keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Individualized nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319484/nonpharmacologic-management-of-hypertension-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#1
Cemal Ozemek, Shane A Phillips, Dejana Popovic, Deepika Laddu-Patel, Ibra S Fancher, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonpharmacologic lifestyle modification interventions (LMIs), such as increasing physical activity, dietary modification, weight-loss, reducing alcohol consumption and smoking cessation, are effective strategies to lower resting blood pressures (BPs) in prehypertensive or hypertensive patients. However, the limited time shared between a physician and a patient is not adequate to instill an adoption of LMI. The purpose of this review is to therefore highlight evidence-based BP lowering, LMI strategies that can feasibly be implemented in clinical practices...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319346/determination-of-oleanolic-acid-in-human-plasma-and-its-association-with-olive-oil-intake-in-healthy-spanish-adults-within-the-epic-spain-cohort-study
#2
Genevieve Buckland, Antoni Pastor, Leila Lujan-Barroso, Carlos Alberto Gonzalez, Noemie Travier, Pilar Amiano, José María Huerta, Antonio Agudo, Carmen Navarro, María Dolores Chirlaque, Maria-José Sánchez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Aurelio Barricarte, Eva Ardanaz, Miren Dorronsoro, Amaia Molinuevo, José Ramón Quirós, Rafael de la Torre
SCOPE: Oleanolic acid (OA) is an important triterpenic compound found in olive oil, however little is known about its concentrations in human plasma. We aimed to determine plasma OA levels in a healthy Spanish population and compare them with estimates of dietary olive oil intake. METHODS AND RESULTS: The final study sample included 141 individuals randomly selected from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Spanish cohort. Dietary olive oil intake was estimated using validated dietary history questionnaires...
February 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319268/developmental-changes-in-feeding-behaviors-of-infant-chimpanzees-at-mahale-tanzania-implications-for-nutritional-independence-long-before-cessation-of-nipple-contact
#3
Takuya Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: Weaning of chimpanzees is considered to occur at 4-5-years-old with complete cessation of nipple contact and timing of reconception calculated by inter-birth interval minus gestation length. This is also the basis of "early weaning" in humans (i.e., approximately 2.5-years-old). However, recent studies of the survival of orphans and the first molar (M1) eruption in wild chimpanzees have predicted that infants move toward nutritional independence at 3-years-old. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate ontogeny of feeding behavior at around 3-years-old in wild infant chimpanzees...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319105/link-of-dietary-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
M Mazidi, S Pennathur, F Afshinnia
BACKGROUND: Population-based interventions aimed at halting the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) require thorough understanding of dietary interplays. Objective is to identify the independent dietary nutrients associated with MetS and its components using dietary pattern identification and the single-nutrient approaches in The United States. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observation. Participants are selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with available dietary intake, biochemical and anthropometrical data from 2001 to 2012...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319102/malnutrition-and-non-communicable-diseases-among-bangladeshi-women-an-urban-rural-comparison
#5
M S Zahangir, M M Hasan, A Richardson, S Tabassum
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining the urban-rural differentials in the effects of socioeconomic predictors on underweight and obesity of ever-married women in Bangladesh. The effect of malnutrition and other risk factors on non-communicable diseases is also examined. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The information regarding nutritional status, socioeconomic and demographic background, and non-communicable diseases of ever-married women was extracted from the nationally representative, cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS 2011) data set...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319001/impact-on-psychosocial-outcomes-of-a-nationally-available-weight-management-program-tailored-for-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Lauren Holland-Carter, Peter W Tuerk, Thomas A Wadden, Ken N Fujioka, Lynne E Becker, Karen Miller-Kovach, Priscilla L Hollander, W Timothy Garvey, Daniel Weiss, Domenica M Rubino, Robert F Kushner, Robert J Malcolm, William J Raum, Kathie L Hermayer, Jan L Veliko, Stephanie L Rost, Nicoleta D Sora, Jonny L Salyer, Patrick M O'Neil
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can substantially decrease quality of life (QOL). This study examined the effects on QOL-relevant psychosocial measures of a widely available commercial weight loss program enhanced for individuals with T2DM. METHODS: A year-long multi-site randomized clinical trial compared the Weight Watchers (WW) approach, supplemented with phone and email counseling with a certified diabetes educator (CDE), to brief standard diabetes nutrition counseling and education (Standard Care; SC)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318400/new-frontiers-in-fibers-innovative-and-emerging-research-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-bone-health
#7
Taylor C Wallace, Massimo Marzorati, Lisa Spence, Connie M Weaver, Patricia S Williamson
The complex interactions between the diet, gut microbiome, and host characteristics that provide a functional benefit to the host are an area of great interest and current exploration in the nutrition and health science community. New technologies are available to assess mechanisms that may explain these functional benefits to the host. One emerging functional benefit from changes in the gut microbiome is increased calcium absorption, increased calcium retention, and improved indices of bone health. Prebiotic fibers enhance microbial fermentation in the gut, providing an ecological advantage to specific nonpathogenic bacteria that have the ability to modify an individual's metabolic potential...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318388/impact-of-nutritional-intervention-on-length-of-hospital-stay-and-mortality-among-hospitalized-patients-with-malnutrition-a-clinical-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Edgar A Cano-Torres, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Luis A Morales-Garza, José M Ramos-Delgado, Mirthala M Reyes-Gonzalez, Victor M Sánchez-Nava, Abel de J Barragán-Berlanga, Ignacio Rangel-Rodríguez, Fernando Guerrero-Romero
