keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cd26

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772527/a-novel-role-for-cd26-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-as-a-therapeutic-target
#1
Kei Ohnuma, Ryo Hatano, Eriko Komiya, Haruna Otsuka, Takumi Itoh, Noriaki Iwao, Yutaro Kaneko, Taketo Yamada, Nam H Dang, Chikao Morimoto
CD26 is a 110 kDa surface glycoprotein with intrinsic dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity that is expressed on numerous cell types and has a multitude of biological functions. The role of CD26 in immune regulation has been extensively characterized, with recent findings elucidating its linkage with signaling pathways and structures involved in T-lymphocyte activation as well as antigen presenting cell-T-cell interaction. In this paper, we will review emerging data on CD26-mediated immune regulation suggesting that CD26 may be an appropriate therapeutic target for the treatment of selected immune disorders as well as Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772458/phenotyping-and-target-expression-profiling-of-cd34-cd38-and-cd34-cd38-stem-and-progenitor-cells-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#2
Katharina Blatt, Ingeborg Menzl, Gregor Eisenwort, Sabine Cerny-Reiterer, Harald Herrmann, Susanne Herndlhofer, Gabriele Stefanzl, Irina Sadovnik, Daniela Berger, Alexandra Keller, Alexander Hauswirth, Gregor Hoermann, Michael Willmann, Thomas Rülicke, Heinz Sill, Wolfgang R Sperr, Christine Mannhalter, Junia V Melo, Ulrich Jäger, Veronika Sexl, Peter Valent
Leukemic stem cells (LSCs) are an emerging target of curative anti-leukemia therapy. In acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), LSCs frequently express CD34 and often lack CD38. However, little is known about markers and targets expressed in ALL LSCs. We have examined marker- and target expression profiles in CD34+ /CD38- LSCs in patients with Ph+ ALL (n = 22) and Ph- ALL (n = 27) by multi-color flow cytometry and qPCR. ALL LSCs expressed CD19 (B4), CD44 (Pgp-1), CD123 (IL-3RA), and CD184 (CXCR4) in all patients tested...
May 14, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749611/proteomic-definition-of-human-mucosal-associated-invariant-t-cells-determines-their-unique-molecular-effector-phenotype
#3
Björn Bulitta, Werner Zuschratter, Isabel Bernal, Dunja Bruder, Frank Klawonn, Martin von Bergen, Henrikus Stephanus Paulus Garritsen, Lothar Jänsch
Mucosal-associated invariant T cells (MAIT) constitute the most abundant anti-bacterial CD8+ T cell population in humans. MR1/TCR-activated MAIT cells were reported to organize cytotoxic and innate-like responses but knowledge about their molecular effector phenotype is still fragmentary. Here, we have examined the functional inventory of human MAIT cells (CD3+Vα7.2+CD161+) in comparison with those from conventional non-MAIT CD8+ T cells (cCD8+ ) and NK cells. Quantitative mass spectrometry characterized 5500 proteins of primary MAIT cells and identified 160 and 135 proteins that discriminate them from cCD8+ T cells and NK cells donor-independently...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745882/the-adenosinergic-system-a-potential-player-in-the-pathogenesis-of-anca-associated-vasculitis
#4
REVIEW
Lovis Kling, Bernhard K Krämer, Benito A Yard, Anna-Isabelle Kälsch
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a potentially lethal autoimmune disease whose pathology comprises disturbed T cell differentiation and functionality accompanied by dysfunctional autoreactive immunoglobulin development, culminating in destructive innate immune response as well. Purines, adenine nucleotides and adenosine in particular, have been elucidated as potent extracellular mediators for fine adjustment of these pivotal processes establishing human immunity. Therefore, the extracellular purinergic microenvironment is under control of ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73 degrading pro-inflammatory adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to anti-inflammatory adenosine as well as adenosine deaminase bound to CD26 deactivating adenosine...
