult-cystic-fibrosis-programs-in-the-united-states
#8
Gregory S Sawicki, Joshua Ostrenga, Kristofer Petren, Aliza K Fink, Emma D'Agostino, Camila Strassle, Michael S Schechter, Margaret Rosenfeld
RATIONALE: With improved survival into adulthood, the number of dedicated adult cystic fibrosis (CF) care programs has expanded in the US over the past decade. Transfer from pediatric to adult CF programs represents a potential time for lapses in recommended healthcare. OBJECTIVES: To describe variability in transfer between pediatric and adult CF care programs and to identify factors associated with prolonged gaps in care. METHODS: Using the US CF Foundation Patient Registry (CFFPR), we identified individuals with CF who transferred care from a pediatric to adult CF care program during 2007-2013...
December 8, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219626/eveningness-is-associated-with-skipping-breakfast-and-poor-nutritional-intake-in-brazilian-undergraduate-students
#9
Gabriela Pereira Teixeira, Maria Carliana Mota, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Some studies have proposed that self-reported eveningness, which reflects the preference of performing activities in the evening, may harm nutritional health and influence the eating behavior and nutritional status of individuals. However, the relationship between these variables (eveningness and nutritional status) and the consumption of breakfast, which is currently considered a marker of health, has been insufficiently explored by studies. The aim of this study was to investigate, in undergraduate students, the association between diurnal preference, being overweight, and food consumption (with special focus on breakfast)...
December 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219073/proportion-of-infants-meeting-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-data-from-the-melbourne-infant-program
#10
Kylie D Hesketh, Katherine L Downing, Karen Campbell, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the movement behaviours of infants, despite evidence that these are important for development. The release of new Australian 24-hour Movement Guidelines provides an opportunity to document the current state of movement behaviours in infants relative to these guidelines. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of 4 month old Australian infants meeting the 24-hour Movement Guidelines, individually, and in combination, and to describe associations with individual characteristics...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218646/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-complications-diagnosis-and-management-in-obese-children
#11
REVIEW
Naval K Vikram
The world at present is facing a burden of rising prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents. The developing countries are particularly facing the dual burden on under-nutrition and obesity. This is associated with appearance and clustering of cardiometabolic abnormalities at an early age with development of chronic complications early and possible decrease in life span of these children and adolescents. In adults this clustering has been termed as 'metabolic syndrome' with definitions that can be used universally...
December 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218425/ionized-and-total-serum-magnesium-in-hemodialysis-predictors-and-variability-a-longitudinal-cross-sectional-study
#12
Rosaria Del Giorno, Hilary Riva, Gaetano Donato, Luca Gabutti
BACKGROUND: Ionized Magnesium (ion-Mg) represents the active biological fraction of the serum magnesium content. The assessment of total serum Mg (tot-Mg) might not accurately identify patients with hypo-or hyper-magnesaemie. In hemodialysis, serum tot-Mg levels in the upper part of the distribution, have been associated with reduced mortality and fewer vascular calcifications; thus, resulting in the tendency to increase the Mg concentration in the dialysate, traditionally set at 0.5 mmol/L...
December 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218417/intensive-dietary-intervention-promoting-the-mediterranean-diet-in-people-with-high-cardiometabolic-risk-a-non-randomized-study
#13
M Grimaldi, O Ciano, M Manzo, M Rispoli, M Guglielmi, A Limardi, P Calatola, M Lucibello, S Pardo, B Capaldo, G Riccardi
AIMS: Mediterranean diet (MD) is acknowledged to exert a number of beneficial health effects. We assessed the efficacy and the durability of a 3-month intensive dietary intervention aimed at implementing the MD on body weight and cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects at high risk. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study (71 assigned to the intensive intervention and 45 to the conventional intervention). The intensive intervention consisted of 12 weekly group educational meetings and a free-of-charge supply of meals prepared according to the MD model...
December 7, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217466/influence-of-corticosterone-treatment-on-nestling-begging-in-florida-scrub-jays-aphelocoma-coerulescens
#14
Emily K Elderbrock, Thomas W Small, Stephan J Schoech
Altricial young are dependent on adults for protection and food, and they display nutritional need by begging to elicit feeding from parents. Begging at high levels can be energetically expensive and attract predators; thus, an individual must balance its nutritional needs with these potential costs. Further, because a parent is limited in the amount of food it can provide, begging can contribute to both parent-offspring conflict and sibling-sibling competition. Many extrinsic and intrinsic factors may contribute to begging behavior...
