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Flaria El Khoury, Laurent Corcos, Stéphanie Durand, Brigitte Simon, Catherine Le Jossic-Corcos
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most aggressive cancers worldwide. Several anticancer agents are available to treat CRC, but eventually cancer relapse occurs. One major cause of chemotherapy failure is the emergence of drug-resistant tumor cells, suspected to originate from the stem cell compartment. The aim of this study was to ask whether drug resistance was associated with the acquisition of stem cell-like properties. We isolated drug-resistant derivatives of two human CRC cell lines, HT29 and HCT116, using two anticancer drugs with distinct modes of action, oxaliplatin and docetaxel...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Takashi Nakano, Kozo Kuribayashi, Koji Mikami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Chunxiang Ye, Xiuyun Tian, Guanjun Yue, Liang Yan, Xiaoya Guan, Shan Wang, Chunyi Hao
CD26/DPPIV is a glycosylated transmembrane type II protein and has a multitude of biological functions, while its impact on the malignant phenotypes of cancer cells has not been fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the effect of CD26 on growth and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. We found in this study that CD26 expression was higher in cell lines that derived from the metastatic sites than those from the primary tumor sites. In specimens of pancreatic cancer patients, CD26 expression was higher in cancerous tissues than in paired normal tissues...
October 7, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Canping Huang, Jianxun Qi, Guang-Wen Lu, Qihui Wang, Yuan Yuan, Ying Wu, Yanfang Zhang, Jinghua Yan, George F Gao
The suggested bat-origin for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has revitalized the studies on other bat-derived coronaviruses for the interspecies transmission potential. Bat coronavirus (BatCoV) HKU9 is an important betacoronavirus (betaCoV) that is phylogenetically affiliated to the same genus as MERS-CoV. The bat-surveillance data indicated that BatCoV HKU9 has been widely spreading and circulating in bats. This highlights the necessity of characterizing the virus for its potential of crossing species barriers...
October 3, 2016: Biochemistry
Wang Xinhua, Qiu Xiangting, Chen Lingling, Li Guohong
BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common cancers in developing countries. The aim of the study was to determine the association between serum CD26 concentration and outcome of patients with ESCC. METHODS: A total of 183 patients with ESCC and 254 healthy controls were selected. Blood samples were obtained from the participants. The serum level of CD26 was detected using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. All patients were followed for 4 years unless they died of ESCC during the follow-up period...
May 2016: Archives of Medical Research
Yuliia Kaljas, Chengqian Liu, Maksym Skaldin, Chengxiang Wu, Qing Zhou, Yuanan Lu, Ivona Aksentijevich, Andrey V Zavialov
At sites of inflammation and tumor growth, the local concentration of extracellular adenosine rapidly increases and plays a role in controlling the immune responses of nearby cells. Adenosine deaminases ADA1 and ADA2 (ADAs) decrease the level of adenosine by converting it to inosine, which serves as a negative feedback mechanism. Mutations in the genes encoding ADAs lead to impaired immune function, which suggests a crucial role for ADAs in immune system regulation. It is not clear why humans and other mammals possess two enzymes with adenosine deaminase activity...
September 23, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Xingyun Hu, Shanying Liu, Xiaodan Liu, Jinglu Zhang, Ying Liang, Yan Li
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (CD26), a cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed by a variety of cells. It has been shown that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (CD26) is involved in T cell activation. Nonetheless, its role in inflammatory effects in islet β cells has not been well investigated. In this study, we used sitagliptin, a classic inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (CD26), to research the effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (CD26) on the activation of NF-κB, the expression of inflammatory cytokines, and cell apoptosis in rat insulinoma cells...