May 3, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731713/cytokine-induced-killer-cells-express-cd39-cd38-cd203a-cd73-ectoenzymes-and-p1-adenosinergic-receptors
#5
Alberto L Horenstein, Antonella Chillemi, Roberta Zini, Valeria Quarona, Nicoletta Bianchi, Rossella Manfredini, Roberto Gambari, Fabio Malavasi, Davide Ferrari
Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells, a heterogeneous T cell population obtained by in vitro differentiation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), represent a promising immunological approach in cancer. Numerous studies have explored the role of CD38, CD39, CD203a/PC-1, and CD73 in generating extracellular adenosine (ADO) and thus in shaping the tumor niche in favor of proliferation. The findings shown here reveal that CIK cells are able to produce extracellular ADO via traditional (CD39/CD73) and/or alternative (CD38/CD203a/CD73 or CD203a/CD73) pathways...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693275/the-effect-of-cd26-deficiency-on-dipeptidyl-peptidase-8-and-9-expression-profiles-in-a-mouse-model-of-crohn-s-disease
#6
Suncica Buljevic, Dijana Detel, Ester P Pugel, Jadranka Varljen
The involvement of dipeptidyl peptidase (DP) IV/CD26 (DPP IV/CD26) family members in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD), an autoimmune inflammatory condition of the gut, is effected mainly through proteolytic cleavage of immunomodulatory substrates and DPP IV/CD26's costimulatory function. DP8 and DP9 are proteases with diverse functions including cell interactions, apoptosis, and immune response but their localization remains to be clarified. We assessed the impact of DPP IV/CD26 deficiency (CD26-/- ) on the expression profiles of DP8 and DP9 by qPCR and immunodetection as well as quantified DP8/9 enzyme activity in distinctive phases of a chemically-induced CD model in mice...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667232/the-pleiotropic-cardiovascular-effects-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors
#7
REVIEW
Angelo Avogaro, Gian Paolo Fadini
Patients with Type 2 Diabetes have an excess risk for cardiovascular disease. One of the several approaches, included in the Guidelines for the management of Type 2 Diabetes, is based on dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4; also termed CD26) inhibitors (DPP-4-I), also called gliptins. Gliptins inhibit the degradation of glucagon-like peptide-1 GLP-1RA: this effect is associated with increased circulating insulin-to-glucagon ratio, and a consequent reduction of HbA1c. Beside incretin hormones, there are several proteins that may be affected by DPP-4 and its inhibition: among these some are relevant for the cardiovascular system homeostasis such as SDF-1α and its receptor CXCR4, brain natriuretic peptides, neuropeptide Y, and peptide YY...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626119/development-of-quinoline-based-theranostic-ligands-for-the-targeting-of-fibroblast-activation-protein
#8
Thomas Lindner, Anastasia Loktev, Annette Altmann, Frederik Giesel, Clemens Kratochwil, Jürgen Debus, Dirk Jäger, Walter Mier, Uwe Haberkorn
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is overexpressed in cancer associated fibroblasts and is involved in a variety of tumor promoting activities such as matrix remodeling, angiogenesis, chemotherapy resistance and immunosuppression. Since FAP shows low expression in most normal organs it presents an interesting target for imaging and endoradiotherapy. In this paper, FAP inhibitors were modified and optimized for their use as theranostic tracers. Methods: FAP inhibitors (FAPIs) based on a quinoline structure were synthesized and characterized with respect to binding, internalization and efflux in cells expressing human and murine FAP as well as CD26...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622798/cd26-the-emerging-role-of-a-costimulatory-molecule-in-allograft-rejection
#9
EDITORIAL
W Jungraithmayr, N Enz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599911/effects-of-carbon-ion-beam-alone-or-in-combination-with-cisplatin-on-malignant-mesothelioma-cells-in-vitro
#10
Sei Sai, Masao Suzuki, Eun Ho Kim, Mitsuhiro Hayashi, Guillaume Vares, Naoyoshi Yamamoto, Tadaaki Miyamoto
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is extremely aggressive and a typical refractory cancer. In this study we investigated how effective on killing MM cells by carbon ion beam alone or in combination with cisplatin (CDDP) in vitro . Carbon ion beam (at the center of SOBP with 50 keV/µm of average LET) dose-independently suppressed MM cells MESO-1 and H226 cell viability and in combination with CDDP (25 μM) significantly enhanced its action. Relative biological effectiveness (RBE) values at 73 keV/μm and 13 keV/μm portion of carbon ion beam was estimated as 2...
