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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458057/roles-of-the-insulin-signaling-pathway-in-insect-development-and-organ-growth
#1
Xianyu Lin, Guy Smagghe
Organismal development is a complex process as it requires coordination of many aspects to grow into fit individuals, such as the control of body size and organ growth. Therefore, the mechanisms of precise control of growth are essential for ensuring the growth of organisms at a correct body size and proper organ proportions during development. The control of the growth rate and the duration of growth (or the cessation of growth) are required in size control. The insulin signaling pathway and the elements involved are essential in the control of growth...
February 16, 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457700/impact-of-home-spirometry-on-medication-adherence-among-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Aarti Shakkottai, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Kasmikha, Samya Z Nasr
OBJECTIVE: Medication adherence among adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) is often suboptimal and this has significant impact on their health and quality of life. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of frequent home pulmonary function (PFT) monitoring on medication adherence among adolescents with CF. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that weekly home PFT monitoring will improve adherence while not significantly adding to the treatment burden. METHODS: Individuals aged 12-21 years with CF were provided a spirometer to measure PFTs weekly for 1 year...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#3
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456627/growth-and-lipid-accumulation-by-different-nutrients-in-the-microalga-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#4
Lei Yang, Jun Chen, Shan Qin, Min Zeng, Yongguang Jiang, Lang Hu, Peng Xiao, Wenlong Hao, Zhangli Hu, Anping Lei, Jiangxin Wang
Background: Individual nutrient depletion is widely used to induce lipid accumulation in microalgae, which also causes cell growth inhibition and decreases the total biomass. Thus, improving the lipid accumulation without biomass loss in the nutrient deficiency cells becomes a potential cost-effective treatment for cheaper biofuels. Methods: In this study, the effects of different nutritional conditions on the growth and contents of lipids in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were compared, and the metabolic profiles under different nutritional conditions were also investigated...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456585/neuroinflammation-and-neurohormesis-in-the-pathogenesis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-alzheimer-linked-pathologies-modulation-by-nutritional-mushrooms
#5
REVIEW
Angela Trovato Salinaro, Manuela Pennisi, Rosanna Di Paola, Maria Scuto, Rosalia Crupi, Maria Teresa Cambria, Maria Laura Ontario, Mario Tomasello, Maurizio Uva, Luigi Maiolino, Edward J Calabrese, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Vittorio Calabrese
Human life develops and expands not only in time and space, but also in the retrograde permanent recollection and interweaving of memories. Therefore, individual human identity depends fully on a proper access to the autobiographical memory. Such access is hindered or lost under pathological conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, including recently associated oxidant pathologies, such as ocular neural degeneration occurring in glaucoma or neurosensorial degeneration occurring in Menière's disease. Oxidative stress and altered antioxidant systems have been suggested to play a role in the aetiology of major neurodegenerative disorders, and altered expression of genes sensing oxidative stress, as well as decreased cellular stress response mechanisms could synergistically contribute to the course of these oxidant disorders...
2018: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456430/effect-of-medical-nutrition-therapy-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-a-low-no-cost-clinic-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#6
Mark D Agee, Zane Gates, Patrick M Irwin
Background: Although many studies have been conducted regarding the effectiveness of medical nutrition therapy (MNT) for type 2 diabetes management, less is known about the effectiveness of MNT for low-income adults. This study evaluated the contribution of MNT in improving A1C and blood pressure in a population of low-income adults with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This was a population-based, propensity score-matched cohort study using provincial health data from Altoona, Blair County, Pa...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455705/barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-farmers-market-incentive-programme-users-in-illinois-usa
#7
Chelsea R Singleton, Sydney Fouché, Rucha Deshpande, Angela Odoms-Young, Corey Chatman, Connie Spreen
OBJECTIVE: Previous research indicates that low-income individuals often struggle to consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables (F&V). LINK Up Illinois is a farmers' market incentive programme that aims to increase F&V consumption among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients by improving access to and affordability of locally grown foods. The present research aimed to identify barriers to F&V consumption that exist among users of the LINK Up Illinois programme...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455523/sonchus-oleraceus-residue-improves-nutritive-and-health-promoting-value-%C3%A2-of-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris%C3%A2-%C3%A2-l-a-metabolic-study-%C3%A2
#8
Mahmoud O Hassan, Ahmed M Saleh, Hamada AbdElgawad
This study was conducted to evaluate the use of the phenolic-rich Sonchus ‎oleraceus residue as ‎an ‎environmentally safe approach to induce the nutritive and health-promoting values of ‎common bean ‎‎(Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Bronco). S. oleraceus shoot residue, at rates of 150 and 300 g m-2, has ‎improved soil ‎fertility via accumulation of soil macronutrients, ‎organic matter, organic carbon and ‎total phenolics. ‎The growth and yield of bean was significantly increased. Moreover, chemical ‎composition of ‎the treated seeds was significantly altered, whereas higher levels of total ‎antioxidant ‎capacity, ‎proteins, carbohydrates and most of the individual phenolic acids, ‎flavonoids, ‎vitamins, essential ‎amino acids, and unsaturated fatty acids were recorded...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455475/nutrition-education-in-the-care-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#9
Cheryl A M Anderson, Hoang Anh Nguyen
Diet counseling and nutrition education are recommended in the prevention and management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The importance of effectively addressing nutrition with patients has grown given the increasing prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes; conditions which influence CKD/ESRD. Dietary advice for individuals with CKD/ESRD can be seen as complex; and successful dietary management requires careful planning, periodic assessment of nutritional status, as well as monitoring of dietary compliance...