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nutritional intervention on hospital stay and mortality among hospitalized patients with malnutrition. METHODS: Hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of malnutrition were enrolled and randomly allocated to either an intervention or control group. Participants in the intervention group received an individualized nutrition plan according to energy and protein (1.0-1.5 g/kg) intake requirements as well as dietary advice based on face-to-face interviews with patients and their caregivers or family members...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318287/findings-from-a-couple-based-open-trial-for-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Donald H Baucom, Jennifer S Kirby, Melanie S Fischer, Brian R Baucom, Robert Hamer, Cynthia M Bulik
Adult anorexia nervosa (AN) often is persistent, significantly erodes quality of life for both the patient and loved ones, and carries high medical and psychiatric comorbidity. Whereas individual psychotherapy for adult AN leads to improvement in some patients, recent findings indicate that the magnitude of improvement is limited: Only a small percentage of individuals fully recover and dropout rates are high. Thus, it is important to build upon current interventions to improve treatment response. We present results from an open trial of a couple-based intervention for adult anorexia nervosa as an adjunct treatment to standard multidisciplinary care...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318254/phosphate-fertilizer-and-growing-environment-changes-the-phytochemicals-oil-quality-and-nutritional-composition-of-roundup-ready-gm-and-conventional-soybean
#10
Tatiane Scilewski da Costa Zanatta, Roberta Manica-Berto, Cristiano Dietrich Ferreira, Michele Maciel Crizel Cardozo, Cesar Valmor Rombaldi, Rui Carlos Zambiazi, Álvaro Renato Guerra Dias
The phosphorus intake (P), genotype, and growth environment in soybean cultivation can affect the composition of the bean. This experiment was conducted in two locations (microregion I and microregion II) by using a randomized complete block design, including conventional soybean cultivars (BRS Sambaíba), genetically modified cultivars (Msoy 9144 Roundup Ready-RR), and varying doses of phosphorus fertilizer (0, 60, 120, and 240 kg/ ha P2O5). Soybeans were evaluated for chemical composition, total phenols, phytic acid, individual isoflavones, antioxidant activity, oil quality, fatty acid profile, total carotenoids, and individual tocopherols...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318010/ataxia-telangiectasia-recommendations-for-multidisciplinary-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Nienke J H van Os, Charlotte A Haaxma, Michiel van der Flier, Peter J F M Merkus, Marcel van Deuren, Imelda J M de Groot, Jan Loeffen, Bart P C van de Warrenburg, Michèl A A P Willemsen
Ataxia-telangiectasia is a rare, neurodegenerative, and multisystem disease, characterized by cerebellar ataxia, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, progressive respiratory failure, and an increased risk of malignancies. It demands specialized care tailored to the individual patient's needs. Besides the classic ataxia-telangiectasia phenotype, a variant phenotype exists with partly overlapping but some distinctive disease characteristics. This guideline summarizes frequently encountered medical problems in the disease course of patients with classic and variant ataxia-telangiectasia, in the domains of neurology, immunology and infectious diseases, pulmonology, anaesthetic and perioperative risk, oncology, endocrinology, and nutrition...
March 20, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316263/individualised-dietary-strategies-for-olympic-combat-sports-acute-weight-loss-recovery-and-competition-nutrition
#12
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Louise M Burke
Olympic combat sports separate athletes into weight divisions, in an attempt to reduce size, strength, range and/or leverage disparities between competitors. Official weigh-ins are conducted anywhere from 3 and up to 24 h prior to competition ensuring athletes meet weight requirements (i.e. have 'made weight'). Fighters commonly aim to compete in weight divisions lower than their day-to-day weight, achieved via chronic and acute manipulations of body mass (BM). Although these manipulations may impair health and absolute performance, their strategic use can improve competitive success...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315884/complementary-feeding-micronutrients-and-developmental-outcomes-of-children
#13
Jacqueline F Gould
The period of complementary feeding (6-24 months of age) can be a challenging and vulnerable time for infant nutrition due to disproportionately high requirements for metabolic processes, rapid developmental processes, and limited gastric capacity. This is a period of crucial brain development where high caloric intake is necessary to allow synaptogenesis (creation of channels between neurons for communication), and maintenance of established synapses, myelination (laying the myelin sheath around neuronal axons) and everyday psychological functioning...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303034/searching-for-wheat-resistance-to-aphids-and-wheat-bulb-fly-in-the-historical-watkins-and-gediflux-wheat-collections
#14
G I Aradottir, J L Martin, S J Clark, J A Pickett, L E Smart
Insect pests can reduce wheat yield by direct feeding and transmission of plant viruses. Here we report results from laboratory and field phenotyping studies on a wide range of wheat, including landraces from the Watkins collection deriving from before the green revolution, more modern cultivars from the Gediflux collection (north-western Europe) and modern UK Elite varieties, for resistance to the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) and the English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (Homoptera: Aphididae)...