March 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572550/delayed-allogeneic-skin-graft-rejection-in-cd26-deficient-mice
#11
Xiangli Zhao, Kai Zhang, Peter Daniel, Natali Wisbrun, Hendrik Fuchs, Hua Fan
Organ transplantation is an effective therapeutic tool for treating many terminal diseases. However, one of the biggest challenges of transplantation is determining how to achieve the long-term survival of the allogeneic or xenogeneic transplant by, for example, preventing transplant rejection. In the current study, CD26 gene-knockout mice were used to investigate the potential role of CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPPIV) in allogeneic skin graft rejection by tail-skin transplantation. Compared with wild-type (CD26+/+ ) counterparts, CD26-/- mice showed reduced necrosis of grafts and delayed graft rejection after skin transplantation...
March 23, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562778/evidence-of-amniotic-epithelial-cell-differentiation-toward-hepatic-sinusoidal-endothelial-cells
#12
Monica Serra, Michela Marongiu, Antonella Contini, Toshio Miki, Erika Cadoni, Ezio Laconi, Fabio Marongiu
Amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) represent a useful and noncontroversial source for liver-based regenerative medicine, as they can differentiate into hepatocytes upon transplantation into the liver. However, the possibility that AECs can differentiate into other liver cell types, such as hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSECs), has never been assessed. In order to test this hypothesis, rat- and human-derived AECs (rAECs and hAECs, respectively) were subjected to endothelial cell tube formation assay in vitro...
January 2018: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524519/serpinb3-induces-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-cd26-expression-and-its-metabolic-effects-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Silvano Fasolato, Elisabetta Trevellin, Mariagrazia Ruvoletto, Marnie Granzotto, Giacomo Zanus, Elisa Boscaro, Enrico Babetto, Liliana Terrin, Maria Alberta Battocchio, Francesco Ciscato, Cristian Turato, Santina Quarta, Umberto Cillo, Patrizia Pontisso, Roberto Vettor
AIMS: In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the regulatory protease Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPPIV/CD26), that possesses pro-apoptotic properties, has been found abnormally regulated. The protease inhibitor SerpinB3, exerting anti-apoptotic activity, has also been described to be upregulated, especially in HCCs with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between these two molecules in HCC patients and in experimental models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DPPIV/CD26 and SerpinB3 expression was measured in liver specimens of 67 patients with HCC...
May 1, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507867/factors-associated-with-persistence-of-plasma-hiv-1-rna-during-long-term-continuously-suppressive-firstline-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
Alessandra Ruggiero, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Apostolos Beloukas, Douglas Richman, Saye Khoo, Andrew Phillips, Anna Maria Geretti
Background: Persistence of plasma HIV-1 RNA during seemingly effective antiretroviral thereapy (ART) is incompletely understood. Using an ultrasensitive assay, this cross-sectional study investigated residual plasma HIV-1 RNA in subjects maintained on firstline ART with continuous viral load suppression <50 copies/mL for ≤15 years without recognized viral load blips or treatment interruptions and explored its relationship with the duration of suppressive ART, efavirenz concentrations in plasma, 2-LTR circular HIV-1 DNA (2-LTRc DNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and cellular (CD4 plus CD26/CD38/CD69; CD8 plus CD38/HLA-DR/DP/DQ) and soluble (sCD14, sCD27, sCD30, IL-6) markers of immune activation in peripheral blood...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498809/antibody-based-cell-surface-proteome-profiling-of-metastatic-breast-cancer-primary-explants-and-cell-lines
#15
Vera S Donnenberg, Jayce Jieming Zhang, Erika Moravcikova, Ernest Michael Meyer, Haihui Lu, Christian T Carson, Albert D Donnenberg
Flow cytometric cell surface proteomics provides a new and powerful tool to determine changes accompanying neoplastic transformation and invasion, providing clues to essential interactions with the microenvironment as well as leads for potential therapeutic targets. One of the most important advantages of flow cytometric cell surface proteomics is that it can be performed on living cells that can be sorted for further characterization and functional studies. Here, we document the surface proteome of clonogenic metastatic breast cancer (MBrCa) explants, which was strikingly similar to that of normal mesenchymal stromal cells (P = 0...