December 4, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217263/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-is-associated-with-elevated-white-blood-cell-counts-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Michael D Wirth, Maria Sevoyan, Lorne Hofseth, Nitin Shivappa, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
White blood cells (WBCs) are considered a reliable biomarker of inflammation. Elevations in both WBCs and pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with several chronic conditions. Diet is a strong moderator of inflammation and WBCs. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and WBCs using data from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES is a cross-sectional study that occurs in two-year cycles. Respondents from five cycles (n=26,046) with available data on diet (collected through a single 24-hour dietary recall [24HR]) and WBCs (derived using the Coulter method) were included...
December 4, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216666/-cardiac-rehabilitation
#16
Bernhard Schwaab
Physical training, psychosocial intervention, nutrition counselling and optimisation of secondary preventive medication to reduce morbidity and mortality of the disease as well as the reintegration into social life and return to work are equivalent goals of cardiac rehabilitation. This requires multifactorial intervention by a multidisciplinary team. In Germany, cardiac rehabilitation starting early after an index event could demonstrate a significant reduction of total mortality, myocardial infarction and hospitalisation during a follow-up of 1-2 years in 5 controlled cohort studies including 12 556 patients after myocardial infarction and CABG surgery...
December 7, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216422/distinguishing-petroleum-crude-oil-and-fuel-from-smoke-exposure-within-populations-based-on-the-relative-blood-levels-of-benzene-toluene-ethylbenzene-and-xylenes-btex-styrene-and-2-5-dimethylfuran-by-pattern-recognition-using-artificial-neural-networks
#17
David Michael Chambers, Christopher Mark Reese, Lydia Grace Thornburg, Eduardo Sanchez, Jessica Patricia Rafson, Benjamin C Blount, John Russell Erskine Ruhl, Victor Raul De Jesus
Studies of exposure to petroleum (crude oil/fuel) often involve monitoring benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX) and styrene (BTEXS) because of their toxicity and gas-phase prevalence, where exposure is typically by inhalation. However, BTEXS levels in the general U.S. population are primarily from exposure to tobacco smoke, where smokers have blood levels on average up to eight times higher than nonsmokers. This work describes a method using partition theory and artificial neural network (ANN) pattern recognition to classify exposure source based on relative BTEXS and 2,5-dimethylfuran blood levels...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215970/energy-expenditure-in-professional-flat-jockeys-using-doubly-labelled-water-during-the-racing-season-implications-for-body-weight-management
#18
George Wilson, Daloni Lucas, Catherine Hambly, John R Speakman, James P Morton, Graeme L Close
To formulate individualized dietary strategies for jockeys, it is vital that energy requirements are quantified. We measured total energy expenditure (TEE) over two separate weeks in spring and summer using doubly labelled water in a group of male flat jockeys (n = 8, 36.9 ± 5.7 years, 164 ± 8 cm, 54.6 ± 2.5 kg). Total energy intake (TEI) was self-recorded, as were all riding and structured exercise activity. Mean daily TEE was 10.83 (±2.3) and 10.66 (±1.76) MJ, (p = .61) respectively...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215812/prevalence-of-overweight-and-income-gaps-in-245-districts-of-korea-comparison-using-the-national-health-screening-database-and-the-community-health-survey-2009-2014
#19
Ikhan Kim, Jinwook Bahk, Yeon Yong Kim, Jeehye Lee, Hee Yeon Kang, Juyeon Lee, Sung Cheol Yun, Jong Heon Park, Soon Ae Shin, Young Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We compared age-standardized overweight prevalence and their income gaps at the level of district in Korea using the National Health Screening Database (NHSD) and the Community Health Survey (CHS). METHODS: We analyzed 39,093,653 subjects in the NHSD and 926,580 individuals in the CHS between 2009 and 2014. For the comparison of body mass index (BMI) distributions, data from 26,100 subjects in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were also analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215803/reference-values-for-spirometry-derived-using-lambda-mu-sigma-lms-method-in-korean-adults-in-comparison-with-previous-references
#20
Bum Seak Jo, Jun Pyo Myong, Chin Kook Rhee, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Jung Wan Koo, Hyoung Ryoul Kim
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to update the prediction equations for spirometry and their lower limits of normal (LLN) by using the lambda, mu, sigma (LMS) method and to compare the outcomes with the values of previous spirometric reference equations. METHODS: Spirometric data of 10,249 healthy non-smokers (8,776 females) were extracted from the fourth and fifth versions of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV, 2007-2009; V, 2010-2012)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
keyword
keyword
97354
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"