March 2017: Annals of Applied Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302344/comparison-of-weighed-food-record-procedures-for-the-reference-methods-in-two-validation-studies-of-food-frequency-questionnaires
#15
Yuri Ishii, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Yurie Shinozawa, Nahomi Imaeda, Chiho Goto, Kenji Wakai, Toshiaki Takahashi, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Junta Tanaka, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Haruo Mikami, Kiyonori Kuriki, Mariko Naito, Naoko Okamoto, Fumi Kondo, Satoyo Hosono, Naoko Miyagawa, Etsuko Ozaki, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Keizo Ohnaka, Hinako Nanri, Noriko Tsunematsu-Nakahata, Takamasa Kayama, Ayako Kurihara, Shiomi Kojima, Hideo Tanaka, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: Although open-ended dietary assessment methods, such as weighed food records (WFRs), are generally considered to be comparable, differences between procedures may influence outcome when WFRs are conducted independently. In this paper, we assess the procedures of WFRs in two studies to describe their dietary assessment procedures and compare the subsequent outcomes. METHODS: WFRs of 12 days (3 days for four seasons) were conducted as reference methods for intake data, in accordance with the study protocol, among a subsample of participants of two large cohort studies...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302101/preventing-diabetes-in-obese-latino-youth-with-prediabetes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Erica G Soltero, Yolanda P Konopken, Micah L Olson, Colleen S Keller, Felipe G Castro, Allison N Williams, Donald L Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C Knowler, Kevin D Frick, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportunity for intervention. However, to date, no diabetes prevention studies have been conducted in obese Latino youth with prediabetes, a highly vulnerable and underserved group. Therefore, we propose a randomized-controlled trial to test the short-term (6-month) and long-term (12-month) efficacy of a culturally-grounded, lifestyle intervention, as compared to usual care, for improving glucose tolerance and reducing diabetes risk in 120 obese Latino adolescents with prediabetes...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300759/overcoming-dietary-assessment-challenges-in-low-income-countries-technological-solutions-proposed-by-the-international-dietary-data-expansion-inddex-project
#17
Jennifer C Coates, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Winnie Bell, U Ruth Charrondiere, Catherine Leclercq
An increasing number of low-income countries (LICs) exhibit high rates of malnutrition coincident with rising rates of overweight and obesity. Individual-level dietary data are needed to inform effective responses, yet dietary data from large-scale surveys conducted in LICs remain extremely limited. This discussion paper first seeks to highlight the barriers to collection and use of individual-level dietary data in LICs. Second, it introduces readers to new technological developments and research initiatives to remedy this situation, led by the International Dietary Data Expansion (INDDEX) Project...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299612/dietary-self-management-in-heart-failure-high-tech-or-high-touch
#18
REVIEW
Eloisa Colin-Ramirez, JoAnne Arcand, Justin A Ezekowitz
Dietary management of heart failure (HF) has largely been focused on sodium and fluid restrictions. Although safety and efficacy of these interventions in HF remain unclear, a daily sodium intake between 2000 and 3000 mg/day appears to be safe in these patients. Ongoing clinical research will inform on the safety and efficacy of a more restrictive sodium intake to less than 1500 mg/day. Data shows that routine fluid restriction in HF regardless of symptoms may be unnecessary; however, in patients with signs of congestion, fluid restriction to 2...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298596/dietary-restriction-increases-variability-in-longevity
#19
A M Senior, S Nakagawa, D Raubenheimer, S J Simpson, D W A Noble
Nutritional environments, particularly those experienced during early life, are hypothesized to affect longevity. A recent cross-taxa meta-analysis found that, depending upon circumstance, average longevity may be increased or decreased by early-life dietary restriction. Unstudied are the effects of diet during development on among-individual variance in longevity. Here, we address this issue using emerging methods for meta-analysis of variance. We found that, in general, standard deviation (s.d.) in longevity is around 8% higher under early-life dietary restriction than a standard diet...
March 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298278/pediatric-celiac-disease-follow-up-in-the-spotlight
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Valitutti, Chiara Maria Trovato, Monica Montuori, Salvatore Cucchiara
The follow-up of celiac disease (CD) is challenging due to the scarcity of published data and the lack of standardized evidence-based protocols. The worldwide frequency and methods of CD follow-up appear to be heavily influenced by expert opinions of the individual physicians who assess children with CD. The aim of this review was to summarize the available studies on CD follow-up in children. We conducted a literature search with the use of PubMed, Medline, and Embase (from 1900 to 15 December 2016) for terms relevant to this review, including CD, follow-up, dietary adherence or dietary compliance, nutrition, comorbidities, complications, and quality of life...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
keyword
keyword
97354
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"