February 18, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455428/potential-of-feeding-beef-cattle-with-whole-corn-crop-silage-and-rice-straw-in-malaysia
#10
Muhamad Hazim Nazli, Ridzwan Abdul Halim, Amin Mahir Abdullah, Ghazali Hussin, Anjas Asmara Samsudin
The potential of using whole corn crop silage and rice straw as an alternative feed for the beef cattle based on the intake and growth performance were evaluated. Using randomised completely block design, nine adult Mafriwal cattle were blocked intro three groups and treated with three different forage diets supplemented with 20% pelleted palm kernel cake on dry matter basis. The treatments were 100% rice straw (RS), 100% corn silage (CS) and an equal mixture of rice straw and corn silage (MIX) fed ad libitum...
February 17, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455357/phytochemical-constituents-antioxidant-activity-and-antiproliferative-properties-of-black-red-and-brown-rice-bran
#11
Ali Ghasemzadeh, Mohamad Taghi Karbalaii, Hawa Z E Jaafar, Asmah Rahmat
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, the health benefits of the pigmented rice varieties have reported due to the presence of bioactive compounds. In this study, the phytochemical constituents (total phenolic, flavonoid and anthocyanin content) and individual phenolics and flavonoids of the extracts of sixteen genotypes of pigmented rice bran were evaluated using spectrophotometric and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method. Antioxidative properties of the free and bound fractions were evaluated using nitric oxide and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl scavenging assays...
February 17, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454997/regulatory-responses-of-hepatocytes-macrophages-and-vascular-endothelial-cells-to-magnesium-deficiency
#12
Mei Shigematsu, Shozo Tomonaga, Fumie Shimokawa, Masaru Murakami, Toru Imamura, Tohru Matsui, Masayuki Funaba
The liver is the organ that responds to nutritional disturbances including magnesium deficiency. The present study evaluated cellular responses to magnesium deficiency using model cells of the liver, namely, HepG2 cells as hepatocytes, RAW264.7 cells as Kupffer cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as vascular endothelial cells; we examined effects of culture with magnesium deficient medium on cell responses in individual types of cells as well as interactive responses among cells. Metabolomic analyses indicated that magnesium deficiency differentially affected the cellular content of metabolites among HepG2 cells, RAW264...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454883/obesity-or-diet-levels-and-determinants-of-phthalate-body-burden-a-case-study-on-portuguese-children
#13
Luísa Correia-Sá, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Claudia Pälmke, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
In this study we analyzed one of the most comprehensive sets of 21 urinary phthalate metabolites representing exposure to 11 parent phthalates (DEP, DMP, DiBP, DnBP, BBzP, DEHP, DiNP, DiDP, DCHP, DnPeP, DnOP) in first morning urine samples of 112 Portuguese children (4-18 years) sampled in 2014/15. The study population consisted of two groups: group 1 with normal weight/underweight children (N = 43) following their regular diet and group 2 with obese/overweight children (N = 69) following a healthy diet (with nutritional counselling)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454348/rational-engineering-of-streptomyces-albus-j1074-for-the-overexpression-of-secondary-metabolite-gene-clusters
#14
Dimitris Kallifidas, Guangde Jiang, Yousong Ding, Hendrik Luesch
BACKGROUND: Genome sequencing revealed that Streptomyces sp. can dedicate up to ~ 10% of their genomes for the biosynthesis of bioactive secondary metabolites. However, the majority of these biosynthetic gene clusters are only weakly expressed or not at all. Indeed, the biosynthesis of natural products is highly regulated through integrating multiple nutritional and environmental signals perceived by pleiotropic and pathway-specific transcriptional regulators. Although pathway-specific refactoring has been a proved, productive approach for the activation of individual gene clusters, the construction of a global super host strain by targeting pleiotropic-specific genes for the expression of multiple diverse gene clusters is an attractive approach...