September 9, 2016: Endocrine
Junji Hamuro, Munetoyo Toda, Kazuko Asada, Asako Hiraga, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, Monty Montoya, Chie Sotozono, Morio Ueno, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: To identify the subpopulation (SP) among heterogeneous cultured human corneal endothelial cells (cHCECs) devoid of cell-state transition applicable for cell-based therapy. METHODS: Subpopulation presence in cHCECs was confirmed via surface CD-marker expression level by flow cytometry. CD markers effective for distinguishing distinct SPs were selected by analyzing those on established cHCECs with a small cell area and high cell density. Contrasting features among three typical cHCEC SPs was confirmed by PCR array for extracellular matrix (ECM)...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Emmanuel Fenouillet, Aude Vigouroux, Jean Guillaume Steinberg, Alexandre Chagvardieff, Frédérique Retornaz, Regis Guieu, Yves Jammes
BACKGROUND: Myalgic encephalomyelitis chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a common debilitating disorder associated with an intense fatigue, a reduced physical activity, and an impaired quality of life. There are no established biological markerof the syndrome. The etiology is unknown and its pathogenesis appears to be multifactorial. Various stressors, including intense physical activity, severe infection, and emotional stress are reported in the medical history of ME/CFS patients which raises the question whether any physiological and biological abnormalities usually found in these patients could be indicative of the etiology and/or the quality-of-life impairment...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Junji Hamuro, Morio Ueno, Munetoyo Toda, Chie Sotozono, Monty Montoya, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: Cultured human corneal endothelial cells (cHCECs) are anticipated to become an alternative to donor corneas for the treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction. However, cHCECs reportedly tend to exhibit chromosomal abnormality during in vitro cell division, thereby hampering their use in the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether a specified subpopulation (SP) of heterogeneous cHCECs would exhibit aneuploidy, whereas other SPs would not. METHODS: The presence of SPs in cHCECs was analyzed on the basis of surface cluster of differentiation (CD) antigen CD166, CD105, CD44, CD26, and CD24 expression levels by flow cytometry...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Juan J Nieto-Fontarigo, Francisco J González-Barcala, Esther San José, Pilar Arias, Montserrat Nogueira, Francisco J Salgado
Asthma is a heterogeneous and chronic inflammatory family of disorders of the airways with increasing prevalence that results in recurrent and reversible bronchial obstruction and expiratory airflow limitation. These diseases arise from the interaction between environmental and genetic factors, which collaborate to cause increased susceptibility and severity. Many asthma susceptibility genes are linked to the immune system or encode enzymes like metalloproteases (e.g., ADAM-33) or serine proteases. The S9 family of serine proteases (prolyl oligopeptidases) is capable to process peptide bonds adjacent to proline, a kind of cleavage-resistant peptide bonds present in many growth factors, chemokines or cytokines that are important for asthma...
August 25, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Mizuki Yamamoto, Shutoku Matsuyama, Xiao Li, Makoto Takeda, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Jun-Ichiro Inoue, Zene Matsuda
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is an emerging infectious disease associated with a relatively high mortality rate of approximately 40%. MERS is caused by MERS corona virus (MERS-CoV) infection, and no specific drugs or vaccines are currently available to prevent MERS-CoV infection. MERS-CoV is an enveloped virus and its envelope protein (S protein) mediates membrane fusion at the plasma membrane or endosomal membrane. Multiple proteolysis by host proteases, such as furin, transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2), and cathepsins, causes the S protein to become fusion competent...
August 22, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Frans Alexander Jacobs, Hanél Sadie-Van Gijsen, Mari van de Vyver, William Frank Ferris
Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) is associated with an increase in bone marrow adiposity, which skews the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) progenitors away from osteoblastogenesis and toward adipogenesis. We have previously found that vanadate, a non-specific protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, prevents GIO in rats, but it was unclear whether vanadate directly influenced adipogenesis in bone-derived MSCs. For the present study, we investigated the effect of vanadate on adipogenesis in primary rat MSCs derived from bone marrow (bmMSCs) and from the proximal end of the femur (pfMSCs)...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Y-X Jiang, S-W Yang, P-A Li, X Luo, Z-Y Li, Y-X Hao, P-W Yu
Postoperative recurrence and metastasis have crucial roles in the poor prognosis of gastric cancer patients. Previous studies have indicated that gastric cancer originates from cancer stem cells (CSCs), and some investigators have found that a particular subset of CSCs possesses higher metastatic capacity. However, the specific mechanism remains uncertain. In the present study, we aimed to explore the biological functions of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) in gastric cancer metastasis and the distinct IL-17-induced transformation of quiescent gastric CSCs...