April 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497379/molecular-evidence-of-adenosine-deaminase-linking-adenosine-a-2a-receptor-and-cd26-proteins
#16
Estefanía Moreno, Júlia Canet, Eduard Gracia, Carme Lluís, Josefa Mallol, Enric I Canela, Antoni Cortés, Vicent Casadó
Adenosine is an endogenous purine nucleoside that acts in all living systems as a homeostatic network regulator through many pathways, which are adenosine receptor (AR)-dependent and -independent. From a metabolic point of view, adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an essential protein in the regulation of the total intracellular and extracellular adenosine in a tissue. In addition to its cytosolic localization, ADA is also expressed as an ecto-enzyme on the surface of different cells. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26) and some ARs act as binding proteins for extracellular ADA in humans...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477874/molecular-characterization-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-thalassemia-in-the-yulin-region-of-southern-china
#17
Sheng He, Jihui Li, Dong Ming Li, Shang Yi, Xiongcai Lu, Yudi Luo, Yi Liang, Chunfeng Feng, Biyan Chen, Chenguang Zheng, Xiaoxia Qiu
Thalassemia is one of the most common hereditary blood disorders. Epidemiological data regarding the prevalence and distribution of mutations is important for planning a thalassemia control program. To reveal the prevalence of thalassemia and mutation spectrum in the Yulin region of southern China, we screened 130,318 individuals from Yulin region by hematological and genetic analysis. Totally, 24,886 (19.10%) subjects were diagnosed with thalassemia, including 16,308 (12.51%) subjects with α-thalassemia alone, 6658 (5...
May 20, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477101/blood-classification-and-blood-response-criteria-in-mycosis-fungoides-and-s%C3%A3-zary-syndrome-using-flow-cytometry-recommendations-from-the-eortc-cutaneous-lymphoma-task-force
#18
REVIEW
Julia J Scarisbrick, Emmilia Hodak, Martine Bagot, Rene Stranzenbach, Rudolf Stadler, Pablo L Ortiz-Romero, Evangelia Papadavid, Felicity Evison, Robert Knobler, Pietro Quaglino, Maarten H Vermeer
Our current mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary Syndrome (SS) staging system includes blood-classification from B0-B2 for patch/plaque/tumour or erythroderma based on manual Sézary counts but results from our EORTC survey confirm these are rarely performed in patch/plaque/tumour MF, and there is a trend towards using flow cytometry to measure blood-class. Accurately assigning blood-class effects overall stage and the 'global response' used to measure treatment responses in MF/SS and hence impacts management...
April 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444188/switching-and-loss-of-cellular-cytokine-producing-capacity-characterize-in-vivo-viral-infection-and-malignant-transformation-in-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-infection
#19
Huseini Kagdi, Maria Antonietta Demontis, Juan Carlos Ramos, Graham P Taylor
Adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATL) arises from chronic non-malignant human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infection which is characterized by high plasma pro-inflammatory cytokines whereas ATL is characterized by high plasma anti-inflammatory (IL-10) concentrations. The poor prognosis of ATL is partly ascribed to disease-associated immune suppression. ATL cells have a CD4+CCR4+CD26-CD7- immunophenotype but infected cells with this immunophenotype ('ATL-like' cells) are also present in non-malignant HTLV-1 infection...
February 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432190/accelerated-wound-healing-in-mice-by-on-site-production-and-delivery-of-cxcl12-by-transformed-lactic-acid-bacteria
#20
Evelina Vågesjö, Emelie Öhnstedt, Anneleen Mortier, Hava Lofton, Fredrik Huss, Paul Proost, Stefan Roos, Mia Phillipson
Impaired wound closure is a growing medical problem associated with metabolic diseases and aging. Immune cells play important roles in wound healing by following instructions from the microenvironment. Here, we developed a technology to bioengineer the wound microenvironment and enhance healing abilities of the immune cells. This resulted in strongly accelerated wound healing and was achieved by transforming Lactobacilli with a plasmid encoding CXCL12. CXCL12-delivering bacteria administrated topically to wounds in mice efficiently enhanced wound closure by increasing proliferation of dermal cells and macrophages, and led to increased TGF-β expression in macrophages...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
97345
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"