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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149190/improved-capture-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-a-trap-baited-with-two-attractants-in-the-same-device
#1
Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148054/transcriptome-analysis-unravels-an-ethylene-response-factor-involved-in-regulating-fruit-ripening-in-pear
#2
Ping-Ping Hao, Guo-Ming Wang, Hai-Yan Cheng, Ya-Qi Ke, Kai-Jie Qi, Chao Gu, Shao-Ling Zhang
Ethylene response factor (ERF) has been widely studied in regulating fruit ripening in tomato, apple, banana and kiwifruit, but little is known in pear. In this study 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment, an inhibitor of ethylene perception, was conducted at approximately 30 days before harvest to delay fruit ripening in a climacteric white pear cultivar Yali. Transcriptome libraries were constructed and sequenced in pre-ripening, ripening, and 1-MCP treated fruits. Data analysis showed that 73 candidate genes related to fruit ripening were induced by 1-MCP, among which two were positively related, namely 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxyla oxidase and an ERF gene (designated as ACO54 and ERF24)...
November 16, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136835/design-and-construction-of-an-injection-port-for-coupling-stir-bar-sorptive-extraction-with-ion-mobility-spectrometry
#3
Mohammad T Jafari, Mohammad R Rezayat, Mehdi Mossaddegh
An appropriate injection port was designed and constructed for direct analysis of stir-bar sorptive extractions using an ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). The novel design of the port offers great simplicity in use, high sensitivity, and high thermal and mechanical stability. The sol-gel technique was applied to prepare polydimethylsiloxane absorbent on a stir-bar. The parameters affecting extraction efficiency including stirring rate, extraction temperature, extraction time, salt addition and desorption temperature were optimized...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106034/evaluation-of-central-venous-catheters-coated-with-a-noble-metal-alloy-a-randomized-clinical-pilot-study-of-coating-durability-performance-and-tolerability
#4
Gunilla Björling, Dorota Johansson, Linda Bergström, Anton Strekalovsky, Javier Sanchez, Claes Frostell, Sigridur Kalman
The use of Central Venous Catheters (CVCs) commonly results in complications. Coatings with silver or metal alloys can reduce the risk associated with the use of CVC. We have evaluated the durability of a noble metal coated CVC (the Bactiguard Infectious Protection, BIP CVC) and compared with an uncoated CVC for clinical tolerability (Adverse Events, AEs) and performance, in order to create a baseline for a large future study. Patients undergoing major surgery, randomised at a 2:1 ratio to BIP CVC (n = 22) or standard CVC (n = 12), were catheterized 9 - 12 days, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068210/direct-conversion-of-co2-to-%C3%AE-farnesene-using-metabolically-engineered-synechococcus-elongatus-pcc-7942
#5
Hyun Jeong Lee, Jiwon Lee, Sun-Mi Lee, Youngsoon Um, Yunje Kim, Sang Jun Sim, Jong-Il Choi, Han Min Woo
Direct conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to value-added chemicals by engineering of cyanobacteria has received attention as a sustainable strategy in food and chemical industries. Herein, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, a model cyanobacterium, was engineered to produce α-farnesene from CO2. Due to the lack of farnesene synthase (FS) activity in the wild-type cyanobacterium, we metabolically engineered S. elongatus PCC 7942 to express heterologous FS from either Norway spruce or apple fruit, resulting in detectable peaks of α-farnesene...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065223/influence-of-polysaccharide-based-edible-coatings-as-carriers-of-prebiotic-fibers-on-quality-attributes-of-ready-to-eat-fresh-blueberries
#6
María V Alvarez, Alejandra G Ponce, María R Moreira
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding the effect of dietary fibers added into edible coatings on quality attributes of ready-to-eat fruits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sodium alginate (AL) and chitosan (CH) edible coatings enriched with four different dietary fibers (apple fiber, orange fiber, inulin and oligofructose) on microbiological, nutritional, physicochemical and sensorial properties of ready-to-eat fresh blueberries stored for 18 days at 5 °C...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038553/a-comparison-of-passive-and-active-estimates-of-sleep-in-a-cohort-with-schizophrenia
#7
Patrick Staples, John Torous, Ian Barnett, Kenzie Carlson, Luis Sandoval, Matcheri Keshavan, Jukka-Pekka Onnela
Sleep abnormalities are considered an important feature of schizophrenia, yet convenient and reliable sleep monitoring remains a challenge. Smartphones offer a novel solution to capture both self-reported and objective measures of sleep in schizophrenia. In this three-month observational study, 17 subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia currently in treatment downloaded Beiwe, a platform for digital phenotyping, on their personal Apple or Android smartphones. Subjects were given tri-weekly ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) on their own smartphones, and passive data including accelerometer, GPS, screen use, and anonymized call and text message logs was continuously collected...