August 15, 2016: Oncogene
Juliana E Hidalgo Lopez, Mariko Yabe, Adrian A Carballo-Zarate, Sa A Wang, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, Sairah Ahmed, John Lee, Shaoying Li, Ellen Schlette, Timothy McDonnell, Roberto N Miranda, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Carlos E Bueso-Ramos, C Cameron Yin
T-cell large granular lymphocytic (T-LGL) leukemia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is rare and its natural history and clinical outcome have not been well described. We report the clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular features of a case of donor-derived T-LGL leukemia in a 16-year-old man who received allogeneic SCT for peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). The patient presented with persistent neutropenia and splenomegaly 9 months after SCT when the chimerism study showed a 100% donor pattern...
August 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Marko Anderluh, Gordana Kocic, Katarina Tomovic, Radivoj Kocic, Marina Deljanin-Ilic, Andrija Smelcerovic
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), glycyl-prolyl-naphthylamidase, is a serine protease that catalyzes the hydrolysis of various proline-containing polypeptides. It is involved in the inactivation of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), having in this way a profound influence on glucose metabolism. During organ damage, stromal and endothelial cells produce a chemokine known as stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), a powerful chemoattractant of stem/progenitor cells...
July 30, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Chikao Morimoto, Kei Ohnuma
CD26 is a 110 kDa, type II transmembrane glycoprotein with dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity and is capable of cleaving Nterminal dipeptides with either L-proline or L-alanine at the penultimate position. Malignant mesothelioma(MM)is an aggressive malignancy arising from the mesothelial cells. It is generally associated with a history of asbestos exposure and has a very poor prognosis. Due to lack of efficacy of conventional treatments, novel therapeutic strategies are urgently needed to improve outcomes. Recently we showed that CD26 is preferentially expressed on epithelial type of MM cells but not on normal mesothelial cells...
July 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Choon-Soo Lee, Yun Gi Kim, Hyun-Jai Cho, Jonghanne Park, Heewon Jeong, Sang-Eun Lee, Seung-Pyo Lee, Hyun-Jae Kang, Hyo-Soo Kim
The inhibitors of CD26 (dipeptidyl peptidase-4; DPP4) have been widely prescribed to control glucose level in diabetic patients. DPP4-inhibitors, however, accumulate stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), a well-known inducer of vascular leakage and angiogenesis both of which are fundamental pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DPP4-inhibitors on vascular permeability and diabetic retinopathy. DPP4-inhibitor (diprotin A or sitagliptin) increased the phosphorylation of Src and vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) in human endothelial cells and disrupted endothelial cell-to-cell junctions, which were attenuated by CXCR4 (receptor of SDF-1α)-blocker or Src-inhibitor...
2016: Scientific Reports
Magdalena Matuszak, Krzysztof Lewandowski, Anna Czyż, Jolanta Kiernicka-Parulska, Anna Przybyłowicz-Chalecka, Małgorzata Jarmuż-Szymczak, Maria Lewandowska, Mieczysław Komarnicki
A number of factors related to B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients' prognosis have been identified. However, still some factors better reflecting disease activity in individual cases are explored. The study aimed to evaluate prognostic significance of dipeptidylpeptidase IV/CD26 expression on B-CLL cells and its relationship with other well established prognostic factors. The study included 94 patients with newly diagnosed B-CLL and involved analysis of clinical, laboratory, flow-cytometry and cytogenetic data...
August 2016: Leukemia Research
Milica Grujic, Ivana Z Matic, Marija Djordjic Crnogorac, Ana Damjanovic Velickovic, Branka Kolundzija, Oscar J Cordero, Zorica Juranic, Slavica Prodanovic, Maja Zlatanovic, Dragan Babic, Nemanja Damjanov
BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV/CD26) plays an important role in T cell activation and immune regulation, however the role of this enzyme in early rheumatoid arthritis (eRA) has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to determine the serum activity of DPPIV, its expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and to examine possible correlations with disease activity (DAS28) in untreated patients with eRA. METHODS: The study included 50 patients newly diagnosed with RA, who had not received any corticosteroid or disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) therapy and whose conventional radiographs of hands and feet showed no structural damage...
June 24, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
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