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an Apple a day

Jie Zhang, Hui Pang, Mengxia Ma, Yufen Bu, Wei Shao, Weijing Huang, Qianlong Ji, Yuncong Yao
Plant growth can be promoted by the application of apple fruit fermentation (AFF), despite unclear of the underlying mechanisms, the effects involved in AFF on rhizosphere microorganisms have been hypothesized. We investigated the consequences of applying AFF alone or in combination with Bacillus licheniformis to strawberry tissue culture seedlings in vitro, the analyses of Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) and 16S rDNA were performed to determine AFF effects on rhizosphere. Moreover, the growth index and antioxidant enzyme activities were determined 30 days after treatments...
2016: PloS One
Andromachi Spanouli, Joeri Hofmans
Amidst a struggling economy, organizations are ruled by the survival of the fittest paradigm but it is the employees who tend to pay the price, with increased demands which, oftentimes, fall outside their job scope. In the present paper, we examined whether pressuring people to engage in such organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) might in fact backfire and lead to increased Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) because of compensatory mechanisms. We propose a typology of OCB that distinguishes between discretionary and elicited OCB, hypothesizing that elicited but not discretionary OCB, positively relates to CWB...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Hideyuki Maruki, Masato Sato, Toshiaki Takezawa, Yoshiki Tani, Munetaka Yokoyama, Takumi Takahashi, Eriko Toyoda, Eri Okada, Shigehisa Aoki, Joji Mochida, Yoshiharu Kato
We studied the ability of collagen vitrigel material to repair cartilage in vivo when used alone or with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). We measured the time course and quantity of TGF-β1 released from the collagen vitrigel in vitro to quantify the controlled release of TGF-β1. Over 14 days, 0.91 ng of TGF-β was released from the collagen vitrigel. Osteochondral defects were made in the femoral trochlear groove in 36 Japanese white rabbits, which were divided into three groups: untreated group (group A), collagen vitrigel-implanted group (group B), and TGF-β1-incorporated collagen vitrigel-implanted group (group C)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Farzaneh Khademi, Jafar Ai, Masoud Soleimani, Javad Verdi, Seyed Mohammad Tavangar, Esmaeil Sadroddiny, Mohammad Massumi, Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi
Liver tissue engineering (TE) is rapidly emerging as an effective technique which combines engineering and biological processes to compensate for the shortage of damaged or destroyed liver tissues. We examined the viability, differentiation, and integration of hepatocyte-like cells on an electrospun polyethersulfone (PES) scaffold, derived from human endometrial stem cells (hEnSCs). Natural polymers were separately grafted on plasma-treated PES nanofibers, that is, collagen, heparan sulfate (HS) and collagen-HS...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Pavels Semjonovs, Maija Ruklisha, Longina Paegle, Madara Saka, Rita Treimane, Marite Skute, Linda Rozenberga, Laura Vikele, Martins Sabovics, Ilse Cleenwerck
Isolate B17 from Kombucha was estimated to be an efficient producer of bacterial cellulose (BC). The isolate was deposited under the number P 1463 and identified as Komagataeibacter rhaeticus by comparing a generated amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP™) DNA fingerprint against a reference database. Static cultivation of the K. rhaeticus strain P 1463 in Hestrin and Schramm (HS) medium resulted in 4.40 ± 0.22 g/L BC being produced, corresponding to a BC yield from glucose of 25.30 ± 1.78 %, when the inoculum was made with a modified HS medium containing 10 g/L glucose...
September 27, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Kate L Brookie, Louise A Mainvil, Anitra C Carr, Margreet C M Vissers, Tamlin S Conner
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test the effectiveness of a mobile-phone based ecological momentary intervention (EMI) to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption in low-consuming young adults. METHODS: A two-week randomised controlled trial of low-FV consuming young adults ages 18-25 years (n = 171) compared three conditions: ecological momentary intervention (EMI), fruit and vegetable intervention (FVI), and a diet-as-usual control (ANZCTRN12615000183583). Participants in the EMI condition were sent two targeted text messages a day for 13 days and were asked to increase daily FV consumption to at least five servings...