October 16, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036594/impaired-defense-reactions-in-apple-replant-disease-affected-roots-of-malus-domestica-m26
#8
Stefan Weiß, Benye Liu, Dennis Reckwell, Ludger Beerhues, Traud Winkelmann
A soil- and site-dependent complex of diverse microbial populations causes apple replant disease (ARD), which leads to economic losses for tree nurseries and apple producers due to reduced plant growth and diminished fruit yields. Soil fumigation has been widely used to mitigate ARD, but the application of these chemicals is restricted in the European Union. Hence, other counteractions have to be developed. Genomics-based breeding may be used to select ARD-tolerant genotypes; however, molecular responses of ARD are not well understood...
September 19, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031009/fabrication-of-biodegradable-foams-for-deep-tissue-negative-pressure-treatments
#9
Harleigh J Warner, William D Wagner
Devices for negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) rely on compressible foams operating at the tissue-device interface. Clinically used foams are nonabsorbable and if used on deep wounds or left in place for an extended period of time, excessive cell ingrowth and formation of granulation tissue into the foam may require a surgical procedure to remove the foam. Foams with fast degradation and with low immunogenicity and fibrotic response are required. Foams composed of combinations of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), poly(lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL), and polycaprolactone (PCL) were created by combined salt leaching and solvent displacement protocols...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985142/sour-cherries-but-not-apples-added-to-the-regular-diet-decrease-resting-and-fmlp-stimulated-chemiluminescence-of-fasting-whole-blood-in-healthy-subjects
#10
Piotr Bialasiewicz, Anna Prymont-Przyminska, Anna Zwolinska, Agata Sarniak, Anna Wlodarczyk, Maciej Krol, Jaroslaw Markowski, Krzysztof P Rutkowski, Dariusz Nowak
OBJECTIVE: Berry fruits rich in anthocyanins have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Blood phagocytes are an important source of oxidants that contribute to inflammatory response and oxidative stress. We examined the effect of sour cherry consumption on luminol-enhanced whole blood chemiluminescence (LBCL) reflecting oxidants generation by circulating phagocytes in healthy subjects. METHODS: Thirty-four and 29 healthy subjects (on a regular diet) consumed 500 g of sour cherries containing 346...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977167/11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-ii-activity-is-affected-by-grapefruit-juice-and-intense-muscular-work
#11
Christopher Kargl, Mohammad Arshad, Fahad Salman, Regina C Schurman, Pedro Del Corral
OBJECTIVE: The enzymatic activity of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11β-HSD2) is key to protecting mineral corticoid receptors from cortisol and has been implicated in blood pressure regulation. Grapefruit juice (GFJ) and acidity are thought to inhibit this enzyme in vitro. This study examines the effect of GFJ and intense exercise on 11β-HSD2 enzyme activity in vivo. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighteen subjects ingested GFJ or apple juice (CON) on separate days prior to reporting to the laboratory in a randomized order...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974507/isolated-ascites-in-a-newborn-with-apple-peel-jejunal-atresia
#12
Otilia Osmulikevici, Elizabeth Renji, Bruce Jaffray, Nicholas Embleton
Isolated fetal ascites was diagnosed at 20 weeks in a primiparous woman with no significant medical history. Progressive fetal ascites worsened after 28 weeks and resulted in fetal hydroceles. Delivery was by caesarian section at 33 weeks, preceded by reduction of fetal ascites under ultrasound guidance. Following delivery, the baby required further reduction of abdominal fluid and endotracheal intubation to provide respiratory support. An extensive set of investigations, including metabolic and genetic screening, was performed; all results were negative...
October 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974035/nutritional-and-health-related-effects-of-a-diet-containing-apple-seed-meal-in-rats-the-case-of-amygdalin
#13
Paulina M Opyd, Adam Jurgoński, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Joanna Milala, Zenon Zduńczyk, Bogusław Król
Apple pomace includes seeds that are rich in protein, fiber, and oil, which can be extracted from them. However, they can also contain a significant amount of toxigenic amygdalin. We hypothesized that amygdalin is a compound that significantly reduces the nutritional and health quality of defatted apple seeds. An experiment was conducted on rats that were distributed into three groups and fed with high-fructose diets. In the control (C) and amygdalin (AMG) groups, cellulose and casein were the source of dietary fiber and protein, respectively; in the apple seed meal (ASM) group, dietary fiber and protein originated from the endosperm of apple seeds, which were previously defatted and ground...