February 17, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453655/proteomic-and-genomic-responses-of-plants-to-nutritional-stress
#15
REVIEW
Rout George Kerry, Gyana Prakash Mahapatra, Sushmita Patra, Santi Lata Sahoo, Chinmay Pradhan, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Jyoti Ranjan Rout
Minerals or trace elements in small amount are essential nutrients for every plant, but when the internal concentration exceeds the threshold, these essential elements do create phytotoxicity. Plant responses to elemental stresses are very common due to different anthropogenic activities; however it is a complex phenomenon with individual characteristics for various species. To cope up with the situation, a plant produces a group of strategies both in proteomic and genomic level to overcome it. Controlling the metal stress is known to activate a multigene response resulting in the changes in various proteins, which directly affects almost all biological processes in a living cell...
February 16, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452977/arguments-used-in-public-comments-to-support-or-oppose-the-us-department-of-agriculture-s-minimum-stocking-requirements-a-content-analysis
#16
Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Lauri Andress, Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Isabel Osborne, Barbara Baquero, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Carmen Byker-Shanks, Bailey Houghtaling, Jane Kolodinsky, Brian K Lo, Emily H Morgan, Emily Piltch, Elaine Prewitt, Rebecca A Seguin, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Retailer Rule proposed several changes for SNAP-authorized retailers, including: requiring retailers to have at least 85% of their food sales come from items that are not cooked or heated on site before or after purchase; requiring stores to stock seven varieties of qualifying foods from four staple food groups; requiring stores to carry perishable foods in three of the four staple groups; requiring stores to carry six units of qualifying foods at all times (depth of stock); disqualifying multiple ingredient foods and accessory foods from counting toward depth of stock requirements...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452975/associations-between-food-security-status-and-dietary-inflammatory-potential-within-lower-income-adults-from-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-cycles-2007-to-2014
#17
Rachel S Bergmans, Mari Palta, Stephanie A Robert, Lawrence M Berger, Deborah B Ehrenthal, Kristen M Malecki
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests both that chronic inflammation mediates the association of food insecurity with adverse health outcomes and that diet may be a significant source of inflammation among food insecure individuals. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether food security status is associated with dietary inflammatory potential. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), cycles 2007 to 2014 (n=10,630)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452067/alcohol-and-drug-use-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-individuals-a-secondary-analysis-of-nhanes-2013-2014
#18
Melissa L Anderson, Bei-Hung Chang, Nisha Kini
BACKGROUND: Within the field of behavioral health research, one of the most understudied populations is the U.S. Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) population - a diverse group of individuals with hearing loss that have varied language and communication preferences, community affiliations, and sociocultural norms. Recent research identified concerning behavioral health disparities experienced by the D/HH population; yet, little research has been conducted to extend these findings to the topic of substance use disorder...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452044/food-addiction-is-associated-with-higher-neuroticism-lower-conscientiousness-higher-impulsivity-but-lower-extraversion-in-obese-patient-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#19
Paul Brunault, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Robert Courtois, Céline Bourbao-Tournois, Irène Delbachian, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
BACKGROUND: The "food addiction" phenotype identifies a subpopulation of individuals experiencing substance-dependence symptoms toward specific foods. In the current debate on whether the "food addiction" phenotype should be considered as an addictive disorder, assessment of the personality traits associated with this phenotype would provide arguments for or against the "food addiction" phenotype and its inclusion in the "substance-related and addictive disorder" category...
February 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451849/a-comprehensive-review-of-eggs-choline-and-lutein-on-cognition-across-the-life-span
#20
Taylor C Wallace
In 2030, one in five Americans will be older than 65 years, and with that an increase in the number of individuals who experience loss in cognitive capacity is to be expected. At the same time, nutrition within the first 1000 days postconception has been suggested to strongly influence cognitive outcomes across the life-span in humans. Eggs are a primary source of both choline and the xanthophyll carotenoid lutein in the western diet, and both have been suggested to influence cognitive function in humans. This comprehensive review critically examines the effects of eggs, choline, and lutein on cognition across the life-span...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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