September 15, 2016: Appetite
Marie Claude Denis, Denis Roy, Pantea Rahmani Yeganeh, Yves Desjardins, Thibault Varin, Nour Haddad, Devendra Amre, Alain Théophile Sané, Carole Garofalo, Alexandra Furtos, Natalie Patey, Edgard Delvin, Eric Tremblay, Andre Marette, Jean François Beaulieu, Emile Levy
Diets rich in fruits and vegetables may reduce oxidative stress and inflammation via several mechanisms. These beneficial effects may be due to their high polyphenol content. The aims of the present study are to evaluate the preventive and therapeutic aspects of polyphenols in dried apple peel extract (DAPP) on intestinal inflammation while elucidating the underlying mechanisms and clinical benefits. Induction of intestinal inflammation in mice was performed by oral administration of the inflammatory agent DSS at 2...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Anna Carolina Ratto-Tespestini, Paula Juliana Pérez-Chaparro, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito, Luciene Cristina Figueiredo, Marcelo Faveri, Hilana Paula Carillo, Priscila Larcher, Magda Feres
INTRODUCTION: Oral-derived bacteremia may occur after several dental procedures and routine daily activities. Some conditions of the oral cavity may favor episodes of bacteremia. This would be the case of patients with diabetes mellitus and periodontitis, who exhibit exacerbated gingival inflammation and may be more prone to developing oral-derived bacteremia.  OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of an independent culture method (quantitative real-time PCR- qCR) and the most commonly used method (BacT-ALERT 3D®) for the diagnosis of bacteremia...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
N M Foley, E P O'Connell, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Maher, S Kaimkhani, T Cil, N Relihan, M W Bennett, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
OBJECTIVES: The information needs of cancer patients are highly variable. Literature suggests an improved ability to modulate personalised stress, increased patient involvement with decision making, greater satisfaction with treatment choices and reduced anxiety levels in cancer patients who have access to information. The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of a mobile information application on anxiety levels of patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An application was developed for use with Apple iPad containing information on basic breast cancer biology, different treatments used and surgical techniques...
September 6, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Alexander Mertens, Christopher Brandl, Talya Miron-Shatz, Christopher Schlick, Till Neumann, Andreas Kribben, Sven Meister, Clarissa Jonas Diamantidis, Urs-Vito Albrecht, Peter Horn, Stefan Becker
Medication adherence is crucial for success in the management of patients with chronic conditions. This study analyzes whether a mobile application on a tablet aimed at supporting drug intake and vital sign parameter documentation affects adherence in elderly patients.Patients with coronary heart disease and no prior knowledge of tablet computers were recruited. They received a personal introduction to the mobile application Medication Plan, installed on an Apple iPad. The study was conducted using a crossover design with 3 sequences: initial phase, interventional phase (28 days of using the app system), and comparative phase (28 days of using a paper diary)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Khalil Shahramian, Heidi Leminen, Ville Meretoja, Paula Linderbäck, Ilkka Kangasniemi, Lippo Lassila, Aous Abdulmajeed, Timo Närhi
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sol-gel derived bioactive coatings on the biaxial flexural strength and fibroblast proliferation of zirconia, aimed to be used as an implant abutment material. Yttrium stabilized zirconia disc-shaped specimens were cut, ground, sintered, and finally cleansed ultrasonically in each of acetone and ethanol for 5 minutes. Three experimental groups (n = 15) were fabricated, zirconia with sol-gel derived titania (TiO2 ) coating, zirconia with sol-gel derived zirconia (ZrO2 ) coating, and non-coated zirconia as a control...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Naoki Akasaka, Haruka Higashikubo, Yuri Ishii, Hisao Sakoda, Shinsuke Fujiwara
Vinegar produced by acetic acid bacteria is used as an attractant for fruit flies. Apple cider vinegar (ACV) and brown rice vinegar (BRV) are used as lures to detect Drosophila suzukii (also known as the spotted wing drosophila [SWD], a newly emerging invasive pest of soft-skinned fruits) and to capture Drosophila melanogaster, respectively. In the present study, we evaluated the attractiveness of BRV and ACV to SWD in laboratory trapping experiments using an upturned microcentrifuge tube with a pipette tip as a trap...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Gian Carlo Tenore, Domenico Caruso, Giuseppe Buonomo, Emanuela D'Urso, Maria D'Avino, Pietro Campiglia, Luciana Marinelli, Ettore Novellino