October 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949531/efficient-degradation-of-malathion-in-the-presence-of-detergents-using-an-engineered-organophosphorus-hydrolase-highly-expressed-by-pichia-pastoris-without-methanol-induction
#14
Yun-Peng Bai, Xiao-Jing Luo, Yu-Lian Zhao, Chun-Xiu Li, Dian-Sheng Xu, Jian-He Xu
The biodegradation of pesticides by organophosphorus hydrolases (OPHs) requires an efficient enzyme production technology in industry. Herein, a Pichia pastoris strain was constructed for the extracellular expression of PoOPHM9, an engineered malathion-degrading enzyme. After optimization, the maximum titer and yield of fermentation reached 50.8 kU/L and 4.1 gprotein/L after 3 days, with the highest space-time yield (STY) reported so far, 640 U L(-1) h(-1). PoOPHM9 displayed its high activity and stability in the presence of 0...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944154/custard-apple-seed-induced-keratitis-a-harmful-traditional-practice-in-south-india
#15
Pratheeba Devi Nivean, S Malarkodi, M Nishanth, M Nivean
Custard apple seeds have been used as a traditional remedy for scalp infestation of lice and dandruff since many years in our part of the world. Not many people, doctors even, are aware about the ill effects of this practice. Surprisingly, there are very few reports on poisoning due to these seeds and the management is not very well streamlined. Rohit Shetty et al. highlighted the ill effects of the seeds and the need to avoid steroids in these cases as they worsen the clinical scenario. We present 2 patients who developed keratoconjunctivitis due to ocular exposure with custard apple seeds...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926194/inverse-response-of-osteoblasts-and-fibroblasts-to-growth-on-carbon-deposited-titanium-surfaces
#16
Chie Yoshihara, Takeshi Ueno, Peng Chen, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Takao Hanawa, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
Titanium implant surfaces may serve as attachment substrates for various cell types. Since carbon adsorption on titanium is inevitable, this study examined the negative/positive biological reaction of osteoblasts and fibroblasts on carbon-deposited titanium surfaces. Osteogenic MC3T3-E1 and fibrogenic NIH/3T3 cells were separately cultured on titanium disks on which carbon deposition was experimentally regulated to achieve titanium/carbon ratios of 6.5, 0.02, 0.005, and 0. The initial attachment of cells demonstrated that the quantity of attached osteoblasts on Ti/C (0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911529/an-apple-a-day-to-prevent-cancer-formation-reducing-cancer-risk-with-flavonoids
#17
REVIEW
Shih-Hsin Tu, Li-Ching Chen, Yuan-Soon Ho
The purpose of this review is to update and discuss key findings from in vitro and in vivo studies on apple and its biocompounds, with a special focus on its anticancer role. Several studies have proposed that apple and its extracts exhibit a variety of biological functions that may contribute to health benefits including beneficial effects against chronic heart and vascular disorders, respiratory and pulmonary dysfunction, diabetes, obesity, and cancer. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanism(s) of various components in apple, as established in previous studies that indicated their growth-inhibitory effects in various cancer cell types...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888067/injectable-thermosensitive-alginate-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-aspirin-hydrogels-for-bone-augmentation
#18
Xiaoqian Fang, Lei Lei, Ting Jiang, Ying Chen, Yunqing Kang
In this study, an injectable and thermo-sensitive alginate/β-tricalcium phosphate hydrogel (TSAH/β-TCP) was prepared for aspirin release to a bone defect. Aspirin was dissolved into a mixture of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), an aminated alginate-g-PNIPAAm co-polymer, and β-TCP powders. Scanning electron microscopy showed that TSAH/β-TCP had an interconnected porous microstructure with a porosity of 86.78%. The cross-linked hydrogel released approximately 40% of the aspirin in the first 3 days and then slowly released the remainder...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880985/dietary-modifications-in-the-treatment-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-will-an-apple-a-day-keep-the-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-away
#19
Robert T Kavitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868268/effect-of-concentrated-apple-extract-on-experimental-colitis-induced-by-acetic-acid
#20
Maurício Mercaldi Pastrelo, Carla Caroline Dias Ribeiro, Joselmo Willamys Duarte, Andréa Pitelli Bioago Gollücke, Ricardo Artigiani-Neto, Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Sender Jankiel Miszputen, Celina Tizuko Fujiyama Oshima, Ana Paula Ribeiro Paiotti
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) play a crucial role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exacerbating the chronic inflammatory process. Endogenous and diet antioxidants can neutralize these compounds. The apple is widely consumed, with several antioxidant activity compounds. The present study evaluated the effects of concentrated apple extract (CAE) in acetic acid induced colitis. 29 Wistar male rats were randomized into 5 groups. G1-Sham/saline solution, G2-CAE/control, G3-acetic acid/control, G4-curative- CAE treatment and G5-preventive-CAE treatment...
2017: International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine
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