BACKGROUND: Recent human studies have evaluated the effect of daily apple consumption on plasma cholesterol level which is recognized as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Nevertheless, slightly significant effects have been generally registered although consuming more than two apples a day for several weeks. RESULTS: This study describes the influence of daily consumption of Annurca apples on the cholesterol levels of mildly hypercholesterolemic healthy subjects...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Mitchell J Odom, Young M Lee, Scott L Zuckerman, Rachel P Apple, Theodore Germanos, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills
This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of a novel computer-based, portable balance assessment tool, the Equilibrate System (ES), used to diagnose sports-related concussion. Twenty-seven students participated in ES testing consisting of three sessions over 4 weeks. The modified Balance Error Scoring System was performed. For each participant, test-retest reliability was established using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The ES test-retest reliability from baseline to week 2 produced an ICC value of 0...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Oliver Bissinger, Kilian Kreutzer, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Gabriele Wexel, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Christoph Pautke, Stephan Vogt, Peter Michael Prodinger, Thomas Tischer
Cefuroxime is widely used for antibiotic prophylaxis in orthopedic surgery. However, a recent study indicated a dose-dependent reduction in osteoblast function in vitro. Nevertheless, cell culture might not sufficiently imitate the complex process of bone remodeling. As data concerning possible in vivo interactions of cefuroxime on fracture healing are completely missing, we investigated the following hypothesis: Does Cefuroxime impair bone healing in vivo? Therefore, 34 male Wistar rats were randomised to cefuroxime-treated or control groups, a Kirschner wire was inserted into right femora and closed transverse fractures were produced...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Myungook Lee, Jong Il Ahn, Ji Yeon Ahn, Woo Sub Yang, Jeffrey A Hubbell, Jeong Mook Lim, Seung Tae Lee
We evaluated whether the genetic background of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) affects the properties suitable for three-dimensional (3D) synthetic scaffolds for cell self-renewal. Inbred R1 and hybrid B6D2F1 mouse ESC lines were cultured for 7 days in hydrogel scaffolds with different properties derived from conjugating 7.5, 10, 12.5, or 15% (wt/vol) vinylsulfone-functionalized three-, four-, or eight-arm polyethylene glycol (PEG) with dicysteine-containing crosslinkers with an intervening matrix metalloproteinase-specific cleavage sites...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Sunil Kumar, Wee L Yee, Lisa G Neven
The apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a major quarantine pest of apples (Malus domestica Borkhausen) in the United States. Apple maggot is found only in North America and negatively impacts the apple industry in the western United States by reducing grower access to export markets. To reduce the threat of apple maggot to export countries and to facilitate the movement of commercial apples, an assessment of potential risk of establishment of apple maggot is needed to predict which regions are suitable or unsuitable for the fly...
October 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Amanda Choflet, Amol K Narang, Laura Herald Hoofring, Sarah Bonerigo, Omar Y Mian, Lisa Katulis, Zhi Cheng, Susan Appling
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cancer and risky alcohol and illicit substance use (AISU) are more likely to suffer diminished quality of life and subpar treatment outcomes. The prevalence of AISU in patients with cancer is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: This article reports on the results of a needs assessment to quantify AISU in individuals with cancer seeking care in the radiation oncology department of a large, academic medical center. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for all patients seen in the radiation oncology department in a one-week (five-day) period in the fall of 2014 (N = 397)...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Eriola Betiku, Harrison A Emeko, Bamidele O Solomon
The potential of cashew apple juice (CAJ) as a carbon source for oxalic acid (OA) production via fermentation process was investigated in this study. The effects and interactions of CAJ concentration, time, pH, NaNO3 concentration and methanol concentration on OA production were determined in a central composite design (CCD) and the process was modelled and optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The results showed that OA fermentation can be described significantly (p < 0.05) by a quadratic model giving regression coefficient (R (2)) of 0...
February 2016: Heliyon
David L Chandler
In April 2016, in honor of Autism Acceptance Month, Apple released a video that quickly went viral, racking up more than 4 million views in its first few days (https://youtube/oMN2PeFama0). It shows a teenage boy named Dillan whose life has been completely transformed by the use of an iPad. As a nonverbal person, until he learned to use the device, he had no way of showing people that he was aware, thoughtful, paying attention, and eager to communicate. He just didn't have the necessary control over his body?s vocal apparatus to let people know he was really there...
July 2016: IEEE Pulse
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